BRITAIN'S NEW KING.
Career and Characteristics of England's Ruler.
The new King, known as George
V is George Frederick Ernest Al
bert, who before Queen Victoria's
death was known us the Duke of
York, upon her death became Duke of
Cornwall, and later, uiion the com
pletion of his tour around the British
Empire, was created Prince of Wales.
He was born on June 3, 1865, nt
Marlborough House, seventeen
months after the birth of his brother.
the Duko of Clarence, oa whose
death, In January, 1892, he became
the heir, after his father, to the Brit,
leh throne. The title of the Duke of
York Is Appropriated exclusively to
members of the royal family of Great
Britain. It has often been given to
younger sons of the reigning mon
arch, and the title was borne by
Henry VIII., Charles I. and James II.
before they ascended the throne. The
first Duke was Edmund of Laugley,
fifth son of Edward III., who created
lilm Duke of York about 13S5, when
lie was forty-four years old. The
title lapsed after the accession of
James II. But the House of Hanover
revived It In 1716, when Ernest Au
gustus, brother of George I. and
liisliop of Osnaburg, was created
' Duke of York and Albany. Prince
Edward Augustus, brother of George
III., and the second son of George
III., Prince Frederick, afterward suc
cessively held the title, which again
became extinct on the Litter's death,
Prom his early childhood Prince
George, presented a striking contract
to his elder brother, the Duke of
Clarence. The latter was pale, pen
Five, retiring, but with a singular
grace of manner and deportment that
never afterward forsook him; the
other was ruddy of countenance, full
r of brlRlitness and brusque vivacity.
The features of the elder were finely
cut, in close resemblance to those of
Ills father at the same early ae.
Prince George, on the other hand,
bore a striking resemblance to the
Princess of Wales' sister, the Empress
t Dowager of Russia, not only In the
general form and cast of countenance,
bin also In detail of feature and ex
pression. In later years the new
King's resemblance to his cousin, the
Emperor Nicholas, bas bceu much
Throughout their boyhood Prince
George and his brother were constant
companions. An extraordinary lntl
tuacy and sympathy existed between
them, and each exerted a marked In
fluence over the other. Together they
entered the navy as cadets, on June
C, 1S77. Prince George had reached
the required age only two dayj be
fore, and was perhaps the youngest
cadet ever admitted to service. For
two years they were on the training
ship Dartmouth, the younger winning
a reputation for athletic prowess un
usual for his age. Then, on July 15,
1879, they set out on their famous
three years' voyage in-the Bacchante.
Thy visited the West Indies, South
America, the Cape, Australia, FIJI,
Japan, China, Singapore and Ceylon.
The Bacchante was then ordered
through the Suez Canal Into the
Mediterranean, and a . considerable
period of time was spent by the
Princes in Egypt, the Holy Land and
Greece during the spring of 1S82.
Shortly after this Prince George be
came the senior midshipman In the
service, and was waiting until his age
allowed hin to present himself for his
examination as sub-lieutenant, when
lie obtained a first class In seaman
ship. On returning home he at once
Joined, as all sub-lieutenants have to
do. the Naval College at Greenwich
for further Instruction, and subse
quently went on the ship Excellent at
Portsmouth. Here he went through
(the course exactly like anybody else.
Pvery sub-lientenant has to pass five
"iaminatlons one each la Beaman
etp. In navigation, In torpedo. In
gunnery and la pilotage. Ia four of
these Prince George achieved the un
usual distinction of obtaining a first
tlass, and thus won his promotion to
lieutenant's rank on October 8, 1885.
In American Waters.
The Admiralty ordered the Prince
Jn May 6, 1890, to the command of
jthe large gunboat Thrush, on the
North American and West Indian sta
tions. In that capacity be success
'ully accomplished the difficult task
of towing a torpedo boat across the
'Atlantic. He also visited Canada and
he United States and acted aa the
Queen's representative in opening the
'industrial exhibition at Kingston, Ja
maica. Returning to England be
:w&s promoted to the rank of com
mander on August 27, 1-891. In the
Ntumn of that year he went to visit
his brother, the Duke of Clarence, at
jDublln. There he contracted typhoid
ft ver and nearly lo?t his life. But his
TObust constitution held out, and he
'recovered bis health Just In time to
stand by the deathbed of his brother,
who kad. fallen a victim to pneu-
Prince George's Mimlnge.
Prince George was created Duke
of York, Earl of Inverness and Baron
Klllarney on the Queen's birthday,
May 24, 1892. His mnrrlnge with
Princess Slay of Teck, who had been
affianced to the Duko of Clarence, was
celebrated in the Chapel Royal, St.
James', on July (!, 1SW3. Six children
were born to them Edward Albert
(June 23, 1891). Albert Frederick
(December 1 4, 1895), Victoria Alex
andra (April 25, 1897), Henry Will
lam (March 31, 1900), George Ed
ward (December 20, 1902) and John
Charles (July 12, 1905). Tho suc
cession la the direct line, for which
at one time much apprehension was
felt in England, appears, therefore, to
Tour of tho World.
The most noteworthy occurrence In
the life of the new King thus far is
the seven months' trip around thy
world and the Erltish colonies which
he took in 1901, shortly after his
father's accession to the throne. On
this journey Prince George was ac
companied by the Princess, who
shared with him all the honors be
stowed on him at every place they
visited. Prince George opened the
first Parliament of the Common
wealth of Australia. The royal cou
ple had arrived In Canada, and there
was reason to believe that the jour
ney would be extended to the United
States, though no arrangements In
that direction had been made, when
President McKlnley was assassinated.
The tragedy put a visit to this coun
try at Unit moment out of the ques
tlon and the Prince and Princess re
turned to England without having
seen the country which Edward VII.
had visited more than forty years
before, when a young man.
On his return to London Prlnco
George was publicly received at tho
Guildhall, his hosts being the Lord
Mayor and tho Aldermen. He deliv
ered an address on that occasion
which showed that the quiet, retiring
young mnn who was known to bo
averse to social functions and public
demonstrations was a gifted speaker
and that he possessed the qualities of
a leader. It was In this address that
the heir to the throne delivered his
well known advico to England to
"wake up." The young Prince's
Guildhall speech was referred to by
Lord Rosebery as "a statesxan-llke
In his speech Prince George spoke
of his experiences in the distant pos
sessions of the empire and of the
Impressions made on him by what he
had seen. His trip had taken him
through the Mediterranean and the
Suez Cannl to India, Austialla, New
Zealand, South Africa, St. Vincent,
W. I., and to Nova Scotia, and
through Canada to the Pacific Ocean.
Ia the autumn of 1905 Prince
George again visited India, and on
his return made another speech, in
which be declared that "the task of
governing India will be made easier
It we on our part Infuse Into It a
wider element of sympathy." Ia
190S he came to Canada to attend the
celebration of the Champlaln ter
centenary, meeting Vice-President
Fairbanks, who represented this
country, at Quebec.
Losing Its Tentacles.
With many States and the United
States Government in hot pursuit of
the Standard Oil Company It would
not be surprising if that octopus was
in a somewhat distressed frame of
mind. Many of its tentacles are be
ing lopped oft, so many, in fact, that
it is doubtful If with even Its marvel
ous powers of replacement It can
grow new ones quite fast enough to
save Itself from permanent maiming.
The loss of Tennessee, which has been
made final by a decision of the United
States Supreme Court, will probably
be severely felt by the corporation,
not, perhaps, so much because it
means expulsion from one State as
because of the evil advertising It
means and the bad odor which the
Supreme Court of the United States,
soon to pronounce Judgment of life or
death upon it, seems to find attached
to It. Providence Bulletin.
Some Big Chain Cables.
Some of the biggest, if not the big
gest, chain cables In the world are
those made In South Wales for certain
new quadruple-screw turbine Atlantic
The iron bar used In making the
llrcs Is three and three-quarters
Inches In diameter at the smallest
part. Each link Is about twenty-two
and a quarter Inches long and weighs
about 160 pounds.
When tested for strength the
breaking stress of 265.7 tons required
by law, Instead ot fracturing these
gigantic links, simply elongated them
about one Inch. With the highest
stress that the testing machine could
give, about 370 tons, the links showed
no signs ot cracks. Harper's Weekly.
IN THE IUBLIG EYE.
fat ? 17 JXs.w',"i "
JKi,WJk ' S A
f:4 - ' "J
A FAMOUS AMERICAN VIOLINIST.
There must be something in sport
ing blood that produces the musical
temperament when the two most tal
ented of young American musicians,
Goraldlne Farrar and Albert Spald
ing, are both the children of famous
baseball players. The distinguished
soprano is the daughter of Sid. C.
Farrar, long a member of the Phila
delphia Nationals, and the greatest
of American violin virtuosos is
the son of Al. G. Spalding, whose ca
reer and fame are too well known for
Mr. Spalding is a violinist of tho
most extraordinary technical powers.
He has a beautiful sensuous tone,
great warmth of conception, Joined
with a comprehensive mentality
which enables him to put these quali
ties to the best use.
Spalding has in bis artistic make
up that which appeals to both lay
man and professional; his warm,
singing, soulful tone will always
please a miscellaneous audience,
while his mastery of the violin, his
sterling musicianship and his exqui
site taste In all things pertaining to
Interpretation must win the admira
tion of connoisseurs. Spalding's
technique is highly developed; It Is
fluent, It is reliable and clean cut.
What makes Spalding's art partic
ularly attractive are tho above men
tioned qualities of his round, noble,
ringing tone, which recalls Wil
helmj's, and a temperament filled
with youthful freshness.
Albert Spalding was born in Chi
cago in ISsS, and began his studies
at an early age with Professor Chitl
In Florence, where he lived in the
winter, studying in the summer In his
own country with the Spanish master,
Professor J. Buitrago. When he was
Applicant For Position "No, mum, I don't know nothing about chil
dren; up to now I've always worked In the best families, where they don't
have none." Illustrated Bits.
fourteen he took tho first prize ut Inc
liolognn Conservatoire, and Unbilled
bis studies la Paris wltii Lefort.
Making a l'nH'r Aeroplane.
A very interesting and instructive
top aeroplane can be made as shown
In the accompanying Illustrations. A
sheet of paper is first folded, Fig. 1,
then the corners on one end are
doubled over, Fig. 2. and the wholo
piece finished up and held together
with a paper clip ns In FH:. 3. The
paper clip to be used slieinM bo lili'
A , tW
Folding tho Paper
the one shown in Fig. 4, writes J. H.
Crawford, in Popular Mechanics, if
one of these 'ilps is not ut hand, form
a piece of wire In tho same shape, as
It will be needed for balancing pur
poses as well as for holding tho paper
together. Grasp the aeroplane be
tween the thumb and forefinger at
the place marked A in Fig. 3, keep
ing the paper as level aa possible
and throwing it as you would a dart.
The aeroplnne will make an easy and
graceful flight In a room where no
air will strike it.
In 300 balloon ascensions there Is,
on an average, one fatal accident.
Story of a $30,000 Lump and Some
thing About the Substance.
The story of how a Manchester (N.
H.) painter found in the St. Lawrence
rlvsr a lump of yrayiah substance
weighing thirty-eight pounds, and
how he has discovered that the solid
fatty stuff Is ambergris and Is worth
30,0(X), recalls the nearest thing to
romance that ever entered Into the
llveB of Gloucester and New Bedford
whalers, lu the old days when Amer
ican whalers dared every sea. It was
like a lottery. Once In a lifctlmo
you mluht chance on tho decaying
body of a whale, giving off an awful
smell, and Inside that whale would
be a fortune enough so that you
would never have to go to sea again.
Charles Reade, as far aa we remem
ber, is the only writer to Introduce
ambergris Into fiction. In "Love Me
Little, Love Me Long," David tells
Miss Fountain how "the skipper
stuffed their noses and ears with cot
ton steeped In aromatic vinegar, and
they lighted short pipes and broached
the brig upon the putrescent monster
and grappled to It ; and the skipper
Jumped on It and drove bis spade
(sharp stel) In behind the whale's
It Is a matter of record that not
far from the Windward Islands
Yankee skipper In one of the best
old whaling years did cut out of a
whale ISO pounds of ambergris,
which was sold for 500. Tho price
quoted for many years was $6 an
ounce. Ambergris Is often found
floating on the sea, parliculsrlv off
the coast of Brazil and of Madagas
car. The Bahnmss send more than
any other sjjirce to market. The
stuff is a secretion of the sperm
whale which dies of tho disease pro
ducing the perfume matter. Chem
ists find it hard to account for the
fact that the smell of the dead whale
is so horrible when the substance
taken out Is valuable only as a
source of sweet smells. Brooklyn
Lightning as a Fertilizer.
Ofton on mountain seacoaBts th
Ttpop-Iaden south wind Is seen cov
erinr the mountain peaks with a
cloudy veil. This same phenomenon
can be seen atop some of our peaky
spires. Now, atmospheric electricity
can take these same routes and
harmlessly and silently balance and
mix up and neutralize the differing
electric loads of earth and air. This
may b all to tho good In Insuring,
for miles around, safety from thun
derbolts, but at the same time it
may be stealing something from the
farms and gardens of the vicinage,
for lightning loads the air with
bushels of nitrous gases which de
scend with tho rain to enrich the
crouad. Tin In the New York Press,
THE SMART MAN.
Crlmkte (a resident') Blysterre,
who lives next door to me, Is the most
stupid specimen of humanity I have
ver seen, and yt evsry one In town
peaks of blm as "the smart man."
Oreenleaf (a stranger) Why Is
Grlmkie He's the proprietor of a
mustard plaster factory. Chicago
News. . .
"Senator Wombat has Just read
Luclle' for the first time. Says It
Is a magnificent poem."
"Enthuslastlo about it, is he?"
"So much so that he wants to have
H reprinted as a public document."
A DKTEKMIXED W'OMAX
Finally Found a Food That Cured
"When I first read of tho remark
able effects of Grape-Nuts food, I de
termined to secure some," says a
woman of Salisbury, Mo. "At that
time there was none kept In this
town, but my husband ordered sotr.
from a Chicago traveler.
"I 'bad been greatly afflicted with
sudden attacks of cramps, nausea,
and vomiting. Tried all sorts of rem
edies anl physicians, but obtained
only temporary relief. As soon as I
began to use tho now food the cramps
disappeared and have Dover returned.
"My old attacks of sick stomach
were a little slower to yield, but by
continuing tho food, that trouble has
disappeared entirely. I am to-day
perfectly well, can eat anything and
everything I wish, without paying the
penalty that I used to. We would
not keep bouse without Grape-Nuts.
"My huBband was so delighted with
the benefits I received that he has
been recommending Grape-Nuts to
his customers and has built up a very
large trade on the food. He sells
tbem by the case to many of the lead
ing physicians of the county, who
recommend Grape-Nuts very general
ly. There is soma satisfaction In us
ing a really scientifically prepared
Read the little book, "The Road
to Wellvrlle," in pkgs. "There's a
Ever read the above-letter? A new
one appear from time to time. They
are ganutae, true, and foil of human
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