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riffi LAKELAND EVENING TE EGRAM Published in the Best Town in the Best Part of the Best State. LAKELAND, FLORIDA, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 7, 1911. NO. 6 LECTURE LAST NIGHT Raymond Interest- ly Discussed Prob- as'tof Sewercce. F. Raymond, Sanitary and ial Engineer, of Hartford, delivered an interesting ad- st night at the Herron the- the subject of sewerage. aymond has had many years nee in dealing with the sub' the sanitary disposal of sew- ,nd those who listened to him lighted with his plain and 1 way of putting things. speaker, who was Introduced Mayor, gave a very thorough of the subject, dealing with ous methods of sewerage dla- elr relative values and weak- He pointed out the danger led with the too often pre disposition on the part of inlcipal authorities to side' question and leave things care of themselves after some half-way and sllp- thods, which did not dispose uestlon any more than it dis- the sewerage, but left it to k for further consideration when It could be put oft r by reason of the serious? the resulting consequences :ed the city fathers to go adopting any system, but to to adopt one that would be ntly and thoroughly effec- aced the methods of sewer- al from the earliest per n to the present time, from le method of our grand- and grandmothers who dealt 1 matter very thoroughly and jy In their way of spreading the land, allowing the sun to get to It and quickly re to its constituent elements. tery Important matter he Mention to, and which is not understood or realized was that there is two and a half much organic matter and s as much solids in the there fs in the faecal mat the chemical analysis of te and wash water, when to stand open to the air for i, will show the same prop- that of nightsoll, with the of the chemicals in the economy of nature tne n of oncanlc matter is ihed by decomposition, by le nitrogenous matter is to its mineral element, plant ctlon is a slow process, of sed by the facultative An- jclass of bacteria that thrive (oxygen and break up the xom the inside, emitting ration is accomplished by ng bercilli, a class of bac- thrive best in the presence undant supply of oxygen. k is accomplished without eeable and dangerous gen- f gases that are formed in Ion; the final result nl- a mineral compound, which lantity found may be taken human system with im- aker pointed out several ges of allowing the storm m roofs and streets to en- wer: on account of catch ng required and which .In are as bad as cesspools, outlet required, and the of the disposal works a of sewerage at the time works are covered with rain and least able to care for it. He referred to the chemical treat ment of sewerage, the mechanical treatment, that is by screening and, crating, preferable is the chemical process; but more practically of the land treatment, by the different methods known as the septic tank system, artificial filter beds, natural filter beds, trench Irrigation broad irrigation, and a combination of them all. He pointed out the weaknesses and limitations of the various sys tems and then gave a very lucid il lustration of the broad, Irrigation method of distributing the sewer age over the land, and causing it to produce splendid crops which do not require cultivation. He said that the so!! in this part of the country was admirably adapt ed to this method of disposal, ab sorbing water so easily as it dots. He advocated this system for Lake land and guaranteed that under BEN HALE NOW ON TRIAL FOR HIS LIFE Testimony All In and Case Goes to Jury This Afternoon Evening Telegram Bureau, : Bartow, Fla., Nov. 7. The examination of witnesses In the Ben Hale case, came to an abrupt i lose soon after the convening of court this morning. The State "wai allowed to recall Mr. J. B. Galloway who testified that the shells founf by him near the scene of the killing were New Club Shells, number 13. And then the State re-called John Logan for further cross examination., Mr. Logan was questioned closely at to his connection with Hale's con direction such treatment is absolute-1 fession, but nothing improper wa IJ UUri ItTBB. The community is under an obli gation to Mr. Raymond for his kind ness in giving to our people the benefit of his experience and advice. Polk County Lady S'jes Railroad For Heavy Damages. With damages claimed as $12,000 suit was instituted in the United States court yesterday by Hilton Hampton as attorney ifor the plain tiff, Mrs. Lydia Blount of Eagle Lake, Fla., against the Atlantic Coast Line as defendant company. The plaintiff is the mother of Mr. Blount, an employe of the Citizens' Bank and Trust Company of Tampa. The cause for action Is alleged to be that Mrs. Blount, who is a sufferer from rheumatism to the extent that she Is obliged to use an invalid's chair, was returning to her home by train last August and the employes of the road sought to assist her when she arrived at her destination, but she was dropped to the tracks and received fractures of both legs. The railroad Is Incorporated under the laws of Virginia and this, to gether with the fact that Issues are joined with less delay than In the state courts, accounts for the reason as to why the present case was started in Judge I.oeke's tribunal. KIND WORDS FROM MR. J. W. BUCHANAN, SR. shown. After the defendant had retired with his attorney for consultation, and had returned into the court room, Senator Dayton announced, "The defense rests, too, Your Honor." This was quite a surprise, for It Is known that there have been ten or twelve witnesses summoned here for the defendant. This move by coun' sel for the defendant gives the at torneys for the defense the opening and closing arguments. Mr. 0. L. Dayton made the opening argument for the defense, and he was follow ed by Judge Boswell for the State. Both men made short argument. The jury will next be addressed by States Attorney Singletary. Senator George V. Dayton and his brother,, 0. L. Dayton, will both make clos ing arguments, after which will fol low the charge of the court. More than likely a verdict will be return ed today. During the arguments, Hale sits stolid as an ox, apparently unconcerned as to his fate. Mrs. the killing, and noticing branches had been shot away, went in direc tion shots apparently had come from and picked up two empty shot guu shells. He followed tracks of a man from the place where shells were found for about 100 yards and then desisted, sending to Lakeland for blood hounds. When the hounds came, they took up the trail at a point in the field where witness and others had stopped following It and followed the trail to Mr. Martin s house, and thence on to Hale's house, where the dogs were chained because Hale's dogs ran out to interfere. Witness said that they found Hale's boat gone from his landing place, but after circling the lake with the doi,s they failed to take up any trail. Dr. K. M. McMurray, of Kathleen, testified as to nature of Carter's wounds. He said that the right coratld artery was severed and the transverse processes of the fourth and fifth cervical vertebrae were shuttered with fragments of bone driven Into the spinal cord and ca nal. Wounds appeared to have been made by buckshot. A. A. Lewis and W. A. Ross testi fied to practically same thing that J. 13. Galloway testified to. Mr. Lewis said that the shells were pick ed up 15 or 20 steps from the road. Mr. Wllllford being sworn, said that he lived on the main road about one quarter of a mile south of where the killing took place. Was Bitting on his porch, and about ten minutes before he heard two shots fired in ..a.c inline . u.r p".j rapid succession, he saw a man SOrrOW the real sufferer. Mrlvll.ir a ln.muli lim nA lna The Trial in Detail. Circuit Court re-convened at 11 o'clock today. The name of members of regular venire summon fH .for wppk wpre railed, all i -j .t. .. . - ...iiBjiB'n8 In the direction of Kathleen, answering, and they were qualified!". ... . . as jurors. The attitude of Judge in the direction of Kathleen. The man In the wagon was Floyd Car ter. About the same time, he saw Ben Hale on a dim road, which leads diagonally into the main road, Gainesville, Ga., 11-5, 1911. Mr. M. F. Hetheriugton. Editor Telegram, Lakeland, Fla. Dear Sir: I have just received Telegram of November 2d and I wish to con gratulate you. The people of Lake land, of course, expected something superior, judging by your success In the past, and their expectations have been more than realized in the Telegram. The people of Lakeland and Polk county should be proud of the paper and render every possible support. That the Telegram will materially aid in the already rapid progress Lakeland is making, no one can doubt. With the slncerest wishes for the future success of the Telegram. I am. Yours truly, J. W. BUCHANAN, Sr. Whitney toward jury duty is be coming generally known in the coun ty, and for this reason It Is noticea ble that not a man asked to be excus ed from duty. The Judge remark ed to the jury, as he has remarked to others previously during this term of court, that their fellow cit izens have a right to their services and that he will not excuse jurors unless not to do so will jeopardize their business or endanger their health or the health of their families. By 12:30, the Jury In the Ben Hale case was completed by the Hale had a gun. In about 10 rain utes after he saw Hale pass, lie heard from direction In which the men had gone two shots fired In rapid succession. J. P. Murdaugh, superintendent of county convicts, and Dan Marshall, deputy sheriff, testified the first as the character and ability of the dogs used as man trailers, and the second witness described the ac tions of the dogs In following the trail from the scene of the killing. Charley Robins testified to actions of dogs In following the trail, and added that when they took the dogs 3 shells, and defendant showed him 3 other shells he already had, de fendant remarking that he guessed he had enough shells to last him. The shells pulled out by Hale were New Club shells. At this point, court adjourned un til arter supper. The State has made rapid progress in getting its case to the Jury. In all, the State has about 20 witnesses and the de fendant 10. Ben Hale, the defendant, appar ently .m or 60 years old and frail looking, sits between his lawyers, Dayton & Dayton, while his wife sits directly behind him. Hale is pale from long confinement. He sits with his legs crossed and his hands clasped in his lap, and he ap parently takes very little interest iu the shrewd legal battle now being fought over his life. He turns his head slowly from side to side oc casionally to watch the proceedings and licks his lips as If they were dry and parched. Lines of sorrow fur row deeply the face of Mrs. Hale. She looks ready to weep, and occas ionally she caresses the shoulders of her husband and holds a whispered conservation with him, doubtless en (Continued on Page 8) Battle of Ballots for Mayorlty Honors Now In Progress. Only a moderate vote is being polled in the Mayor's race today, people generally, it is presumed, be ing satisfied that either of the can dldates would make an acceptable Mayor, and the contest having been too good-natured to arouse the an tagonism which it seems is neces sary to beget unusual interest. At tne hour or going to press about 250 votes had been polled, and the number will probably be in creased twenty-five or thirty more before time to close the polls. Of course, it Is Impossible at this writing to make any forecast of the result, but Indications are that the vote between the two candidates will be rather close. FIRST RIPE STRAWBERRIES. selection of two additional jurors to back south of where the killing took complete the panel, at which time'P'ace mey iook up a irau wnicn leu court recessed until two o'clock. "A South Florida family has re cently refused $230,000 for its cattle holdings." says the Palatka Times Herald, "and to think that live stock Industry In this state Is yet In Its infancy!" This Is certainly an interesting statement and one that will surprise many who have perhaps thought cattle-raising was unknown In Florida. Times-Union. It will be remembered that the State is trying Ben Hale for the killing of Floyd Carter, July 15 last, on the road between Galloway and Kathleen. Carter was shot dead in his wagon by some one in or near the road, and soon after the killing Ben Hale was arrested for the mur der and has since been in jail, from which he is now being taken daily to stand trial on an indictment for murder recently returned by the Grand Jury. There were no eye witnesses to the tragedy, and un less Hale's confessions made to the officers and others after he was ar rested, are admissible in evidence, the State will have to depend upon circumstantial evidence, and cir cumstances in this case furnish but slight evidence. The State began it case by put ting 3. B. Galloway on the stand. Witness testified that he reached the scene of the tragedy soon after to where the shells were picked up and on over the same tracks and trail previously followed. The wit ness attempted to say that the track made by the party whom the dogs trailed was identical with a track of Hale's he examined at the inquest, but the court permitted him only to state the similarity of the two tracks. Mrs. Martin said that she saw Hale pass her house on the day of the killing, about two hours before the sheriff with his dogs passed on the trail of some one. Hale spoke to her and she spoke to him. Saw nothing in Hale's hands. John Logan, sheriff, was put on the stand to make a diagram of the road from Lakeland to Galloway to Kathleen. J. E. Harrelson was working at Galloway on the day of the killing. He stated that about twelve-thirty Ben Hale asked him to sell him some Miller Hi (is. wim are among tin leading strawberry growers of this section, icjmii Hie lirst riN straw berries of Hie K-iisoii which had en tirely ripened on November 1st. The herrie" vv -f of the Missionary variety. .jiil.-r liros. state they will make their fir; I shipment just about Thanksgiving. SOUTH FLORIDA CONFERENCE CONVENES HERE IN FEBRUARY Bishop Warren to Preside. Oklahoma City. Okla., Nov. 6. Prominent bishops of the Methodist Episcopal church in all parts of the world were assigned to preside over the. conferences of the church to be held next spring at this afternoon's session of the board of bishops. Bishop Anderson, Washington Conference, Washington, D. ('., March 30; New England Southern Conference, Providence, R. I., March 27; New Hampshire Conference, Nassau, N. C, April 30; Bishop Niielson, upper Mississippi Confer ence, Corinth, Miss., January 17; Mississippi Conference, Hattiesburg. Miss., January 1; Northwest Kan sas Conference, Salina. Kan., March 20; Bishop Warren, St John River Conference, South Jacksonville, Fla., January 25; South Florida Con ference, Lakeland, Fla., February 1; Florida Conference, Gainesville, Fla., February S; Bishop Moore, Arkan sas Conference, Springfield, Ark., shot gun shells. He sold defendant January 21 LUTHERAN SYNOD COMING IIEftf Delegates From Three States In This City Next November Lakeland has been chosen the next meeting place of the Evangelical Lutheran Synod, of Georgia, Florida and Alabama, which body will con vene in this city. Oct. 2 Nov. 3. 1912. The lust annual meeting of the Lutheran Synod occurred last week lit Savannah, and the decision to come to Lakeland was due to the cordial Invitation extended by the Lutherans of this city through their pastor, Rev. II. J. Mathlas. The latter pressed lakeland's claims go well, told of her hospitable people, her beautiful scenery and her many attractions, that this city was chosen over Augusta and Senola, Ga., both of which were anxious to be the hosts next year. The new Lutheran church will bo in readiness for the Convention and when the large delegation of Luther an divines, delegates, and their fam ilies arrive, they will be accorded a warm welcome by the people Lakeland, irrespective of denomina tlon. of REV. W. K. FINER CONDUCTS STUDY OF F. L STANTON. A study of the life and works of Frank L. Stanton, famous poet and humorist of the Atlanta Constitu tion, conducted by Rev. W. K. Finer, pastor, drew a capacity audience to the lecture room of the Methodist Kpiscopal church Friday evening. Mr. I'lner first read a brief paper on the life of Stanton, tracing his career from his service on the Sa vannah News with Joel Chandler Harris as his associate, through the editorship of the Smithville News to his connection with the Atlanta Constitution which has brought him world-wide fame. "Just Awearying For You," Stanton's well-known poem with music by Carrie Jacobs Bond, was suns by Mr. tS. N. Funk, accoiu paned by Mrs. Kuton, after which Mr. I'iner read the same poem with occasional apt comments. He then read the stanza embodying Stanton's philosophy which closes with (the words: "You get a thorn with every rose, But ain't the roses sweet?" A number of poems In negro dia lect were then read, among them, "The Way to the Melon Patch." meeting with cspciial favor, also "My Grandiuot Iter's Way," and "The love Wast at Wajvrcss." Mr. I'iner is a sympathetic and appreciative reader and is doing the conimuniiy a valuabe service in the presenting of these studios of Sou thern writers. MRS. GROOVER'S SISTER DIES AT WHITE SPRINGS The many friends of Mrs. W. R. Groover will be pained to learn of the death of her sister, Mrs. Wal dron, which occurred this morning at 6 a. in. at White Springs. Mrs. Groover was with her sister at the time of her death having been called there last Thursday. The funeral will occur at 10 o'clock to morrow morning. The Telegram joins Mrs. Groover's many friends in extending deepest sympathy In this time of great bereavement. Mr. F. M. Lanier, Polk's popular Tax Collector, came up today to vote in the municipal election. r A- is HI ltd i.! .'