Newspaper Page Text
and Evening Telegram UBLI6HEP IN THE BEST TOWN IN THE BEST PART OF ru 7f STATE BOOST REMEMBER THAT 8 AT AN STAYED IN HEAVEN UNTIL H E BEGAN TO KNOCK HIS HOME TOWN foLTJMI TO. LAKELAND FLORIDA, THURSDAY, JULY 11, 1918 No. 211 TJW ARE ADVANCING UNCHECKED IN ALBANIA: 15 MILES ON A HFTY IE FRONT VE ADVANCED 1 M IME ION IIIIEIHIt IESCH TAKE TOWN OF CORCY 1ND MAKE OTHER GAINS NEW IBERIAN GOVERNMENT WILL IEND TROOPS AGAINST THE (By Associated Press.) Washington, July 11. An official natch from Rome reports an un- jtked advance of the Italians in Al- tia, with Berat as their objective, m Voyusa the Italians have car- all positions to Semeni in their ance, which is approximately flf- l miles, over a fifty-mile front. Enemy Falling Back (By Associated Press.) kmdon, July 11. The Italian of feive in Albania continues to ad- ce, the enemy falling back on mbo river north of Berat, says a ne dispatch. Siberians to Go Agalst Germany (By Associated Press). bndon, July 11. The objects of new Siberian government Include repudiation of the Brest Lltovsk ity, the establishment of a Russian blic with autonomous Siberia, ac ting to a declaration by a member lie new government to a Vladivos- correspondent of a Japanese pa says a Tokio dispatch. Also it roposed to rehabilitate the army send troops against Germany. i Hlntze to Succeed Kuehlraann (By Associated Press. Be fall of Forelsm Seo.rptaxv Von Blmann. ar run zed bv German headquarters, is regarded In pany as the introduction of an Pan-German regime under the pi of military leaders, special fetches from Holland say. - It is jribed as the biggest of a series of German victories and Pan-Ger- papers do not disguise their de- over it. Reports of the appoint or Admiral Von Hlntie as for- secretary is accepted as final by German papers. GOOSEBERRY CROP OF ENGLAND AND WALES SHALL BE USED FOR ARMY JAM (By Associated Press.) London, July 9. An order ha3 been Issued that the whole gooseberry crop in England and Wales shall be used for army jam. French Take Corey (By Associated Press.) MlS, Julv 11 TVio Vi-onMi loot captured the town of Corey, in- In& the railway station and Cha- and farm of St. Paul and te the of Corey, on the front south of Soissons, the war office an- Ke- Bifty prisoners including when, long before midnight 15 AMERICAN OFFICERS GIVEN CROSSES Of BRAVER (By Associated Press.) Washington, July 11. Fifteen offi cers, men of infantry, were cited by Pershing in today's communique for gallantry, and were awarded distin guished service crosses. CAMP C01H ARE SATISFACTORY (By Associated Tress.) Washington, July 11. The weeklv army health report today says condi tions of the home camps continue sat isfactory; deaths this week being 112; last week, 81. CONTRAST OF WARTIME ENGLAND WITH LONDON AS DICKENS KNEW IT (By Associated Press.) London, July 11. An interesting contrast of wartime London today with the London as Dickens knew it, is drawn by the well-known writer, George R. Simms, in one of the daily papers. He has been wandering around the old familiar spots immor talized by the great novelist and he thought "of the happy days and nights of long-ago when Dickens found the Joy of life In every street and byway of the big city, and the feast and the wassail bowl were typical of the Mar rle England in which he lived." He compares them with "the days that are, when Britain Is fighting for her very existence as a nation, when the food of the people is strictly rationed, when the houses of cheer are closed during many hours of the day and curiew officer were taken. rings out and hushes the great city to silence." Entering the city from London bridge he steps into High street. There "a bulldog peers out from a narrow alley leading to an old-world slum. There isa wistful 'What-about- those-biscuits? look in the animal's BrWsh Improve Positions (By Associated Press.) Non, July li. The British im- a their positions last night south mne and east of Tillers-Breton- tne War Office annniinoea Th,i Ps bombarded British positions eves and I think of Bill Sikes and his f Amiens on both sides of th. frog, and I wonder if Nancy would have managed something ror. we faithful beast with tne of her cou pons. But the Nancy who passes me tndav wears Bill's regimental badge. He is doing a bit of good work lor a change, and doing it on the western front." Near the top of the street ne oee P e beginning of railways In I ornam a red necktie has been Pr uniform of trainmen and employes. The oblect was Lery railway servant might have Is something at hand to Imnro- Pt0 a dancer aton-i . uiL nir raid warning, and as m .. .. - m r,irhr He woula "I think re nf Paetn on a probably have been down the nearest tube, and the Artful Dodger and Char ley Bates, being 'physically unfit. a -v-,- u .., hoon w th him. Ana w jericans must economize or 'an ideal hunting ground the tube ou M be T.A.H1 . '. ..m nitrhtii would be for them. iof " " i - . I -e as not available. is shortage In wheat heef. and coal in the United States. is 250.000 IDE AUSTRIAN OSES Li RECENT DRV E (By Associated Press.) Italian Army Headauarters. Weil. nesday, July 11. Evidence secured irom Austrian prisoners indicates Austro-Hungarian losses during the lecent offensive were in the neighbor- nooa or 250,000. another year passes. a a , rrnllg along the street he no tices that conscription and war condi- t. S , v havoc with the Dick wraimw 4..f.iM. m. tvnes that until recently were to apned tVi. j..r innmi three. Pr tng taken from refriger- "By the entrance to the yard of he J a, j t.a rnntlnues, "where the NORTH IS WORRIED ABOUT NO COAL St. Petersburg, July 11. A. C. Cohn, representing the wholesale jewelry house of Cohn, Hahn & Newstedt, of Cincinnati, Ohio, is In St. Petersburg calling on the trade in his line. Mr. Cohn travels the territory all the way from Ohio to Florida and makes frequent trips north and east also. He says he finds trade better in Florida this year than for years past. He has been coming to St. Petersburg for nearly 10 years. The jewelry man also states that ORLANDO BOY KILLED UN ACTON WAS A MARINE (By Associated Press) Washington, July 11. The .Marine Corps casualty list contains 35 names. Killed in action, 13; died of wounds, 4 ; wounded severely, 18. Private Chas. A. O'Connor, of Orlando, Fla., was killed in action. Lieut. George H. Yarborough, of Mullins, S. C. died of wounds. he finds more people in the North are talking of coming to Florida this year than ever before. There is a general feeling of alarm in northern states over the prospect of coal short age this winter, he says, and this un easiness seems to be well-founded. Besides this he believes f'.at the in creased railroad rates and poor train service will discourage tourists from taking the long trip to California and cause them to chlose the shorter haul to Florida. 200 Men Have Bandits Spotted Who Held Up Express Train Last Night Near Paola, Kansas (By Associated Press.) Paola, Kan., July 11. A posse of two hundred men today are patrolling the banks of Marals de Cygne river, nere, awaiting a signal to rush a patch of woods in which it is believed are hiding a dozen men, who late laot night held up the southbound "Katy" passenger train Just south of Paola hot three persons, looted the express and mall cars and made their escape. Got Little Booty (By Associated Press.) Kansas City, July 11. The Ameri can Express Company officials said the robbers who held up a train near Paola obtained little money. They de clared fifty dollars' worth of Jewelry probably was the most valuable ship ment the car contained. (By Associated Press ) Toklo, July 5. Premier Count Te rauchl told the governors of the em pire in conference recently that Ja pan should not adopt all the new ideas now spreading from the West to East. The government, he said, is planning to cultivate among the people relig ious Yafth, national morals and thrift. Peanuts, like potatoes, grow under ground. When growing a short bush forms above the ground, and after flowering the branches bend down ward and enter the ground, and the nuts grow beneath the surface In clusters. In times of peace the finest poultry that France produces is that fed in the vineyards. Thousands Attended Funeral of Former Mayor Mitchel Today; Aviators Dropped Flowers On The Casket From Above (By Associated Press.) ' New York, July 11. The body of John Purroy Mitchel, in a flag-draped casket on which rested the cap he wore as major of aviation, was borne jthrough the streets today while tens of thousands watched in slleiit tribute. The bell of the City Hall was tolled as the casket was borne from the ro tunda and was placed on an artillery caisson and taken to the cathedral, thence to Woodlawn cemetery. Six air planes circled overhead and dropped flowers upon the casket. what the old lady thinks of airplanes and airmen, and as I glance up at the little windows let into the high prison wall, I wonder how the poor debtors would have felt on a Zeppelin night. "In Little Dorrlt's playground chil dren are still at play, but one of the little girls is being called home by her mother. The mother wears a uniform kwlth trousers to it. How Little Dor- 'rit would have stared to find a mother (in trousers in her playground! And iwhat would Maggie have said?" ' Nearby are two establishments that were familiar objects in Dickens' day. One Is a public-house and the other is a pawnshop. But though it is early in the afternoon the public-house is picturesque wooden galleries still re main to remind us of the old Pick wickian days, a couple of 'Waacs' fmembers of the Women s AuxiliarjW. ,Die 1 , . ... ... . .1(cl03ed. Before the war, the wr tor Army vui l-i n iv " Cross nurse. On the spot where Mr. Pickwick first met Sam Weller, two Australian soldiers are making an in quiry of a pretty postwoman. I won der what Mr. Pickwick would have thought of Australian soldiers at the door of his inn. And what would Sam have to say to the pretty postwoman? "I turn down a narrow passage af. the back of the old Marshalsea. Here are still some portions of the prison. At the door of one of the little houses that are faced by the walls of the old house of captivity where Mr. Dorrit Ipt a orlsoner for debt, a youth in tne uniform of the Royal Air Force is taurine to a gray-haired old lady, probably his grandmother. I wonder WHITE SOLDIER HANGED AT WACO I TEX. (By Associated Press.) Waco, Texas, July 11. Nat Hoff man, white, a soldier, was hanged early this morning at Camp McArthur. convicted of a criminal assault on a school girl last April. 68 Names Oa Casualty List (By Associated Press.) Washington, July 11. The Army casualty list contains 68 names: Killed in action, 5; died of wounds, 10; died of disease, 2; died of accident and other causes, 1. Wounded oevere- ly, 26; wounded slightly, 1; missing in action, 23. 'says, "this establishment was so lib-; erally patronized by the ladles of the neighborhood that the proprietor found it necessary to placard the win dows with a notice that no drink must be taken outside. That typical scene of Dickens Land in London has passed with the war, probably never to re turn." "The London that Dickens knew throbs now with the staid and sober note of good work and good will, good work for the war, and good will to win it." In one week the aircraft patrol round the British Isles flies 30,000 miles. BOMB DROPPING FROM AIRf 13 NOW DONE BY MACHINERY Missies Often Weigh 100 Pounds Three-Quarters of a Ton of Bombs Can Be Loosed In Two Seconds. London, July 11. Bomb-dropping is a branch of aerial warfare which by its very nature affects civilian life more than any other; yet little is known about it by civilians. Bombs in the early days of the war were dropped overboard by hand, but this was soon discarded as the weight of the bombs increased, and there arose the need for releasing them easily while the bomb dropper was scrutin izing his target. British bombing machines- now carry, say, sixteen bombs, weighing perhaps a 100-weight each as heavy very often, as the man who drops them. The bomb-dropper is some times eight or more feet from his bombs, which he often never sees. He kneels in his small "cockpit" on the extreme nose of the machine, a "bomb sight" in front of him a wooden lever at his side. With that wooden lever he can release his three quarters of a ton of bombs in two seconds if he wishes to, or he can drop them slowly one by one, across the factory or aerdrome which it Is his duty to bombard. It will be seen that with his faculties absorbed in obtaining the exact range with the bomb sight, directing the pilot's steer ing to the right or left with his hand in order to cross exactly over the objective, the actual releasing of the bombs must be as simple and as easy as posible. Bombs are usually dropped in a line, one after another, so as to In sure a greater proportiln falling up on the objective. If all are released at once there is a danger that hey all may fall slightly short of or be yond the objective. On moonlight nights the visibility is so good that not only can the bomber see the flash of his bursting bombs, but he can also distinctly see afterwards the clouds of smoke caused by each, and ran by this check his results. Bombs can, if necessary, be drop ped "safe" so that they will not ex plode even if they strike the ground with a great force. This is made pos sible by a steel safety pin which has to be drawn out before the bomb be comes "live." Aerial torpedoes are not used. The German bombs, being flsh-shaped, and in some instances being very long, have the appearanoe of torpedoes. Thus have risen the legends of the "torpedoes" being fired into one part of London, which the machine Is over another. This is not so. These lombs are dropped in the same way as the others. Various fuses are fitted on bombs tor different uses. If they are intend ed to kill men ,an Instantaneous fuse is used no that the bomb explodes im mediately on touching the ground, and the splinters scatter over a wide area like shrapnel. If they are in tended to damage buildings a "delay fupe" is fitted so that the bomb ex plodes a certain fraction of time after the Impact. This allows the bomb to penetrate Inside the building before bursting, and so the destruction is much greater. Similarly delay fuses are used for dropping on submarines, for even if the submarine itself is not struck the enormous displace ment of the water may save it in, or Jar iU plates so much that they let in water, and cause it to sink. MINES ARE HEMMING IN SUBMARINES. DECLARES 1 ERIC eras SlTiniARIJfES ARE NOW FEWER I!f NUMBER AND HAVE LESS FREE POM (By Associated Press.) London, July 11. Speaking in Lon don today, Sir Eric Geddes, first Lord of the Admiralty, said that mines are gradually hemming in submarines, which now have less freedom, and hs was glad to say there are fewer of them. DEPARTMENT OF CIVILIAN AF. FAIRS DOING WONDERFUL WORK Paris, July 11. Immensity of the work accomplished by the Depart ment of Civilian Affairs of the Amer ican Red Cross Is indicated by Its an nouncement that it assisted 240,496 civilians affected by the last German offensive. During the past month, the depart ment has employed a staff of 1,073 persons and maintained fifteen civil Ian hospitals with a total capacity of 1,686 beds. Thirty thousand Paris school chil dren have been given supplemental food such as special lunches, break fasts, etc. A hospital and four dis pensaries were opened during the month. Medical aid was given to 26,- 160 persons; 11,873 refugees were housed and 8,140 given employment During the first week of the May of fensive 35,000 refugees were fed in i-anteens established in the Paris stations. The following articles have been distributed through the agencies of the department, 177,876 garments; 22- 488 pairs of shoes; 48,280 piece of fur niture and household utensils; 55,464 articles of bedding and household lln rn; 58,488 yards of cloth; 167.704 pounds of food; 4,535 hospital sun- plies and 1,000 unclassified. 17,000 BANDITS OPER. ATING IN CHINA (By Associated Press.) Washington, July 10. Following: the recent capture of three American engineers by bandits in China, a cen sus of Chinese outlaws has been made, showing that in five provinces there are a total of 37,000 brigands. This total does not include the bandits of Mongolia, who are very numerous and have been extremely active this year, nor does it Include those of Honan, where the Americans were taken pris oners. Shantung leads the five Chinesa provinces In outlaw population, hav ing 19,000. Shensl has 7,000; Anhuel, 5,000; Hunan, 3,000, and Pukien. 3,000. The largest single band 1 In Shan tung, under the leadership of Pan -Yu-lln, who rules a veritable princi pality inhabited by 7,000 persons. Yu Shan-hei, whose followers number 6.000, is the chief rival of Fan Yu-lin. The daring of the brigands In Shantung recently becaume so open that the Tuchun of the province, Chang Hual-chin, asked permission to resign his command as leader of the army against the disaffected southern provinces, and return to his own state to restore order. Many of the band its are believed to be disbanded sol diers of Chang Hsun, who endeavored to restore the monarchy, but was de feated and took refuge in the Dutch legation at Peking. The Shantung bandits not long ago abducted three American missionaries and an American employe of the Brit ish-American tobacco company, but let them go after a brief captivity. O. A. Kyle, of Portland, Ore., and the two other engineers, captured In Ho nan, were not so fortunate, however. Besides losing all their personal property and J 12,000, they were car rying to pay off workmen er.ployed on a new railroad, they were kept many days, enduring the hardships of long marches and wretched surround ings. uw6i !