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The Lakeland evening telegram. (Lakeland, Fla.) 1911-1922, August 07, 1922, Image 2

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PAGE TWO
The Lakeland Evening Telegram
Published every afternoon • except Sunday) from the
Telegram Building, Lakeland, i'la. Entered in the post
office at Lakeland, Tla., as mail matter of the second
class.
By Harry Brown, Maynard C. Froemke and
Gerald Froemke.
BY MAIL ONLY
One Year ,TT. $6,00
Six Months 3.25
Three Months 1.75
THE LAK D NEWS
A weekly newspaper pivai resume of local matters,
crop conditions, county aff irs, etc., is published from
the Telegram office and sent anywhere in the United
States for $2.00 per year.
Member of the Associated Press.
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for re-publication of all news dispatches credited
to it or not otherwise credited in this paper and also
the local news published therein. All rights of re
publication of special dispatches herein are also re
served.
ABOUT DK. ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL
The press of the world is paying tribute to the
memory oi Dr. Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of
the telephone and in doing so an effort is being made to
correct some erroneous information as to the place of his
birth and just how the invention came into being. The
boys and girls of today will be able to tell their children
and their grandchildren that it was granted them to live
in the day of the great man who has done so much for
human kind and history ought to keep the record
straight. Dr. Bell was born in Edinburgh, Scotland,
and not in Canada as some newspapers have stated, the
date of his birth being March 3, 1947. His education
was obtained in Edinburgh and London and he held
honorary degrees in many universities in Europe, the
United States and Canada. He came to Canada to
live in the year 1870 but soon thereafter was appointed
professor of vocal physiology at Boston University. In
a conversation some seven or eight years ago with a
friend in Washington, Dr. Bell stated that at the time
he discovered the telephone he was studying telegraphy
and learning to be a telegraph operator. "After I heard
a human voice over an electric wire I had no use for
the telegraph,” he said, "and my study ceased right
v there.”
“When I went from Boston to Brantford, Ontario,
in the summer of 1874, said Dr. Bell, I had under
way two distinct lines of investigation. On the one
hand was my system pf multiple-telegraphy. I had
reached the application of the undulatory current, the
conception that if you could move an armature as the
air is moved during the passage cf a sound, you could
transmit speech.
“On the other hand, I had with me an apparatus
made out of a dead man’sfear for studying the move
ments of the air during the utterance of a sound. The
membrane of the ear was like a piece of tissue paper,
hardly the size of a finger nail, and the bones that were
moved by that little membrane were really very heavy
and massive compared with it. It suddenly struck me
that if such a small membrane as that would move bones
so massive in comparison, why would not a large mem
brane move any piece of iron ? And at that moment
the telephone was born complete as a theoretical propo
sition, and in Brantford. The next year, in Boston,
Dr. Bell’s first telephone was made.
It was in August, 1876. that the Dominion Telegraph
Company leaned their wires to Bell for the experiment
at Brantford, which rc ,( e ’ in the first long-distance
transmission of speech by -e. The transmitting in
strument was in Paris, Oil tin , the receiving instrument
in Brantford, eight miles away, and the battery on tire
circuit in Toronto, 60 miles distant.
"The transmission went only one way. Dr. Bell has
explained, "but on this occasion speech was transmitted
at a distance of several miles. The person at tire other
end could not reply, but had to telegraph back by an
other wire. But by the end cf August, 1876. quite a
number of experiments that attracted attention were
made on the wires of the Dominion Telegraph Company.
There was one experiment betrveeh Brantford and Mount
Pleasant, a distance of five miles, and then I gave an ex
hibition frem my father's house at a country place four
or five miles from Brantford, known as Tutela Heights.
It was about a quarter mile from the house to the nearest
telegraph wire. We cleaned the town out of stove pipe
wire, and placed it on the fence from my father’s house
and then attached it to the telegraph wire leading into
Brantford. Then I had seme friends in Brantford who
spoke, sang and recited into the membrane telephone
while a large number of guests at my father’s house at
Tutela Heights listened to the transmission.
“So these experiments at Brantford were the first ex
periments that were really succssful in transmitting speech
from one place to another at a distance, but they were
all one-sided, not reciprocal.
“The first reciprocal communication occurred after my
return to Boston in October, 1876."
It was during the year 1876, the Centennial year at
Philadelphia, that Dr. Bell placed on display his new
invention. Nobody took any interest in the small booth
where the instruments were displayed, people not even
stopping to investigate so mat Dr. Bell might be able to
interest capital in the promotion of his discovery. Finally
some prominent financiers were induced to come to the
booth where some of their number consented to put a part
of the strange looking instrument to their ear. Away
at the far end of the building Dr. Bell's assistant spoke
into what was the telephone. “It, talks 1” was the ex-
clamation of the skeptical group of men. From that time
on ample finances were forthcoming.
WhenjDr. Bell’s telephone came on the market there
were several rivals to the claim of having invented this
revolutionary device, probably that invention of the 19th
century which most arrested popular attention. While
the Dominion Telegraph Company established exchanges
all over Canada, using the Bell instruments, the Montreal
Telegraph Cos. and Westerly Union were promoting the
Edison telephone and there were rival exchanges in every
city 6f any size throughou the country.
But the principal contest was with Elisha Gray, who
claimed priority of invention, and the legal fight ran
through the courts for several years. Finally the United
States courts decided that Dr. Bell was entitled to an
absolute monopoly and for a long time subsequent to
1880 only instruments of the Bell type were in use.
The early lines were of iron wire, grounded at both
ends, and conversation was often hampered by the in
duction from parallel power circuits. But within tftp
years came copper wires, metallic circuits and the score of
improvements which have made the telephone the popular
institution it has become in America and throughout the
world.
SETTING A GOOD EXAMPLE
No sooner did the Bartow Kiwanis Club announce
its intention of standing the expense of the beautification
of one mile of Polk county highway than along come3
the Bartow Chamber of Commerce with a like proposi
tion. If a few more public spirited organizations in Polk
county will follow the example of the Bartow folks it will
not be long until a general plan of beautification will
be in evidence. But seriously, the start to be made is
worthy of special praise as affording a practical demon
stration of what it means to have attractive highways.
But any general county-wide plan ought to be handled
by the representatives of all the people, the board of
county commissioners and the expense be borne by the
county.
THE EVIL OF HASTE
Much is being written and printed about the school
boy who committed suicide in New York because he
had failed in his examinations and had reached the con
clusion that he was of no account and never would be
any good in the world. Viewed at this distance, it seems
that he ought to have been thoughtful and tactful enough
to allow others to pass judgment on his qualifications and
to at least have permitted someone else to say if there
was the "makins” of a man in him. It is surprising what
a lot can be done with poor material in these days of wel
fare and community work.
HOW OTHERS VIEW IT
(Ocala Star.)
A few weeks ago we read in the Tampa payers that
Lakeland municipal water and electric plant was los
ing money and that because of this the city might
contract with a Tampa power company to furnish elec
tric current. Evidently this propaganda failed to con
vince the Lakeland people, for they not only turned
down the Tampa concern's proposition hut decided to
enlarge their own plant considerably, it being stated
that the Lakeland plant is not only paying its way hut
earns enough to provide for extensions and additional
equipment. Each year sees more municipally owned
and less privately owned electric plants, in spite of the
power companies' efforts to coifvince the public that
all public plants are only expensive fizzles. —PuntaVGor-
da Herald.
The Herald is correct. If a plant will make money
for a private concern, it will make it for the public.
All the people have to do is to elect honest and com
petent men to office.
THE IDEA IS SPREADING
(Sanford Herald.)
Orange county is going in for beautification of the
county highways—something that Seminole county will
have to take up as soon as the roads have been fin
ished. It would he well to find out how wide the new
roads .' ill he and let the tree planting go forward next
spiing and summer and have much of it started before
the siats road department takes over the Sanford-Or
l.Mdo-HeLand roadway. There is nothing like Florida
scenery. along the roadways to interest the winter
visitors. And the best of ail the shady roads are
enjoyed by home folks in the good old summer time.
' ~
1" 1 ’
\
Rippling Rhymes
Bji WALT MASON.
I—
BEDTIME STORY
"Oh, granddad, ere we hit the hay, tell us a tale,”
said little Jay. And Peterkin and Abigail insisted that
1 tell a tale. “Today,” I said, “you had a trip in my
new car, and saw it zip at giddy speed along the lea,
until a peed cop climbed on ‘me. But you'r so used to
wondrous tilings, you calloused modern kids, by jings,
the finest car that ever was can’t move you to a mild
applause. When I was young, aged six or five, my
granddad took incfor a drive; he doubtless hoped I
might indorse the animal he called a horse; It was a
tall, ungainly beast, and had four shambling legs, at
least; it had no place for oil and gas, but burned up
oats and hay and grass; and when all sweated up and
warm, it drew the flies, in mighty swarm, and it grew
rather peeved thereat, and kicked a hole, through
granddad's hat. It put in all its pep and power, and
took us seven miles an hour," "It's seventy no doubt
you mean,” said Peterkin; “you’re off your bean.”
"•‘Twas seven miles an hour, by gum; we thought that
we were going some; and granddad, he looked down at
me, and I looked up to him in glee; 'Now, this is
speed!' I heard him call —” “Your story is no good at
all.” said Peterkin add little Jay; “we don't belieye
a word you say; a man might drive a horse, indeed,
but who would say a word of speed when hitting up so
punk a gait? We'll go to bed; it’s getting late."
(Copyright, 1922, George Matthews Adams.)
LAKELAND EVENING TELEGRAM, MONDAY, AUGUST 7. 1922
For The Information of the Public and the Officers
' t
and Employes of The Atlantic Coast Line Railroad
* /
The President of the United States requested that a meeting be held of. the Association of Railway Executives to receive and con
sider a communication from him relative to the shopmen’s strike This meeting was held in New York on August
The full text of the communication from the President of the United States as presented to the conference of Railway Executives
is quoted herein, and also ihe reply made by the Association of Railway Executives in the form of a resolution unanimously
adopted by representatives of more than 140 of the 148 principal railways in the United States, which was sent by telegraph to
the White House the same night: , _
THE WHITE HOUSE, WASHINGTON, JULY 31, 1922.
MY DEAR MR. CUYLER:
I am writing to convey to you the terms of agreement, as 1 under
stand them, upon which the railway managers and united shoperaft
workers are to agree, primarily to calling off the existing strike.
First—Railway managers and workmen are to agree to recognize
the validity of all decisions of the Railroad Labor Board, and to
faithfully carry out such decisions as contemplated by the law.
Second—The carriers will withdraw ail lawsuits growing out of
the strike, and Railroad Labor Board decisions which have been
involved in the strike may be taken, in the exercise of recognized
rights by either party, to the Railroad Labor Board for rehearing.
Third—All employes now on to be returned to work and to
their former positions with seniority and other rights unimpaired.
The representatives of the carriers and the representatives of the
organizations especially agree that there will be no discrimination
by either party against the employes who did or did not strike.
In view of the things said in our personal interview, it is hardly
necessary for me to emphasize my belief in the wisdom cf the rail
way managers accepting this compromise in order to bring the strike
to an end. I have made ti very full appraisal of all the embarrass
ments involved in making the seniority restoration- It has seemed
to me that the proposition that the order of things on the day the
strike began be restored, and that both employers and workers agree
against discrimination toward either those who struck or did not
strike, will leave to the managers only the difficult problem of deal
ing with the new men employed. It would be futile for me to at
tempt to point the way of most easily solving that difficulty. I
ASSOCIATION OF RAILWAY EXECUTIVES, 61 BROADWAY, NEW
YORK.
RESOLVED. (1). That we accept the first recommendation of the
PfesidentDreading as follows:
First—Railway managers and workmen are to agree to recognize
the validity of all decisions of the Railroad Labor Board, and to faith
fully carry out such decisions as contemplated by the law,
with the understanding that this is not intended to- preclude any
party to the controversy from proceeding by legal action to question
the validity of any order of the board ,cn the ground that jurisdic
tion and authority to make the order was not conferred 'by the
statutes creating the board and defining its authority.
(2) That we accept the second proposal of the President, reading
as follows:
Second—.the carriers will withdraw all lawsuits growing out of
the strike and Railroad Labor Board decisions which have been
involved in the strike may be taken, in the exercise of recognized
rights by either party, to the Railroad Labor Ijoard for rehearing,
with the understanding that the strike is first called off, and the
representatives of the strikers pledge themselves and the strikers
against violence in any form against the men now at work and the
property af the carriers, since otherwise it would be impossible to
consider Ihe dismissal of injunctions and other legal measures
necessary to protect persons and property from the violence
and intimidation of the character _resorted to in many localities
since the Btrlke was called.
(3) That it is impossible to agree to the first sentence of the
Third proposal of the President, the whole of which reads as follows;
Third—All employes now on strike to be returned to work and to
their former positions with seniority and other rights unimpaired.
The representatives cf the carriers and the representatives of the
organizations especially agree that there will be no discrimination by
Either party against the employes who did or did not strike.
Ihe railroad executives and managers agree entirely with the
President’s statement in his letter that ''it Is, wholly unthinkable
that the Railroad Labor Board can be made a useful agency o-f the
government in maintaining industrial peace in the railway service
unless and workers are both prompt and unquestioning
in their acceptance of its decisions. I think it is more desirable
than I know hew to express to have established the unchallenged
authority of the Railroad Labor Board, because we must do those
things which are necessary to bring about the recognition of suit
ably authority to decide and end such disputes as menace the con
tinuity of transportation.’’
By this language the President has expressed with great force and
clearness the policy which we advocate. But the decisions of the
Railroad Labor Board were flouted and defied by the six organi
zations comprising the Federated Shop Crafts; the strike was called
to take effect July 1, 1022, and even the summons of the board to
appear with the railroad executives before the Labor Board, after
the strike was called and before it took effect, was contemptously
ignored by the leaders of the strikers, who refused to attend the
hearing. Thereupon it became the plain duty of the railroads
actively and vigorously to undertake to uphold the orderly prbceSses
foi‘ the adjustment of industrial disputes contemplated by the statute
creating Ihe Labor Board, and represented by the decisions of that
board against which the strike in question was directed, and at the
same time continue to the best iof their ability to discharge their duty
to the public as common carriers-
Many mail in the service refused to join the strike and in so doing
were assured of the spnority rights accruing to them and of the
permanence of their positions. On some important lines 50 per
cent or more refused to join the strike. To these old loyal employes
have been added thousands of new meh who were employed and
could be secured only upon a definite promise that their services
wouid be retained regardless of the settlement of the strike, with
all thfe rights appertaining to such employment. Including that of
seniority under the working rules and regulations previously ap
proved by the Railroad Labor Board. We especially point out that a
refusal to the old men who remained in the service and to the
new men who accepted service of the rights of seniority incident
to their employment would have just the opposite effect to that
desired by the President, and would most seriously discredit the
Labor Board. , The board itself prescribed the rules of seniority un
der which the men referred to have secured their seniority rights, and
This Company subscribed to the resolution of the Association of Railway Executives. Its position on the question of seniority
had already been announced substantially as therein shown. It will continue to make every effort to maintain uninterrupted
servicejo the public. Forces have already been recruited to nearly 50 per cent of the number of shop employes that were in
service when the strike occurred on July 1 st. Other new employes are being added to this force daily. Permanent employment
is offered to all qualified applicants who are accepted.
o *. \ \ .
I. • •
• - % /
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Company
THE PRESIDENT’S LETTER
THE RAILWAY EXECUTIVES’ REPLY
have only attempted to appraise the situation from the larger
viewpoint. It seems to me that such a settlement brings, first of
all, the restoration to normal operations in transportation for which
the country is calling. In the second place, it establishes defi
nitely the full recognition of the Railroad Labor Board J>y all
parties concerned. I have not specifically stated it in the terms of
settlement, but, of course, the abandonment of the contract system
in accordance with the (decision of the hoard, is to be expected on
the part of all railroads. It is wholly unthinkable that the Railroad
Labor Board can be made a useful agency of the Government in
maintaining,industrial peace in the railway service unless employers
and workers’ are both prompt and unquestioning in their acceptance
of its decisions. I think it is more desirable than I know how to
express to have established the unchallenged authority of the Rail
road Labor Board, because we must do those things which are
necessary to bring about the recognition of suitable authority to
decide and end such disputes as menace the continuity of transporta
tion.
You are at liberty to present the situation as I have outlined
it to you, and I hope you will convey to the members my deep con- „
viction that this dispute must be brought to an early termination.
I need hardly add that I have reason 'to believe these terms will
be accepted by the workers. If there is good reason why the man
agers cannot accept, they will be obligated to open direct negotia
tions or assume full responsibility for the situation. With very best
regards, I aip, truly yours, WARHEN G. HARDING.
Colonel T. DeWitt Cuyler, Chairman, Association of Railway Execu
tives, Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, New York City, N. Y.
the railroad companies have neither the legal nor moral right to
deprive these men of those rights. By public utterances since the
strike began the board has recognized and emphasized these rights,
and to deny them now would, instead of upholding the authority of
the Labor Board, .overthrow its rules and discredit its authority.
The Chairman of the Labor Board at the time the strike wa% called
made the following public statement:
"Updn one question the striking employes should not be deceived.
Their leader has said that the strikers are no longer employes of the
railways, and they have thus automatically abandoned all the rights
they possess under -their agreements and under the decisions of
the board, including their senority. This is not the board’s action.
It is their own. „ - •.
“Many carriers are giving their former employes the .opportunity.;
to re-enter the service within a limited time. It must be under- -
stood now that men who remained In the service and those who are
pow entering it will have rights of seniority that the board could not
Ignore.” t
The Chairman of the Board's statement that “this is an individual
utterance,,but it expresses, in substance, the sentiments of a largd
majority of the members of the Railroad Labor Board," was justified
by formal action of the board taken ip its resolution of July' 2, 1922,
which stated, among other things, as follows:
Be it further resolved, That the employes remaining in the service
and the new ones entering same, be accorded the application and
benefit of,the outstanding wage and rule decisions of the Railroad
Labor Board, until they are amended .or modified by agreements
with said employes, arrived at in conformity with the (Transportation
Act, or by decision of this Board, and
Be It further resolved, That, if it be assumed that the employes
who leave the service of the carrier because of their dissatisfaction
with any decision of the Labor Board are within their rights in
so doing, it must likewise be conceded that the men who remain
in the service and those who enter it anew are within their rights in
accepting such employment; that they arc not strikebreakers seek
ing to impose the arbitrary will of an employer on employes; that
they have the moral as well as the legal right to engage in such
service of the American public to avoid interruption of Indispensable
railway transportation, and that they are entitled to the protec
tion of every department and branch of the Government, State and
National.
It must be understood that any proposal that employes now on
strike shall be permitted of return to the service, without impairment
to their seniority, is merely another way of suggesting that those
men who took employment in this crisis in good faith, relying on
the promise of the railroad to protect them in their positions, these
promises being justified by the authoritative utterances of the Labor
Board, an<| thus have made possible the continued operation of the
railroads, now be sacrificed in favor of men now on strike,
who not brought about the crisis, but, by their own action and
declaration, are no longer employes of the railways under the
jurisdiction of the United States Railroad Labor Board, or subject
to the application of the Transportaton Act.
In addition to the necessity of upholding the Labor Board, and
maintaining the pledges made by the railroads to the men now at
work, there is the practical effect on the supervisory officers of a
violation of the pledges they were authorized to mqke. Their dis
couragement and demoralization would be far more disastrous than '
this or any other strike. Much harm has already been done by
repeated publication of rumors in, recent days that the loyal men
and the new men are to be sacrificed to the strikers. This has dis
couraged new men from accepting employment in as great numbers
as would come forward It certain that the pledges given would be
fulfilled. Such published rumors only delay the complete collapse
of the strike.
In view of the above, it is submitted that the striking former em
ployes cannot be given preference to employes at present in the
service without doing violence to every principle of right and
justice Involved in this matter and without the grossest breach of
faith on the part of the railroads to the men at present in their
service. Under these circumstances, it' tyecomes apparent that the
railroads cannot consider any settlement of the present strike which
does not provide protection in their present employment both to the
loyal employes who remained in the service and to the new em
ployee entering it
• *" /

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