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FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1914
THE PALATKA NEWS, PALaTKA, FLA. PAGE 3. Great Armies In Titanic Struggle Battle in Northern Frr.ca Undecided TERRIBLE ARTILLERY DUE! Strongly Entrenched the Two Area. Armies Engage in the Pierces. I'ighting of the Present Terribi: European Conflict. One of the fiercest buttles of a' times, which has been raging :(ci": null licrn France for a week past wi.. first a slight advantage on one si and then on the oilier, ri mains nn decided. The two great nrmies whi kuv. lieen lighting for a inoiiil:. '.'Mi r -w if anv, Intermissions, have du .selves into eniioiiolnnonts mi anil lnoiuuiiln ranges ou a reach fiom the d'se io il:o . anil tl.inee southeastward nlmi II: I'ralico-Goiinan frontier. Artillery iluels s'.ieh as never ln-fop have lieen seen are being carried o: with the hope of coi.ip'dliug tl: evacuation of the strongly In lil m! turns with occasional success' s ti the opposing sides, while tlie infantry in the face of a galling fire, liavi charged right up to the guns, only to make their opponents give waj slightly, or to be repulsed with grcn losses. Fighting has been fiercest on the allies' left, which lies on the riglu bank of tlie river Oise. in the vlciultv of Rheims, the famous cathedral of which has been set a lire by (ierinai' shells and between that town anl the Argonnc ridge It has been giv, and take all the time. French ofllelnl reports again clnbi slight progrtss on the French left anl that the allies again have repuls( I strong frontal attacks between Crn onne ami liiieims. Around Bin inis itself matters huvi' been about eiUalized. as the (ier inans have recaptured the heights o Itriinont. while Hie French have take' tlie defenses of I. a Pompolle. The French also have scored a sue fess between Uhcims and the Ar ironne. CATHEDRAL RUINED Celebrated Edifice at Rheims Reported Destroyed The minister of tlie interior. I.oui .T. Malyy, announced from Hordcuir that the famous eat liedral of Rhciins had been destroyed and other histnrn and public buildings either laid in ruins or seriously damaged by Gcr nian arillcry. If the reported destruction of tin rnthcdral of Hheinis is true, it is tin greatest loss from an historical ami artistic sense of the present war. Begun on the site of an earlier church erected by Robert Pe Couroy. In 1212. and continued at intervals down to the fifteenth century, it lias been described as "the most perfect ex ample In grandeur and grace of Gothic style in existence." It was in the (ait liedral of Iiheims that the successive kings of Franc from I'lillip II. to Charles X. were crowned, and it was there tlie Maid nf Orleans stood, baifner in hand, be fore the great altar and saw thr coronation of Charles VII.. which marked tlie fullil'mi'i' o" her vision. ALMOST BLOTTED OUT Famous Prussian Guards, the Emperor's Pride, Sacrificed The Paris correspondent of the London Exchange Telegraph compii uy h.v : "All accounts received in Purls agree that the famous Prussian guards corps, the elite f the eiuplr and the especial pride of tht German emperor, has beeu virtually blottad out iu the battle waged along the Meuse, Marue and Aisnt rivers." Take HERBINE for all disturban ces in the bowels. It purifies the bowel channels, promotes regular movements and makes you feel bright vigorous and cheerful. Price 60c. Sold by Ackerman-Stewart Drug Co. Some chaps are cheerful all the while, No matter what they're doing; And some there are will even smile When they know trouble's brewing. HELPLESS AS BABY Down in Mind Unable to Work, and What Helped Her. Summit Point, V. Va. Mis. Anna Belle bmey, of this place, says: "l suf fered for la years with an awful pain in my right side, caused from womanly trouble, and doctored lots for it, but with out success. 1 suffered so very much, that 1 became down in mind, and as help less as a baby. 1 was in the worst kind of shape. Was unable to do any work I began taking Cardui, the woman's tonic, and got relief from the very first dose. By tlie time I had taken 12 bot tles, mv health was completely restored. I am now 48 years years old, but feel as good as 1 did when only 10. Cardui certainly saved me from losing my mind, and I feel it my duly to speak in its tavor. i wisn i naa some power over poor, suffering women, and could make them know the good it would do went. If you suffer from any of the ailments peculiar to women, it will certainly be worth your while to give Cardui a trial. It has been helping weak women foe more than 50 years, and will help you, too. Try Cardui. Your druggist sells it. If'rjfr t: Ch&ttanoora Medicin Co.. Ladies' Aamory Dept.. Chananoogft. Tenn., tor 2ttmt hrfmrfwM on four case and 64 -paga book, noma inBaxmani lor woman." ut DiainwraoDar. H.l. mi Germany's Eig Gnus, Engines of Destruction, New Features In Warfare ONE of the outstanding develop ments of the great war in Eu rope is the terrible elliclency of the German artillery. Ob the stubborn battlefields of Mons and during the continuous 'ear guard light ing of the retreat to I.a Fere the tier man artillery was up at the front harassing the forces of the allies at ev ery stand. The Germans first developed the idea of massing their artillery close to tlie front, where it could get into action early and hy its sheds cut up III enemy's troops so as to shale thei.' morale and thus malic easier the suc cess of the German attacking infantry columns. Artillery had been considered a cum bersome, .slow moving weapon, of great value in battle, but so defense less against nn enemy's surprise attack that large bodies of infantry culled sup porting troops were always attached to the artillery to protect It. Similarly to guard against surprise it was placed well to the rear of the columns when inarching. The Germans in 1S70 brought for ward the new tactics of shoving the artillery up to the front, even at risk of surprise and capture, and thus they gained the advantage of a powerful artillery fire on the enemy while the latter was waiting for Ills artillery to come up. After a long series of tests Germany in 1S90 adopted the revolutionary ex pedient of building the gun loose from the carriage so that on firing the gun recoils without dragging the carriage with it. In HHK1 It adopted n still further Improved gun which allows a longer recoil. Every effort hail been made to keep secret the details of its construction, hut they gradually leaked out. Kruno adopted this general type In 18!7 and the United States In 1W2. All the nations of the world have now armed their artillery with this long recoil gun. Each country has also in vented various modifications to im prove the service of the gun. The big Improvement of our day Is that, instead of being made fast to Its carriage by the trunnions that permit only a swinging up or down in eleva tion, the gun now rests freely In a trough, called the cradle, that guides the gun In Its sixtv Inch recoil. In few Bl'EC'IMUN OF HEAVY OEUMAN AHTILLEUY. hold the gun to the guides it has clips near the front end, and at the rear, or breech, it has n lug to which Is at tached a buffer to stop the recoil. The general technique of the artil lery service in battle is not to delay to get the exact range of the target: the enemy exposes himself too brief a time to permit this. The method is to fire at ranges changed by 2(10 yards each time until one shot falls short and one goes over. Then the inter vening ground is swept by a Btorm of bullets, delivered by tiring eighteen shrapnel aimed to cover tlie district on each side of, beyond nud short of the estimated range. In this way quick results are obtained, though at large expenditure of ammunition. So great has been the Improvement In artillery file that the present guns can entirely destroy any body of men that Is reached by their fire. Security is obtained only by concealment. Even the opposing guns must be concealed behind hills or grooves and are di rected on the enemy by being Mined ut a given angle with some definite visible object. This requires a special sight mid a rapid determination of the necessary angle, making the artillery a very technical branch of the service. Tlie greatest sur; rise to militarj men of the world has been tlie rapid success of the Germans in capturing the forts of Liege. Xnrmr and Long wy by means of their heavy artillery These were constructed at great ex pense and were provided with every known device for strengthening the defense. Infantry assaults resulted In terrible slaughter without effect. The Immense shell !!r:d by Germany s heaviest guns weighs TUtl pounds' and carries a charge of high explosives that blasts out an enormous hole. Well aimed, the fire of these guns will re duee any fort to ruins. The field grn shell is a pointed oyllii der three lie lies in diameter and nine inches Ions, total woi'.'ht fifteen pounds, filled wit a powder charge that when exploded will blow a hole 111 an ene my's parapet and will semi the frag menis of the steel shell dying In every direction. The projectile used against men and nub ia's Is the shrapnel, which is n shell filled wUh balls that on ex plosion send a shower of bullets over ti p tro-'tis within range. It's as difficult for some women to get their hats on in the evening as it is for some men to get theirs on the next morning. v "( 1 ; aw IF a man of striking appearance passes by your place only at long intervals, you would scarcely recollect his features from time to time. If a person of ordinary appearance passes regularly for a short time, his face becomes firmly fixed in your mind. The merchant who will advertise regularly, even if only in a small space will be surprised to see how the public will look for him in his regular position, and be disappointed if he fails to appear. The familiar name in the business news is greeted with as much pleasure as the familiar face that you meet on the street. Once interest is created by a man's methods of ad vertising, readers turn to it as to a serial story. Nothing affects the mind like repetition. Constant drop ping wears away the stone that is not affected by the single hard shower. QUEER BEDFELLOWS IN F politics makes queer bedfellows so does war, or at least this may he said of the present war, where especially among the armies of the allies some queer bedfellows indeed have come together. Think, for In stance, of Turkos from Algeria, and Indian soldiers and Walloons from llel giuni. and Cossacks from Itussia, to mention no other heterogeneous ele ments, all fighting in a common cause. Indeed, the army of the allies Is a re markalile melting pot. The Turkos and other black and yel low regular troops of France have been brought over in numbers from Algeria mil Senegal, French possessions in Africa, to tight against normally. And France lias great numbers ot tliese regular troops In her African posses sions that slie can call upon. the Turkos, native Algerian troops, made their first appearance in the war in the lighting about Muelhausen. And so the French black soldier is once more at grips with the white Herman regular. Four ami forty years ive passed since they met on the field of battle on French soil. Then it wa- hat the Turkos. in the Franco-l'russiaii war, drove back the (.Ionium infanlr.i villi heavy loss at the battle of Weis .enliurg on Aug. 4. 1STH. while again. two days laler, the Turkos. together! tvith the spahis, more of France's colored troops from Algeria, under (ieiicral MaoMahon. cut and hacked1 heir way through the solid Herman ranks at the bloody battle of Woerth Since the present war with Cerinanv oniineiiced the war ollit e at Paris lias icen advised that literally hundreds of thousands' of French black and yellow subjects In the various French posses Muus in Africa and elsewhere, many f them already trained soldiers and others who have in them the making of excellent fighting men, are almost be side themselves in their anxiety to go to France to light the common enemy What of the extent of this present and latent force upon which France may draw for military support? In Algeria alone the French native population of black and yellow people Is 4,430,000, according to official statis tics. In the Algerian Sahara there are said to be 50,000: In Tunis, 1.500,000; Sahara region. 2.500,000; Senegal, 3.500.000; Mihaty territories, 4.000,000; French Gubiea, 2,200,000; Ivory Coast, 2,500,000; Dahomey, 1,000.000; Kongo. 8.000.000; Somali const and dependen cies, 200.000; Reunion, 173.200; Comoro Isles, 53,000; Nossl Bey, 9.500; St Marie. 7.G70. and in Madagascar, 2.500.- 000, making a total of 32.G35.p00, rhoto by American Presm A-.h'IuUoii BrallXENT OP Tl IlKOS. f l ',? ' I ' it ' f Continuity" In Advertising ARMY OF ALLIES Melting Pot of Nationali ties Turkos, Gurkhas, Cossacks and Walloons Are Blended. Photo by American Press Association. INDIAN CAVALRY. In Algeria, in Morocco, in Timbuktu, in Imlionicy and on the Ivory Coast, on the Barbary coast, in Tunis. Sene gal and ill many other places iu Africa the French native soldier has shuwu that in many ways he is fully equal to the white soldier. There they have served and are today serving as Tur kos, tirailleurs, spahis, foot and horse and ulso us artillerymen. England, too, can swell the allied armies with great numbers of dark skinned soldiers, fit comiyJiPs on the firing line with France's Turkos and spahis. Among tlie most interesting as well as the most formidable fight ing outfits in the Indian army are the Gurkhas. There are ten regiments of Gurkha ritles. These little fighters. who come from the region of Nepal and who trace their descent from the Knjputs, would rather light than eat. In appearance the Gurkhas are deceiv ing. They are short, stocky little men of somewhat the appearance of the Japanese, although a little heavier And they wear perpetual grins on their faces. The grin does not come off when they go Into a fight The Gurkhas were conquered by the British in 1S14 after years of fighting and have become loyal subjects of England. When the Gurkha regiments were first made part of the Indian army they did not seem to take well to organized methods of warfare It was not until the army authorities al lowed them to make their national weapon, the kukri, part of their equip ment that they regained their fame as lighters. Their instructors never could make them use the bayonet. The ku Url is a long, heavy curved knife. In close quarters the Gurkha throws way his ril'.e and takes to the kukri, w'. i li he uses with lolling effect. When har. eil by cavalry the Gurkhas stand p :r '1 ti e i t the horsemen until they tv 'vi !, a saboMiig distance, when the natives fall. As the charging horse men pass over tlieni the little warriors are up and Hamstringing (tie noises or clinging to the saddles and stabbing the riders. This met boil of lighting Is not un like that of the Turkos of the French army, wjio also "play possum" when charged by a heavnr enemy, only to rise and take the attackers from the rear as soon as they have passed over f? them. Neither Gurkhas nor Turkos. however, do much defensive fighting except against cavalry, for they are usually leading any charge that may be taking place in their vicinity. England, if necessary, can pour Into France from India 235.000 trained men. of which 75.000 are liritish troops, in cluding some of the crack regiments of the royal army, and the 100.(100 re mnining are tlie fighting native troops of the Indian army. Besides these reg ular troops of the Indian nriny the in dependent Indian rajahs have troops of their own. which they have offered with enthusiasm for service with the British expeditionary army. ltussia's most picturesque force mid one that Is perhaps the most efficient of its class in the wrld is the Cossack cavalry. For hundreds of years these superb horsemen, trained from child hood to feats of remarkable skill, have been famous for their courage and for daring raids against the enemy. The czar lias ljio.ooo of these cavalrymen, and so far in this war they have more than lived up to their legendary repu tation. Belgium's most famous soldiers are drawn from the Walloons of Wal loonia. of which Liege is tlie capital, in southern Belgium. These Walloons are descendants of the Belgii. the men who so bravely faced the legions of Home under Julius Caesar The Fleni lugs In the north are emigrants from German states, but the Walloons are in digenous, natives of the soil they are defending today as In the long, long past. The Walloon has been a strik ing figure In scores of wars in which his courage has shone, but perhaps he has made no more splendid exhibition of valor than In his brave defense of Liege. Prince of Wales Kept From War. The Prince of Wales was anxious to go to the front, according to a statement issued ia Lauvatn by the official press bureau, and tried to get Lord Kitchener' consent to do so. But as he had not completed his mil itary training Lord Kitchener sub mitted to the king "that far the pres ent it it undesirable that bit royal highness should procted on aetrrt service." Germans Driven Out BelfUn Congo, Germaa soldiers who attempted to invade the Belgian Congo have been defeated and driven back into their own country. The East African monated ritles were seut to the Bel gian territory when the Germans crossed the border and defeated the invaders at Kishl. af u Av ,v w rhoto by American Tress Association. WAXLOOH SOLDIERS. V s. Tl Russians Check German Advance Czar's Armies AreBeginning To Control The Situation In East Prussia BATTLE OF THE Continued in France Between Ger mans ar.J Allied Armies for Ten Days For ten days the armies of Germany and the allied armies of Great Britain and France have been struggling against each other iu the northern part of France with no definite results. The Germans are strongly entrenched in the mountains in the region of the Noyon, northwest of Paris. Their bat tle line extends to the river Meuse, north .of the Verdun. Reinforcements, probably from Lorraine, have greatly strengthened their ranks In Galicia tlie Russians have checked the armies of Germany. They have also begun an assault on the fort at Praemsyl, the last stronghold of the Austrians in Ga licia. The Japanese armies marching on Kiao-Chow, a fortified city of the German possessions in China, have met and defeated a detachment of the Germany army In China. Allies Win Battle of Marne. When the German armies invaded France from Belgium they swept the allies before them and pushed steadily forward until they were almost under the walls of Paris. Then the tide of the battle turned. The allies were the pursuers and the Germans the pursued. This was known as the battle of the Marne. The battle ended when the Germans had been driven north of tlie Aisne river and the allies were the victors. Three Million Men Engaged. It ie predicted that the battle of the Aisne will be even more appalling than the battle of the Marne. Military experts estimate that there are nearly 3,000,000 men assembled on a battle line about 110 miles long. Thousands of lives will be sacrificed in the at tempt of the armies of the defenders to push the Invaders out of France. The Germans have left a sufficient force in Belgium to protect their re treat through that country in tlie event they are forced to fall back. Reinforcements For Germans. Word has been received that Ger many has recalled the armies she sent from the north of France and Belgium to East Prussia to check the onward rush of the Czar's armies through East Prussia, and will send them to the assistance ot the Germans in France. Move For Peace Is On. The negotiations that have been go ing on between the United States and Germany with regard to a movement for peace have given little encourage ment. Von Bethinann-Ilollwegg, the imperial chancellor of Germany, has suggested to United States Ambassa dor Gerard at Berlin that the United States secure terms (if peace from Great Britain, France and Russia. 'Germany," he said, "wants permanent peace and protection from further war fare." President Wilson announced he would continue his efforts along this line. Russians Moving Forward. Undaunted by the former defeat at Konipsberg, in East Prussia, tlie Rus sians are preparing .to take advantage of the withdrawal of a large portion of the German soldiers in that vicinity, who have been ordered to the relief of the Kaiser's armies in France, and ;ire planning another assault on Ko- nigsberg. The Russians are also en joying victories against the Austro Gennan armies in Poland. The armies of the Czar in Galicia and Poland are already marching on Berlin and in the event they are successful in defeating the Germans in East Prussia it will he only a short time before there will be three great armies pushing their way to Berlin. Fighting Spreads to Asia The European war during the past week spread to Asia and Africa. The Japanese, who declared war against Germany several weeks ago, have be gun an attack on the German posses sions in China. The British forces in Africa have begun a campaign against the Germans in Africa. AUSTRIA IN GLOOM Last Reserves Have Been Call ed to the Colors The deepest gloom overspreads Aus tria. The government has called the last reserves to the colors. News of victories over the Servians was given out to the people of Austria, but this has not helped to dispell the depres sion caused by the continual defeats suffered by their soldiers fighting the Russians in Galicia. Vienna lives In constant fear that the Russians will change their course in Galicia and in stead of continuing on to Berlin they will encircle the Carpathians and be siege the capital of the dual-monarchy. Fortresses Seem to Be Doomed Berlin. That the day of fortresses has passed seems already to have been fairly demonstrated by the pves ent war. The new 42-centimeter (16. S inch) siege guns of the German forcer appears to have demonstrated ltc abil ity to demolish the strongest fortifica tions ever made. Pioteros of the dem olition at Liege bear striking tesumo i v io the power of this new 'no. A binple projectile demolished utterly th walls of reinforced cement and steel towers and piled the mass upon the forts' defenders. Some men are so accustomed to flunking in liquid measure hat '.ve sii.uiuse the way they woulJ put it is that a plass of prevention is worth a quart ox cure. Uhio State Journal. Thrilling Arctic Rescue Of Marconed Expeiilioa In Northern Ice Fields o E I GUT survivors of a part of the Canadian arctic expedition which started uorlhw-inl a vear ago last Juue ui the leadership of Vilhjulniur iStei.mssoii have bei n rescued hy the' steam soli er King ami Wing from their peri. oils camp at Wnmgei island. It will be recalled that Stelaiis'son left his uiaiu ship, the Kaiiuk. to go on a hunling expedition with two others of the party, and that the Karluk was sub sequently ciu-lnd in the ice. Captaiu Robert Bartleit ill command .f the ship, with most of the party, fetched Wrangel island. Previous to this four of Bartlett's party against the wishes of Captaiu Barllett had left the ship's party aud pushed ou in an attempt to reach Wrangel island. These were Dr. Mac kuy. Murray. Beachet, scientists at tached to the expedition, and Seaman Morris. Dr. Mackay did not believe in the use of dogs, and he and his companions started out, pulling a sledge by band. They failed to reach the Island, and probably lost their sledge and pro visions in crossing the leads in the Ice, dying of starvation or freezing to death. Another party consisting of four of the crew of the Karluk. headed by First Mute Anderson, probably lost their lives somewhere between Wran gel island and Herald island while en deavoring to land provisions for the main party, which was under the lead ership of Captain Bartlett Captain Bartlett saved as large an amount of the Karluk's stores us pos sible before tlie ship went 'down. The party knew that practically its only chance of being saved lay In reaching Wrangel island, and the dangerous trip was undertaken over the ice floe, carrying the provisions. Upon reaching the island, Captain Bartlett took two natives and a dog team and worked his way to Bering strait. There ho boarded a whaler Photos oy American Press Association. VILHJALMUB STEFANSHON AND THE KAB LUK. which brought him to Nome and Im mediately communicated with the reve nue cutter service. The revenue cutter Bear got as far as Point Barrow ou Aug. 27, but was not uble on its trip south to approach near enough to Wrangel island to make the rescue. A shortage of coal supply prevented the Bear from remaining at the island and she returned to Nome, but started back again in September, apparently arriving just in time to take the sur vivors from the schooner King and Wing. To the King and W'ing belongs the credit of getting the marooned men off Wrangel island. Returning, she met the Bear and transferred the survivors to the cutter at the request of Cap tain Bartlett, as the men were badly in need of medical attention. The meeting of Captain Bartlett and the survivors was affecting, as none of them had expected to see him again. No relief ships having arrived in Au gust, they had given Captain Barlett up as lost and were preparing to win ter in the arctic. When the King and Wing found them they were building a house of driftwood and were almost entirely out of provisions. All the survivors were extremely weak and emaciated from the lack of food and exposure to the rigors of the arctic climate. Two men had froien feet, but it Is believed that they will recover completely under the care of the surgeons of the cutter Bear. After taking on bonrd the rescued men the Bear proceeded north to Her ald Island In the hope of finding the remainder of the crew. Arriving off the island, they found themselves blocked twelve miles off shore by the Ice. I roin their position they could see no signs of human life on the' Is IT fz. it' " I ltMAMA4l)AUtiivnii uwtM'WuCw- land and turned south on their way back to Nome. On the way they stop.' ped at Cape Senlze. Siberia, where they notified tlie Russian authorities of the rescue of the Karluk men and asked them Io keep a lookont for the others. Captain Bartlett and the sur. vlvors are now making their way to Victoria. B. C. Needles and pins will never rust in a cushion filleo, with coffej grounds. Rinse the grounds in cold water, spread on a sheet of paser to dry thoroughly, and then stuff the cushion.