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The Palatka news and advertiser. [volume] (Palatka, Fla.) 1908-19??, September 25, 1914, Image 3

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Great Armies In
Titanic Struggle
Battle in Northern Frr.ca
Strongly Entrenched the Two Area.
Armies Engage in the Pierces.
I'ighting of the Present Terribi:
European Conflict.
One of the fiercest buttles of a'
times, which has been raging :(ci":
null licrn France for a week past wi..
first a slight advantage on one si
and then on the oilier, ri mains nn
The two great nrmies whi
lieen lighting for a inoiiil:. '.'Mi
r -w
if anv, Intermissions, have du
.selves into eniioiiolnnonts mi
anil lnoiuuiiln ranges ou a
reach fiom the d'se io il:o .
anil tl.inee southeastward nlmi
I'ralico-Goiinan frontier.
Artillery iluels s'.ieh as never ln-fop
have lieen seen are being carried o:
with the hope of coi.ip'dliug tl:
evacuation of the strongly In lil m!
turns with occasional success' s ti
the opposing sides, while tlie infantry
in the face of a galling fire, liavi
charged right up to the guns, only to
make their opponents give waj
slightly, or to be repulsed with grcn
Fighting has been fiercest on the
allies' left, which lies on the riglu
bank of tlie river Oise. in the vlciultv
of Rheims, the famous cathedral of
which has been set a lire by (ierinai'
shells and between that town anl
the Argonnc ridge It has been giv,
and take all the time.
French ofllelnl reports again clnbi
slight progrtss on the French left anl
that the allies again have repuls( I
strong frontal attacks between Crn
onne ami liiieims.
Around Bin inis itself matters huvi'
been about eiUalized. as the (ier
inans have recaptured the heights o
Itriinont. while Hie French have take'
tlie defenses of I. a Pompolle.
The French also have scored a sue
fess between Uhcims and the Ar
Celebrated Edifice at Rheims
Reported Destroyed
The minister of tlie interior. I.oui
.T. Malyy, announced from Hordcuir
that the famous eat liedral of Rhciins
had been destroyed and other histnrn
and public buildings either laid in
ruins or seriously damaged by Gcr
nian arillcry.
If the reported destruction of tin
rnthcdral of Hheinis is true, it is tin
greatest loss from an historical ami
artistic sense of the present war.
Begun on the site of an earlier church
erected by Robert Pe Couroy. In
1212. and continued at intervals down
to the fifteenth century, it lias been
described as "the most perfect ex
ample In grandeur and grace of
Gothic style in existence."
It was in the (ait liedral of Iiheims
that the successive kings of Franc
from I'lillip II. to Charles X. were
crowned, and it was there tlie Maid
nf Orleans stood, baifner in hand, be
fore the great altar and saw thr
coronation of Charles VII.. which
marked tlie fullil'mi'i' o" her vision.
Famous Prussian Guards, the
Emperor's Pride, Sacrificed
The Paris correspondent of the
London Exchange Telegraph compii
uy h.v : "All accounts received in
Purls agree that the famous Prussian
guards corps, the elite f the eiuplr
and the especial pride of tht German
emperor, has beeu virtually blottad
out iu the battle waged along the
Meuse, Marue and Aisnt rivers."
Take HERBINE for all disturban
ces in the bowels. It purifies the
bowel channels, promotes regular
movements and makes you feel bright
vigorous and cheerful. Price 60c.
Sold by Ackerman-Stewart Drug Co.
Some chaps are cheerful all the while,
No matter what they're doing;
And some there are will even smile
When they know trouble's brewing.
Down in Mind Unable to Work,
and What Helped Her.
Summit Point, V. Va. Mis. Anna
Belle bmey, of this place, says: "l suf
fered for la years with an awful pain in
my right side, caused from womanly
trouble, and doctored lots for it, but with
out success. 1 suffered so very much,
that 1 became down in mind, and as help
less as a baby. 1 was in the worst kind
of shape. Was unable to do any work
I began taking Cardui, the woman's
tonic, and got relief from the very first
dose. By tlie time I had taken 12 bot
tles, mv health was completely restored.
I am now 48 years years old, but feel as
good as 1 did when only 10.
Cardui certainly saved me from losing
my mind, and I feel it my duly to speak
in its tavor. i wisn i naa some power
over poor, suffering women, and could
make them know the good it would do
If you suffer from any of the ailments
peculiar to women, it will certainly be
worth your while to give Cardui a trial.
It has been helping weak women foe
more than 50 years, and will help you,
Try Cardui. Your druggist sells it.
If'rjfr t: Ch&ttanoora Medicin Co.. Ladies'
Aamory Dept.. Chananoogft. Tenn., tor 2ttmt
hrfmrfwM on four case and 64 -paga book, noma
inBaxmani lor woman." ut DiainwraoDar. H.l. mi
Germany's Eig Gnus,
Engines of Destruction,
New Features In Warfare
ONE of the outstanding develop
ments of the great war in Eu
rope is the terrible elliclency
of the German artillery. Ob
the stubborn battlefields of Mons and
during the continuous 'ear guard light
ing of the retreat to I.a Fere the tier
man artillery was up at the front
harassing the forces of the allies at ev
ery stand.
The Germans first developed the idea
of massing their artillery close to tlie
front, where it could get into action
early and hy its sheds cut up III
enemy's troops so as to shale thei.'
morale and thus malic easier the suc
cess of the German attacking infantry
Artillery had been considered a cum
bersome, .slow moving weapon, of
great value in battle, but so defense
less against nn enemy's surprise attack
that large bodies of infantry culled sup
porting troops were always attached to
the artillery to protect It. Similarly
to guard against surprise it was placed
well to the rear of the columns when
The Germans in 1S70 brought for
ward the new tactics of shoving the
artillery up to the front, even at risk
of surprise and capture, and thus they
gained the advantage of a powerful
artillery fire on the enemy while the
latter was waiting for Ills artillery to
come up.
After a long series of tests Germany
in 1S90 adopted the revolutionary ex
pedient of building the gun loose from
the carriage so that on firing the gun
recoils without dragging the carriage
with it. In HHK1 It adopted n still
further Improved gun which allows a
longer recoil. Every effort hail been
made to keep secret the details of its
construction, hut they gradually leaked
Kruno adopted this general type In
18!7 and the United States In 1W2. All
the nations of the world have now
armed their artillery with this long
recoil gun. Each country has also in
vented various modifications to im
prove the service of the gun.
The big Improvement of our day Is
that, instead of being made fast to Its
carriage by the trunnions that permit
only a swinging up or down in eleva
tion, the gun now rests freely In a
trough, called the cradle, that guides
the gun In Its sixtv Inch recoil. In
hold the gun to the guides it has clips
near the front end, and at the rear, or
breech, it has n lug to which Is at
tached a buffer to stop the recoil.
The general technique of the artil
lery service in battle is not to delay to
get the exact range of the target: the
enemy exposes himself too brief a
time to permit this. The method is to
fire at ranges changed by 2(10 yards
each time until one shot falls short
and one goes over. Then the inter
vening ground is swept by a Btorm of
bullets, delivered by tiring eighteen
shrapnel aimed to cover tlie district
on each side of, beyond nud short of
the estimated range. In this way
quick results are obtained, though at
large expenditure of ammunition.
So great has been the Improvement
In artillery file that the present guns
can entirely destroy any body of men
that Is reached by their fire. Security
is obtained only by concealment. Even
the opposing guns must be concealed
behind hills or grooves and are di
rected on the enemy by being Mined
ut a given angle with some definite
visible object. This requires a special
sight mid a rapid determination of the
necessary angle, making the artillery
a very technical branch of the service.
Tlie greatest sur; rise to militarj
men of the world has been tlie rapid
success of the Germans in capturing
the forts of Liege. Xnrmr and Long
wy by means of their heavy artillery
These were constructed at great ex
pense and were provided with every
known device for strengthening the
defense. Infantry assaults resulted In
terrible slaughter without effect. The
Immense shell !!r:d by Germany s
heaviest guns weighs TUtl pounds' and
carries a charge of high explosives
that blasts out an enormous hole. Well
aimed, the fire of these guns will re
duee any fort to ruins.
The field grn shell is a pointed oyllii
der three lie lies in diameter and nine
inches Ions, total woi'.'ht fifteen pounds,
filled wit a powder charge that when
exploded will blow a hole 111 an ene
my's parapet and will semi the frag
menis of the steel shell dying In every
direction. The projectile used against
men and nub ia's Is the shrapnel, which
is n shell filled wUh balls that on ex
plosion send a shower of bullets over
ti p tro-'tis within range.
It's as difficult for some women to
get their hats on in the evening as it
is for some men to get theirs on the
next morning.
v "( 1 ;
IF a man of striking appearance passes by your place only
at long intervals, you would scarcely recollect his features
from time to time. If a person of ordinary appearance
passes regularly for a short time, his face becomes firmly
fixed in your mind.
The merchant who will advertise regularly, even if only
in a small space will be surprised to see how the public will
look for him in his regular position, and be disappointed if
he fails to appear.
The familiar name in the business news is greeted with
as much pleasure as the familiar face that you meet on the
street. Once interest is created by a man's methods of ad
vertising, readers turn to it as to a serial story.
Nothing affects the mind like repetition. Constant drop
ping wears away the stone that is not affected by the single
hard shower.
F politics makes queer bedfellows
so does war, or at least this may
he said of the present war, where
especially among the armies of
the allies some queer bedfellows indeed
have come together. Think, for In
stance, of Turkos from Algeria, and
Indian soldiers and Walloons from llel
giuni. and Cossacks from Itussia, to
mention no other heterogeneous ele
ments, all fighting in a common cause.
Indeed, the army of the allies Is a re
markalile melting pot.
The Turkos and other black and yel
low regular troops of France have been
brought over in numbers from Algeria
mil Senegal, French possessions in
Africa, to tight against normally. And
France lias great numbers ot tliese
regular troops In her African posses
sions that slie can call upon. the
Turkos, native Algerian troops, made
their first appearance in the war in the
lighting about Muelhausen.
And so the French black soldier is
once more at grips with the white
Herman regular. Four ami forty years
ive passed since they met on the field
of battle on French soil. Then it wa-
hat the Turkos. in the Franco-l'russiaii
war, drove back the (.Ionium infanlr.i
villi heavy loss at the battle of Weis
.enliurg on Aug. 4. 1STH. while again.
two days laler, the Turkos. together!
tvith the spahis, more of France's
colored troops from Algeria, under
(ieiicral MaoMahon. cut and hacked1
heir way through the solid Herman
ranks at the bloody battle of Woerth
Since the present war with Cerinanv
oniineiiced the war ollit e at Paris lias
icen advised that literally hundreds of
thousands' of French black and yellow
subjects In the various French posses
Muus in Africa and elsewhere, many
f them already trained soldiers and
others who have in them the making of
excellent fighting men, are almost be
side themselves in their anxiety to go
to France to light the common enemy
What of the extent of this present
and latent force upon which France
may draw for military support?
In Algeria alone the French native
population of black and yellow people
Is 4,430,000, according to official statis
tics. In the Algerian Sahara there are
said to be 50,000: In Tunis, 1.500,000;
Sahara region. 2.500,000; Senegal,
3.500.000; Mihaty territories, 4.000,000;
French Gubiea, 2,200,000; Ivory Coast,
2,500,000; Dahomey, 1,000.000; Kongo.
8.000.000; Somali const and dependen
cies, 200.000; Reunion, 173.200; Comoro
Isles, 53,000; Nossl Bey, 9.500; St
Marie. 7.G70. and in Madagascar, 2.500.-
000, making a total of 32.G35.p00,
rhoto by American Presm A-.h'IuUoii
f l ',? ' I ' it ' f
Continuity" In
Melting Pot of Nationali
ties Turkos, Gurkhas,
Cossacks and Walloons
Are Blended.
Photo by American Press Association.
In Algeria, in Morocco, in Timbuktu,
in Imlionicy and on the Ivory Coast,
on the Barbary coast, in Tunis. Sene
gal and ill many other places iu Africa
the French native soldier has shuwu
that in many ways he is fully equal to
the white soldier. There they have
served and are today serving as Tur
kos, tirailleurs, spahis, foot and horse
and ulso us artillerymen.
England, too, can swell the allied
armies with great numbers of dark
skinned soldiers, fit comiyJiPs on the
firing line with France's Turkos and
spahis. Among tlie most interesting
as well as the most formidable fight
ing outfits in the Indian army are the
Gurkhas. There are ten regiments of
Gurkha ritles. These little fighters.
who come from the region of Nepal
and who trace their descent from the
Knjputs, would rather light than eat.
In appearance the Gurkhas are deceiv
ing. They are short, stocky little men
of somewhat the appearance of the
Japanese, although a little heavier
And they wear perpetual grins on
their faces. The grin does not come
off when they go Into a fight
The Gurkhas were conquered by the
British in 1S14 after years of fighting
and have become loyal subjects of
England. When the Gurkha regiments
were first made part of the Indian
army they did not seem to take well
to organized methods of warfare It
was not until the army authorities al
lowed them to make their national
weapon, the kukri, part of their equip
ment that they regained their fame as
lighters. Their instructors never could
make them use the bayonet. The ku
Url is a long, heavy curved knife.
In close quarters the Gurkha throws
way his ril'.e and takes to the kukri,
w'. i li he uses with lolling effect. When
har. eil by cavalry the Gurkhas stand
p :r '1 ti e i t the horsemen until they
tv 'vi !, a saboMiig distance, when the
natives fall. As the charging horse
men pass over tlieni the little warriors
are up and Hamstringing (tie noises
or clinging to the saddles and stabbing
the riders.
This met boil of lighting Is not un
like that of the Turkos of the French
army, wjio also "play possum" when
charged by a heavnr enemy, only to
rise and take the attackers from the
rear as soon as they have passed over
them. Neither Gurkhas nor Turkos.
however, do much defensive fighting
except against cavalry, for they are
usually leading any charge that may
be taking place in their vicinity.
England, if necessary, can pour Into
France from India 235.000 trained men.
of which 75.000 are liritish troops, in
cluding some of the crack regiments
of the royal army, and the 100.(100 re
mnining are tlie fighting native troops
of the Indian army. Besides these reg
ular troops of the Indian nriny the in
dependent Indian rajahs have troops
of their own. which they have offered
with enthusiasm for service with the
British expeditionary army.
ltussia's most picturesque force mid
one that Is perhaps the most efficient
of its class in the wrld is the Cossack
cavalry. For hundreds of years these
superb horsemen, trained from child
hood to feats of remarkable skill, have
been famous for their courage and for
daring raids against the enemy. The
czar lias ljio.ooo of these cavalrymen,
and so far in this war they have more
than lived up to their legendary repu
tation. Belgium's most famous soldiers are
drawn from the Walloons of Wal
loonia. of which Liege is tlie capital, in
southern Belgium. These Walloons are
descendants of the Belgii. the men
who so bravely faced the legions of
Home under Julius Caesar The Fleni
lugs In the north are emigrants from
German states, but the Walloons are in
digenous, natives of the soil they are
defending today as In the long, long
past. The Walloon has been a strik
ing figure In scores of wars in which
his courage has shone, but perhaps he
has made no more splendid exhibition
of valor than In his brave defense of
Prince of Wales Kept From War.
The Prince of Wales was anxious
to go to the front, according to a
statement issued ia Lauvatn by the
official press bureau, and tried to get
Lord Kitchener' consent to do so.
But as he had not completed his mil
itary training Lord Kitchener sub
mitted to the king "that far the pres
ent it it undesirable that bit royal
highness should procted on aetrrt
Germans Driven Out BelfUn Congo,
Germaa soldiers who attempted to
invade the Belgian Congo have been
defeated and driven back into their
own country. The East African
monated ritles were seut to the Bel
gian territory when the Germans
crossed the border and defeated the
invaders at Kishl.
af u Av ,v w
rhoto by American Tress Association.
V s. Tl
Russians Check
German Advance
Czar's Armies AreBeginning To Control
The Situation In East
Continued in France Between Ger
mans ar.J Allied Armies for
Ten Days
For ten days the armies of Germany
and the allied armies of Great Britain
and France have been struggling
against each other iu the northern
part of France with no definite results.
The Germans are strongly entrenched
in the mountains in the region of the
Noyon, northwest of Paris. Their bat
tle line extends to the river Meuse,
north .of the Verdun. Reinforcements,
probably from Lorraine, have greatly
strengthened their ranks In Galicia
tlie Russians have checked the armies
of Germany. They have also begun an
assault on the fort at Praemsyl, the
last stronghold of the Austrians in Ga
licia. The Japanese armies marching
on Kiao-Chow, a fortified city of the
German possessions in China, have
met and defeated a detachment of the
Germany army In China.
Allies Win Battle of Marne.
When the German armies invaded
France from Belgium they swept the
allies before them and pushed steadily
forward until they were almost under
the walls of Paris. Then the tide of
the battle turned. The allies were the
pursuers and the Germans the pursued.
This was known as the battle of the
Marne. The battle ended when the
Germans had been driven north of tlie
Aisne river and the allies were the
Three Million Men Engaged.
It ie predicted that the battle of the
Aisne will be even more appalling
than the battle of the Marne. Military
experts estimate that there are nearly
3,000,000 men assembled on a battle
line about 110 miles long. Thousands
of lives will be sacrificed in the at
tempt of the armies of the defenders
to push the Invaders out of France.
The Germans have left a sufficient
force in Belgium to protect their re
treat through that country in tlie
event they are forced to fall back.
Reinforcements For Germans.
Word has been received that Ger
many has recalled the armies she sent
from the north of France and Belgium
to East Prussia to check the onward
rush of the Czar's armies through
East Prussia, and will send them to
the assistance ot the Germans in
Move For Peace Is On.
The negotiations that have been go
ing on between the United States and
Germany with regard to a movement
for peace have given little encourage
ment. Von Bethinann-Ilollwegg, the
imperial chancellor of Germany, has
suggested to United States Ambassa
dor Gerard at Berlin that the United
States secure terms (if peace from
Great Britain, France and Russia.
'Germany," he said, "wants permanent
peace and protection from further war
fare." President Wilson announced he
would continue his efforts along this
Russians Moving Forward.
Undaunted by the former defeat at
Konipsberg, in East Prussia, tlie Rus
sians are preparing .to take advantage
of the withdrawal of a large portion of
the German soldiers in that vicinity,
who have been ordered to the relief
of the Kaiser's armies in France, and
;ire planning another assault on Ko-
nigsberg. The Russians are also en
joying victories against the Austro
Gennan armies in Poland. The armies
of the Czar in Galicia and Poland are
already marching on Berlin and in the
event they are successful in defeating
the Germans in East Prussia it will
he only a short time before there will
be three great armies pushing their
way to Berlin.
Fighting Spreads to Asia
The European war during the past
week spread to Asia and Africa. The
Japanese, who declared war against
Germany several weeks ago, have be
gun an attack on the German posses
sions in China. The British forces
in Africa have begun a campaign
against the Germans in Africa.
Last Reserves Have Been Call
ed to the Colors
The deepest gloom overspreads Aus
tria. The government has called the
last reserves to the colors. News of
victories over the Servians was given
out to the people of Austria, but this
has not helped to dispell the depres
sion caused by the continual defeats
suffered by their soldiers fighting the
Russians in Galicia. Vienna lives In
constant fear that the Russians will
change their course in Galicia and in
stead of continuing on to Berlin they
will encircle the Carpathians and be
siege the capital of the dual-monarchy.
Fortresses Seem to Be Doomed
Berlin. That the day of fortresses
has passed seems already to have
been fairly demonstrated by the pves
ent war. The new 42-centimeter (16. S
inch) siege guns of the German forcer
appears to have demonstrated ltc abil
ity to demolish the strongest fortifica
tions ever made. Pioteros of the dem
olition at Liege bear striking tesumo
i v io the power of this new 'no. A
binple projectile demolished utterly th
walls of reinforced cement and steel
towers and piled the mass upon the
forts' defenders.
Some men are so accustomed to
flunking in liquid measure hat '.ve
sii.uiuse the way they woulJ put it is
that a plass of prevention is worth a
quart ox cure. Uhio State Journal.
Thrilling Arctic Rescue
Of Marconed Expeiilioa
In Northern Ice Fields
I GUT survivors of a part of
the Canadian arctic expedition
which started uorlhw-inl a
vear ago last Juue ui the
leadership of Vilhjulniur iStei.mssoii
have bei n rescued hy the' steam soli
er King ami Wing from their peri. oils
camp at Wnmgei island. It will be
recalled that Stelaiis'son left his uiaiu
ship, the Kaiiuk. to go on a hunling
expedition with two others of the
party, and that the Karluk was sub
sequently ciu-lnd in the ice. Captaiu
Robert Bartleit ill command .f the
ship, with most of the party, fetched
Wrangel island.
Previous to this four of Bartlett's
party against the wishes of Captaiu
Barllett had left the ship's party aud
pushed ou in an attempt to reach
Wrangel island. These were Dr. Mac
kuy. Murray. Beachet, scientists at
tached to the expedition, and Seaman
Dr. Mackay did not believe in the
use of dogs, and he and his companions
started out, pulling a sledge by band.
They failed to reach the Island, and
probably lost their sledge and pro
visions in crossing the leads in the
Ice, dying of starvation or freezing to
Another party consisting of four of
the crew of the Karluk. headed by
First Mute Anderson, probably lost
their lives somewhere between Wran
gel island and Herald island while en
deavoring to land provisions for the
main party, which was under the lead
ership of Captain Bartlett
Captain Bartlett saved as large an
amount of the Karluk's stores us pos
sible before tlie ship went 'down. The
party knew that practically its only
chance of being saved lay In reaching
Wrangel island, and the dangerous
trip was undertaken over the ice floe,
carrying the provisions.
Upon reaching the island, Captain
Bartlett took two natives and a dog
team and worked his way to Bering
strait. There ho boarded a whaler
Photos oy American Press Association.
LUK. which brought him to Nome and Im
mediately communicated with the reve
nue cutter service.
The revenue cutter Bear got as far
as Point Barrow ou Aug. 27, but was
not uble on its trip south to approach
near enough to Wrangel island to make
the rescue.
A shortage of coal supply prevented
the Bear from remaining at the island
and she returned to Nome, but started
back again in September, apparently
arriving just in time to take the sur
vivors from the schooner King and
To the King and W'ing belongs the
credit of getting the marooned men off
Wrangel island. Returning, she met
the Bear and transferred the survivors
to the cutter at the request of Cap
tain Bartlett, as the men were badly
in need of medical attention.
The meeting of Captain Bartlett and
the survivors was affecting, as none
of them had expected to see him again.
No relief ships having arrived in Au
gust, they had given Captain Barlett
up as lost and were preparing to win
ter in the arctic. When the King and
Wing found them they were building
a house of driftwood and were almost
entirely out of provisions.
All the survivors were extremely
weak and emaciated from the lack of
food and exposure to the rigors of the
arctic climate. Two men had froien
feet, but it Is believed that they will
recover completely under the care of
the surgeons of the cutter Bear.
After taking on bonrd the rescued
men the Bear proceeded north to Her
ald Island In the hope of finding the
remainder of the crew. Arriving off
the island, they found themselves
blocked twelve miles off shore by the
Ice. I roin their position they could
see no signs of human life on the' Is
IT fz. it' " I
ltMAMA4l)AUtiivnii uwtM'WuCw-
land and turned south on their way
back to Nome. On the way they stop.'
ped at Cape Senlze. Siberia, where
they notified tlie Russian authorities
of the rescue of the Karluk men and
asked them Io keep a lookont for the
others. Captain Bartlett and the sur.
vlvors are now making their way to
Victoria. B. C.
Needles and pins will never rust in
a cushion filleo, with coffej grounds.
Rinse the grounds in cold water,
spread on a sheet of paser to dry
thoroughly, and then stuff the cushion.

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