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PAGE 3. KIDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1914 J-HE PALATKA NEWS, PALATKA, FLA. RESIDENT The Chief Executive Deplores the Lack of Ships, Declares That lha Government Must Open the Gates of Trade and Urges Passage of the Pend ing Shipping Bill Rura Credits and Safety at Sea. Self Government For Filipinos Again Recommended. 4 OTXOWING Is President Wil Bal sou's annual messuue. deliver ed at the beginning of tue ' short term of the Klxty-thlri Congress: Aintlm.n nf thp CunirreHfl The hhm loo upon wbieb you are now entering wlU De tne closing session or tne smx ty-thlrd congress, a congress, I veil turn tn Mnv. which will Inns he reuiem iapim fnr tha trrpnt Iwtriv lit thn'lffhffl.l and rnntttruptive work which it has done tn loyal response to the thought and needs or tne country, i snouia IIIta In this nilrlrpsa tn review the nntn ble record and try to make adequiite assessment of It. but no doubt we tand too near the work tbat bns been done and are ourselves too much pun or it to piay tne pan or nisionnns iu wnrri If Moreover, our thoughts are now more f the future thnn of the past. While we have worked at our tasks of peace tha n1rpiimsfnncMfl nf the whole aire have been altered by war. What we have done for our own land aud our own people we did with the best tbat was In us, whether of character or of Intelll tranna with Bnhpr pnthllSiaSDI 8hd 8 confidence In the principles upon which we were acting which sustained us at ran tn nf the difficult undertuk Ing. But It is done It has passed from our hands. It Is now an established ruii-t nf tha. Inirlslfltlnn of the COUlltTV Its usefulness. Its effeots will disclose themselves In experience. What chief ly strikes us now. as we look about us rinrtnir thono I'lnsliiu davs of a year wblcb will be forever memorable In the history of the world. Is that we race new tasks, have been facing them these six months, must face them In th. months to come face them without partisan feeling, like men who have fonmtten evervthing but a common duty and the fact that we are repre "WE NEED SHIPS: WE HAVE NOT GOT THEM." ' Th. United 8ttes, this great people for whom we speak and act, should be ready as never before to eerve itself and to ! serve mankind i ready with its resources, its energies, its forces of production and its meane of distribution. We are not ready to mobilize our re sources at once. We are not prepared to use them imme diately and at their best, with out delay and without waste. To speek plainly, we have grossly erred in the way in which we have stunted and hin dered the development of our merchant marine, and now, when w need ships, we have not got them. MESSAGE No Standing Army, but a Trained Citizenry For War. "We Have Not Been Negli gent of National Defense." A Powerful Navy Needed, "But Who Shall Tell Us WhatSorlofNavyto Build?" To Learn and Profit by the Lesson of Every Experience. entatlves of 11 greiit people whose thought is not of us. but of what Aiuer lea owes to herself and to all mankind In such circumstances ns these upoij ,!.. h a,. i.mii iinmzed aud ii us lulls. War bus mterrupicd the mentis ot trade not only, but also the processes ..r p.uln,.tii,ii III Europe it is destroy log uieu n l resources wholesale ami upon a scale nnpiecedeuiea huu palling There Is reason to Tear thai tne time Is near. If it he not already at tjand. when several of Ihc countries ol Euroe will ttml It difficult to do toi their people what the Have hlthertu iiwu-s easily able to do--man '..a r,,,., i, .in, .mill things Ai -rww-llimi "uu ,., . ihBT will need our help am our manifold services as the have i. ..i tictore and we never ii-o't , . . ,h,..,irt i. rea.lv more tit and read Khan we have evet been ZMFRICA FACES NEW , MARKETS FOR TRADE. Merchant Marine Must Be Built Up to Meet Opportunity It Is of eipial coliseum-tic that the H.. -h..n. Knrolie nils U8..J " ....... ...,.u.r.ihle articles of mau Ufacture and coumierce of which they are In constant need and without hl h ... nent Halts and nds still ge, ..-" part of what they fortneri, and eagerly l.s.k to us to supply their ?..!:K".. um. This is panic ail om eui". thu tares, greai mm -- - fumth An.ei1.-a fhelr lines ot trade have hitherto run chiefly athwart tne not to our ports, but to the ports of Great Britain and or me I. . i An not stop to In 7. 1 . .!. .!. mo ka anv comment on Just now is not the OP""1 j and our duty S ket, which w. must must find the means of action TO . . . .1,,. mnt neonle for united praiee, .. . whom w. apeak and t. Jho.d be tady as never before to serre IM r and to serve mankind, ready with Its production and its me"-" - ... ic matter, a mat ,t u a " We n,Te th. W " hm ar. we MUy ready to resources, but are we if we can make ready hoto copyright 1314, by American Press Association. fullv readv: neither have we tne means of distribution. We are willing, but we are not fully able. We have the wish to serve and to serve crently. gen erously. But we are not prepared as jve should be. We are not ready to mobilize our resources at once. We are nnt tirenared to use them Immediately and at their best without delay anil without waste. Tn mipnk nlnlnlv. we have grossly- erred In the way In which we have stunted and hindered the development of our merchant marine. And now. when we need ships, we have not got them We have year after year debal ed. without end or conclusion, the best policy to pursue with regard to the use of the ores and forests and water now. nf our national domain In th rich states of the west when we should have acted, and they are still locked un. The key Is still turned upon them, the door shut fast at which thousands of visrorous men. full of initiative, knock clamorously for od tnittjince. The water power of our nav Igable streams outside the national domain also, even tn the eastern states, where we have worked and planned for generations, is still not used as It might be, because we will and we wnn't- hecuuse the aws we nave made do not Intelligently balance en coiir.iirempnt acainst reatrauit We withhold bv regulation. i have come to ask you to remedy and correct these mistakes ana uuiih sinns. even at this abort session of 8 congress which would certainly seem to have done all the work that coum mnsnnnhlv he exnected of it The tim and the circumstances are ex traordinnry. and so must our efforts bf nlsn Fortnnarclv two great measures, fine lv conceived, the one to unlocK. win proper safeguards, the resources of the nntional domain. tbsOotlier to encou age the use of the navigable Water? nntsiile that domain for the genera tion of power, have already passed the bouse of representatives and are reanj fr Immediate consideration and a. tion bv the senate With the deeesi Mi-neatness I urge their prompt pas sage. In them both we turn our naca GATES OF TRADE MUST SE OPENED. The government must open k... nni ot trade, and open them wide, open them before it is altogether profitable to open them or altogether reasonable to aik private capital to open u. at uenture. It IS not a ...., nt tha aovernment mo- !,, ma the field. It should take action to make it certain that transportation at reason .ki. ..t-. wvill be oromotly pro- ..h vn where the carriage not at first profitable, and ... ffi,antlv orofitable to at tract and engage private capita and engage it in abundance, the government ougnt to witnarew. perplexed policy could we suovv oui coutidence in the principles of llliert us the source as well us the expression of life; how better could we demon strafe our own self possession and steadfastness In the courses of Justice and disinterestedness than by thus go ing calmly forward to fulfill our prom Ises to a dependent peop'e. who will now look more anxiously than ever tt see whether we have indeed the lilier all!?, the unselfishness. Ille courage the ralth we have boasted and profess edV I cannot believe that the seimt. will let this great measure ..f construe five Justice await the actum ot anothei ..ingress Its passage would nub! crown the record of these two yean of memorable labor But 1 think tbat you will agree with me that this does not complete the toll f nor ilntv. How are we tn carry our goods to the empty markets of which I have spoken If we have not tnt l,i.w- now are we to build up a great trade If we have not the certain and constant means of transportation upon which all profitable and useful com merce depends? And how are we to get the ships If we wait for the trade tn .wei,,n without them? To correct the many mistakes by which we nave discouraged and all but destroyed tne merchant marine of the country, to re t co the arena bv which we have. It seems almost deliberately, withdrawn our flag from the seas, except wnere, here and there, a ship of war Is bidden enrrv It or some wandering yacnt dts plays It, would take a long time ann IntrAtra tnnnv detailed Items of legis lation, and the trade which we ought Immediately to handle wouia uisap pear or And other channels while we rlohfltpd thp Items. Tho cnae Is not nnltke that which confronted os when our own continent was to be opened up to settlement and Industry, and we needed long lines ot roiiTTor oTtended means of transDor tation prepared beforehand, If develop ment was not to lag intoieraDry anu wait Interminably, we lavisniy sun idixad the bulldlne of transcontl nental railroads. We look back upot Hint with regret now. because the sub uiities led to manv scandals of whlci we are ashamed, but we Know tnai the railroads had to be built, and 11 we had It to do over again we should of course build them, but In anothei way. Therefore I propose anothei wnc of nrovidlng the means of trans nortstlon. which must precede, not tardily follow, the development of out mna with our neighbor states ot America. It may seem a reversal ot the natural order of things, but tt is fr,,o that rhn routes of trade must be actually opened-by many ships and regular sailings and moderate cnarges hafnra Btronma nf merchandise will flow freely and profitably through them SAYS SHIPPING BILL IS VERY IMPORTANT. It Should Be Passed to Profit by Open ed Gates of Trade Rsnn the nendlriff shlDOlng bill, dlS- cussed at the last session, but as yet n...oj h, neither house. In my Judg ment such legislation Is Imperatively nopded and cannot wisely oe uouipou- ed. The government must open these gates of trade, and open tnem wice. open them before It is aitogetner proui .hi tn nnsn them or altogether rea sonable to ask private capital to open -ritrnre m interna tlonal civilization. We fhoiild show our earnest good faltb In a great matter by adding our own ac ceptance of It COASTS OF ALASKA SHOULD BE SURVEYED. Present Dangers to Navigation Ought to Be Removed by Charts. There is another matter of wblcb I must make special mention. If 1 am tn discharge my conscience, lest It should escape your attention. It may seem a very small thing. It affects only a single item of appropriation. But many human lives and many great en terprises hung upon it It Is the mat ter of making adequate provision fof the snrvev and rhnrtlns of our coasts It Is Immediately pressing and exigent in connection with the immense coast line of Alaska, a coast line greatel than that or the United States them selves, though It Is also very liupor tant Indeed wltb regard to tne oiuei coasts of the contlneut We cannot use our great Alaskan domain, ships will not ply thither. II those coasts and their many hidden dangers are not thoroughly surveyed and charted. The work Is Incomplete at almost every point Ships and lives have been lost in threading what wen supposed to be well known main Chan nels. We have not provided adequatt vessels or adequate machinery for the survey and charting We have used old vessels that, were not big enougti or strong enough and which were sc nearly unseaworthy that our" Inspector would not have allowed private own ers to spnd them to sea This is matter which, as 1 have said, seemt small, but Is In reality very great It Importance has only to be Linked Int. to be appreciated. GOVERNMENT ECONOMY IS VERY IMPERATIVE. Urges Systematic Reorganization to Gain Greater Efficiency. Refnre I close may I any a few words niion two tonics much discussec out of doors upon which it Is hlghl Important that our Judgments shmiic hp clpnr deflnltp and steadfast? One of these Is economy In govern ment expenditures. The duty of ec.m omy Is not debatable It is manliest and Imperative. In the appropriation we pass we are spending the niotie. of the ereat people whose servants w. are not our own. We are trustees am responsible stewards In the spending The only thing debatable and upot which we should be careful to mak. our thought and purpose clear Is tin kind of economy demanded of us. I assert with the greatest confidenc. that the people of the United State are not Jealous of the amouut theli government costs If they are sure thai they get what they need and desire foi the outlay, that tbe money Is belli t spent for objects of which they ap prove and that it la being applied witt good business sense and management Governments grow piecemeal both In tnetr tusks and In tbe means b which those tasks are to be performed and very few governments are organ ized. I venture to say, as wise and ex perieuced business men would organiKr them If they had a clean sheet i papei to write upon. Certainly tbe govern ment of the United States Is not I think that It Is generally agreed that thpre should be a systematic reorganl zatlon and reassembling of Its parts so as to secure greater efficiency and effect considerable savings in expense nut the amount of money saved tn that way would. I believe, though no doubt cnnaldernhle in Itself, running. It may be. Into the millions, be relatively small small. I mean. In proportion to thp total necessary outlays or tne gov ernment. It would be thoroughly worth effecting, as every saving would irrpat or small. Our duty Is not altered by the scale f the saving. But my point is mat hp npnnlp of the United States do not wish to curtail the activities of this tovernment They wish, rather, to en loro-p thpm. and with every enlarge ment with the mere growth, indeed, of Jhe country itself, there must come, of course, the inevitable Increase of ex pense. The sort of economy we ought to practice may be effected, and ought to be effected, by a careful study and assessment of tbe tasks to be per formed, and the money spent ought to be made to yield the best possible re turns in efficiency and achievement And. like good stewards, we should so account for every dollar or our appro them at a venture, u uuw m""" acC0unt for every dollar or our appro of the government monopolizing the . prlatlon8 ns to make it perfectly evl i.m tt ahnnld take action to make . ... .,.,. i. .uu ...xnt for and it field It should take action to make at pprtntn that transDortatlon at rea rates will be oromntb' pro vided, even where the carriage Is not at first profitable, and tnen, wnen me .orrtacrn hn hpcnm sutflclently profit able to attract and engage private cap- 1 a.i A .. .. le li atiiindariini tha n,H.n hesitation ana masesu..! 71 oueht wlthdraw. 1 formulate a genuine policy of use and .mMtl. hon t the congress conservation in the best sense of those - . ' , tn nllth words Vc nwr the one measure not ... .Hlr,.ri- im. - ... . . I nniiapH win auum iuw v r. - only to tne pe.Mae ... ...... K,. ern count" tat whose free and sys i flf rura, credits temntlc deve ment. as It seems xu lt me. our legislation has done so little. . dlf. hnt also to the people of the nation . ,h tn " .......... ..... u.e cie...lv owe the ncuix.es ot uie .uuj as - . render lt Impossible to complete a uu. other in fulfillment of our repe ed BmltCan promise, that the vvater powe or tue . tbm,fore country should lu fact as well m 0 other constructive mess- name be put at the disposal o necessity for which I will at Industrie, wblcb vi.u uiaae - fhta our aMetlon to. but and profitable use of it tue wret.nt of a very manl the public UrUM adequately Bu..u a(ten. ,he while aud monopoly tlon of7he annate to the fact that the vented. To have proposed convention for safety at sea and not completed them would Indeed P nflrmatlon and tnat the mar the record of this great - covenUon Itself for ver, seriously 1 hope and eon Hde'itl j umit n ed believe that they will be compeu. . conference In which this convention originated was eel C GOVERNMENT tm called by the United States, ine rep- ' r-.. ,o..ir.c IP ilRrrn resentaUvea of the United States play FILIPINOS IS URGtU. L, t terJ ,nfluentla part Indeed In framing tne provisions or me iirui-u . . cu. ,im Paa convention, and those prortolons are In President Say. Senate Should r-e.e (or th. mo.t ajrolnl Meeeure Now Before Senate. K wonM nardly be consistent And there Is another great piece or wUn pan we have played In the legislation which a watts aud should re wnoie matter to let It drop and go by celve the sanction of the seuate. I the board as If forgotten and neglect mean the bill which gives a large. jt was ratified In May last by tbe measure of self government to tbe peo German government and In August by ... , rfM tutttpr It, . 1 1 . a ttrlta.n It - K.r. we tbe meant at 1 pie or the rnuippme a iiue inuiriu . wbat we have have are not this time of anxious fluesUonlng and I marks a most hopeful and decided ad Hand to distribute itr "." "w dent what lt was .siieiit for and lu what way It was spent it la not expenditure but extrava gance that we should fear being critl ewen for not naving for tne legiti mate enterprises and undertakings of a e-rPMt mivernmeut whose people com mand what it should do. but adding chut n-lll benefit only a few or pour lng money out for what need not have heen undertaken at all or might nave been postponed or better and more economically conceived and carried out The nation is not niggardly; it is very generous, lt will chide ns only If we forget for whom we pay money out and whose money it is we pay These are large and general standards, but they are not very difficult of appll cation to particular cases. PRESIDENT OPPOSED TO BIG STANDING ARMY. Speaks Plainly and Direotly on Ques tion of National Defenses. The other topic 1 shall take leave to mention goes deeper into the prin ciples of out national life and policy. It is the subjwt of uational defense. It cannot tie discussed without first anaweriuu some very searching ques tions. It t said in some quarters tnat we are not prepared tot war. What Is meant b m-iug prepared IT Is It meant that we are not read upon brief no tice to urn i .oitiou in tbe field, a na trained to arms? Of not ready to do tbat , ve. t in time of peace yif( -i(iiip,t, - Holiday Suggestions FROM ' " . , YBLVERTOW'S tlou ol course and (Continued on page 6) We Arrange Terms To Suit You. Goods Delivered When Desired THE articles that we suggest as suitable for Holiday gifts are every one.suoh articles as will add to the comfort and kontAT of tfif home and stand as lasting remembrances of this Christmastime, when we, of all the world powers, -can rightly cele brate the birth of the "Prince of Peace" -in peaee. Our Display of RUGS and ART SQUARES embraces all the popular grades and prices. We can supply just about anything that you might call for in this line, and during the holidays we will give FREE with every purchase of $25 00 or more, one Hand Vacuum Carpet Cleaner. HOLIDAY SPECIALS (HI in .1 xj1 a mm Ufi i h i x ir u n ult mm This massive White Iron Bedstead with 2 inch continuous posts and very heavy fillers, regularly sold at $7.50, but specially priced for the holidays at only $5.00 roo: MAKE IDEAL CHRISTMAS GIFTS. PRICES $18 00 TO V ' A SPECIAL HOLIDAY CLUB OF HOOSIER KITCHEN CABINETS AND BUCK'S SANITARY RANGES has been arranged for at this time. Nothing would add more to the comfort of the home KhfaStaation or one of these articles, and upon the Club Plan as arranged by these factories, you get the low factory made price yet the easiest of terms. . ffiu ChrtatmaB you can have any Buck's Sanitary Range or any Hoos.er Kitchen Cabinet placed in your home upon the Club Terms of $1.00 cash and $1.00 per week. With everrBuckPs Sanitar? Range sold during this Club we furnish FREE a complete 13 piece set of Blue and White Enameled Cooking ware. ( f Quartered Oak Dining Table, $12.50 We show here a quartered Oak 6 foot extension Dining Table which is really worth $17.50, but during the Holidays it will be specially priced at $12.50. We also have others ranging in price from $6.50 to $50.00 each and in all finishes. OUR SHOWING Cr DINING ROOM FURNISHINGS is lardA onH VOL Will find tiefC just sach pieces as you may wish for replacing or reiurnisu nd vnur ninind room, and at prices that you can afford to pay. Several wima wuseis m close out at prices from $17.50 up. GLOBE-WERNECKE SECTIONAL BOOKCASES make most acceptable Christ mas Gifts for any member of the family. We are exclusive agents in Palatka for these and have them in stock in all the popular finishes. Prices estab lished by the factory, the same everywhere. $2.75 per section and up. a3 l&2i a - in, we e a a the ah for en- work. Handsome Pari 'A ) on son the notifying Cnila. CQn Ia C J wuiicaii gwu tw v 4" , WehavetheminKaltex.T", gpoicen of Oak Mahogany and Mission fini-v,e fjews naa shes, singly or in suites, ana are yet sure that nothing would add more JJR' jjve to the comfort of the whole family w3 ... Library or uvingroom uumis Spe peo- "OSTERMOOR" HOTEL STYLE MATTRESS, Regular Price $23.00 While the stock n hand lasts, we will give FREE with one of these very high grade mattresses, a good National or Spiral Bedspring. The two for the price . . oo nn u; olen havA in atnrk the ot tne ianrr, "" ..A X J regular OSTERMOOR Mattress at $15.00 each, as well as all other grades iron: t.ov up. ONE OF OUR DAVENPORTS AS A HOLIDAY GIFT would no doubt be appreciated by the folks at home. They are finished in all the popular finishes, and equipped with a high grade Bedspring and Cotton Mattress, and quickls convertible into a most comfort able bed. Prices $35.00 to $50.00. Don't Let Money Matters Worry You. We make the payments to suit. We pay the freight on cash purchases of $25.00 or over. - a they .J .side for U home. ads in parnside's afford tfljid soma yJth your J them. ft, The ih's and rr aiio- ' purchases Ififrnore. . , chese holi- i-nrit of our ctor in the ' these men i go without . lews matter YELVERTON'S M w W W 1 w U e 1 p JR nomeiui nisning oiuic ;M Palatka's Leading ane r.