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The Palatka news and advertiser. [volume] (Palatka, Fla.) 1908-19??, December 11, 1914, Image 3

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The Chief Executive Deplores
the Lack of Ships, Declares
That lha Government Must
Open the Gates of Trade and
Urges Passage of the Pend
ing Shipping Bill Rura
Credits and Safety at Sea.
Self Government For Filipinos
Again Recommended.
4 OTXOWING Is President Wil
Bal sou's annual messuue. deliver
ed at the beginning of tue
' short term of the Klxty-thlri
Aintlm.n nf thp CunirreHfl The hhm
loo upon wbieb you are now entering
wlU De tne closing session or tne smx
ty-thlrd congress, a congress, I veil
turn tn Mnv. which will Inns he reuiem
iapim fnr tha trrpnt Iwtriv lit thn'lffhffl.l
and rnntttruptive work which it has
done tn loyal response to the thought
and needs or tne country, i snouia
IIIta In this nilrlrpsa tn review the nntn
ble record and try to make adequiite
assessment of It. but no doubt we
tand too near the work tbat bns been
done and are ourselves too much pun
or it to piay tne pan or nisionnns iu
wnrri If
Moreover, our thoughts are now more
f the future thnn of the past. While
we have worked at our tasks of peace
tha n1rpiimsfnncMfl nf the whole aire
have been altered by war. What we have
done for our own land aud our own
people we did with the best tbat was In
us, whether of character or of Intelll
tranna with Bnhpr pnthllSiaSDI 8hd 8
confidence In the principles upon which
we were acting which sustained us at
ran tn nf the difficult undertuk
Ing. But It is done It has passed from
our hands. It Is now an established
ruii-t nf tha. Inirlslfltlnn of the COUlltTV
Its usefulness. Its effeots will disclose
themselves In experience. What chief
ly strikes us now. as we look about us
rinrtnir thono I'lnsliiu davs of a year
wblcb will be forever memorable In the
history of the world. Is that we race
new tasks, have been facing them
these six months, must face them In
th. months to come face them without
partisan feeling, like men who have
fonmtten evervthing but a common
duty and the fact that we are repre
' Th. United 8ttes, this great
people for whom we speak and
act, should be ready as never
before to eerve itself and to
! serve mankind i ready with its
resources, its energies, its forces
of production and its meane of
distribution. We are
not ready to mobilize our re
sources at once. We are not
prepared to use them imme
diately and at their best, with
out delay and without waste.
To speek plainly, we have
grossly erred in the way in
which we have stunted and hin
dered the development of our
merchant marine, and now, when
w need ships, we have not got
No Standing Army, but a
Trained Citizenry For War.
"We Have Not Been Negli
gent of National Defense."
A Powerful Navy Needed,
"But Who Shall Tell Us
WhatSorlofNavyto Build?"
To Learn and Profit by the
Lesson of Every Experience.
entatlves of 11 greiit people whose
thought is not of us. but of what Aiuer
lea owes to herself and to all mankind
In such circumstances ns these upoij
,!.. h a,. i.mii iinmzed aud ii us lulls.
War bus mterrupicd the mentis ot
trade not only, but also the processes
..r p.uln,.tii,ii III Europe it is destroy
log uieu n l resources wholesale ami
upon a scale nnpiecedeuiea huu
palling There Is reason to Tear thai
tne time Is near. If it he not already at
tjand. when several of Ihc countries ol
Euroe will ttml It difficult to do toi
their people what the Have hlthertu
iiwu-s easily able to do--man
'..a r,,,., i, .in, .mill things Ai
-rww-llimi "uu ,.,
. ihBT will need our help am
our manifold services as the have
i. ..i tictore and we
never ii-o't , . .
,h,..,irt i. rea.lv more tit and read
Khan we have evet been
Merchant Marine Must Be Built Up to
Meet Opportunity
It Is of eipial coliseum-tic that the
H.. -h..n. Knrolie nils U8..J "
....... ...,.u.r.ihle articles of mau
Ufacture and coumierce of which they
are In constant need and without hl h
... nent Halts and
nds still ge, ..-"
part of what they fortneri,
and eagerly l.s.k to us to supply their
?..!:K".. um. This is panic
ail om eui". thu
tares, greai mm -- -
fumth An.ei1.-a fhelr lines ot trade
have hitherto run chiefly athwart tne
not to our ports, but to the ports
of Great Britain and or me
I. . i An not stop to In
7. 1 . .!. .!. mo ka anv comment on
Just now is not the OP""1 j
and our duty S
ket, which w. must
must find the means of action TO
. . . .1,,. mnt neonle for
united praiee, ..
. whom w. apeak and t. Jho.d be
tady as never before to serre IM r
and to serve mankind, ready with Its
production and its me"-" -
... ic matter, a mat
,t u a " We n,Te th.
W " hm ar. we MUy ready to
resources, but are we
if we can make ready
hoto copyright 1314, by American Press
fullv readv: neither have we tne means
of distribution. We are willing, but
we are not fully able. We have the
wish to serve and to serve crently. gen
erously. But we are not prepared as
jve should be. We are not ready to
mobilize our resources at once. We are
nnt tirenared to use them Immediately
and at their best without delay anil
without waste.
Tn mipnk nlnlnlv. we have grossly-
erred In the way In which we have
stunted and hindered the development
of our merchant marine. And now.
when we need ships, we have not got
them We have year after year debal
ed. without end or conclusion, the best
policy to pursue with regard to the
use of the ores and forests and water
now. nf our national domain In th
rich states of the west when we
should have acted, and they are still
locked un. The key Is still turned
upon them, the door shut fast at which
thousands of visrorous men. full of
initiative, knock clamorously for od
tnittjince. The water power of our nav
Igable streams outside the national
domain also, even tn the eastern states,
where we have worked and planned
for generations, is still not used as It
might be, because we will and we
wnn't- hecuuse the aws we nave
made do not Intelligently balance en
coiir.iirempnt acainst reatrauit We
withhold bv regulation.
i have come to ask you to remedy
and correct these mistakes ana uuiih
sinns. even at this abort session of 8
congress which would certainly seem
to have done all the work that coum
mnsnnnhlv he exnected of it The
tim and the circumstances are ex
traordinnry. and so must our efforts bf
Fortnnarclv two great measures, fine
lv conceived, the one to unlocK. win
proper safeguards, the resources of the
nntional domain. tbsOotlier to encou
age the use of the navigable Water?
nntsiile that domain for the genera
tion of power, have already passed the
bouse of representatives and are reanj
fr Immediate consideration and a.
tion bv the senate With the deeesi
Mi-neatness I urge their prompt pas
sage. In them both we turn our naca
The government must open
k... nni ot trade, and open
them wide, open them before it
is altogether profitable to open
them or altogether reasonable
to aik private capital to open
u. at uenture. It IS not a
...., nt tha aovernment mo-
!,, ma the field. It should
take action to make it certain
that transportation at reason
.ki. ..t-. wvill be oromotly pro-
..h vn where the carriage
not at first profitable, and
... ffi,antlv orofitable to at
tract and engage private capita
and engage it in abundance, the
government ougnt to witnarew.
perplexed policy could we suovv oui
coutidence in the principles of llliert
us the source as well us the expression
of life; how better could we demon
strafe our own self possession and
steadfastness In the courses of Justice
and disinterestedness than by thus go
ing calmly forward to fulfill our prom
Ises to a dependent peop'e. who will
now look more anxiously than ever tt
see whether we have indeed the lilier
all!?, the unselfishness. Ille courage
the ralth we have boasted and profess
edV I cannot believe that the seimt.
will let this great measure ..f construe
five Justice await the actum ot anothei
..ingress Its passage would nub!
crown the record of these two yean
of memorable labor
But 1 think tbat you will agree with
me that this does not complete the toll
f nor ilntv. How are we tn carry our
goods to the empty markets of which
I have spoken If we have not tnt
l,i.w- now are we to build up a great
trade If we have not the certain and
constant means of transportation upon
which all profitable and useful com
merce depends? And how are we to
get the ships If we wait for the trade
tn .wei,,n without them? To correct
the many mistakes by which we nave
discouraged and all but destroyed tne
merchant marine of the country, to re
t co the arena bv which we have. It
seems almost deliberately, withdrawn
our flag from the seas, except wnere,
here and there, a ship of war Is bidden
enrrv It or some wandering yacnt dts
plays It, would take a long time ann
IntrAtra tnnnv detailed Items of legis
lation, and the trade which we ought
Immediately to handle wouia uisap
pear or And other channels while we
rlohfltpd thp Items.
Tho cnae Is not nnltke that which
confronted os when our own continent
was to be opened up to settlement and
Industry, and we needed long lines ot
roiiTTor oTtended means of transDor
tation prepared beforehand, If develop
ment was not to lag intoieraDry anu
wait Interminably, we lavisniy sun
idixad the bulldlne of transcontl
nental railroads. We look back upot
Hint with regret now. because the sub
uiities led to manv scandals of whlci
we are ashamed, but we Know tnai
the railroads had to be built, and 11
we had It to do over again we should
of course build them, but In anothei
way. Therefore I propose anothei
wnc of nrovidlng the means of trans
nortstlon. which must precede, not
tardily follow, the development of out
mna with our neighbor states ot
America. It may seem a reversal ot
the natural order of things, but tt is
fr,,o that rhn routes of trade must be
actually opened-by many ships and
regular sailings and moderate cnarges
hafnra Btronma nf merchandise will
flow freely and profitably through
It Should Be Passed to Profit by Open
ed Gates of Trade
Rsnn the nendlriff shlDOlng bill, dlS-
cussed at the last session, but as yet
n...oj h, neither house. In my Judg
ment such legislation Is Imperatively
nopded and cannot wisely oe uouipou-
ed. The government must open these
gates of trade, and open tnem wice.
open them before It is aitogetner proui
.hi tn nnsn them or altogether rea
sonable to ask private capital to open
-ritrnre m interna tlonal civilization. We
fhoiild show our earnest good faltb In
a great matter by adding our own ac
ceptance of It
Present Dangers to Navigation Ought
to Be Removed by Charts.
There is another matter of wblcb I
must make special mention. If 1 am tn
discharge my conscience, lest It should
escape your attention. It may seem a
very small thing. It affects only a
single item of appropriation. But
many human lives and many great en
terprises hung upon it It Is the mat
ter of making adequate provision fof
the snrvev and rhnrtlns of our coasts
It Is Immediately pressing and exigent
in connection with the immense coast
line of Alaska, a coast line greatel
than that or the United States them
selves, though It Is also very liupor
tant Indeed wltb regard to tne oiuei
coasts of the contlneut
We cannot use our great Alaskan
domain, ships will not ply thither. II
those coasts and their many hidden
dangers are not thoroughly surveyed
and charted. The work Is Incomplete
at almost every point Ships and lives
have been lost in threading what wen
supposed to be well known main Chan
nels. We have not provided adequatt
vessels or adequate machinery for the
survey and charting We have used
old vessels that, were not big enougti
or strong enough and which were sc
nearly unseaworthy that our" Inspector
would not have allowed private own
ers to spnd them to sea This is
matter which, as 1 have said, seemt
small, but Is In reality very great It
Importance has only to be Linked Int.
to be appreciated.
Urges Systematic Reorganization to
Gain Greater Efficiency.
Refnre I close may I any a few
words niion two tonics much discussec
out of doors upon which it Is hlghl
Important that our Judgments shmiic
hp clpnr deflnltp and steadfast?
One of these Is economy In govern
ment expenditures. The duty of ec.m
omy Is not debatable It is manliest
and Imperative. In the appropriation
we pass we are spending the niotie.
of the ereat people whose servants w.
are not our own. We are trustees am
responsible stewards In the spending
The only thing debatable and upot
which we should be careful to mak.
our thought and purpose clear Is tin
kind of economy demanded of us. I
assert with the greatest confidenc.
that the people of the United State
are not Jealous of the amouut theli
government costs If they are sure thai
they get what they need and desire foi
the outlay, that tbe money Is belli t
spent for objects of which they ap
prove and that it la being applied witt
good business sense and management
Governments grow piecemeal both
In tnetr tusks and In tbe means b
which those tasks are to be performed
and very few governments are organ
ized. I venture to say, as wise and ex
perieuced business men would organiKr
them If they had a clean sheet i papei
to write upon. Certainly tbe govern
ment of the United States Is not I
think that It Is generally agreed that
thpre should be a systematic reorganl
zatlon and reassembling of Its parts
so as to secure greater efficiency and
effect considerable savings in expense
nut the amount of money saved tn that
way would. I believe, though no doubt
cnnaldernhle in Itself, running. It may
be. Into the millions, be relatively
small small. I mean. In proportion to
thp total necessary outlays or tne gov
ernment. It would be thoroughly
worth effecting, as every saving would
irrpat or small.
Our duty Is not altered by the scale
f the saving. But my point is mat
hp npnnlp of the United States do not
wish to curtail the activities of this
tovernment They wish, rather, to en
loro-p thpm. and with every enlarge
ment with the mere growth, indeed,
of Jhe country itself, there must come,
of course, the inevitable Increase of ex
pense. The sort of economy we ought
to practice may be effected, and ought
to be effected, by a careful study and
assessment of tbe tasks to be per
formed, and the money spent ought to
be made to yield the best possible re
turns in efficiency and achievement
And. like good stewards, we should so
account for every dollar or our appro
them at a venture, u uuw m""" acC0unt for every dollar or our appro
of the government monopolizing the . prlatlon8 ns to make it perfectly evl
i.m tt ahnnld take action to make . ... .,.,. i. .uu ...xnt for and it
It should take action to make
at pprtntn that transDortatlon at rea
rates will be oromntb' pro
vided, even where the carriage Is not
at first profitable, and tnen, wnen me
.orrtacrn hn hpcnm sutflclently profit
able to attract and engage private cap-
1 a.i A .. .. le li atiiindariini tha
n,H.n hesitation ana masesu..! 71 oueht wlthdraw. 1
formulate a genuine policy of use and .mMtl. hon t the congress
conservation in the best sense of those - . ' , tn nllth
words Vc nwr the one measure not ... .Hlr,.ri- im.
- ... . . I nniiapH win auum iuw v r. -
only to tne pe.Mae ... ...... K,.
ern count" tat whose free and sys i flf rura, credits
temntlc deve ment. as It seems xu lt
me. our legislation has done so little. . dlf.
hnt also to the people of the nation . ,h tn
" .......... ..... u.e cie...lv owe the ncuix.es ot uie .uuj
as - . render lt Impossible to complete a uu.
other in fulfillment of our repe ed BmltCan
promise, that the vvater powe or tue . tbm,fore
country should lu fact as well m 0 other constructive mess-
name be put at the disposal o necessity for which I will at
Industrie, wblcb vi.u uiaae - fhta our aMetlon to. but
and profitable use of it tue wret.nt of a very manl
the public UrUM adequately Bu..u a(ten.
,he while aud monopoly tlon of7he annate to the fact that the
vented. To have proposed convention for safety at sea
and not completed them would Indeed P nflrmatlon and tnat the
mar the record of this great - covenUon Itself for
ver, seriously 1 hope and eon Hde'itl j umit n ed
believe that they will be compeu. . conference In
which this convention originated was
eel C GOVERNMENT tm called by the United States, ine rep-
' r-.. ,o..ir.c IP ilRrrn resentaUvea of the United States play
FILIPINOS IS URGtU. L, t terJ ,nfluentla part Indeed In
framing tne provisions or me iirui-u
. . cu. ,im Paa convention, and those prortolons are In
President Say. Senate Should r-e.e (or th. mo.t ajrolnl
Meeeure Now Before Senate. K wonM nardly be consistent
And there Is another great piece or wUn pan we have played In the
legislation which a watts aud should re wnoie matter to let It drop and go by
celve the sanction of the seuate. I the board as If forgotten and neglect
mean the bill which gives a large. jt was ratified In May last by tbe
measure of self government to tbe peo German government and In August by
... , rfM tutttpr It, . 1 1 . a ttrlta.n It
- K.r. we tbe meant at 1 pie or the rnuippme a iiue inuiriu .
wbat we have have are not this time of anxious fluesUonlng and I marks a most hopeful and decided ad
Hand to distribute itr "." "w
dent what lt was .siieiit for and lu
what way It was spent
it la not expenditure but extrava
gance that we should fear being critl
ewen for not naving for tne legiti
mate enterprises and undertakings of
a e-rPMt mivernmeut whose people com
mand what it should do. but adding
chut n-lll benefit only a few or pour
lng money out for what need not have
heen undertaken at all or might nave
been postponed or better and more
economically conceived and carried
out The nation is not niggardly; it is
very generous, lt will chide ns only
If we forget for whom we pay money
out and whose money it is we pay
These are large and general standards,
but they are not very difficult of appll
cation to particular cases.
Speaks Plainly and Direotly on Ques
tion of National Defenses.
The other topic 1 shall take leave
to mention goes deeper into the prin
ciples of out national life and policy.
It is the subjwt of uational defense.
It cannot tie discussed without first
anaweriuu some very searching ques
tions. It t said in some quarters tnat
we are not prepared tot war. What Is
meant b m-iug prepared IT Is It meant
that we are not read upon brief no
tice to urn i .oitiou in tbe field, a na
trained to arms? Of
not ready to do tbat
, ve. t in time of peace
yif( -i(iiip,t, -
Holiday Suggestions
FROM ' " . ,
tlou ol
(Continued on page 6)
Terms To
Suit You.
THE articles that we
suggest as suitable for
Holiday gifts are every
one.suoh articles as will
add to the comfort and
kontAT of tfif home and
stand as lasting remembrances of this Christmastime,
when we, of all the world powers, -can rightly cele
brate the birth of the "Prince of Peace" -in peaee.
Our Display of RUGS
embraces all the popular grades
and prices. We can supply just
about anything that you might
call for in this line, and during
the holidays we will give FREE
with every purchase of $25 00 or
more, one Hand Vacuum Carpet
in .1 xj1
a mm Ufi i h i x ir u n ult mm
This massive White
Iron Bedstead with 2
inch continuous posts
and very heavy fillers,
regularly sold at $7.50,
but specially priced
for the holidays at
only $5.00
PRICES $18 00 TO
has been arranged for at this time. Nothing would add more to the comfort of the home
KhfaStaation or one of these articles, and upon the Club Plan as arranged by these
factories, you get the low factory made price yet the easiest of terms. .
ffiu ChrtatmaB you can have any Buck's Sanitary Range or any Hoos.er Kitchen
Cabinet placed in your home upon the Club Terms of $1.00 cash and $1.00 per week. With
everrBuckPs Sanitar? Range sold during this Club we furnish FREE a complete 13 piece set
of Blue and White Enameled Cooking ware.
Quartered Oak Dining
Table, $12.50
We show here a quartered
Oak 6 foot extension Dining
Table which is really worth
$17.50, but during the Holidays
it will be specially priced at
$12.50. We also have others
ranging in price from $6.50 to
$50.00 each and in all finishes.
is lardA onH VOL Will find tiefC
just sach pieces as you may
wish for replacing or reiurnisu
nd vnur ninind room, and at
prices that you can afford to
pay. Several wima wuseis m
close out at prices from $17.50
make most acceptable Christ
mas Gifts for any member of
the family. We are exclusive
agents in Palatka for these and
have them in stock in all the
popular finishes. Prices estab
lished by the factory, the same
everywhere. $2.75 per section
and up. a3 l&2i
a -
e a
a the
ah for
Handsome Pari
Cnila. CQn Ia C J
wuiicaii gwu tw v 4" ,
WehavetheminKaltex.T", gpoicen of
Oak Mahogany and Mission fini-v,e fjews naa
shes, singly or in suites, ana are yet
sure that nothing would add more JJR' jjve
to the comfort of the whole family w3 ...
Library or uvingroom uumis
Spe peo-
MATTRESS, Regular Price $23.00
While the stock n hand lasts, we will give FREE
with one of these very high grade mattresses, a good
National or Spiral Bedspring. The two for the price
. . oo nn u; olen havA in atnrk the
ot tne ianrr, "" ..A X J
regular OSTERMOOR Mattress at $15.00 each, as well
as all other grades iron: t.ov up.
would no doubt be appreciated by the folks at home.
They are finished in all the popular finishes, and
equipped with a high grade Bedspring and Cotton
Mattress, and quickls convertible into a most comfort
able bed. Prices $35.00 to $50.00.
Don't Let Money Matters Worry
You. We make the payments to
suit. We pay the freight on cash
purchases of $25.00 or over. -
.J .side for
U home.
ads in
tfljid soma
yJth your
J them.
ft, The
ih's and
rr aiio- '
Ififrnore. . ,
chese holi-
i-nrit of our
ctor in the
' these men
i go without
. lews matter
M w W W 1 w
U e 1 p JR
nomeiui nisning oiuic ;M
Palatka's Leading
ane r.

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