Newspaper Page Text
FRIDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1915.
THE PALATKA NEWS, PALATKA, FLA. PAGE NO. THREE ARMENIANS' WOES v By FREDERICK HASKIN 5fe are more likely to dwell in the towns than in the country. They are mer chants, artisans, craftsman and the backbone of the communities. If mm, llai.ii kaan l-Uoi.. Trt...!,.l. ? strain that caused them to persist The Armenians were the first people to be converted as a nation to Chris- death. A whole race of people is be- 'a y' wnlc" "aPPenea B?. r!-b.u" in turned out nf it h,L I'V- ears ae- and they are stl1' Chris- t linn :i . ' i. itians. w w manv a uuu-uiUB maiCU llllO H strange and inhospitable land. Wild A million Armenians are today be ing driven into the desert by the lurks, there to meet almost certain mountain tribes are being unleashed Held Fast to Faith. Because of their religion they have in their rear and allowed tn km ami , been subjected to persecutions. Yet ravish them Fnn,l i on., a,i thXitheT faith was not to be shaken, march is through a hot country in the ! Those. Armenians who are today filing immer time. This incident that is taking place at the back door of Europe is a horror obscured by that which is greater and into the desert in the direction of Old Nineveh on the one hand, and Deir- Zor, west of Euphrates, on the other, might remain in their homes' if they nearer at hand. The powers that I wo , a s ,Z , r , nlty ruin Tnrkev have . tn ,),.;,, . declare themselves Moselems. But COMPLEX MARKETING SYSTEM Wholesale . Distribution of Fruits Of ten Appears to Take Circuitous Route. ijr.,,.1,: i. r n m fucsaajuy xuumii imnuiinK 01 cars may I&dSZ" PW deterioration of diseased fruit, or failing to give prop er attention to packing, to loading, or to bracing the packages in the car. Sometimes the railroad is at fault. Delay in transit, improper ventilation or refrigeration, or unne cessarily rough handling of cars may auunuance 01 iresn vcgeiaDies anOitv,- cv,;ot .;,i DEAN SWIFT AND HIS CHOIR. fruits brings with it the perennial necessity for their rapid, economical distribution and for encouraging a gensrous and steady consumption. Th j The lack of proper refrigeration facilities at distributing centers is a cause of much loss. When produce moves slowly, there is often much machinery for mormg these food pro- spoili Defo're mmete sales can ducts is complex and retail aealers made. Rough handling during un are often accused of net following loadin, or rti ; noth f closely the wholesale market quota- tant cause of ,os Ag a matterP of turns ; that m times of glutted mar- fact, the Opp0rtunities for losses due kets tliey -do not cut prices severely to the SDoifin of commodit.ies are so fraught with dire possibilities if tnac nation retains suilicient power to exe cute it. They have determined that Turkey shall exist for the Turks alone. AH other races, all religions but that of the Moslems, are to be driven out or exterminated. The Armenian tragedy is the first. In May the initial orders of removal went forth. Into a given region would come the command. All Arme nians were to arise and walk men, women, children, young and old. At Tarsus on the Mediterranean, at Ber gama, by the Aegean, at Unieh across the peninsula on the Black Sea the order has been received and the pop ulation is moving. Two streams of Armenians are winding into the semi-desert of Mes opotamia one toward the wild, arid jegions at the headwaters of the Ti gris, the other into the valley of the upper Euphrates. These are inhospi table regions, inhabited only by wild and nomadic tribes. Few of the refu gees can survive. Last month a cavalcade of hurrying fugitives paused for the night in the outskirts of Tarsus. American mis sionaries the next morning found that 35 babies had been left behind by mothers who could no longer carry them. At another point the fugitives .had to climb into the high mounains. Being almost without clothes, the mis sinoaries gave certain of them quilts to protect them from the cold. Babies Offered for Sale. One mother received a quilt, but asked whether, after she had passed the mountain, she should discard the cover or her babe as she had not strength, to carry both. All along the route babies are offered for sale for pittances. The Armenians occupy that portion of Asia Minor which extends furthest toward Europe. They are just across the straights from Constantinople and can hear the boom of guns from the Gallipoli Peninsula. This neck of land between the Black and Mediter ranean Seas is 501) miles wide and t00 miles long. It is a high, broken Dlateau. dillicult of access. Lvinsr ere, almost m the cradle ot cmlizu- lon and at the fountain source of the nnm nm i.i.'i's ill i.im wmi i. I . is ;i they will not. It is 75 years since American mis sionaries first began to establish schools among these Christians dwell ing among the wild tribes of Asia Mi nor. Today, there are six large col leges maintained in the region by these Americans missionary associa tions, and a thousand young Armeni ans have been attending each. Aside from these, there are several hundred and aid in a rapid movement from picducer to consnmer. But the res ponsibility for slow and uneconomic movement into consumptive channels is difficult to trace. The large class of food distributors known as "mid dlemen" are often accused of levy ing, arbritrarily, a heavy tribute on all food stuffs passing from 'the pro ducer to the consumer. The aten tir.i of the public has been frequent ly directed to increased costs of pro ducts rather than service rendered. The new United States Department of Agriculture Bulletin, No. 267, Meth ods of Wholesale Distribution of common schools.' Altogether 20,000 , Fruits and Vegetables on large mar .mc...... j.iB .kets, does not indict the "middlemen" been studying in these American as a d although it points out some schools. They have learned cnglish,of the abuses j the trade. As a niive in turn uecmie preacners, tins merchant, engineers, de .matter of fact, say the Department'.- t X 1-. i v, t ; tnt marketing organization, econom of ivlightenment has stcien into tre vhole ruu-n has thus be-t e ren dered by Americans. So has Armenia become a sort of stepchild of Uncle Sam. When in 1895 the Turks gave the Kurds a free hand to surfeit themselves with slaughtering Armenians, the Ameri can missionaries were present and laws would not permit the long con tinued existence of a marketing agen cy which was solely a parasite. Several important factors hav" contributed to the establishment of many middlemen as necessary agents in the present system of marketing. Production during the last decade has lvcreased greatly, and improved metb saw 50,000 of them killed. Again in ods and facilities' for handling the in- l'J09 the demon of bloodshed was un leashed and these same Amreicans saw their Christian charges killed to the number of 20,000. At Van and Mardin they have recently seen the men and the' old women murdered and the young women borne away by the hundred to the harems of the Turks. They are today witnessing the driv ing out of the whole people . Missionaries and Armenians. These missionaries have led a tu multuous life. Many of them have died in their attempts to save their people. Many of them have attempt ed to prevent their crease have been introduced. Keep ing pace with increased production has come the demand of consumers for more elaborate and efficient ser vice. Seldom is the fact considered that service can become a very ex pensive luxury With the widening of the distance between the city and the sources of its fruit and vegeta ble supplies there has arisen the ne cessity for special agencies to meet the changed conditions The present distributive machinery, with all its strong points and its weakness, has been created of neces- manifold that it is impossible to en ter into a complete discussion of them. It is always well to bear in mind the really serious side of losses and wastes. The spoiling of a dozen can taloupes, a basket of grapes, or i crate of strawberries represents an absolute loss to the community. No benefit accrues to producer, distribu tor, or consumer from such a condi tion. The loss accurring at this point must be borne by both producer and consumer, and in a great many caseis the distributor must bear his part of the burden. The Department's spe cialists think in many cases losses an I wastes are entirely too heavy a tax on food distribution and that the elim ination of unnecessary wastes would do as much toward effecting perma nent, substantial economics in mar keting and distributing as any read justment ot present marketing meth ods could do. The fact that a large percentage of these losses can be avoided by proper grading, packing, and shipping, together with prompt, efficient handling while the goods art in process ot distribution, makes it imperative that this subject be given special consideration by those inter ested m the efficient marketing of farm crops. A better understanding by the far mer of the complex marketing ma chinery would enable him to intelli gently choose between the many chan nels through which his fruits nnd vegetables might be marketed The new bulletin aims to make clear to the layman the rather intricate ma- hinery of the market and deals with methods of receiving, inspection, re- p;ttions, terminal distribution and sales methods, the broker, auction sales, carlot wholesalers, commission merchants, iobbing sales, public mar kets, etc. This bulletin may be had Gingers, Like Poets, Must Be Very Good, He Wrote. A characteristic letter written by Deau Swift lu reference to an applica tion bv 11 Mr. Lovelace for a vacant place In the choir of St Patrick's cathe dral, I')ublin. appears 1 the appendix to the thirteenth report of the histor ical MSS. commission. Musical News gives an extract: "I desire you will ask my Lord Ox ford whether his brother Nathaniel un derstands musk k; if he does and rec ommends Mr. Lovelace particularly from his own knowledge, something may be said. I have the honour to be captain of a band of nineteen musi cians (including bys! but my quire Is so degenerated under the reigns of for mer Deans of famous memory that the race of people called Gentlemen Lovers of Musick tell me that I must be very careful in supplying two vacaneyes. whirh I have been two years endeavor ing to do so. "For you are to understand that In disposing the musical employments I determine to act directly contrary to Ministers of Stnte by giving them to those who best deserve. If you had recommended a person to me for a Church-living in my gift I would be less curious: because nn Indifferent par son may do well enough. If lie be hon est; but Singers, like their brokers the Poets, must be very good, or they are good for nothing." massacre have succeeded. The embassy at Con-j of much adverse criticism, stantinnnle has been kent. busier with part of the country is now missionary pleas from Armenia than I the perishable products jam witnout law, almost wiinoui. , rcfllsl,(1 to !et him ,eturn to Asia and roads. Tne people who farm it dwell ihe js now vro(essor of mathematics 111 vuiu.yt-s iui jti usi-i -nun. The majority of the inhabitants of the region are Turks. There are. n addition, the wild tribes of the moun tains, the 'jriK These sji-aget me not Moslems, but are used by the lurks to serw tbvxr purpo-es. Ui thiiikably blojdthii iy, they have but to be passed a hint and they are ready to swoop down linn any scti',cir.":i'. and slay and ui'ti! they are sur feited. Then there are the Armenians, irreTtlv m the minority and the vie tims of both Turks a usual risnire set as the Armenians is l.a'M,0tH). but tlvro are probably not more than UHiO.PUO. .The Armenians have dwelt heve since the dawn of history. They are greatly superior to the wild, bb ly peoples among whom they ilvc. fl iuy smd sity, anu " nas weainerea uie storm . ... j-..--.-., PrlnIi, . bve,'y i cation 'to the United States Depart einoymg I , . f a:h,, w..n n of the most I r ' ' . with all their other duties combined. ! remote districts. Any reudjuscmeni I When chaos has raSfd throughout ,of present market practices must be , p j Christian Endeavor this lawless, isolated and the govern- I based upon the tact that some agency " ' ; ' ment at Washington has exerted vast 'must continue to perform the func- 1 he topic lor loung Peoples and lions oi tne presem-oay middleman. riLcuncuuuf ruliclics iical ounuuy is The problems mvulved in handling '. te a Leader: lie a follower: We "oods th'-cuirh a hvee market iJWl'cv : think this means not to shirk respon creatlv from those of production. ! sibili'.y when it is our duty to stand Usually one man or one firm can not. handle both production and distribu tion and succeed at both. Tre ves! volume of business transacted at Y:ili large market centers makes necessary some special agencies which can tie-, "nee vote all their energies to distribution. Especially does the machinery for ef ficient marketing become necessary when perishable goods are to be han dled. Commodities of this sort must be moved rapidly, must be distribu ted evenly, and from their very na ture permit of, no weakness in dis tributive machinery, if they are to be sold at a profit. With the perishable nature of a dwelt large part of the fruits and vegeta bles marketed tneve must, be s nne pressure in the interest of its citizens who were conducting Amei iean schools there. They are a people who respond readily to an intellectual opnortnui'.y. j A youngster in one of the missionary ! college.-', showed such promise that he was sent to America to nnisn at laie, lie showed such mentality that !o of being unwilling to be by others who know mo at the American institution, the au thor of books, master of many lan guages. The Armenians of the mountain re gions are tall, handsome, sharp-faced men. Their hair is coarse and bla' k and their noses are apt to have a de cided hook. Nearer the coast they are shorter and coarser. Thev live in the same sort of houses, half undc ground, in which their ancestors :;.000 years ago. in a responsible place; and it also mears that we should not have th fals.' p; directed about bow to do the work than we do. in a while conies the call to id;" many times to be a "follower." i Mr. W. ,1. Glendon, president of the ll'ir-t Christian society of Jacksonville, Us employed on the Florida Metropolis ; fon-e. He is one of our Endeavor I workers who can be depended upon to !an-wer letters faithfully. The Daytona Halifax Journal an nounced last week: we invite hn deavorers young and old. Tins night we set up the 'Dixie Standard.' You will want to help us raise it. Come." This invitation was by the Congrega- ly ami me le- i j me larinei leancs. rtir insuui nd Kurds. The , ftT QlV ClVTTT' ClV according to the Department's m: 3 number of the ! IW kSlA'M.iAL V "VJIA. ket specialists, the los on su-h en This ,1, i.i u in.au I'll"" uiii,iiw -'vi.i.iii ... ki I. in .-. - s- ti i a rrurn i-IH1 mi nriMiMniM w i.nii.13 ob reven. XT: ,i.,n..o ...:lt k.,...L l ivc in 'A uv.sio win uiv.n uny i.i.-., niiu . , . - , t , if tiikcn then as a tonic the Fever will not '" return. It acts on the liver better than CJ (l"e to spoil. n Calomel nnd docs not gripe or sicken. 25c 01 ,he shippers i loss. This often totals higher than i tional church, and one tiling is note the farmer realizes. For instance, I worth, not only young but older-grown nr-1 r.mleavorers are wanted. How many specialists, the loss on su;'!i com- joiner societies set up tne Dixie ew modities as strawberries, neaehe.-'. idard" last Mmday night '.' How many grapes, sometimes amounts to 1(0 or ID per cent before they reach retail trade. Loss ; nvy be the result ending over-ripe or Note the Tread W t A J ; i-J I 1 III f I VV NON-SKID Safety Service Satisfaction At Low Prices Lower Than The Prices On Plain Treads Of Many Other Standard Makes FISK NON-SKIDS Compare With Plain Tread Casing Prices Of Other Standard Makes 41x34 - 27.30, 31x30 - 12.20 4 x33 4 x34 20.00 20.35 41x36 - 28.70 5 x37 - 33.90 There is no Better, no Safer Tire ! There is no Organ ized Service in the industry to compare with that back of Fisk Tires. Fisk Tires For Sale By r-1 ,r T" ELc I U W B LI , -i . WALTER W. TILCHMAN, Majer PALATKA FLORIDA Kt.U.t.Pal.C. TirotoRa-tfcfcf (Boy Ftafc. really known what the Standard is? It was noticed that in the tine pro gram prepared by the State Sunday School Association and given due space in the papers, our O. K. slogan, "Florida for Christ," appeared as part of the grand climax. F.ndeavorers ai " also Sunday school members, and of ten teachers in them. We believe in ! going to Sunday school year around, l rain or shine, and EVERY Sunday. "Make your dollars get results" wa-' 1 printed on a mail order envelope sent to this parsonage home recently by a !iijiior house. That is just what En lieavorers want to do both in money land other things "done unto the Lord." jWe want, results, and even when they seem slow in coming, after having idono our best, can have fatih that the 'results will surely come, j Mrs. Louis E. Eigle, secretary of I the l'omona society is one of the last :to return the press department blank, tilled out and showing that she had I undertaken to serve as reporter for lEndeavorers in that large, wideawake (organization of Northeastern district. I Has your society sent its annual dues or any such help to Mr. Cava- ! GRACE A. TOWNSEXD, ilnterlachen, Oct. 4th, 1915. When Dahy Has the Croup. When a mother is awkened from sound sleep to find her child who has gone to bed apparently in the best of health struggling for breadth, she is i naturally alarmed. Yet if she can keep her presence of mind and give Chamberlain's Cough Remedy every .ten minutes until vomiting is produc ed, quick relief will follow and the Ic nild will drop to sleep to awaken in j t he morning as well as ever. This hemedy has been in use for many years with uniform success. Ob tainable everywhere. j Mrs. Bumpweather Explains. 'I have observed," says Mrs. Bump weather, "that when I am extra kind to people they think I am easy going and take advantage of me. But I can well afford to laugh, because it Is per fectly true " Despise the Little Fears. Don't be afraid of shadows. They are , really not dangerous of them selves, and have often been known to be quite friendly especially In sweethearting times. Tou wer not afraid of them then. Chronic Constipation. "About two years ago when I be gan usin" Chamberlain's Tablets I had been suffering for some time with stomach trouble and chronic consti pation. My condition improved rap idly through the use of these tablets. Since taking four or five bottles of them my health has been fine," wtites Mrs. John Newton, Irving, N. Y. Obtainable everywhere. DR. F. E. JENKINS EYE, EAR, NOSE AND THROAT Office Hours:' 9 a. m. to 1 p. m. Other hours by ap pointment. Moragne Building Over J. H. Haughtons Drug Store PALATKA. FLORIDA. NEVH0NE 77 my wife 1 NO OTHER LIKE IT. NO OTHER AS COOO. Purchase Ihe "NEW HOME" .nit v wtllh.n. a life onset at the price you pay. The elimination of repair expense by superior workmanship and best quality of material insures life-lone service at mini mum cost Insist on having- the NEW HOME". WARRANTED FOR ALL TIME. Known the world over for superior Bewing qualities. ot sold under any other name. THE NEW HOME SEWING MACHINE C0,,0RANGE,MASS ton SALC BY J. H. YELVERTON, Palatka, Fla. RANDALL WELLS, C. E. County Surveyor of Putnam County I .n ml Hurvfylntf, .Drain aire "Work, -Maps, Hlue Prints, i'niwinusi of il kinds Tiniber Kstimates, 1,hik1 lu spectfen, lOtc. AiMMirney uiiriiniot cl. 20 acres of, hammock land situated at Lundy, Fla., two miles south of Palat ka, on the A.' C. L. Ry. Suitable for Chicken Ranch, Orange Grove, Trucking, etc II o m e market for all products raised. Price $500, terms. Title perfect. Farming Lands suitable for Truck, Stock, Pouitry, Etc. Also bearing groves of Oranges, Grapefruit, Tangeries, Etc Choice City and Sub urban Property. LIST BKNT OS HKQUE8T. P. J. BECKS Real Estate Palatka, Fla. G. I.OPKH BA11.KT. J. W1.IKII 1I1I.1.IAHD President Pevy. and Trees THE G. L0PER BAILEY CO. Fire Insurance Leading American and Foreign Companies Life Insurance Isrfb fnscrsnce The Leading Cohipanies Crescent City, Fiorida ALL CLAIMS PROMPTLY SETTLED. 117 Lemon Street PALATKA, FLORIDA KOPFEREOSCH Hotel and Restaurant CHAS. KUPPERBUSCH, Proprietor REGULAR MEALS, 25 CENTS . At all hours. We make a specialty of ! serving Oysters. Court Week Is Right Here ami you may have time to go down to the new Harness, Wagon, and Farm Implement business. Come and make yoursslf at home. Perhaps I can do you some gnod, a :d save you some money. REMEMBER, "If it isn't rirfht, I'll make it right." GEM CITY HARNESS CO. GEO. W. NEWTON, Proprietor (Formerly with J. E. Edmonson, GRIFFIN BUILDING PALATKA, FLA. Bungalow Park continues to excite admiration from all who have an pmbitirn tn OWN THEIR OWN HOME. Those pretty Bungalows look HOME LIKE; they are home like. And they were easily acquired. YOU CAN ACQUIRE ONE SIMILAR TO THEM VERY EASILY. All you have to do is to turn your rent money into payrrents to apply on the purchase. We would like to take the matter un with you tell you what we will do to help you get a home. Palatka Development Co. L. K. TUCKER, SR.. Agent 113 S. Second Street PALATKA, FLA.