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PALATKA NEWS, PALATKA, FLA. FRIDAY, JANUARY 21, i9l6 ::: IffS GEN. ROBERT E. LEE Commemorative Address Before the New York- Southern Society on the Anniversary of the Great Commanders Birth 8 BMW MB 33 The South may claim with pardon able pride that it furnished not only the President of each of the divided sections in the struggle for the es tablishment of a separate Confedera cy, but the great central figure of the Civil War for the North as well as for the South. History will accord that Abraham Lincoln was the one conspic uous figure on the side of the Union, and for the South none will challenge that claim for Lee. They were, more over, representatives of the widely di. vergent classes of our section, the plebeian and the patrician. The story of Lincoln might well be class ed with "The short and simple annals ot the poor." -while Lee came straight from the ca valiers and their descendants, the wealthy cultured aristocracy of Vir ginia. "His father, Colonel Henry Lee, better known as "Light Horse Harry," was the beau sabreu of the American army in the War of Inde pendence, and it was he who proclaim ed George Washington as "First in war, first in peace and first in the hearts of his countrymen." Upon his mother's side he claimed the lineage of the Carters of Shirley. Born on January 19th, 1807, his child hood and youth were passed in the cultivated circles of the tidewater re gion of Virginia. At the age of 18 he entered West Point and completing the course of study without a single mark of demerit, he graduated second in a class of forty-six. For several years he served in the Engineer Corps, constructing coast defenses, and for a part of this time in charge of the as tronomical department of the Govern ment. In 1832 he married the daugh ter of George W. Parke Custis, the adopted son of Gen. Washington, and later was made captain on the staff in the Mexican War. Of all the brilliant reputations among the younger group of officers which were won in that campaign Lee's was the most conspicuous. Up on him the commander-in-chief leaned as upon no other. At Cerro Gordo he was brevetted major for exceptional gallantry. At Contreras and Cheru busco he was officially proclaimed for meritorious conduct, and on account of a wound received in the assault on Chapultepec, September 13, 1847, he was given his promotion to lieutenant -colonel. It was at Contreras, when the army was baffled, that the quick eye of Lee discovered, by a daring reconnaissance, a line of approach hidden from the enemy by which the position might be taken. This the commander-in-chief of the army char acterized as "the greatest feat of phy sical and moral courage performed by any individual during the entire cam paign." In his renort General Scott said: "I am compelled to make special men tion of Capt. R. E. Lee, engineer. Ho greatly distinguished himself at the siege of Vera Cruz, was indefatigable S ""X y Gen. Robert E. Lee. Confederacy, the people of the Old Dominion with one voice turned to him as commander of her army. Then: pure and "Forth from its scabbard, bright, Flashed the sword of Lee I Far in front of the deadly fight, High o'er the brave in the cause of Right, . Its stainless sheen, like a beacon light, Led on to victory. "Out of its scabbard! Never hand Waved sword from stai ajfree, Nor purer sword led braver i.and, Nor braver bled for a brighter land, Nor brighter land had a cause so grand, Nor cause a chief like Lee!" ' The storv of his military career is practically the story of the Army of Northern Virginia, and it reads more during these operations in reconnais sances, as daring as laborious, arid of the utmost value Nor was he less conspicuous in planting batteries and in conducting columns to their sta tions under the heavy fire of the ene my." He further says: "Captain Lee, so constantly distinguished, also bore important orders from me, until he fainted from a wound and the loss of two nights' sleep at the batteries." After the Mexican War he was ap pointed, in 1852, Superintendent of the Military Academy at West Point, and in 1855, Lieutenant-Colonel of the Sec ond Cavalry, under Col. Albert Sidney Johnston. In 1859 he was directed by the President of the United "States to arrest John Brown and his fallowers in their murderous invasion of Virgin, ia, and on March 10, 1861, he was ap pointed Colonel in the United States army. When the Southern States were se ceding and war seemed inevitable, up on the recommendation of General Scott, then Commander-in-Chief, Pres ident Lincoln offered Lee the command of the armies of the Union. Virginia had not yet seceded, but Lee .looking into the future and feeling assured that his native State would upon any act of aggression make common cause with the other Southern States, de clined the tempting offer. In a letter written, April 20, 1861, he made that never-to-be-forgotten dec laration: "With all my devotion to the Union and the feling of loyalty and duty as an American citizen, I have not been able to make up my mind to raise' my hand against my relatives, my children, my home. Save in de fense of my native State, with the sin cere hope that my poor services may never be needed, I hope. I may never be called upon to draw my sword." When at length hostilities began and Virginia took her place in the t 4.1,0 army at tne commencement u ....- Union advance. me conuuenw i" Grant of many officers and men had V.oon cVinkpn " At Spottslyvania Nicolay and Hay, authors of the Life of Lincoln, Say "Grant was completely, checkmated That t "s is true is evident from ho fnnt that turnine aside from the ' direct route to Richmond, with Lee's army in front of him, whicn army , announced in the beginning of the pamnnicn s his obiective. ne marcn- ed toward the James River, which he crossed in the effort to capture Pe tersburg by surprise. The army of Lee was, however, at Petersburg in time, and there held Grant at bay for nine months of the summer and winter of '64 and '65. As far as the Confederates were concerned, the annals of the siege of Petersburg might well be termed the annals of starvation exposure and misery. True to its colors, the army of Lee was starving to death. The Commissary . General reported that "the Army of Northern Virginia was living literally from hand to mouth." Beef sold for $6 per pound and flour at $1,000 a barrel. At ojie time, pleading with his government for food. Lee said that for three days hi3 men had been in line of battle and had not 'tasted meat. In the early spring of 1865, after nine months of persistent effort, Grant i V. 110 AAA mnn ,1.a11 fnA ol '1 A QTlll like romance than history. Through ar, thr'ou h the lines de. four years of the bloodiest war known fmAJ hv. Lees force of 49 n00 Veter- to history at that time tnat half starved, ragged and most of composed of the flower of Southern thgm 8hoeess manhood, under its matchless leader, " Then came 'he en(J at App0raattox, made a record of victories never sur- where Qn A u 9 lg65 the remnant of passed in the annals of warfare a rec- once ificent army now num. ?&Z!Ia ? bering less than 28,000 (of which only , , , , , r : 15,000 were carrying arms) surren- should claim as our proudest; , ' . . riniAp' WRS n FEEBLE, AGED WOMAN Says Vinol Made Her Strong Grand Saline, Texas.-f and lor a ions u- -. - -,tt 23 Kebu Vinol Stored my health and strength so that I feel almost young again andgam doing all my housework. rfiSneonle who are weak and feeble shouFd try Vinol and know its merits as I do It the best medicine to create ..- J and for chronic colds I have ever Uken-Mrs.FANNlE E.RODGERS. eVnS our delicious cod liver .an iron tonic, is sold on our guarantee to benent or your money will be returned. Aekerman-Stewart Drug Co. Palatka. Upon this world's stage no more pa thetic scene, no more heroic incident has ever been witnessed. With what cnuaren s cmiuren ages '"-"6 , , ... more, ne assumeu cuminunu ui aimj in June, 1862, when McClellan was im mediately in front of Richmond. On June zb, witn an J ' .pride the fenerations yet unborn shall numoers ana equip., " claim descent from those who, true to the forces of McClellan m their in- h . genge f d which Lee Wm. trenchments and for seven days the g wag ..theublimegt( word in bloody conflict raged, until .McClellan fc h ,anguage fought under took .refuge .under .the protection of hs this immortal soldier gunboats .at H"0"""' nd died on those victorious fields, or army def eater , Leo turned I upon a tec- survivi stood true to his colors at ond larger than his own, marching Annoma?;ox upon Richmond from another d.rec- 1 fs farewell address to his ar- Bv one of the most brilliant and hidL;'X0Vw"Lt.t.y.J l.,1? the consciousness of duty faithfully wars, Lee, p Performed; and I earnestly pray that l"k"nJfffi'!'G merciful' God will extend to you His With an un- ton ana oeconu maimssaa mm uiuvc . , j 1,flf M nrma'J"Z: ceasing admiration of your constancy and devotion to your country and a ONE YEAR THE PALATKA NEWS National Y?ar Bcok and Encyclopedia Tri-Weeh y Ccnstituiion, (he Year Southern tarinj (Weekly), Ok Year 2 ( FO!-: ALL of the fortifications at Washington McClellan had been removed for his defeat and Pope followed in his train. Disregarding both these defeated ar mies, Lee moved rapidly into Mary- grateful remembrance of your kind and "enerous consideration of myself, I bid you an affectionate farewell. : j T , tt , t? . j 1 soon alter tne surrender ne accept- iC?S TJLf"'; ed the presidency of Washington ell- "r n i lege at Lexington, Va. He had ubnyoienl National YEAR BOOK LiiafcncvicloTJedia A History of the World's lesiings During 1915 Y"(LT neeil this new National Year lliiok, AIm;i.imc aiiO Kncyclo M'dia for IMG your I'nmily needs it vt Umly ouKi't to have it idt r your copy lot; a. v. It's chock .ull of intereatins i'at-ts and useful I n f jrmation. t "l ie bi$ book ol U:e k cd lor :hc home ever pubiishcil" An elaborate description of the ood things to bo found within its overs is not possible in this space, hut here is a brief digest which -ill five an ide- of the wide range i subjertst treated: .iiiioiut KtentH of including an account of the great world war, wit h chronology, eon ospondence with Germany and other matters of interest. Imnniii1 Matter, showing calendars, astronomical calculations, lepal holidays, ready reference calendar for -ifo years, etc, rfiele and stntiMticii on Siieh Time ly SuiijectN as the Commission on Iridust rial Kelatitms, the League for National Defense, The Haue Tribunal, the L'nited States Army and Navy, the Chamber of Com merce of the l'nited Stat', Hoy Scouts of A m ric:, Ca nip Kire (ilrls. Ileclamation Service, etc. Kedentl Lawn in which all are vital nierstate Commerce, Income Tax, Tariff, vp right Laws. etc. Marriaue and Divorce. Kight-Hour Day. . ".wiiii ieco:ds in aviation, automoiuie tspecu recorus, oa.seoau, ( l tupi'- iiam--s, etc. iir.ir imi Agriculture. Aianuiaciui ins anu .nmns inuus les and nianv other vital things. f each it;tte in the union, treating (f phyisical features. at, etc, ci.mute and n.suuy. the bijiest we have ever offeied our readers. There are of different subjects are covered, and everything right a n s w e r s eve r y question. otirhClf --Uun't Hrrw Vour .eighlmrN. Imblifhed in Atlanta every week, is recognized as on" of th- best farm journals in the south. It has Vet"). b-;ng widelv rirculated from Virginia to Texas. It f int"est to th farmer and the tanners wte, and is an 3 6 sted. such us :. nk in a t as vY . )y inter Hunk ;i;ury, State l.aH. si. . ng Itr ri hor raring. In Co rum tun mil li ii r-Jitic:tl l'; v. DcHcHttf ive A vi trlffi in.lnst. i'-s. g' n;i T ' j i . nt-w i;o-k is 41G p;tg s. thi.i'.-:m;.-ud to t ;e iniaut" .t t.et a yy Utr S( lUERi ! A -vlMi a cula : ion ti.ats on ev authority on .-ouiioin faimi I'ure i-'ood. ! nd Currency. inn Miflray and meets the problems uf the southern farmer. T!i ur Ll V i ftRl'll lilt M oin-s three times a week with all the i.i'HLtnil VVt.tJli Llloil Htest news. It is the best illustrated mw.'-paier in V: c uniiy, and. besides the news, carries many departments of interest tc the iainily. I s continued stories, humor and editorials are of tl.e Mjjh-st o di i makir.g it "The NOmdard newspaper of the south." W" have ai-tangcd specti:! clubiiiif rates which enable us to make the above remark able ffer for a. h subscriptions. Copy of the Year Rook and Knc cb-pedia. Soutaein I'ajininy and Trt-Ve'kly (."(institution can b seen at th! ofr.ee. 'all at once, renew .Tour subscription and take advantage of th lemaikable oftcr. SEND ALL ORDERS TO THE PALATKA NEWS. aA KnlHier and citizen of Mas- cch.iaptts. Charles Francis Adams, reared in the New England school oi politics, himself tnrougnout ine wai tii. armv which confronted Lee. son of that Charles Francis Adams ,.,v, o iTnitPtl States Minister to Kntrland durine the Civil War proba bly did as much as any other one man to defeat the cause of the Confedera cy, grandson of John Quincy Adams and ereat-grandson of that elder Ad- omo rlin snpceeded Washington as President of the United States, a man differed from Lee in his in terpretation of the duty an American citizen owes as between his State and the central Gevernment tnat ne ae oUreii he would eo aeainst Massachu setts for the Union, has written thi for historv: "If Robert E. Lee was a traitor, so also and indisputably was George Washington. Washington furnishes a precedent at every point. A Vir. tr ninn. ike L,ee. ne was aiso a out ish subject; he had fought under the British flag, as Lee had fought under that", nf the United States: when, in 177R. Virginia seceded from the Brit ish Empire he went with his State, just as Lee went eighty-five years la ter; subsequently wasningion com- manripri armies in tne neia aesitrnaieu by those opposed to them as 'rebels' and whose descendants now glorify them as 'the rebels of '76,' much as Lee later commanded and at last surrendered much larger armies, also designated .'rebels' by those they confronted. Except in their outcome the cases were, therefore, nreciselv alike: and logic is logic, It oonseauentlv appears to follow that if Lee was a traitor Washing ton was also." H further savs: "In him there are exemplified those lofty elements of personal character, which, typifying Virginia at her high est, made Washington possible. Es sentially a soldier, Robert E. Lee was a many-sided man. I might speak of him as a stratecist. but of this as pect of the man enough has . perhaps been said. I might refer to the res pect, the confidence and love witn which he inspired those under his com mand. I might dilate on his restraint in victory; his patient endurance in the face of adverse fortune; the se rene dignity with which he in the end triumphed over defeat. But, passing over all these wen-worn memes, i shall confine myself to that one attri bute of his which, recognized in a soldier by an opponent, I cannot but regard as his surest and loftiest title to enduring fame. I refer to hi", hu manity in arms and his scrupulous re gard for the most advanced rules of modern warfare." Denying the contention that war must he made hell, holding up to ex ecration the authors of the bloodiest deeds in history, this generous foe and great American said: "I reioice that no such hatred at taches to the name of Lee. Reckless of life to attain the legitimate ends of war, he sought to mitigate its hor rors. Opposed to him at Gettysburg, I, here forty years later, do him jus tice. No more creditable order ever issued from a commanding General than that formulated and signed at Chambersburg by Robert E. Lee, as toward the close of June, 1863, he ad vanced on a war of invasion. 'No greater disgrace,' he then declared, 'can befall the army, and through it our whole people, than the perpetra tion of barbarous outrages upon the innocent and defenseless. Such pro ceedings not only disgrace them, but nrp snhvprsivp nf thp. dispinline flnif i it ncu , . , , - i . .i - fought with the exception of Gettys- wno nave imoueu ineir nanus, in uieir ; efficiency of the army, and destructive Antietam, ,u,uuu' . T- " lv iot the ends ot our movement, it must and upon these fields, although it fail- ,tne. avenging pen oi nihiory. be remebered that we make war only ed to beat the army pitted against it, I As I"aun and soldier the avenging on armed men-. it stood in battle array on each occa- D,en J history has already written , In scope and spirit Lee's order wa? sion for twenty-four hours, wa- 'thls of Lee: In nobility of character, observed, and I doubt if a hostile force attacked and marched away unmolest- in moral gradeur, attested by his hu- !ever advanced into an enemy's coun ed. jmamty, he lived "the model for till fu- try or feli back frotn it in retre;.t He was now to show that in def en- ture times." In the annals of war leaving behind less cause of hate and sive fighting he was a greater master ,nis nlace 1S with the greatest. i bitterness than did the army of Nor- of the art of war than in his offensiva 1 what ot this charge of treason an.i ,thern Virginia in that memorable operations. Grant, with the largest wnat Kina oi uaiiur was iec . m- campaign which culminated at Gettys army .ever marshalled upon this con The best is the cheapest H you want the best See the Sexto I represent the largest and i reliable marble works in thesj The HcNeal Garble Marietta, Ga. Lots cleaned FREE for one YVllll CYClJf luuiiuine 111 SOlCj J.l. Duosf o Palatka, Florid? 226 North 5th St. Phone Farming Lam ' suitable for Truck, Stock Poultry, Etcl Also bearing groves of Oranges, Grapefruit Tangeries, Etc Choice City and Sulf urban Property. LIST BENT ON RKQUK8T P. J. BECKS Real Estate P.l.tka.F. , I.OPKB BAILKT. - President . J. Wai.tkkHJ ;f?ei'y. Biid'ft; re fused large proffers of money for hi? defeat serv'ce or the use of his name for va rious enterprises. ne uecuneu uiem all. saying he felt it his duty to live with his people and to endeavor in" educating the youth of the South to do all in his power to aid in the res- at Antietam on September 17, 1862, the bloodiest battle of the Uivil War. McClellan. who after Pope's had been reinstated in command, was again removed for failing to inflict a crushing defeat upon Lee, and Burn side was made Commander-in-Chief j. a " i - - ti j rrn.;.. or tne Army oi tne r, .tomac. i . f - and harmony and same army of .Lee signally defeated fo nf n f my of Burnside at Fredericks- r V r.Vi tne army oi Dornuu. .w -: state or" eeneral Government Dure1. tsurnsiae was removeu aim. , . . ..-tv ?el KeHoPoakCeerd Z'rZTt SS5 arouses that "ich is wst It ' ",Jr.rthnp in humPan nature, and though bloodli- order in whici he said that the Con federate army must "either inglori ously fly or come out from behind its lntrencnments, wnere ucriuui unuut- , . - - , -. uj- i- t,:D .. .. , !-. a r j ble man took in obedience to his con L s cement made Hook- viction of dot, Andw Johnson then er's army was surprised and attacked Resident of Duty Andrew Johnson, by Lee and Jackson simultaneously lP.rtes-ldent. -of . .h Ufnlti in front and rear at Chancellorsville obtained h,s indictmen fo treason. and overwhelmed, fleeing in the great- hls mT ,Tlfr w Tt oct HicorH fmn, th fiplH. I.Pfi . act the great soldier Grant arose invaded Pennsylvania, where at Get- and siyel the hand of malice anrt tysburg after three days of bloody persecution. I ; seems egually incredi conflict, unable to carry the Federal to conceive that ;with n two . months position, he remained twenty-four', the death of Lee .. which t ook place hours in line of battle with his army est and bitterest is internecine war, it still seems difficult to believe even after the lapse of so short a time as forty years that for the part this no- in their immediate front inviting at tack and then withdrew without in terruption to Virginia. It was in 1864, in the campaign from the Wilderness to Petersburg, that the star of Lee reached its ze nith. Under his leadership the Ar my of Northern Virginia up to this time in offensive warfare had held ev ery Dattlenem upon which it naa 'on Uetober li. 18 u. speaKiner to a (resolution which had for its object the return of the estate of Arling I ton to the family of Lee, Charlqs Sum 'mer said in his place in the Senate: j "Eloquent Senators have already characterized the proposition and the traitor it seeks to commemorate. I am not disposed to speak of General Lee. It is enough to say that he stands high in the catalogue of those tinent under a single commandei, with unlimited resources of men and mon ey, with the world to draw upon for all that was most useful in destruc tive warfare, advanced upon this ar my of Lee wanting in everything valor, and so decimated that as Grant expressed it "had robbed the cradle. and the grave" to fill the gaps be- i tween the veterans that still survived. There followed from May 5, 1864, in the Wilderness, at Spottsvlvania Court House, at Cold Harbor and the North Anna a series of conflicts so frightful in their havoc that the his tory of this campaign might well be written in blood. The most recent, and in my opin ion the most reliable history of the United States, written by James V- j Rhodes of Boston, a conscientious stu dent, a capable analyst and just re corder, says: "Grant's lo;,s from May 4 to June 12 in the campagin from the Rapidan to the James was 54. W, a number nearly eual to Lee's whole 1L i!i MIT U NUMBER 40 FOR THE BLOOD my wife TTVa i NO OTHER LIKE IT. NO OTHER AS COOD Purchase the NEW HOME" nd vn will hare Number 40 for the Blood is com pounded of ingredients set down in 1 the U. S. Disnensatorv as follows: i Employed in diseases of the elandu- ,lfI':pni-yipy. 1 he i,minann of lnr trclam in ....in;. I I J """" Pn br tupenor wuttmanship and best iar SJStem in SVphlllS and lead , quality of naterialinx.tr hfe-km wueat n,ini. pomsomng. One of our best reme- i mum cu- insist on hmmihc "NEW HOME", dies for scaly skin affections, chronic' WARRANTED FOR ALL TIME. rheumatism, scrofula and glandular K""11 '8ri w for unri sewint qualities enlargements, such as goitre, lupus Not aold under anr other name. burg." In dwelling on this theme, in con trast to Lee's humanity may not "the avenging pen of history" quote from ,"Ohio in the War," by the Hon. Whitelaw Reid, at this time Ambas sador of the United States at the 1 Court of St. James, who in speak ing of the burning of Columbia wrote: i "It was the most monstrous barbar ity of this barbarous march. Before his movement began General Sher man begged permission to turn his army loose in South Carolina and de vastate it. He used this permission to the full. He protested that he dij not wage war upon women and chil dren. But, under the operations of his orders, the last morsel of food was taken from hundreds of destitute I families that his soldiers might feast in needless and riotous abundance. Before his eyes rose, day after day, the mournful clouds of smoke on ev ery riuY l'at tcld of old people aid itheir grandchildren driven, in midwin ter, from the only roofs there were to shelter them, by the flames which the wantonness of his soldiers had kindled. Yet, if a single soldier wa punished for a single outrage or theft during that entire movement we have found no mention of it in all the 7)1 uminous records of the march." May not this avenging pen of his tory which Sumter invoked, record that order of General Halleck, ckio? of staff and military adviser to Pres ident Lincoln, which said to General THE G. LOPE BAILEY CSrA IncitranM? i lie lllMI UIIWVc 0r Leading American and Fore :giiuit j - li Life lnsuranc. Marine Insure The Leading Campania ALL CLAIMS SETTLED. rivu.u.. 117 Lemon Street PALATKA, FLORt KUPPERBUSh Hotel ag Restaur CHAS. KUPPERBUSCH, 1 REGULAR MEALS, 251 at all hours. We make a speck serving Oysters Launches. Skil Dories, Built I; Order BOILERS AND TANS BUILT TO OR-j GALVANIZED COPPER AND ZINC SHE? OAK, CYPRESS MAHOGANY L mi r. 7 ET.-. WHITE PINE ALL HARD WOr FIRE ESCAPES Hble r . Pnrce oi " WUllipClCl'b men for Road Work & AH Times. and tumors." Number 40 for the '"l,tWH0MSEWmGtflCHINEC0.10RANGE,MAS3. Sherman: "bhould you capture Blood is sold by J. II. Haughton ! ...., .Lnarsegton 1 hope that by comt acci- DniCHist ' J. H. YELVERTOX. JR., Talatka, FU! (Continued on page 3.) JACKSONVILLE:! la goo