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The Palatka news and advertiser. [volume] (Palatka, Fla.) 1908-19??, January 21, 1916, Image 2

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Commemorative Address Before the New York- Southern
Society on the Anniversary of the Great Commanders Birth
The South may claim with pardon
able pride that it furnished not only
the President of each of the divided
sections in the struggle for the es
tablishment of a separate Confedera
cy, but the great central figure of the
Civil War for the North as well as for
the South. History will accord that
Abraham Lincoln was the one conspic
uous figure on the side of the Union,
and for the South none will challenge
that claim for Lee. They were, more
over, representatives of the widely di.
vergent classes of our section, the
plebeian and the patrician. The
story of Lincoln might well be class
ed with
"The short and simple annals ot
the poor." -while
Lee came straight from the ca
valiers and their descendants, the
wealthy cultured aristocracy of Vir
ginia. "His father, Colonel Henry
Lee, better known as "Light Horse
Harry," was the beau sabreu of the
American army in the War of Inde
pendence, and it was he who proclaim
ed George Washington as "First in
war, first in peace and first in the
hearts of his countrymen."
Upon his mother's side he claimed
the lineage of the Carters of Shirley.
Born on January 19th, 1807, his child
hood and youth were passed in the
cultivated circles of the tidewater re
gion of Virginia. At the age of 18 he
entered West Point and completing
the course of study without a single
mark of demerit, he graduated second
in a class of forty-six. For several
years he served in the Engineer Corps,
constructing coast defenses, and for a
part of this time in charge of the as
tronomical department of the Govern
ment. In 1832 he married the daugh
ter of George W. Parke Custis, the
adopted son of Gen. Washington, and
later was made captain on the staff
in the Mexican War.
Of all the brilliant reputations
among the younger group of officers
which were won in that campaign
Lee's was the most conspicuous. Up
on him the commander-in-chief leaned
as upon no other. At Cerro Gordo he
was brevetted major for exceptional
gallantry. At Contreras and Cheru
busco he was officially proclaimed for
meritorious conduct, and on account
of a wound received in the assault on
Chapultepec, September 13, 1847, he
was given his promotion to lieutenant
-colonel. It was at Contreras, when
the army was baffled, that the quick
eye of Lee discovered, by a daring
reconnaissance, a line of approach
hidden from the enemy by which the
position might be taken. This the
commander-in-chief of the army char
acterized as "the greatest feat of phy
sical and moral courage performed by
any individual during the entire cam
paign." In his renort General Scott said:
"I am compelled to make special men
tion of Capt. R. E. Lee, engineer. Ho
greatly distinguished himself at the
siege of Vera Cruz, was indefatigable
S ""X
Gen. Robert E. Lee.
Confederacy, the people of the Old
Dominion with one voice turned to him
as commander of her army. Then:
"Forth from its scabbard,
Flashed the sword of Lee I
Far in front of the deadly fight,
High o'er the brave in the cause of
Right, .
Its stainless sheen, like a beacon light,
Led on to victory.
"Out of its scabbard! Never hand
Waved sword from stai ajfree,
Nor purer sword led braver i.and,
Nor braver bled for a brighter land,
Nor brighter land had a cause so
Nor cause a chief like Lee!"
' The storv of his military career is
practically the story of the Army of
Northern Virginia, and it reads more
during these operations in reconnais
sances, as daring as laborious, arid of
the utmost value Nor was he less
conspicuous in planting batteries and
in conducting columns to their sta
tions under the heavy fire of the ene
my." He further says: "Captain Lee,
so constantly distinguished, also bore
important orders from me, until he
fainted from a wound and the loss of
two nights' sleep at the batteries."
After the Mexican War he was ap
pointed, in 1852, Superintendent of the
Military Academy at West Point, and
in 1855, Lieutenant-Colonel of the Sec
ond Cavalry, under Col. Albert Sidney
Johnston. In 1859 he was directed by
the President of the United "States to
arrest John Brown and his fallowers
in their murderous invasion of Virgin,
ia, and on March 10, 1861, he was ap
pointed Colonel in the United States
When the Southern States were se
ceding and war seemed inevitable, up
on the recommendation of General
Scott, then Commander-in-Chief, Pres
ident Lincoln offered Lee the command
of the armies of the Union. Virginia
had not yet seceded, but Lee .looking
into the future and feeling assured
that his native State would upon any
act of aggression make common cause
with the other Southern States, de
clined the tempting offer.
In a letter written, April 20, 1861, he
made that never-to-be-forgotten dec
laration: "With all my devotion to the
Union and the feling of loyalty and
duty as an American citizen, I have
not been able to make up my mind
to raise' my hand against my relatives,
my children, my home. Save in de
fense of my native State, with the sin
cere hope that my poor services may
never be needed, I hope. I may never
be called upon to draw my sword."
When at length hostilities began
and Virginia took her place in the
t 4.1,0
army at tne commencement u ....-
Union advance. me conuuenw i"
Grant of many officers and men had
V.oon cVinkpn "
At Spottslyvania Nicolay and Hay,
authors of the Life of Lincoln, Say
"Grant was completely, checkmated
That t "s is true is evident from
ho fnnt that turnine aside from the
' direct route to Richmond, with Lee's
army in front of him, whicn army ,
announced in the beginning of the
pamnnicn s his obiective. ne marcn-
ed toward the James River, which he
crossed in the effort to capture Pe
tersburg by surprise.
The army of Lee was, however, at
Petersburg in time, and there held
Grant at bay for nine months of the
summer and winter of '64 and '65.
As far as the Confederates were
concerned, the annals of the siege of
Petersburg might well be termed the
annals of starvation exposure and
misery. True to its colors, the army
of Lee was starving to death. The
Commissary . General reported that
"the Army of Northern Virginia was
living literally from hand to mouth."
Beef sold for $6 per pound and flour
at $1,000 a barrel. At ojie time,
pleading with his government for
food. Lee said that for three days hi3
men had been in line of battle and had
not 'tasted meat.
In the early spring of 1865, after
nine months of persistent effort, Grant
i V. 110 AAA mnn ,1.a11 fnA ol '1 A QTlll
like romance than history. Through ar, thr'ou h the lines de.
four years of the bloodiest war known fmAJ hv. Lees force of 49 n00 Veter-
to history at that time tnat half starved, ragged and most of
composed of the flower of Southern thgm 8hoeess
manhood, under its matchless leader, " Then came 'he en(J at App0raattox,
made a record of victories never sur- where Qn A u 9 lg65 the remnant of
passed in the annals of warfare a rec- once ificent army now num.
?&Z!Ia ? bering less than 28,000 (of which only
, , , , , r : 15,000 were carrying arms) surren-
should claim as our proudest; , ' . . riniAp' WRS n
Says Vinol Made Her Strong
Grand Saline, Texas.-f
and lor a ions u- -. - -,tt
23 Kebu Vinol Stored my health
and strength so that I feel almost young
again andgam doing all my housework.
rfiSneonle who are weak and feeble
shouFd try Vinol and know its merits as
I do It the best medicine to create
..- J and for chronic colds I have
ever Uken-Mrs.FANNlE E.RODGERS.
eVnS our delicious cod liver .an iron
tonic, is sold on our guarantee to benent
or your money will be returned.
Aekerman-Stewart Drug Co. Palatka.
Upon this world's stage no more pa
thetic scene, no more heroic incident
has ever been witnessed. With what
cnuaren s cmiuren
'"-"6 , , ... more,
ne assumeu cuminunu ui aimj
in June, 1862, when McClellan was im
mediately in front of Richmond. On
June zb, witn an J ' .pride the fenerations yet unborn shall
numoers ana equip., " claim descent from those who, true to
the forces of McClellan m their in- h . genge f d which Lee Wm.
trenchments and for seven days the g wag ..theublimegt( word in
bloody conflict raged, until .McClellan fc h ,anguage fought under
took .refuge .under .the protection of hs this immortal soldier
gunboats .at H"0"""' nd died on those victorious fields, or
army def eater , Leo turned I upon a tec- survivi stood true to his colors at
ond larger than his own, marching Annoma?;ox
upon Richmond from another d.rec- 1 fs farewell address to his ar-
Bv one of the most brilliant and hidL;'X0Vw"Lt.t.y.J
l.,1? the consciousness of duty faithfully
wars, Lee, p Performed; and I earnestly pray that
l"k"nJfffi'!'G merciful' God will extend to you His
With an un-
ton ana oeconu maimssaa mm uiuvc . , j 1,flf M
nrma'J"Z: ceasing admiration of your constancy
and devotion to your country and a
National Y?ar Bcok and Encyclopedia
Tri-Weeh y Ccnstituiion, (he Year
Southern tarinj (Weekly), Ok Year
( FO!-:
of the fortifications at Washington
McClellan had been removed for his
defeat and Pope followed in his train.
Disregarding both these defeated ar
mies, Lee moved rapidly into Mary-
grateful remembrance of your kind
and "enerous consideration of myself,
I bid you an affectionate farewell.
: j T , tt , t? . j 1 soon alter tne surrender ne accept-
iC?S TJLf"'; ed the presidency of Washington ell-
"r n i lege at Lexington, Va. He had
A History of the World's
lesiings During 1915
Y"(LT neeil this new National Year
lliiok, AIm;i.imc aiiO Kncyclo
M'dia for IMG your I'nmily needs it
vt Umly ouKi't to have it
idt r your copy lot; a. v. It's chock
.ull of intereatins i'at-ts and useful
I n f jrmation.
"l ie bi$ book ol U:e k cd lor
:hc home ever pubiishcil"
An elaborate description of the
ood things to bo found within its
overs is not possible in this space,
hut here is a brief digest which
-ill five an ide- of the wide range
i subjertst treated:
.iiiioiut KtentH of including
an account of the great world war,
wit h chronology, eon ospondence
with Germany and other matters
of interest.
Imnniii1 Matter, showing calendars,
astronomical calculations, lepal
holidays, ready reference calendar
for -ifo years, etc,
rfiele and stntiMticii on Siieh Time
ly SuiijectN as the Commission on
Iridust rial Kelatitms, the League
for National Defense, The Haue
Tribunal, the L'nited States Army
and Navy, the Chamber of Com
merce of the l'nited Stat', Hoy
Scouts of A m ric:, Ca nip Kire
(ilrls. Ileclamation Service, etc.
Kedentl Lawn in which all are vital
nierstate Commerce, Income Tax, Tariff,
vp right Laws. etc.
Marriaue and Divorce. Kight-Hour Day.
. ".wiiii ieco:ds in aviation, automoiuie tspecu recorus, oa.seoau,
( l tupi'- iiam--s, etc.
iir.ir imi Agriculture. Aianuiaciui ins anu .nmns inuus
les and nianv other vital things.
f each it;tte in the union, treating (f phyisical features.
at, etc, ci.mute and n.suuy.
the bijiest we have ever offeied our readers. There are
of different subjects are covered, and everything right
a n s w e r s eve r y question.
otirhClf --Uun't Hrrw Vour .eighlmrN.
Imblifhed in Atlanta every week, is recognized as
on" of th- best farm journals in the south. It has
Vet"). b-;ng widelv rirculated from Virginia to Texas. It
f int"est to th farmer and the tanners wte, and is an
such us
:. nk in a
t as vY
. )y inter
Hunk ;i;ury,
State l.aH. si.
. ng Itr ri
hor raring.
In Co rum tun mil
li ii r-Jitic:tl l'; v.
DcHcHttf ive A vi trlffi
in.lnst. i'-s. g' n;i
T ' j i . nt-w i;o-k is
41G p;tg s. thi.i'.-:m;.-ud
to t ;e iniaut" .t
t.et a yy Utr
S( lUERi ! A -vlMi
a cula : ion
ti.ats on ev
authority on .-ouiioin faimi
I'ure i-'ood. !
nd Currency.
inn Miflray
and meets the problems uf the southern farmer.
T!i ur Ll V i ftRl'll lilt M oin-s three times a week with all the
i.i'HLtnil VVt.tJli Llloil Htest news. It is the best illustrated
mw.'-paier in V: c uniiy, and. besides the news, carries many departments
of interest tc the iainily. I s continued stories, humor and editorials are of
tl.e Mjjh-st o di i makir.g it "The NOmdard newspaper of the south."
W" have ai-tangcd specti:! clubiiiif rates which enable us to make the
above remark able ffer for a. h subscriptions. Copy of the Year Rook and
Knc cb-pedia. Soutaein I'ajininy and Trt-Ve'kly (."(institution can b seen at
th! ofr.ee. 'all at once, renew .Tour subscription and take advantage of th
lemaikable oftcr.
aA KnlHier and citizen of Mas-
cch.iaptts. Charles Francis Adams,
reared in the New England school oi
politics, himself tnrougnout ine wai
tii. armv which confronted Lee.
son of that Charles Francis Adams
,.,v, o iTnitPtl States Minister to
Kntrland durine the Civil War proba
bly did as much as any other one man
to defeat the cause of the Confedera
cy, grandson of John Quincy Adams
and ereat-grandson of that elder Ad-
omo rlin snpceeded Washington as
President of the United States, a man
differed from Lee in his in
terpretation of the duty an American
citizen owes as between his State and
the central Gevernment tnat ne ae
oUreii he would eo aeainst Massachu
setts for the Union, has written thi
for historv:
"If Robert E. Lee was a traitor, so
also and indisputably was George
Washington. Washington furnishes
a precedent at every point. A Vir.
tr ninn. ike L,ee. ne was aiso a out
ish subject; he had fought under the
British flag, as Lee had fought under
that", nf the United States: when, in
177R. Virginia seceded from the Brit
ish Empire he went with his State,
just as Lee went eighty-five years la
ter; subsequently wasningion com-
manripri armies in tne neia aesitrnaieu
by those opposed to them as 'rebels'
and whose descendants now glorify
them as 'the rebels of '76,' much
as Lee later commanded and at last
surrendered much larger armies,
also designated .'rebels' by those
they confronted. Except in their
outcome the cases were, therefore,
nreciselv alike: and logic is logic,
It oonseauentlv appears to follow
that if Lee was a traitor Washing
ton was also."
H further savs:
"In him there are exemplified those
lofty elements of personal character,
which, typifying Virginia at her high
est, made Washington possible. Es
sentially a soldier, Robert E. Lee was
a many-sided man. I might speak
of him as a stratecist. but of this as
pect of the man enough has . perhaps
been said. I might refer to the res
pect, the confidence and love witn
which he inspired those under his com
mand. I might dilate on his restraint
in victory; his patient endurance in
the face of adverse fortune; the se
rene dignity with which he in the end
triumphed over defeat. But, passing
over all these wen-worn memes, i
shall confine myself to that one attri
bute of his which, recognized in a
soldier by an opponent, I cannot but
regard as his surest and loftiest title
to enduring fame. I refer to hi", hu
manity in arms and his scrupulous re
gard for the most advanced rules of
modern warfare."
Denying the contention that war
must he made hell, holding up to ex
ecration the authors of the bloodiest
deeds in history, this generous foe and
great American said:
"I reioice that no such hatred at
taches to the name of Lee. Reckless
of life to attain the legitimate ends
of war, he sought to mitigate its hor
rors. Opposed to him at Gettysburg,
I, here forty years later, do him jus
tice. No more creditable order ever
issued from a commanding General
than that formulated and signed at
Chambersburg by Robert E. Lee, as
toward the close of June, 1863, he ad
vanced on a war of invasion. 'No
greater disgrace,' he then declared,
'can befall the army, and through it
our whole people, than the perpetra
tion of barbarous outrages upon the
innocent and defenseless. Such pro
ceedings not only disgrace them, but
nrp snhvprsivp nf thp. dispinline flnif
i it ncu , . , , - i . .i -
fought with the exception of Gettys- wno nave imoueu ineir nanus, in uieir ; efficiency of the army, and destructive
Antietam, ,u,uuu' . T- " lv iot the ends ot our movement, it must
and upon these fields, although it fail- ,tne. avenging pen oi nihiory. be remebered that we make war only
ed to beat the army pitted against it, I As I"aun and soldier the avenging on armed men-.
it stood in battle array on each occa- D,en J history has already written , In scope and spirit Lee's order wa?
sion for twenty-four hours, wa- 'thls of Lee: In nobility of character, observed, and I doubt if a hostile force
attacked and marched away unmolest- in moral gradeur, attested by his hu- !ever advanced into an enemy's coun
ed. jmamty, he lived "the model for till fu- try or feli back frotn it in retre;.t
He was now to show that in def en- ture times." In the annals of war leaving behind less cause of hate and
sive fighting he was a greater master ,nis nlace 1S with the greatest. i bitterness than did the army of Nor-
of the art of war than in his offensiva 1 what ot this charge of treason an.i ,thern Virginia in that memorable
operations. Grant, with the largest wnat Kina oi uaiiur was iec . m- campaign which culminated at Gettys
army .ever marshalled upon this con
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- President .
J. Wai.tkkHJ
;f?ei'y. Biid'ft;
fused large proffers of money for hi?
defeat serv'ce or the use of his name for va
rious enterprises. ne uecuneu uiem
all. saying he felt it his duty to live
with his people and to endeavor in"
educating the youth of the South to
do all in his power to aid in the res-
at Antietam on September 17, 1862,
the bloodiest battle of the Uivil War.
McClellan. who after Pope's
had been reinstated in command, was
again removed for failing to inflict a
crushing defeat upon Lee, and Burn
side was made Commander-in-Chief
j. a " i - - ti j rrn.;..
or tne Army oi tne r, .tomac. i . f - and harmony and
same army of .Lee signally defeated fo nf n f
my of Burnside at Fredericks- r V r.Vi
tne army oi Dornuu. .w -: state or" eeneral Government
Dure1. tsurnsiae was removeu aim. , . . ..-tv
?el KeHoPoakCeerd Z'rZTt SS5 arouses that "ich is wst
It ' ",Jr.rthnp in humPan nature, and though bloodli-
order in whici he said that the Con
federate army must "either inglori
ously fly or come out from behind its
lntrencnments, wnere ucriuui unuut- , . - - , -. uj- i- t,:D
.. .. , !-. a r j ble man took in obedience to his con
L s cement made Hook- viction of dot, Andw Johnson then
er's army was surprised and attacked Resident of Duty Andrew Johnson,
by Lee and Jackson simultaneously lP.rtes-ldent. -of . .h Ufnlti
in front and rear at Chancellorsville obtained h,s indictmen fo treason.
and overwhelmed, fleeing in the great- hls mT ,Tlfr w Tt
oct HicorH fmn, th fiplH. I.Pfi . act the great soldier Grant arose
invaded Pennsylvania, where at Get- and siyel the hand of malice anrt
tysburg after three days of bloody persecution. I ; seems egually incredi
conflict, unable to carry the Federal to conceive that ;with n two . months
position, he remained twenty-four', the death of Lee .. which t ook place
hours in line of battle with his army
est and bitterest is internecine war, it
still seems difficult to believe even
after the lapse of so short a time as
forty years that for the part this no-
in their immediate front inviting at
tack and then withdrew without in
terruption to Virginia.
It was in 1864, in the campaign
from the Wilderness to Petersburg,
that the star of Lee reached its ze
nith. Under his leadership the Ar
my of Northern Virginia up to this
time in offensive warfare had held ev
ery Dattlenem upon which it naa
'on Uetober li. 18 u. speaKiner to a
(resolution which had for its object
the return of the estate of Arling
I ton to the family of Lee, Charlqs Sum
'mer said in his place in the Senate:
j "Eloquent Senators have already
characterized the proposition and the
traitor it seeks to commemorate. I
am not disposed to speak of General
Lee. It is enough to say that he
stands high in the catalogue of those
tinent under a single commandei, with
unlimited resources of men and mon
ey, with the world to draw upon for
all that was most useful in destruc
tive warfare, advanced upon this ar
my of Lee wanting in everything
valor, and so decimated that as Grant
expressed it "had robbed the cradle.
and the grave" to fill the gaps be- i
tween the veterans that still survived.
There followed from May 5, 1864, in
the Wilderness, at Spottsvlvania
Court House, at Cold Harbor and the
North Anna a series of conflicts so
frightful in their havoc that the his
tory of this campaign might well be
written in blood.
The most recent, and in my opin
ion the most reliable history of the
United States, written by James V- j
Rhodes of Boston, a conscientious stu
dent, a capable analyst and just re
corder, says: "Grant's lo;,s from May
4 to June 12 in the campagin from
the Rapidan to the James was 54. W,
a number nearly eual to Lee's whole
1L i!i
my wife
TTVa i
Purchase the NEW HOME" nd vn will hare
Number 40 for the Blood is com
pounded of ingredients set down in 1
the U. S. Disnensatorv as follows: i
Employed in diseases of the elandu- ,lfI':pni-yipy. 1 he i,minann of
lnr trclam in ....in;. I I J """" Pn br tupenor wuttmanship and best
iar SJStem in SVphlllS and lead , quality of naterialinx.tr hfe-km wueat n,ini.
pomsomng. One of our best reme- i mum cu- insist on hmmihc "NEW HOME",
dies for scaly skin affections, chronic' WARRANTED FOR ALL TIME.
rheumatism, scrofula and glandular K""11 '8ri w for unri sewint qualities
enlargements, such as goitre, lupus
Not aold under anr other name.
In dwelling on this theme, in con
trast to Lee's humanity may not "the
avenging pen of history" quote from
,"Ohio in the War," by the Hon.
Whitelaw Reid, at this time Ambas
sador of the United States at the
1 Court of St. James, who in speak
ing of the burning of Columbia wrote:
i "It was the most monstrous barbar
ity of this barbarous march. Before
his movement began General Sher
man begged permission to turn his
army loose in South Carolina and de
vastate it. He used this permission
to the full. He protested that he dij
not wage war upon women and chil
dren. But, under the operations of
his orders, the last morsel of food
was taken from hundreds of destitute
I families that his soldiers might feast
in needless and riotous abundance.
Before his eyes rose, day after day,
the mournful clouds of smoke on ev
ery riuY l'at tcld of old people aid
itheir grandchildren driven, in midwin
ter, from the only roofs there were
to shelter them, by the flames which
the wantonness of his soldiers had
kindled. Yet, if a single soldier wa
punished for a single outrage or theft
during that entire movement we have
found no mention of it in all the 7)1
uminous records of the march."
May not this avenging pen of his
tory which Sumter invoked, record
that order of General Halleck, ckio?
of staff and military adviser to Pres
ident Lincoln, which said to General
CSrA IncitranM?
i lie lllMI UIIWVc
Leading American and Fore :giiuit j
- li
Life lnsuranc.
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and tumors." Number 40 for the '"l,tWH0MSEWmGtflCHINEC0.10RANGE,MAS3. Sherman: "bhould you capture
Blood is sold by J. II. Haughton ! ...., .Lnarsegton 1 hope that by comt acci-
DniCHist ' J. H. YELVERTOX. JR., Talatka, FU! (Continued on page 3.)

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