Newspaper Page Text
m ill. . - m. VOL. XXI NO. 19 PUNTA GORDA, FLA., THURSDAY, MAY, 8 1913 Sl.50 A YEAR Melon and Piclde Worms i These two insects did much damage in Florida last season, and are again active. In spite of their common names, either or both of them may be found on cucumbers, or canteloupes, 89 well as gourds and squashes They seldom at tack watermelons. Their habits differ somewhat, and consequently the remedies to be applied. , The pickle worm is the more common of the two. It never eats the leaves, but bores into the buds, blossoms, stems, and leaf-stalks, as well as into the fruit, which it utterly ruins. The melon borer does not often bore into the vines or leaf-stalks, but eats its way into the fruits, and also feeds exten sively on the leaves. The melon worm', because it feeds partly on the foliage, can be reached by arsenical sprays. Use three pounds of lead arsenate paste to fiftv crallons of water, or use , . . one-half as much of lead arsenate powder, or one pound of zinc ar senite to fifty gallons. Paris green may be used at the rate of one-half pound with one pound of freshly slaked lime to fifty gallons of water: but it does not stick as well as the others and is more li able to burn the foliage; V , The oickle worm, because it K feeds in the interior of buds, blos soms, and fruits, cannot be reached by arsenical sprays. The; grower should carefully collect and de stroy all wormy ' fruit with the contained worms. If these wormy cucumbers and melons are left in the field, the caterpillars will en ter fresh ones, or complete their growth and enter the ground, to emerge as moths in a week or two. Ihe moth lays enough eggs to hatch into1 about three hundred more worms. v i The easiest and most successful remedy for both of these worms is a trap crop. For this purpose plant, for each acre of cucumbers or cantaloupes, from four to eight rows of early summer or crook necked squash. The large , bios-' soms and leaves, and the tender fruits of this plant are preferred by the moths to either cucumbers or melons, and most of the eggs will be kid on the squash, 1c is better lo make .several: plantings of the latter t as to have a suc cession of attractive blossoms and fruits to invito the moths. The first planting should be made at the same time as that of the co cumbers or; melon, and other plantings nt intervals of a week. One may pick off the infested squash blossoms and fruit and de stroy them; and also, if the melon worm i abundant, 'spray the vine with one "of the arsenicals. The quickest way, however, to destroy the pests on the tiHp crop is to put up and burn each lot of (rap plants as soon as it has become thoroughly infested and before the worms have attained their full size. If this is neglected the trap crop is useless. Cleau culture should be practic ed, not only on account of these insects but also to keep down fun gus diseases. As soon as the grow er is through picking, the vines, fallen leaves, and other refuse should be raked up and burned. Also if practicable, do not plant cucumbers or melons on ine same land two years in succession. The pickle worm (Diaphania nitidalis) is a whitish caterpillar, with conspicuous black dots on each segment. When nearly "full grown these spots become less conspicuous, and the worm is of a coppery color. The melon worm (D. byalinata) lacks these dark dots, but has longitudinal stripes and never become coppery colored. It takes about two weeks to com plete its growth, and. then forms a cocoon in a dry leaf on or near the plant which nourishes it. Here it remains about a week and then issues as a moth. The moth of the pickle worm is from an inch to one and a fourth inches across the out-stretched wings, which are BREAKING RECORDS Punts Gorda Hens Expedite Process of Hatching Eggs i . . , Punta Gorda hens female chickens,to be explicit are break ing records. In all other locali ties it takes three weeks to hatch out chicken eggs, no matter .how many hens you put on them, aud the process cannot be hurried even with the improved incubators; but the hens here have that found by doubling up on tie job,tbey can work a saving in time. , , This is no joke, for an instance can be cited as proof. And what has been done can be done aagain. Does it'not argue that here is the place to engage in chicken raising? There are times when one has had bad luck with broods hatched out in summer, and the demand for broilers and fryers becomes lively as the winter approaches, that such a saving . in time would prove immensely valuable. John Allred thinks so, and aided and abetted by Charley Roe, he is going into the business. His re. cent experience has been convinc ing. , :. '.';; : Three weeks ago he brought a dozen fresh eggs from a poultry- man, who had given personal at tention to gathering them up, as he does i every, day, and having had no hens tp go to setting, was in a position to guarantee that there were no chickens iu them at the time they were bought. John placed the eggs under a lien, who became lonesome on the nest all alone and called in another ben for company. At the end of one week the two hens had hatched out one chicken. They staid on the job and before the second week passed had hatched out all the eggs The little chickens are doing finely. It beats anything in this line ever heard of. It seems to bo on ly necessary to get two hens that can be congenial and work in har mony. And another thing to re commend this method; two hens can cover more eggs than one ben can. Punta Gorda hens are pro gressive. - . ' ' Eustis Lake Region: Beboldthe fisherman. He riseth early in the morning and disturbeth the whole household. Mighty are his prep arations. He goeth forth fnll of hope. When the day is far spent he returneth smelling of strong drink, and the truth is not in him. white with a broad black border It lays its eggs mostly on the buds and in the flowers. The melon worm moth is larger, about one and three-fourths inches across. aud the white area on the wings is much larger occupying all but a narrow margin. It lays its eggs mainly on the tender young leaves The eggs of both moths batcn in three or four days. J. R. Watson of the Florida Experiment Station LAST PILGRIMAGE OF CONFEDERATES Reunion at Chattanooga Wilt Have t a Sentimental Interest of its Own ' Perhaps the last pilgrimage they will make as a body to the famous battle grounds of Lookout Mtn. Chickamauga and Mission Ridge will bo' the 1913 Reunion of the United Confederate Veterans, May 27-29. The railroads of the South eastern Passenger Association have made a thirty day rate of a cent a mile. The War Dept. has loaned the requisite number of tents and cots in order that Chattanooga may suitably care for the 15,000 Veterans who are expected to at tend, and who will be lodged and fed free of all cost.. : ", The United Sons of, Veterans will bold their reunion at the same place, May 27-29. They will bring with them the usual bevy of beau tif ul Southern women, as sponsors, maids of honor and chaperones, all of whom will be lavishly enter tained by the citizens of Chatta nooga. ' "''.V'T : ' Enthusiasm and interest never ran so high in the South over the annual reunion of the battle scar red veterans whose spectacular pa rade at Chattanooga is expected to be viewed by over one hundred thousand visitors jn that city of like population. The Story of Florida lbe story of Florida in recent times is as fascinating as anything which the remoter past told. Soon after the close of the civil war her natural resources in soil, climate and forest began to attract capital from the northern states and from Eur- ope. joeiore reconstruction was completed she had colonies ' of northern people for the . the win ter months, and her orange grpves gathered in millions of northern capital. She was the earliest Confederate state to win the at tention of the investors and cap tains of industry above Masons and Dixon's line. The inpour of wealth into her lap has been par ticularly large in volume in the past decade and a half. This has had a tendency not only to increase the population, but to place the white element of its people deci sively in the preponderance. The Northern section of its inhabitants is steadily growing, aside from those who merely pass the winter months there. Lesley's Weeklv. Ocala Banner: It does not mat ter so much who are the officers of the Florida Citrus Exchange, so they are sr'ood . men, but by all means the organization itself must be upheld. The success and well being of the citrus industrv large ly depends upon the activity of the Fruit Exchange. Exorbitant Freight Rates I 9 vuwmniutMwuutftMMtmniiutMMtmMVMMmMwo It looks now that the tariff on citrus fruit will be reduced " from 80 to 35 cents per box; a cut In duty that was not expected by the growers of the fruit belt. The 35 cent rate is incorporated in the general tariff bill bill the Ways and Means Committee has report ed to Congress, and a change to a higher rate is hardly probable while the bill is before both branches of Congress, savs the DeLand Record. Wrhat the growers should at tempt to do now is to appeal to the state s delegation in Congress, to the State Railroad Commission and through it to the Inter-State Commerce Commission for some redress from the high freight rates the transportation companies FLORIDA INDUSTRIES This a State in Which the Different Sections Specialize Through the effect of our cli mate, the pearl of the dew-drop and the rays of our warm winter sun are crystalized annually into these thousands of carloads of fruit and vegetables. Florida is a State in which different' portions specialize. In one community much attention is devoted to the raising and shipping of thousands of crates of strawberries; in an other portion attention is devoted to the cultivation of Irish potatoes; in ' another, tomatoes, eggplant, cucumbers, watermelons, citrus fruits and to various semi-tropical fruits. In one county alone, there is over 5,000 acres planted in pe cans. In thirteen or fourteen counties, the long staple or sea island cotton is cultivated. Florida furnishes fully, one-third of the sea island cotton produced In the United States. Ia other portions, corn ana snon staple cotton are extensively produced. Though not a corn producing State, often, times as much as 75 to 115 bushels of corn to the acre has been raised. A bale of cotton to the acre is of ten produced; 800 to 1,000 gallons of syrup from an acre of sugar cane. -; . Florida is a great naval stores producing State, furnishing now robab!y as much turpentine, rosin and lumber as any otner State., The last report by the com missioner of, agriculture shows that the mauufacture in Florida represents annually the value of $87 per capita. Florida is a great mining state, producing fully one-half of the phosphate of the United States and more than one-half of fuller's earth. Is is . great fish producing state. . - Owing to our streams and lakes and to the ease and cheapness with which artesian water is se cured our crop can be more easily irrigated than they can be in any state in the Union. Very ew farmers, however, find it necessary to avail themselves of irrigation, crops generally being raised without Buch. St. Cloud Tribune. Times-Herald: Knocking home papers and other home enterprises is a "mighty poor way" to boost a own. charge for getting the fruit to tho market. ; The rates charged are exorbitant, indeed, a rate that is ruinous to the industry, more so than if Congress had put oranges on the free list. A rate pf from 1175 to $1200 per car on our fruit to the markets is out of all reason. The past crop in Florida sold for about $15,000, 000, about one-third of which went to the transportation com panies. $75 a car is plenty for the railroads ' to charge to take the fruit to northern markets, giving them a good profit. Our Sena tors, Representatives, the state and inter-state commissioners could bring about such reduction in freight, rates if an attempt was made. From California to tho eastern markets, a distance of nearly 3,000 miles, a bor of oranges is carried for $1,' while the Florida growers must pay iwo thirds this amount for less than 1,000 miles. '; It is a discrimina tion against the Florida grower. The Polk County Record in writing of discrimination against Florida orange growers and truck- ers, says: ' . :' : A year or more ago there was much eaid iu the papers of Florida in regard to unjust" freight iratei, but along towards election timo last fall the matter was in a man ner dropped. '' '. One of Polk county's big hip? . pers and truck growers calls bur attention to this matter and gives us some figures that are astonish ing in regard to freight rates to and from the north and west. V Talk about the damage to fruit and trucking in Florida by free trade; it is little in comparison to what our people suffer from un just freight rates. ' ' J , Take for instance the rate on truck from Bartow to New .York' City is 88c per hundred while the rate back here on the same is only 42c. v ;. Y.:, -'J .-'. Our rates to points in Georgia is 50c while rates from Wisconsin and New York back south to these points twice the distance, or more, is only 42c. .". Rates from Mississippi to Phila delphia, 7 days freight, is 15c per crate for tomatoes and Florida shippers pay 60o per crate for 5 days freight to the fcame places. ; These figures are only a few il lustrations of the discriminating freight rates against Florida. They are a hundred times more injuroua to our people than free trade with all the world. f If our law makers could be im pressed with these facts they would doubtless quit wrangling so much over these tariff questions and get together on something: that would give the Florida ship pers a chance to compete witli other trade points in our own country. ; . ,' St. 'Cloud Tribune:-The local newspapers looked upon witbdis credit by not a 'few people, is, and always will be the most potent factor for the good or' ill of -that community in which it is publish ed. It seldom receives the com mendation it is entitled to, but de spite that fact the paper goes on week after, week spreading its in fluence broadcast. - A ... Ok.