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"1 'fed PUNTA GORDA In Tropical Southwest Florida, a Seaport on the Famous Charlotte Harbor a Town that is Known for its Natural Attractions and the Hospitality of a Cosmopolitan Citizenship VOLUME XXIV NUMBER 49 PUNTA GORDA, FLORIDA, THURSDAY, DEC. 7, 1916 5c. A COPY; $1.50 A YEAR Paittta torta -1 f .'' fiV SEISMIC EXPLOS ION UNDER GULF KILLS MANY FISH BETWEEN BOCA GRANDE AND MARCO Department of Commerce, Bu reau of Fisheries, Has Special Representative Down State In vestigating Cause of Recent E normous Loss of Fish on Gulf Coast of State Chlorine Gas Stated to Be Cause Fish As phyxiated By Thousands. A seismic eruption or explosion somewhere near the shores of Florida in the Gulf of Mexico is now said to have been the cause of ' the death of the tons of fish that have lined the coast between Bo ca Grande and Marco, a distance of more than seventy-five miles, some three weeks ago. Off Boca Grande thousands of dead fish suddenly appeared on the shore and a few days later they began to die in Charlotte Harbor. No reason could be found for this fatality that was sending up to the crest of the wav es mighty tarpon, huge jewhsh and thousands of mullet and other small fish. The people began to be alarmed over the spectacle and as the warm sun began to affect the fish on the shore the scent be came unbearable. In Boca Gran de there were for several days a force of twenty men employed m burying the dead fish washed a- shore to save the city from the of fensive odors. Fishermen and boating parties oming in brought news of great bodies of fish floating on the sur face and swarms of flies making life miserable for those attempting to plow through the mas of putre fying fish. The alarm over the death of the ' fish became such that help was call ed for from the shellfish commis sioner and from the department of the federal government in Wash ington. Both responded at once. T. II. Ilodghes, shellfish commis sioner, went immediately to Boca Grande and investigated. On his return to this city yesterday he gave the story. Special Agent II. F. Taylor, of the bureau of fisheries at Wash ington, 1). C, has been on the ground several days now, said Mr. Hodges, and he has made a thor ough examination of conditions. He finds that the waters over a large area have been heavily charged with a chlorine gas that asphyxiates fish or any other an imal life that comes under its in fluence. This was proven by see ing dogs and other animals and fisheating birds overcome when at tempting to take fish from the wa ters during the prevalence of the gas. Whole fchonls f mullet were rendered insensible and captured by fishermen. Fish taken in this condition but before death and placed in fresh water immediately became alive and well. It was clearly not a poison to the fish and those who caught them while in a comatose condition ate them without fear and with no ill re sults. The result of the investigation, says Mr. Hodges.is that it seems to be conclusive that some submarine explosion took place off the Flor ida shore, some earthquake below the waters caused a fissure from which the deadly gas was thrown into the waters and charged the waves with the death carrying product. 1 Half way to Key West, says Mr. Hodges, the dead fish were seen, and he stated that the Roam or plowed through great schools of dead fish. Nothing like this fatality has ever been known be fore off the Florida coasts and it is almost unparalleled in the his tory of American fishing. Flor ida Times-Union, Nov. 30. How Diseases Are "Caught" Life is a continuous struggle to live to keep what we have. But the old ideas fancies, they might be call"' as to bow dis eases are transmitted, need con siderable region. People still labor upder the de lssion that infection diseases are spread by contact with things, while the fact is, that, infected ?n- dividuals, not things, are the real menace. Some arc afraid to touch a car strap or a book that has been used by strangers, and some, much as they like money, insist on having new bills, and only un der the stress of. unavoidable cir cumstances will they break the rule and take what they can get. Dr. Alvin II. Doty, formerly health officer of the Port of New York, has quite recently discussed the subject, showing the foolish ness of the dear, deluded people in their fear that infection lurks ev erywhere in public conveyances, in clothing, money, rags, and car straps and that diseases are con veyed through and by such means. If infectious diseases were really conveyed by such media, one of the best carriers imaginable would be old rags, and a test of this the ory would be found in the rag markets of Alexandria, Egypt, where the rags are largely the cast off clothing of the natives, much of which is gathered from the in terior where infectious diseases are always prevalent. Yet the British sanitary officers have nev er discovered infection among the men, women and children whose sole occupation is to handle the rather disgusting merchandise. In the Bureau at Washington, where old currency is received for redemption, infectious disease has never occurred among the clerks who handle it. There must be some good reason for such immunity and probably it is in the fact that the germs of infectious diseases find their most natural habitation in the warmth of the human body and not in in animate objects which do not furnish conditions favoring their existence and activity. It is the custom to fumigate the room that has been occupied by a tuberculous patient. It is a wise precfmt;0T -et its greatest actual benefit is the moral satisfaction that every possible precaution has been taken against the spread of the disease. A careful exposure of the bedding and other articles used by the patient to the bright sun and fresh air would be much more effective than the formalde hyde or the bath of sulphur can dle. The resaon is that the tubercu lar bacillus, as well as those of most infectious diseases, dies and loses its capacity for aggressive harm within a short time after it has been expelled from the mouth, throat or lungs of the patient. It cannot be lodged in the bedding, on the walls or furniture and re main for long an active menace. It cannot remain suspended in the air and retain its power for activ ity, but expelled by the cough or sneeze into the face, the mouth or lostrils of another person, it be comes dangerous, for it immedi ately finds lodgement in the new host where every condition favors continued activity. It is i:i such manner that the diseases of the throat and lungs are transmitted tuberculosis, colds, influenza and bronchitis. And it seems that the infected individual is the real menace to his fellows man is man's worst enemy when it comes to the transmission of infectious diseases. Another class of infection, such as malaria, and yellow fever, is carried by the mosquito and these insect pests become dangerous. But they can be themselves infect ed only by and from the human hdst, and again the infected man is the enemy to his fellow man. The milleninium is pictured in imagination as a time when the dangers that now threaten and disturb the morals and happiness ot mortals will be reduced to an inappreciable minimum. In health matters it will be the time when diseases, especially infectious dis eases, will be banished, and there- tore cannot be spread, and the fight for health will be a thing of the past. It is no idle dream that such diseases may be banished, for already typhoid has been limited and diminished so successfully that the prospect that it may be come a rare disease within the next few decades is most promis ing, and it is at least imaginable that other human ailments may be conquered to the same degree and by similar methods. State Board of Health. FLORIDA IS THE OPPORTUNITY IN (By James Florida is the greatest field of land opportunity in the United States today for the man of indus try and initiative. With 33,000,000 acres of land, about two per cent of which is cultivated, and with a population of about 900,000, it of fers a great field of cheap land for the farmer and the hme-seekef The average man looks upon Florida as a vast wilderness of low lands and swamps, with no other industries than lumber, turpen tine and orange groves. Yet this year it is estimated that the corn crop of Florida will exceed by more than a million dollars the value of the orange and grapefruit yield. This is indicative of the trend of development in Florida. , For many years the land development companies have ben selling their land in ten acre plots and tens of thousands all over the United Stat es have purchased these small tracts. In our own development in Put nam and Marion counties more than three thousand such tracts have been sold and most of these buyers are anxiously waiting the day when they can come to Flori da and take up their residence there. These people will not be long in the state when they will want to buy more land to extend their farmiing operations along the line of general farming and stock raising. In this connection I want to say that in the next few years Flor ida will be recognized as one of the greatest live stock states in the Union. Anyone who has kept up with the trend of events knows the tremendous demands that the necessities of the' European war have made upon the live stock in dustry of the world, knows that the production of pork and beef offers a most inviting field for profitable investment. Florida, with its mild winters, its natural pasturage all the year round, its abundance of good wa ter, and its growing season of from 300 to 365 days a year, pos sesses advantages for live stock raising that no other state oan e qual. The lumber and turpentine in terests and other large land-owning concerns recognize this fact and are preparing to fcrfce their land and raise live stock or lease the pastures These interests that for so long Vked upon land as merely a by-product have been a wakened to the fact that their land is now a valuable asset or a serious liability according to the use to which they put it. The progress of the state is so rapid that they cannot let it lie idle any longer. With $12,000, 000 worth of bonds floated in the last year for good roads, principal and interest on which must ' be met, with many more millions of dollars going into new school houses, and other public build ings, the man who .owns large tracts of land must turn it into profitable use or lose it. Recognizing this fact, the lum ber and turpentine interests have combined under the name of the Cattle Tick Eradication committee of the Southern Settlement and Development Organization, and have assessed themselves on an acreage basis to raise a fund of $60,000 a year to carry on a cam paign of education to arouse pub lic opinion to the necessity of pas sing laws to rid the state of the cattle tick, an insect something like the sheep tick, that sucks the life blood of the cattle and keeps it stunted. This campaign is be ing so vigorously conducted that already immense ranches are be ing fenced in and improved stock is being brought into the state. Near Palatka, a local lumber company combined with Western capital have fenced in 60,000 acres of land on which they have 5,000 head of cattle. They have 3,000 acres in corn and velvet beans on which they will fatten the cat tle for market. Aside from this they depend entirely upon the na tural pasture for about 9 months of the year to keep the cattle. No LAND OF GREATEST THE UNITED STATES R. Murphy) shelter is needed, owing to the mild winters. The Armour Company of Chi cago, recognize the trend of events in Florida and have built at Jack sonville a big packing plant with capacity for about 15.000 hogs a week and from 300 to 500 head of cattle, and a like number of sheep. But it is not alone in agricultur al lines that Florida is progress ing. Her cities are wonderful hives if industry and are among the fastest growing cities in the country. Tampa, for instance, has recent ly become the seventh port of im portance in the United States. Mi ami, that .eighteen years ago was a sand, dune, is today a magic city of 20,000 inhabitants. Aladdin with his wonderful lamp never dreamed of accomplishing such a wonderful transformation m so short a time as has taken place in Miami. "Miami is the favorite town of many Western million aires, and they are building pal aces upon the seashore of great splendor and beauty. It was published in the local pa pers of Florida last spring that Mr. Burrows, of rustless screen fame, of Brooklyn, who purchased a corner property in Miami for $55,000 a few years ago, has re fused $110,000 for it and stated that it was not for sale. Orlando, Daytona, St. Peters burg, Key West, all the towns a long the Atlantic Coast and the Gulf, are growing wonderfully, and behind them the back country is developing in a substantial way that insures their growth and prosperity. " The tourist season is a splendid tonic in promoting the growth of the state, but it is the army of newcomers that settle on the farms every year that supply the bono and sinew for this growth. This army of home-seekers is in creasing every year and will show a remarkblo increase in the next few years because of the . wide spread cooperative movement in Honda to advertise the state's advantages and to develop its re Sources. A notable movement along these lines is the Florida First adver tising campaign, in which many of the cities and counties are partic ipating through their boards of trade and otlftr local organiza tions. Funds are raised by asses sing a levy of 10 cents per capita of each' community contributing and the little towns get the same benefits from the advertising as the large cities. . i The Southern , Settlement )md Development Organization under the direction of Clement S. Ucker and R. M. Pindell, vice-president, is doing splendid work for Flor ida and the South generally. The great trunk lino railroads of the South are also powerful fac tors in building up Florida. It is a noticeable fact that Flor ida's great opportunities for the profitable investment of capital are more appreciated in the West than in the East. The bond houses of the West have purchas ed most of the public improve ment bonds of Florida though the local banks are now becoming active competitors for these se curities, as the Florida banks are beginning to pile up with cap ital. Florida mortgages paying 8 per cent interest on fifty per cent val uation are among the best invest ments, and it'-, surprising that Eastern capital has not yet enter ed this field. These securities are among the best investments in the country, as the day of cheap land m Florida is passing and volues are increasing very rapidly. J as. It. Murphy, in The Kansas City Bulletin and Building News. Call It By the Indian Name The Indian name of the roman tic creek just south of town is Al pattahatchee, which means Alliga tor creek. It is so much more euphonious than the English name that it is suggested that it be a- dopted and used instead of the English. On the original govern ment maps, the name appears as Apattahatchec. The suggestion that this Indian name be used is a good one and we hope to see it adopted, especially as there arc in South Florida . several other streams that are known by the name of Alligator creek. One of these is not far from here; it emp ties into Lemon Bay. Movie Picture Etiquette Perhaps many of those who ha bitually attend the movies think that because there is no spoken word coming from the screen, con versation does not annoy others in the audience, if that is what ' a crowd at a picture show can be called. But, all the same, it is a gross violation of the proprieties for at tendants to carry on a lively con versation during the course of the entertainment. It distracts the at tention of those who desire to fol low the story in all its variations and incidents and makes the hour an unpleasant one instead of what it ought to be, a real pleasure. It is probable that th3 talkers in a movie theater do not realize just how much of an annoyance they are, and if the management could, in some way, possibly by a simple request on the screen, call attention to the desirability of si lence, the nuisance could be very much abated. Then, again, there are those who seem, in some way to have t bsorbed the idea that those a round them cannot read the run ning text occasionally flashed up on the screen to give the necessary clues to the action. If such peo ple would just think a moment that it is not at all necessary to inform those around them what the inscription says, for as a mat ter of fact, it is very probable that every movie attendant over seven years of age can read, and those under that age can get along with- out the information so freely giv en by those who read audibly the wording of the scenarios , There is a movie picture show etiquette that ought to be follow ed just as we follow the dictates of good taste in other things. Mi ami Herald. Suggestion Approved The Tampa Tribune gives three well written paragraphs in com mendation of the following sensi ble words from the pen of editor Jordan, of the Punt.i Gorda Her ald: "Christmas has become a night- marc to most of the bread winners who have to pay the cost. Why not quit giving presents to any persons over fourteen years old and let people over that age mere ly exchange Christmas cards?" We do so much wish somebody would send all of 'em a marked copy of what the Tribune and Herald say on this subject, and do it quickly, so they'll understand our action is backed up by good authority. Arcadia News. Circuit Court Circuit court. Judge Whitnev presiding, met in Arcadia, Mon day. Attorneys Trabue, Chad- man, Waltmire and Hancock of this place, were present at the op ening. Amongst others who went r bv rail Mondav morninjr. to at- tend the court either as witnesses f iurors were: Cant. J. J.'Mc- Cann, Early Weeks, Dr. Newman J; T A 1 DIlt. T T TT..'i 171. JlillUT OIIULII, UUU. JV. JLXUT- on and L. O. Oliver: also E. O. Coram of Charlotte Harbor. Nearly every newspaDer in the state is ready to devote space to any laudable enterprise or under taking that will benefit the town in which it is published or the sur rounding country, and annually devotes hundreds of dollars worth of space ' for this purpose. But it docs look like ingratitude on he part of those who take their free notices to the newspapers for pub- ication, and when they have a small job of printing to be done take it to an exclusive job office, which iiever donates a dollar's worth jof publicity. Manatee Record. . 1 1 FATE OF BUCHA REST JSSEALED TEUTONS ARE NOW WITHIN TWELVE MILES OF THE CITY , Ploesci is Also in Danger, Being in the Line of Advance of the Invaders In Macedonia the Advantage Rests with the Ser bians Before Whom the Bul garians are Giving Way En tente Losses Estimated by Cop enhagen Research Society. London, Eng. The fate of Bu charest apparently, is ; sealed. The Teutonic advance towards it is going on unchcckcd.Roumanian attempts to stop it have been un successful, says the Russian offic ial statement. ' ' Petrograd mentions also Ploes ci, thriry-five miles north of Bu charest, as another point in the di rection of which' the invading armies are moving without effec tive opposition. , Ploesci is on the line,. of the only railroad road of retreat for the Roumanians oper ating in the vicinity of Bucharest. The threat to Ploesci seemingly means the speedy evacuation of Bucharest if the Roumanians hope to make an effective retreat over the railroad line towards Molda via. On the south of the capital Field Marshall von Mackensen's Danube army was reported Mon day within twelve miles of the city. The Roumanian forces op posing the Teutonic advance from the west is declared defeated by Berlin, on the Argchu. On the northwest the Austro-German ar mies pushing from the mountain passes are aiding materially in the effort to complete the enveloping process and break through, to the Roumanian line of retreat. On the -Macedonian front the Serbians are following up their victory in the Grunshte region and have captured the village of Stravina, three miles north of Grunishte, according to a Serbian official statement. The Bulgari ans are retreating northward ap parently to Novik, north of Stra vina. The Serbians are announced by Paris to have made progress along the bond at Cerna, further west, north of the village of Paralovo. A Copenhagen research society is reported in a Berlin dispatch as estimating the total Lss of the en tente powers duriff the war at 15,100,000 men, of which the Rus sians lost 8,500,000 men, tho French, 3,700,000; the British, 1, 200,000; and tho Italians, 800,000; the smaller nations making up the remainder. Forty-five select grafts of man go plants have been shipped from Madras, India, to an American horticulturalist who, it is under stood, will transplant tho trees in Florida. It is believed that the importer intends to graft the In dian mangoes on Florida stock or develop a special plantation of East Indian mangoes in Florida. The experiment is regarded with interest, as mangoes produced in India have a high reputation for excellence. New York Herald. Thoyyescnt orange and grape fruit q p for Florida ns estimat ed bvl.. C. Ham A,nt fn the Government Barwi of Crop Estimates, will rpnoh s 977 nnn boxes, of which 6,334,790 is orang es, ana 1,8,210 grapefruit. This was based on the crop outlook Oc tober 30, and mav be more op Iarr. according as conditions are better or worse the remainder of the sea son. British seamen who are discus sing means of preventing wars in the future are not overlooking, it is to be hoped, the greater impor tance of ending the one now in progress. Considerable attention should be given to the fact that Samuel Gompers has been re-elected to thfi presidency of the A. F. of L., which, these days, is some presi dency. ' A change of monarchs caused absolutely no other change in Aus tria, conditions already being just as bad as they could possibly be. ( , , .HUII...I) JI..ILW l-.'.-lJ.'!"'.