Newspaper Page Text
Volume XXXI Number 42. ' THE PCJNTA GOKDA ILLRALU. PgKTA GORDA, FLORIDA Tkuwday, October 17, 1313. Lc - 1. nT containers for large seed and well scaled envelopes are best for smaller kinds. Every envelope or container should show the kind and varieties of "seed, the date, in cluding month and year when har vested, and the place where grown. To save seed for garden and field is now a patriotic mat ter. Seed is scarce the world o-ver. The Boy From Nex Boor YOU used to see him swing gaily down the street, radiant with jhe vigor On r)v hfi r.ame home lh khaku then his father told you, with mingled pride and foreboding, that he had "gone across" with his regiment : . Yesterday hi. name was on th casualty list "allghtly wounded' and your face grew frrave as ybu'thought of th sorrow and suspense of his father and mother. jhf, ' 1 From every city street, xtry ylllag, very community, the boy next door has gone to war. f 1 v , Think of these thousands of splendid young Americans, reared In comfort, peace, and security, now suddenly plunged into that roaring inferno of battle with the hardened hordes of a desperately determined foe. '- What are you doing to help them? What are you doing to arm and protect them, and bring them home in safety Have you; bought Liberty Bonds? Have you bought all you possibly can? Hili' it decurred io you that one more tiond, bought with a little additional effort, may save the life of the boy from the next boorT Buy Another Bond! THIS SPACE SUBSCRIBED TO WINNIN6 TUB WAR Y HEWITT BROTHERS GROW OATS THIS WINTER They Make a Good Grain or Pas ture Crop Hardworo, Garage, AfttbmoMlo ftopairing eid Maobino 3bop SCHOOL TAX AMENDMENT Views of a Noted Marion County . ... Man" Hon. L. S. Light of Marion county, noted throughout politi cal circles of the state as ''Old Fax and Figgers," an able and active member of past legisla tures, contributes the following to the Ocala Star of the 10th": " Here are my reasons why I am voting against and trying to de feat the amendment to the state cbnstitution at the coming elec tion permitting our school author ities to increase the tax levy to ten mills. Study these figures and see if the increased costs of our schools las' not been fast enough and see if we have not plenty of laws on otir law books without this amend ment Covering the school ques tion. -The records of the state super intendent of schools says: The cost per person for schools in this state in June, 1908, was $2.50, while in 1916 it was $4.20, an in crease of nearly 100 per cent in eight years, and in Marion county the cost for the same years was $2.27 and $6.20 nearly, threr f imps no -mnATr ' The records show that the in debtedness for schools in Whole state was $449,687 in 1908 and, was in 1916 $3,227,000, nearly eight times as large, while in Marion p.ountv it has increased from $6,9)8 in 1908 to $84,711 in iQifi t.wt.lvA fnld increase of in debtedness in eigh, years. This does not include the district school indebtedness. . '' ' The tax millage has been m fivArl in th last. Aicrlit Years to its highest limit; the assessments of property in the last ten years have been increased fully 100 per cent, the state school indebted ness has been increased nearly eight fold. United States taxes have been raised from" about $9 per person in 1916 to about $75 in 1919, and now you are called on to vote to add an additional tax burden on yourself.1 , Are you going to do it? I am not. ' ' ' ' , . '. ' "" If the school authorities want more money, why don't they try ami have the law enforced com pelling the 100,000 males in the state entitled to pay poll tax pay their poll tax?, One million dol lars has been lost to the school authorities by the "failure of this collection in the last ten years. The state tax commission is my nnthoritv for saying there are hundreds of millions of property in this state that is assessed at per cent less than their true value, and millions at ao per cem an less, and millions that are not as sessed at all. ThnHR who want more money for the schools should demand of our governor the enforcement oi our tax assessing laws. If our tax laws were eniorcea, our assessed wealth would be $1 000,000,000 and a levy of five mills all told would supply 0"- ohncA authorities with aDout :u per cent more money than now. This three-mill increase, wim out the enforcement of our tax laws, will make the man that is paying his full share pay the ad ditional levy. Wis raaiie me men that shirk their, taxes .or don't pay any, pay weir xu share, and the scnooi ooaruwm have more money and many of the taxpayers pay less taxes. A constitutional tax levy is dan cerous, because it is almost im possible to have it changed or re- pealed. , Here is an illustration: The one-half mill levy (a con stitutional amendment) for the board of health has worked, is working now and continues to do as follows : . In 1895 the board of health, in round numbers spent $16,000, while in a late year spent $159, 000, nearly ten' times as much. The board of health has cost the tax payers in the last eight years more than $1,000,000. . Should our governor, enforce the tax . assessment laws and our assessment would be $1,000,000, 000, then the board of health would receive $500,000 a year, and I believe they -could and would spend that much if - they had it. I believe if we pass this amend ment for increased millage for school purposes, it would work like the board of health tax is working now, has been and will work. Voter and taxpayer,, let's go slow in increasing taxes. Let's remember our U. S. Government is on that job and our state legis lature will soon be piling it up on you and me. Join me in demanding that the fellow that pays no taxes and the men that are enjoying special tax paying privileges be made to do their full duty; Don't vote for that amendment. It has sharp teeth arid will bite you sure.L. S. LIGHT. One crop that the , livestock tarmer should not overlook this year is oats. Planted this fall, it can follow corn, cotton, or cow- peas and lurnish winter pasture up to Feb. 1, v after" which the stock may be taken off and a seed crop cut, says A. P. Spencer of he University of Florida exten sion division. No farming land should be left bare this winter, and any that will grow, beggar weed can be Used for oats. Bare arid permits the valuable fertility to leach from the soil, and if this fertility must be replaced by com mercial fertilizers, the value of the cover crop is readily apparent. For north and west Florida, oats should , be planted early in October; for south Florida the planting should be deferred for a month. However, oats cart be planted at any time between Oct. lor Feb. 1. 1 In preparing the soil, plow the ground deeply as soon as it is cleared of the present crop, and then harrow it-thoroughly. Oats needs a firm seed bed. ' Use a drill for planting, if at all possible. It ' will distribute 1 and cover the seed evenly. Broad casting docs riot distribute the seed evenly, and covering with the harrow will cover some seed too deeply and leave others ex posed. Better results will be had from drilling, whether the crop is to be used for pasture and green manure or for seed. ' About 8 pecks of good seed oats will be required to plant ari acre. The average Florida oafs weighs about 20 pounds to the bushel, while the standard seed will weigh 6Z pounds, vvnich means that 'the, average Florida-grown oats has ten or twelve pounds of light oats and chaff, not good for seeding. By -running the seed through a fanning mill, this im perfect or worthless seed can be eliminated. For seeding, be sure to get Southern oats. . For varieties you may choose either Fulghum, Tex as Rust Proof, or Appier, with a view to getting the best seed for Florida. 1 . Rye is another good winter crop for Florida, and it is handled in much the same way as oats. About one bushel Of seed is re quired for one acre, and one . of the best varieties for planting, is Abruzzi. And like oats, plant southern-grown seed. This will produce a tall-growing rye, while the northern seed will not prove satisfactory. t-vt and material, every grove ln uior ida could be sprayed, while the ex pense to all and each would be lessened. A This vear it looked as it ciau-a. for shipping fruit would be un obtainable. I know of one coun ty where a majority of growers through organization bought and are Operating a crate mill, bought thousands of acres ot timoer, -sured themselves of crates in which to ship their fruit, and from present indications will save money enough in three years to pay for the whole outfit. No one could have done it alone, but by organizing the ' transaction was without difficulty, and no one felt any burden. - I know of one neighborhood from which four young men, own ers of groves aggregating 400 acres, volunteered and went into the army. That neighborhood is thoroughly organized. Those re maining feel as if members ct their families ' are gone. Tl 3 groves of these men will be look ed after, and when the fruit ii ripe it will be picked and market ed, and the money deposited for therii with as much certainty and ecorioniy arid profit as if they were at home. HOW TO GROW LETTUCE Thorough Preparation i Essen ': tial ' Organize for Best Results What Some Communities are Doing1 Seminole county is One of the greatest lettuce sections of the state. . tWhile attending the an nual meeting of the County agents' held at the University of Florida last week, C. M. Berry, Seminole county demonstration agent, said that most of the lettuce seed beds have been put out in his county, but that this work lasts from Sep. 1 to about Dec. 1. Iri discussing this1 crop, he said the best variety is the Big Boston ; it heads better and the market prefers this var iety. The seed should be sown thinly in rows 4 inches apart on well fertilized beds raised 3 inch es above the surface. ,H The seedlirigs are transplanted at the age of three of four weeks, according to suitable weather con ditions for their growth. The plants should have about four leaves when transplanted. The ground should be well fertilized and thoroughly prepared " before resetting the lettuce; and a plant should be put in checks 14 inches apart each way. An abundance of fertilizer, as much as three tons per acre, is used to insure a maxi mum crop. A half of this is ap plied before setting the plants and the other half as a top dressing. A complete fertilizer analyzing 4 per cent ammonia, 6 per cent phosphoric acid and 3 per cent potash is used on the average soil. Of course this formula varies ac cording to the nature of the soil, and here it is that experience and judgment must be used to get the best results. Thorough cultivation is prac ticed throughout the growth of the crop. The time of maturity from the seed bed to the finished product is from 59 to 65 days. 1 THE END Important to Save Seed If you raise any good garden truck this year save some seed, and save the best samples. The saved seed should be well labeled arid stored to save confusion when needed. Cloth bags are the best In his address at the recent meeting of the' Citrus Seminar held at the University of Florida, Dr. J. II. Ross of the Florida Cit rus Exchange spoke on coopera tion for grove work, and urged the growers to do more along this line. We give here soriie of the good things he had to say on the subject. I have pity for citrus growers who are in these times trying to go it alone. There are thousands of them who will find it impossi ble to do many of the necessary, kinds of grove work to any ad vantage individually, while there is hardly a citrus settlement in the state which, by cooperation, could not plow; prune, spray and fertilize to advantage. By com bining in Organization, fertilizers could always be bought in , car lots. Perhaps , in no' one thing is this more apparerit than in the matter of spraying. It is a pity that so little of it is done. But if growers in any locality would organize, buy spraying outfits Presbyterian Church Morning worship, 11: a. m. Vesper service, 5:00 p. m. Prayer and conference, Wednesday-evening 7:30 p. m. :The preaching services will be ' held at the city pavilion on the town pier on Sunday morning and the vesper service will be on Sun day afternoon at the pavilion:. ' The minister's theme for the Sunday morning service will be: ' ' Religion hi business ' and busi ness in religion, 'f For the ves per service will be: "The Chris tian Home." Rev. Binkley will organize soon a young men's class in the Sunday school, which, he will teach. AH young tnen of the com munity are invited to join this class, which will have special fea tures. Rev. Stanford B. Binkley, Minister. " v r ' ' ' Better look your stock of sta tionery over and let The Herald stock you up before the rush sea son begins. J f i i .4 It i W .