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volume XXXI Number 42. THE PUNT A GORDA HERALD, PUNTA GOKUA, xuiua
FARM and GROVE Agricultui-ftl News Service Extension Division U. of F. (or Univertiiy of Honda.) THE LABOR SHORTAGE Suggestions to Relieve Given It . Labor conditions over the state are getting ma critical condition, says J. O. Traxler, farm special ist, working co-operatively with the extension division. .'Ho be lieves that the farmers will have to apply very much- their own remedies as' the 'condition is very general over the entire, country. One remedy he suggests, is thriugh organized efforts to create public sentiment favoring the work or fight order 'and by the sheriff issuing instructions to his deputies to rigidly enforce the va grancy laws. "A notice posted by tne. snerai m an conspicuous places over the county, giving warning ot his intentions of so do ing has been a great help in some sections of the country. . Another method is for each farmer who has registered in this last draft to carefully fill out his questionnaire, showing his occu pation or emplowment so that the local exemption board can intelli gently determine whether or not he should be placed in deferred classification as a necessary farm manager, assistant manager labor er, etc. If the necessary farm la- i borers will see that they are prop- erly classified according to ml a 57 of the revised selective service regulations there "will likely re main on the farms sufficient labor to insure a good supply of farm products for the next year, but should many of the necessary help be taken through Class 1 more se riius circumstances will result. Provost Marshal General Crow der has ruled that the one-horse farmers are not to be placed in de ferred classification on account of being engaged in a necessary in dustry unless they are producing more than is used for the mainte nance of those living on the place. It is most impossible for a one horse farmer to comply with this requisite and many of them who are anticipating deferred classifi cation are likely to be placed in i Class 1. . ';-.-';:'''i '''.' -' i X i A- si 1 Tlhiey 9re in to Wpi i 1 ! Dancing academies all em ployes. Fruit stands all employes. Garages all employes, except mechanics. Hotels ind restaurants Wait ers, porters, 50 per cent cooks. House servants. Janitors of buildings. Junk dealers and all employes. Livery and sales stables all employes. Mercantile establishments more than sufficient drivers to make one delivery a day, no spec ial deliveries permitted. Book keepers, cashiers and solicitors. More than 50 per cent clerks. Shooting galleries proprietors and employes. Soft drink establishments all employes. , FLORIDA'S GREATEST ' SHOW Will Include Exhibits of State's War Work the CHOLERA TREATED FREE By State and Federal Veterina-riang Fair targets,, every one of these men, for the German riflemen and machine gunners hidden behind the parapet. But they are not thinking of the bullets whizzing past them; of the sheila, bursting over their heads. They are intent on one thing to scale that bank, take the bridge head and win the day. And these men are made of the same stuff as all true Americans who read these words. If we are the same staff, let us prove it Let us get into the fight as they do- to the imrf- for Victory ! Thus Space Contributed to Winning the War by CL SO UTHEkN UTILITIES COMPANY JL N. SIKCS, Local Manager. Punta Gorda, Florida WAGES OF FRUIT PICKERS i This is. the season of the year when hog cholera is most preva lent. Hog raisers should ( report the first evidence of disease to Dr. II. W, Witmcr, Bradentown, or to the State Live . Stock Sanitary Board in Tallahassee, who will send a state or federal representa- tive to - take charge of the work. The prompt co-iperation of the farmers is a patriotic duty. It will reduce hog losses to a mini mum and will; make hog raising (so essential in war times) one of our safest industries: ' During the month of July, the state, federal and practicing vet erinarians vaccinated 9,399 hogs While this is a good report, this number should be more than , diubled for the month of Octo ber. ' . The service of the state and fed eral veterinarians is free the on ly cost to the farmers for having their herds treated is for the se rum; or for scrum rand virus, which may be purchased at a nom inal price. .' The Herald will do your print ing right now. Agreed Upon at the Orlando Con ference Adoption of a ,'scale of wages for picking citrus fruit that will give the pickers of expert ability from three to six dollars or even more each day, was the feature of jlars a day. THE EVENING STAR . Ocala, Fla. - DAILY EXCEPT 8UNDAY, 9 A YEAR. J. II. BENJAMIN. Editor. , Represents one of the Finest Agricult ural Sections ot the State. - THE TAMPA DAILY TIMES -Tampa, Fla. - EVENING PAPER, 6 TIMES A WEEK. $6.00 A YEAR ALL THE NEWS WHILE IT IS XEWS. ' News of the World' an rterlda. a conterence ot the citrus truit growers and packers at Orlando, on ' October 1st. Federal Food Administrator Braxton Beacham had been asked to call the growers together to discuss the labor prob lem, not the least part of which was the wage scale under which the growers and packers have been operating and which they hoped to settle by a general dis cussion. The scale of rates as finally a dopted were as follows: For picking grapefruit, 4 to 8 cents per box. For picking oranges, 6 to 12 cents per box. , ! v For scattered picking good pickers where impossible to fol low piece work, a daily wage of $3.00 was adopted. Following the action . of the growers, these prices for labor were submitted to Administrator Beacham, who approved them as being fair and just to the laboring people and also to the grower and packer. Mr. Beacham, after the schedule was submitted to him, made the following statement: ."The prices you have suggested will give, your pickers an opportu nity to earn higher wages than they . could possibly hope to re ceive on any kind of work open to unskilled workmen. Nevertheless, it is a high-wage scale in compari son to what has been paid in past years for this particular class of work ; but, in approving the list those non-war industries in schedule, I have considered the its community which will first be increased cost of living and the called upon to contribute men to necessity for safe-guarding the in- war work. terests of the working man. The "This docs not mean that such prices you have named will allow industries will be compelled to expert pickers or those more skill- close ud or discharse their male jful to earn from four, to six and, employees at once, but that with in some cases, as high as eight dol- as much fairness as is possible and i irust mat our roc- with as much snood no mov h 1 1 ' r - -j iiin y , ut J uiar worKers in citrus groves will necessary to meet the national consider the liberality if these emergency they will release male prices, ana wm also consider the workers." duty they owe to their country, at The DcSoto county community inc- pie&c-nt inue uy loyally co-op- laDor board at a meeting held crating with the' grove owners and Sept. 30th Drenared a list nf re packing house operators to prop-1 cupations which it will consider cnynanaic tne crop of this sea- non-essential. The list follows: son." . ' i Automobiledrivers of pleas b ollowmg the adoption of the uro cars. , prices, the growers also agreed to Automobile--cleaninff and de. vuuuiac aim nuupi as xar as prac- iivering cars to owners. ticable the labor registration card system originated in Orange coun ty. Practically every county of tne citrus belt or Florida was rep resented at the Orlando confer ence, and all who were in attend ance agree to comply fully with the schedules of prices as adonted pand approved. LOCAL LABOR BOARD Names the Following; sentials Non-Es- The Community Labor Board of DeSoto county met on Sep. 30 in Arcadia and decided what la bor would be essential and what would be non-essential , in ; order that the Government may obtain the necessary labor to carry on its work. The ruling of the department of labor regarding -the duties of these boards is as follows: "It is within the province of each community labor board to Amusements ushers, ticket bpI. . lers, collectors. Barber shop attendants, not in cluding barbers. Bellboys over 18 years of age. Bowling alley employes and proprietors. Billiard and poolroom employ es and proprietors. Bottlers and bottle supplies proprietors and employes. ' Cigar dealers, clerks and' at tendants. ' Candy dealers, air emploves. - Chauffeurs of mibl biles except those operating only to Camp Dorr and Carlstrom Fields. " Clearers ployes. . Confectioners and delicatessen establishments all cmnlovoq PT. jcept one manager. Contrflftnrfl TTl.:n , . vjusAiuea em ployes not engaged in the erection of structures for war work -This shall not include buildings 35 per cent completed. and dyers all h The many "win the war" ac tivities to which the peiple of Florida liave, in common with those throughout the nation, given liberally of their time, more liber ally of their money and both with all the enthusiasism of which they are -capable, will be interestingly illustrated and impressively dein- '! oust rated in the joint exhibit i which is assured for the Florida State Fair and Exposition, in Jacksonville, in the coming fall. Such an exhibit, made in con-, junction with .the highly instruct ive display of war implements and equipment, which the United States government will . mako at the Florida State Fair, will be made by the various war activi ties organizations of the state to whose executive heads Secretary Hanafourde, of the State Fair As sociation, has recently addressed j a letter suggesting to them that ,the U. S. government desires that J fairs in all communities shall have j exhibits along this line of work, 'and extending to such organiza tion the abundant facilities, of the Florida State Fair and Exposi tion. It was suggested that the heads of every war-work organi-' 'zation in Florida call meetings of tneir representative bodies and name a committee on State Fair Exhibit to arrange for the pro posed joint exhibit at the Fair, "which," wrote Secretary Hana fourde, "would prove of interest to the citizens , of Florida- and would inform them of what ' is really being done to help win the ' M'ar." "This exhibit," he further suggested,' "should be made in one location under, some distinct title, such as 'An Acre of AVar,' or "Florida In the AVar.' " How well the suggestion has been re ceived is indicated in the cordial approval of Federal Fuel Admin istrator Arthur- T. Willi ' Judge J. F. Griggs, Director, of the Florida ftVar Savings Commit tee, and L. W. Josselyn, librarian' of the Camp Johnston Library which is included in the Ameri can Library Association, - as well' as of the Departmentsof War arid of Agriculture at Washington. Storing-Sweet Potatoes em- The annual loss in PI the South bv not taki T1 ff Tlrnnnn care of sweet potatoes runs in millions of dollars. The increas ed production of this important food crop in the Inst SIT iron-no Viio been ti per cent, nnr? th been mors of. them saved by fol lowing instructions nmvi,l n,,' the U. S. Department of Agricul ture. Information about taking care of them is fnnnrl in Bulletin 970, entitled "Sweet Po tato Storage," . copies' of which can be had free, with nlans storage houses, hv writinrr in V. l7 Atkinson, State Experiment Station,- Gainesville, or R. G. Hill Connally Building, Atlantv.Ga'" ' xney. represent the U. S. Depaii ment of Agriculture. : . Save your scraps. If its printing you want done we do it. r Back the Fighting Men with the lighting Loan. Why not subscribe for Tho Hei' aid and cease .borrowing?