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In an article published in Tho Outlook last summer by Atherton Brownell, entitled “Wanted: A Government for
Alaska,” is a thoughtful discussion of the present needs of this Territory, from the standpoint of government, wherein incidentally the author lines himself up in favor of a commission, differing somewhat from that framed in the Bever idge bill. VHereby is published an extract from the article, not for the purpose of noticing the commission argument hut because the author scores a few points on the matter of conservation and the present retarding of coal development There is a local feeling that Alaska may be given over to “the corporations.” As between giving the corporate interests a mort gage—adeath pledge —upon the future of Alaska, and so throttling them that neither they nor the people by unorganized individual effort can develop these resources, there is a safe middle ground that must be occupied, and the question thus presented is again similar to that which confronted the Philippine commission. The wealth of the Philippines attracted the greed of groat aggregations of capital, which doubtless would exploit that wealth solely for their own desires and regardless of the future welfare of the peo ple. Hero the attempt was made to prevent the everlasting mort gaging of the future by the adoption of stringent and drastic land laws which effectually prevented their occupation by capitalists, but which, by the same token, have caused them to lie idle and un developed while the natives starved. This form of conservation for future generations presupposed the ability of the present gen e ration to live on nothing long enough to bring the next into being. The actual operation of these laws has brought students of the Philippine government, including President Taft, to the belief that real development means to take advantage of the benefits to be de rived from corporateorganization, while at the same time checking undue greed. The land laws of the Philippines are to be amended along this line of thought, and one of the problems that will con front an Alaskan commiss on is along the same line. i lie same problem is one that, in other phases, confronts the entire country in the matter of the proper limitations that shall be set to the carrying out of our conservation policy. There is a grow ing feeling that the true purposes of conservation are not being fulfilled by the absolute withdrawal of lands for entry and settle ment in order to prevent their occupation by greedy capital; but that the real purpose of conservation is the proper use and eco nomical development of our resources. Between conservation that means idleness and the waste that foreshadows want there is a pol icy the note of which is sounded in the annual report of Secretary of the Interior Ballinger where he suggests the classification and segregation of public lands according to their present apparent use. This is the salient point, perhaps, of the administration’s view of the public domain, namely, its use as opposed to its abuse and neglect. Alaska furnishes one of the present examples of the latter in its coal fields. Mr. Alfred H. Brooks, of the United States Geologi cal Survey, is authority for the statement that the coal deposits on the southern coast of Alaska are greater in extent than the coal fields of Pennsylvania. The Pacific coast is practically without coal otherwise. The United States navy department imports its coal largely from Wales for use in ships on the Pacific, and it pays therefor as high a price as $12 to $14 per ton. Lying untouched in Alaska are coal fields which, if operated, could produce coal at perhaps $2 per ton, thereby supplying not only the manufacturing plants of the Pacific coast with their fuel, but also providing the navy with coal at one sixth the cost, as well as creating a supply of our own upon which we could draw for national defense in case of need, instead of compelling us to go to foreign nations for a con traband of war which, even could it be obtained, would then have to be transported over great exposed distances in foreign bottoms. Our navy in the* Pacific burns approximately 400,000 tons of coal annually, most of which comas from Wales, although a small amount comes around Cape Horn from Pennsylvania. The cost runs from $7 to $14 per ton at the Mare Island navy yard, whereas with the Alaskan coal fields open and in operation, with adequate railway transportation, we would have our own supply independ ently of any other nation and at an annual government saving of approximately $4,000,000 per annum. This saving in one year Cap’s Piace Imperial Cigar Store Just received large stock of Peterson and Calabash Pipes and Confectionery. NEWLY BUILT PRIVATE CARD ROOMS To enjoy an evening call and see us. Willow Street, Iditarod. Merchants Cafe Wedding Dinners and Large Parties a Specialty. Strictly First Class, Open Day and Night C'has. E Miller & Ernest H. Slenter, Props. Majestic Pool Lamp iEsT" FOR SALE E. W. GRIFFIN & CO. Bank Saloon M. & M. Bank Building Bar Whiskey Spring 1899 1 would bo sufficient, to equip the mines with the necessary machin i ery to produce 2,000,000 tons per year. If the coalfields of Alaska i were to oe left undeveloped for 50 years, as has been suggested, : to provide for the future, the United States navy alone would 1 av wasted $200,000,000 As the coal land situation in Alaska is a matter of keen public - interest at this time, a word on this subject may add to a clearer | understanding. In 1900 the coal land law of the United States ; was extended to Alaska. That proved ineffectual because tin 1 -.vs : permitted the entry of surveyed lands only, and there were no ! public surveys in Alaska. In 1901 a new law was passed permit ; ting the location of unsurveyed coal lands by taking possession and j marking boundaries. Under that act some 30,000 aci'es of coal land ! were located in what is known as the Bering river coalfield, a1 ou i 10,000 acres were located in what is known as the Matanuska coal* 1 field, and perhaps 2,000 acres located in the Fairbanks district, all in 160-acre sections or tracts. The language of the act provides ! that no entries shall be made except for the individual benef t i! I the locator, and not directly or indirectly for the benefit of any other person or company nor with the intention of later selling or j combining with others for more economical working or obtaining capital for equipment. Under this ruling some thirty and odd en tries were suspended in 1906 for fraud. Because of the belief that | corporate interests were seeking the development of these land all were withdrawn from entry. Practically the only corporate interests in Alaska today on a large scale are those which exist under the so called Morgan-Gug genheim syndicate. Its railway, the Copper River & Northwest ern, is being driven from tidewater on Prince William sound north ward to tap the Bering river coalfields, the Kotsina-Chitina copper region, and the gold-bearing and agricultural Tanana valley in the interior plateau- This railway is the one assured enterprise of the kind under construction in Alaska, the supreme need of which ter ritory is rail connection between tidewater and the mineral fields of the interior. It is being built at large expense without cost to the government in either money or concessions of land, timber or min erals. How great would have been the setback to the development of our own West if such conditions had been required of the first transcontinental lines may be imagined. The one actual possession of the builders of this road, and that which gives them a practical reason for building it, is a single cop per mine in the upper Chitina region. This is the somewhat cele brated Bonanza, certainly a remarkably valuable property, and— so far as exploration has gone—the richest of the dozen or more large prospects in an extensive and but little prospected area, which without the railway is almost inaccessible. The Morgan-Guggenheim syndicate, in addition to being ac cused of owning all the copper in the territory, is accused of clutch ing at all the coal lands. More particularly is it charged with hav ing some sort of working agreement with the Cunningham inter ests, which have 32 claims in the Bering river fields, concerning the granting of patents on which there has recontly been much dis cussion. Unquestionably the belief that there is some connection be tween the builders of the railway and the Cunningham claimants is based upon the unreasonable nature of the'supposition that con servative capital would not build a railway through an isolated wil derness without some assurance of an adequate fuel supply. Even if this is true, what are the conditions ? The 32 Cunningham claims consist of 5,120 acres of land. There are in this one field alone 550 claims measuring 88,000 acres. In the Bering river and Matanuska fields together there are claims 900 claims of 160 acres each. To get at this coal for the operation of the mines there must be built more than 50 miles of railway, thereby opening up another inaccessible and important area, and terminal facilities for handling it must be provided, besides the in curring of the expense of large primary development. Yet these holdings would be ’ess than 6 per cent, of the area already located. And failing this recourse, the railway must pay from $12 to $14 a ton to run engines through an aninhabited wilderness. YOU CAN SEE THEM SAW ON FLAT CREEK The Slipperu sawmill got under way out at Flat last Tuesday and has been turning out the rough stuff ever since. Now there is a legend to the effect that the Slipperu boys bad their mill on the side of the hill, but late investigation has shown that the mill is right there in the creek bottom just at the mouth of Flat where it will do considerable good. In addition, they have so many logs that you can't count ’em. Earl Slipperu, who hibernated on Otter last winter was wise to all that lum ber growing lustily at the head of Otter, so he told a few boys to go up and clip some of it last summer. Result,—well lots of logs at Flat. J. C. Moody, the local attorney, who was called to Gecrgetowu re cently on a case, is back with a glowing description of the new country. He says he bought a lot and contracted for the erection of a building, which means that he has designs on that very city. Have your nuggets made into souve nirs at Simpson’s, the pioneer jeweler Baird sells Bock cigars. ARE READY FOR NICE HOT ONES Flat City has the fire department well in hand. That is they had enough in hand last week to pay for chemicals, of which there are a goodly number. Besides Fred Raap is on the job over there, keep ing a weather eye on incipient blazes. The department lacks some buckets and ladders which are need ful iu climbing over things and put ting water on them. Therefore, it is said that any Flater who is down on too much heat in the winter time, can contribute to the cause without causing a blush within the confines of the reception committee. After skating all over the coun try from Candle to Georgetown, "Count” Foiselles, famous Nome musher, prospector and miner drop ped into town last week to look up a few friends. He has lately been locating ground uu Castle creek, and in liis recent travels has stepped on nearly every foot of groutid in the Kuskokwim watershed. They say the "Count” sold a piece of property in Nome for $56,000, all of which lasted him a good three weeks iu Frisco. Reduced Perishables To Real Hard Cash: 1 They pulled off an auction at | Georgetown the other day, whereat 1 it is said that Commissioner Heavy distinguished himself as one of the best that ever called for a Lid. It appears that the estate of the late Win, Trisco, the man who met death through an accidental shoot ing some time ago, consisted of an outfit of grub and other things that could not well be stored ill the ar chives ol the district court clerk’s •office. I I reatmg the exigencies of the occasion to a mild solution of com mon sense, the commissioner de- j -ided to sell the articles before they ! spoiled and turn the money over to! the clerk of the court to he distri-j bitted according to the due admitiis- ! ration of the estate Therefore j ;he auction was held Things went at a lively rate and ! die goods sold for their real value under the magnetic impulses fur ni-died by the genial commissioner aid they cleared $250 which amount has been forwarded loCleik Page : it Fairbanks. BED EYE FOB REDSkHS IS NOT COMPATIBLE — Following a few small libations, luring which he appears to have taken more than the regulation j ‘ three-fingers” Mels Perras, char ged at Georgetown with the crime of giving liquor to Indians, has] been bound over to the grand jury, \ scheduled to appear here in the : spring when Judge (Deerfield opens 1 the first Iditarod term of cou.t. From the report of Attorney J : C. Moody who just got back from Georgetown, Perras is out 011 $2000 hail, after having pleaded guilty before Commissioner Heavey. This plea was entered before Moody got over there, and it seems there was ! nothing to do but go through with it. It appears that Perras was slightly under the influence when the Indians got hold ot the bottle, wherefore it mav be that no one is guilty except old man Barleycorn. A box of La Verdad Perfecto cigars Xmas will please the most fastidious smoker. At Johnstone’s. Smith & S¥lcl¥lasters, CARPENTERS, BUILDERS AND JOBBERS MISSION FURNITURE A Specialty. Shop—Richmond St., bet. 1st and 2d. FOR SALE—Piece of boiler-plate ste 48x84 inches, 135 lbs. Pioneer office. Corner First Ave. and Richmond St. CHAS. WORDEN, PROP. The Sideboard OldTyler Whiskey a Specialty Front St. J. R. Andarsan, Prop. ldttarcd FOR A QUIET SLEEP TRY Rooms by the Day, Week or f/oniti - 3rd and Willow St. CRYSTAL niTIIQ SPRINGS BH 1 lid The only bath house in Iditarod using Crystal Spring water. Mrs. C. J. Sellander, Willow Street Sditarod ALL KINDS OF MACHINE REPAIRING PUMPS A SPECIALTY rv Black Street, Near Slippern's Mill Fort Gibbon’s Up-to-Date House Golden North HOTEL Finest and Neatest Rooms Caters Especially to Family Trade NO Bar ED Y. LEE, PROP. J. A. SLIPPERN, Carries the LARGEST and WIOST^COIWPLETE Stock of Sash, Doors, Glass, MIRRORS AND BUILDERS' HARDWARE IN IDITAROD Store Kronts and Fancy Windows Of anv Size and Design Made to Order LOWEST PRICES GUARANTEED Telephone No. 5 Office—Slippern’s Sawmill TURN YOUR FACE TO The Mecca | ~ For Inspiration Corner Second Avenue and Willow Street George Auten Dave Ferguson Clark Lumber Co. Phone io—IDITAROD- Pbom io Rough and Dressed Lumber ALL KINDS"OF FREIGHTING DONE, PROMPT DELIVERY GUARANTEED.