Newspaper Page Text
per month IDITAROD. ALASKA. SATURDAY MORNING. JANUARY 29. 1916 ^ cents pm copy ^ SLISHT ADVANCE MARKS BIRTHDAY OF WILHELM BERLIN, Jan. 28.—The Germans have renewed the attack on the French positions around Neuville. In the fighting yesterday six hundred yards of trenches were captured, which are being held against all attacks. Expected Drive on Kaiser s Birthday LONDON, Jan. 26.—A renewal of heavy fighting on the western front is in progress. It is expected that the Germans will make a desperate attempt to break through the French lines on Thursday, which is the kaiser’s birthday. Disaster to British Persian Expedition LONDON, Jan. 26.—The British forces in Meso potamia have suffered a severe reverse, and are en deavoring to reach the besieged city of Kutalamara. General Aylmer, in command of the British forces, j has requested and obtained a truce of one day in which to bury the dead. Aeroplanes Attack English Coast LONDON, Jan. 24.—Two attacks by aeroplanes I on the coast of Kent were made on Sunday. Nine bombs were dropped during the first attack, during which one person was killed and several injured. There was considerable damage to private property. No casualties resulted from the second attack. Aerial Attack on Metz Repulsed PARIS, Jan. 24.—Two groups of aeroplanes, comprising twenty-four machines, bombarded the railway station and barracks at Metz, but were re pulsed by German and Austrian aeroplanes. Austrians on the Adriatic VIENNA, Jan. 24.—The Austrian forces have oc- j cupied the Adriatic seaports of Antivari and Dui cingo. Scutari Aiso Occupied BERLIN, Jan. 25.—Scutari has been occupied by Austrian troops. Truce Was Only a Ruse ROME, Jan. 24.—Premier Miouchkovitch of - Montenegro, in a dispatch from Brindisi, says that Montenegro arranged the truce with Austria as a j ruse to enable her to gain time to prepare for the retreat into Albania. Sunk by Submarine SALONIKI, Jan. 24.—A German submarine has sunk a British cargo boat. BRITAIN MAINTAINS POSITION ON QUESTION OF SEA BLOCKADE LONDON, Jan. 27.—The reply of Great Britain to President Wilson's note protesting against the naval blockade has been submitted to the American ambassador. It is claimed by Great Britain that she j cannot abandon the policy of interference with the trade of the enemy, and cannot execute her plans without interference to neutral trade. Paris joins in the reply. Armed Against Submarines WASHINGTON, Jan. 25.—The Italian steamship Verona has arrived at New York with two guns mounted on her stern. The incident probably will result in the Austrian government taking up diplo matically with the United States the question of arm ing merchantmen. May Hasten Government’s Decision WASHINGTON, Jan. 27.—The arrival on Tues day last of an Italian steamship having on board mounted guns may hasten the decision of the gov ernment upon the question of the policy to be pur sued with reference to armed merchantmen. Imprisoned Consuls Are Released WASHINGTON, Jan. 22.—Through the good of fices of the United States, the German, Austrian, Turkish and Bulgarian consuls at Saloniki, who were arrested by the allies, have been released. Persia Incident Believed to Be Closed The Austrian government has informed Secretary oi State Lansing that Austrian submarines were not concerned in the sinking of the Persia, and as Ger many has done likewise, the incident is believed to be closed. Turkey Did It LONDON, Jan. 24.—The Turkish ministry, in a public statemnet, claims that a Turkish submarine sunk the Persia. -* LIBERT/ OF MORE IMPORTANCE THAN PEACE NEW YORK, Jan. 28.—President Wilson made three speeches in this city yesterday. He admitted having . hanged his mind upon the question of na tional defense, and also upon the tariff problem. He favored the creation of a tariff board. Speaking on the main subject of discourse, the “preparedness” program, he said he considered the liberty and honor pf the nation of more importance than peace. ALASKA COAL A FACTOR WASHINGTON, Jan. 26. Rear Ad miral McGowan appeared before the house naval affairs committee yester day. He claimed that oil was cheaper than coal for naval operations on the Pacific at present, but that the opening of the Alaska coal fields and the com pletion of the Alaska railroad woultl make coal the logical fuel of the navy. GOVERNMENT OF CANAL ZONE TORN UP BY DISSENSION PANAMA, Jan. 25. Serious differences of an official nature have arisen between Major General Goethals, governor of the canal zone, and Brigadier General Clarence Edwards, commander of the troops stationed in the zone. The military commander’s criticisms of the governor have reached Washington, and information has been re quested by the war department. Both offi cers have left for Washington. -» PLANS ALREADY ON FOOT TO ORGANIZE CONVENTION CHICAGO, Jan. 25. Preliminary plans) for the Republican national convention, i which is to be held in this city next June, j have been approved by the sub committee j in charge of arrangements. Ex-Senator Elihu Root of New York and Senator Borah j of Idaho have been mentioned for the honor ; of the temporary chairmanship. MONTANA WEATHER IS COLDER THAN ALASKA’S GREAT FALLS, Mont., Jan. 28. Re ports have been received from many points j in Northern Montana telling of temperature j of CO degrees below zero. The extreme cold j weather has caused a coal famine in many small communities. Seven persons are known to have been frozen to death. -* BRITISH TRADES UNIONISTS FAVOR CARRYING ON WAR j BRISTOL, Jan. 27. -The British Trades j Union Congress assembled here yesterday. The first day’s proceedings were notable by reason of the fact that the unionists out voted the extreme Socialist or anti-war sec tion, end adopted a resolution in favor of carrying on the war U> the end. SEATTLE COMMERCIAL BODY COMMENDED BY SECRETARY | SEATTLE, Jan. 25.--The Alaska bureau of the Seattle Chamber of Commerce has j received a letter from Secretary of the In- j terior Lane commending the bureau’s cam- ' paign inaugurated for the purpose of calling the attention of congress to the needs of Alaska. | -4 JOE LAWRY WILL RECEIVE FORTUNE OF HIS BROTHER DAVENPORT. Wash., Jan. 28. Joe Lawry, who went to Alaska in 1896, and was last heard from in the Caribou country j in 1910, is being sought by the executors j of the will of his brother. The latter left j a large estate, which he bequeathed to Joe Lawrv. --4< PIONEER OF KLONDIKE IS DEAD IN CALIFORNIA SEATTLE, Jan. 28.—Charles W. Stanch- j field, one of the first gold-seekers to go over j the Chilkoot pass in the great stampede to j the Klondike, died suddenly yesterday at j his orange ranch at Sunland, Cal. -♦.. — FEDERAL SUPREME COURT ESTABLISHES NEW RECORD WASHINGTON, Jan. 27.—For the first time since its organization the United States supreme court has been compelled to take an indefinite adjournment because of lack of cases on its calendar. -4 SECRETARY OF INTERIOR IN RUNAWAY ACCIDENT WASHINGTON, Jan. 24.—Secretary of the Interior Franklin K Lane and his wife were badly shaken up today in a runaway. Their vehicle was dragged a distance of half a block. --« WEAK HEADS OR WEAK KNEES SEATTLE, Dec. 30.—Senior law students of the University of Washington have voted to “wear” red canes this year, as a mark of : distinction. Dean John T. Condon says the student who carries a can has either weak knees or a weak head. -A TEDDY TO TAKE HOLIDAY NEW YORK, Jan. 24.—Former President Theodore Roosevelt and wife will leave on February 10 for a tour of the West Indian islands, to be of several weeks’ duration. WILSON’S^EMISSARY PARIS, Jan. 24.—Colonel House, who is on a mission of President Wilson to the United States representatives at European capitals, left for Switzerland yestreday. ALASKANS AT CAPITAL WASHINGTON, Jan. 25.—Visitors to the capital today include Falcon Joslin and John Dolan, both of Fairbanks. AGED EMPEROR AGAIN ILL LONDON, Jan. 24.—Emperor Francis Joseph is again confined to his bed by a renewed attack of bronchitis, WHAT PRESIDENT SAID ABOUT ALIEN CONSPIRACIES (From the President’s Message) There are citizens of the United States, I blush to admit, born under other flags but welcomed under our generous naturalization laws to the full freedom and opportunity of America, who have poured the poison of disloyalty into the very arteries of pur na tional life; who have sought to bring the authority and good name of our govern ment into contempt, to destroy our indus tries wherever they thought it effective for their vindictive purposes to strike at them, and to debase our politics to the uses of foreign intrigue. Their number is not great as compare« with the whole number of those sturdy hosts by which our nation has been enriched in recent generations out of virile foreign stocks; but it is great enough to have brought deep disgrace upon us and to have made it necessary that we should promptly make use of processes of law by which we may be purged of their corrupt distempers. America never witnessed anything like tb\> before. It never dreamed it possible that men drawn out of great free stocks such as supplied some of the best and strongest ele ments of that little, but now heroic, nation that in a high day of old staked its very life to free itself from every entanglement that had darkened the fortunes of the older nations and set up a new standard here that men of such origins and such free choices of allegiance would ever turn in malign reaction against the government and people who had welcomed and nurtured them and seek to make this proud country once more a hotbed of European passion. A little while ago such a thing would have seemed incredible. Because u was incredi ble we made no preparation for it. We would have been almost ashamed to pre pare for it, as if we were suspicious of our- j selves, our own comrades and neighbors! i But the ugly and incredible thing has ac tually come about and we are without ade quate federal laws to deal with it. I urge you to enact such laws at the earliest pos- | sible moment and feel that in doing so I am urging you to do nothing less than save the honor and self-respect of the nation. Such creatures of passion, disloyalty and anarchy must be crushed out. They are not many, but they are infinitely malignant, and the hand of our power should close ; over them at once. They have formed plots : to destroy property, they have entered into conspiracies against the neutrality of the I government, they have sought to pry into every confidential transaction of the gov- j eminent in order to serve interests alien to j our own. It is possible to deal with these things very effectively. I need not suggest j the terms "in which they may be dealt with. ; I wish that it could be said that only a few men, misled by mistaken sentiments of allegiance to the governments under which they were born, had been guilty of dis turbing the self-possession and misrepresent ing the temper and principles of the country during these days of terrible war, when it would seem that every man who was truly an American would instinctively make it his duty and his pride to .keep the scales of judgment even and prove himseif a parti san of no nation but his own. But it can not. There are some men among us, and many resident abroad, who, though born and "bred in the United States and calling themselves Americans, have so forgotten themselves and their honor as citizens as to put their passionate sympathy with one or the other side in this great European conflict above their regard for the peace and dignity of the United States. They also preach and practice disloyalty. No laws. I suppose, can reach corruptions of the mind and heart; but I should not speak of others without also speaking of these, and ex pressing the even deeper humiliation anti scorn which every self-possessed and thoughtfully patriotic American must feel when he thinks of them and of the dis credit they are daily bringing upon us. While we speak of the preparation ot me nation to make sure of her security and her effective power we must not fall into the patent error of supposing that her real strength comes from armaments and mere safeguards of written law. It comes, of course, from her people, their energy, their success in their undertakings, their free op portunity to use the natural resources of our great home land and of the lands out side our continental borders which look to us for protection, for encouragement and for assistance in their development; from the organization and freedom and vitality of our economic life. The domestic ques tions which engaged the attention of the last congress are more vital to the nation in this its time of test than at any other time. We cannot adequately make ready for any trial of our strength unless we wisely and promptly direct the force of our laws into these all-important fields of domestic action. __ EGYPTIAN INVASION AWAITS OUTCOME OF OTHER PLANS LONDON, Dec. 9.—A dispatch to the Daily Telegraph from Rome says: “According to indirect news from Con stantinople, Germany has abandoned her idea of an expedition against Egypt in favor of a great Turco-German expedition against India. “The German project is to organize an army of 400,000 Turks, with 100,000 Ger mans, commanded by Field Marshal Von der Goltz, and an immense number of guns, for an expedition in the spring, which will be preceded by a large Turkish advance guard, which already is on the march to Bagdad. The Bulgarian army would undertake the care of the Balkan line of communication to insure supplies to the Germans in Asia." SPOKANE STREET CAR FALLS THROUGH BRIDGE TO RIVER SPOKANE, Wash., Dec. 18.—Seven per sons were drowned and twelve lie in the hospitals suffering from injuries received as the result of a car crashing through a weak ened bridge on North Division street early this morning. The occurrence took place in the darkness, and as the car fell into the Spokane river the task of saving the victims was very difficult. Another car which was following closely became suspended in the wreckage, but was held up in time. Most of the people in the car were laborers, HELPED TO START WAR BERLIN, Jan. 26. Medeljo Gabrino vitch, the Servian anarchist who threw a bomb at the Archduke Ferdinand of Austria a few hours before the royal duke and his wife were shot by assas sins, died in prison recently. The plot which resulted in the royal murders included the unsuccessful bomb-throw ing, and was the immediate cause of the great European war. BOLD ROBBERY IN CHICAGO COSTS LIFE OF POLICEMAN CHICAGO, Jan. 22. A bandit accompa nied a woman in a taxicab to the office of the Thomas A. Cook tourist agency today and wounded the cashier, killed a policeman, and then grabbed a thousand dollars and made his escape. The robbery took place in the busiest part of the city, and was one of the most daring in years. -4 OFFERS TO SURRENDER IF NOT EXTRADITED NEW YORK, Jan. 22. The bureau of investigation of the department of justice has received a letter from Lincoln, the al leged German spy who made his escape from custody recently, in which he offers to sur render upon condition that he be not ex tradited to England. Lincoln was being held for extradition on a charge of forgery. —4 MEAT SHIPPED TO GERMANY AS MATTER OF NECESSITY AMSTERDAM, Jan. 22.—The Dutch min ister of agriculture has been authorized to ! immediately slaughter for exportation . to j Germany a thousand head of cattle, which otherwise would die of exhaustion and ex- | posure. The shortage of feed ia due to floods. -4 ADDITIONAL TAXATION FOR GERMAN EMPIRE AMSTERDAM, Jan. 26.- The secretary of the imperial German treasury, Dr. Helffer ich, has prepared plans for additional taxa tion which will yield $125,000,000 to be de- I rived from tobacco, postoffice transactions and railroad traffic. -» “BULL MOOSE” PARTY WILL NOT STAY DEAD OMAHA, Neb., Jan. 26.—A meeting of . the local and state leaders of the Progressive : party has decided to place in the field a i full state, congressional and presidential ticket in the elections of next fall. -♦ RUSSIANS TO BE EQUIPPED BY AID OF JAPANESE SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 26.—Contracts binding Japan to furnish Russia with vast stores of munitions of war. with Great Brit ain guaranteeing payment, have been signed by GOVERNMENT TO CONTROL CONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENT LONDON. Jan. 22.—The urgent necessity for munitions of war has determined the government to undertake the dilution of skilled labor with semi-skilled and unskilled female workers. -» ENGLISH NEWSPAPERS TO BE REDUCED IN SIZE LONDON, Jan. 24.—English newspapers have agreed to reduce the importation of paper and wood pulp 40 per cent in order to liberate a considerable number of ships for other trade demands. -♦ BRYAN TO JOIN FORD PARTY STOCKHOLM, Jan. 27.—A cablegram has been received here announcing that William J. Bryan is about to join the Ford peace party. His arrival is expected to great'/ strengthen the party.^ NIGHT RIDERS SENTENCED NEW MADRID, Mo., Jan. 22.—Three more night riders have been sentenced to the penitentiary, making eighteen who have now been convicted. Forty-seven yet re main to be tried. Y/HITE HOUSE DINNER WASHINGTON, Jan. 26.—At a dinner at the W’hite House la*t night the diplomatic representatives of ths Teutonic governments and of the neutral countries were the guests of the President. -A TO HONOR MARTYRED NURSE PARIS, Jan. 24.—A statue in honor of Edith Cavell, the English nurse executed by the Germans in Belgium, is to be erected in the garden of the Tuilleries. -♦ “STARVATION” DOCTOR OUT WALLA, WALLA, Dec. 18— Dr. Linda Hazzard, the “starvation” doctor,” serving a prison term for causing the death of a patient, was released from the penitentiary last evening on parole. SNOWSTORM IN CITRUS BELT SAN BERNARDINO, Cal., Dec. 30.—Two inches of snow fell here last night, and this part of the state is seeing its first real snow storm in history. Quite a large number of Southern California towns have been visited by snow this time. ALASKA RAILROAD WORK PROVIDED FOE IN Bill WASHINGTON, Jan. 22.—The house of repre sentatives has passed the urgent deficiency bill, in cluding the item of $2,000,000 for the immediate use of the Alaska engineering commission in the work of railway construction in Alaska. May Forfeit National Bank Charters Comptroller of the Treasury Williams has in formed the house committee on finance that he is considering the advisability of bringing suits to for feit the charters of national banks which are charg ing usurious interest. Mexican Information Treated Confidentially Some information concerning the Mexican situa tion which President Wilson sent to the senate in response to the request of that body is being con sidered confidentially, for the reason that it is stated to be unwise to make it public at this time. High Power Radio Station for Alaska WASHINGTON, Jan. 25.—Senator Jones of Washington has introduced a bill to establish a high power radio station on Unga island, Alaska. Will Not Revise Mining Laws The house committee on mines and mining has killed the bill passed by the senate which provided for the appointment of a commission to revise the mining laws. Special Tax for War Munitions Senator Robins of Arkansas has introduced a bill which proposes a tax of 2 cents per pound upon high explosives and 10 per cent ad valorem upon mpiemenls of war manufactured in this country. The tax is not to apply on materia! manufactured for use in the United States. To Take Half of Big incomes The income lax has been declared constitutional by the United States supreme court in a unanimous decision. Proposals are now pending in congress to tax incomes of more than a million dollars 50 per cent. Prohibition for District of Columbia WASHINGTON. Jan. 26.—Senator Jones of Washington will introduce a bill prohibiting the man ufacture and sale of intoxicants in the District of Columbia. It is expected to become law. Patriotic Altitude of Republican Leader Unqualified non-partisan support of the military preparedness program was urged by Minority Leader Mann in a ringing speech deliered in the house today. Tariff Commission Provided For WASHINGTON, Aug. 27.-—A bill has been intro duced in congress to provide for a tariff commis sion. According to the provisions of the bill, a board of seven is to be appointed by the President, whose duty it will be to investigate the cost of pro duction at home and abroad, and recommend tariff changes. For Nation-Wide Prohioition WASHINGTON, Jan. 27.—The sub-committee of the senate judiciary committee, to which was re ferred Senator Sheppard’s bill proposing a prohibi tion amendment to the federal constitution, and for submission of the same to the states, has reported recommending the bill for passage. For an Embargo on War Munitions An embargo on war munitions for a period of thirty days, in order to relieve the gram congestion throughout the country, is proposed in a resolution introduced in the house yesterday by Representa tive Sloan of Nebraska. Washington Congressman Assails Wilson WASHINGTON, Jan. 28.—Representative Hum phries of Washington assailed the Mexican policy of President Wilson in the house yesterday. If the na tion is too proud to fight, he said, it should not quarrel. Petitioners Want Embargo on Munitions A spirited debate was evoked in the senate yes terday on the proposal to place an embargo on war munitions. A test vote was narrowly averted. A petition in favor of an embargo, bearing a million names, precipitated the argument. -A CARRANZA SHOWS INTENTIONS BY EXECUTION OF MURDERERS EL PASO, Texas, Jan. 24.—Bernardo and Fred erico Durant, Mexican cattle thieves, were executed in the cemetery at Juarez today by the Carranza au thorities for the killing of American cowboys. Another Mexican Outrage BROWNSVILLE, Texas, Jan. 27.—Three Ameri can artillerymen and one cavalryman were drowned yesterday while attempting to rescue two privates who swain across the river and were captured by Mexicans. The attempted rescue was unsuccessful and the prisoners were carried into the intenor.