Newspaper Page Text
one dollar ter month" 1D1TAROIX ALASKA, SATURDAY MORNING. APRIL 22. 1916_ centst™oot DEATH OF VILLA IS REPORTED EL PASO, Texas, April 1 7.—The dead body of Pancho Villa, the bandit for whose capture the pres ent United States military expedition into Mexico was undertaken, was yesterday disinterred to establish its identity. It is now' in the possession of the Car ranza troops, according to a series of telegrams to Mexcan officials at Juarez. A condemned member of the bandit gang led the Carranza forces to the grave. Troops to Be Withdrawn WASHINGTON. April 1 7.—The American troops will be withdrawn from Mexico immediately if Villa be dead, as has been reported. There must, how ever, be positive identification before this step is taken. The Mexican embassy has received word from Consul Garcia, at El Paso, that Villa’s dead body will be taken to Chihuahua. Secretary of State Lansing has announced that he is prepared to treat with Carranza upon the proposal to withdraw the trocps. No immediate action is con templated, how'ever. President Wilson and Secretary of vvar Baker held a conference last Saturday which lasted until mid night. No official information with reference to the attack on the American troops at Parral had been re ceived at that time. Unofficial reports stated that the troops attacked were unarmed, and were entering the town to buy supplies. Forty Mexicans were killed. The first official news of the attack on the Ameri cans at Parral was received by the war department tonight from General Pershing. He says that the Carranza soldiers joined in the unprovoked assault. Two United States soldiers were killed and six were wounded. TORREON, April 21.—Colonel Brown has re ported here. He is arranging for the use of the rail roads to facilitate the withdrawal of troops. Pershing on the Defensive SAN ANTONIO. April 21.—Pending General Scott’s report, General Pershing has assumed a posi tion on the defensive. To Gain Accurate Information WASHINGTON, April 19.—General Scott, chief of the general staff of the army, has gone to San Antonio to get accurate information as to the situ ation in Mexico. Carranza Wants Expedition Limited MEXICO CITY, April 1 5.—The government will insist upon the withdrawal of the American expedi tion, or that its numbers be limited to a thousand cavalrymen. It is asserted that a large, slowly-mov ng column has proved to be a failure. Bandits Continue Active SAN ANTONIO, April 19.—General Funston is sending two thousand more men to General Per shing. The latter reports that a motor truck train carrying aeroplanes was attacked by bandits last Friday night. Villa Leader Quits COLUMBUS, April 19.—Truckmen returning from the front report that quiet prevails along the American line. Juilo Agosta, Villa s leader near Guerrero, has declared that he will no longer fight the Americans. He has been considered one of the most steadfast supporters of Herrera. He held a conference with General Pershing a few days ago. -» LOSS OF TREBIZOND SERIOUS BLOW TO TURKS PETROGRAD, April 19.—The Turks have lost Trebizond, the most strategic point on the Black sea, the route to Persia and Mesopotamia being thus sev ered. . Rumors of Peace for Turkey PETROGRAD, April 21.—The fall of Trebizond gives rise to reports that Turkey is approaching Russia with peace overtures. SENATE PASSES ARMY REORGANIZATION BILL WASHINGTON, April 19.—The senate yesterday passed the army reorganization bill. Under its terms the regular army, with the reserve military forces, Wo"'d consist of an aggregate of one million men. The measure is a substitute for the bill of Congress man Hay, which was passed by the house. The dif ferences between the two houses will be worked out .in conference. The conference comlttee of the senate and house Jias been unable to agree upon the sugar bill. FOOLHARDY STOWAWAY HELD GUILTY OF PIRACY WASHINGTON, April 10. Ernest Schil . ler today pleaded guilty to piracy and was I sentenced to life imprisonment. Schiller is | the man who stowed away aboard the : British steamship Matoppo, cn route from ; New York to Vladivostock with a cargo of i war material for the Russians. Shortly j after the vessel passed Sandy Hook he held , up the captain and crew, destroyed the j wireless apparatus, and forced the captain | to change the course of the vessel. He then locked the captain up in his room, ! and searched the ship’s papers and the safe. The Matoppo put into Delaware Breakwater and signaled for assistance, and later landed Schiller. —♦— DYESTUFFS TO BE IMPORTED BY CONSENT OF GERMANY WASHINGTON, April 21. Germany has agreed to permit the exportation to the United States of fifteen thousand tons of dyestuffs, the lack of which has seriously affected the American textile manufac turers. --♦— ONE OFFICER AT LEAST WHO DOESN’T KNOCK NAVY WASHINGTON, March 3. Before the naval committee of the senate. Admiral Fletcher today declared that the United States dreadnaughts lead the world in com plete efficiency. Nothing built equaled the practical efficiency of the United States type of later superdreadnaught in the esti mation of the admiral. NO CANDIDATE FOR DELEGATE Shackleford and Gilmore Will Rep resent Party at National Con vention at Chicago SEWARD, April 21—The Republican territorial convention, which met here on Wednesday last, adjourned without effect ing one of the obtects for which it was called--the nomination of a candidate for delegate to congress. Delegate Wickersham. who had been quite widely credited with a desire to secure the nomination by the Re publicans, failed to wire that he was a Republican and that he would abide by the platform to be adopted by the convention. L. P. Shackleford of Juneau and W. A. Gilmore of Nome were elected delegates to the national Republican convention, to be held at Chicago in June. Schofield was nominated for territorial attorney general. Murane was elected national committee man. The Third division delegates fought vali antly a losing tight against the action of the convention, especially on the question of adjournment without nominating a con gressional delegate, and also in the matter of the selection of the national committee man. Result of the Convention The above dispatch indicates that Dele gate Wickersham, as in former campaigns, will make a non-partisan campaign for the delegateship. There has been much doubt as to Judge Wickersham’s position recently, and the Cordova Times of March 11 con tains the following, which probably was the first authoritative expression on the sub ject by the delegate: “Harry Thisted, who is one of Wicker sham’s closest friends, recently sent him the following cablegram: ‘Reported you have | made combination with Shackleford. Local Republicans want to know. Such a combi ! nation is objectionable to your local sup | porters and Republicans.’ I “An emphatic denial was received by Mr. Thisted from Delegate Wickersham, as fol lows: ‘I have not and will not make any combination, politically or otherwise, with Shackleford or anyone else.' " COAST SEAMEN’S UNION WANTS SHARE IN PROSPERITY SEATTLE, April 19.- A demand for an increase in wages of $5 per month for all members of the crews of Alaska and coast wise vessels has been made on the steamship companies by the unions. They demand that an answer be given bv May 1. ♦ STARTLING INCREASE NOTED IN ALASKA COPPER OUTPUT WASHINGTON. April IE.- The copper output of Alaska for last year was four times greater than that of the previous, year. TO ARREST “HIGHER-UPS” NEW YORK, April 15. Federal officials here are expecting the arrest of “higher ups" in the fire and bomb plot cases. The exodus to the Tolstoi region has continued during the past week, and many outfits have been transported over the rough trails by dog teams and horses. The fall in tne lempeiature has helped mat ters considerably, for while there is practically no snow, loads can be dragged over the frozen ground with some degree of success. There is at present no attempt to transport extensive supplies, tne main object being to have on the ground sufficient to last until the opening of navigation. Should the present weather continue there is no doubt that numerous shafts will be bedrocked be fore the break-up occurs, and should the results be as are confidently anticipated, noltnng can prevent a stampede of great proportions when the steamboats begin to operate. The various creeks are all staked now, and there is very little reason for a continuation of the rush to the new discoveries. Nevertheless many from distant parts have arrived on the scene, according to recent arrivals. Many Rumors but Little in the Way of New Developments Because of the fact that practically all of the men who staked ground in the new district were com pelled to return to Iditarod, Ophir, Cripple and elsewhere for supplies with which to prosecute work, there has been little to report in the way of new developments. All evinced a desire to rush supplies to the scene prior to the break-up. Therefore there has been little new work as yet. From now on it may be expected that work will progress in all parts of the district. Rumors have been rife, as is usually the case in such instances, and lurid tales of new pay, pay on new creeks, etc., have been poured into the ears of willing listeners. Sifted down, however, these seem to have been largely the result of imaginative minds working overtime. It is frequently remarked by old-timers that as yet there is no excuse for excitement. So far the district has shown up well, but not sufficient work has been done to say authoritatively that a pay streak will be lined up. The indications are excellent; in fact it is universally agreed that no mining district discovered in recent years, not even the famous Fairbanks district, has shown up so well for the amount of work done. But it might be w’ell to warn the public, and especially those expecting to come from the Outside, that the future of the new camp is by no means assured. Extensive plans should not be entered into until work now being undertaken has progressed sufficiently to give an idea of the extent of the pay. The Townsite of Cooper Possibly a wrong mpression may have been conveyed by the report that W A. Vinal had staked a townsite at the junction of the Mastodon and the Tolstoi. It ap pears that Mr. Vinal, in company with some half dozen other men, was on the lookout for a likely place to locate a business center for the prospective mining district. By common consent it was decided that the point at the intersection of the two streams was the most logical site for a town. It was then agreed that the lots should be measured off, streets and alleys allowed for, and the possession of the various plots should be determined by lot. This was ac cordingly done, apparently to the satisfac tion of all concerned. It is said that the new townsite is an ideal one. The ground is gravelly, and :es on a gradual slooe from the river bank o the base of some high hills to the north. The location was determined by its situa tion with reference to a wholesome water supply, and also for its natural drainage, end because of the fact that it will be within a short distance of the Ditna, which is navigable to fairly large steamboats. A road of some three or four miles would connect it with that stream. It is known that townsites cannot be acquired except by actual residents or occnnsnts. The difficulties encountered by the first residents of Iditarod in their ef forts to secure title to lots will in all prob ability be avoided at the new town of Cooper, provided there should prove to be warrant for its existence, because of the fact that people are now more familiar with the law on the subject. The town of Cooper is named after the owner of Cooper’s roadhouse, which is lo cated a short distance from the site. How Pay Was Discovered on Boob Creek The story of how Jim Pitcher, the owner of discovery claim on Boob creek, staked his faith on the riches of that region, how he was unable to interest others in what he believed would bring handsome returns, and how finally he was enabled to carry on prospecting work there through the in tuitive belief in his judgment of a well known lady of Ophir, makes a rather in teresting recital, as told by returned stam peders from the Tolstoi district. It appears that some three years ago a Finn and his partner, whose names are not now recalled, had sunk a shaft on the upper part of Boob creek, just above where the Ophir-Dishkaket trail crosses. They had reported finding colors, but became discour aged and abandoned the claim. Jim Pitcher often passed this prospect, and became in quisitive as to what had been disclosed in j the shaft. So one day he cut down a tree and made a rude ladder, with which he entered the shaft. The result of his investi gations showed several cents to the pan, and as the gold was found to be quite well dis tributed on bedrock, Mr. Pitcher became | interested. He reported the result of his investigations at Ophir and endeavored to interest someone to the extent of forming a partnership with him for further pros pecting, as extensive work in that region would entail considerable expense. For a long time he was unsuccessful, but his en thusiasm finally impressed Mrs. W. A. Vinal. wife of the United States commissioner at Ophir, and a partnership was formed. Mr. Pitcher was enabled to take in an extensive outfit, and the result of work done on claims located farther down the creek than the original shaft of the Finn and his part ner was the uncovering of values which have been recited hereto'ore in these col umns. Mr. Pitcher’s work had been the object of much interest to the people of Ophir, and when he returned to camp he was closely questioned. He gave evasive an swers to all except those who were inter 1 ested with him, the intention being to keep , the find quiet until after the first of April, when additional claims could be located by them. In the meantime Andy Swartzdahi and partner, who had been sinking a shaft 01 Mastodon creek, also had found pay, and they likewise desired to keep the matter a secret until after the first of the month, and for the same reason, owarizaam, who is I said to be a eheechako, was in Ophir for the purpose of purchasing supplies on March 29, and the residents of the Innoko camp endeavored in every way to learn the re sult of his work on Mastodon. He w'as | extremely reticent until one of his ejues j tioners hazarded the statement that Jim j Pitcher had found pay running several dol lars to the foot on Boob creek. The ran dom shot had the desired effect. Swartz dahl dug out of his pocket a small vial containing coarse gold, and exclaimed: “Well, 1 guess Jim Pitcher isn’t the only one who’s struck it; we’ve got pay, too.” And then the story came out as related in The Pioneer of April 8. When he men tioned the fact that single pans had run as high as from 10 cents to 50 cents, the stampede germs had been planted. Quick as a flash the building was deserted, and in an incredibly short time outfits were hur riedly gotten together, dogs were hooked up, and the stampede was on. Before mid night almost every male inhabitant of Ophir, ami every dog team available, were on the way to the new Eldorado. Mushers over the Seward trail arriving at that city ■ m the morning of March 30 and for a few days thereafter were treated to the unique spectacle of a prosperous Interior Alaska mining town inhabited almost exclusively by women for the time being. The sequel to the story is one that em phasizes the uncertainties of the mining -reme. The Finn who had sunk the origi nal shaft on Boob creek which was the re mote cause of the great rush to the Tol stoi region and the staking of hundreds of claims on that and adjoining creeks, had been Outside. Tiring of Cheechako-land, he had determined to return to Alaska and prosecute further work on his claims on Boob creek. He walked in from Seward, and arrived at Boob creek after his 500 mile walk the day after the stampeders from Ophir arrived, only to find that his Haims, which 'of course were open to re location, had been staked by the stampeders. Had he been a day earlier he would have regained his claims. News Notes from the New District Tom Muckle, a well-known old-timer of the Innoko district, is preparing to do ex tensive work on Madison creek, which also is a tributary of the Tolstoi' and where good prospects have been known to exist for several years. He will take in a boiler from Cripple Mr. Muckle will erect a home for his family at the new town of Cooper, and will have it in readiness for occupany when they arrive from the Outside soon. Jim Pitcher, the owner of discovery, on Boob, has sold his restaurant outnt at Upbir to Bulger & Griger, who have moved it to Cooper and will start a restaurant there. Jim Pitcher already has moved his fam ily to Cooper. Carl Carlson and John Vogtor have com menced to sink a shaft on the first tier bench off the Emmet Fraction, upon which good pay was found. Teddy Cassidy and Arthur Eaton have a lay on No. 5 beolw, on Boob. They are taking in a big outfit. Iditarod people have been taking advan tage of the cool nights to move consider able freight to the new district. J. E. Beattie and 'W. E. Duffy left on Tuesday last with a big string of dogs and nearly a thousand pounds. There are in the neighborhood of a dozen prospecting boilers already at the scene of operations on Boob and Mastodon creeks, or on the way. Jack Lovett left with a big outfit on Tuesday night, including a boiler. He had four borsos, WASHINGTON, April 19.—President Wilson to day sent a note to Berlin and then appeared before congress, assembled in joint session, and delivered an address. The President asked no action of con gress, but simply told of the gravity of the situation. The President spent the entire day yesterday in pre paring the note for transmission to Germany, com pleting the cases set forth by the United States. The documents sum up all the charges alleging illegal attacks on merchant vessels, and is an emphatic dec laration of the position of the United States. The note is considered to be the last word in the contro versy. It had been reported that the President and his abinet had reaffirmed the intention of bringing the situation with Germany to an issue, and that the note would give notice of the severance of diplo matic relations. It has been rumored for several days that the rela tions between Germany and the United States were almost at the breaking point, and the ultimate sever ance of diplomatic relations is expected by most of the members of congress. Bernstorff Working for Peace WASHINGTON, April 21.—German Ambassador Bernstorff is working for a modification of the Ger man submarine policy. He has suggested to Berlin that it issue a new declaration applying to all sub mraine operations. Mexicans Are Interested MEXICO CITY. April 21.—Herr Von Eckhardt, the German minister here, held two long conferences today with General Carranza, head of the de facto government. The Mexicans are keeping in close touch with the German-American situation. Reply from French and British LONDON, April 19.—Tire reply of the British and French governments to the American note concern ing interference with maritime commerce by the entente allies has been cabled to Washington. Claim to Have Complied in Substance WASHINGTON, April 21.—The joint note of Great Britain and France in reply to the American protest against interference with neutral trade does not attempt to dispute the principles contended for. but insists that the allies have complied in substance with international law. Swiss Newspapers as Prophets GENEVA, April 21 .—The opinion of the Swiss newspapers is that there will be no rupture between Germany and the United States. Germany is ex pected to yield the points in controversy. English Comment Withheld LONDON, April 2 1.—The American note on the submarine controversy was handed to the foreign office at Berlin last nght. It will be made public today. Coment is being withheld. -♦ HOSTILITIES HAVE BEEN RESUMED AT VERDUN BERLIN, April 19.-—A new drive for Verdun has been begun, after a six days’ rest. The French ad mit the loss of a small salient west of Douamont. The war office denies that the French have made gains at Verdun. PARIS, April 16.—The French have assumed the offensive east of the Meuse, and claim the capture of trenches south of Douamont. LONDON, April 21.—The Germans are withdraw ing large forces from their Russian and Serbian fronts to reinforce the attack on Verdun. LONDON, April 15.—The defeat of the Turkish troops in Mesopotamia has been officially announced. It is thought that the relief of the beleaguered Brit ish force is nearer now than for months. BERLIN, April 16.—The Turkish government ad mits the sinking of the Russian hospital ship, but as serts it was being used as a transport. LONDON, April 19.—The neutrality of Spain is unstable, and is governed by political considerations from day to day. CONSTANTINOPLE, April 17.—Hostile aero planes ascending off the Dardanelles have dropped bombs over this city. LONDON, April 1 7.-—One neutral and one British ship have been sunk. Four mail-carrying steamships have been taken to Kirkwall, where the mail matter will be censored. LONDON, April 21.—Two more British steam ships have been sunk by submarines.