Arizona Copper Camp
On Wednesday night, December 22,
H. Gordon Glore, grand master of
Masonic lodges in Arizona, Amos A.
Betts, grand lecturer, Judge O. J.
Baughn, senior warden, were here
at Ray to institute the Masonic lodge
as well as install the first officers
of the same, who were-r-E. W. Row
lett, W. P. master; W. S. Osborn,
senior warden; R. A. Cook, junior
■warden; S. G. Dolman, secretary; O.
L. Hubbard, chaplain; A. P.Mcln
tyre, senior deacon; E. A. Thornton,
junior deacon; Leo Wall, senior
steward; Peter E. Wachob, junior
steward; Walter Pine, tyler; E. A.
Cowan, grand marshal; T. P. Hall,
After the installation of officers all
adjourned to the Guild hall, where
a cafeteria lunch was served. Some
very interesting speeches were made.
There were visitors from Florence,
Winkelman, Superior and Phoenix.
Superior was well represented, as
they win come under the jurisdic
tion of the Ray lodge.
MAKES VISIT TO M.E.
The Methodist church held their
Christmas entertainment and pro
gram oh Wednesday evening. A
large crow’d was present and the
large Christmas tree was enjoyed.
Santa Claus, impersonated by Ken-1
neth Jacobs, distributed the good
things to eat and the youngsters
were really glad Christmas time had
arrived. The main part of the eve
ning, consisting of an excellent pro
gram" was carried out and was very
FLORENCE GIRL AT
Miss Mary Eastland of Florence
became the bride of Mr. Louis Eu
gene Diehl on Friday, December 24th,
the wedding taking place at 1118 G
street, Douglas. After the wedding
a reception was held, and the young
couple proceeded on their honey
moon. They expect to return to
Florence, where they will be at home
to their friends after January Ist.
Mrs. Diehl is the daughter of Mr.
N. B. Eastland, and is one of the
most charming of Florence’s younger
Their many friends in Florence,
Ray and neighboring towms join with
the Copper Camp in extending to
Mr. and Mrs. Diehl wishes for a
most happy and successful wfedded
MAY SAVE LIFE
IN BUSY STREET
Traffic laws require that automo
biles shall drive on the right-hand
side. Therefore when you cross the
street glance to your left, when you
reach the middle of the street, turn
your head and eyes to the right.
The past# year 3,808 persons were
killed in the United States by auto
mobiles. You can prevent such acci
dents by making it a habit to glance
to the left when you start across the
street, then glance to the right when
you approach the middle of the
MAKE IT A HABIT.
OF FINGERS WHEN
CAPS ARE EXPLODER
Master Edward O’Malley, son of
Mrs. Irene O’Malley, suffered the loss
of a portion of several fingers Monday
1 night while playing with some caps,
t The little fellow was resting easier at
last reports and was getting along as
well as could be expected. This is
one of the most unfortunate accidents
in Ray for many months and it is cer
tainly to be regretted that the little
fellow will be deprived the use of his
AT CLUB HOUSE
The usual Christmas tree for the
children of Ray will be the scene
of much enjoyment and good things
Christmas afternoon at the club
house All preparations have been
completed whereby Santa Claus pays
his usual visit and the ladies of
Ray who have so tirelessly worked
for the success cf the affau- are de
serving of the gratitude or all the
residents of the camp and are tq be
LEGION HOP IS
The American Legion held their
Christmas dance Tuesday night and
it was well attended. The Superior
orchestra came over and furnished
the music and it proved to be first
class. All had a most enjoyable
SLOW DOWN OVER THE
Things are very quiet around the
school and the teachers’ cottages and
dormitory this week.
Miss Carroll, music teacher of No.
1 cottage is spending her vacation
in Phoenix; Miss Whitney went to
Misses Jackson, Kelley, Wescott
and McDonald of No. 2 cottage went
to the coast.-
In No. 3 cottage the Buzan sisters
went to Mammoth, I*i;ss Houston to
Globe and Miss Smith to the coast.
From the dormitory Miss Fritsch
went to the coast, Misses King and
Gilbert, Miss Heilig to El Paso, Miss
Hildebrandt to Tucson, Miss Burns to
Speer to Phoenix and Miss Jones
Some of the teachers will attend
the State Teachers’ association at
Phoenix, December 28-29-30.
Superintendent and Mrs. Oakes will
spend the week in Phoenix. A very
interesting part of the association
meeting to Superintendent Oakes will
be the superintendent’s conference
which already has a committee at
work framing some necessary school
legislation that the school people
wish to have taken up at the com
ing session of the Arizona legisla
TO ARIZONA IN
NEAR EAST WORK
Many inquiries have come to- the
Arizona office of the Near East Relief
for information regarding the orphans
that are allotted to Arizona. There
are some who would like to be as
signed a definite orphan to care for,
to know his or her name, address, etc.
It has been found by the officials of
the Near East that this is not prac
tical, however; the children are con
stantly changing as homes are found
for them and families or remnants of
families are reunited.
There is a special territory allotted
to Arizona, however, the district of
Mardin, and here the Near East, by
means of Arizona’s contributions,
maintains hospitals and orphanages!
and cares for several thousand chil
The problem of the refugee as well
as the orphan is assuming serious
proportions at this time, due to the
deportations and massacres by t>> o
Turks. In a statement from Brousa,
Bishop Sumpat explains the situation
in some detail.
“Refugees have brought us again to
sheer tragedy, fifteen hundred* of
them have arrived from beyond the
Greek lines, many of them without
bedding, and with only the clothes
they are wearing. One family had no
underclothes because it was washday
when the exile began. One girl, when
asked what she had brought answered
‘only my soul.’
“The ration of bread from the
Greek army is about to cease, leaving
a most critical problem and no money
on hand to solve it. We have given
550 blankets to persons found sleep
ing on boards, and have distributed
200 arshins of cotton, 300 of flannel,
and 500 garments. We are giving a
can of American evaporated milk
weekly for each of the 80 refugee
babies, one of whom was born on the
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®n this the happirst hay of lit? whole j j
= _ year, tljr (Copper (Camp extends j j
| j the Reason’s (greetings qnh mishes non j j
f | and tlmse rnhose happiness is yours, a j |
I j full measure of (Christmas 3log. 11
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SOME WAYS OF
The celebrating of Christmas ex
tends back two thousand years. It
began with the Aryans, who set days
apart for commemorating the “re
birth of the Sun.” Later, when mes
sengers brought tidings of a new re
ligion, they changed their celebrations*
in honor of the “re-birth of the Son.”
Before the World War, Germany
observed the Christmas season per
haps more than any other European
nation. In all public squares of cities
and villages evergreen trees were
placed. The Lutherans credit Martin
Luther with introducing the Christ
mas tree into Germany. Their fes
tivities begin on St. Nicholas Day, De
cember 6th. When Lorraine was a
part of Germany, the Yule log was
burned through three days’ festivities.
In the German Alps, the natives be
lieve that all cattle are able to speak
on Christmas Day.
Christmas does not mean much to
the Laplanders. In this land of the
midnight sun, decorative evergreens
and Christmas trees are unknown,
nor are there any chimneys in their
low earthen houses for Santa Claus to
descend. But for the ringing of
church bells, the day is not unlike the
*other 364. In Norway, however, the
people have a jolly time around the
Christmas tree. At the Christmas'
dinner, each guest rises and gives his
individual thanks for the meal. There
is an unlimited supply of beer and
wine, almonds and spice. Christmas
“mush” takes the place of the Ameri
can pumpkin or mine pice (a rice,
boiled with cinnamon, sugar and al
monds). To them the fish is as the
turkey is to Americans. No mistletoe
is used for decoration, it being re
garded: as an emblem of mourning;
only the rich use flowers. Denmark
“hangs the goose high.” Everyone at
Christmas time, including the cattle,
receives the best there is to eat.
Those people who possess fruit trees,
go out at midnight and strike each
tree three times, saying, “Rejoice, oh
tree; rejoice and be fruitful.” Here
it is also a tradition that the cattle
are able to rise on their knees Christ
The Russians once observed the
season in honor of the renewal of the
sun’s power, after the annual period
of darkness. With them, the sun was
supposed to be a female, and when
the day began to lengthen she was
supposed to enter her sledge, dressed
in her best robes, and guide her
horses summerward. The singing of
the Kolyada songs has long been a
Christmas custom. On Christmas eve
it was customary for the people to
fast until the first church service.
When guests accept invitations to
dinner, they usually bring along sweet
meats, cakes, and a gift for each
servant. Always the house receives a
; blessing. "Merry Christmas” are un
i familiar words in Russia; instead It
is “Greetings for the Lord’3 birth.”
S France observes the Christmas sea
| son least of all foreign nations. Yule
- tide logins on St.. Barbar’s day, De
j cember 4th. In the rural sections, on
1 this day it is customary to plant grain
j in little dishes so that this Saint can
| inform the peasantry what crops to
! expect the coming year. If the grain
j comes up and flourishes by Christmas
day, there will be abundant crops.
There is no “Merry Christmas” in
France. The singing of carols by
j road to Brousa. One little girl ar
! rived without her parents, who had
been turned back, and was fortunate
j in finding ‘The Americans,’ for no one
else claimed her.
j “The Near East needs money to
meet this refugee problem. At pres
j ent every available fund is assigned
for special work, and we are handi
capped for lack of funds. However,
our workers are doing everything in
„"d[eq 0} J9Atod Jiaq?
RAY, ARIZONA, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 25, 1920.
children is one of the features, and
the word “Njvel” is most frequently
heard in those songs, which have been
sung for centuries. Christmas trees
are not popular; instead, the children
place their shoes on the hearth to be
filled with gifts on Christmas eve. In
Paris the commercial spirit prevails;
shops spread their enticing wares far
out upon the boulevards. But “Noel”
(meaning “good news”) is heard
In Italy, the season begins with
“Novena,” eight days before Christ
mas. In the Italian Alps shepherds
go from house to house and inquire if
Christmas is to be observed there. If
it is, the place is marked and later
they bring their bagpipes and play
and sing before that house. A cus
tom of burning the “Ceppo” or Yule
log is observed in that portion of Italy
where it is cold enough to have
hearths. The “Presepio,” a miniature
representation of the birthplace of
Christ, is conspicuous in this celebra
tion; candles are placed before it and
songs sun. At St. Peter’s in Rome, on
Holy Night, the Pope sits in a crimson
chair, borne aloft on the shoulders of
four men clothed in violet. Two huge
fans of swan feathers, set with pea
cock eyes, are placed before him to
signify the purity and watchfulness
of the church functionaries.
In Spain there is neither mistletoe,
holly or even the joyful Christmas
tree. The season, however, outside
the church, is observed with much
revelry. There is no exchange of
gifts. Here one hears the expression,
“Noche Buena,” instead of “Merry
Christmas.” Turkeys, as well as
flowers and fruits, crowd the streets,
almost begging for purchasers. In
some places there is shown the “Sac
red Urn,” from which are drawn the
names of future lovers or friends.
The names so drawn are regarded as
the messages of Fate. Yuletide fes
tivities end on the twelfth day—Epi
Christmas in America was first ob
served by Christopher Columbus and
his valiant crew. For food they had
shrimps (fresh) and cassavi. Around
Jamestown, Va.. in the early years of
1600, the day was celebrated by raids
on Indians, until in 1619, when 90
young women from England arrived
at Jamestown with a 1 ship load of
negroes to help with the work, men
and manners grew more civilized.
Every house soon became noted for
its hospitality at Christmas time.
The south celebrated more lavishly
than their northern enighbors, the
Massachusetts colony believing that
the birth of Christ was “too sacred to
be celebrated by the fallen race."
Twenty-two years after the landing of
the Mayflower it was unlawful to
have a “merry” Christmas. Governor
Andros was the first one to hold
services in the “town hall,” and when
he did so was obliged to surround
himself with soldiers for protection.
The Dutch in New York followed
much the German custom of observ
ing St. Nicholas day. In Porto Rico,
children, beautifully dressed, form an
impressive procession each year, and
since the United States flag has
floated there, Christmas trees have
grown in favor. In Hawaii, New Eng
land customs prevail. The Philippines
are not lagging; even beggars expect
a Christmas gift, and they solicit them
along the streets in perfectly good
English.—The Octagon, December,
What’s become of the old-fashioned
editorial writer who used to write a
coupla o’ columns about the league
of nations every day?
“True womanhood will shine,”
writes a poetess. Not if the powder
puff can prevent it!
Marshal Foch says he hopes to visit
the United States. The hope is en
DR. COCKS TO
Christmas services will be held at
the Episcopal church Sunday evening,
December 26th. Rev. Bertrand Cocks
will officiate and there will be special
music. nAU are invited.
Attorney C. H. Studley Jr., of Hay
den, was a Florence visitor on legal
business this week.
C. L. Wolf, deputy under Sheriff
Hall, announces that on the first of
the year he ‘will leave for his former
home in Idaho. -
County Clerk Minnie M. Bennett
and her husband, J. D. Bennett, and
Leslie Bennett left Tuesday for El
Paso to spend the holidays with
Mr. Bennett’s parents.
County Recorder Mary A. McGee
was on the sick list last week, but
is able to be back to her office.
Harris Branaman spent Wednesday
in Phoenix attending to business.
C. M. Pomeroy and family of Mesa
are spending the holidays with Mrs.
Pomeroy’s parents, Professor and
Mrs. H. Q. Robertson.
N. M. Lopez of Superior was a
business visitor in town this week.
J. W. Rollins of Phoenix, who has
large mining interests in this coun
ty, was a business visitor this week.
J. B. Fondren of Price was in town
on business Monday.
Supervisor C. F. Schilling is re
ported to be improving slowly. Mr.
Schilling has been confined to the
county hospital here fcfr the past 10
days with an acute attack of appen
Supervisors Kellner and Davis were
in town Saturday and met in special
session concerning the road bond
matters. It is expected that all
difficulties will be straightened out
in a few days when representatives
of Causey-Foster and company of
Denver, the bond buyers, arrive. They
are expected about January Ist.
Nelson R. Bolin and family of
Rfeedy, Calif., are here to spend the
holidays with Mrs. Bolins parents,
Mr. and Mrs. C. G. Powell.
♦. ■ , .
Representative-elect George Newton
Hall of Casa Grande was in town
Monday and interviewed all the
county officials as to any beneficial
legislation they might suggest for
the coming legislature.
W. S. Moore, prominent mining
man of Parker, Arizona, was looking
after his mining interests in this
county last week.
Mr. and Mrs. Powell made a shop
ping tour to Phoenix Wednesday.
E. R. Byers was a Phoenix visitor
Mayor J. G. Keating left Tuesday
for the annual meeting of the Bank
head National Highway association,
which will meet in Birmingham, Ala
bama. Mr. Keating is one of Pinal
county’s most enthusiastic highway
STARVING LITTLE ONES OF EUROPE
LOOK TO AMERICA FOR AID; PINAL
COUNTY ASKED JO RESPOND TO CALL
With State And County Organizations Perfected, Cam
paign To Save Lives Os Perishing Children Is
Opened; W. S. Boyd Is Local Chairman Os Hoover’s
The call has come to Christian
America to help save the starving
children of eastern and central
Have you subscribed yet?
Is your name on the subscription
Actual warfare, internal strife,
crop failure, valueless money, disease,
pestilence, typhus—all have combined
to produce a condition of misery in
Poland, Austria, southwest Russia and
the Balkan states that is unparalleled
Three and a half millions of chil
dren must look to America to provide
for them the one simple meal per day
—just enough to keep the spark of life
aflame in their under-nourished little
The people of these countries are
doing all that is humanly possible to
save them, and yet in spite of all they
can do, and in spite of America’s aid,
the situation is such that many thou
sands of them will die this winter, in
fact hundreds of thousands. They
are passing on by the score with every
tick of the watch. '
America must act quickly.
Give! Give to the utmost!
Mr. Norman Carmichael has been
appointed state chairman by Herbert
Hoover, who is general chairman of
the eight associated organizations who
are trying to save these children. Mr.
Carmichael has asked Judge Baughn
to act as county chairman, and he in
turn is calling for volunteers to assist
in raising Pinal ebunty’s share before
boosters, vice-president of the Bank
head National Highway association
and chairman of the Pinal county
Gordon Glore of Nogales, grand
master of the A. F. & A. M. for
Arizona, paid the Florence lodge his
official visit on Monday night. A
banquet was given in Mr. Glore’s
honor at fte Florence hotel, after
which he was entertained at a stated
meeting of the local lodge.
John Sweeney has been employed
to assist in the clerk of the board
of supervisors office in the absence
of F. A. Richards, who is acting as
clerk of the superior court during
the absence of the clerk, Minnie M.
Dr. G. F. Huffman attended a
Masonic meeting in Tucson Wednes
The following were among the Ray
people attending court in town this
week: Deputy Sheriff Haywood, R.
A.. O. Montgomery, E. T. Green and
M. N. Brown.
A jury in the superior court award
ed V. R. Lopez of Sonora title to
certain mining property in the Pio
neer mining district v.nlch Charles
H. Smith was contesting. The jury
in the case of C. W. Luke vs. Fred
Thor failed to reach a verdict and
Lawrence E. Vinzant vs. Mary E.
Vinzant. A. C. Bittick vs. C. T.
and C. D. Bradley.
Alex R. Wolven, 33, and Mercedes
Lopez, 20, Florence.
Sabino Sauesedo, 32, Calletana Mi*
jaus, 30, Sonora.
Monifca Davila, 24, vnd Rita Nor
iega, 16, Sonora.
George Edwaro Ropers, 23. and
Gertrude Armstrong, 18, Tucson.
A very enjoyable musical pro
gram was held at the home of Mrs.
Carl Smith on Boyd Heights on Wed
nesday afternoon. Owing to the fact
that the Copper Camp went to press
a day early this week, we were un
able to print the entire program, but
it will be published next week.
Boston has policewomen whose
duty it is to patrol Boston Commons.
The eight bodies associated .. this
drive are the American Rehui. Ad
ministration, the Quaker Relief Com
mittee, th% Red Cross, the Federated
Churches of Christ, the Knights of
Columbus, the Y. M. C. A. and Y. W.
C. A. and the Jewish Relief Com
The work of the Europe Relief
Council of the eight combined or
ganizations, headed by Mr. Hoover,
should not be confused with the Near
East Relief. The Near East Relief is
confining its activities to attempting
to save 110,000 orphans in Armenia
and adjacent countries in*Asia. The
Europe Relief Council is working
wholly in eastern and central Europe.
No greater call to humane America
has ever come than this. We must
all give something. Let no Ray name
be missing from the list of donors.
Mr. W. S. Boyd, as local chairman,
has charge of the drive in Ray. Our
quota is about SI,OOO. 4 We can raise
it easily, if we will. The good name
'of Christian civilization is at stake.
Starving little tots, knowing nothing
of the "why” of it all—only knowing
they have no food to check tL . con
stant gnawing of their little stomachs,
look to America to save them. The
winter is cold and long, while the
under-fed condition of their little
bodies gives disease a chance to make
great inroads into their waning num
Knowing no other spirit than sac
rifice, let us spend a portion of our
Christmas money in this manner.
Nothing can give us more satisfaction,
nor do more good.
, PAY HIGH FOR
TOE RED METAL
Depreciated Mark Forces Price Equi
valent Skyward—Offset by
Boston, Dec. 24.—Germany, former
ly this country’s best customer for
copper, but for four years shut off
completely from American supplies,
has this year resumed purchases. On
the basis of exports from the United
States thus far reported, total ship
ments to that country for 1920 will
be something below 100,000,000
pounds, although in times past there
has been consigned to German con
sumers in a single year several times
It costs the German manufacturers
today almost twenty times & ich
I for their American copper a; .nder
I normal conditions of exchange. Cheap
labor costs in Germany and the fact
that relatively high prices in world
markets for finished commodities can
be obtained, have offset high raw ma
terial costs sufficiently to permit a
profit on goods made in Germany and
shipped out again.
Germans buying copper in this
country have been paying for it in
American dollars, the price represent
ing quotations at our seaboard. Addi
tional charges of freight and insur
ance accrue to the purchasers. Re
ceiving payment in American money
the producers have no knowledge of
the cost in dollars to the foreign con
sumers whose bankers have bought
with marks in the open exchange mar
ket at best possible rates.
Against an unskilled labor cost of
50 cents an hour in the United States,
• Germany has a labor cost of between
5 and 6 cents an hour. Competition in
manufacture between that country
and the rest of the world is inevit
Profitable operations for German
factories have been conducted through
the importation of copper and other
raw materials into Germany and the
reshipment of finished goods.
Buying on’ a depreciated mark value
its raw material and reselling finished
articles to the outside world at a big
premium in exchange, Germany with
cheap labor has been keeping its in
dustrial wheels turning. When it
comes to buying foreign raw products
for German use the cost comes high
in the depreciated German currency.
We used to wonder what became
of all the ouija boards till we saw
the latest quotations on coal.
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