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Mesa free press. [volume] (Mesa, Ariz.) 1892-1901, July 13, 1893, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn95060636/1893-07-13/ed-1/seq-1/

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VOL. 1.
■ ii . ■■
Wholesale and Retail
■**. ' ' v
B. F. Johnson, Sons & Co,
0-©aa.axa-X d.lse.
»>«■<■■■! can a 1 ;Ofuc&»-
f*Mrc, ...... Arizona
Mm »t Helnwnan 4 QiU Mlack. Otto# Hours
-4(fiIa.H.,SU4 and 7 to 8 p. ».
Orrici —Over Zenos Co-Op Store.
Mesa City, A. T.
All Work W&rrftHfceflTand price* very
OfTC« —Porter Block.
Phoenix, Arizona.
—1 .—•- * ■ L.T.—- ' ' '*"■ ■
Permanently located in Mesa
Office—Macdenald Street, Oppos te
Livery Stable.
MESA, * Arizona.
Special attention Riven to land,
Water and mining ease*,
Practice in all the courts,
All work ftiarant*«4 and prises reasonable.
L.twaa Noe. 1 add t, Porte Building.
Phoenix. Arieona.
Am, Twrrau., E. M„ Mining Engineer and
Aims L Tumu, C* L„ Civil Engineer and
Deputy County Surveyor,
po a)l kinds of
Architectural, Mining
and Giuil Engineering.
Goo tracts taken for buildings and es
timate* furnished for a 1 ! work. Hy
draulic and Canal work a specialty.
Omn, Pomeroy Blank MESA CITY.
1 f. ARTHUR,
tad tetafa,
Country produce taken and
highest market price allowed.
ts »in aal Maokoaald Street*, MESA
Mesa Free Press.
Notary Public & Conveyancer.
Legal papers Carefully Drawn. Opposite
Hakes House.
Graduate of Hahnnman Medical College, Phila
delphia. Class 1882.
Office and Residence Rooms li, 13 and 16.
Cotton Block, Phosnix. Office Honrs—/ to 9 a
in., 1 to S and 6 to 8 p. m.
fjl H. SABIN, M. D.
Office — Two Doors East of Postoffice
Residence—Robson Street, First Door
South of Main.
Mesa - - Arizona
jF H. L6NGM(STIE,~ ~ I
Mum Street, Mesa, Ariz.
Three doors east of postoffi
Omen Horne -B a. ui to 5 . m.
Estimates Furnished on Short
MESA, - - - Ariz
| Treats all private and chronic
diseases and deformities with suc
-1 cess, where cure is possible, also all
diseases peculiar to the female sex,
having bad exclusive experience in
- the treatment of
; Female and Chronic Diseases,
lie has a Special Treatment for all
those life-destroying and painful
) diseases, and can effect a cure in all
curable o-nes.
Boot and Shoe Maker
Repairing a Specialty.
k done* Bros' Winery Meta
->• <
The Finest Line Ever Opened in
Mesa can be Seen in Our
Dry Goods Dep’t,
Which contains new, neat and
fashionable dress goods, flannels,
ladies’ and gents’ furnishing goods
and everything usually found in a
well furnished establishment.
Our Hardware and Grocery Dep’ts
are stocked with the choic
est goods.
We are Agents for tlae
Celebrated Myers Pumps, the
Fa mo U 8 Ftatherbone Buggy
Whips and the
Unexcelled Canton Clipper
Our lines are of the best and our
prices as low as the lowest. Special
orders given prompt attention.
Will make the season, beginning
March 10th and ending July 1 Oth,
at Mesa City.
TERMS: Single service $lO cash;
season service, sls, note for which
required at beginning of servicp,
payable at close of season, July 10.
Usual return prfvileges.
S, Land Office, Tucson, Arizona, June 28,1893
Complaint having been entered at this offi
by William H Co le against George D Spooner sos
failure to comply with the law as to Desert
Laud entry No 1643 dated May 12th 7890 upou
the whole of Section 28 Township 2 S Range 6
E. in Maricopa county Arizona wi h a view to
the caneeliatiou of said entry. Contestant alleg
ing that Contestee did not reclaim said tract by
conducting water thereon duri? g the statutory
period, endiug May 12, 1893, and has not taken
any steps toward the reclamation of said land,
or giving any notice of intention to take advan
tage of the act of March 3rd 1891. But has wholly
abandoned said tract.
The Contestant having fll«d affidavit in this
office May 13th 1893 setting forth the fact that
aftcruslng due dilligencn he is unable to get
personal service upou the contestee and asks
that service may be had by publication in the
Mesa Face Press paper published at Mesa Ari
zona. The same is hereby granted, and the said
Parties ere hereby summoned tc appear at the
office es the Clerk of the District Court Phoenix
Arizona on the" 29, day of August 1893 at 10
o’clock a. m., to respond and furnish testimony
concerning said alleged failure. 1
Hearing before Register and Receiver U 8
Land Office, Tucson. Arizona en the 6th day of
September 1893 at 2 o’clock p. m.
Nottce for Publication.
Land Office at Tucson Arizona
June 27,1893.
Notice is hereby given that the following
named settler has filed notice of his intention to
make final proof In support of his claim and that
said proof will he made before the Clerk of the
. District Court at Phoenix Arizona on Friday
August 4th, 1893, viz Alexander N. Forsyth of
Mesa Arizona for the SEA of See 80 T 1 N R 6 E.
He names the following witnesses to prove his
► cout nuous residence upon and cultivation of
said land, viz: John L Andetson, George An
derson, James R Wilson and William Irwin all
of Mes* Arizona
Beside the Sea.
All the sunbeams of the sky seem
On the sparkling tropic sea.
And the great waves ceaseless moan
and thunder,
In their solemn majesty.
But across the sky, like birds quick
Shadows fall upon the waves,
As if golden sunbeams dance too gaily
Over sailors’ lonely graves.
Thus across the brightness ot life’s
Sorrow comes, alas! to all,
As upon the Bparkling tropic ocean
Dreary, dusky shadows fall.
Almond Cttltnre,
Dr. L. C. Toney of this cityi
contributes the following excellent
article upon the above subject, to
the Arizona Magazine:
Southern Arizona is the home of
the almond. Three years study
have convinced me that in the
cultivation of this variety of nut
are excellent opportunities of mak
ing money.
Two years ago upon our place in
Mesa, we tested some almonds aud
found that seven-year old trees
produced twenty pounds to the
tree and that a large commission
house in Chicago quoted twelve and
one-half conts per pound for them.
This is $339 an acre, as we have
planted 134 trees to the acre in «
our twenty acre orchard. Having
also sent samples of the nuts to 1
New York and Boston, shown some i
to one of the leading almond i
growers of California, who has <
fifteen hundred acres under cul- i
tivation, and to others, we feel >
competent to say that Arizona can
and do!‘S produce as fine a nut as i
my other state or territory. .
If three liundn d dollars an acre
can be made, I shall be satisfied.
Drought must be carefully guarded (
against, O.ie tree near Mesa had
but a small supply of water and yet 1
produced twenty pounds, and these
same nuts were then quoted at
fourteen cents per pound in Chi (
cago, and eighteen cents in New
York. Ail who have watched
almond culture in this territory,
where it has been tested twelve
years, agree that the almond re- i
quires very little water, which
is a great advantage in a country
where canals will break or go dry
at times, and if in a country where
the rain falls, it does not fall or
distribute properly at all times and
Ability to reach a good market
is by far the point of greatest im
portance to consider. As most
fruits may be raised in every state,
I mention the limited area of pro
duction, both in the United States
and Europe, to give reasons why
the market is good and is likely to
remain so, Parcs of California,
Oregon, Arizona and Texas are the
only places in the United States
which produce the almond to any
appreciable extent. As for Ari
zona, it is only in our rich valleys
that it can be raised, With this
limited area and a duty of five
cents per pound on what little
comes from the Eqropean countries,
when we think of the rapid in
crease of the population, we can
not fail to believe that the market
for the almond will be good for
many years to come. When in St.
Louis, Kansas City, Omaha, San
Francisco, Denver, and other cities,
I saw and conversed freely with
many nut and fruit dealers, all of
i whom agreed unanimously that the
almond can not be over produced,
i After corresponding with the most
prominent dealers in Chicago, New
te/York and Boston aud receiving
similar replies, I become fully per
suaded of this most essential con
sideration, previous to planting an
like fact that almond culture is
attended by a light expenditure of
mental and physical 1 ibor has al
ways been a powerful argument in
its saver with the writer, who has
always had a weakness for the least
burdensome end of the log. Prun
ing being obviated, a part of skill
ed labor is saved, which can never
apply to the orange, lemon, prune
or apricot. Os course, shaping and
cutting out of interfering branches
is not pruning. Cutting and dry
ing is sated, much labor in irrigat
ing, and the ripe nuts can be
handled more like corn th in any
fruit. In Southern Arizona, when
labor is an object, this is no unim
portant factor. All labor in win
ter, as on orange trees, in wrapping
is avoided in growing the almond.
Tree climbing is obviated, as the
nuts are shaken off and caught in
canvas or cloths and then hauled to
a shed or packed in a storing room.
One reason why the ulraond will
not be overproduced is because,
were all the land that can produce
them planted with almonds the mar
ket would not be glutted. Only about
one-tenth of one per cent, of those
who are told the truth believe it
and hence where many read this
article, they will throw it down
and call it a real estate bait. lam
only giving what 1 have learned to
apply in my own orchard of twenty
acres of almonds. Another reason
is the constantly growing demand
in all cities for salted almond.
There is a class of people who op
pose meat eating who favor almonds.
The almond is used by confection
ers, doctors and as a table relish.
The greater consumption
is by con Confectioners. It
is second to none in flavor as a nut
meat. So limited is the production
of the almond, that in Holland, it
has become necessary to manufac
ture an artificial almond to supply
the great demand for them. All
the fruit dealers say that the sup
ply is far less than the demand.
No protection is ever necessary
to keep them from frojt, as my
twelve years in Arizona proves.
Only two failures from frost being
the record of that time. Almond
trees cost me from eight to fifteen
cents apiece and orange trees sl.
Seedling trees, June buds, dormant
buds and even nuts are planted.
The best almond raiser 3 in Califor
nia, howeetr, told me the June bud
far exceeds any other, making a
more vigorous growth and involv
ing a smaller freight bill. Ihe
planter moreover loses fewer than
he does when he plants yearlings.
The tap root of the yearling can
never be made to resist the same
hardships that the many rootlets of
the June bud cau. The tap root of
the yearling must be cut, and am
putation of any large trunk causes
a far greater mortality than of any
number of smaller ones. The or
ange, lemon, lime and many other
frnits require much fertillization,
but Prof. Wickaon on “California
Fruits” says, ‘ the almond, fie and
gjapes require lighter soil than the
I can oulv spoak for what I have
seen and investigated in this Salt
River valley. Perhaps others may
give more facts and figures and
write more practically. Ido this
to add my mite for the. develop
ment of the resources of Southerr
>lr. L. H S with, of Phoenix,
Arizona, has a two-year-old twenty
acre tract of almond tress, thirty
feet apart. Vinw w-re planted
between originally, but w re after
wards taken out. He prefers trees
much nearer together than thirty
feet. Mij. Hunmond, also of
Phoenix, his several aeres that
must be quite large by this time.
Those of Mr. Smith are on both
almond and peach root, but that
gentleman finds the almond foot to
be much more hardy. Professor
Hilgard, of the State Agricultural
College of California, told the
writer that h»* prefers the almond
root to any other. The varieties
planted in Mr. Smith’s orchard are
I. X. L. and Nonpireil. He ex
pressed to me a preference f<w the
Nonpareil. The orceard mentioned
was planted by running furrows
with a large plow and then cover
ing with another. They made a
fine growth. Mr. Wru. Standage
of Mesa, has several acres o£
aluiouds, the name of which I have
not learned. Mr. Pugh has some
Linguedoces that produce twenty
pounds to the tree at an age of
seveu years. Several hundred
acres of almonds were planted last
spring. 1 plau.oi sorerJ this
season with one hundred and thirty
four trees to the acre, in squares.
I planted the trees in alternate
rows in deep, rich red sandy soil,
similar in appearance to that of
Rev Hands, California. I also cut
off all broken roots and watered at
planting. The planting was done
about February 20th. The hands
were nearly all inexperienced and
yet very few trees are dead, many
have leafed out far ahead of all
orchards near us of yearling trees.
A rabbit proof fence is placed
around them for protection while
young. I believe the dormant bud
with care will make as good a tree
as the June bud, and better than
the yearling.
A few words as to the variety be
fore closing. The soft and hard
shell (practically the same) and the
paper shell are the two kinds. Os
the paper shell I selected the Non
pareil as having the heaviest ker«
nel and best bearing qualities-
While a few trees have borne not
enough have yet fruited here to tell
much vpf the money-making qual
ities, which we think they possess.
This being the natural home of the
almond, it cannot fail to do well.
We select the “Ne Plus Ultra,”
as the best soft shell, having a
prettier kernel than that of the I.
X. L. I planted some of the latter
because a few of them had fruited
on the Bartlett fig ranches near
Phoenix and being a pre-eminent
ly fine bearer I thought it a good
“mixer.” Should the trees cf
paper shells bear more lightly, then
less work accrues in gathering. As
one-third more money is received
for them than for the soft shell, the
difference is probably in favor of
the paper shell. J believe that
almond culture in Southern Ariso*
na will become famous before ten
years roll by and that almonds and
prunus Simoni will form a most
powerful pair to draw to in the se
lection of a variety of fruits,
Phoeaix has only two police offi
cers, one on duty in the day ond
the other in the night; and the day
man must put in a good share of
his time killing dogs.—Herald. And
I there is no other city in the United
i States the size of Phoenix that is
- kept so orderly and quiet with even
j twioe or three times as many polfote
No. 45.

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