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STILL IN THE LEAD I 0 No such haragains heard of as are offered by B. F. JOHNSON, SONS & CO o v A large and darefuUy selected stock of summer goo4S. jdst ie > ’ Shoes fortill, and a choice line of Family Groceries constantly on hand. * Come one, come all and be convinced. \ B. F. Johnson, Sons & Co Carl*. J. WILLIAMS, 'clectic Physician and Surgeon. ytjll attend am cALLB promptly. iirChroai* diHtM of women a aperinlty.^CV Office: Kimball House, Warn. * • Ar/aeoa fj H. SABIN, M. D. PHYSICIAN A SURGEON OFFICE—Two Door 4 Blast of Postoffice Residence—Robson Street, First Door Sooth oi Main. Mbba ~ - Arizona LAWRENCE WOODRUFF, HOMCEOPATHIST, jttinM *f U ,bnan»u Medical College, Phil-* delpbia, CUs* lsßi. Mies sad Kesidence Bwmm 11, 1? Mid 16. CaMsa Block, pßsnn. Offic* Honrs—l *o • a ■i.,l to taad • to • p. as. PHYSICIAN & SURGEON, Fempe, Arizona •See at Hcincman A Oill Block. Office Honrs —B tela, m., 3to 4 and 7 toB p. m. P T. POMEROY, Notary Public A Conveyancer. Logal papers Carefully Drawn. Oppoeite Hakes Honse. MBBA CITY, - - - ARIZONA |J J. JESSOr, DENTIST, All work warranted And prices very BBsonable. : OFF**—Porter Block. Phoenix, Arizona. ■. r~ * ■ •* * - |jETHUNE A McCABE ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW Special attention Riven to land, water and mining cases, Practice in all tbe courts, FEMPE ARIZ. J. W. BAILY, —PSALBK I>— Drugs , Medicines. Chemicals . FANCY AnD TOILET ARTICLES. iHfM, IruhM PerfiM rj, Ktr MESA, - - ARIZONA. Mesa Free Press. W. J. KINGSBURY, Attorney-aULau) Practices in all the Courts. Special attention to land cases.. TEM PE, - -ARIZ I M.j'j ■■■ ■' * * THE CENCTkI market OR AY A WE HER, °roprietors Tresh and Qorned and Pickled Meats, Sausage, Etc, always on hand. Meats delivered to any part of the city and vicinity. Poaieroy Bloc Main Street, MESA, ARIZONA. W. A. BURTON, CONTRACTOR -and- BUTLDER. Estimates Famished on Short Notice. MESA, - - - Ariz W. P. MORTON. A. P. RHEWMAN. MORTON A SHEWMAN Attorneys-at-Law. Mesa, - - Arizona. WPI pra'sf lc* In %11 the C<>nrt«of *h»iTerritory, orernment land business a specialty. Col ctisns promptly made Or Orr ca—ln Vernon A Spragg’d Real Estate Agency. R. WILSON The only Second Hand Store in Southern Arizona. Ever) variety of goods sold at bed-rock prices. Give u* a cal). Wasnlngton St. ► • '• ■ 1 PHOENIX. - - AEIZ MESA, ARIZONA, THURSDAY, MAY 17, 1894. Z6DOSCo-Op. «-■■■ The Finest Line Ever Opened in Mesa can be Seen in Our Dry Goods Dep’t, -■ »■- Which contains new, neat and fashionable dress goods, flannels, 1 ladies* and gents’ furnishing goods and usually found in a well furnished establishment. Our Hardware and Grocery Dep’t* are stocked with tbe choic est goods. Wo ar© Agents for tire Celebrated Myers Pumpß, the FamoUß F*.atherbone Buggy Whips and the Unexcelled Canton Clipper Plows. Our lines are of the best and our prices as low as the lowest. Special orders given prompt attention. t CALL AND SEE US. 3» FOR FIRE INSURANCE —GO TO B. F. Johnson, Sons & Co.-/ AGEN l'S FOR THE OLD Phoenix Ins. Co. of Brooklyn, N. V. American Fire Ins* Co., of Philadelphia Pennsylvania “ “ “ •• •• Niagara •• " • " “ —o— FARM INSURANCE A SPECIALTY. Dealer in Medicines, Chemicals, Paints, Oils, Glass, etc.; Perfumery, Fancy goods, Stationery, Toilet Articles and Tobacco. Mesa. Arizona. MESA Feed & Livery Stable. P. METS, Proprietor. THE ATLANTIC & PACIFIC RAILRO A. U The Great Middle Route across the American Continent in connec tion with the railways of the “Santa Fe Route.” Liberal Management Superior Facilities Picturesque Scenery The Grand Canon of the Colorado, the most siibdmeof Nature s w-rk oi the earth, hide - erin.ble, can eas lv he reached v>a Flagstaff, W Jltauie nr Peach Spring on this r -ad. To the Nantral Brl-'tre of Arisen* and Montezuma’s j "ell y*u cut jouruev most di *ectly by this line. < bs rve the A icion* In lian Civiiiz».tin*i *>f L»- trnna or of Auolla, -‘The City of th Sky.” Visit the Petrified F-rest near Carrizo. S*e and marvel at the freak of Cano Diablo. T*»ke a hunting trip in the mvrn fleent p ne forests of the San Fr noise > M uritains. Fmd inte-ert in tbe -u'ns of ths p-e-histo-ic cave and cliff dwellets. Vi tw tie lon rest cant lev tr bridge in Amerca across the Colorad • River T. R Gabel, W.A. Bissell, Ge ’I HuiwrintenHent Gen “*•• »grut Albuquerque, N M Sab Franclco and H S VanSlyck. Albuque-que Geu’l Agent, Albuquerque N M ' I ■low to Irrigate Fruit Tree* • —— The old Mexican method is to set the trees in a ditch and run in water until the land is water logged. Then the sun pours down ts rays and bakes the soil into an adohie brick. A few days later tbe ground opens in wide cracks, through which the moisture evap orates from the roots, which are • hen scorched up by the sun. Furthermore the trunk of the tree will usually he found to lie suu scaldi d just as high up as the water reached. N>w a totally .„ different plan is . pursued by our scientitic neighbors in California and has been successively practiced in New Mex ico Experimental College at Las Cruces. This method is open a furrow on each side of the tree and ,is n»nr to it as the horses can go without iujury to the branches. In the case of quire young trees this will be about 2 feet from the trunks and the case of trees three year old 4or 5 ft-et from the trunks. Cross furrow 8 are also made so that the tees are surrounded by a water furrow on all sides. With older trees two or in ire furrows are also run between tire row*. • A small head of water is then run on slowly, so that it lias time to sink down to the roots. By (hi . method the ground around the tree is left dry and pliable at the top and easily kept free of weeds. As soon as tile the land is dry enough, a cultivator is run between and across the rows and the entire sur face left in a tilth until the next irrigation. The result of this sys tem is that less water is needed and less often and in event of a scarcity if water the trees will stand longer sp II of drouth than by old inuthu! •'f flooding. Thf scientitic reasons for this will be given in a future issue. It would be rish to attempt to forecast the advance which Arizon t will make in agriculture in the next decade. But from the energy put. forth in supplying the country with mean* of irrigation, we may con clude that the soil productions of hat territory will rival those of some of our most fertile states at the present time. That the vast commerce that will spring up from the agricultural, mining and other industries o* that territory and New Mexico will require such an ocean outlet as can be secured at the head of the Gulf of California, cannot lie denied. And it would be an act of lasting credit to Cleveland’s admin istration if it should succeed in prevailing upon the government of Mexico to consent to a str lighten ing the boundary line between the two eojntres so as to reach the Pacific ocean about sixty miles south of San Diego. Whatever concession of Mexican territory would be included within the new line would of course, be paid for by an agreed sum, the same as the ter ritory included in the Gidsden purchase was paid for. The success of such a scheme would raise Ari zona to the tap notch of prosperity. —Los Angeles Herald. It is announced that the Wash ington authorities have asked for detectives to be sent to the capital from a’l the large cities to watch thieves among the 0 ixeyites. Big ger thieves than any of the Cox**y ites are, have b**en loafing around the capital for years. A rabbit drive near B-kersfield Ca)., the other day resulted in the killing of 7650 rabbits. t From Our Animal Friends: An officer of the police detail said re cently : “When I was a mounted policeman I learned of a most hu mane and kind method of curing a balky horse. It not only never fails, but it does not give the slightest pain to the animal. When the horse refuses to go take the froi t foot by the fetlock and bend the leg ac the knee joint. Hold it thus for three minutes and let it down and the horse will go. The only in which. I can account f or this ef fective mastery of the horse is that he can thiuk of hut one thing at a time, and having made up his miud not to go, my theory . y is that the bending of the leg takes his mind from the original thought. There h ive some barbarously cruel meth • ods resored to to make a balky horse go its way, such as tilling its mouth with sand, severely beating the horse, or, as in one recent case, cutting out his tongue. The hu r mane societies would have their hands full to care for all these cru elties to aiiiui tls. If they only knew, th** owners of horses would ad »pt my m *thod, and there would lie no-trouble with the erstwhile troublesome baikv hor-e.** So far as k town* the most exten sive orchardist in the world is Judge Fred Wei I house of Topeka. He has about 1,700 acres of orchards i i this state. Last week he planted about 270 acres to apple trees in Leaven worth county. The stock for this planting was grown in his own nurseries and consisted of 25,000 two year old trees of only three varieties These were propor lioned as follows: Twenty five acres in Jonathan, seventy five in Ben DayiKAiid 170 acres in G ino. The planting was made in rows thirty-two feet apart and sixteen feet apart in the rows. The entire 25,000 trees were taken from the nursery aed set in the orchard in three days by thirty men and the time from the lifting of a tree in the nursery until it was planted in the orchard was only ten to twenty minutes. The orchard ground was marked out by deep furrows both ways, the trees were planted in place by hand and enough soil placed around them to hold them in posi tion and protect the roots and, the remainder of the tilling was done with the plow.—Kansas Farmer. The Arizona Citizen says: On July 1 the new money order system will go into tflfeot by which loth large and small sums can be trans mitted by letter with absolute sife ty and at much less rates than are charged at present. With the is suance of the new money order the postal note will be abolished, as there will be no longer any need for it. The fees charged for the new orders will be as follows: For $2.50 or less, 3 cents; $2 50 to $5, 5 cents; §5 to $lO, 8 cen s; $lO to S2O. 10 cents; S2O to S3O, 12 cents; S3O to S4O, 15 cents; S4O to SSO, 18 c**nts; SSO to S6O, 20 cents; S6O to $75, 25 cents; $75 to SIOO, 30 cents. The Congress mine is running twenty stamps only. The full ca oioity of the mill is f >rty stamps. A lii.e of freight wagons is on the road hauling ore and concentrates to skull valley station, on the S F. P A P. r til road, had hauling sup plies from there to the camp. The admission to the Mid-winter fair has been reduced t7. 25 cents on certain days. The fair will j probably close about July Ist. Is Fruit tirowlug m Flnuutial Duron 7 The Southwestern Farm and Orchard says it is in New Mexico. We know of a peach orchard that yielded over S6OO worth of fruit per acre, and four year old peach orchard land changed bauds at the rate of $750 per acre cash down Fruit farming, however, needsaotu-« capital and a great deal of p4tieuc>. With SIO,OOO cash in hand a man can buy 40 acres of land, build hi*o self a house, buy team* and trnpli - ments, and by raising vegetables and corn between the trees liv«* comfortably until hit orchard oorue* into faring, which anil at the end of 4 to 6 years according to the vari.-ty of fruit. A forty acre or chard would secure a safe income of SB,OOO a year and we do not know of any other trade or pro fession by which a similar result can be obtained by the same outlay of capital. Moreover it is a picas, ant and healthful occupation, and many a man who is breaking down with the strain of city life would find his heabh recuperated ar.d him self another man, if he would come out and live on a fruit ranch in Colorado, New Mexico or Arizona. The past five years have been the most notable in the history of Mart copa county, The expectations of the most sanguine are being real ized. Property has increased in value rapidly in all sections, in many cases doubling up over and over again, until the owners have found ‘hemselves rich because of the holdings that were ten or fif teen years ago counted for very lit tle. Shrewd men were investing heavily in property and great east ern corporations are figuring on in vestment of surplus capital, which placed any where else would pay less than half the profits to be secured here.—Gazette, The people of Solomonvil’e are expecting a boom at the completion of the railroad through that town and already are beginning to feel an impetus that bids fair to carry them on to a great degree of prosperity. A railroad has never yet been known to injure a town it passed through and always brings with it more or less of prosperity. This. Terrifoty cannot havi too many iron horses traversing our plains and connecting our cities close to gether in commerce —Herald. -»»« The dry weather throughout the whole of Arizona in affecting the range conditions, and' in some sec tions enough to cause an uneasiness. Generally speaking, however, the average condition of the cattle is good, and large numbers are being sold or moved to eastern or north ern feeding grounds, as is the annu al custom.—Southern Stockmen, The German Emperor is a genu ine wine-grower, as prince Bismark is a dealer in alcohol and lumber from his proper* ies. The vine yards of William If are situated in the most renowned localities along the Rhine, like Hockheim, Erbaeh and Hatteinheim. The Mormon tabernacle in Salt Lake City is the must perfect whis pering gallery in the World. The dropping of a pin into a silk hat. at one end of the huge structure is distinctly heard at the other end. Hie time for the registration of • the Chinese has expired. An effort j is being made to again extend the I time. No. 36.