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WANTED! O At Highest Market Prices, all kinds of Poultry and Farm Produce. B. F. Johnson, Sons & Co New Goods constantly arriving at bed rock prices. 3ProfQoai.on.aLl Caiio- W. J. KINGSBURY, Attorney-at-Law Practices in all the Courts. Special Attention to land cases- TEMPE, - • ARIZ q J. WILLIAMS, "oleotie Pkysieian and Surgeon. VIAL ATTEND ALL CALLS PROMPTLY. dtieuos of woman a specialty. 9nioi: K-imball House, _ - Arizona yy LAWRENCE WOODRUFF, HOMCEOPATHIST, ■rndwn*t ol Hahnmmau Medical College, Phila delphia, Class 1882. Off«e and Residence Reoms 11, IS and 16. .Cnttea Block, Phcskix. Office Hours —7 to 9 a sb., 1 to 8 and 0 to 8 p. m. gR- CHAB. H. JONES, PHYSICIAN & SURGEON, fnErn. . - Arizona |t Beineman A Gill Block. Office Hours _4 tola, m., 8 to 4 and 7 to 8 p. m. P T. POMEROY, Notary Public & Conveyancer. Legal papers Carefully Drawn. Opposite Hakes House. Mil A CITY, - “ “ ARIZONA jj J.JESSUr, DENTIST. AU work warranted land prices very •Monable. Orr«i —Porter Block. Phoenix, Arizona. . -J)R. J. W. BAILY, —DKALBR I*— Drugs, Medicines, Chemicals, FANCY AnD TOILET ARTICLES. SpMge* Brushes Perfamcry, Kte* MESA. ARIZONA, R WILSON The only Second Hand Store in Southern Arizona. very variety of goods sold at bed-rock prices. Give us a call. Wasnington St. PHOENIX. - - ARIZ Mesa Free Press. THE GENERAL MARKET E. L. GRAY, °roprietor. Fresh and Corned and Pickled Meats, Sausage. Etc, always on hand. IJgTMeats delivered to any part of the city and vicinity. Pomeroy Bloc > Main Street, MESA, ARIZONA. A. L. FISHER’S Phtenix, Tempe & Mesa Stagi s I Making direct connections with [ the Goldfield Stage. ) MORNING STAGES. L’ve Ph®nix 7.00 a.m. Leave Mesa 1:30 p .ni Leave Tempe 9:00 a.in. Leave Tempe 2.30 p.m. Arrive Mesa 10:00 a.m. Arrive Phoenix 4 p.m. EVENING STAGES. L’<e Phoenix 3:30p.m. Leave Mesa 6.30 a.m L’re Tempe 4.30 p.m. Leave Tempe 7.80 a.m Arriy* Mesa 5.30 p.m.. Ar. Phoenix 9.30a.m CARRY PASSENGERS AND EXPRESS. |s§P”Leave orders at Fashion Stable, Commercial Hotel or Frank Phil lips W. A. BURTON, CONTRACTOR -and- BUILDER. Estimates Furnished on Short Notice. MESA, - Ariz ' ’ " WM. PASSEY, UNDERTAKER. —o— i Undertaker’s supplies. Imported Y coffins and caskets always on hand. Coffins made to order on short notice. Furniture repaired and job work done at live and let live prices. WM. PASSEY, Z Next Door to Mesa City Bank MESA CITY, ARIZONA, FRIDAY, SEP I’. 21, 1891 ZeiOSCo-Op. - ► • « The Finest Line Ever Opened in Mesa can be Seen in Our Dry Goods Dep’t, Which contains new, neat and fashionable dress goods, flannels, ladies’ and gents’ furnishing goods and everything usually found in a well furnished establishment. Our Hardware and Grocery Dep’t? are stocked with the choic est- goods. We are Agents for tlie Celebrated Myers Pumps, the Famous Fcatherbone Buggy Whips and the Unexcelled Canton Clipper Plows. Our lines are of the best and our prices as low as the lowest. Special orders given prompt attention. CALL AND SEE US. FOR FIRE INSURANCE —GO TO B. F. Johnson, Sons & Co., AGENTS FOR THE OLD Phoenix Ins. 00. of Brooklyn, N. Y. American Fire Ins' Co., of Philadelphia Pennsylvania “ “ “ “ “ Niagara “ “ ‘ “ “ -*-o — FARM INSURANCE A SPECIALTY. Dealer in Medicines, Chemicals, Paints, Oils, Glass, etc.; Perfumery, Fancy goods, Stationery, Toilet Articles and Tobacco. Mesa, Arizona. Feed & Livery Stable. P. METS, Proprietor. THE ATLANTIC & PACIFIC RAIL ROAD The Great Middle Route across the American Continent in connec tion with the railways of the “Santa Fe Route.” Liberal Management Superior Facilities Picturesque Scenery The Grand Canon of the Colorado, the most sublime of Nature’s work on the earth, indes cribable, can easily be reached via Flagstaff, Williams or Peach Springs on this road. To the Natural Bridge of Arizona and Montezuma’s Well you can jouruey most directly by this line. Observe the Ancient Indian Civilization of La gnna or of Acolla, “The City of the Sky.” Visit the Petrified Forest near Carrizo. See and marvel at the freak of Canon Diablo. Take a hunting trip in the magnificent pine forests of the San Francisco Mountains. Find interest in the ruins of the pre-historic cave and cliff dwellers. View the longest cantilever bridge in America across the Colorado River T. R. Gabel, W.A. Bissell, Gen’l Superintendent Gen Pass Agent Albuquerque, N M San Francico and H S VanSltck. Albuquerque Gen’l Agent, Albuquerque N M Water Sfornge, It is not s-hortage of water, says the Saturday Review, bnt lack of facilities for using it that has led up to the eroneous belief that there is not sufficient water to irrigate the Sslt River valley. Were there three millions of acres of irrigable under the Gila and Salt rivers, in stead of a million and a half, eson omy in preserving the water supply and conducting the precious liquid to the productive soil, would still enable every acre of this vast area to be utilized. So far no storage capacity has been supplied, and the lands now cultivated are watered hy means of canals or artificial streams taken from the Gila and Salt rivers and their tributaries. No great amount of care or ingenuity has yet been displayed in abducting these streams from their natural course and water is still carried in open ditches where the loss by evanoration is enormous. A new era in irrigation in Ari zona is dawning, and already sev eral feasible schemes for impound ing water to tide over the season of drought have been started and some of them are now well under way. The most prominent among these —all of which are feasible at no unusual cost —is the Tonto reser voir, at the head of the Box canyon and at the confluence of Tonto creek and Salt River, considerably less than one hundred miles north east of Phoenix. A thorough sur vey has been made and it is ascer tained that the construction of a dam across the mouth of the gorge will enclose a reservoir of immense magnitude. This artificial lake when enclosed will cover an area of 11,575 acres with water, and the capacity will be 900,000 acre feet or sufficient to irrigate an equal number of acres of land with the assistance of the natural precipita tion. An acre foot of water is sufficient to cover an acre of land one foot deep—an average yearly irrigation. Besides the Tonto reservoir there is the Horseshoe that will soon be built above Eort McDowell on the Verde river, by the Rio Verde company. This upon initial con struction will contain 205,000 acre feet of water and its capacity can be increased to 400,000 acre-feet. The Pennsylvania company with their Cave Creek reservoir will im pound 150,000 acre—feet, and the Agua Fria or Frog Tanks at least 150,000. This company is already working and the foundation of the dam is laid in solid masonry. The Hassayampa has a capacity of 100,- 000 acre-feet and its catchment basin is the finest in the territory, besides the stream is a copious one. It will be seen that these reser voirs when completed will supply 1,700,000 acre-feet of water, an amount more than ample to irri gate the 1,500,000 acres of land that lie below the box canyons of the Gila and Salt rivers, and all the arable land under both rivers on either side as far as Yuma and the Colorado river. There yet remain the waters of the Gila river, which were gauged for one year at the Butte canyon, twelve miles from Florence. It was found that this river annually i furnishes 375,000 acre-feet of wa > ter, which may be impounded at 1 that point. Dr. A. J. Chandler of the Consolidated Canal company i has already made the necessary 3 surveys, locations and preliminary » works, and it is only a question of time until the work is done. , The Salt River is a more volu : minous stream and the minimum flo ~r per year since 1888 has been 2,000,000 acre feet of water while , the maximum was 6,000,000 acre , feet. Thus it will be seeu that at , tha dryest seasons ample water can be secured to irrigate for the two rivers 2,375,000 acres, while the entire area to be covered is only 1,500,000. Besides this, the water turned out at the waterways high up the river is not all lost by exhalation and evaporation, and from 30 per cent to 50 per cent of all this wa ter again returns to the channel of the stream from which it was ta ken, reaching there by percolation through the porous soil and it is again on the surface and ready for use but a few miles down the river below. • As an example the water at the Arizona dam may at any time be measured and while it is apparent ly all taken from the river before it reaches this city at which point the river is frequently dry; but a few miles below it again rises on average of 1,000 miner’s inches per mile and when the Buckeye canal is reached the accretion from the the Gila has increased the . head of water until it is again equal to the flow of the river at the Arizona dam sixty miles above. Speaking of the Box Canyon of the Salt River, here is a section of Arizona that has but once been traversed by either civilized or sav age man. One year ago a survey ing party that was locating the Tonto reservoir passed np this canyon which they report as second to none in the grandeur of its scenery and the romantic wildness of the country, the Grand Canyon of the Colorado alone excepted. For thirty four miles this canyon extends through a gorge and the average width of the opening is but 200 feet while at one point at Needles it narrows to 100 feet, through which the t aging torrent of the river flows. The walls of the Box canyon are from 500 to 2,285 feet in height, the highest point being near the Mormon ranch or Weavers Needle wash. It is impossible to describe the kaleidoscopic display and every step presents new beauties of na ture and wonders of creation Be tween Alter and Ash creeks which flow into Box canyon through box canyons at right angles, is a nificent temple with a lofty spire that towers high above the sur roundings, while castles, pillars and everything uncommon in natuie are found in profusion. The party spent four days in going eleven miles while near the middle of this wonderful gorge. They ascended the river in a 12 foot canvas boat and during the entire four days were unable to effect a landing as the water reached from shore to : shore of the perpendicular cliffs. Oaves of immense magnitude could , be seen 500 feet high on the sides [ of the cliffs. From ten to twelve streams enter the canyon all thro’ . box canyons and * most of these ( streamlets were named by the ex plorers. Prominent among these streams r is Skull creek, so named as it is the historic place where A1 Sebra t corraled a band of Indians and l their skulls and skeletons yet lie j bleaching as an evidence of the j sanguinary conflict in which the j Indians fought unto death, f This canyon can only be used as a canal or waterway as it is unlike the great Royal gorge of the Ar— kansaw or the Grand Canyon of the Gunnison in Colorado who ho trend is somewhat straight, thus enabling the building of a railroad through the gorges; but the Box canyon of the Salt river zigzags and the curvature is so great that a railroad through it would be an impossibility. This party by their enterprise, however, demonstrated that not only is there within the confines of the territory a rival of the Grand canyon of the Colorado in grandeur but that through it is the key to the final reclamation of the arid lands of the valleys of the Gila and Salt rivers, commonly styled the Salt River valley, in cluding that of the Casa Grand. The man who says there is not sufficient water for the redemption of the desert waste, is either aa enemy to Arizona or he is lacking in information. Beyond Endurance. Th.- preacher from town was fill ing an appointment in a mountain ohurch in Kentucky, and, being an old fashioned orthodox minister, he was making his sermon very warm. In fact, it was moreothan warm; it was hot. He set* fort!) vividly all the terrors of the hereafter of the wicked, describing minutely the boiling brimstone, the blazing tor rents of pitch and turpentine, the dreadful caldron of eternal burning, and picturing the sinners floating about and writhing and squirming in the awful lake below. The con gregation was vividly affected and the greatest stillness prevailed every member listening intently, until one tall, young fellow, evi dently with the preacher’s picture clearly before his mind, jumped up and in a protesting voice exclaimed earnestly: “By gum, mister, them people can’t stand it !”-Detroit Free Press. The California Fruit Transporta tion Company of Sacramento is shipping fresh fruits to England. The freight rate is $750 per car, which is materially less than the rate for previous seasons. This charge covers all costs between Sacramento and London, but a commission of five per cent is charged by the seiler in the latter city. These shipments are dis patched by special train to New York and roach that city in time , to takt the steamer sailing the same or the next day, so that the least , possible time is occupied in transit. Each steamer will accomodate ten car loads of fruit, and it is ex pected that the conditions this year L will prove favorable for fair prices f in the English markets. In short, I the California Fruit Transportation . Company is exerting its utmost es , forts toward making the fruit ship ments to foreign countries this ( year a pronounced success. — Ex. Near Clifton a quartz mill is 5 being erected that will be run by water power. The stamps have a , rapid rotary motion and are a de sign from South Africa and Aus tralia. It is claimed that the $lO free gold ore a mile away can be mined and milled for $2 5Q per ton.—Prospector. > — —- 1 Attilla was called the Scourge of God, from an expression of his own; “Where my horse has trodden no grass will ever grow.” Alabama’s supply of red cedar » is exhausted. No. 2.