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In 1800 only the country be tween the Atlantic and the Missis sippi belonged to the United States Since that the Louisiana purchase in 1803, the Florida in 1821, the, Mexican acquisitions in 1840, 18f>0 and 1853 and Alaska in 1807 have been added. The increase, ex cluding Alaska, has been from 827, 844 to 3,025.600 square miles, or 2 5-8, but the growth of popu lation has been from 5,308,488 to 62,622,250, or nearly twelve fold. In 1800 the inhabitants were a little less than seven to the square mile (in 1790 they had been less than 5, in 1890 they were over 21.) The place where the population is densest is the District of Columbia, which has has 3839 to the square mile, the next is Rhode Island 318, then Massachuttts 278, then New Jersey 193, Connecticut 154, New York 125, Pennsylvania 116, and Maryland 105. The other states and territories run below 100, down to Montana, Wyoming, Ari zona and Nevada, which have less than one inhabitant to the mile. The :ensuß commissioner notes that in Rhode Island and Massa chusetts the density of population is as great as in many of the most densely European states and that tho entire North Atlantic division pre-eminently the manufacturing section, has an average of over 100 inhabitants to the square mile. But it may be a surprise to some that among the old states, Maine has only 22, New Hampshire 41, Vermont 26. A NEW DEPARTMENT. The secretary of agriculture es tablished a department on July 1 to be called the biological survey. The result is expected to be a tre mendous economic advantage. Ag riculturalists, horticulturists and stock raisers are to be given charts showing the exact position of each state and territory where certain animals and vegetables can be ad vantageously Those will be supplemented by a large cata logue containing every land animal and vegetable of the world, and indicating the areas in which they may be raised or cultivated by Americans. Millions of dollars are thrown away, each year by farmers and other producers who plant seed in the wrong soil or climate, or who undertake to breed animals where the atmosphere and food resources are uncongenial. An efficient corps of naturalists con nected with the biological survey will make a detailed survey of the whole country, counting and class ifying the living species in each county of each state and territory. They will also note the conditions of climate, altitude aud Soil, will note how far each condition influ ences the distribution of the species. The chief of the new survey will be Dr. O . Hart Merriam. A sur vey of the entire country will he made and charts will then be pub lished showing the exact location of the various species. No other country in the world has ever in stituted a survey of this kind. One of the earliest methods of secret writing was to shave the head of his bald skull, let the hair grow and then send him to his destination, where the hair was again clipped. The main objec tion to this was loss of time. . Among the Spartans an ingenious device was in use. A long strip ot paper or cloth, with broken letters on the surface, meant nothing until rolled around a staff similar to the one of the sender, when the letters fell into their proper places. Th« hand of Into hovers over the anwise, th* youth who in error have dashed the cup of l ife to the floor. It. is a fearful horror to be as strong as an ox to-day, to be as weak as a kitten to-morrow. It is a solemn warning: It should ke heeded. Catch yourself in the nick of time. If you cannot help yourself the .GREATHinVAN will help you. lln4yan Is a purely vegetable preparation, but is a powerful one. Hudyan restores, rebuilds, renews the flies of life. It is for mau. It is man’s best friend. If you suffer from weakness, Irom impaired or lost manhood, if you have used up your kidneys or injured your liver you Should write ard learn all aboar the Great Hudyan. Circulars and tes timonlals free. HUDSON MEDICAI. INSTITUTE, Stockton, Market and Ellis Sts., ban Francisco, California. 5 J B. BARNETT, Dealer in Medicines, Chemicals, Paints, Oils, Glass, etc.; Perfumery, Fancy goods, Stationery, Toilet Articles and Tobacco. Mesa. Arizona. LEHI STORE CHAS. WING, PROP Full line of Groceries, Dry Goods, Etc. Agent for the White Marble Lime Quarry lime — the best in the market v-.r Nfe, r V^* 4 : - M VI ' C IV. j. *■ i tt-VT: V v •„, h-- ' . <: ' - ,•«*<; ?. w.wp J K >vr- •- - - '■/.is ! ; - - - - • • - -»a , ’ VV: tot ■■ m >; ; ..i it j 0 A y ■V. *? r . -v,. /v*vr*? VF £!*• H 8 % * I?£ V -LA ? £* r - M -f\ t T 2 V G!y nr >*»•** y»• r *. ;i- 't iit .it i\ u, A ' t**«* •iw.- V J.- 4. ab - k ;w> ~v "•p >*«•,.- i.A < •• A r, I GET THE BEST When yon ere about to b—vff Sewing Machine do not be <See«;vt <\ h , cUv :■ ‘ icements and be led to think you c*u yet tne best nxado, finest finished and , Most Popular *sk for a mere song. See f:> it that OPt you buy scorn reliable maau lecturers that I *.ve g-ainod a reputation byhoncut it; n sq t.va dealing, you v/ill men get a Sewing - Machino that ia noted i SyyxKs the world ov.r for it.-; du/a bility. Von tut* enu that ta easiest to manage and ).-> Light Running Lit -I’ 1‘(»•>•. Is nfop.in th’: world thrt c --i! ec trial in mechanical con ftuMflcß, durebiiity of working j fineness or finish, beauty >» apprjtranec, or *'i&9 as many In»yn9v«i*iw£.t& an tha N ID w FT OM E It has Automatic Tension, Double Peed, alike on both side;; of needle no other has it; 11 t w Stand ( patented), driving wheel hinged on ad jivstabio conic rs, thus veducing uictioa to the minimum. WRITS POS6 emOULABS. THE SEW BOSS SEIiSG HACIilfiE CO. •s,;.yos, >(Asa. Boston, Mass, tis Vmov Sqoakk, N. T CaiCAoo, It a,. 6t. Louis, Mo. Dallas, Texas. San FttANcisoo, Cal. Atlanta, ua. fOH SALE BY F B*. V.sruoa P* tk Mesa Real Estate EXCHANGE. ■ WHAT DO YOU WANT TO KNOW ABOUd Arizona and Salt Riuer Valley. We offer unequaled facilities to buyers and sellers and have the most extensive list of property in the City and County. It will pay investors to get our prices be tore purchasing. Loans planed in first mortgage Security Notary Pnblic and Conueyancer. VERNON & SPRAGG MESA, ARIZON A Boom in Building WILL FIND H. I RYDER’S LUMBER YARD Ready to supply all orders for Lumber of all Kinds, Doors, Windows; Builders’ Hardware, Etc. Also Farm Implements, Plows, Cultivators and Barbed Wire. Opposite Kimball House. BERT WINGAR, Manager. DR. GEO. H. KEEFER. f>4 Druggist, Chemist, Apothecary and dealer in Peure Mediein, Fancy Articles, Perfumery and Stationer) Doctor’s Prescriptions Carefully Compounded. OPERA HOUSE DREG STORE, Pheemi FALLTERM —OF THE— Ln M« k Business Colege, EPioenix Opens Monday , Sept. 2nd. Students who board at the College and spend Saturday and Sunday at h©m© can obtain special rates on board. • \Miiidiester * cpe « tsn 9~ *** Ammunition, Best ns the world.. pW sT«u r - - 'VA J / i l^'/ ■- p ' “ a Us itL " AvE.NRn HavEN*£(MiMS,. BEST OF ACCOMMODATIONS Fur the traveling puhlic. Tables furnished with best the market affords. Feed Stable in connection. Horses boarded by the day, week or month. Mesa, Arizona. ip,,,——....., KIMBALL HOUSE The Pioneer Hotel of Mesa WM. A. KIMBALL, Proprietor, HARDWARE! o Pipe, Pips ai Flip —AT— Bed Rock Prices. We have just received a consignment of Road Wagons and two seated rigs, which we would ]iko to have you see before you buy. Pumps of all sizes on hand. Get our prices. ABELL & WILBUR. , 1 ■■ .■ 1 m y Hardware ! »■■• Q**’ Hunsaker & Stapley Cit3T, Dealers in Shelf and Heavy Hardware Wagon and Buggy Hardwood, Cry i Paints and Oils, and Extras for all kinds of Mowing Machines, Single and Double Harness at Let-live prices. Giant Powder and Miners' Supplies complete, Terms, - - Strictly Cash I i _ * ME AC MARKET % GeoLAV. Lewis & Co., Props. Fresh and Salt Meats, Mutton, Pork, Veal ana Beef, Corn Beet, Sausage and Bologna. Best of Meats constantly on hand at lowest price for cash. Homo lard, very best and pure. Also Rolled Barley in any desired quantity Butter, Eggs, Poultry and Stock taken in exchange sor Meats or Barley. Give Us a Ca.il.