i)knt a) ry (>f po v\j la rroN
In 1800 only the country be
tween the Atlantic and the Missis
sippi belonged to the United States
Since that the Louisiana purchase
in 1803, the Florida in 1821, the,
Mexican acquisitions in 1840, 18f>0
and 1853 and Alaska in 1807 have
been added. The increase, ex
cluding Alaska, has been from
827, 844 to 3,025.600 square miles,
or 2 5-8, but the growth of popu
lation has been from 5,308,488 to
62,622,250, or nearly twelve fold.
In 1800 the inhabitants were a
little less than seven to the square
mile (in 1790 they had been less
than 5, in 1890 they were over 21.)
The place where the population is
densest is the District of Columbia,
which has has 3839 to the square
mile, the next is Rhode Island 318,
then Massachuttts 278, then New
Jersey 193, Connecticut 154, New
York 125, Pennsylvania 116, and
Maryland 105. The other states
and territories run below 100,
down to Montana, Wyoming, Ari
zona and Nevada, which have less
than one inhabitant to the mile.
The :ensuß commissioner notes
that in Rhode Island and Massa
chusetts the density of population
is as great as in many of the most
densely European states and that
tho entire North Atlantic division
pre-eminently the manufacturing
section, has an average of over 100
inhabitants to the square mile.
But it may be a surprise to some
that among the old states, Maine
has only 22, New Hampshire 41,
A NEW DEPARTMENT.
The secretary of agriculture es
tablished a department on July 1
to be called the biological survey.
The result is expected to be a tre
mendous economic advantage. Ag
riculturalists, horticulturists and
stock raisers are to be given charts
showing the exact position of each
state and territory where certain
animals and vegetables can be ad
vantageously Those will
be supplemented by a large cata
logue containing every land animal
and vegetable of the world, and
indicating the areas in which they
may be raised or cultivated by
Americans. Millions of dollars are
thrown away, each year by farmers
and other producers who plant seed
in the wrong soil or climate, or
who undertake to breed animals
where the atmosphere and food
resources are uncongenial. An
efficient corps of naturalists con
nected with the biological survey
will make a detailed survey of the
whole country, counting and class
ifying the living species in each
county of each state and territory.
They will also note the conditions
of climate, altitude aud Soil, will
note how far each condition influ
ences the distribution of the species.
The chief of the new survey will
be Dr. O . Hart Merriam. A sur
vey of the entire country will he
made and charts will then be pub
lished showing the exact location
of the various species. No other
country in the world has ever in
stituted a survey of this kind.
One of the earliest methods of
secret writing was to shave the
head of his bald skull, let the hair
grow and then send him to his
destination, where the hair was
again clipped. The main objec
tion to this was loss of time. .
Among the Spartans an ingenious
device was in use. A long strip ot
paper or cloth, with broken letters
on the surface, meant nothing until
rolled around a staff similar to the
one of the sender, when the letters
fell into their proper places.
Th« hand of Into hovers over the anwise, th*
youth who in error have dashed the cup of l ife
to the floor. It. is a fearful horror to be as
strong as an ox to-day, to be as weak as a kitten
to-morrow. It is a solemn warning: It should
ke heeded. Catch yourself in the nick of time.
If you cannot help yourself the
will help you. lln4yan Is a purely vegetable
preparation, but is a powerful one.
Hudyan restores, rebuilds, renews the flies of
life. It is for mau. It is man’s best friend. If
you suffer from weakness, Irom impaired or lost
manhood, if you have used up your kidneys or
injured your liver you Should write ard learn
all aboar the Great Hudyan. Circulars and tes
HUDSON MEDICAI. INSTITUTE,
Stockton, Market and Ellis Sts.,
ban Francisco, California.
J B. BARNETT,
Paints, Oils, Glass, etc.;
Perfumery, Fancy goods,
Stationery, Toilet Articles
CHAS. WING, PROP
Full line of Groceries, Dry
Goods, Etc. Agent for the White
Marble Lime Quarry lime — the
best in the market
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"•p >*«•,.- i.A < •• A r,
GET THE BEST
When yon ere about to b—vff Sewing Machine
do not be <See«;vt <\ h , cUv :■ ‘ icements
and be led to think you c*u yet tne best nxado,
finest finished and ,
Most Popular *sk
for a mere song. See f:> it that OPt
you buy scorn reliable maau
lecturers that I *.ve g-ainod a
reputation byhoncut it; n sq t.va
dealing, you v/ill men get a
Sewing - Machino that ia noted i SyyxKs
the world ov.r for it.-; du/a
bility. Von tut* enu that
ta easiest to manage and ).->
Lit -I’ 1‘(»•>•. Is nfop.in th’: world thrt
c --i! ec trial in mechanical con
ftuMflcß, durebiiity of working j
fineness or finish, beauty
>» apprjtranec, or *'i&9 as many
In»yn9v«i*iw£.t& an tha
N ID w FT OM E
It has Automatic Tension, Double Peed, alike
on both side;; of needle no other has
it; 11 t w Stand ( patented), driving wheel hinged
on ad jivstabio conic rs, thus veducing uictioa to
WRITS POS6 emOULABS.
THE SEW BOSS SEIiSG HACIilfiE CO.
•s,;.yos, >(Asa. Boston, Mass, tis Vmov Sqoakk, N. T
CaiCAoo, It a,. 6t. Louis, Mo. Dallas, Texas.
San FttANcisoo, Cal. Atlanta, ua.
fOH SALE BY
F B*. V.sruoa P* tk
Mesa Real Estate
WHAT DO YOU WANT TO KNOW ABOUd
Arizona and Salt Riuer Valley.
We offer unequaled facilities to buyers and sellers
and have the most extensive list of property in the City
and County. It will pay investors to get our prices be
Loans planed in first mortgage Security
Notary Pnblic and Conueyancer.
VERNON & SPRAGG
A Boom in Building
H. I RYDER’S LUMBER YARD
Ready to supply all orders for Lumber of all Kinds,
Doors, Windows; Builders’ Hardware, Etc.
Also Farm Implements, Plows, Cultivators and
Opposite Kimball House.
DR. GEO. H. KEEFER. f>4
Druggist, Chemist, Apothecary and dealer in
Peure Mediein, Fancy Articles, Perfumery and Stationer)
Doctor’s Prescriptions Carefully Compounded.
OPERA HOUSE DREG STORE, Pheemi
Ln M« k Business
Opens Monday , Sept. 2nd. Students who board at the
College and spend Saturday and Sunday at h©m© can
obtain special rates on board.
• \Miiidiester * cpe « tsn 9~
Best ns the world..
pW sT«u r - - 'VA J / i l^'/ ■- p '
“ a Us itL " AvE.NRn HavEN*£(MiMS,.
BEST OF ACCOMMODATIONS
Fur the traveling puhlic.
Tables furnished with best the market affords.
Feed Stable in connection. Horses boarded by the
day, week or month. Mesa, Arizona.
The Pioneer Hotel of Mesa
WM. A. KIMBALL, Proprietor,
Pipe, Pips ai Flip
Bed Rock Prices.
We have just received a consignment of
Road Wagons and two seated rigs, which we would ]iko
to have you see before you buy.
Pumps of all sizes on hand. Get our prices.
ABELL & WILBUR.
, 1 ■■ .■ 1 m y
Hunsaker & Stapley
Dealers in Shelf and Heavy Hardware
Wagon and Buggy Hardwood, Cry i
Paints and Oils, and Extras for all
kinds of Mowing Machines, Single
and Double Harness at Let-live prices.
Giant Powder and Miners' Supplies complete,
Terms, - - Strictly Cash
i _ *
ME AC MARKET
GeoLAV. Lewis & Co., Props.
Fresh and Salt Meats, Mutton, Pork, Veal ana
Beef, Corn Beet, Sausage and Bologna.
Best of Meats constantly on hand at lowest price
for cash. Homo lard, very best and pure.
Also Rolled Barley in any desired quantity
Butter, Eggs, Poultry and Stock taken in exchange sor
Meats or Barley.
Give Us a Ca.il.
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