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MESA FREE PRESS.
A. P. BHKWMAN. w. D. MOKTON. MORTON * SHEWMAN, Publishers. MESA CITY, - . - • ARIZONA Boston Is perfectly patriotic now, With hen red brick buildings, her white subway and her blue stockings. After a roan has gnawed a good old fashioned hardtack for an hour he is hi a mood to remember pretty nearly anything. The St Paul Dispatch says: "A one armed athlete has been walking around the earth.'* Well, that’s an 'armless sort of amusement, isn’t It? Why shouldn’t Hon. Joseph Cham berlain believe in an English alliance with America? Such an alliance has worked all right in bis own case. It to said now that the German Em peror designs many of the Empress’ gowns. He to able to do anything, from directing his nation’s destiny to dress-snaking. The Denver Post complains because “a Colorado poet baa made ’Dewey’ rhyme with ‘glory.’ ” Why find fault With that? It to a deed to be proud of; how did ho do It? A Western paper says the/’tubercu baa been communicated to dogs by French bacteriologists.” The only way a dog can be absolutely safe is to refuse to associate with such persons. A contemporary clears up matter In the following lucks manner: **The name of the Spanish admiral at Monti Jo and as Montojo. It is doubtful, bo Mondjo and as Montojo.” Ho, ho, to that so? ~ The authorities in Washington per petrated a neat swindle on the Span iards In Cuba. Blanco has been in • duced to exchange two American news paper correspondents for a Spanish colonel and a physician. Our |iaval Academy, which has vin dicated Its existence abundantly in times past, has done it again In the splendid gunnery of our naval officers, the theory and practice of which are very thoroughly taught at Annapolis. The decadence of Spain is illustrated the fact that from having been once the possessor of much the great est part of North and South America oh » has not now a safe coaling station, fmi before many months she will have lost those she nominally owns. The sense of proportion is a fine thing to cultivate in these times. “There Sere heroes before Agamemnon,” even “. though there were no hysterical news papers to declare it. And, by the way, several brave deeds were done In this very country some thirty-five years *g°. ______ The titles of the King of Spain sug gest a large part of the history of the world. He Is King of Jerusalem, which to Turkish; of Navarre, which to French; of Gibraltar, which is British, and of the East and West Indies, which are largely British; Duke of Brabant and Count of Flanders, now the two in dependent kingdoms of Holland and Belgium; and sovereign of numerous ether lands long since Independent or under the undisputed sway of other powers. He bears upon his person, indeed, an epitome of the glory and the fall of Spain. As Intelligent effort Is being made to convince European nations that corn tHtofcd, as the Yankee said of “punkln pie,” to “wholesome vitals.” Some headway to being made, and since the United States produces more than two billion bushels, the export supply may be regarded as equal to any demand the corn evangelists operating in Eu rope can create. The royal family of Denmark takes kindly to corn, and when fully converted, as seems prob able, a European corn-fed aristocracy may be created. In New York, the great difficulty of the vacant lot farms committee In previous years has been the obtaining of suf ficient land for the farms, but this year it has for use during the summer three hundred and twenty acres of land in Pelham Bay Park. This is now the fourth year that the vacant lot farms have been carried on in New York City. Each year a small number of men have been so trained in the first principles of agriculture that they have expressed a willingness to take positions in the country, and some few heads of families have done so. Thus the vacant lot farms afford a kind of farm training school. China bos at last made Its first con cession to an American company. The Secretary of State has received notice that the American-Chlna Development Company has been permitted to build a railroad from Hankow on the Yang tse-Kiang Elver to Canton in the Prov ince of Quong-Tung, and thence to the sea. The line will be 900 miies long and will run through provinces trlbu- Urj to a population of nearly 90,000,- 000 people. The company now Is nego tiating for extensions to the main line, which it Is also believed will be grant ed. With a view of enabling the Chi nese ultimately to construct and oper ate railways the American-Chlna De velopment Company Is to establish a school of practical instruction In rail ways, where Chinese shall be educated in questions relating to railway con struction, operation, and management Ail materials and apparatus for the proposed road are to enter the Chinese empire free of duty, in a manner simi lar fee that adopted in the ease of the railway now running west from Tien- Tsin. The granting of this concession serves to emphasize the Importance of our recent operations at the Philip pines. The conditions at Australia and the Philippines show the differences in the methods of government practiced by Great Britain and Spain. In Australia practically the same civilized condi tions exist as in England, and every thing that can be done to reform the natives Is being done. But there are no cities In Europe that are more fine ly built than Sydney and Melbourne or which enjoy a higher civilization. In the Philippines, with the possible ex ception of Manila, where the presence of a few English, German and Ameri can residents, give some signs of civili sation, the people are In the same prim itive condition now as when they came under Spanish sway three centuries ago. Nothing whatever has been done to develop the vast revenues of the Isl ands or to educate and civilize the peo ple. All the means of public instruc tion are in the hands of religious so cieties, which use every effort to keep the natives in Ignorance, that they may be the more easily dominated and oppressed. The people are robbed that none may accumulate property enough, to send their children away to be edu cated. It is through the few that have been sent abroad that the late revolu tions have been encouraged, and the natives made to realize the tyranny and despotism of Spain. The American people lack something of a quality which to certainly good for the general community—that of tenac ity in the defence of the small individ ual rights which the greater rights are sometimes found to depeud on In the end. The American Is apt to ask him self, “Will It pay” to resist an infringe ment upon his rights? If it is not like ly to “pay” he Usually submits to the outrage. Englishmen, on the other hand, are tenacious of their rights as against corporations or public ser vants, even at great cost to themselves. Frenchmen can also on occasion show a like spirit. A good example of it has lately been brought to the public atten tion In Paris. A business man, forced by a misadventure to wait an hour and a half at a railway station, took up the table of rates and charges, which the railroad company was required to keep open to the public. He fo.und that the advertised fare for the trip he was about to make was twenty-nine franca and nlnety-flvo centimes, whereas the fare usually exacted was thirty franca When he bought his ticket he offered twenty-nine francs and ninety-five cen times; the agent refused to give him a ticket He paid thirty francs under protest and after his return to the city demanded the return of tho excess— about one cent in our money. The company refused to refund it He sued the railroad company for restitu tion, and won his case. The company appealed, and the first decision wae sustained. The case was then carried to the Court of Cassation, the highest court open to it Again the decision was In the citizen’s favor; the company was ordered to restore the cent to him, and to lower Its fare to the prescribed figure. The litigation cost the company more than three thousand francs, and the citizen about a thousand. He had vindicated a principle, and no doubt considered himself well repaid. The citlfen would perhaps In our country be called “a kicker,” but be was kick ing in the service of the community, and the community owes him Its sin cere thanks for his self-sacrifice. The Koreans are exhibiting the wild est delight over the announcement that their king Is about to marry. This act on his part means more to those peo ple than Is commonly supposed by such as are ignorant of some of the curious customs of that people. The king takes precedence In all matri monial affairs, for so long as the king Is single no marriage may take place in his domains among his subjects. All good Koreans, therefore, who obey the letter of the law religiously and patri otically postpone their weddings until the king has taken a spouse unto him self. Among the common people this law Is not strictly obeyed, but among the nobility and the better class of people no one would think of marry ing before the king, as such a violation of the law would cause the offender to lose caste. But marriages are arranged In Korea without reference to the par ties to It, and “falling in love” is a thing of which a Korean is never guilty. Since the murder of the queen, some two years or more ago, none of the members of good families have married, and the people, more than a year since, became bo impatient for the king to wed that they expressed their discontent openly. The king’s ad visers made known to him the dissatis faction among his subjects, and he be gan the Work of hunting up a wife. Although he Is over 60 years of age his choice was the daughter of a noble man who had not reached her sixteenth year. His ministers objected to the king making that kind of a fool of him self, since It is against the time-honored customs of the empire for the king to take a wife so many years his Junior. The advice of the ministers prevailed, but while the king abandoned the maiden he could not be Induced to look with favor upon any of the others whom his advisers presented for his selection. This set the people again in a rage, and finally the king delegated to his advisers the power of selecting a wife for him without his interfer ence. This selection has been made, and the future queen of Korea is re ported to be very handsome, according to Asiatic ideas of beauty, and about 80 year of age. No should be proud; no man ever lived whose neighbors didhf pit; kto wife LATEST WAR NEWS. Resume of Events on Land and Sea During the Week. Spanish are deserting to the Ameri can lines in great numbers. Spain may again intend to ask the Pope to intervene in behalf of peace. Tho Spanish battleship Pelayo is de tained in the Suez canal with broken machinery. The President has directed that Cer vera be released on parole as soon as he reaches the United States. In addition to the Spanish governor, the Charleston took forty officers as prisoners of war to Cavite. The President, cabinet and high army officers agree that from 80,000 to 100,000 troops are needed to take Ha vana. It Is authoritatively stated that Miles will not go to Santiago. He will re main to organize the Porto Rico expe dition. According to dispatches received from Madrid, the Spanish government has ordered Admiral Camara to return to Spain. Blanco has issued a manifesto on the destruction of Cervera’s fleet, in which he says, “Not always does fortune fol law valor.” The Spanish warship Alfonso XIII attempted to run the blockade out of Havana, and was captured by au Amer ican cruiser. Dispa/tches received at Madrid from official sources at Havana announce that the people are enthusiastic tnere to continue the war. A dispatch from Santiago de Cuba says 140 of the sailors who belonged to Admiral Cervera’s squadron have reached Santiago de Cuba. Dispatches from Port Said report that Camara’s squadron is in a deplor able condition. It is said the Spanish engineers have ruined the boilers. At a Spanish cabinet council the minister of war contended that hostil ities should be continued, and his policy was supported by the Queen Regent. The director in charge of the hospi tal at Key West says that the wound ed men who arrived yesterday from Cuba are improving, and that all will recover. v It has been decided to send 10,000 more troops to Manila, but great diffi culty will be experienced in getting transports. Twelve or fourteen ships are needed. The Spanish cabinet, after a short session, decided not to open negotia tions for peace, but to continue the war with all risks while a single sol dier remains in Cuba. The report of Cervera’s suicide grew out of the death of Don Juan Lazaga, captain of the Oquendo,. who, rather than fall into the hands of the Ameri cans, took his own life. United States troops have landed, and have been comfortably housed at Cavite. Insurgents are active. Agui naldo proclaimed himself President of the revolutionary republic on July 1. , A dispatch from Santiago says that the captain of the Spanish cruiser Oquendo, when he saw that his ship was .doomed, took his own life rather than fall into the hands of the 'Ameri cans. The Spanish government has made direct inquiries through proper chan nels to Washington, asking upon what terms the United States will conclude peace, and suggesting an armistice during negotiations. We learn from a sure source that the Spanish government thinks it impos sible to make peace now, because to make peace at present would throw the balance of power in Spain into the hands of the Carlists. The bombardment of Havana may not occur for a month or six weeks yet. With Cervera’s fleet destroyed, Wat son’s fleet can proceed to Spain. Dewey is fully able to conquer Camara, should he proceed to Manila. A correspondent at Santiago tele graphs that an expedition is being fitted out for an attack on Havana, and that Sampson’s fleet will proceed there immediately after operations at Santiago are concluded. A hunt throughout the West Indies will soon be made by American war ships. The object is to destroy or capture whatever Spanish warships may be scattered through the little coves on the Cuban coast. It is rumored at Old Point Comfort that one of the batteries of the United States artillery, which recently left Fort Monroe, was fired upon by a battleship through mistake, and all save six were killed. The massacre is said to have taken place near Santiago. Refugees report that the French consul at Santiago, with 700 men, women and children under the protec tion of his flag, left the city to seek refuge. The party was, fired upon by the Spanish outpost, and two women, one of them the consul’s daughter, wounded. Reports made public from Santiago say that during battle the Spaniards constantly fired upon the American wounded as they were being carried off the battlefield. Men who were under the protection of the Red Cross were shot down without the slightest com punction by Spanish riflemen. A minister, after the cabinet meet ing at Madrid, declared that if Ad miral Cervera had succeeded in escap ing, the Spaniards would have sued for peace. But, he added, in view of the destruction of the Spanish fleet, the war must be continued, lest Spain be accused of cowardice or fear. A special dispatch from Rome says the Pope is profoundly dejected at the fresh disaster a) Spain. The dispatch adds that several cardinals strongly urge His Holiness to make another at tempt to arrange peace between Spain and the United States, but the pontiff declares the failure of his first inter vention was so complete that he can not reinitiate the movement. A recent “official" dispatch from Madrid sayi In regard to the prospect of the escape of the Spanish ships: “Moreover, Admiral Cervera’s squad ron is faster than Admiral Sampson’s.” That is one of the truths eminating from Spanish sources. Cervera’s squadron is very fast—so fast, in fact, that it can not be broken loose from where it is stuck on the beach. Assistant Naval Constructor Richard P. Hobson of the flagship New York and the seven seamen who, with him, sailed the collier Merrimac into the channel of the harbor of Santiago de Cuba, on June 3 last, and sunk her there, were surrendered by the Span ish military authorities in exchange for prisoners captured by the Ameri can forces, and are now in the United States. A Spanish cabinet minister is quoted in an interview as saying that the present government of Spain will de vote itself solely to the defense of Spanish coasts, and that if negotiations for peace must be opened they will have to be conduoted by another gov ernment. The cabinet is of the opinion that the fleet of Admiral Camara should continue its voyage to the Philippine islands. Before the bold dash of Cerevra’s fleet out of the harbor of Santiago, the French consul asked the Spanish ad miral what would be the course of his fleet if Gen. Shatter succeeded in cap turing the town from the land side. Cebvera replied that Gen. Linares would undoubtedly burn the city, and that he himself would turn the guns of his fleet upon the town itself, regard less of friends or foes, and reduce San tiago to ashes. The Spanish version of the sinking of the warship Alfonso XIII is that she was chased by three American war ships while attempting to enter the port of Mariel, and that her command er purposely ran her ashore in order to avoid capture. The official report adds that the Americans fired 600 shells at the Alfonso XIII, and that the ship is a complete loss. It is further stated that the crew of the cruiser and “part of the cargo” were saved. The Calie, the official government organ at Rome, published a crushing article condemnatory of the Spanish government, and Senor Sagasta, the premier. The article describes Sagasta as a fool, says the United States is an instrument in the hands of providence which will not tolerate an internation al reign of iniquity. The newspaper considers the battle of Santiago the most important event of the century, and in positive terms says there is nothing left for Spain except to beg for peace. The capture of the Ladrones was marked by a ludicrous incident. The Charleston entered the harbor of Gua han and fired seven shots at the forts. The governor, thinking it was a sa lute, sent word that he regretted his inability to return it, as he was with put powder. When informed he was a prisoner of war he indignantly pro tested, saying that he had no idea that war had broken out. An American citizen residing in the town was ap pointed provisional governor of the Ladrones. The Spanish government permitted the printing of the following: “Gen. Blanco forwards dispatches saying that a terrible combat has taken place between the Spanish and American squadrons, with the result that six hundred menvof the crews of the Span ish ships engaged were killed. Among the dead are Admiral Villamil, Capt. Lazaga of the Oquendo, who committed suicide. Admiral Cervera, Capt. Con cas of the Infanta Maria Teresa and Capt Eulate of the Vizcaya are wound ed. The American sailors respected the rank of the prisoners, who exceed one thousand In number.” A Cavite dispatch says that the American troops have all been landed and are quartered at Cavite. Great in terest is felt in the possibility of the arrival of Spanish re-enforcements and the action of the Philippine insur gents. Dewey’s ships are now fully supplied with ammunition and ready for a fight when a Spanish fleet makes its appearance. The Monterey is ex pected to arrive by that time. Agul naldo’s forces are hammering the Spaniards steadily back. It is re ported that Aguinaldo has cut off the water supply of Manila. Gen. Anderson will send out a party soon to find out the exact situation. Few realize the rapidity with which the 'battle was fought off Santiago. An officer of the lowa, in a long technical description of the contest published in the New York Herald this morning, says: “Reckoning up the data of this memorable fight which it was our good fortune to take part in, we find that in less than twenty-five minutes two of their ships were wrecked; in leds than three-quarters of an hour the third surrendered; in fifty-six minutes frj>m the time the first dashing Span iard was sighted all hands were piped down, guns were secured, and our boats were in the water to save what was left of the Vizcaya crew.” An examination of the hulks of the destroyed Spanish cruisers shows con clusively that the Maine was not de stroyed by an iqternal explosion. The conditions of the hulls shows that an internal explosion forces all plates out ward and none upward, as was the case of the Maine. Naval experts are studying the wrecked vessels to settle many points that have been in dispute, and engineers are also figuring on what portion of the armament can be saved. On the vessels that were beached, the guns are practically as good as ever, and will be removed as soon as a wrecking outfit can be put at work. Few of the destroyed vessels can be floated on their own bottoms, but they will all yield considerable salvage. What are said to be the largest fruit plantations in the world are, according to a London horticultural paper, in Jamaica. They are owned and operated by an American company, the area of whose fruit farm is 44,000 acres. They own 28,000 acres, and the other 16,000 acres are held by them under lease. Their principal crops are bananas and cocoanuts, and last year they shipped 3,000,000 bunches of bananas and 5,- 000,OOtt cocoanuts, besides other fruits, to America and elsewhere, employing twelve steamers belonging to the com pany. * PACIFIC COAST NEWS Important Information Gathered Around the Coast. ITEMS OF GENERAL INTEREST. A iSnmmarjr of Lata Krentu That Are Boiled Dowd to Suit ear Busy Reader*. Louis R. Townsend, the oldest na tional guardsman in the state, died suddenly at San Francisco. The inspecting board of surgeons has commenced the removal of Camp Mer ritt to Camp Barrett, Fruitvale, near Oakland. The fusion forces of the San Fran cisco Populist convention are said to have won a victory at the election of delegates. The total assessment of taxable property In San Francisco is $351,784,- 094, an Increase of $3,829,264 over the figures of last year. A Are at Kern City destroyed prop erty valued at $75,000. Dynamite was used to blow up small buildings, and this helped to check the flames. Out of 3389 immigrants who landed at New York in April, 331 came to California. This was a larger number than any other one state received. The annual report of the business of the San Francisco sub-treasury shows the balance on hand on June 30, the end of the fiscal year, was $40,480,008. The steamer New England has ar rived at Seattle from the Klondyke. There are twenty miners on board with gold dust and drafts estimated at $200,000. < The Oceanic Steamship company re ports unusually heavy passenger traffic to Houolulu, and it is ; estimated the traffic will double now that the annex ation resolution has passed. James Pomplin, a recruit of the First Regiment Volunteers, was ar rested at Camp Merritt on the charge of embezzling SSOO. He admits having obtained the money, but by lawful transaction. The San Francisco chamber of com merce has sent a dispatch to Senator Perkins expressing its hope that the proposed appropriation of $60,000 for a telegraphic cable to the Faralone Islands would be secured. Capt. Lucius H. Turner left for Mare island to take charge of the Iroquois, formerly the tug Fearless. It is hinted that the Iroquois may be sent to Ma nila as a dispatch boat, as she is well adapted for that purpose. The Rio de Janeiro has arrived at San Francisco from Hong Kong with the ashes of Capt. Gridley of the flag ship Olympia. She also brought from Honolulu thirteen soldiers of the first expedition, who are physically dis qualified. + Three years ago John F. Waters, a jewelry salesman in Boston, made away with SIOOO worth of the firm’s goods. He has just been arrested at San Francisco, having just been re leased from imprisonment for deser tion from the United States army. The United States cruiser Philadel phia, which has been having an over hauling at Mare island, will be ready for sea in less than a week. It is said the work that has been done on her is of the hest description, and that noth ing has been left undone to make her perfect. California can boast of a railroad woman who makes Hetty Green take second place. The new road being built from Stockton to Summerville, known as the Stockton and Tuolumne County railroad, was conceived by Mrs. Annie Kline Rikert, and she is president of the company. The schooner Free Trade has re turned from its trip in search of a mountain of gold. Several wealthy Englishmen furnished money for the trip, and were deserted on Kodiak island by Captain Moore, the vessel be ing in his command. The seamen are unpaid, and will probably libel the schooner. The San Francisco Bulletin remarks that: “It seems just a little funny, the report that the convicts at Folsom prison fought manfully to spbdue the grass fire which lately threatened that institution. Doubtless they would have been much distressed had it burned up.” Probably they would—if the majority of them had happened to be locked inside. As the San Jose Mercury observes: “A drought in this state no longer means general failure of crops and dis tress for the people. Our crops are so varied and so extensive, and the use of water from mountain streams and valley wells is so prevalent, that it is only in restricted localities that failure is complete. In spite of the lack of moisture this will be a prosperous year for California.” At Camp Barrett 344 men were ex amined, of whom forty-two were re jected. Os these Co. Hos Redding lost seven out of 113; Co. I, Grass Valley, seventeen out of 110, and Co. C, Peta luma, seventeen out of ninety-eight examined. Ten companies are now ready to be mustered In. Gov. Budd has not yet appointed the line officers, and fears are expressed that he may substitute new men for some of those now In command. Warning is given by the San Jose Mercury that: “The season of field and mountain fires Is here, and camp ers can not be too careful. During the week there have been two fires in the mountains west and soutlf of this val ley, one near Wright’s station, and the other back of Saratoga, each destroy ing considerable timber and pasturage. Hundreds of thousands of dollars’ worth of timber is destroyed in this state every summer through the care lessness of campers, hunters and sheep and cattle men.” Private Hansen of Co. I, from Marysville, was run out of Camp Bar rett for expressing himself in uncom plimentary terms with regard to the United States government, the officers of the regiment, the foou supplied and other things which displeased him. He was arrested, stripped of uniform and d marched through the camp between ■ two guards, while the angry troopers shouted: “Ride him on a rail!" He was then escorted outside the camp limits and curtly dismissed. This is the first case of “flunking” in the Eighth regiment. GENERAL NEWS ITEHS Prince Bismarck favors the strict est neutrality for Germany in the His pano-American war. Three men were arrested at Buda Pesth for conspirng to take the life of the Emperor of Austria. The government’s report of the area and condition of wheat is indicative of a crop of 637,000,000 bushels. The administration is desirous of beginning the bombardments of the important coast cities of Spain. Dr. Cornelius Herz, who was con spicuously implicated in the Panama canal scandals, died at London. A warship was launched at Elewick, England, christened Fourth of July. It belongs to the Armstrongs, builders. The United States minister at Monte video, reports that the revolutionists have capitulated after two days of demonstration. Tom Sharkey, the sailor pugilist, through his manager, Tom O’Rourke, has issued a challenge to any heavy weight in the world. New Orleans sends the first bale of A the new cotton crop to be sold for the 1 benefit of the hospital fund. It will be " auctioned in New York. A A handsome sword was presented to % Gen. Grant by Mr. Cone of New York, on behalf of the New York Society Sons of the Revolution. It is believed that the Cristobal Colon, the Vizcaya and Oquendo can be saved|. Two wrecking vessels are already on the way to Santiago. The Pennsylvania Railroad company is considering the advisability of hav ing constructed 2000 large box icars, each with a capacity of 80,000 pounds. Disorder is spreading among the military at Madrid. The crowds in the streets are getting riotous, and every where signs are apparent that the pop ulation is arming for civil war. It is stated by the highest Spanish authority that Spain has ceded Yolo, in the Zulu islands, to Germany, who will maintain autonomy on the re mainder of the islands, under protec tion. The speech delivered by United States Ambassador Andrew D. White at the Fourth of July banquet at Leipsic has been printed widely in Germany, and is much commented upon. The latest business combine is an attempt to organize into a monopoly all the fish canning and kindred enter prises on th& Great Lakes. English capital is said to stand behind the . proposition. The ship Cromartyshire collided. f with the French steamer La Bour gogne off Sable island. The later sank with 600 people. Two hundred were saved. Only one woman survivor is among the saved. The navy department is already making arrangements to remove all the valuables of the Spanish fleet that can be saved. An agreement with the Merritt & Chapman Wrecking company was closed to undertake the salvage of as much property as possible from the wrecks. Returning from Burlington, Vt., where it participated in the celebration of the Fourth of July, the Forty-third regiment marched through Ottawa with the Stars and Stripes alongside the Union Jack. Officers and men were enthusiastic over their entertainment at Burlington. Admiral Dewey’s blockade of the Philippines threatens to create a cord age dearth throughout the civilized world. It has doubled the price of Ma nila rope and twine in this country, and by doubling the price of Manila hemp has made fortunes for manu facturers who had larse stocks in re servo. An order has just been sent to the Baldwin Locomotive works, Philadel phia, for sixty-five locomotives for the Manchurian railway, making a total of eighty Baldwins ordered for the Man churian railway within the last nine weeks, and a grand total of 138 Bald- * wins sold to Russian railways within six months. Senator Pettigrew introduced a reso lution in the senate, tendering the thanks of congress to Commodore Schley and his officers and men for Utai destruction of the Spanish fleet Santiago. “It was introduced,** he said, “to remove the erroneous impres sion that Sampson had won the most remarkable naval battle in the world. Hawaii is now a part of the United States. Without the least change in its provisions the Newland house reso lution was adopted in the senate b f the decisive vote of 42 to 21. No change is contemplated immediately in the existing order of affairs in the Islands. The functions of government will be observed, with the present officers re taining their positions until this com mission has reported. It is stated that a regiment of infantry and several batteries of heavy artillery will be sent from San Francisco to the islands at an early date. It may be said In general that the prospects for American trade with China are bright. Locomotives, ma chinery and mining plants have been largely imported during the past year. Manufacturers are taking occasion to be represented there by competent agents. It is believed that railroad supplies can be furnished from the United States at lower rates than from any other country. The era of railroad building has come for China, and the market is boundless. Day by day new ports are being opened to trade. The internal waters of China have been opened to steam naviga tion. A steamer has reached Chung King through the Yangtze gorges. If the autonomy of China is preserved there will be an immense development I of trade, in which the United States J will greatly share.