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MESA FREE PRESS.
•A. P. Shkwman. W. D. Morton. MORTON * SHKWMAN, Publishers. MESA errV, • - - - ARIZONA w ' "" '"" ' ——• Kitchener couldn’t have taken Fash oda more easily if it had been put up In gelatine capsills. As a sinker and raiser of ships Lieut. Hobson is ready to fill all orders with neatness and dispatch. Maybe those folks who broke Drey fus’ sword will finally illustrate the danger of fooling with edged tools. A reckless contemporary refers to Peruglnl as “Lillian Russell’s last hus band.” It’s safer to make it “latest.” If the Empress of China could act in that decisive way as a mother, she holds out interesting possibilities as a mother-in-law. The Madrid papers say that the Span ish could have whipped the Yankees had It been a long fight. But then, you know, it wasn’t. - No one need claim in the future that woman is the weaker vessel. A New York male actor has died from the effects of tight-lacing. A member of the Spanish cabinet Bays “war is science and capital.” It hi- very apparent, then, that from a Spanish point of view there was no war. The latest soda fountain drink In New York is called the “Fighting Ad miral.” It is said to be very effective after a fleet of “sphooners” has been sunk oh the Schley. A man under arrest down In New Jersey says that a trolley car would not hold all the wives he has married. And now they actually are talking about punishing that fellow further. A number of writers are rushing into the magazines In defense of the Cu bans. We have already spent several millions defending the Cubans. What they need now is a chance to earn an honest living A trade paper says that a corkscrew Intended for fishermen consists of two fishes carved in ivory with the cork screw In the center. But what possi ble connection can there be between a fisherman and a corkscrew? The young man who has come back from the far north and describes the Klondike as “one vast, measureless hell of frost, ice and snow” evidently has an imagination which would make him a most successful advertising agent for a circus. At the Paris Exposition of 1900 the United States will have two hundred and sixty-five thousand square feet of floor space—more than any other na tion except France herself. At the last exposition we occupied less than half as much space. But the United States has been growing. Eureka! Behold the Chinese climax! That indomitable old Dowager Em press demonstrates to the world how a band that rocked the cradle of two im perial dynasties may yet survive to grasp the scepter of the empire. But observe that she was blessed with an education. The extreme safety of railway travel la emphasized by the fact that during the past year but one person was killed tor every two millions carried. Next to a railway train, a thunderstorm seems the safest place to be in. Less than two hundred deaths occurred from lightning last year in the United States. Yet when a thunder-storm invaded their locality, doubtless most of the other sixty-five or seventy millions trembled. The railway system in the United States employs 36,000 locomotives, 26,- 000 passenger cars and 9,000 mail and baggage cars. These figures seem large till the number of freight cars is stated, which is 1,250,000. The system, with its gigantic equipment, Is practically the growth of a single generation. With the additions of another quarter or half a century posterity ought to stand and gaze at its stupendous proportions. But it will probably be gradually educated out of all its capacities of wonder, as we have been out of many of our own. The national debt of Spain is equiv alent to one-fifth of the whole wealth of the kingdom, or ninety-four dollars per capita. The annual interest is six dollars per capita. The debt of the United States is less than one-one-hun dred-and-flftieth of our wealth, and the interest is but fifty-three cents to each of our population. Our total valuation in 1890 was one thousand and thirty six dollars per capita; theirs only four hundred and sixty dollars. This means that the people of Spain are taxed on their debt alone nearly twelve times as high as we, with little more than two-fifths the means to pay. If we measure their burden by their financial strength, it is nearly thirty times as heavy as ours. Unhappy Spain, the victim of Incompetent and dishonest rulers, and of a cruel colonial policy which has exhausted its home re sources! An old colored servant once told Gen. Washington the secret of life In a few homely words. Said he: “Gin’ral, if you want a good night’s sleep, set up de night befo’.” In other words, if you desire keen senses and lively enjoy ment in the commonplace acts which constitute nine-tenths of life, stint yourself. Give every normal want a reasonable gratification only. Modera- tlon Is the golden mean between Indul gence and asceticism. A broad knowl edge and general application of econ omics constitutesthe science of living. To illustrate: If you stint your diet, such food as you do take will be receiv ed gratefully by a stomach which has accumulated surplus energy. Every or gan in the body will be eager and work hard for its supply of pabulum. Assim ilation is therefore improved. A satis fied stomach means a healthy liver, regular bowels, sound and resistant nerves, dreamless and refreshing sleep. Just the right amount of exercise means a healthy degree of fatigue, even distribution of blood and a relief of nervous tension predisposing to rest and. recuperation. Too much exercise causes active congestions and undue nervous exhaustion; too little exercise results in passive congestions and ac cumulative nervous irritability. One of the most interesting and im portant of recent contributions to the science of oceanography is the chart and paper recently presented to the Royal Society of London by Sir John Murray, naturalist to the famous Chal lenger expedition of 1873. The cele brated Scottish geographer and scien tist has spent many years in the prep aration of the chart he has now given to the world, and its practical utility is even greater than its scientific interest. It was made as a result of numerous sea surveys by himself and others, and shows the annual range of surface tem perature of the ocean for every two de grees square from the Arctic to the Antarctic circle. The value of such a chart will readily be recognized by sea men, though Mr. Murray concerns him self chiefly with the relation of marine temperature to biological phenomena. Every one knows that sea temperature is more uniform than that of the land, but it is somewhat surprising to learn from these charts that the mean daily range of temperature of the surface waters of the Atlantic is only .8 of a degree, and that it is probable that no where on the ocean is there a greater daily change average than 1 degree Fahrenheit, whereas on land a range of 91 degrees has been observed in South America in four hours. 4> ■ . Col. Theodore Roosevelt gave some good advice to the “rough riders” who fought under him at Santiago, before they were mustered out. “Don’t pose as heroes,” he said, “or lie on your laurels, because they wither. Be care ful of your conduct. The world will be kind for ten days, and then, in those cold words’ that the world is capable of speaking, it will declare you’re spoiled by going to the war.” Here is a good-humored recognition that mili tary glory is transient, especially in this country. War Is a rare episode in our national history. The duties chief ly exacted of Americans are those of peace—manliness in private lfie, integ rity in business, good citizenship. Af ter the Civil War the great majority of the volunteers who took part in it went back to their ordinary occupa tions. Foreign observers were amazed to see our great armies quickly dis solved into quiet citizens, pursuing peaceful work. But there were some, and among them soldiers who had been bravest, of whom their neighbors may well have said, to use Colonel Roose velt’s phrase, that they had been “spoiled” by the war. They had lost all desire for useful, but hum-drum, activities, and became dissipated and worthless. The war with Spain has taken into our armies only a small fraction of our citizens, compared with the number who enlisted In the civil war, but it will be a great thing if the soldiers who are mustered out take into the duties of civil life the courage, endurance and patriotism which have been shown by so many of them in the remarkable campaign just ended. A report of general interest and value in the economic world Is that of the department of labor in France, re cently issued. The report fills four good-sized volumes and treats exhaus tively upon several of the subjects covered by it. Perhaps the most sig niflcant bearing of the report is upon the Industrial condition of France In connection with its almost stationary population and the tendency of the latter, as In America, England. Ger many and Russia, to drift toward the cities. France, unlike Germany and most other European countries which are rapidly increasing in population, had only 38,450,000 in 1892. as com pared with 34,174,000 in IS4o—an in crease of only one-eighth. But in this interval of fifty-two years its miles of railway increased from 250 to 23,000 and the number of passengers carried upon them from 6,000,000 to 288,000,- 000. During the same period the num ber of letters and postal cards Increased from 147,000,000 to 1,850,000,000. The imports also increased about five-fold, its exports fourfold, and the yield of its Iron mines about sixfold, while the production of sugar increased about seventeenfold. This slackening of pop ulation and increase of production of all kinds in industry have had two great results. The French laborer re ceives more for his toil and lives bet ter proportionately than the laborer of fifty years ago. Thus in 1840-5 the daily wage in France, outside of Paris and its environs, was 41.4 cents for men and 20.4 cents for women. The tables show a gradual rise In wages until in 1891-3 men received on an aver age of 78 cents and women 43 cents per day. The relative inferiority of wo men’s wages remains, as in 1840, about one-half that of men. Even where wo men are employed side by side with men and do the same work they do not receive the same wages, showing that sex is the determining factor. Government Permission. German postofflce employes are not permitted to marry without the special permission of the government. PACIFIC COAST NEWS Important Information Gathered Around the Coast. * ITEMS OF GENERAL INTEREST. A Summary of Late Kventw That Are Boiled Down to Salt oar Busy Readera. The Southern Pacific issued checks aggregating nearly $900,000 as the first installment of its state, county and municipal taxes in California last week. The recanvass of the treasurer’s vote of Santa Clara county, requested by J. A. Lotz, who was defeated by one vote, finds an additional vote for Lotz, mak ing it a tie. John W. Hall of San Francisco, who was injured by stepping into an open water box on the Southern Pacific track at Redding, has been awarded SBSOO damages. Scarcity of water in the streams has made it difficult for the electric power plants at Sacramento to supply their customers. The recent rain, however, has probably averted danger. Attorney-General Fitzgerald has be gun suit in San Francisco against Wells, Fargo & Co. to compel the cor poration to pay the one-cent war tax on each bill of lading, instead of col lecting the amount from each shipper. Dawson preparing for winter shows piles of logs in front of houses for fuel, with fortunes being made by par ties bringing in glass and oil lamps. Butter sells at $2 per pound, and the price of other products is doubled. The Board of Regents of the Univer sity of California has bought a valua ble piece of property in San Francisco at a cost of $21,0,000. This is the last piece of realty owned by the Hunting ton-Hopkins Company, and was bought as an investment. A number of prominent Filipinos are registered at the Palace Hotel in San Francisco. They have come to the United States to present claims for damages, on property alleged to have been destroyed by American troops during the recent war. Amadeo Horace, a native of Chile, has been arrested in San Francisco. He has been traveling around the country under assumed names negotiating with all sorts of business concerns and con tracting for battleships, immense quan tities of wines and other commodities. The torpedo boat Davis, constructed at the Wolff and Zwicker Iron Works of Portland, was given her official trial trip on the Columbia river last week. Not only did the Davis make her official trial of two hours success ful, but she made an average speed of 23% knots per hour, a full knot in ex cess of requirements* The highbinders show contempt for the proclamation of the Chinese Con sul bidding them desist in their mur derous feud. The Consul’s proclama tion has been torn from the bulletin board in front of the Consulate, and in its place a placard referring to the Consul in uncomplimentary terms was posted, but quickly removed by attach es of the consulate. When occasionally some Chinaman in San Francisco kills another the pa pers of that city make a great noise about the “another highbinder war.” But murders equally atrocious are committed by white men in San Fran cisco nearly every week, without at tracting any particular attention. A great deal of bosh is written and pub lished about the highbinders, asserts the San Jose Mercury. A very patent fact is being brought out by all this dry weather scare says the Oakland Tribune, and that is that we must provide against such condi tions in future by means of a more complete system of irrigation. Our op portunities in that line are so many and the dangers attending drought so severe that it indeed looks like crimi nal negligence to allow vast streams of water to go to waste that may later on be badly needed. The building of mountain dams for the storage of wa ter is a work of necessity that should no longer be overlooked. So far this state has not suffered greatly from the dry season of 1897-98. Exports from San Francisco by sea for ten months, to October 31, were worth $29,173,000, a falling off from the pre vious year of only about $5,000,000. Shipments of deciduous fruits were only a few hundred cars less this year than last. There will be some defi ciency in prunes, raisins and other cured fruits, but the higher prices will more than compensate for smaller shipments. Southern California has sold the largest crop of citrus fruit 3 by nearly 50 per cent ever sent out of the section, and prices have been fairly good. The nut crop will be larger than last year, and the crop is being sold at a higher average range of prices and with much greater dispatch. Baldwin’s property in San Francisco and Los Angeles, with the exception of a small part of the Santa Anita ranch, is covered by a blanket mortgage, which calls for the payment of a debt of $1,625,000, with interest at 6% per cent a year, except that money loaned on property in the city of Los Angeles to bear 8 per cent a year. Os the Santa Anita ranch, 2276 acres are included in the mortgage and parts of the Rancho San Francisquito and the Mer ced ranch are also included in the list of securities, as well as all of Bald win’s holdings in the Santa Anita col ony and the town of El Monte. About $900,000 of the mortgage covers the Baldwin hotel property, and the opin ion is entertained that the site alone is wofth at least $500,000 over tho mortgage. The Oakland Exposition has a novel exhibit in the form of a consignment of adulterated foods, sent to Oakland by the San Francisco Board of Health. The exhibit is said to contain “well known brands of household supplies including maple syrup without any sugar in it, apple jelly made from starch, catsups in which poisonous acids were found, alleged olive oil 3 that were made from worse than cot ton seed, coffee that contained but lit tle if any coffee, and condensed milk in which not a trace of butter fat could be found.” Such an exhibit will not be without value, if it shall teach the peo ple who see it to exercise caution, as it no doubt will, in the selection of food. There is some reason to be lieve that some of the cheap food sold in this city would, if investigation were made, be found entitled to a place in the exhibit. ' A careful estimate of the loss by the Baldwin hotel fire places the total at $1,500,000, on which at the outside there was not over $150,000 insurance. The insurance, $50,000, carried on the hotel, was ridiculously small. The rea son for this lay in the high rate charged and the fact that the under writers did not care to carry a large line on such a building built of wood, with no brick dividing walls, and but one outside wall of brick. The Insur ance on the stocks of goods in the burned stores and their fittings amounts to $72,250. George A. Moss carried $22,800, Hyman & Myers, $30,500, Isaac Grant of the drug store, SSOOO, J. J. Groom, S3OOO, Moses A. Gunst Co., $10,000; J. Edlin, $3500 and smaller sums were carried by other tenants. The smoke and water dam age in tho adjoining building was $20,000, so that $150,000 will cover the insurance loss. FROM FOREIGN LANDS. A dispatch from Madrid says that the Spanish ministers deny that the Americans have offered Spain equal privileges in the Philippines. Robbers are having everything their own way in the outskirts of Havana. A reign of terror has resulted from the return to the city of 400 desperadoes who had been sent to Ceuta. A semi-official note issued at Madrid contains an appeal tp the Spaniards to furnish assistance to save the nation al credit, “if they do not wish foreign capital to be withdrawn from Spain.” The French government has ordered that Dreyfus be allowed to promenade and exercise six hours a day over an area of eight acres. It is not yet known whether he will be taken back to France.' Mme. Dreyfus has received a letter from her husband in his own hand writing. It is reported that the military governor of Paris and former Minister of War has ordered trial of Piquart by courtmartial for forgery. The armored cruiser Kaiser, flagship of the German squadron, commanded by Prince Henry of Prussia, which was recently ashore iff Kamsah bay, has arrived at Hong Kong with three holes in her bottom. She will be docked for repairs. A dispatch from Montevideo says: A number of officials have been arrested in connection with the acts of several raiding parties on the border. It is believed among the best informed hero that a revolutionary movement is im minent. The Italian government has sent an ultimatum of the Sultan of Morocco, on the subject of the detention and ill treatment of Italian proteges. A week has been given in which to reply, and the Italian warship Umbria will fetch the answer of the Sultan. Gen. Farrado, at Havana has de clined to accept the office made vacant by the resignation of €apt.-Gen. Blanco for the reason that he is eager to return to Europe to seek liberation of his son, who is a prisoner oi the in surgents in the Philippines. Blanco has been instructed to draw on Paris for $2,000,000 to be used in payment of Spanish troops. The au thorities are making every effort to complete the evacuation of Cuba by tho end of the year. Martinique has been selected as the point of rendezvous. Santiago celebrated its first Thanks giving since the American occupation. All the ships in the harbor were deco rated with bunting, and the officers entertained friends at dinner. The day was practically unobserved by the Cubans, except those employed in tho government offices. A dispatch from Altona, near Ham burg, says an umbrella maker of Og denburg, who boasted that he been chosen by lot to assassinate Em peror William, on the latter’s return from Palestine, has been sentenced to three years’ imprisonment after hav ing been convicted of lese majeste. A Budapest cablegram says a duel has been fought between the Minister of the Interior, Desiderius de Perzol, and Deputy Hotto, a member of the Independent party, as an outcome of the ministership election on November 22, in which the Deputy charged him self as insulted. The Minister of the Interior was seriously wounded in the forehead on the second assault. Startling confirmation of the reports of the preparations of the Carlist up risings in France was afforded by the seizure of army supplies which were about to be smuggled across the border into Spain from France. Many copies of the Carlist manifestoes were also seized. These manifestoes promise a full autonomous government to all Spanish provinces and the restoration of provicial rights. The Glasgow Herald says the Ameri can line has ordered six Atlantic twin screw liners, two of Hawthorne and Leslie of Newcastle and four of tho Clyde Bank Shipbuilding Company. It is added that they are intended for the Belgian-American service, and that they will fly the red streamer flag. The vessels to be built at Newcastle are, it appears, to be cargo boats, 520 feet long, and the other four are to bo passenger ships, 560 feet long. Europe’s political atmosphere looks stormy, but there will be no disturb ance, the St. Louis Globe-Democrat thinks. England is prepared for fight and France and Russia are not. Eng land will take Egypt even if she has to fight for it. This means that Egypt will belong to England before many weeks pass. Virtually Egypt has been British territory ever since 1882. This outcome ought to be satisfactory to Egypt. It will undoubtedly be sat isfactory to all the outside world ex cept France and Russia. GENERAL NEWS ITEMS News of the State, Nation and the World Also Interesting News Items of The War The President’s message is complete. It contains 60,000 words and is fully twice the usual size. The St. Paul Commercial club has presented a loving cup to Captain Sigs bee, in recognition of his senyce in the war. Max J. Lazer of New York has been convicted of smuggling about $60,000 worth of diamonds into the country. The diamonds are forfeited to the gov ernment. A man walked into the jewelry store of S. Tobias of Denver, and with a re volver forced the proprietor to give him thirty-four gold watches, worth about SSOO. Serious forest fires are raging among the Ozark mountains in Missouri, Men find it impossible to combat the flames, and the loss in property and stock will be enormous. General Blanco has resigned in order to avoid the disgrace of surrendering Cuba to the United States. In tho meantime he has harvested everything that was not spiked down. Great numbers of cattle, dipped ac cording to the new quarantine regula tions, have died during the recent cold spell in Oklahoma. Out of a herd of 500 dipped, five died in two days. The steamers Tampa and Arthur Orr are wrecked on the north shore of Lake Superior. The two vessels represent about $450,000 with their cargoes and they lie within nine miles of each other. Commodore Crowninshield, chief of the bureau of navigation, in his annual report to the secretary of the navy, recommends that the naval force be in creased to 20,000 men and 2500 appren tices. The Pullman Palace Car Company, through its attorneys, takes exceptions to the legal right of the Board of Rail road Commissioners to compel it to make annual reports of its operations in California. Archbishop Chappell, appointed by the Pope to represent the church in Porto Rico and Cuba has arrived in New York. He says he will aid in the organization of the Islands under American principles. Supposing it’s true this country drinks 1,000,000,000 gallons of beer an nually, it seems to support the argu ment that excessive use of this bever age tends to produce large figures, says the Philadelphia Times. The National Association of Mana gers of Newspaper Circulation has been organized in Detroit, Mich., the object being the advancement of the interests of the circulation department and interchange of ideas to that end. With Cuba, Porto Rico and the Philippines well-in hand, and the Spanish navy at the bottom of the ocean, your Uncle Sam can afford to maintain a calm, unruffled demeanor, no matter how mad the Dons may get. The locomotive boiler of a freight train blew up on a viaduct near Hamil ton, 0., hurling the engine into the air, wrecking twenty-three cars, tearing up a lot of track, killing the fireman and engineer and injuring two other train men. According to the St. Louis Repub lic the most densely ignorant people on earth have been found in the heart of India. The natives there speak of “Chicago, the Holy City,” because they heard the Congress of Religions was held in that town. Spain would better lop off the re mainder of her colonies, sell the United States one of the Carolines for a coal ing station, take the $20,000,00 offered for the Philippines, exile Weyler, Blan co and their associated looters, and be gin all over again. Star Pointer, the famous pacer, with the world’s record of 1:59%, was sold in%ew York to W. J. White of Cleve land, 0., for $19,000, S6OO less than he was sold for in 1897 to James A. Murphy of Chicago. Ten thousand peo ple were at the sale. The age requirement of naval ap prentices admitted to naval service has been changed from 14 to 15 years. Captain Dickens says that the average boy of 14 years is not sufficiently devel oped to pull an oar in heavy weather and go out on the yardarm. The electric light plant and the plan ing mills of the Citizens’ Water, Light and Fuel company of Oconto, Wis., burned, at a loss of $60,000. The insur ance on the light plant was only $lB,- 000, and it will probably not be rebuilt. This leaves the city in total darkness. The Kansas bank president who shot himself because of the collapse of the institution over which he presided set something of a new fashion, suggests the San Francisco Bulletin. Generally, in these little complications, it is the ruined depositor who commits suicide. The will of the late Edward Austin, of Boston, bequeaths $1,100,000 to pub lic uses. Harvard college will receive $500,000; the Masachusetts Institute of Technology, $400,000; Radcliffe College, $30,000; Roanoke College, $30,000, and the Tuskegee, Ala., Normal and Indus trial School, $30,000. The Commissioner of Internal Reve nue recommends a discount of 1 per cent to purchasers of SIOO,OOO or more instead of one-half per cent as at present; otherwise an Increase in the number of stamp deputies will be nec essary. Internal revenue stamps issued during the year amounted to $195,153,- 933. The total earnings of 101 railroads for the month of October aggregate $52,113,792, a gain of 5.1 per cent over the corresponding month a year ago, and comparing with a gain in Septem ber of this year of 6 per cent, in Au gust of 5 per cent and in July of 1 per cent over the corresponding months of 1897. It is said that the Maritime Canal Company will make a cla.m before congress that the Eyre-Cragln conces sions for the Nicara|sba caflß fyhull and void. This claim is based on the refusal of the Costa Rican government to authorize a concession to Eyre and Cragin similar to that given by Nica ragua. The gunboat Helena, which is on her way to join Admiral Dewey’s fleet in the Philippines, byway of the Mediter-| ranean sea and Suez Canal, has at Funchal, and will continue her long cruise without unnecessary delays. This is the second attempt made by this staunch little warship to join the Asiatic squadron. The great race horse, Ben 'Holliday, was put up at the horse sale at Lexing ton, Ky., last week. He was valued at $20,000 by his owner and consequently was not sold. Sidney Paget started him off at SSOOO. Lanky Bob brought $3500. Other horses in training sold cheap. The average of twenty-eight horses sold was S3OO. It has been found impracticable to occupy Cienfuegos before January 1, and Major-General Wilson has been di* rected to make the best possible dis position of the troops that were about to sail. Beside the 19,000 originally at Cienfuegos, many have been sent from Havana. No orders have been issued for embarkation of troops to Cuba. Philadelphia merchants have paid out this year to owners of foreign shipping over $3,600,000 for freight charges. Territorial expansion will in crease our trade, but the vast ship ments should be carried in American bottoms. Ocean commercial and ship ping supremacy is quite as important and vastly more profitable than naval supremacy. At Elsberry, Mo., robbers made an attempt to rob the Lincoln County bank. John W. Waters, the aged night watchman of the town, was found bound and gagged and nearly frozen. In the morning the bank officialsfound the vault doors open, but neither they nor experts from St. Louis have been able to open the safe, which is said to contain SIO,OOO. The report of the Attorney-General will contain a review of the operation of the national bankruptcy law of July 1, which permits persons to become 1 voluntary bankrupts. One thousand seven hundred petitions of involun tary bankruptcy have been filed, but as the involuntary features did not be come effective until November 1, it has been impossible to obtain data. Mayor Van Wyck of New York had directed the Board of Public Improve f ments to take prompt action on th< \ preliminary work for the constructioi l of a third bridge across the Bast River , the structure to cost $16,000,000. Tin > Mayor has frequently declared that next to the erection of new schooui he regarded the building of bridges over East River as the most important of public improvements. The Syracuse Post says: A Tennes see man with money in the bank drop ped into church one night last weak and heard the pastor pray for S3Q|O with which to pay off the church debit. The man went home, drew a check iai 1 the church’s favor for that amounit, signed and stamped It properly, and then blew out his brains. Now tlse church is rent over the question, wAs it an answer to prayer? Morton Hudson has just returned/to his home in Terra Haute, Ind., after spending over half a year in a Mexican jail. In February he and a friend Vrere on a prospecting tour near Toluca, Mex., when they were attacked by highwaymen, two of whom / were killed in the struggle which followed. The Americans gave themselves up, Hudson was thrown into Jail Arid has only now gained a trial and release. A statistician has learned \that the annual aggregate circulation of the pa pers of the world is calculated to be 12,000,000,000 copies. To grjasp any idea of this magnitude we may that it would cover no fewer than 10,- 450 square miles of surface; that it is printed on 781,250 tons of paper; and further, that if the number, 000, represented, instead of copies* sec onds, it would take over 333 years for them to elapse. News has reached here of tho wreck of the Norwegian bark Kafir, in mid- Atlantic ocean. The details as brought by survivors are harrowing. The men tell a frightful tale of disaster, which was attended by awful suffering from exposure and hunger. The Kafir cap sized in midocean in a gale. The crew of fifteen men clung to the vessel’s keel until a heavy sea washed them off. While they were struggling to regain the boat five men were drowned and five others were caught and eaten by sharks. The five survivors clung to the wreck and were finally picked up by a passing vessel. Prof. Taft Hatfield of the Northwest ern University of Chicago, has just been honored with an appointment on a committee of one hundred which is to arrange for the celebration in Stras burg on the 150th anniversary of the birth of Goethe. In connection with this celebration there will be the dedi cation of a Goethe monument, repre senting the cleberated poet as a boy. Three Americans have been honored with membership on the committee in token of their scholarship in the Ger man language and literature. These are Prof. Hatfield, Prof Francke of Harvard University and Prof. Horatio S. White of Cornell. The production of wolframite ores in Southern Arizona is becoming an in dustry of considerable importance. The mines are located in the Dragoon Mountains in Cochise county, and the first development was made but a few months ago. Speaking of them, the Arizona Republican says: “The Ariso na School of Mines at Tucson has re ceived through Prof. Blake the first consignment of a carload, thirty tons of crude wolframite ore from the Drag oon Mountains, Cochise county, for concentration preparatory to shipment to Philadelphia. Several shipments of a few tons of hand-sorted ore have al ready been made, but the bulk of th« production requires crushing and con centration, to free it of the quartz gangue. The milling process of tite Arizona School of Mines is becoming recognized by many men in a substan tial way, and that important branch of the university is fast becoming a leading department of the curriculum of the unversity.”