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MESA FREE PRESS.
A. P. SHKWMAN, Publisher. MBSA CITY, ARIZONA About the most dangerous place iaN a time of war is to be on the board of strategy. The greatest poet In Italy Is a fat man. He must have an income from some other source. A man is suing for divorce because his wife smokes Cigars. What relief would he ask If she smoked a pipe? Dr. Talmage preached a mighty good religion when he advocated the prac tice of cheerfulness as a regular daily habit. Ladies who take off their hats in the theater at the same time show that their consideration for others is on straight A French judge has declared that a man must be mad who writes poetry. However that may be, the editor he sends it to generally is. Many a man is not half as much affected by a salesgirl’s yelling “Cash!” as by the quieter, almost voiceless methods used in the household. There Is a young man in London so careful that in calling on his girl he always knocks, for fear if he came with a ring she might consider it a proposal. The Interior Department has taken steps to preserve Wind Cave, South Dakota, as a national park; possibly as a home for ex-members of the Senate. While two Ohio boys were hunting for a skunk the other day they found a bag of gold worth more than $2,000. The dispatch doesn’t say whether they got the skunk or not. A Pittsburg woman waited for twen ty years for a man. It often requires time and patience and great mental anxiety, but the dear creatures will have us, just the same. Four million bushels of peanuts are used annually In this country. In be half of the peanut it can be said that no successful adulteration of it has Vver yet been sprung upon the public. • American butter is rapidly crowding jQerman butter from the English mar ket If England could only be induced to take some genuine American corn leakes and “pone” to go with our butter, her gastronomic happiness would' be complete. I The close of the century finds many restrictions placed by International agreement upon the barbarous tenden cies of war. War is still with us, but 'its horrors are greatly mitigated by agreements that protect noncombatants and secure humane treatment to the wounded and prisoners. A survey of the century is, upon the whole, encour aging. Much remains to be done, but much also has been accomplished. Those people who have been laboring under the hallucination that large num bers of Canadians were only waiting a Jfavorable opportunity to shake off the British “yoke” will doubtless change their views when they learn that every employe of the Canadian Pacific, num bering about thirty thousand, sub ecribes half a day’s pay to the patriotic fund for the assistance of Canadian soldiers in South Africa and their fami lies. : For the past thirteen years the gov ernment has been erecting coast forti fications according to a general plan, devised by officers of the army, which will cost in the aggregate about one hundred and twenty-five million dol lars—the work to be spread over a se ries of years. Although the plan in its , [essential features was adopted, the work has not been carried on with the Intended rapidity. The Spanish war found the coast cities poorly fortified. Such fortifications as existed were in adequately provided with old-fashioned ammunition. The smoke from the powder would have defined the posi tion of the batteries to an enemy. The idea that the coast must bristle with jguns is offensive to most Americans. (The country has been defended in the past by its isolation, its non-interfer ence traditions, and its ships. Even now the completion of the coast de fenses is retarded by the opposition of navy men, who advise that the money Intended for such defenses be spent for ships rather than for forts. The expe rience of the Spanish war certainly justifies a good opinion of the defens ive value of modern shore batteries, since while our good ships were un able to harm seriously even very old and poorly equipped coast defenses, they easily made away with the ene my’s ships. Nor can it be longer as sumed that the policy of keeping out *of the quarrels of Europe secures the ’American coasts perpetually from at tack. Our “line of battle” is now ex tended over the whole world. Com mon prudence and ordinary Yankee foresight admonish that the system of defenses be completed at an early date. Julia Ward Howe’s remonstrance against society’s addiction to slang re vives the old question as to how much or little of that spice of speech is per mitted to mature tongues. On the face of it, slang, like scarlet fever, seems to be a phase of youth, and to have It wnen one is old Is to become the ob ject of a pity that is mingled with ridi cule. It is the youthful linguistic re bellion against law and conservatism, a kind of Bohemia for the tongue in which that member loves to revel. ' Among a small group of boys, search ing the other day for a suitable placej in a park in which to play ball, one; urchin announced with enthusiasm:: “Here’s a peachy place to play.” If; the boy had been describing the episode in an essay intended for the decorous eyes of a teacher he would have writ ten: “At last we discovered a most ap propriate place In which to play our game.” But “peachy” was the out-of door boy word, and it had a sort of tang to it that suggested youthful fer vor. But this kind of fruit is denied to maturity, and it Is to be hoped that New-Yorkers do not thus describe their social playgrounds, though they seem to be permitting themselves license of all kinds of late. One drawback to slang is that its meaning Is evanescent. | You may know what it is to be a | “chump” this year, but in a few months ■ the word may have lost its significance, j Another objection to the use of slang is j that it tends to impoverish language. A J few words seem to convey many Ideas. J Nice shades of meaning are lost. Dis-, crimination and taste are diminished. The youth’s vocabulary does not grow. On the whole, it is well to regard slang as a spice of speech to be used seldom. Yankee Ingenuity is proverbial, and j Is a trait of which New-Englanders ’ may fairly be proud. Nevertheless, there is one field of invention in which they do not shine—the invention of , proper names. This was often prac- j ticed in New England in old times. It has now become a distressingly popu lar habit in the West. Os course, it is easy to understand how a proud parent may think no name in all history, tra- ! dition or romance quite good enough j for her own particular baby; but that baby, when she grows up—it is almost invariably a she—will seldom thank j her parents for their effort to distin- j guisli her with something novel and original. Yet greatly daring parents, quite recently the records show', have afflicted innocent infants with the names of Venustine and Oriette; Ro villa, Syrenola and Zulea; Zinda, Lu ciline and Hyanthe; Doricianna and j Avelaura! The poor babies! And they | will not even have the satisfaction of commemorating great events, which may some day partially reconcile to their fate these young ladies, the Misses Deweytte-Olympia Jones, Phil ippina-Victoricia-Dewey Brown and Deweyline Manila Robinson! Indeed, the first two of this trio being of the colored race, whose taste in names is usually a little florid, may perhaps wear their honors as proudly as they were bestowed; but it would not be a rash prophet w'ho should venture to predict that little Dew'eyline Manila, by the time she has been plagued through the primary school, and called after in the grammar school, and laugh ed at through the high school, will, once she is fairly entered upon her teens, fall back on heri Initials and face a cold, hard world as plain Miss D. M. Robinson. For reasons not altogether Apparent from an American point of view, con siderable interest has recently been manifested in Congress in the Panama route for the inter-oceanic canal. It is easy enough to understand that the former promoters of the ill-fated enter prise which wrecked the reputation of nearly every one connected with it would be glad to have the United States take the big Panama ditch off their hands, but there are reasons in abund ance why this government should per severe in the Nicaragua scheme in pref erence. Senator Morgan, perhaps the best-informed man on this particular subject In the United States Senate, is in favor of going ahead with the Nica ragua canal without w r aiting for the report of the commission now consider ing and looking into the Panama route. Among other reasons the Alabama Sen ator offers for preferring the more northern route is one that ought to have great weight. In his report on the strategic relations of the canal Senator Morgan puts the case very clearly and briefly in these words: “If after w'e had constructed a canal at Panama these republics (Costa Rica and Nicara gua), backed by the other Central American States, or by other countries, should open a ship canal over this route, they would cut our line of com- 1 munication on both sides of the isth mus with a shorter line to our coasts, and, in the military sense, would inter pose between us and our base of opera tions. That such a condition would bei embarrassing is the mildest form in w'lilch to speak of a situation that; would be itnolerable and perilous in the highest degree. If there are to be tw’o canals across the isthmus in corn ing time, one of them must be a canal under American control, and it is in dispensable to our safety that it should be located on the Nicaragua route.” An Empress Who Wrestles. The Empress Dowager of China Is described by an English lady, who has ; spent the greater part of her life in the Celestial Empire, as a much more re markable woman than most Europeans suppose. She is an ardent painter, and her pictures are said to be admirable specimens of Chinese art. Strange as it may seem, her Majesty is also said to be fond of wrestling, and frequently • indulges in this rather virile form of exercise. She is well read, Is fond of : European music, and has some skill as, a pianist. She is said both by her friends and enemies to be absolutely without any sense of fear, and, need-, less to say, her life has been attempted ’ an infinite number of times. Cultivation. Miss Blues-llaw kes (of Boston)—Chi-j cago is such an uncultivated com- I munity. Miss Brlskit (of Chicago)—Go on! I’ll bet Chicago’s got more acres in Pingree, potato patches than Boston’s got, twltr | overl—New York Puck. GENERAL NEWS HEMS The News of the state t Nation and the World HOST INTERESTING HAPPENINGS From Everywhere will be found In this Column. Items that Inter est Everybody Two fresh cases of bubonic plague have developed at Sydney, N. S. W. The general opinion of loyalists is that a strong force of British will be required, as a reverse would spread the rebellion. Northern Illinois and Indiana and Southern Wisconsin and Michigan, ex perienced the worst storm of the win ter las. w r eek. At Salt Lake J, T. Hammond was nominated for congress. The platform adopted was very short, nothing being said on the subjects of finance or ex pansion. Mrs. Frances M Wolcott has been granted a divorce from Senator Ed ward O. Wolcott of Colorado on the ground of desertion, and granted $7,500 per year alimony. Twenty stockmen and railroad em ployees were injured in a freight collis ion last week between two Illinois Central freight trains near Broadview a few miles out of West Chicago. Washington, March, 6. —General Cor bin today turned over to Mrs. Lawton, widow of the late Major General Law ton, the fund contributed by the people of the country. It amounted to $98,- 432.07. One of the incidents of the heated municipal campaign, at Omaha, was the tearing down and destroying of an American flag and the substitution therof of a red flag on a flagpole in Mayor Moore’s yard. Ti.e convention of the National Edi torial Association at New Orleans came to a close with the selection of Buffalo, N. Y. as the next meeting place. W. F. Parret of the Reporter, Waterloo, lowa, was elected president. Topeka Kan., March 6.—The rush of subscription orders for the Sheldon ed ition of the Topeka Capitol has broken all the records of the local postoffice the number of subscriptions received in the last wo days being upward of 60,- 000. The Louisville Commercial, the con trolling interest of which is said to have been owned by A. B. Dupont of Detroit and T. C. Dupont of Pittsburg, announces “the the ownership and con trol practically passed into the hands of the Republicans of Kentucky.” A dispatch to the Paris Temps from Copenhagen says it now appears cer tain that the Danish government will not accept any offer from America to acquire the Danish West Indies, the King and Premier Hoerring being op posed to the cession of the island. Cape Town, March 6. — Lucas Stein kamp, commanding the Boers is re ported marching on Carnavaron. It Is believed that Gordonia and Victoria West will rise. It is thought that the total number of men in arms will ex ceed 3,000. Union men in every machine shop in Chicago are on a strike. A general or der instructing them to drop their tools was issued today. It is considered practically certain that sympathetic strikes will follow, and that in Chica go alone 50,000 men will be out of work. An advance of % cent has been made in the price of print cloths. The Mill ing Committee of the manufacturers of Fall River, Mass., at its meeting to day decided to make the selling price of regular 28-inch, 64-645, 3%. All other goods controlled by the committee has advanced to the new basis. Auburn, Ind., March 6. —Ex-Presi- dent Harrison has been interviewed by many public men of Indiana in regard to the Boer-British war, and he minces no words in expressing his sympathy for the Boers, although he persistently refuses to be publicly quoted, lest his words embarrass the McKinley admin istration. The Orpheum Los Angeles, has this week an exceptionally fine programme The great Papinta, who is the especial delight of the Angeleaus, 13 prominent of course, and the other attractions are very much up to date, as may always be expected under the able management of J. Rush Bronson. Thursday—Papinta Matinee dad a special souvenir will be given to each lady who attends the theatre. Business men of Jaurez, Mex., held a mass meeting yesterday to petition President Diaz to abolish the free zone in Mexico, in which Jaurez is situated, and which is sixty miles in width, south of the Rio Grande. The mer chants contend that the free zone is detrimental to them, as well as to manufacturing interests. • The shipments of guns and ammuni tion to London Ky., is said by the Re publican State officials to be only for the purpose of equipping State Guard companies in that section and they pronounce as silly the stories that the Republican Governor, Taylor and other State officials are preparing to set up a government there in the event the courts decide against them. NEW YORK, March 7. —A dispatch to the Herald from Berlin says that Herr Fridtjof Nansen has been inter viewed there and speaking on the sub ject of his plans and the late and the late Andree, he said that he would leave Christiania on May 15 in order to carry out hydrological studies around Iceland for the Norwegian govern ment. A specially constructed vessel has been ordered for this voyage. It will be similar to the Fftim. but smal ler. The expedition will return in the autumn. Now It’s the Plague. CAPE TOWN, March 6. — A case of bubonic plague has developed on board a steamer from Rosario, Argentine Re public. The vessel has been quaran tined. Producers of “Sappho.” NEW YORK, March 5. —Police Mag istrate Mott tod held Olga Nether sole, Hamilton Revelle, Marcus Mayer and Theodore Moss for trial on a charge of presenting an immoral play, “Sap pho.” Bail was fixed at ssuo in each case. Hay-Pauncefote Treaty Favored. WASHINGTON, March 9.—The sen ate committe on foreign relations has ordered a favorable report on the Hay- Pauneeforte treaty, with the Davis amendment attached. The amendment gives the United States the privilege of fortifying the canal. Cannot Build on Quicksand. WASHINGTON, March s.—lt has been discovered that the site selected by the Nicaraguan canal commission for the great Ochoa dam across the San Juan rests on quicksand. The dam is the key to the Menocal project adopted by the commission and the discovery makes that route impossible. Rhodes at Capetown. CAPE TOWN, March 4—Cecil Rhodes is here and expects to sail for England Wednesday. It is reported that the Boer prisoners while on their way from Paardeberg, unsuccessfully attempted to escape from the train. Eleven hundred of Cronje’s men have been placed tempo rarily on board British steamers in Table bay. Five Thousand Men. LONDON, March 6.—Winston Church hill, describing the relief of Ladysmith in a dispatch published by the Morn ing Post, says: “It has been effected at a cost of upward of 5000 officers and men in an army only 25,000 strong.” Churchill points out that the Boers now hold Van Pass, but a majority of the Free Staters have ac companied the Transvaalers north ward. Sharkey and Fitzsimmons Sign Articles. NEW YORK, March 5. —Tom Sharkey and Bob Fitzsimmons signed articles of agreement today for a twenty-five round bout before the club offering the largest purse during the first week of August, the winner to take all the purse, Marquis of Queensbury rules to govern. Men and clubs are each to put up a forfeit of ssuoo. Bids for the fight wi.i be opened at 8 p. m., March 19, by Al. Smith, at the Hotel Delavan, this city, and the club offering the best in ducements will receive the award at that time. Cruisers Sent to Nicarauga. WASHINGTON, March s.—The Navy Department has finally taken notice of the threatening conditions in Central America. There is every reason to fear an early outbreak between Nicaragua and Costa Rica and two cruiser- have been dispatched to these countries to protect Americans and American in terests. The Navy Department today issued the following bulletin, regarding the situation: “The Detroit and Marblehead have been sent to Central America, one on each side of th* coast. INDEPENDENCE OR FIGHT. BRUSSELS, Marcl 5. Trans vaal agency here confirms the state ment that President Kruger is ready to conclude peace with Great Britain on the basis of independence of the 'two republics, and that otherwise the strug gle will continue to the bitter end. The agency believes that the Afri kander element in Cape Colony and Natal will rebel, rather than allow an nexation. STORMBERG EVACUATED. STERKSTROM, March s.—Stormberg was found evacuated when the British entered last right. Spain’s Grab. WASHINGTON March s.—Private information has been received in Wash ington by mail from Manila that about six months ago a German warship vis ited Sulu Islands, and an officer, or officers of the vessel endeavored to per suade the Sultan to declare himself and his possessions under the protec tion of the German crown. The sender of this information says the Sultan re jected the attempt to get him to repu diate his acknowledgement of Ameri can authority. While this report would hardly have received credence here a few weeks ago, the suspicion that Germany is be hind Spain’s attempt to regain the is lands of Sibutu and Cagayan Sulu, on the claim that thev were not trans ferred to the United States by the Paris treaty falls in closely with the new in formation. The man responsible for the statements concerning the visit of •the German warship to the Sulu group is described as thoroughly reliable. Peace Probable in Boer War. LONDON, March, 9.—lt was persist ently reported this afternoon that Kruger has made overtures to Salis bury for peace. His appeal is said to have been unofficial but included terms v. hich the Transvaal would accept. It is further stated that Salisbury replied, refusing to accept the terms, •vhich do ’■> t concede all the things the British asked even before the w r ar be gan. NtlfltjlUT lEWS Important Imformation Gatherea Around the Coast. ITEMS OF GENERAL INTEREST 4 Summary of Lata Events Tliat Are Boiled Down to Suit our Busy Readers Fresno is doing a great deal in the building line just now. Grass Velley is to have a new depot, complete in appointments. The Carson and Colorado railroad has been turned over to the new own ers the Southern Pacific Company. It is estimated that Spokane alone will send 200 men to Cape Nome this spring. The typewriter thief has commenced to operate in Oakland —girl or machine not stated. Since the breaking out of the plague 28,000 bags of Lousiana rice have been shipped from San Francisco to the Ha waiian Islands. No new cases of smallpox have de veloped recently at Truckee and the tow r n has recovered from the scare with which it w r as seized i% the early part of last week. Oregon now possesses some 35,000 Angora goats. The recent exhibit at Dallas has aroused fresh interest in their raising, and it is expected that the industry will be much enlarged in the next few years. The old missionary brig, Pitcairn, scheduled to sail on Saturday last from San Francisco, will be the first trader of this season to leave for Cape Nome. She carries about two hundred tons of freight and fifty pasengers. An agreemennt has recently been entered into by which the Christain Endeavor convention at Stockton, in May, will have entire control for one day of all departments of the Daily Record, the entire receipts to go to the society. A Bakersfield dispatch says a flowing oil well, which at intervales, gushes to a height of 10 feet, has been bored on the Eldorado tract at McKittrick in that county. Experienced oil men es timate the capacity of the well at 300 barrels daily. Chief of Police Sullivan has served warning on the Chinese of San Fran cisco, that, unless the highbinder war which was started anew Wednesday night is speedily brought to a close, steps w T ill be taken to drive the Chinese out of the city. Another new fruit-canning enterprise will begin operations in Fresno this coming season. According to the Re publican the plant will have a capa city of 100,000 cases, and the company expects to employ from 500 to 600 hands during the season. Another rich strike is reported to have been made on the shore of Nor ton sound, about midway between Nome and St. Michael, 40 miles from the latter port. The find was made in November on Poker creek, and caused a wdld exodus from St. Michael to the new diggings. The misunderstanding between the Oakland Ebell and the Library Trus tees with regard to the appointment of an architect for the Carnegie Library building has been adjusted and the Oakland Council has passed an ordi nace giving the trustees control of the construction of the building. The City Improvemnt Company of Bakersfield is preparing to lay the tracks for its projected electric road to Kern City as soon as the franchises have been secured. The entire material necssary for the building of the line has been purchased, and is now stored in San Francisco awaiting the favor able action of the Board of Trustees. At San Francisco crimes have again broken out. Last week Pon Gee and Low Soon prominent members of a firm of Chinese pork packers were shot down in front of their shop by four un known murderers who escaped through a dark alley after wounding a third member of the firm Leong Cheu. The murdered men stood exceptionally high in Chinatown. "Walter McGee, profesor of physical culture in the University of California has returned from the East, where he has been studying the physical culture work of various universities and col legs. Hearst Hall is to be moved to the campus during the summer months to be used as a gymnasium for the young women students, and the Har mon gymnasium is to be finished and equipped in time for the fall term. The Sierra, the California Monutain eering club, is especially considering just now, the problem of the big trees after Congress has passed resolutions authorizing their purchase. The par ties w'ho have obtained the bond on them have also purchased or obtained bonds on thousands of adjacent acres, and it is thought not likely that they wil sell except for a large advance on the SIOO,OOO of their bonds. The ques tion then is, will Congress appropriate the necessary funds? Members of the club are promising SIOO subscriptions if private purchase be found necessary and possible. The High School Building at Visalia having been pronounced wholly unsafe, th"e Board of Education has chosen to abandon it rather than to risk the lives of pupils. The various classes will be accommodated in other places until a new building can be erected on the site of the old one. By using material in the present building an architect of the city estimates that a substantial schoolhouse can be constructed for less than SIBOO. SAN FRANCSICO, March 6.—The two yeais’ trance of Miss Elida Wil bur of San Francisco ended today with the young woman’s death. In Febru ary, 1898, she was found unconscious in her room, wfith the gas turned on. Usu all restoratives were applied, but phy sicianssicans wer nuable to awake her proved unavailing. She died peacefully without recognizing anyone about her bedside. • The case attracted tke atten tion of the medical fraternity through out the country. According to the Bakersfield Califor-. nian, District Attorney Ahern of Kerij* county has just given an opinion of considerable importance, on the as sessment of personal property for • school purposes Hitherto such prop erty, v'hen not secured by real estate, has escaped taxation for these pur pose, and a heavy burden has fallen on the landowners in the impoverished, mountain districts. Attorney Ahern, however, after looking up the law in the matter, announces that it is the duty of the assessor to collect school taxes at the same time with other per sonal property taxes'. * The Norwegian steamer Leander, which has just reached San Francisco with a cargo of coal from Japan, will load with railroad material for the Si-*'' berian railroad. Her cargo will be about equally divided between Port Arthur and Vladivostok. She carries to the latter port two light-draugh*, stern-wheel steamers to convey the supplies on the upper Armoor river to railway construction gangs. The- 1 steamers are about completed at the shipyards of the Fulton Iron Works. They will be stowed in sections in the hold of the steamer, and be put to gether on the banks of the "Amoor. The first automobile of .the Kern Automobile Transportation Company will be running betweeh Bakersfield and Kern City within a week, accord ing to the Californian. It is expected overland from San Francisco. The first to arrive Saturday or Sunday, running machine, however, will be for exhibi tion purposes only. The automobile company has ordered a second, after the same pattern, to be built immedi ately, and this will be ready for use within sixty days. It is to seat six per sons. The pattern machine recently made the fifty-mile trip from Oakland to San Francisco in 2hrs. 17m., on 30 cents worth of gasoline. Sleaping-car Birth. FRESNO, March 5. —A ten-pound boy was born on the morning overlond train as the cars were descending the steep incline of the Tehachepi Moun tains at Caliente. The mother was Mrs. Frances Henry, who was accom panied by her husband, and they were traveling from Riverside to relatives at Selma this county. Fargo’s Wealth. SAN FRANCISCO, March s.—The will of Calvin F. Fargo, the retired liquor merchant, who died February 25, was filed for probate today. The estate left by the decedent is val ued at $750,000. Fargo was a bachelor over 80 years old at the time of his death, and came to this State for the benefit of his health in 1849. He engaged in the wholesale liquor traffic in this cit and amassed a fortune. His will was executed February 14, 1896. The testator declares that he was never married, but in the event that some w~ -*• - may prove or be ad judged to have bee., his wife, he pro vides that she shall be paid SSO. The bulk of his estate is bequeathed to rel atives and friends. LOADING WHEAT. TO ESCAPE TAXATION. SAN FRANCISCO, March 5. Dur ing past forty-eight hours the load ing of wheat on the British ships in this city and Port Costa has been rushed with phenomenal speed. In all eighteen vessels, carrying an aggregate of over 50,000 tons, have received all or nearly the whole of their cargos. The cause of the hurry in getting the grain on board, is said to be the fact that to day the owners must make a sworn statement of the amount they have on hand for the information of the as sessor. If on foreig vessels, the taxes on the amount mentioned, amounting to nearly SIO,OOO, cannot be collected in this State. Chinese Baby Baptised. FRESNO, March 6.—A Chinese boy baby, born of parents who are mem bers of the Congregational Mission, was baptized by Rev. L. M. Walters yesterday. It was the first baptism of the kind in this country. A Serpentine Boat. James Gresham of Brooklyn is pre paring to build the first of his serpen tine boats for the syndicate headed by . W. J. Arkell. It is expected that this type of boat will cross the ocean in less than -three days, driving itself like a screw through the water at the rate of sixty miles an hour, and it is the intention of the syn dicate to try to procure the contract for carrying the trans-Atlantic mails. Mr. Gresham believes his boat, which is to be built at Newport News, will be ready for her trial spin in about six months. The Gresham boat will probably be the strangest looking craft that ever sailed the seas. It will look more like a sea serpent than anything else, with a body like an elongated Rugby foot ball and a prow and stern curved up into air like the ends of an ancient gal ley. Around the body will be the big spiral flange which is to give it its forward motion as the outer shell of the ship revolves rapidly. Three thousand acres have been planted.in bets at Los Algmitos.