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EOSTTXa P HAULS. Fae Gem Varr reatly ta Sime, Saapa Qaallty When the pearls are taken from the dead fish they are first sorted accord ing to size. This is dune by passing them through a set of ten small brass sieves, called baskets, with meshes of varying sizes. Pearls of the first class that are perfect both in sphericity and In luster are called ani. Those of the second class, that to the average ob server seem equally without flaw, are anJtarl, and most of the pearls we see In the west and on general sale come under this head. Of the third class, call masaukn, are those that are somewhat irregular In shape and a trlfie off In color, but that are valuable for use In clusters and are largely used by eastern artificers in mountings of various sorts. Knral is the double of twinned pearl, which, when of good luster and sufficiently freakish shape. Is sometimes enormously valuable. In this class the most wonderful speci men on record is the great Southern Cross pearl, which is in reality nine pearls naturally grown together and forming a perfect cross an inch and a half long. It was found off the coast of Western Australia In 1S74. Many seed pearls and rejections, called tí divu, are.-generally ground into -ichuna m, and used as an ingredient in a favorite sweetmeat. From China also comes a heavy demand for Beed pearls, and In India bushels of tbem literally are used In the decoration of idola and sacred Images and of weapons as welL Everybody's. KtrroniKn la Callares. A nervous child is greatly to be pitied, not so much because of Its pres ent condition, although that is distress ing enough, as on account" of what the future has in store for It. A nervous child suffers, no doubt It Is peevish, easily frightened, restless, inattentive, incapable of entering with enjoyment into the sports of its ccái pani-ons, soon tires of its games, and is often quarrelsome. But it is in adult life that the real suffering comes. In effective work, Bleepless nights, racking headaches, the formation of drug ha bits, alcoholism, early physical break down and even Insanity are the dan gers to be dreaded for the future of some fortunately not all children with weak and unstable nervous sys tems. There is always a cause for this nervous condition In children, and the cause can often be removed if It can be discovered. Heredity doubtless plays an important part In many cases, but not bo often as is commonly believed, and even when there Is an Inherited taint, other factors which perpetuate or increase the trouble almost always exist, and can often be overcome. A careful examination of a nervous child will usually bring to light some physi cal defect, the curing of which will free the nervous system from strain. These physical defects may be any where in the body, but are usually found In one or more of three locations the eyes, the throat and the bowels. The eyes are most lutimately con nected with the brain; Indeed, they may be said to be actually part of the brain, and a defect of vision Inflicts constant and innumerable blows on the brain which Irritate it, ami this Irri tation is transmitted to the entire nervous system. The eyes of a nervous child, should be examined aud- specta cles worn if called for. "What a pity to put glasses on a child!" Yes. but what a greater pity to let a nervous child grow up into a nervous man. A child who is a month-breather is almost sure to have enlarged tonsils or adenoids. This condition Interferes with natural breathing, which prevents the proper aeration of the blood; and Impure blood cannot properly nourish the nerve-cells. Further, enlarged ton sils or adenoids are often slightly in flamed all the time, which causes the absorption of septic products which poison the whole system. Finally, constipation Is a most po tent Influence In the causation of all anrts of nervous trouble. The treat ment of this condition, not at all un common in children. In spite of their activity, does not consist in an occa sional dose of castor-oil. The root of the evil must be sought, and it must be corrected by a careful regimen and the Inculcating of habits of regular ity. How long after marriage does the average wife begin to find fault with her husband's table manners? Cooks may come and cooks may gt tat the eating bablt goes on foreras. Aaeleat Aarricaltare. Why agriculture, the first Industry to be learned and so obviously the most fundamental, was the last to be de veloped Is one of the most baffling mys teries of history. One marvels at it afresh as one stands before a certain glass case in the Egyptian quarter of the British Museum, wherein is a lit tle group of farm utensils a fractured wooden plow; a rusted sickle, two sticks tied together with a leathern thong and several tasseis that had hung on the horns of oxen. To be sure, these implements were used 3.000 years ago they were found in the tomb of Set! I. but one remembers that when Egypt was using these bread tools, no better than those of the barbarians about her, she had a most elaborate government, an army and navy and art. and literature. The records and relics of other na tions down through history show the same strange Incongruity. For thou sands of years the wise men of the world absolutely Ignored the problems of the farm. A farmer remained either a serf or a tenant He was a stolid drudge "brother to the ox." Even the masterful old pilgrim fathers had no plows at all nothing but hoes and sharp sticks for the first twelve years of their pioneering. And tbeefore for thousands of years there was hunger. Journal of Agriculture. . si After a test of milking machines for a period of more than a year. Prof. A. L. Haeckcr, of Nebraska, has made several conclusions. Heifers In ' their first lactation, apparently give better results by machine milking than do aged cows that have been accustomed to hand milking for one or more years. Some cows are not adapted to machine POPULAS BREEDS OF wtzr white YUlOOTTtCOCHAaDnCM PCKIN DUCKS One of the most popular breed", of chickens for general utility is the White Wyandotte. The birds of this strain are smaller than the Plymouth Rock, but are equally rapid growing. Good layers and fine market fowls. Pekln ducks excel all other breeds both for egjs and flesh. To raise ducks successfully and make a profit both from eggs and youug ducklings, th stock birds should be young as far as possible March hatched birds, and never more than two years old. The Light Brcfl&nas are the oldest and per haps the best known of the feather-legged chickens. Size is the quality that recommends this breed. Where large aud slowly maturing fowls are desired the Light Brahma has no superior. . milking. .Alternate hand and machine methods of milking have a detrimental effect upon the flow. Manipulation of the udder Is absolutely necessary in some Instances before all the milk can be drawn by the machine. One man operating one machine can milk about the same number of cows in an hour as one milking by hand. Two men operating four machines can practi cally do the work of three men milk ing by hand. Two operators with four machines milked twenty-four cows In an hour. It Is necessary to thoroughly wush and boll the milking machine parts after each usage In order to pro duce milk with as low bacterial con tent as that resulting from careful methods ' of band milking. Denver Field -and Farm. Lima- the Waaroa Box. I constructed a wagon bed Jack that is one of the handiest devices on the farm where there is ouly one man to put on or take off a grain rack or wagon box. The construction is very simple. Make a carpenters Jack, my a little stronger to suit yourself. Then bore a hole, b. In the center for a 2 lnca gas pipe to act aa a king bolt Then take a 4x4-lnch, S foot C inch long crosspiece and fasten It to the gas pipe. . and brace It with 4x4 Inch braces, a. The height Is S feet 0 Inch es and width 4 feet When taking off the grain bed place the Jack a little better than half way to the rear end, then remove the rear and off the wagon first and swing U OKI UAJt CAI HAKDLK XT. on N the Jack. Then put your weight on it and swing it off the wagon, placing a small Jack under the front cud. C. Z.,Rux, in Farm and Home. Daaaelloaa aaa Mllku - A Belgian investigator has been looking Into the correctness or Incor rectness of the somewhat popular be lief among farmers that dandelions In crease the yield of milk, and that in consequeuce they pre rather desirable forage than otherwise. Be claims that this belief Is incorrect and is founded wholly on the false analogy suggested by the milky juice of the dandelion. Furthermore, he asserts that dande lions in large numbers have a delete rious effect on the quality of butter and Is one among the causes which make It difficult to get butter of a fine flavor 'and good keeping qualities in spring and early summer. Hay which has large quantities of dandelions in it has a similar effect, he says, and he advises fanners to weed their pastures whenever it is practicable to do so. Reatrlctloa of Fertility. Prof. Splllman says it seldom paya to turn under n crop of cow peas in the green state. It is better practice to make hay of them, feed the hay and put the manure back on the land. As is the case with all legumes, the roots of the cow pea crop add a great deal of nltgrogen to the soil, and have a marked effect on fertility. If a heavy green crop of cow peas is plowed un der In the autumn it is best not to plant the land until the following spring. A very good plan for bringing up the fertility of a wornout field Is to sow rye in the foil, plow this under in the spring, harrow thoroughly, let the land lie a month, and then sow CHICKENS AUD DUCKS. rar. H- l2t WINNING UCMT MAHMfeCOCKRCUK MULCT cow peas. Cut the peas-for-hay and sow rye again. A few seasons of such treatment will restore fertility to the soil. Fortunately, both of these crops will grow on very poor land. Early Toaiatoea. A truck gardener tells that this Is the way he raised early tomatoes: He took a dry goods box 2 by 3 feet and 8 inches deep. In each corner of the box he set a pleec of 2-inch pipe, so that he could water the plants from the bottom, pouring in the water and letting it permeate through the soil, which was composed of a sandy loam put into the. box after the bottom had been covered to the depth of 3 Inches wlUwetr rotted and' sifted stable ma nure. The seeds were planted and lightly covered and the soil kept moist, but not wet In oue week after plant ing the green tops appeared, and In three weeks they were transplanted into a similar box, being set an inch deeper than they grew in the first box. They grew in the box in sheltered places for three weeks, when they were ready for the garden. la tae Fred Lot. Wheat bran Is preferable, howevei, because it Is less bulky. Cow pea and alfalfa Is an excelle.it substitute for wheat bran for the dairy cows. Corn makes fat while alfalfa is rich In flesh-forming and bone-building ma terials. In feeding pigs shorts or alfalfa beats wheat bran when used as one quarter of the ration. Hogs will not as a rule relish alfalfa hay In the winter cnlesa they have previously been matured on the young alfalfa. It la a mistake to believe that alfalfa la purely a fattening ration, especially for calves. On the contrary. It la growing ration. I 3PKO.UIJCT3 OF FLOKTDA. Ornase Not the Only Fralt Gro-T ta That State. Florida Is nearly as large as all New England, and of course there Is a gres diversity of employment, snys Outing In the northern counties corn, wheat oats, peaches, pears and apples, doml. nate; iu the center we find most of these products growing side by side with oranges, lemons, loquats. sweet po tatoes and cassava; and In the south' ern counties we are among pineapples, avocados and other strictly tropical fruits and vegetables. The trucking re gion Is therefore clot?y associated with orange growing and other citrus prod ucts. Ton cannot drive anywhere about San ford without coming upon yards that are filled with these golden fruits. Grape fruit hanging six inches in diameter aud In huge clusters bends Its trees over sometimes to the very soil. Peaches are as common as oranges and when you get- a little nearer the hilly or sloping lauds to the west large peach orchards stand In January and February bursting into bloom. . In March you will find a few ripe fruits. but the remarkable crop comes not ear lier than April and May. The mulberry fills up March and is the first one of the southern fruits to ripen. Yon wil find it everywhere; varieties . .4uat do not seem to have found any place In our northern gardens as yet The fruit Is from one to two Inches long and three-quarters of an inch in diameter. Nearly every bird in the heavens and every animal on the earth likes the mulberry, and for my part a" mulberry pie Is the only rival I have yet found for a blackberry pie. My whole being turns into a poem when I think of it. You should have Just pulp enough not to let the Juice run away and the pie show no signs of stinginess. "Does Mrs. Pecks husband com mand a good salary?" "He earns i good salary. She commands it" Boston. Transcript - "A case of love at first Ight, eh?' No, second sight ' The first time he caw her he didn't know she was an heiress." Boston Trauscrlpt .Green Smith asked me to forget my troubles this morning. Brown What for? Green He wanted me to listen to his. Chicago Dully News. "He Is going Into politics; he thinks he's a politician." "What does his wife think r "She's too much of lady to tell." Boston Traveler. Mrs. Wlggs John, what Is an ab solute vacuum? Wlggs An absolute vacuum, my dear, is something that exists only in your mind. Chicago Dally News. She (on the Atlantic liner) Did you observe the great appetite of that stout man at dinner? He Yes; ho must be what they call a stowaway. Sacred Heart Review. "In short, sir, we go In far too little for what Matthew. Arnold calls sweet ness and light" "I don't see that Sugar and Oil are the two biggest trusts we support." Life. 'Are there degrees of rank Jn the servants hall?" "To be sure. Maids who have charge of dogs won't asso ciate with maids who look after call dren." Louisville Courier-Journal. "Your glasses," she said, "have made a great difference In your ap pearance." "Do you think so?" he asked. "Yes. You look so intelligent with them on." Chicago Record-Her ald. "How do you know your husband Is not a good jioker player?" "Because,. answered young Mrs. Torklns, "no good poker player could be as popular as he is. with other poker players.." Washington Star. "This." remarked. Mr. Cane, "Is my photograph with my two Freuch poo dles. You recognize, ea?' I think so," said Miss Softc "You are the one with the hat on, are you not!" Philadelphia Hiqulrer. Master-rJohp ! Servant Y'es. sir. Master Be sure you tell me when It's o'clock. Servant Yes. sir. Muster Dont forget It I promised to meet my wife at 2:30, nd she'll be pro voked If I'm not there when she ar rives. Answers. At a party, while a young lady was playing with peculiar brilliancy of touch, a bystander bachelor exclaim ed: "I'd give the world for those fingers!" "Perhaps you might get the whole hand by asking." said the young lady's observant mamma. Philadel phia Inquirer. Gunner You cant get the best of those blamed baggage-smashers. I la beled my trunks "China" and thought they would handle v them with unusual care. Guyer And did thy? Gunner No, but blamed If they didn't ship the trunks all the way to-Shanghai and I havent seen them ajWe. Chi cago Dally News. SOMETHING FOE EVERYBODY An American company is successfully operating a mica mine near Kodarma, India, ia the East India railway, about 230 miles from Calcutta. Seven hund red hands are employed under a prac tical American mica man. Contracta have been let for Winni peg's new municipal electric powei plant to cost approximately $1,014,700. The Winnipeg Electric Railway Com lany has three times offered to sell Its Lac du Bonnet plant to the city. Preliminary work for the construc tion of India's large new steel plant near Kalimati station is making good headway. The plant on the Ramrana manganese property has proved to be of the highest value. A forty-five mile railway is already under construction. The output of the British shipbuild ing yards amounted in 1898 to only about 900,000 tons of merchant steatr vessels, or little more than half of the preceding twelve months. The number of British ships now laid up at hom and foreign ports is estimated at 1, 000,000 tons. John Brown was executed at Harp ers Ferry on Dec, 2, 1S59. It was short ly after 11 o'clock in the morning. Twc thousand Virginia soldiers were ranged around the scaffold when he wai brought from hts prison house and placed In a wagon which was to convej him to the scene of the execution. The curator of the museum at Brus sels has Just been pursuing an interest ing claim in the Belgian courts. Id May last Mme. Bourlant the widow ol an Egyptologist, offered to the museum two scarabs with inscriptions, whicb the lady claimed related to a voyage on the coast of Africa referred to by Hero dotus. The curator purchased the sca rabs for $2,000, and, as may be imag ined, they created a great deal of inter est In the learned world, the final Judg ment of which was that the Bo-called antiquities were forgeries. M. Capart, the curator, has sued the widow fot the return of the purchase price aud the courts have decided In his favor. From the War Department comes no tice of an Interesting relic formerly th property of President Lincoln. Upon the occasion of his memorable visit to Gettysburg the President cut with hli own hands a cane, which he afterward presented to his War Secretary, Edwla M. Stanton, by whom it was naturallj highly prtzed. This cane is now In the possession of Mr. Jahncke. president ol the Jahncke Navigation Company o) New Orleans, who married a grand daughter of Secretary Stanton. It hat a gold top with an engraved Inscrip tion, which was probably placed on ihe treasured souvenir by Secretarj Stanton. National Magazine. Few Swiss scholars have had a mor brilliant career than the new principal of the University of Lausanne. Dr. H. Charles Louis Blanc was born in Lau sanne, fifty years ago and began bts studies at one of the primary schools In the city. At ntneteen he took his d gree In science, afterward going, as so many Swiss scholars have done, to Ger- many, first to Stuttgart, then to the University of Frlbourg-en-Brlsgau, where he won his doctorate in philoso phy with honors. Since then be has made his mark as a zoologist, and now enjoys a European reputation. He has had a hand In research work and to superintending zoological museums in Switzerland and in Germany. There Is at present an interesting ex hibit in No. 6 tank at the Brighton Aquarium, says the London Globe. It 1 something like a dogfish, only much larger, while in the matter of sheet ugliness It stands unrivaled. Its tech- nlcal name is the toper shark. It is six feet long and weighs from eighty to ninety pounds, while its mouth looks large enough to take an elephant single handed. The shark came Into the pos session of the aquarium -In rather, a curious manner. A man named Lane of Brighton was fishing some two miles off the Palace pier with a long line, when he felt a vicious tug at his hook. He quickly "hauled in his slack," and then the toper came to light Mr. Lane at once hurried ashore and placed the toper In- his new home. There was recently Introduced in the House of Representatives a bill for the purchase of the house In Tenth street, Washington, In which Abraham Lin coln died on April 15, 1SG5. The bill proposes the acquisition of the two ad joining houses and the entire collection of the .Oldroyd relics of Lincoln, ol which there are some 3,000 pieces in the building. There Is also Included a library of a thousand volumes all relat-' lng to Lincoln and the civil war. In - one of the rooms Is a "black locust" rail split by Lincoln in 1S30, and taker from a fence around his old borne, and the walnut cradle in which his children ' were rocked. The bill contemplates the purchase also of the two adjoining buildings on each aide, with the under standing that both are to be torn down -and the ground beautified by lawns and shrubbery. The Oldroyd collection of Lincoln .relics Is the largest U Ue roriA.