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The Holbrook news. (Holbrook, Navajo County [Ariz.]) 1909-1923, May 14, 1909, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn95060791/1909-05-14/ed-1/seq-3/

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Fae Gem Varr reatly ta Sime,
Saapa Qaallty
When the pearls are taken from the
dead fish they are first sorted accord
ing to size. This is dune by passing
them through a set of ten small brass
sieves, called baskets, with meshes of
varying sizes. Pearls of the first class
that are perfect both in sphericity and
In luster are called ani. Those of the
second class, that to the average ob
server seem equally without flaw, are
anJtarl, and most of the pearls we see
In the west and on general sale come
under this head. Of the third class,
call masaukn, are those that are
somewhat irregular In shape and a
trlfie off In color, but that are valuable
for use In clusters and are largely
used by eastern artificers in mountings
of various sorts. Knral is the double
of twinned pearl, which, when of good
luster and sufficiently freakish shape.
Is sometimes enormously valuable. In
this class the most wonderful speci
men on record is the great Southern
Cross pearl, which is in reality nine
pearls naturally grown together and
forming a perfect cross an inch and a
half long. It was found off the coast
of Western Australia In 1S74. Many
seed pearls and rejections, called tí
divu, are.-generally ground into -ichuna
m, and used as an ingredient in a
favorite sweetmeat. From China also
comes a heavy demand for Beed pearls,
and In India bushels of tbem literally
are used In the decoration of idola and
sacred Images and of weapons as welL
KtrroniKn la Callares.
A nervous child is greatly to be
pitied, not so much because of Its pres
ent condition, although that is distress
ing enough, as on account" of what the
future has in store for It.
A nervous child suffers, no doubt It
Is peevish, easily frightened, restless,
inattentive, incapable of entering with
enjoyment into the sports of its ccái
pani-ons, soon tires of its games, and is
often quarrelsome. But it is in adult
life that the real suffering comes. In
effective work, Bleepless nights, racking
headaches, the formation of drug ha
bits, alcoholism, early physical break
down and even Insanity are the dan
gers to be dreaded for the future of
some fortunately not all children
with weak and unstable nervous sys
There is always a cause for this
nervous condition In children, and the
cause can often be removed if It can be
discovered. Heredity doubtless plays
an important part In many cases, but
not bo often as is commonly believed,
and even when there Is an Inherited
taint, other factors which perpetuate
or increase the trouble almost always
exist, and can often be overcome. A
careful examination of a nervous child
will usually bring to light some physi
cal defect, the curing of which will
free the nervous system from strain.
These physical defects may be any
where in the body, but are usually
found In one or more of three locations
the eyes, the throat and the bowels.
The eyes are most lutimately con
nected with the brain; Indeed, they
may be said to be actually part of the
brain, and a defect of vision Inflicts
constant and innumerable blows on the
brain which Irritate it, ami this Irri
tation is transmitted to the entire
nervous system. The eyes of a nervous
child, should be examined aud- specta
cles worn if called for.
"What a pity to put glasses on a
child!" Yes. but what a greater pity
to let a nervous child grow up into
a nervous man.
A child who is a month-breather is
almost sure to have enlarged tonsils or
adenoids. This condition Interferes
with natural breathing, which prevents
the proper aeration of the blood; and
Impure blood cannot properly nourish
the nerve-cells. Further, enlarged ton
sils or adenoids are often slightly in
flamed all the time, which causes the
absorption of septic products which
poison the whole system.
Finally, constipation Is a most po
tent Influence In the causation of all
anrts of nervous trouble. The treat
ment of this condition, not at all un
common in children. In spite of their
activity, does not consist in an occa
sional dose of castor-oil. The root of
the evil must be sought, and it must
be corrected by a careful regimen and
the Inculcating of habits of regular
ity. How long after marriage does the
average wife begin to find fault with
her husband's table manners?
Cooks may come and cooks may gt
tat the eating bablt goes on foreras.
Aaeleat Aarricaltare.
Why agriculture, the first Industry
to be learned and so obviously the most
fundamental, was the last to be de
veloped Is one of the most baffling mys
teries of history. One marvels at it
afresh as one stands before a certain
glass case in the Egyptian quarter of
the British Museum, wherein is a lit
tle group of farm utensils a fractured
wooden plow; a rusted sickle, two
sticks tied together with a leathern
thong and several tasseis that had
hung on the horns of oxen. To be
sure, these implements were used 3.000
years ago they were found in the
tomb of Set! I. but one remembers
that when Egypt was using these
bread tools, no better than those of the
barbarians about her, she had a most
elaborate government, an army and
navy and art. and literature.
The records and relics of other na
tions down through history show the
same strange Incongruity. For thou
sands of years the wise men of the
world absolutely Ignored the problems
of the farm. A farmer remained either
a serf or a tenant He was a stolid
drudge "brother to the ox." Even the
masterful old pilgrim fathers had no
plows at all nothing but hoes and
sharp sticks for the first twelve years
of their pioneering. And tbeefore for
thousands of years there was hunger.
Journal of Agriculture. .
After a test of milking machines for
a period of more than a year. Prof.
A. L. Haeckcr, of Nebraska, has made
several conclusions. Heifers In ' their
first lactation, apparently give better
results by machine milking than do
aged cows that have been accustomed
to hand milking for one or more years.
Some cows are not adapted to machine
wtzr white
One of the most popular breed", of chickens for general utility is the
White Wyandotte. The birds of this strain are smaller than the Plymouth
Rock, but are equally rapid growing. Good layers and fine market fowls.
Pekln ducks excel all other breeds both for egjs and flesh. To raise ducks
successfully and make a profit both from eggs and youug ducklings, th
stock birds should be young as far as possible March hatched birds, and
never more than two years old. The Light Brcfl&nas are the oldest and per
haps the best known of the feather-legged chickens. Size is the quality
that recommends this breed. Where large aud slowly maturing fowls are
desired the Light Brahma has no superior. .
milking. .Alternate hand and machine
methods of milking have a detrimental
effect upon the flow. Manipulation of
the udder Is absolutely necessary in
some Instances before all the milk can
be drawn by the machine. One man
operating one machine can milk about
the same number of cows in an hour
as one milking by hand. Two men
operating four machines can practi
cally do the work of three men milk
ing by hand. Two operators with four
machines milked twenty-four cows In
an hour. It Is necessary to thoroughly
wush and boll the milking machine
parts after each usage In order to pro
duce milk with as low bacterial con
tent as that resulting from careful
methods ' of band milking. Denver
Field -and Farm.
Lima- the Waaroa Box.
I constructed a wagon bed Jack that
is one of the handiest devices on the
farm where there is ouly one man to
put on or take off a grain rack or
wagon box. The construction is very
simple. Make a carpenters Jack, my
a little stronger to suit yourself. Then
bore a hole, b. In the center for a 2
lnca gas pipe to act aa a king bolt
Then take a 4x4-lnch, S foot C inch
long crosspiece and fasten It to the
gas pipe. . and brace It with 4x4 Inch
braces, a. The height Is S feet 0 Inch
es and width 4 feet
When taking off the grain bed place
the Jack a little better than half way
to the rear end, then remove the rear
and off the wagon first and swing U
on N the Jack. Then put your weight
on it and swing it off the wagon,
placing a small Jack under the front
cud. C. Z.,Rux, in Farm and Home.
Daaaelloaa aaa Mllku -
A Belgian investigator has been
looking Into the correctness or Incor
rectness of the somewhat popular be
lief among farmers that dandelions In
crease the yield of milk, and that in
consequeuce they pre rather desirable
forage than otherwise. Be claims that
this belief Is incorrect and is founded
wholly on the false analogy suggested
by the milky juice of the dandelion.
Furthermore, he asserts that dande
lions in large numbers have a delete
rious effect on the quality of butter
and Is one among the causes which
make It difficult to get butter of a fine
flavor 'and good keeping qualities in
spring and early summer. Hay which
has large quantities of dandelions in
it has a similar effect, he says, and he
advises fanners to weed their pastures
whenever it is practicable to do so.
Reatrlctloa of Fertility.
Prof. Splllman says it seldom paya
to turn under n crop of cow peas in
the green state. It is better practice
to make hay of them, feed the hay
and put the manure back on the land.
As is the case with all legumes, the
roots of the cow pea crop add a great
deal of nltgrogen to the soil, and have
a marked effect on fertility. If a heavy
green crop of cow peas is plowed un
der In the autumn it is best not to
plant the land until the following
spring. A very good plan for bringing
up the fertility of a wornout field Is to
sow rye in the foil, plow this under
in the spring, harrow thoroughly, let
the land lie a month, and then sow
rar. H-
cow peas. Cut the peas-for-hay and
sow rye again. A few seasons of such
treatment will restore fertility to the
soil. Fortunately, both of these crops
will grow on very poor land.
Early Toaiatoea.
A truck gardener tells that this Is
the way he raised early tomatoes: He
took a dry goods box 2 by 3 feet and
8 inches deep. In each corner of the
box he set a pleec of 2-inch pipe, so
that he could water the plants from
the bottom, pouring in the water and
letting it permeate through the soil,
which was composed of a sandy loam
put into the. box after the bottom had
been covered to the depth of 3 Inches
wlUwetr rotted and' sifted stable ma
nure. The seeds were planted and
lightly covered and the soil kept moist,
but not wet In oue week after plant
ing the green tops appeared, and In
three weeks they were transplanted
into a similar box, being set an inch
deeper than they grew in the first box.
They grew in the box in sheltered
places for three weeks, when they
were ready for the garden.
la tae Fred Lot.
Wheat bran Is preferable, howevei,
because it Is less bulky.
Cow pea and alfalfa Is an excelle.it
substitute for wheat bran for the dairy
Corn makes fat while alfalfa is rich
In flesh-forming and bone-building ma
terials. In feeding pigs shorts or alfalfa
beats wheat bran when used as one
quarter of the ration.
Hogs will not as a rule relish alfalfa
hay In the winter cnlesa they have
previously been matured on the young
It la a mistake to believe that alfalfa
la purely a fattening ration, especially
for calves. On the contrary. It la
growing ration.
Ornase Not the Only Fralt Gro-T
ta That State.
Florida Is nearly as large as all New
England, and of course there Is a gres
diversity of employment, snys Outing
In the northern counties corn, wheat
oats, peaches, pears and apples, doml.
nate; iu the center we find most of
these products growing side by side
with oranges, lemons, loquats. sweet po
tatoes and cassava; and In the south'
ern counties we are among pineapples,
avocados and other strictly tropical
fruits and vegetables. The trucking re
gion Is therefore clot?y associated with
orange growing and other citrus prod
ucts. Ton cannot drive anywhere
about San ford without coming upon
yards that are filled with these golden
fruits. Grape fruit hanging six inches
in diameter aud In huge clusters bends
Its trees over sometimes to the very
soil. Peaches are as common as oranges
and when you get- a little nearer the
hilly or sloping lauds to the west large
peach orchards stand In January and
February bursting into bloom. . In
March you will find a few ripe fruits.
but the remarkable crop comes not ear
lier than April and May. The mulberry
fills up March and is the first one of
the southern fruits to ripen. Yon wil
find it everywhere; varieties . .4uat do
not seem to have found any place In
our northern gardens as yet The fruit
Is from one to two Inches long and
three-quarters of an inch in diameter.
Nearly every bird in the heavens and
every animal on the earth likes the
mulberry, and for my part a" mulberry
pie Is the only rival I have yet found
for a blackberry pie. My whole being
turns into a poem when I think of it.
You should have Just pulp enough not
to let the Juice run away and the pie
show no signs of stinginess.
"Does Mrs. Pecks husband com
mand a good salary?" "He earns i
good salary. She commands it"
Boston. Transcript -
"A case of love at first Ight, eh?'
No, second sight ' The first time he
caw her he didn't know she was an
heiress." Boston Trauscrlpt
.Green Smith asked me to forget my
troubles this morning. Brown What
for? Green He wanted me to listen
to his. Chicago Dully News.
"He Is going Into politics; he thinks
he's a politician." "What does his
wife think r "She's too much of
lady to tell." Boston Traveler.
Mrs. Wlggs John, what Is an ab
solute vacuum? Wlggs An absolute
vacuum, my dear, is something that
exists only in your mind. Chicago
Dally News.
She (on the Atlantic liner) Did
you observe the great appetite of that
stout man at dinner? He Yes; ho
must be what they call a stowaway.
Sacred Heart Review.
"In short, sir, we go In far too little
for what Matthew. Arnold calls sweet
ness and light" "I don't see that
Sugar and Oil are the two biggest
trusts we support." Life.
'Are there degrees of rank Jn the
servants hall?" "To be sure. Maids
who have charge of dogs won't asso
ciate with maids who look after call
dren." Louisville Courier-Journal.
"Your glasses," she said, "have
made a great difference In your ap
pearance." "Do you think so?" he
asked. "Yes. You look so intelligent
with them on." Chicago Record-Her
"How do you know your husband Is
not a good jioker player?" "Because,.
answered young Mrs. Torklns, "no
good poker player could be as popular
as he is. with other poker players.."
Washington Star.
"This." remarked. Mr. Cane, "Is my
photograph with my two Freuch poo
dles. You recognize, ea?' I think
so," said Miss Softc "You are the
one with the hat on, are you not!"
Philadelphia Hiqulrer.
Master-rJohp ! Servant Y'es. sir.
Master Be sure you tell me when It's
o'clock. Servant Yes. sir. Muster
Dont forget It I promised to meet
my wife at 2:30, nd she'll be pro
voked If I'm not there when she ar
rives. Answers.
At a party, while a young lady was
playing with peculiar brilliancy of
touch, a bystander bachelor exclaim
ed: "I'd give the world for those
fingers!" "Perhaps you might get the
whole hand by asking." said the young
lady's observant mamma. Philadel
phia Inquirer.
Gunner You cant get the best of
those blamed baggage-smashers. I la
beled my trunks "China" and thought
they would handle v them with unusual
care. Guyer And did thy? Gunner
No, but blamed If they didn't ship
the trunks all the way to-Shanghai
and I havent seen them ajWe. Chi
cago Dally News.
An American company is successfully
operating a mica mine near Kodarma,
India, ia the East India railway, about
230 miles from Calcutta. Seven hund
red hands are employed under a prac
tical American mica man.
Contracta have been let for Winni
peg's new municipal electric powei
plant to cost approximately $1,014,700.
The Winnipeg Electric Railway Com
lany has three times offered to sell
Its Lac du Bonnet plant to the city.
Preliminary work for the construc
tion of India's large new steel plant
near Kalimati station is making good
headway. The plant on the Ramrana
manganese property has proved to be
of the highest value. A forty-five mile
railway is already under construction.
The output of the British shipbuild
ing yards amounted in 1898 to only
about 900,000 tons of merchant steatr
vessels, or little more than half of the
preceding twelve months. The number
of British ships now laid up at hom
and foreign ports is estimated at 1,
000,000 tons.
John Brown was executed at Harp
ers Ferry on Dec, 2, 1S59. It was short
ly after 11 o'clock in the morning. Twc
thousand Virginia soldiers were ranged
around the scaffold when he wai
brought from hts prison house and
placed In a wagon which was to convej
him to the scene of the execution.
The curator of the museum at Brus
sels has Just been pursuing an interest
ing claim in the Belgian courts. Id
May last Mme. Bourlant the widow ol
an Egyptologist, offered to the museum
two scarabs with inscriptions, whicb
the lady claimed related to a voyage on
the coast of Africa referred to by Hero
dotus. The curator purchased the sca
rabs for $2,000, and, as may be imag
ined, they created a great deal of inter
est In the learned world, the final Judg
ment of which was that the Bo-called
antiquities were forgeries. M. Capart,
the curator, has sued the widow fot
the return of the purchase price aud
the courts have decided In his favor.
From the War Department comes no
tice of an Interesting relic formerly th
property of President Lincoln. Upon
the occasion of his memorable visit to
Gettysburg the President cut with hli
own hands a cane, which he afterward
presented to his War Secretary, Edwla
M. Stanton, by whom it was naturallj
highly prtzed. This cane is now In the
possession of Mr. Jahncke. president ol
the Jahncke Navigation Company o)
New Orleans, who married a grand
daughter of Secretary Stanton. It hat
a gold top with an engraved Inscrip
tion, which was probably placed on
ihe treasured souvenir by Secretarj
Stanton. National Magazine.
Few Swiss scholars have had a mor
brilliant career than the new principal
of the University of Lausanne. Dr. H.
Charles Louis Blanc was born in Lau
sanne, fifty years ago and began bts
studies at one of the primary schools
In the city. At ntneteen he took his d
gree In science, afterward going, as so
many Swiss scholars have done, to Ger-
many, first to Stuttgart, then to the
University of Frlbourg-en-Brlsgau,
where he won his doctorate in philoso
phy with honors. Since then be has
made his mark as a zoologist, and now
enjoys a European reputation. He has
had a hand In research work and to
superintending zoological museums in
Switzerland and in Germany.
There Is at present an interesting ex
hibit in No. 6 tank at the Brighton
Aquarium, says the London Globe. It 1
something like a dogfish, only much
larger, while in the matter of sheet
ugliness It stands unrivaled. Its tech-
nlcal name is the toper shark. It is
six feet long and weighs from eighty to
ninety pounds, while its mouth looks
large enough to take an elephant single
handed. The shark came Into the pos
session of the aquarium -In rather, a
curious manner. A man named Lane
of Brighton was fishing some two miles
off the Palace pier with a long line,
when he felt a vicious tug at his hook.
He quickly "hauled in his slack," and
then the toper came to light Mr. Lane
at once hurried ashore and placed the
toper In- his new home.
There was recently Introduced in the
House of Representatives a bill for the
purchase of the house In Tenth street,
Washington, In which Abraham Lin
coln died on April 15, 1SG5. The bill
proposes the acquisition of the two ad
joining houses and the entire collection
of the .Oldroyd relics of Lincoln, ol
which there are some 3,000 pieces in
the building. There Is also Included a
library of a thousand volumes all relat-'
lng to Lincoln and the civil war. In -
one of the rooms Is a "black locust"
rail split by Lincoln in 1S30, and taker
from a fence around his old borne, and
the walnut cradle in which his children '
were rocked. The bill contemplates the
purchase also of the two adjoining
buildings on each aide, with the under
standing that both are to be torn down -and
the ground beautified by lawns and
shrubbery. The Oldroyd collection of
Lincoln .relics Is the largest U Ue

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