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WHAT "MERCERIZED" MEAN.
"GIVE US LIBERTY OE GIVE US DEATH I BRAVE SEES HONOBESi k. PfwcH ( Imitative 3"k Dlare. ardrd fur Mkij Yeara. Mercerized cotton xs first intrr. duced aa a substitute for silk some ten or twelve years ago, although th process for making it was Invented about 1S40 by a celebrated Eng:isl dyer, John Mercer, the Craftsman sayy. He discovered that when cotton, eithei In cloth or yarn, was subjected fot a short time to the action of strong caustic alkali and then thoroughly washed the resulting material was much stronger than before, had shrunk Tery considerably and had a much greater affinity for dyestuffs. Mercer patented his discovery and made some ose of It In calico printing, but the process was nearly forgotten until. In 1889, It was discovered that by proper treatment cotton could by this mean be made so lustrous as to compare not unfavorably with silk. To make the cotton lustrous the goods, after dipping Into the strong alkali, are kept firmly stretched, and their strong tendency to shrink resisted, until the alkali has been thoroughly rinsed off and the last traces neutral ized with a little acid. If this Is done carefully, when finally dried the cotton fibers will be found drawn out smooth and lustrous, while still retaining thel' new qualities of strength and Increased dyeing power. To get good results It tills procesa the materials treated whether In yarn or cloth, must be made of the ' very best and ldngest stapled cotton, preferably Egyptian, and when well done the results are xtremely sal Is factory. The luster Is not as good at the rery best silk, but It is quite well marked, and for replacing, the cheat gradea of heavily weighted silks, as, foi Instance, for underwear, linings, etc, the mercerized goods- are of very great rala owing to their strength and dur ability, as well as their cheapness. Stria of Hilie-ap ta Africa. The efforts of American girls U beautify themselves are copiad throughout Africa, tut the standards of beauty differ. Most of the womet scar their bodies and many haTe great welts on their foreheads and cheeks marking the tribe to which they be long. In Central Africa multllatlon of the ears Is common. The Swahllls enlarge the holes in the lobes until they be come mere straps which will Inclose a . glass tumbler. These same girli hare holes all around the rims ol their ears, which they fill with roll of paper. The Masai women load down their ears with' Jewelry, fasten ing great weights to the holes in the lobes so that they are gradually pulled down until they flop against the shoulders. Great rings and plugs are worn in the lips by people In Germar East Africa.. The upper lip sometime? extends several Inches out over the mouth. In another African tribe bote men and women knock out the six front teeth of the lower Jaw. On the south side of Victoria Nyanza there are tribes where the women file their teeth sharp Ilka a saw, and the Bn ramas knock out two of the Incisors. lavla-oratlaa; Oklahoma Nlcata. It doesn't make any difference how hot the day may have been In Okla homa nor how still and sweltering the air may have seemed, for as soon as the sun goes down In the new State the breeze rises.. It coaies from nt mysterious source. It is simply the radiation of heat which will occur 1e any open country which la hot enough. At 6 o'clock the breeze will make your hatband whistle. At 8 11 will slap your tie in your face, and 11 yon are wearing a soft hat and glasses the brim of your hat will beat against the rim of your glasses and make deep red marks on your cheek. Bj 10 o'clock the breeze is no longer a breeze, but moans and whistles round the corners like a March zephyr In Missouri. And if you stay up until blood-red Aldebaran rises In the east and Vega dips low in the west the wind comes In enormous sighs like the Tery world must have been shaken tc give them vent. Oae Taina; He Coald Do. Green I'm looking for a plumber to do some work for me. Do you happen to know of one that does satisfactory work? Brown I know of one that I can guarantee to fill the bill : but I won't know bow satisfactory his work will Se. Made Her Wrtry. Little Helen Sister, that new beat of yours makes me tired. Elder Sister Why, dear? LltJte Helen He has the manner of a street-car conductor. When I went Into the parlor last night he sale "How old are you, little glrlf When a preacher begins to hint around that he has offers from other towns, it Is a sign that he Is working scheme to have his salary raised. When a man starts out with "I dont know that I deserve any credit for It," you ran depend on it that credit la Juat what he la seeking. UWiW of iuinoVT ,; IIp" S WviENTT CtHTURlta JA 1 . CiZ fT , r Chicago Journal. tlllll I IIM I 1 1 I I 1 1 I Her Independence j-M I 1 1 1 I t-n-m I 1 111 t IH I I h "If I wus a woman an' I had a man Ilia that I'd quit him cold." remarked Jim Holllday, as the farmer who had Just assisted his wife In her choice of a calico dress left the store. "I b'lleve In treatln a woman right" "Most fellers do afore they're mar ried," observed Sol Baker. "I'd like to get your wife's opinion o' you "bout ten years after you've swore to love an' cherish her. I don't mean the opin ion she gives out to the neighbors, but the prlvlt an strlckly conferdentlal klne that she keeps to ierse'f." "I never knowed a woman keep her opinion of her husband to herself not If she got mad emuff with him," said the storekeeper. "A woman ought to have some spunk." resumed Jim Holllday. "I tell ye, I'd quit him." "There's a many that ud quit if they knowed where they'd go with the young onea after they quit," said Baker. "What do you reckon a woman's goln' to do If she hain't got no money T' That's the p'lnt," said Washington Hancock. "Now you're a-gittln' at It. SoL Same time a man's got to be keer ful how he trusts "em with too much. Wlnimen are Jes' nachally reckless when they think they can be. Once you turn 'em loose or let 'em git loose, there ain't no doubt but they'll come nigh to rulnln' a man. "I knowed a case happened like that wunst" went on Hancock. "It was a warnln' to me. The feller's name wus Strode. Cambyses Strode. He wus a kinder hard-workln', savin an thrifty man, Cambyses wus, but wunst In a while a feller will git into financial troubles even If he ain't no epen'thrlft" That's so, sure ernuff," said Milt So wash, feelingly. "You bet! An you hain't the only jne. Milt," said Hancock. "I wusnt talkln about myse'f," said Sowash, Indignantly. "Cambyses worked early an late," Hancock resumed. "He Jes nachally had to. It wasnt only the mill an' the farm that kep' him busy; he had to put In a consld'able time around the bouse, too. If he hadn't bis wife would have cut ha'f the taters away peelln f 'em, an' she'd have used twlcet the loap an' starch that wus ness'ry for the washln'. She wua about the most wasteful, extravergant woman you ever ieen. Alius wantln Camb to buy her tuthln or ernuther this yer white rubber cloth for tables or granlteware disnea or new brooms or things like that she could have got along Jest aa wen without If her dress got a little faded or tore she'd want Camb to buy her a new one out of the butter money. One time she got the kid boughten mit tens. An' then If he'd have let her she'd have had fresh butcher meat twlcet or three times a week. Good sowbelly an taters an' corn bread an' merlassea wusnt good ernuff for her, seemed like. She cert'nly did need watchln. "Well, as I wus sayin. Camb got into financial troubles an Only he had to put everythln' In her name. He didn't say cochin' to her about It He wus kinder close-mouthed, anyway. He Jest had the transfers made an' then went on about the same as he alius did, 'ceptln' that when he wanted to sell a critter or suthln' he'd have to have her .sign the bill o' sale. She didn't know nothln' about bills o' sale. Camb would call her an' hand her a pen an' tell her to sign an' she'd sign. "FInerly there come a time when she took a notion that she wanted a new cook stove. She had a right good one that Camb's mother had given her for a weddln' present The oven wus a trifle burned out an' one or two o' 'X BUKOX YOU'lO. MAKE OUT TO USE IT A, FBW YKAKS lONGER." the lids had got broke an" there wus a crack or two acrost the top that Inter fered with the draft but It wus a right good stove, all the same, an' Camb put his foot right down. " 'Tou mix you up some salt an' ashes an' plaster up them cracks if you don't like them,' he says. 'As fur's the lids beln broke Is concerned, I don't see -why you can't keep a kittle on one hole all the time an' make the other lid do. Nex time I go to town I'll bring a piece o' sheet iron to put In the oven an' I reckon you'll make out to use It a few years longer.' "Well, she took on about It con s Id 'ruble. The more she thought about It the more she wanted a new stove and hated the Idee o' makln' out with the old one. FInerly. one day a neigh bor woman came in an Mrs. Strode told her all about it " 'Why don't you pluck up aperrlt an' git It anyway T says the neighbor woman, " 'What's the use o pluck In up sper rlt If you cua't pluck up no money T Bars Mrs. Strode. 'Strode wont sire " 'I heered that all the property win In your name. says the neighbor. 0' course If It hain't you caln't do noth ln', but if It Is I don't see nothln' to hender you from sellln' a cow or suth ln' an' buyln all the stoves or any thin' else you need.' "Me sell the stock T says Mrs. Strode.- 'Could 1Y "'Don't you sell It any way when there Is any sold? asked the woman. Tou signed the bill o' sale for the shotes we bought o you.' "Mrs. Strode studied awhile an' thea she says, 'I b'lleve you're right, an' here I've ben a-knucklln down tc Camb all these years an' stentln my se'f thickln' I couldn't help It I'll cert'nly show Camb a thing or two now. Hell see I've got sperrit all right, I bet you.' "All sure enough when Cambyses went out to the field the next mornln' she went out to the barns an' hitched up an' went to town thout saying a word to him an' took the kid with her. She stayed In all that day an' I dont know but what she'd have stayed longer if Cambyses badnt fin'ly got track of her. But by the time he got to her she'd done a plenty." "Sold some stock, did she?" chuckled Jim Holllday. "Well, she had figgered on sellln' some," said Hancock. "She allowed she'd sell ernuff to buy a $30 stove an' a new bunnit an a washln' machine an' a sewin' machine an' a silk dress an a sunshade an' a dozen cans o California peaches an a rubber plant for the settin' room winder an lace curtains for the same an' a pair o' kid shoes. But when she got to think In' it over she sort o' compromised an' bought four yards o' crash towelln', a lO-cent egg beater, a Mother Hub bard wrapper for 75 cents an' a pair o' stockln's and 5 cents' worth o stick candy for the kid." "An the stover asked Holllday. "No, she .didn't dast to go as far as the stove," replied Hancock. "The crock o" butter an the algs she took wouldn't have been ernuff anyway." Chicago Daily News. Dren Oa Hia Stereotyped Paraaea. A young Chicago drummer was tak ing a vacation with his uncle In the country, and was called upon to ask the blessing, aid not being accus tomed to it he promptly tackled the difficulty in the following words: "We acknowledge the receipt of your favor of this date. Allow us to extend our gratitude for this expression of good will. Trusting that our house may merit your confidence and have many orders from you this fall, we are your truly, amen." The old man will say grace hereafter. After putting his best toot forward many & man has had his leg pulled. A woman la somewhat of a fast ex presa unless she is tongue-tied. Pire Reealla the Deed of a Hero toe Whole Memory Waa Revered. The exciting scene enacted at the burning of an hotel at Aberavon. Eng land, the other day, when a domestic servant risked her own life and met with severe Injuries In saving a babe from a terrible death, recalls a similar but far more tragic case which stirred all England to pity and admiration some twenty-three years ago, says a London newspaper. The heroine of this latter episode was one Alice Ayres. She was em ployed as servant to a Mr. Chandler, who kept an oil and color shop In the borough. Fire broke out at dea J of nlsht, and In a few minutos the lower part of the house was a mass of flames. Mr. and Mrs. Chandler and one of their chil dren were suffocated and burned to death In their bedroom, although Alice ran down to try and rouse them. Her room was above theirs, on the third floor. In It beside herself, were the three other Chandler-children, the old est little more than a baby. The brave girl first threw out a bed, then dropped the little ones on It one at a time, al though she herself was burning all the while. Then she Jumped herself. Next day she lay dying In Guy's hos pital and a nation mourned. Queen Victoria sent one of her ladles In waiting especially to Inquire after her. Bulletins were issued hourly, as from the death chamber of a monarch. After death the hospital authorities refused to allow her body to be placed In the ordinary mortuary, but set aside a special room for it, which was soon nearly filled with floral emblems from all parts of the kingdom, estimated to be worth fully $5.000. Twelve Aro men bore her to her grave and more than 10.000 people attended the funer al in Isleworth cemetery, where Is a magnificent obelisk erected by public subscription In memory of 'the bravest deed that was ever done." SOME Iff AKHrFiD HESITATIONS. Only about one woman out of fifty cares for a genuinely clever man. and that one out of fifty usually looks like a wlnd-tcssed bird's nest When she cant possibly pick, any other physical flaw in the pretty wom an whose looks you praise she says: "But have ever noticed her per-fect-ly ee-nor-mous feet!" ' If you waut to see piety exemplified study the saintly expression of coun tenance your wife assumes when she goes to church on a Sunday morning and you stay at home reading the papers. The man whom your wife Is always holding up to you as a superior exam ple generally Is an Invertebrate male who is perpetually apologizing to a hatched faced spouse for things he hasn't done. When you see her kiss and hug her departing female caller, and then, when the caller has gone, turn to .you with a wry face and say, "Thank heaven, she's gone!" doesn't It sort of get you to guessing? If some Vives only understood that they merely held their husbands by the brittle thrall of everyday habit. In stead of by the enduring leash of love, they'd be a heap more solicitous for their future welfare. No husband who likes peace Is going to observe to his wlfe while she's en gaged In sizzling her hair with the curling irons, that It's funny ail wom en's hair isn't naturally wavy like that of a girl he once knew. A borax-hauling burro of the desert has It forty ways on the gelatine splned male biped, who, after committing In discretions with his eyes wide open, . blabs about them to his wife through what he calls a stricken conscience. The young woman whose Ideal of manly beauty Is the impossibly lovely lummox who Illustrates the clothing ttds of the House of Splookenbemer In the magazines generally marries some thing about as handsome as a string of dead catfish. A Pretty Kettle of Flan. When the patient called on his doc tor he found the good man in a state of great apprehension. "I've got all the symptoms of the disease you have," said the doctor. "I'm Bure I have caught It from you." ' "What are you so scared about?" asked the patient' "Why. man," replied the doctor, "I don't think I can cure It" Harper's Weekly. Homoroia Footpad. , Circassian Girl So you were held up, eh? Why didn't you ask the high wayman to spare you? Living Skeleton I did and he said. "Tou are spare enough." It is more blessed to give than It la to receive, but most of us are willing to let the other fellow have the bless ing. Lots of men know how they could get rich If other men wouldn't butt In. i