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THE HOLBROOK NEWS. HOL.BROOK. AltlZONA. APRIL 22, 1021.
HARDING SAYS LEAGUE IS DEAD CONGRESS URGED TO PASS EMER GENCY TARIFF BILL WITH OUT DELAY. ASKS IMMEDIATE PEACE STRICT ECONOMY IN GOVERN MENTAL EXPENSES URGED. Sa!1lat features of President Harclng-'s neiiave were t TAXATION Repeal of excess profits taxes and "abolition of Inequities and unjustlflnble exasperations in the present system." with n wiping; out rather than a shifting of bnr- drm. TARIFF "Instant" emergency tnriff lea-lslatlon to be followed by a "nmturfr" revision of the ' tariff on a protective basis which will protect American waice standards, industry and aa-ricaltnre. ' BUDGET Prompt enactment of the bodftet bill and Inaugu- ration of business methods In government. PRICES Existióte retail 1 prices of perishable foods can- not be justified in view of the decline in raw foodstuffs. A congressional investiaratlon Is suicKcsted. RAILROADS A congressional Investigation Is proposed. He declared for reduction of rates and operating costs and for CO operation of wage earners nnd the management In giving max Imum service. . HIGHWAYS Federal aid must be extended only under strict conditions as to maintenance and repair by states. MERCHANT MARINE Got- ernment enconrnKcmcnt but not operation of .shipping, revision of- the merchant marine law If found Inadequate, and co-ordi- nation of inland and ocean water enrrlers. COMMUNICATION Govern- ment encouragement to Amerl- can-owned nnd operated cable and radio service and prohibí- tlon of private monopolies. He also declared for lower rates on -g press matter. AVIATION Federal reguln- tlon of avlaton, creation of a ' bureau of aeronautics In the Navy Department and continua- tlon of the army air service both to aid in developing eom- mere lo I aviation and contlnua- tlon of the air mall service are advocated. 4 SOLDIER RELIEF Approval of recommendations for eombln- Ing all soldier relief agencies w- under one director general. & llsatlon of government hospl-J tal . facilities for relief of wounded service men. He also declared for a policy of "gener & ous gratitude" which should strengthen rather than weaken the moral fibre of the benefl- claries. DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WELFARE Creation of a De- partment of Public Welfare to promote social justice and the welfare of the eitisenry In the realms of industry, child wel- fare, recreation and elimination of social vice. The maternity ' bill in endorsed. LYNCHING Legislation urged to wipe out "the stain of bar- baric lynching." DISARMAMENT AND NA- TIONAL DEFENSE America Is ready to co-operate with other nations for approximate dis- armament, but prudence forbids that we disarm alone, and ngen- cies for defense will not be dls- carded until the need for de- fense Is' removed. Reasonable limitation of personnel and nd- minlstrative económica aw urged for the navy and for the army a further reduction of en- listed strength when compatible with national security, to be nc- componled by introduction of volunteer military training to be developed as a reserve force. 8 Washington, D. C. President Har din?, in one of the most important speeches made In years, touching upon many questions vital to the nation, ad' dressed Congress as follows: Members of the Congress : You have been called into extraordinary session to give your consideration to national problems far too pressing to be long neglected. We face our task of legislation and administration amid conditions as dif- ficult as our government has ever con- templated. Under our political system the peo ple of the United States have charged the new Congress and the new admin istration with the solution the read justment, reconstruction and restora tion which must follow in the wake of war.' It may be regretted that we were so illy prepared for war's aftermath, so little made ready to return to the ways of peace, but we are not to be discouraged. Indeed, we must be the tnore firmly resolved to undertake our work with high hope, and invite every factor in our citizenship to join In the effort to find our normal, onward way again. The American people have appraised the situation and with that tolerance and patience which go with under standing they will give to us the In fluence of deliberate public opinion which ultimately becomes the edict of any popular government. They are measuring some of the stern necessi ties and will join in the give-and-take which is so essential to firm re-establishment. First in mind must be the solution of our problems at home, even though some phases of them are Inseparably linked with our foreign relations. The urest procedure in every government is to put its own house in order. I know of no more pressing problem at home than to restrict our national expenditures within the limits of our national income, and at the same time measurably lift the burdens of war Twelve Families Homeless in Blaze. New York. One man was burned to death, a fire captain injured and twelve families are homeless as the re sult of a fire that destroyed four frame buildings in Brooklyn. Spectac ular rescues from the burning build ings made by police and firemen amazed a large crowd In the street. Policemen caused the throngs to gasp as they emerged from the smoke-filled lialls carrying women and children. taxation from the shoulders of the American people. Extravagance Menace to Nation One cannot be unmindful .that economy is a much employed cry most frequently stressed in pre-election ap peals, but it is ours to make it an out standing and ever impelling purpose in both legislation and administration, The unrestrained tendencies to heed less expenditure and the attending growth of public indebtedness, extend ing from federal authority to that of state and municipality and includin the smallest political subdivision, con stitute the most dangerous phase of government today. The nation cannot restrain except in its own activities, but it can be exemplar in a wholesome reversal. The staggering load of war debt must be cared for in orderly fund ing and gradual liquidation. We shall hasten the solution and aid effectively n lifting the tax burdens if we strike resolutely at expenditure. It is far more easily said than done. In the fever of war, our expendí - I tures were so little questioned, the 2 emergency was so impelling, appropri elation was so unimpeded that we little noted millions and counted the treas- 8 ury inexhaustible. It will strengthen our resolution if we ever keep in mind that a continuation of such a course means inevitable disaster. Our current exyeuuiLures are ruuuiug at me rate of approximately five billions a year and the burden is unbearable. There are two agencies to be employed In correction : One is rigid resistance in appropriation and the other is the ut most economy in administration. Let us have both. I have already charged department heads with this necessity. I am sure Congress will agree; and both Congress and the administration 4 may safely count on the support of all right minded citizens, because the bur den Is theirs. The pressure for ex penditure, swelling the flow in one lo ll, cality while draining another, Is sure & to defeat the imposing of just burdens T and the effect of our citizenship pro testing outlay will be wholesome and helpful. I wish it might find its re S flex in economy and thrift among the people themselves, because therein lies quicker recovery and added secur ity for the future. The estimates of receipts and ex penditures and the statements as to the condition of the treasury which the secretary of the treasury is prepared to present to you, will indicate what revenues must be provided in order to carry on the government s business and meet its current requirements and s fixed-debt charges. Unless there are striking cuts in the important fields of expenditure, receipts from internal taxes cannot safely be permitted to fall below $4,000,000,000 in the fiscal year 1922 and 1023. This would mean to tal internal tax collections of about one billion less than in 1920 and one half billion less than In 1921. Tax Adjustment Essential, . The most substantial relief from the tax burden must come for the pres ent from the readjustment of internal taxes, and- the revision or repeal of those taxes which have become unpro ductive and are so artificial and bur densome as to defeat their own pur pose. A prompt and thorough-going revision of the Internal tax laws, made with due regard to the protection of the revenues, is in my judgment, a re quisite to the revival of business ac tivity In this country. It is earnestly hoped, therefore, that the Congress will be able to enact, without delay, a revision of the revenue laws and such emergency tariff measures as are necessary to protect American trade and Industry. , It is of less concern whether Inter nal taxation, or tariff revision shall come first than has been popularly imagined, because we must do both, but the practical course for earliest ac complishment will readily suggest it self to the Congress. -We are commit ted to the repeal of the excess profits tax and the abolition of ineguities and unjustifiable exasperations in the present system. The country does not expect and will not approve a shifting of burdens. It is more interested In wiping out the necessity for imposing them and elim- inating confusion and cost in the col lection. Emergency Tariff Demanded. The urgency for an instant tariff enactment, emergency in character and understood by our people that it Is for the emergency only, cannot be too much emphasized. I believe in the protection of American Industry, and it is our purpose to prosper America first. The privileges of the American market to the foreign producer are of fered too cheaply today, and the effect on much of our own productivity Is the destruction of our self-reliance. which is the foundation of the inde pendence and good fortune of our peo ple. Moreover, Imports should pay their' fair share of our cost of gov ernment. One who values American prosperity and maintains American standards of wages and living can have no sympa thy with the proposal that easy entry and flood of imports will cheapen our costs of living. It is more likely to destroy our capacity to buy. Today American agriculture is menaced and its products are down to pre-war nor mals, yet we are endangering our fun damental Industry through the high cost of transportation from farm to market and through the influx of for eign farm products, because we offer, essentially unprotected, the best mar ket in the world. Farmer Must Be Protected. It would be better to err in protect ing our basic food industry than para lyze our farm activities in the world Calls Charles Lawful Ruler. Berne. Hungary, through the Swiss legation In Vienna, has informed the Swiss federal council that the govern ment of Hungary considers former Emperor Charles as Hungary's lawful sovereign, and that "foreign circum stances" also prevented the ex-emperor from exercising his rights to authority. It asks the Swiss government to per mit the former emperor to reside per manently in Switzerland. struggle for restored exchanges. The maturer revision of our tariff laws should be based on the policy of pro tection, resisting that selfishness which turns to greed, but ever concerned with that productivity at home which is the source of all abiding good fortune. It is agreed that we cannot sell unless we buy, but ability to sell is based on home development and the fostering of home markets. There is little sen timent in the trade of the world. Trade can and ought to be honorable, but it knows no sympathy. While the del egates of the nations at war were de bating peace terms at Paris and while we later debated our part In complet ing the peace, commercial agents of other nations were opening their lines and establishing their outposts with a forward look to the morrow's trade. It was wholly proper and has been ad vantageous to them. Tardy as we are, it will be safer to hold our own mar kets secure and build thereon for our trade with the world. A very important matter is the es tablishment of the government's busi ness on a business basis. There was toleration of the easy-going, unsystero atic method of handling our fiscal af fairs when indirect taxation held the public unmindful of the federal bur den. But there is knowledge of the high cost of government today, and the high cost of living is inseparably There can be no complete correction of the high living cost until govern- ment's cost is notablv reduced. Let me most heartily commend the enactment of legislation providing for the national budget system. Congress has already recorded its belief in the budget It will be a very great satis faction to know of its early enactment, so that It may be employed in estab lishing the economies aiid business methods so essential to the minimum of expenditure. Business Rights Recognized. I have said to the people we meant to have less of government In business as well as more business in govern ment. It is well to have it understood that business has a right to pursue its normal, legitimate and righteous way unimpeded and it ought have no call to meet government competition where all risk is borne by the public treasury There is no challenge to honest and lawful business success. But govern ment approval of fortunate, untram- meled business does not mean tolera tion of restraint of trade or of main tained prices by unnatural methods. It is well to have legitimate business un derstand that a just government, mind ful of the interests of all the people, has a right to expect the co-operation of that legitimate business in stamping out the practices which add to unrest and inspire restrictive legislation. Anx ious as we are to restore the onward flow of business, it is fair to combine assurance and warning in one utter ance. One condition In the business world may well receive your inquiry. Defla tion has been In progress but has failed to reach the mark where It can be proclaimed to the great mass of consumers. Reduced cost of basic production has been recorded, but high cost of living has not yielded in like proportion. For example, the prices on grain and livestock have been de flated, but the cost of bread and meats is not adequately reflected therein. It is to be expected that non-perishable staples will be slow in yielding to low ered prices, but the maintained retail costs in perishable foods cannot be justified. I have asked the Federal Trade Com mission for a report of its observa tions and its provisions and its attri butes, In the main, the failure to ad just consumers cost to basic produc tion costs to the exchange of informa tion by "open price associations" which operate, evidently within the law, to the very great advantage of their members and equal disadvantage to the consum- public. Without the spirit of hos tility or haste In accusation of profi teering, some suitable inquiry by Con gress might speed the. price readjust ment to normal relationship, with help fulness of both producer and consum er. A measuring rod of fair prices will satisfy the country and give us a busi ness revival to end all depression and unemployment. Rail Rates Must Drop. The great interest of both the pro- ducer and consumer indeed all our ujuusinm uuu cuiiuuerciui iixe, iruui agriculture to finance in the problems of transportation will find its reflex in your concern to aid re-establlshment, to restore efficiency and bring trans portation cost Into a helpful re lationship rather than continue it as a hindrance to resumed activities. It is little to be wondered that Ill- considered legislation, the war strain, goveriiuieut uperauou m iieeuiessuess of cost and the conflicting programs, or the lack of .them, for restoration nave orougnt aDout a most aimcuit situauon. maue aouoiy aimcuu oy me 1 AfJ M 1 i 111 4-X I iuw uue ui ousiness. mi uie so mateiy reiatea mat no improvement wui oe permanent until me railways are operated efficiently at a cost with- ii we can nave u unaersiooci tnai Congress has no sanction for govern- lucui uniiciaiup, mill. lyUiigress uues uui levy taxes upon the people to cover deficits in a service which should be self - sustaining, there will be an avowed foundation on which to re build. Freight Discourages Production. Freight carrying charges have mounted higher and higher until com merce is halted and production dis couraged. Railway rates and costs of operation must be reduced (longress may as well investigate and Daylight Bank Robbery. Denver. Three unmasked automo bile bandits, heavily armed, perpetrat ed the most daring daylight robbery in the criminal annals of Denver when they blocked the progress of a taxlcab in which two messengers were carry ing $23,000 in cash from the First Na tional Bank to the Stockyards Tiation al Bank and in the presence of at least ten spectators robbed the messengers of the entire amount and escaped. let the public understand wherein our system and the federal regulations are lacking in helpfulness or hindering in restrictions. The remaining obstacles which are the heritance of capitalistic exploitation mur,t be removed and la bor must join management in under standing that the public which pays, is the public to be served and simple jus tice is the right and will continue to be the right of all the people. Transportation over highways Is lit tle less important but the problems re late to construction and development and deserve your most earnest atten tion, because we are laying a founda tion for a long time to come and the creation is very difficult to visualize in Its great possibilities. The highways are not only feeders to the railroads and afford relief from their local burdens, they are actually lines of motor traffic in interstate commerce. They are the smaller ar teries of the larger portion of our com merce and the motor car has become an indispensable instrument in our po litical, social and industrial life. There is begun a new era in high way construction, the outlay for which runs far into hundreds of millions of dollars. Bond issues by road districts. counties and states mount to enormous figures, and the country Is facing such an outlay that it is vital that every effort shall be directed against wasted effort and notifiable expenditures. The federal government can place no Inhibition on the expenditure in the several states; but since Congress has embarked upon a policy of assisting the states in highway improvement, wisely, I believe, it can assert a wholly becoming influence in shaping policy. With the principle of federal partici pation acceptably established, probably never to be abandoned, it Is important to exert federal influence in develop ing comprehensive plans looking to the promotion of commerce and apply our expenditures in the surest way to guarantee a public return for money expended. - Federal Aid to Be Guarded. The large federal outlay demands a federal voice in the program of expenditure-. Congress can not justify a mere gift from the federal purse to the several states, to be pro-rated among the counties for road better ment. Such a course will invite abuses which it were better to guard against in the' beginning. The laws governing federal aid should be amended and strengthened. The federal agency of administration should be elevated to the importance and vested with authority comparable to the work before It. And Congress ought to prescribe conditions to fed eral appropriations which will necessi tate a consistent program of uniform ity which will justify the federal out lay, i I know of nothing more shocking than the millions of public funds wasted in improved highways, wasted because there .is no policy of mainte nance. The neglect is not universal, but it Is very great. There is nothing the Congress can do more effectively to end this shocking waste than con- dition all federal aid on provisions for maintenance. Highways, no matter how generous the outlay for construc tion, cannot be maintained without patrol and constant repair. Such con ditions insisted upon in the. grant of federal aid will safeguard the public which pays and guard the federal government against political abuses, which tend to defeat the very purposes for which we authorize federal expen diture. Linked with rail and highway Is the problem of water transportation in land, coastwise and trans-oceanic. It is not possible on this occasion to sug gest to Congress the additional legis lation needful to meet the aspirations of our people for a merchant marine. In the emergency of war we have con structed a tonnage equaling our largest expectations. Its war cost must be discounted to the actual values of peace, and the large difference charged to the war emergency and the pressing task is to turn our assets in tonnage to an agency of commerce. It Is not necessary to say It to Con gress, but I have thought this to be a fitting occasion to give notice that the United States means to estab lish and maintain a great merchant marine. Our differences of opinion as to a poUcy of upDuiIdiDg have been removed by the outstanding fact of our hav ing builded. If the Intelligent and ef ficient administration under the exist ing laws makes established service im possible, the executive will promptly report to you. Manifestly our laws governing American activities on the seas are such as, to give advantage to those who compete with us for the car- rying of our own cargoes and those which ought naturally to come In American bottoms throuch trade ex- changes, then the spirit of American falr Dlay wili assert itself to zlve Amer- lcan carriers their equality of oppor- " r 1 tunity. This reDublic can never realize lts rEhteous asDirations in commerce. can never De worthv the traditions of the earlv davs of the exnandintr re- nilhlip until tile minimis nf tnna nf shiDDÍní which we nnw nossess nre m. 0rdinated with our inland transnorta- tion and our shipping has government encouragement, not government opera tion, in carrying our cargoes under our flag, over regularly operated routes, to every market in the world, agreeable to American exchanges. It will strengthen American genius and man agement to have it understood that ours is an abiding determination, be cause carrying is second only to pro duction in establishing and maintain ing the flow of commerce to which we rightfully aspire. Huns Massing Troops in Silesia. Paris. Dispatches received from the allied commission in Upper Silesia which supervised the recent plebiscite there, declare a complete German mil itary organization numbering twenty battalions, with a full complement of machine guns and other arms and mu nitions, is ready for action In case the German claims for Upper Silesia are rejected by the allied supreme council. It is proper to' invite your attention to the importance of the question of radio communication and cables. To meet strategic, commercial and politi- cal needs, active encouragement should be given to the extension of American owned and operated cable and radio service. Between the United States and pos sessions there should be ample com munication facilities providing direct service at reasonable rates. Between the United States and other countries not only should there be adequate facilities, but these should be, so far as practicable, direct and free from foreign intermediation. Friendly co operation should be extended to inter national efforts aimed at encouraging improvement of international commun ication facilities and designed to further the exchange of messages. Pri vate monopolies tending to prevent the development of needed facilities should be prohibited. Government owned facilities, wherever possible without unuuiy ínieriering wun private euier- prise or government needs, should be made available for general uses. Par- ucuiany aesirauie is uie provisiou oí ampie came ami rauio services at rea- sonable rates lor the transmission oi press mailer. . iimi u.e auic. icuu reader may receive a wide range of news and the foreign reader receive full accounts of American activities. The daily press of all countries may well be put In position to contribute to international understandings by the publication of interesting foreign news. rh nH rr ffWHvo rcrniHn f both domestic and International radio nrmtinn if this npwpr mpnns f inter- rnmrmmirnHnn is tn h fnllv utilized. Especially needful is the provision of ample radio, facilities for those ser vices where radio only can be used, such as commuaication with ships at sea, with aircraft and with out of the way places. International communica tion by cable and radio requires co operation between the powers con cerned. Whatever the degree of con trol deemed ( advisable within the United States, government licensing of cable landings and of radio stations transmitting and receiving Interna- tional traffic seems necessary for the protection of American interests and for the securing of satisfactory recip- rocal privileges. Aviation is inseparable from either the army or the navy and the govern ment must, in the Interest's of national defense, encourage Its development for military and civil purposes. The encouragement of the civil develop ment of aeronautics Is especially de sirable as relieving the government largely of the expense of development and of maintenance of an industry, now almost entirely borne by the gov- ernment through appropriations for the military, naval and postal air service. The air mail service is an Important initial step In the direction of commer- cial aviation. It has become a pressing duty of the federal government to provide for the regulation of air navigation ; other- wise independent and conflicting legis lation will be enacted by the various states which will hamper the develop ment of aviation. The national advis ory committee for aeronautics, in a special report on this subject, has rec ommended the establishment of a bu reau of aeronautics In the Department of Commerce for the federal regula tion of air navigation, which recom mendation ought to have legislative approval. I recommend the enactment of leg islation establishing a bureau of aero nautics in the Navy Department to centralize the control of naval activi ties In aeronautics and removing the restrictions on the personnel detailed to aviation in the navy. Be Generous With Ex-Soldiers. The American people expect Con gress unfailingly to voice the gratitude of the republic in a generous and prac- tical way to its defenders in the World War, who need the supporting arm of the government. Our very immediate concern is for the crippled soldiers and those deeply needing the helping hand of the government. Conscious of the generous Intent of Congress, and the public concern for the crippled and dependent, I invited the services of a volunteer committee to inquire into the administration of the Bureau of War Risk Insurance, the Federal Board for Vocational Training and other agencies of gov ernment in caring for the ex-soldiers, sailors and marines of the World War. The Immediate extension and utili zation of the government's- hospital fa cilities in the army and navy will bring relief to the acute conditions most complained of, and the hospital building program may be worked out to meet the needs likely to be urgent at the time of possible completion. Favors Public Welfare Department During the recent political canvass the proposal was made that a Depart ment of Public Welfare should be or ganized. It was endorsed and com mended so strongly that I venture to call it to your attention and to sug- est favorable legislative considera tion. I assume the maternity bill, already strongly approved, will be enacted promptly, thus adding to our manifes tation of human interest. It Is needless to call your attention to the unfinished business inherited from the preceding Congress. The ap propriation bills for army and navy will have your early decision. Neither branch of the government can be unmindful of the call for re duced expenditures for those depart ments of our national defense. The government is In accord with the wish Beer Cure for Thirst Only. Washington. The only "ailment" that real beer will cure is "thirst," prominent physicians advised Con gressman A. J. Volstead, father of the famous dry regulation act bearing his name. The manufacture of real beer, as contemplated under the ruling of former Attorney General Palmer, is un necessary, the physicians write Volstead. to eliminate the burdens of a heavy armament. The United States ever will be in harmony with such a niov ment toward the higher attainments of peace. But we shall not entirely di card our agencies for defense until there is removed the need to defend. We are ready to co-operate with other nations to approximate disarmament, but merest prudence forbids that we disarm alone. League of Nations Scrapped. In the existing League of Nations, world governing with its super-powers, this republic will have no part. There can be no misinterpretation, and there will be no betrayal of the deliberate expression of the American people In the recent election ; and, settled in our decision for ourselves, it is only fair to say to the world in general, and to our associates in war in particular, that the league covenant can have no ,anction bv us The aim to associate nations to nre vent war preserve peace and promote civuization, our people most cordially applauue(i. We yearned for this new instrulnent of justice, but we can have no Dart in a committal to any aeencv o force 5n unkn0wn contingencies ; w can rec0gnize no super-authority Mnnifpstlv the highest nurnose of the League of Nations was defeated In linking It with the treaty of peace and making it the enforcing agency of the victors of the war. Approves Peace Resolution "The American aspiration, indeed, the world aspiration, was an associa- tion of nations, based upon the appli cation of justlce and right, binding .us m conrerence ana co-operation ior rne Prevention of war and pointing the way to a higher civilization and Inter national fraternity in which all the world might share. In rejecting the league covenant and uttering that rejection to our own. peo ple, and to the world, we make no sur render of our hope and aim for an as sociation to promote peace in which we would most heartily join, We wish It to be conceived in peace and dedicated to peace, and will re- linquish no effort to bring the nations of the world into such fellowship, not in the surrender of national sov- ereignty but rejoicing In a nobler exercise of it in the advancement of human activities amid the compensa tions of peaceful achievement. In the national referendum to which I have adverted we pledged out ef forts toward such an association and the pledge will be faithfully kept. IH the plight of policy and performance we told the American people we meant to seek an early establishment of peace. The United states atone among the allied and associated powers con tinues in a technical state of war I against the central powers of Europe. This anomalous condition ought not to be permitted to continue. To establish the state of technical npce without further delay. I should approve a declaratory resolution by Congress to that effect, with the qual- ifications essential to protect all our rights. Such action would be the simplest keeping of faith with ourselves and could in no sense be construed as a parting, with those with whom we shared our sacrifices in war, for these powers are already at peace. , Such a resolution should undertake to do no more than thus declare 'the state of peace which all America craves. It must add no difficulty In effecting, with just reparations, the restoration for which all Europe yearns, and upon which- the world's re covery must be founded. Neither for mer enemy nor ally can mistake Amer ica's position, because our attitude as to responsibility for the war and the necessity for just reparations already has had formal and very earnest ex pression. It would be unwise to undertake to make a statement of future policy with respect to European' affairs fn such a declaration of a state of peace. Must Safeguard Essential Interests. The wiser course would seem to be the acceptance of the confirmation of our rights and Interest as already pro vided, and to engage under the exist ing treaty, . assuming, of course, that this can be satisfactorily accomplished Dy sucn explicit reservations and mod- Ifications as will secure our absolute freedom from inadvisable commit ments and safeguard all our essential interests. We must not allow our vision to be impaired by the conflict among our selves. The weariness at home and the disappointment to the world have been compensated in the proof that this republic will surrender none of the heritage of nationality, but our rights in international relationship have to be asserted ; they require estab lishment in compacts of amity ; our part in readjustment and restoration cannot be ignored and must be defined. With the super-governing league def- nltely rejected and with the world so informed, and with the status of peace proclaimed at home, we may proceed to negotiate the covenanted relation ships so essential to the recognition of all the rights everywhere of our na tion, and play our full part In joining the peoples of the world In the pur suits of peace once more. To the complete re-establishment of peace nnd its contracted relationships, to the realization of our aspirations for nations associated for world help fulness without world government, for world stability on which humanity's hopes are founded, we shall address Ourselves, fully mindful of the high privilege and the paramount duty of the United States In this critical period of the world. Boy Given Light Sentence. Chicago. Francis J. Carey, employé of the National City Bank of Ottawa, 111., who stole $96,000, was sentenced to one year to the National Training School at Washington, D. C, by Judge K. M. Landis. Members of Congress sought to impeach Judge Landis when the court blamed officials of the bank for the crime because Carey, who is 19, was forced to support his mother on a ?90-a-month salary. The Judge made no comment In passing sentence. Makes Hard Work Harder A bad back makes a day's work twice as hard. Backache usually comes from weak kidneys, and if headaches, dizzi ness or urinary disorders are added, don't wait get help before the kidney disease takes a grip before dropsy, gravel or Bright' disease sets ia. Doan't Kidney Pills have brought new life and new strength to thousands of working men and women. Used and rec ommended the world over. Ask your neighbor! A Colorado Case Glenn Watson, carpenter, Monte Vista, Colo., say 8: "I suffered from rheumatic twinges and kidney trouble. I tried more than a dozen different kidney medicines, but received no benefit. My back and limbs were stiff and painful. It was almost Impos sible for me to stoop over and straighten up quickly. Doan's Kidney Pills soon cured me." Get Dean's at Any Store, 60c a Bos DOAN'S VISE FOSTER-M1LBURN CO, BUFFALO. N. Y. 126 MAMMOTH JACKS I liare a bargain for yon, come quirk. W. L. DeCLOW'8 JACK fiKM . Cod&r Kaplda, Iowa Who'd Have Thought It Nicholas Murray Butler, it appears, is not without his waggish moments. 'Tis said that he was discussing aca demic matter with Brander Matthews, and that Profesor Matthews observed that when the first man takes over an old idea, the process was translation. "When the next man takes It," con tinued Trofessor Matthews, "it is adap tation. When the third man takes it, it Is plagiarism." "And when the fourth man takes it." added Dr. Butler, "it is research." New York Evening Post. ASPIRIN Name "Bayer" on Genuine Warning! Unless you see the cam Bayer" on package or on tablets you are not getting genuine Aspirin pre scribed by physicians for twenty-ona years and proved safe by millions. Take Aspirin only as told In the Bayer package for Colds, Headache, Neural gia, Rheumatism, Earache, Toothache, Lumbago and for Pain. Handy tin boxes of twelve Bayer Tablets of As pirin cost few cents. Druggists also sell larger packages. Aspirin Is the . trade mark of Bayer Manufacture of Monoaceticacldester of Sallcycacid. Adv. The Dramatic Instinct. There was a picture of Daniel in the lion's den in the parlor, and- little Betty had heard the story. She knew the lions had been told not to hurt Daniel because he was a good man, but one day, in an excited tone to the lions, she- whispered : "Bite him a little bit, anyway. Betty wants to see." Harper's Magazine. Other Ways. "Some people have all the luck." "Then we'll take other -ways to succeed. We'll hustle and we'll ad vertise." A Sharer. Ts Bliggins a socialist f "To a limited degree. Of course, ha holds on to any material possessions. but he is willing to share his opinions with anybody." COME IN HANDY. The husbands who walk In their sleep Make happy the women they marry, For then If the babies should weerj, They're passed to their fa t h e r a to carry. Churning Troubles. "Churn, churn, churn, churn! How much longer will it take? Will the butter never come? How my bands an' arms does ache." Another Kind. AH- the pigs in the city are killed In the place you see yonder." No, they're not. I came down In the car with five of them this morn ing." TOO LATE Death only a matter of short time. Don't wait until pains and aches become incurable diseases. Avoid painful consequences by taking GOLD MEDAL The world's Standard remedy for kidney, Hver, bladder and uric add troubles the National Remedy of Holland since 1690, Three sizes, all druggists. Look for Of bum Gold Medal oa ana occopt no unit&oa KeepYourSkin-Pores Active and Healthy With Cuticura Soap Soap 25c, Ombaeat 25 aaa 50c, Talent ZSc KREMOU&i;; MAMS VMS SKIM r MA. II a. Or. e. CO XSTS MfcJMaa W. N. U, DENVER, NO. 16-1921.