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THE HOLBROOK NEWS. HOLBROqk, ARIZONA, APRIL 29, 1921.
KB To Create the Great New Tradition of Citizenship Day on July 4. NX i v If All tV'fCil 1 Rene Vivían!, special envoy from France, reviewing the cavalry of the Twenty-seventh division m Central park. New York. 2 Ruined Interior of St Paul's church, the oldest In Washington, which was de stroyed by fire. 3 Types of the British miners who are on strike and In whose support the transport and rail workers have quit work. , NEWS REVIEW OF CURRENT EVENTS Harding's International Policy Seems to Please All the Republican Groups. OUR RIGHTS SAFEGUARDED Modified Knox Peace Resolution In troduced Demócrata Fight Emer gency Tariff Bill Colombian Treaty Before the Senate Strike of the British Miners is Ended. By EDWARD W. PICKARD. President Harding, in his program for international relations as set forth In his message to congress, has ac complished the remarkable feat of satisfying all factions In his party, if the expressions of leaders In Washing ton are to be taken as representing the opinions of the people. The fore cast of tills program, made a week ago, was not far astray. It contains, however, a plan for the acceptance of auch terms of the Versailles treaty as confirm America's rights and inter ests; in other words, the ratification of the treaty with such reservations and modifications as will completely cut out the League of Nations cove nant and secure "our absolute free dom" from entanglement In purely European affairs. Just how the cove nant, so closely Interwoven into the fabric of the treaty, can be eliminated. Is not yet apparent. In Washington It is said a delegation might be sent to Europe, or a conference of the al lies called in our national capital. It Is also suggested that It may be nec essary to draw up a new treaty or treaties to be signed by the United States, the allies and Germany. Any negotiations to this end, hew ever, are to await reconsideration by the allies of their award of the Island of Tap tp Japan and their formal ac knowledgment of America's rights in the disposition of all the territories taken away from the central powers. At first France -replied to Secretary Hughes' note on Tap by a suggestion i that the question be settled by the United States and Japan, and it is believed Great Britain will propose the same course, offering its. good of fices in behalf of the American claims. Japan wants the controversy to be In cluded in the general negotiations to settle all matters at Issue between this country and Japan. Neither of these suggestions Is acceptable to the administration, and neither will be considered. Mr. Hughes' position is that the .Tap affair concerns the al lies Jointly and must be settled by them jointly in negotiations with the United States. As was foreseen, the President said be favored the adoption of the Knox resolution ending the state of war, but with modifications. Accordingly it was introduced in the senate at once with changes to suit, and plans were made to push it through as soon as the Colombian treaty is disposed of. As It stands, the resolution carefully reserves all American rights acquired by the war, the armistice and the Ver sailles treaty, but there is no pro vision for the negotiation of a separ ate peace treaty with Germany. The Instrument also declares the state of war with Austria ended, but no one tere thinks much about Austria these days, except in pity for its starving ' poor. Early comment in France on the President's message indicated that the French were trying to find It satis factory. They expected the flat re jection of the league covenant, and many of them are not wildly enthu siastic over the league, anyhow. They are elated by the expressed determina tion that America shall stand with the allies in holding Germany responsible for the war and In compelling her to 'make reparation to the extent of her ability. They still hope that Ameri ca will specifically promise aid to 'DEMAND AN ARID DRY LAW Prohibition Forces Decide That Even - Beer as a Medicine Must Be Ruled Out. Washington. Absolute forbidding of beer as a medicine, a ban on liquor 'importations for five years, prohibition of manufacture of all spirituous llq luors until the present supply reaches la level of 250,000 gallons, and central ization of liquor warehouses will be France in case of German aggression or of Germany's failure to pay. The British are so occupied "with their great strike that they have not had much to say about the message up to the time of writing. An interesting bit of comment comes from Buenos Aires, where a leading paper sees only self-interest in the future international policy of the United States. "The egoistic independent national ism which is proclaimed as the law of international activity by the United States is dominant In Mr. Harding's words," the newspaper declares. "Americanism and Monroeism, no tions clear and concrete, which have had their rise and fall since 1824, re appear with more vigor than ever in the directing thought of the United States." Concerning domestic matters, which he declared of prime importance, Mr. Harding said nothing unexpected, ex pressing what leaders of his party called "sound Republican doctrines." He especially urged speedy relief for the ex-service men and the passage of an emergency tariff bill. The latter Is already before con gress, the ways and means committee of the house having reported out a combination measure including the farmers' tariff bill which Mr. Wilson vetoed, an anti-dumping bill and a new provision for the regulation of foreign exchange. The Democrats of the house speedily organized their op position to the measure under their leader. Representative KItchin of North Carolina. Mr. Kirchin charged that the bill Is not in the interest of the farmers of the country, "but Is really for the purpose of swelling the already swollen fortunes of the trusts and speculators." He declared that it gives "to the" packers' trust, the sugar trust and the woolen trust the right and privilege to take from the American people the enormous sum of over $775,000,000, Increasing to that extent the present high cost of liv ing." Allusion is made above to the Col ombian treaty. This was the first thing the senate tackled, and a fight developed at once. The pact is the old one giving to Colombia $25,000,000 for the loss of Panama and the Canal Zone. It has always been bitterly op posed as a virtual repudiation of the acts of Theodore Roosevelt when he was President, but now It has been modified by the omission of any ex pression of the government's regret for the part played by the United States in connection with the separa tion of Panama from Colombia. Pres ident Harding has told the senate he hopes It will ratify the treaty, and It probably will do so. Senator Lodge led the debate in favor of the pact, and revealed one cf the strong rea sons for its adoption the existence of rich oil fields in Colombia which Americans wish to develop. Senator Kellogg of Minnesota said the ratification of the treaty would be a pusillanimous act, and on the strength of a telegram and letters from Colonel Roosevelt, written In 1917, he declared it would make the ! United- States liable to International blackmail running Into hundreds of millions , of dollars. The telegram said : "I know, of course, that you are against this infamous Colombian treaty, but I wish you would point out that it makes precedent for some successor of Wilson to pay at least as large a sum apiece to Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Haiti and Santo Domingo for what has been done to them re cently, and also to Chile for our in solent and Improper treatment of her in connection with the Alsop claim." President Harding nas approved a new list of brigadier generals to be raised to major generals, and Clarence R.' Edwards, whom President Wilson omitted from his list and who com manded the New England National Guard division in France, comes first of all. Among the others are Generals Haan, Bell, Allen and Menoher. A number of colonels are recommended for promotion to brigadiers. Germany will refuse to accept the indemnity figures of the allies when they are presented on May 1, accord urged on congress by the national leg islative committee of the prohibition forces which has assembled here. The committee held that the present large liquor supply In America, ostensi bly for non-beverage purposes, is a menace to law enforcement. ' "Prohibition of beer as a medicine was urged as necessary because of Mr. Palmer's beer opinion," Wayne B. Wheeler, general counsel for the pro hibition forces, said. "It was pointed out that all but about ten states now prohibit It, that It never has been rec ing to Dr. Julius Ruppel, chief of tha German financial delegation in Paris. He says the time allowed is altogether too short for estimating the total liabilities for reparations, and that the German experts have been forced to rely on written statements that are neither accurate nor adequate. A Paris journal asserts that the sum to be demanded by the allies will be be tween 30 and 33 billions of dollars, and that when Germany refuses to accept the figures two classes of French reserves will be called to the colors and the Ruhr basin occupied. In that region are the most important industrial plants and the largest coal mines of western Germany. Once more Premier Lloyd George has been able, by super-juggling, to avert economic disaster from Great Britain. The strike of the miners' federation, which threatened to Involve nearly all the organized labor of the United Kingdom, was called off by the federation Friday evening. Just how this result was brought about is not known at this writing, but apparently it was due primarily to the action of the railway men and transport work ers. These are the other two ele ments In the "triple alliance" and, having been called on for support by the miners, they had decided to quit work Friday night. (But Mr. Lloyd George and other Indefatigable per sons worked on them to change their minds, and six hours before the hour set for striking they announced that they would not strike. The triple al liance was thus split, and the min ers must have seen that their cause was hopeless. Another reason for the change of attitude by the miners is seen In the evident intention of a large number of members of the house of commons to see that justice Is done the work ers In the matter of wages. ' After they had heard from the premier that the miners refused to reopen negotia tions, they themselves, conducted an inquiry into the matter. Presumably the plan for regulation of wages on a national basis, accepted by the government some time ago, will be put into effect. The national pool ing of profits, also demanded by the miners, was declared impossible by the government An important step toward the re vival of industry in America was made last week when the United States Steel corporation announced a new price list showing lower prices for steel. The cut ranges from $1.50 to $9 a ton, and the price of tin plate also was reduced $15 ton. The de creases are confined to certain prod ucts and, according to builders and architects, are not In themselves suf ficient to revive the building Industry; but the cut does remove uncertainty and establish a general stabilized price level for steel and experts in the trade say it should stimulate industry. The first concrete result was the announce ment by the International Harvester company of a straight 10 per cent re duction on its products in which steel is the principal raw product used. Secretary of Labor Davis In an ad dress in Chicago made his first public statement of his attitude toward la bor and capital. He called for a fair deal for capital, a decent living wage for labor, larger profits for farmers through lower rail-shipping rates, and the settlement of all industrial dis putes through conferences between employees. He warned labor that if it is to take a share in the policies of the nation it also must share the na tional responsibilities, declaring it was up to labor to see that transportation conditions were su!h that the farmer could make a fair profit. The federal railway labor board has issued an order that clears up the transportation situation, or should do so speedily. - Briefly, it terminates the national working agreements on July 1; meanwhile conferences between the carriers and the workers are ordered, to settle the controversies over work ing rules as far as possible; on July 1, the board will promulgate "just and reasonable" rules fqr classes of em ployees regarding whom rules have not been reached by agreement. - Both sides are urged to act as quickly as possible. ognized as a medicine and will cause a scandal If It is permitted. Attention was called to the petition signed by 104 of the most noted physicians and scientists against beer as a medicine and filed with the judiciary committees of house and senate. "Power should be given to the com missioner to concentrate liquors In fewer warehouses to prevent theft and Illegal withdrawals. Liquors diverted to beverage use should be made sub ject to the prohibitive tax, and each offense should be subject to the tax." By MRS. T. G. WINTER, Pres't Gen. Fed. of Women's Clubs "1 "i rV jT", -T .' a tremendous agency for creating the spirit of Amen- ' ' can citizenship, which is a far greater thing than the American voter or the American politician. A, J In every little town and hamlet, in every big city, ; J let the club women of this federation start a move ' " y Xl ment to make the Fourth of July "Citizenship Day." No matter what other celebrations are listed, let a part of that day that commemorates to time when American citizenship became an actuality in the world, be given to a noble welcome extended by the whole community to the boys and girls who have come of age during the year and to the foreign-born who have become citizens. Both these groups should be in cluded and recognized at the same time, thus intensifying in the minds of both the spiritual significance of the occasion. There should be a procession and flags flags of all the peoples in cluded, which should, at the appropriate moment, be bowed before the Stars and Stripes; there should be music for your feet to march by; there should e wise words uttered on the meaning of citizenship in this great est of all democracies; there should be a proud welcome given by digni taries of the community in the presence of massed crowds of relatives; and the generation a little older, the young men who have fought for the land, should be there to point the onward hand to the newer Americans. This is much more than a show and a procession. It is a symbol with all the tremendous significance that symbols have in human under standing, of both tbe meaning and the continuity of America. And no greater symbol could be given to our country, our young people, our new citizens and perhaps to us older citizens, lest we forget than to create this great new tradition of Citizenship Day. Kansas Industrial Court Has Respect of Labor, Capital and Public By GOV. HENRY J. What the industrial court has done for Kansas it will do for any other state of the Union. What it was designated to accomplish it is achieving, namely, the guaranteeing by government of justice. The su preme duty of government is to safeguard the public. That is what the industrial court is doing in Kansas. The court is now one year old. The court now has the confidence and respect of labor, capital and the public at large. Industrial heads believe in it. Labor, particularly conservative labor, looks to it for protection. The public rests easier, knowing strikes cannot be carried on in essential industries, knowing that it will not be called on to pay the bill for all manner of industrial quarrels, because those quarrels are being wiped out. The last political elections indicated better than ,anything else how the state as a whole regards the settlement of industrial disputes in court. Every man, no matter what his political. faith, who ran for state office advocating the industrial court, was elected. Every man who ran on a platform opposed to the court was defeated. Legislators advocating the court were sleeted from districts where the vote is overwhelmingly a labor vote. Resolution of Each Local Community to Insure Co-operation in Itself. By HERBERT C. HOOVER, Secretary of Commerce There are some economic difficulties arising from the war that will no doubt solve themselves with time, but an infinite amount of misery could be saved if we had the same spirit of spontaneous co-operation in every community for reconstruction that we had in war. Government departments can at least try to do something to inspire such renewed co-operation. For instance, we have three or four million idle men walking the streets, and at the same time we are short more than a million homes; our railways are far below their need in equipment; our power plants, waterways and highways are all far behind our national needs in normal commerce. ' . To apply this idle labor to our capital equipment is one of tbe first problems of the country. Its solution involves constructive action in many directions, but among other things definite resolution of each local com munity to insure co-operation in itself. In the building trades, for in stance, a "get together" of labor, capital, manufacturers and contractors in every locality to eliminate mispractices and bring down the expense of housing would comprise the first Society Would Be Repeal of All the By A. J. PEARSON, Cleveland Common Pleas Judge I have reached the conclusion that society would benefit by the re peal of all legislation permitting dissolution of the bonds of matrimony. Much of the evil of the present day is due to the large numbers of divorced men and women who have been turned loose on the community, with the resultant inimical effect. The ranks ally recruited from among the children of divorced couples. If the man is no good, it permits him to fool some other woman, and if the woman is no good, it permits her to fool some unsuspecting man. The result is that another divorce case is filed in a short time. If the parents remarry, the children, if there attention as they did before. More thought would be given to were unobtainable. Fewer unhappy marriages would occur as a result. Many persons marry today with the idea tha if the marriage does not prove acceptable, the divorce courts stand ready to cut the bonds. K. M. Van Zandt, Commander - in The United Confederate Veterans of the American Legion against every themselves to stand shoulder to shoulder with the Legion in upholding American ideals and protecting our W. A. Ketcham, Commander-in-Chief The Grand Army of the Eepublic sets its face like flint against all Von Mach meetings whenever and wherever held. Their expressions are a reproach to the country and to the Grand Army that believes in one coun try, one language and one flag. I am appealing to the 2,500,000 club women of the General Federation of Women's Clubs to give ac tive and enthusiastic co-operation to a plan of our de partment of American citizenship a plan definite, concrete, deeply appealing and capable of being made ALLEN of Kansas step of recovery of re-employment. Benefited by the Divorce Laws. of criminals and parasites are liber are any, seldom get as good care or the business of marriage if divorces - Chief United Confederate Veterans most heartily endorse the protest un-American movement and pledge country from every foe. i Grand Army of the Republio , AAKV GRAHAA BONNER. 1 COTrlIÜMI ti VUTUM NCVVAfU UNION .. ROCKY MOUNTAIN SHEEP. "If creatures are fussy about the weather they are very foolish, I think," said Mr. Rocky Mountain Sheep, and young Master Rocky Moun tain sheep said: "I agree with you." "I really don't understand how it Is that creatures can be o fussy," said Mr. Rocky Mountain Sheep. "We like all sorts of weather and have extremely good health. We're not al ways fussing about ourselves. We're not always wondering whether It will be cold or hot the following day, or whether it is going to rain. "We don't care what it does. We like all sorts of weather. All sorts of weather agrees with us. Of course we love our mountain homes best of all. We love crags and high rocks. We are very sure-footed. Even the older members of our family are sure footed. We can rush and we can hurry, we can run and we can dash this way and that, and to others it seems very dangerous. "But we're sure of ourselves. And we're sure of our feet. We go up dangerous places among the rocks, but these places are not dangerous to us, because we know how to climb. "And anyway we have lots of brav ery and courage. A Rocky Mountain Sheep would be ashamed to be cow ardly. "It is true that we are not fool hardy, although some might think so. If we couldn't do these (dangerous things. If we weren't wonderful and marvelous climbers, then It would be extremely dangerous to take any such chances. "But we're not really taking chances. We're Just doing quite sensi ble climbing. It is no more danger- "Dangeroua Places." ous for1 us to dash up the side of a dangerous looking rocky slope than it would be for some creatures to walk along a smooth path. "How we love good plants. We dbn't admire their beauty, but we love their taste. We like to eat plants. They make us strong and well, too. We have great horns, and we are big and strong looking, too. No one would think us delicate and no one would bother to ask after our health be cause one look at us would be enough to tell anyone how well we were. "The Mother Rocky Mountain Sheep like to welcome a young Rocky Moun tain sheep every spring, or perhaps two Rocky Mountain sheep, and then watch, them grow into fine strong sheep. - "But weather, goodness, gracious, we don't have to bother about It ! "I've heard from travelers that peo ple in towns and cities and villages, along through country places oh, In many, many places, carry umbrellas when it rains. And often, when It doesn't rain they carry umbrellas for fear that it might rain. "They are afraid they might spoil their hats. But we haven't hats to think of 1 Imagine a Rocky Mountain Sheep wearing a bat or carrying an umbrella. "Our horns are enough for us ! And we don't need umbrellas to protect our horns. We never complain of the weather, either. So many do. So many wish it weren't so hot or so cold, or so rainy, or so sunshiny. Some say that they hate showers and that they wish they always knew what the weather was going to do. But they don't For Old Man Weather Is a smart old creature who has things his own way. "H won't let anyone boss him. If he wants It to rain he has it rain, and if he wants the sun to shine, he has the sunshine. And why not let him do It his own way without always complaining? "Gracious, he's been doing as he likes for so long it seems rather a waste of time trying to wish he would do differently. Then, too, he has been on his job for so long a time. Tve a pretty good idea, he knows all about It, and doesn't need any suggestions from any one!" Cornered. "Mamma, why has papa no hair?" "Because he thinks so much, my dear." "But why have you so much?" "Because eo awav and do your les sons, you naughty boy!" New Tork Central Magazine. Attention, Bugologists. "Are all teachers book worms?" "Oh, no; geometry teachers aren't" "What are they?" "They're, angle worms." Must Break Through. Why is opening a letter like taking a very queer way of entering a room? Because you break through the ceil ing sealing. One Haa a Tail. Why is a comet more like a dog than the Dog Star? Because it has a tail and the Dog Star hasn't Treat Corn With Rudeness. When does a farmer treat his corn with great rudeness? When he pulls Its ears and threshes it WIFE TAKES HUSBANDSADV1CE And Is Made Well Again by Lydia E. Pinkham' Vegetable Compound Springfield, Mass. "Tbe doctor told my nusband that I had to have an oper ation, otherwise 1 would - be a sickly woman and could not have any more chil dren on account of my weakened con dition. I refused to have the operation. My husband asked me to try Lydia E. Pink ham's Vegeta ble Compound to see U it would not help me. For the first four months I could do but little work, had to lie down most of the time, was nervous and could eat hardly anything, but my husband was always reminding me to take the Vegetable Compound, which I did. Of my eight children thia " last one was the easiest birth" of all and I am thankful for your Vegetable Com pound. I recommend it to my friends when I hear them complaining about their ills." Mrs. M. Natale, 72 Fre mont St, Springfield, Mass. Sickly, ailing women make unhappy homes, and after reading Mrs. Natale 'a letter one can imagine bow this home was transformed by her restoration to health. Every woman who surfers from such ailments should give Lydia E. Pink ham's Vegetable Compound a fair trial. It is surely worth while. Market News. His Wife I don't like any of your friends. They are such common stock. Mr. Margins Mebbe they are com mon stock, but they pay good divi dends. Sure Sign. "What makes you think Balrd has bee a married? He swears he's a bach elor." "I had him out to dinner the other night, and he folded bis napkin. He's been married, all right" Ufe. Thought He Could Anyway. "They asked me to their reception, but it wasn't because they liked me; it was only because I can sing." "Oh, rm sure you're mistaken, dear 1" Sydney Bulletin. UNFORTUNATE. He's an u n- lucky fellow. Tea, be la al ways Johnny on the wrong spot ALLEN'S FOOT-EASE Gin ease tad comfort to feet tbmt are tender and sore. If shoes pinch OTComsnnd bun ions ache this Antiseptic Heal ing; Powder will five quick relief. Shskeitinyonr Shoes, Sprinkle It m the Foot-bath. Sold evexyvherc! Disguised Efforts. "Are you going to make a garden this year?" "Of course," replied Mr. Crosslots. That's the only excuse I can give the folks for spending so much time dig ing fishing worms." ASPIRIN Name "Bayer" on Genuine Beware! Unless you see the nam Baver" on cackaze or on tablets you an not eettlne eenulne Aspirin pre scribed by physicians for twenty-one years and proved safe by millions. Take Aspirin only as told In the Bayer package for Colds, Headache, Neural gia. Rheumatism, Earache, Toothache, Lumbago, and for Pain. Handy tin boxes of twelve Bayer Tablets of As pirin cost few cents. Druggists also sell larger packages. Aspirin Is the trade mark of Bayer Manufacture of Monoacetlcacidester of SaUcyUcacld. Adv. As long as hate grows so luxuriantly in the soul's garden the brotherhood of man Is a long way oft. Organizing just for the sake of do ing it won't get us very far. Sure Relief 6 Bellans Hot water Sure Relief FOR INDIOESTIOri Girls! Girls!! Save Your Hair With Cuticura SmP ZSc, Ointment ZS san 59c, Tucn 25c. 126 KIA?."IOTII JACKS I hare s terrain for jon, eom qairk. W. L ItoCLOW'S JACK fAHU Cdnr Bnplds, lows W. N. DENVER, NO. 17-1921. 1p mm