THE HOLBROOK NEWS, HOLBROOK, ARIZONA. MAY 6, 1921.
WITH LIBRARY OF RECORDS
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MUSIC FESTIVAL IN DENVER.
Denver. The -governor of ' Colorado,
the mayor-of Denver and -all citizens-of
'this city have . joined hands and are
co-operating as one mighty unit, to
make Denver Music -Week : the great
est -community effort ever attempted
in this city. A1! through the state
'thousands of , people - are planning to
come here for the festival May 15th to
-20th. John Clark Kendall of Greeley,
Colo., will bring. a. fifty piece- orchestra
:from the . State .Teachers College to
. participate in the program. Fifty-four
! thousand -school children will take ac
: five, part in Music Wetk. They will
hold concerts in -seventyi-four public
schools, and a chorus . of three thou-
sano' voices will -give the feature
-eclioM .- program .- at ; the. -city . auditorium.
This chorus will be augmented by the
teachers chorus of 100 voices, ' which
will sing "TaeiDeath of Joan of .Arc."
Ten city band organizations will
.give . concerts on the .-streets, while
other concerts, under the diretion . of
the Federated Woman's Club, will
cheer those folks .in City : hospitals,
charitable homes :and other institu
tions. Six hundred music teachers
will hold pupil recitals during : the
week, while big and little business
alike will participate in some: part. of
. the huge nusic week festival.
Fire Sweeps Block in Baltimore.
Baltimore, Md. Nine alarms were
sounded for a fire that swept the lum
ber yard, mill work plant and office
buildings of John F. Thomas .& .Sons,
covering a square block in the -southern
section of the city. One fireman
was injured. The flames menaeed
surrounding properties, including a
public school building , and the Martin
Luther Evangelical church. The loss
rPapermakers Call on Foresters for Aid.
New York. "Pulp-wood costs and
.values have now reached a point where
.foresters can prove .to paper manufac
turers that they must seriously .con
sider plans for the growing of their
.future supp'y of timber," said JR. .43.
Kellogg, secretary of the News Print
;Service Bureau of New York, in a Jre
cent address at the Cosmos Club be
fore the Washington section, Society
.of American Foresters.
"A survey of the situation shows ,the
urgeut need of immediate and large
rscale efforts to provide a permanent
supply of raw material for the basic
Industry of paper making. To say that
the United States last year produced
3,800,000 tons of wood pulp means lit
tle to the ordinary reader, but the
problem takes on a more concrete as
pect when It is realized that 6,000,000
cords of wood, chiefly spruce and hem
lock, were used to make this quantity
.of pulp. The magnitude of the indus
try is also more fully appreciated
when it is known that the United
;States in 1920 produced 7,830,000 tons
.of paper, or 147 pounds per capita.
Mysterious Explosion in Detroit.
Detroit. Police are Investigating a
iinysterious explosion which caused the
death of two persons, injured a score
of others and caused property loss
running into the thousands, here. The
explosion occurred in a small shed In
the rear of a soft drink parlor. Law
rence Burnett, 5 years old, at play in
the yard of his home near the shed,
was buried beneath the wreckage and
killed. ' Mrs. Hermann, wife of the
owner and who is supposed to have
been in the building, was blown to
American Soldiers Have Sweet Tooth.
Coblenz. American soldiers, whose
predilection for sweets has often
caused Frenchmen to gasp with
amazement, are still world champions
in this respect, it is shown by figures
compiled at the Cafeteria, the largest
restaurant in Coblenz, under the man
agement of the Y. M. C. A. During
(he past year American doughboys ate
at that restaurant alone '233,138 pud
dings, 475343 tarts and cakes, 310,874
cookies and doughnuts, 63,151 cream
puffs and eclairs, 624,906 dishes of let
NOVEL AND SATISFACTORY PLAN
BETWEEN LANDLORD AND TENANT
Fixed Wages Pius a Share in
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture)
"1 took the same interest in my work
as-a tenant as I take in my own farm.
1 began work without a dollar and
with very little knowledge of farming,
but -while -I .was on the farm I learned
a -good deal. I had ample opportunity
to study. the. principles controlling crop
growth, soil improvement, stock man
agement, etc. The ' inspiration 1 re
ceived was valuable indeed, and dur
ing my .period .of -service I earned
enough money ; to buy the small farm
on which I now live."
This extract from , a -statement made
by a former farm tenant employee,
now a farm owner, 'reviews a relation
ship between owner and tenant that i
great many persons on both sides of
the farm-landlord -situation may well
envy. There .is possibly no -subject
connected with . the business of farm
ing which leads to,-as many misunder
standings, - dissatisfactions and mutual
losses as the management- of. a- farm by
a nonowner. -Somebody has said that
nothing short of .application of the
golden, rule would ever bring about sat
isfactory arrangements between the
owner and occupant of . a farm, and
yet, in this case, there was nothing
eleemosynary In the arrangement.
Tested by Fifteen Years' Trial.
The man who 'made the - statement
quoted .-above was 'for :a number of
years the manager-of one of. two -ordinary-sized
hog farms-owned by a man
in Illinois, and the plan under which
he was engaged as farm manager has
been followed by the owner with al
most ' unfailing success for more than
fifteen -years. .Briefly, the -plan was
nothing more or ; less than a straight
annual salary which included : tenant
house and the usual garden, and poul
try perquisites, and. as a bonus, a
share-of the net profits.
.The profit-sharing! plan has-served to
stimulate the efforts of the employee
and has greatly lessened the supervi
sion .necessary -on :th part .of the
owner. By the use of the telephone
and occasional visits he is able-to keep
In .touch 'with -the farm problems and
to co-operate effectively with the man
ager. -Since the owner was farming
himself it was important that the man
agement of his other two farms take
as little of his time as possible. Thus
far the managers have been selected
from the men employed on the home
farm, which, serves .as a .training
'How "Net Income Is 'Determined.
The managers are given a regular
monthly wage and . a bonus consisting
of one-third of the net farm income.
In determining the .net income 5 per
cent interest on the valuation of the
property is first taken out, as due re
TOMATOES ARE BEST
IF RIGHTLY PRUNED
Fruit Is Larger, ttearter and Su
perior in Flavor.
Grown in Home Garden Staking and
Pruning .Require Little Trouble
and Will .Fully .Repay Trou
ble, Say Specialists.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture)
A thrifty tomato plant left .to itself
will spread over a space from 4 to -6
feet in diameter and will produce a
peck or more of tomatoes. If staked
and pruned it will yield about the
same quantity of fruit, the tomatoes
will be larger, cleaner, better flavored.
and superior in every respect, and
enough space can te conserved to ac
commodate five other plants cared for
in a similar manner, say garden spe
cialists of the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture. The staked and
pruned plants are easily sprayed, and
will continue to produce fruit later in
the fall than plants which are allowed
to spread naturally. As a rule, also.
the pruned tomatoes will mature ear
lier. On the scale on which tomatoes
are grown in the home garden, stak
ing and pruning require little trouble,
and will fully repay the effort.
When the plants begin making a
vigorous growth, shoots will appear in
the little pockets where euch leaf joins
the .stem. Later the blossoms appear
on the opposite side of the stem. In
pruning the plant, remove all these
side shoots and those around the base
of the plant, being careful not to dis
turb the blossom clusters. The shoots,
sometimes called suckers, should be
pinched off shortly after they appear.
The ma:n stem can be carried to the
full height of the stake, then allowed
to h&ng over. By this time six or sev
en blossom clusters, on which the
fruit is developing, should be set on
Scours and Thumps.
Scours and thumps in the young
pigs must be guarded against in the
first few weeks. Scours generally
come from suddenly overfeeding the
sow or from changing her ration abruptly.
Profits Give-Zest to Farm Work.
turn for capital, after wnich all ex
penses are deducted, -such as for
thrashing, the manager's wage, extra
labor, machinery repairs, 'depreciation,
and the cost of fertilizers and seeds.
Each of the two managed farms has
a 'house for the manager, who also can
use the work horses to -drive for per
sonal use, has a garden, -and a cow or
two for supplying the family with milk
and butter. Fifty 'Chickens are fur
nished, and the family is permitted to
raise as many as . possible to supply the
needs of the farm table, 'but on Decem
ber .1 all the chickens above the origi
nal number must be sold, .and the land
lord gets one-half 'the receipts. The
purpose .of this limit on chickens is
to enable the manager :to have his own
poultry supply without taking unduti
advantage of his opportunity.
In order to calculate .the amount of
money which the manager Is to re
ceive on this plan it lis .necessary to -d
a certain amount of bookkeeping. This
is left -to the owner, wJio keeps a set
of fann accounts, and on March 1 a
complete Inventory Is taken and a
yearly summary of the farm business
is completed. In cases .of disease, poor
crops, or a partial failure which is tin
avoidable, thus cutting down the In
come of the manager, .the owner makes
some allowance -and gives the mana
ger, ;ln addition 'to the wages he has
received, what he thinks is due hlra
for the work he has 'done, and the re-
sponsibility he has-assumed.
In the period before war inflation
the managers made ;from $41 to $49
per month the yearrround, in addition
to having their rent, garden, milk, but
ter and eggs. The manager of the
smaller farm, comprising '96 acres, re
ceived $35 a month straight wages for
four years up to 1918, and his bonus
averaged $168 :a year. The manager
of the other farm, comprising 160
acres, formerly received $30 per month
and was increased to $35.
.Manager '.Well Paid.
When the fact is -taken into consid
eration that the managers employed
under this system rare provided with
houses in which to live and are given
the privilege of raising 'their home sup
plies -of -vegetables, milk, poultry and
eggs, it will be seen that -their 'neces
sary expenses are inconsiderable, and
it must be conceded that they are well
paid for their services, in view of the
fact that they have 'no Investment risk,
The length of time which the men re
main on the farms -shows that this
method of employment must have been
satisfactory both tto employee :and
landlord in these .eases. It should be
pointed out, however, that the tenunt
should have absolute. confidence in hl
landlord before he would be justified
in working under this system.
BEST TO STICK 10 STANDARD
Gardener Should Nat Be Misled :by
Highly Colored and Much-Advertised
No gardener Should be misled by
highly colored :and much-advertised
novelties, or unfamiliar varieties of
vegetables. Some .of them may be
good, but it iis better :to stick to the
standard, well-known and approved
varieties. Many varieties .of a certain
vegetable may be listed pin the cata
logue, but -only .a few ,may be suited
to your particular soil, climate or
needs. If in doubt about what to
plant, consult your state college of
agriculture, the United States Depart
ment -of Agriculture, the local county
agent or some experienceó gardener
in the neighboi'hood. Carefully figure
the varieties and amount of seed re
quired; pta-oe orders 'befone -the est
stocks of the seed firms are exhausted.
Usually it is advisable to parchase
"ed from near-by seed firms or
W00DL0T LIKE BANK Í
A wood lot should be treated
as the principal In a savings
bank. The annual growth of 4
wood corresponds to compound J
Interest. When you cut out more
than the equivalent of the
growth, you( are drawing upon '
your principal. J
SILO OF GREAT IMPORTANCE
Never Discarded When Properly Built
and Filled With Corn at the
No silo which was properly bulll
and filled with corn at the right stage
of maturity has ever been discarded.
Neither is there any farmer who has
had a silo on his farm and used its
succulent, nutritious feed that is will,
ng to do without one.
Plan for Good Sires.
Now is the time to think about a
good sire. If you cannot afford to
buy a matured animal get a well-bred
bull enjf and raise him. Few chances
Effort to Apotheosize the Federal
Government, Degrade the States.
By SENATOR WILLIAM H. KING of Utah
c WHifia HMnmmr .'"
is to be a, compounding of the paople and the formation of a huge and
protoplasmic mass, in which individual activity is impossible, and which
can only be controlled -tiy a powerful and ever-present government.
The picture is not overdraxrn. Tt is before us, and it is painted in
such attractive -colors as to allure from the paths of safety many of the
people of our land.
We need apostles who will preach the doctrine that animated the
founders of this republic, that inspired the Declaration of Independence
and fired the hearts of the men and women who crossed the Atlantic and
battled with powerful forces and menacing foes to establish liberty and
the right of conscience and local self-government and self-determination
in the New World. It is time that the American people should awaken
to the fact that it is not -eoddling by the federal government that is needed,
but that the future rests with the people themselves.
Stock in the Greatest Mutual Benefit
Association in All the World
By PROF. H. B. WARD,
Uncle Sam's children have approximately one hundred and ten mil
lion, ishares of stock in the greatest
and their interests should be protected. This great organization holds.
among other things, the grandest canyon (Grand canyon, Ariz.), the most
wonderful mountain (Mount McKinley, Alaska), the most superb gey
sers (Yellowstone National park),
(big trees, Sequoia National park),
in the nineteen national parks and
tablished and protected by twenty-four successive congresses. Each of us
holds one haTe of stock in this association. It is time for the American
people to instruct their representatives in congress, who are the directors
of this corporation.
A joker in the water-power bill,
parks and monuments in with public
in which the water-power commission
reservoirs amd hydro-electric plants.
joker and restore io ongress the
Bills are already pending in congress to transfer 8,000 acres in the
Yellowstone "to private irrigation interests and for the damming of Yel
To turn orr this public property to private persons is wholly in
defensible and etü "to commercialize our national parks for public benefit
is to destroy their real value. To retain these national parks in their
natural conditions is mot to withhold from development any appreciable
part f the area -of the United States,
thousandths 'one per cent.
The Reconstruction of Every Living
American to America's Cause.
1 By COL. F. W. GALBRAITH, JR.,
There never has been a time in the history of this great country of
ours when the need of an understanding among loyal Americans was more
needed. Tonight in this great hall
Americans outside, we worship at the
We worship here and give answer
destroy this country, who would alienate us from our own and from our
.allies with whom we are cemented by the blood of our fellows. This
meeting in itself means more than
sages from every 6tate in this great
;triotic men and women who have said, "Thank God that in that great city
;f New York there is tonight a reeonseeration of Americans to this great
country and to American ideals."
Tonight we hear the voice of our heroic dead who seem to say, "I have
seen the coming of the Lord ; fight on, my America, fight on." My friends,
this is a night for the reeonseeration of every living American to the
cause of America.
Life of the Typical
in Her Thirties
By W. L. GEORGE,
To me, the lif -. of the American
When the novelty of married life is gone she instinctively begins to want
something else to fill her life. What she desires above all else is love and
companionship, and these are the only things on earth her husband denies
One hears of the devotion of the American husband, slaving from
early riiorning until late at njght, denying himself all social pleasures
and directing all his energies to "making his pile." It is usually between
the ages of thirty and forty-five that his "pile" is made.
He loves her no less, but, like the Russian peasant and his ikon, he
forgets his adoration in his business and consequently the wife suffers.
Until the American husband .realizes this essential and overwhelming
desire of his wife and gives her love and companionship at the same time
she will continue to suffer.
Brig. Gen. Douglas MacArthur, TJ. S. A. The most vivid recollec-,
tion that we of the Rainbow division have on St. Mihiel day is of those
who went two years ago to their last charge. We cannot forget. Blue
lipped, smudged with sludge, chilled by the wind and rain of the foxhole,
they drove through to their objective and to the judgment seat of God.
We will not say that they had died. They have but passed beyond the
mists that blind us here and come to the end of the rainbow.
Walter P. Harris, Havana The greatest gambling center in the
world will be placed in the western hemisphere if plans for "palaces" in
Cuba -develop as given out.
Unfortunately we are accepting the unsound view
that the people are incapable of looking after their
own affairs, that they have become so enervated and
devitalized that governmsnt officials and government
flunkies and government bureaus are needed for their
guidance and protection. There is an effort to apo
theosize the federal government, to degrade the states,
and to destroy the confidence of the people in them
selves, in their own powers, and in their capacity for
self-government- Individuals under this meretricious
doctrine lose their identity in the general mass. There
University of Illinois
mutual benefit association in the world
the oldest and biggest living things
and numberless other unique objects
nearly fifty national monuments, es
passed last Tune, puts the national
land and forest reserves as places
can grant privileges for irrigation
A bill is pending to eliminate this
absolute control of national parks and
of which they cover less than three
All-American Meeting Speech.
and with fifty thousand other loyal
shrine of America.
to those disloyal people who would
we know. Tonight we have had mes
Union, from organizations, from pa;
Is a Tragedy.
British Man of Letters
woman in her thirties is a tragedy.
BROUGHT! BACK OLD TIMES
Familiar Phrase Touched Responsive
Chord In the Breast of Former
A jostling, heaving crowd was strug
gling for the few vacant places on
the last bus home. A' tired-looking
conductor, wearing on his breast the
1915 ribbon, regulated the rush.
"Full up!" he cried at length, effec
tually barring further progress to a
sturdy built young man who had
swung himself on to the platform.
The latter stepped off "reluctantly,
exclaiming, "San Fairy Ann." The
conductor turned quickly and laughed,
and the demobilized soldiers on the
bus who recognized the barbarous but
familiar perversion of "Ca ne fai
rien," laughed with him. "Come on,"
he said, and the man jumped on the
moving bus with a smile of under
standing in his eyes.
A catchword, universally used in
France had revived something of the
army ! spirit of camaraderie. London
Swiss Lakes Disgorge Relics. .
The recent drought in Switzerland
has lowered the lakes so much that
archaeologists are having a great op
portunity to examine the old lacus
trine or pile dwellings which date back
to the stone age. Old pottery ls be
ing discovered in two lake dwellings
revealed on the shores of Lake Neu
chatel, says a cablegram to the New
York Times, and hundreds of piles in
perfect preservation and on which
these dwellings originally rested are
now clearly visible. Many persons
have volunteered help for excavating
the remains of these ancient dwellings,
which, according to Doctor Kellerchief,
the Swiss authority on the subject,
ceased to be Inhabited about the first
century of the Christian era. Nuraer
our boats, which apparently were
wrecked and sunk In past times, are
Not So Encouraging.
"Your father merely grunted when
I told him I wanted to marry you."
"Don't be discouraged, Alexander.
Father is an elemental creature and
expresses pleasure as well as anger by
"Yes, dear, but this was a fortissimo
grunt. In fact, there was so much
power behind 'it I'm afraid it was a
snort." Birmingham Age-Herald.
When there isn't much else to do
wjth money, you can save it.
I PASSED WITH FLYING COLORS
Captain Recognized Prospective Marine
Engineer as a Man After
His Own Heart.
They are so close in some parts of
Scotland that the lakes can't get
enough water, and have to go dry.
A visitor tells the story of a Scots
man, a prospective marine engineer,
who was being examined by the cap
tain. The skipper asked a number of diffi
cult questions In order to confess the
applicant, but the latter was always
ready with an answer.
Finally, In a tone of deepest con
cern, the captain asked :
"Now, suppose the water in your In
jector was working properly, your
boiler check was not stuck, or your
pipes clogged, but you were not get
ting any water In your boilers, what
would you do?"
The engineer looked puzzled for a
moment, unable fully to grasp the sit
uation ; then, with a knowing smile 00
his face, he answered :
"I'd go up 'on deck and see whether
there was any water in the lake.
"You'll do." said the captain. Chi
cago Daily News.
Approximately one-tenth of the wlre
nails manufactured are now cement
coated, according to H. A. Knight, who
writes on the subject to the Iron "Age.
The nails are coated by shaking them
up in a hot tumbling barrel with a
compound consisting mainly of resin,
from which they issue with a thin,
tough coating which greatly Increases
their holding power. The friction of
the driven nail with the wood melts
the cement and forms a glue, which,
cakes fast the nail. Literary Digest.
Copper Mining in Alaska.
The copper mines of Chitina valley
are the largest and richest thus far
developed In Alaska. Their success
ful development has been made posit
ble by the completion of the Copper
River and Northwestern railroaiL.
which affords transportation to tide
water. The recent mining progres
in this district is shown In a report en
titled "Mining in the Chitina Valley,.
Alaska," by F. B. Moffat, issued by
the United States geological survey.
Department of the Interior, as Bulla-
If you want a thing well done- tC
the waiter to bring It rare.
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