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- THE HOLBROOK NEWS. HOLBROOK, ARIZONA, MAY 13, 1021.
Chicago's l"""' " j.ll ""Fl inni'i""'.'''i' 'Sj"Í:Í'" ' l'wt'a!Ki!aeji8't F '- -,""""' tufm ' """""" ' ' -iiinnTTOnnr-i , .i , lillMaiilWMiiiiiiiiiii.j.,,. ..J V -4m ni "n 'i i' nii l ii ! innr.r f 1 "' ""' "' "' ..... o The great for visitors, is the pier. Municipal pier of Chicago being utilized for many Texas Rangers Real Fighters Most Picturesque Body of Fight ing Men the World Has Ever Known. FOUGHT TWO WARS AT ONCE Organization Dates Back to Time When the Lone Star State Was a Separate Republic Self-Reliant, Resourceful and Brave. Dallas. Texas is the only state which has the distinction, not to say privilege, of working out its own in stitutions before becoming a member of the Union, writes W. P. Urbb of the history department of the Univer sity of Texas In the Dallas News. This fact has given Texans a singular feeling of Independence and has en shrined the state's institutions with a peculiar interest for those within and many without her borders. Her flag, her presidents, her foreign am bassadors, her army and navy, all have come In for a share of the song and story, the history and tradition of the Lone Star republic. Of all her institutions, however, Texas has none which has attracted more attention at home and abroad than that organization of fighting men known as Texas Rangers. Just what is the Texas Ranger? The question can be answered best by finding out what he has been, dis covering his origin, tracing his devel opment and examining his duties. The exact date of the origin of the Rangers Is lost in the obscurity of early Texas history. Stephen F. Austin mentioned them in his letters of 1823, nearly a century ago; Bancroft ascribed their beginning to 1838, but in this he was clearly wrong, for the Rangers had not only come into existence but had acquired a legal status before that time. Rangers Date Back to 1835. When Texas revolted. In 1833, a general council met, and, as a part of its work, authorized the first Ranger force. This organization was to con sist of three companies of 25 men each, one to range east of the Trinity, one between the Trinity and Brazos and the third between the Brazos and the Colorado. The men were to serve solely as protection against the In dians, the remuneration being $1.25 a day. -"ñf, Thus was the Texas Ranger force created in the midst of revolution, and from that day to this it has existed almost constantly in some form, though under varying titles. The first sjttlers from the United States were Introduced into Texas by Stephen F. Austin during the latter part of 1821, now Just one century ago. Why did the Mexican govern ment permit an alien race to come in? There are several reasons well known to the historian, and it is said that one of them was the desire to place some strong arm between the timorous Mexicans, like those of San Antonio, and the wild Indians. The Comanche' horse might become too hard to hold. Quien sabe? However this may be, an examination of the land grants made to Americans will show that their holdings tend to form a tier ly ing roughly between the timber belt and the prairie region. In short, the Americans from the United States were to serve as a buffer between the wild tribes and the interior settle ments, and on them was to devolve the task of conquest at which both Spain and Mexico had failed. Mexico Unable to Close the Door. Once the door of Texas was open the Americans pushed in with that mighty surge which carried the Anglo American civilization from the Atlan tic to the Pacific during the first half of the last century. Mexico, becom ing alarmed, undertook to close the door, but it was too late. The Tex ans for such the immigrants had be come not only stood off the Indians, but turned on the Mexicans and wrest ed from them Texan independence in 1836, Just 15 years after they had en tered the state. This done, however, they found themselves in a most precarious sit uation. They were caught, as it were, between the jaws of a great vise. BEDRIDDEN BOY A PRODIGY Delivered Speech to 10,000 Persons at Dedication Exercises When Not Yet Four Years Old. Phoenix, Ariz. John Huston, four teen years old, and bedridden, has been pronounced by high medical au thorities as possessing the most re tnnrkable mentality they have known ja apy child. At the a,if of three years and seven Municipal Pier a Great Attraction is growing In pop ular favor each day civic enterprises. T he 'Tageant of Progress" to boost Chicago will soon occupj One frontier the Indian extended along the edge of the great prairie from the Rio Grande to the Red river, a distance of 500 miles; the other the Mexican stretched from some point on the Rio Grande to the mouth of that stream, an approximate dis tance of 300 miles. The actual south ern boundary of the settlements at the time of the republic really corre sponded with the Nueces. It should also be observed that for every mile that the Indian frontier was pushed back, the Mexican line was lengthened by just so much until the two attained a combined length of more than 1,000 miles! Surely no state was ever more desperately situ ated than the young republic. Some times she was at peace with one en emy and sometimes with the other; but again she fought them both. War was the rule, the commonplace of daily life, and death was the price of defeat, for the enemies of Texas knew no mercy. Devising a Fighting Force. What sort of fighting force would , Texas devise to meet this unhappy situation? Had the state been popu lous and wealthy, as she Is today, the answer would have been simple. " In those days hep-population was less than that of Dallas, and her promise to pay was worth about 16 cents on the dollar. Hard money was a negligible quan tity. These things made a standing army impossible. Whatever fighting force was provided must be small and Inexpensive in order to be maintained at all. It must rise in time of need and disperse when the danger had passed. Such are the circumstances of our early history out of which evolved this peculiar fighting force. These early Rangers were semi- military in character, varied in forma tion and organization, ununiformed tnd undrilled, and Irregular In opera tions. They were, in a sense, indig enous to Texas, having sprung from the soil made fertile by the blood of their kinsmen, and they soon became the frontier fighting force par excel lence of the ' world. They . were the forerunners of such organizations as the Northwest Mounted Pólice of Can ada, the Cape of South Africa and the Pennsylvania State, though unlike any of them. They were the Anglo American solution of the problem of the frontier. The true character of the Rangers becomes clear only In the light of that knowledge which comes from an acquaintanceship with the nature and disposition of their foes, the Mexicans on the one hand and the Indians on. the other. From long experience with the Mex icans the Texans had come to distrust every word and deed of the race. They doubted their honor, feared their mercy and despised their valor les sons dearly learned at the Alamo, Goliad and San Jacinto. From the In dians, whose position on the West has already been indicated, they also took hard lessons. The Comanche warrior was a terrible foe, courageous, cunning and cruel, an adept In all the practices and subterfuges of partisan warfare, and In order to meet him the Ranger had to adopt his tactics. For example, the Comanches always came suddenly, mounted on the fleet prairie mustangs, which they managed with consummate skill, and which bore them away with the speed of the wind. Faced Torture and Death. Again, the Comanches never per mitted themselves to be made captive and to become their prisoner meant torture and death. Here were the ready-made rules by which the Rangers had to fight. They were of necessity superb horsemen, using their legs mostly for mounting and sticking on. They were sure marksmen, show ing great preference for the revolving six-shooter. They were versed In wood craft and possessed an uncanny sense of direction, and they knew the lore of the forest as well as that of the plain. Col. John S. Ford, himself a Ranger, soldier anil newspaper man, summed up their qualities in these words : "The Texas Ranger can ride like a Mexican, trail like an Indian, shoot like a Tennesseean and fight like a very devil." Above all, these frontiers men were the embodiment of Individ ualism. It was their outstanding trait, their chief characteristic. They -vere I months John delivered an address at the dedication exercises of the Coli seum at Dallas, Tex., reciting 51 verses on the war of 1776. His ora tion was distinctly heard by the 10,000 persons in the audience. In the Grand Army of the Republic John ranks as brigadier general, an honor bestowed by that organization. In his mother's home he has installed a powerful wireless apparatus. He supervised all of this work. Some of its parts are of his own manufac ture. A United States government and. aside from being a big attraction Bird Row Over Odd Egg Fascinates Man for Days New York. An elderly man in tattered cnj and suit, sat mo tionless under a tree at One Hundred and Fifty-seventh and Broadway, when a mounted pa trolman, informed that a queer stranger had been sleeping there three days, approached. "I'm interested in birds," the old man said. "ParticularJy In the domestic affairs of the pair of robins above us. I have en joyed their acquaintance three seasons." He then launched into the story of a row that was being waged in the nest,, the result, he said, of the laying there of a cuckoo's egg. "The male "jlrd wanted to throw it out, but the female chirped no,' and has hatched It. I am waiting to see what will happen next.' Queer things, birds?" "Yes," said the patrolman, "CDÜ the folk here about think you're somewhat of a queer bird, too." "How very extraordinary," re plied he of the tattered cloth ing. "Here's my card." The patrolman read : "Prof. Malcolm Ogilvie, New York Or nithological society" and rode on. self-reliant and resourceful, frequentlj extricating themselves from difficul ties, not by fighting but by quid thinking. Only one thing in warfart they had forgotten in their long strug gle with a dual foe, and that was ti surrender. They gave quarter some times but never asked and never ex pected It. Their leaders were natural leaders men who possessed in a high degret the qualities they r Jmlred in others and found essential to themselves. A few of these men were John C. Hays, Ben McCulloch, John S. Ford and the two Rosses. The ranks were filled with those courageous ones who loved action and adventure better than ease and gain. Did Valiant Service. In 1845 Texas joined the Union. The Mexican war followed Immediately, during which the Rangers performed such valiant service as scouts and guerilla fighters with the armies of Taylor and Scott that they were her alded as heroes throughout the nation. In 1874 the Rangers were reorgan ized, six companies of 75 men each. But an important change was made in their status and duties. They were to protect the frontier and fight Indians as before, but, in addition, they were given the power of peace officers. On the northern border they fought Lone Wolfe, Little Bull and other Comanche warriors; on the southwest they guarded the Texas side of the Rio Grande against Cortina and his band of cattle thieves; In the Interior they pursued and killed Sam Bass, broke up the Sutton-Taylor feud and drove the road agents under cover. When not more actively engaged, they guarded prisoners, protected courts and dispersed lynching parties. The Rangers were busy men In those days ! In their double capacity of sol diers and peace officers they presented a novel experiment in government, and one which did not escape criticism. In fact, all the criticism that has evei been brought against the Texas Rangers has been brought again them in their capacity as peace offi cers. Be that as it may, during the ten years following this reorganiza tion the Rangers pushed the Indians to the very limits of Texas, and at the same tinie rendered the Interioi a safe and decent place to live in. The success of their work was due largely to the high personal courage and indomitable spirit of the officers and men. With the passing of the Indian raids, the Rangers were relieved of furthei purely military responsibility, and from 18S5 to the present they have devoted themselves largely to the maintenance of law and order within the state. It's an III Wind, Etc. Athens, O. Bootleggers are doing Athens a good turn. In the first three months of 1920 the city police collected only 575 In fines, but during the first three months of 1921 bootleg gets paid Into the city coffers $2,500. license posted recognizes John as an amateur wireless telegrapher. Maniac Dies in Well of Boiling Water. Beatrice, Neb. Jumping into a cis tern used as an exhaust for pipes from the boiler house, Peter Truelson, forty-seven years old, an inmate of the institution for feeble-minded, was submerged in the boiling water and was scalded to death- Intellect annuls fate. So far as a man thinks he is free. Kmeraon. NEWS TO DATE IN PARAGRAPHS CAUGHT FROM THE NETWORK OF WIRES ROUND ABOUT THE WORLD. DURING THE PAST WEEK RECORD OF IMPORTANT EVENTS CONDENSED FOR BUSY PEOPLE. (Waurn Newspaper Colon New Scrrtee.) WESTERN Francis M. Goodwin of Spokane, Washington, has been nominated by President Harding to be assistant sec retary of the Interior. "He spanked me so hard that for a long time I couldn't sit down," testified Mrs. Irene Gerstad, known on the screen as Irene DeVoss. She was granted a divorce in Los Angeles from Harry W. Gerstad, wielder of the heft, palm. In addition, Gerstad, a motion picture camera-man, was ordered to pay her ?30 a week. Dancing In the cafes of San Fran Cisco's once-famed uptown tenderloin ceases May l by an order promulgated by the police commission. The order forbids further dancing in the Pup and Black Cat cafes, the last two of a scor of establishments in the once-noted district, and leaves only a few resorts, all in the Barbary Coast, where danc Ing Is permitted. Carl Nordlander, 16 years old and an orphan, was found asphyxiated In his room in San Francisco. The police version of his death was that he lost his life through his -devotion to art Lacking the prepared charcoal which artists use for drawings, he apparently had been charring in a gas jet splinters of wood to finish a drawing which was found uncompleted in the room, but had retired without turning the jet en tirely off. Tagged for a journey of several thousand miles by boat and rail Tommy Bradford, 9, and his sister, Margie, 5, are on their way to theii father in Calgary, Alberta. They were shipped by the prosecuting attorney of Seattle, Wash. Held as security for a board bill, according to information reaching the prosecutor from the father and the American consul at Calgary, the children had been with Mrs. H. E. Sloan at Roy since she brought them from Calgary last sum mer. Mrs. Sloan gave them up as soon as an officer called. A collection was taken up to aid the children in their journey. WASHINGTON Secretary Denby has asked for $25, 000 for use In obtaining a historical pictorial record of the American fleet In foreign waters during the war. Should the money be provided, the secretary said, Burnell Poole, an artist, would be engaged to do the work. By direction of President Harding the federal reserve board has under taken a special inquiry into the prob lem of deflating industrial values with out serious injury to the agricultural Interests. It Is understood that some steps to aid agriculture in connection with the deflation trend may be taken by the board in the near future. After having reposed with moth balls for a number of years, the principal articles of dress uniform formerly worn in the navy have been restored to use by an order of Secretary Denby. It authorizes the wearing, on stated occa sions, of the frock coat, full dress trousers, cocked hat, dress sword and sword belt and epaulets. Special full dress dinner dress and mess dress uní forms were not restored. The House - judiciary committee ordered a favorable report on the Vol stead bill permitting organization by farmers, ranchmen, dairymen and fruit growers for purposes of collective marketing. The secretary of agricul ture would have supervisory powers. A brigade of "railroad artillery" has been sent to the .Hawaiian islands for the better protection of that distant post. This force has in large part al ready arrived and as Its name indi cates, is Intended for instant mobiliza tion in case of emergency. The great problem of the army" so far as the island of Oahu and Pearl Harbor are concerned Is to safeguard them from sudden attack in the event of war, A vacation trip to the Pacific coast for President Harding late this fall is being urged by some of his friends, and is understood to be receiving favorable consideration. The President is said to have Indicated, that If he finds op portunity for. a vacation this year he will spend It in the Northwest The northwestern trip first was suggested as part of a trip to Alaska, but it has been indicated that the President has little hope of getting that far away dur ing the present summer. The Interstate Commerce Commis sion has granted authority to the Northern Pacific and Great Northern Railroad companies to issue $230,000,- 000 of joint fifteen-year convertable gold bonds at not less than 91.5 per cent, and authorized the comany to is sue and pledge $33,000,000 of other bonds to aid In securing the Joint bonds. The issue was authorized to enable the two roads to retire joint bonds amounting to $215,227,000, Is sued in 1901 for the purpose of pur chasing the Chicago, Burlington & Qulncy railroad. Aviation has been given insufficient attention "by the people, the Congress and the navy,". Secretary Denby de clared before the House naval commit tee. He advocated enactment of Rep resentative Hicks' bill to create a sep arate navy bureau of aeronautics as a first step towards remedying the defi ciency. An appropriation of $2,000,000 to construct in Washington a building for storage of bullion and currency has been requested by Secretary Mellon, who said present facilities wer Inade quate. I FOREIGN ' The Tivoll gambling establishment. one of the largest of the kind ever operated in Mexico, -has closed Its doors In compliance with orders from Governor Enriquez of Chihuahua. The place has been in operation since the first of the present year and during that time paid $.".0C,0(KJ gold in license fees to the state government. Physicians of Dublin, regardless of politics, have ignored the order of th government military authorities to re port at once the arrival in hospitals o persons suffering from gunshot wounds. Thus far no proceedings havi been taken against them. The order was intended to aid the military in identifying their attackers, many of whom escape though wounded. Reports "from Paris from an author tative source say the Council of the League of Nations has decided to award the Aland islands to Finland Sweden insisted on ownership of th islands, but the decision states tha "Finland's right is incontestable." The soviets refuse to recognize the alloca tion of the islands to anyone except Russia, as they control the entrance to Petrograd. Rene Yiviani, special French envoy, en route home. In a wireless messa of congratulations to the American Le gion, Its national commander, Col. F. W. Galbraith, Jr., and General Persh ing, invited the legion men to visi France and declared he never would forget the "courageous soldiers" of America. "Among the great people who love them, they will .find anew the im age of the great country which they honor," the message concluded. Dr Koudish, Russian Soviet repre sentative at Constantinople, who was given a British passport vise to goto London to confer with Leonid Krassin Soviet minister of trade and commerce, was assaulted and beaten by a Russian colonel while dining with his wife in a restaurant. The colonel exclaimed "How dare you drink champagne among the victims of Soviet Russia!' British police who were called In told Koudish : "You are free to strike back." He demanded British official protection. Riccardo Zanella, leader of the Fi ume people's party and head of the communistic faction in the Italian elec tions, by a coup d'etat, occupied the city hall at Flume. Count Caccia Dominione, the Italian minister, left Flume aboard a torpedo boat destroyer owing to the rioting. The frontier lias been closed by a brigade of Infuntry. When the Autonomists claimed they. hay won the election by more than a thousand votes, Zanella and his forces stormed the city hall and ejected the old administration. GENERAL Filling stations in the Middle West have dropped gasoline from 25 to 22 cents a gallon, it was announced by the Standard Oil Company of Indiana. Gasoline at tank wagous is now 20 in stead of 23 cents. Plans for recruiting harvest hands in Kansas this season were discussed at a conference of heads of employment agencies in the various cities and the labor department of the industrial court. It was estimated 40,000 to 50, 000 men would be required to gather the 1921 crop. Reports from districts swept by a violent windstorm shows that the counties of Hamilton, Webster and Adams were, visited and the property damage is considerable. Fifty farms within a radius of twenty-five miles of Hastings, Neb., were swept. On number of farms the barns and out buildings were completely destroyed and the houses damaged. On several farms horses and sheep were either killed or injured. In the vicinity of Guide Rock the wind took the form of tornado, unroofing several 'houses and in one or two instances completely destroying them. Cutt off from the fortune of George M. Oyster, the widow, Mrs. Cecil Ready Oyster of Syracuse, N. Y., will wage a bitter legal battle for a large part ol the estate, it was predicted here when word came from Atlantic City that Oyster shortly before his deatlr had executed a codicil to his will by which the society girl he married January 15 was disinherited. 3- With the definite selection of Boyle's thirty acres," adjoining Mont- ;omery park in Jersey City, as the site of the arena for the Dempsey-Carpen- tier heavyweight championship bout July 2, training plans of the contest ants were laid accordingly. It is gen erally understood that the champion will select Atlantic City, while the Frenchman will train on Long Island Miss Lucia Russell Briggs, daughter of Lebaron-Russell Briggs, president ol Radcliffe College, and dean "of the faculty of arts and sciences at Har vard, has been chosen president of Mil waukee Downer College at Milwaukee, Wis. She succeeds Miss Ellin C. Sobin. Miss Briggs is a graduate of Radcliffe, and since 1915 has been connected with the English department at Simmons College. Papers filed In the county clerk's office at Buffalo, N. Y., state that Ethel J. Muhan, owner of a grocery store, became so worried over fear that the government would confiscate her business, because of possible errors In her Income tax report, that she lost her mind. She was committed to the state hospital for the Insane by Acting Judge Ottoway. Floods threatened several parts of Milwaukee and residents of the south shore faced the loss of their homes through continued crumbling of the shore as the result of steady rains. Frank Seward, said to be from Chillicothe, Ohio, wanted in Toledo In connection with the murder of two de tectives, is in a serious condition at an Omaha hospital suffering from bul let wounds, self-inflicted, after leaping from the fourth floor of a hotel, where he was cornered by Omaha police. Hal Chase, noted former major league ball player, has been arrested by San Jose, Calif., officers on a war rant which they said had been Issued in Chicago in connection with recent inquiries into baseball scaudal charges. Gives Tanlac Credit For Splendid Health V t V .0 é U .at T. J. PARKER 4246 Juneau Street, Seattle, Wash. "I used to think all the Tanlac tes timonials were exaggerated, but 1 have felt thankful a thousand times I ever belfeved in It strong enough to give the medicine a trial," said T. J. Parker, well-known saleman for Gately's Clothing Store, residing at 4246 Juneau St., Seattle, Wash. "Several years ago I commenced having periodic spells of sickness and a few months ago I had an attack that I thought would finish me. When I did finally get up, I was scarcely able to go. I had no appetite and what lit tle I forced myself to eat caused so muchgas on my stomach I could hard ly get my breath. "At night I was often so bloated I couldn't breathe while lying down and just had to sit-up and struggle -for air. At times I had cramps so bad I could hurdly endure It. Over the Top! These are hard times for the poor working girl. It is all she can" do to make the top of her socks meet the hem of her skirt. Cartoons Magazine. Gloomy penitence Is only madness turned upside down. Dr. Johnson. Wisdom is the knowledge of know ing what to do next. E. Markham. Absence of Disease Isn't Health; You Need Vitality, Energy You may have no particular dis ease, and yet fall far short of en joying: real health. To be actually healthy you must be sturdy, alert, vigorous, a-sparkle with enthus iasm and the joy of living fairly bubbling; over with vitality and energy. Are you thus ? If you are well,, yet listless and unambitious, it is because you lack some quality that would fill you with vim and drive, and nine times out of ten the sole cause of this lack is found to be disordered, weak blood. Wholesome blood is the very fountain source of that energy which puts spring into your mus cles, snap into your step and spar- F0R THE BLOOD Standard for over 50 years Thousands sfifeppyKolIS3I7il, 4 MM -.-vj; are helping their husbands to prosper are gfad thrv encouraeed them to so own save paying rent and reduce cost of living where they could reach prosperity and independence by buying on aasy tar Fertile Land land similar to that which through many years has yielded frwa 19 to 45 bushels of wheat to th acre. Hundreds of farmers in Westera Canada have raised crops in a single season worth more than the whoi cost of their land. With such crops come prosperity, independence, good homes, and all the comforts and conveniences which make for happy uvws- Farm Gardens Poultry Dairying are sources of income second only to grain growing and stock raisins. 1 9 . sak A uooa climate, good neighbors, courcnes, rv 'iUfjS schools, rural telephone, etc., give you the Jger&S '5. - opportunities ot a new vemences ot old settled For Jllastrmted literature, zann oppononiiiea m and Albarta. reduced Department ot Immigration. Ottawa. Can., or W. V. Boom 4. flee Bldg, Omaha, Neb. Canadian Government Agent "My liver was sluggish and some times I got so dizzy I would nearly fall. I felt tired and miserable ull the time, couldn't even sleep and for days at a time I wasn't able to go to work. "Well, a friend of mine finally got me to try Tanlac, and it certainly has done a good job for me. My appe tite is fine now and although I ani eating just anything I want and as much as I please, my stomach never gives me the least trouble. I have picked up In weight, my strength has come back to me, and I am now en joying the best of health. "All the men at the store know Tanlac put me back on my feet, and I am glad to give this statement for what it may be worth to others." Tanlac is sold by leading druggist everywhere. Adv. Immune. James May I kiss you? Eileen They say kissing tends te the propagation of microbes. James Well, you kiss me. then. I'm not afraid of them. Carolina Tar Baby. The man who will not listen to safe ty rules may have to listen to an am bulance gong. kle into your eyes. If you want all this, begin right now to enrich your blood stream. You will find, at. thousands of others have found in the last fifty years, that S.S.S. is an excellent remedy to do this for you, one that removes the poisonous impurities and helps build your blood into rich, nourishing supply. S.S.S. is an herb compound, discovered by the Indians, and still made as they made it. Get S.S.S. from your druggist to day. Start taking, and then if you want expert medical advice free, write in detail about your condition to Chief Medical Advisor, 862 Swift Laboratory, Atlanta, Georgia. Swift Specific C, Dept. SC2, Atlanta, Ga. Pirase send ne your free booklet so S.1X Name St. or R. F. D.. Town .State. where thev could make a home of their at $15 to $30 an Acre lana wun we con districts. .mapa, deaeHptioa of aaarucoo. saaaaxenawan. railway ratea, etc.. write BENNETT . MA 771 Lij- : . Í5W -rz!2SsaV7m IGSCf