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THE HOLBROOK NEWS, HOLBR00K ARIZONA. JUNE 3. 1921.
IT Atfe5 1 Scene In the main square of Innsbruck during the plebiscite Inwhlcli Uie mhubiiauis oi Austrian T yrol voted for annexation to Germany.2 Car in which the armistice was signed installed in courtyard of the Invalides at Paris. 3 Miss Sonia Shearer, queen of beauty In HumaneEducational society parade in Washl ngton. NEWS REVIEW OF CURRENT EVENTS Upper Silesia Row Threatens Break Between France and the Other Aflies. LLOYD GEORGE VS. BR1ANQ United State Will Take No Hand In the Dispute Administration Drops Fight on Borah's Naval Reduo , tion Plan Railway Wage. Cut Coming. i - . By EDWARD W. PICKARD. Upper Silesia threatens to become u wedge to split the entente alliance. The Poles, slowing up In their Insur gent movement, are relying on France end have asked at least the moral sup port of America. The British, as rep resented by their government, are thoroughly disgusted with the Poles and resent the attitude and actions of the French. . France practically unan imously stands back of the Poles and promises to "go It alone" If necessary. Jtaly and Japan are said to side with the British, and America will not, for the present, mix in the imbroglio at all. Premier Lloyd George probably has been talking too much a fault of his .which has been In evidence before. jFlrst he told the house of commons that Poland was In the wrong, that it Was up to the allied plebiscite forces, rwjiich are mighty weak, to restore or Ider in Upper Silesia and put the Poles 'back where he thinks they belong, and that if they could not do it, fairness demanded that the Germans be per mitted to do it He also sent to Paris a note severely criticising the action of the French troops in Upper Silesia and declaring the French government iwas supporting Korfanty in his rebel ión. Premier Brland and the press of Paris responded with bitter attacks on the course being pursued by Great Britain, and it was declared France never would recognize the alleged promise made' by the British to Ger imany, that she should have Upper Si lesia in return for acceptance of the reparations ultimatum. Though the total plebiscite vote in the eone was in favor of Germany, certain of the districts voted for union with Poland, and the French claim these should go ito Poland in accordance with the jtreaty of Versailles. In fact both sides to the controversy assert that ithat treaty must be carried out, but apparently they interpret it different ly. The French say order could have (been maintained easily If Great Brit ain had not withdrawn her part of the occupational force, and that her ex use that the troops were needed at borne la insufficient. The opposition press In England admits the truth of tthls. Mr. Lloyd George reinforced his statements by further assertion that !he would not accept the French con tentions, and he spoke with biting jsarcasm of the attitude of the French press. The editors of Paris, indeed, Are saying some - very unpleasant things about the British prime minis ter and his government. One of them prints an account of alleged intrigues with Berlin concerning the ultimatum, designed to give the British complete ontrol of the economic situation in Europe, and another accuses Lloyd .George of thinking he can continue to dictate laws for the continent. "He forgets," says this editor, "that the French army is available for backing France's word, whereas England Is represented in Europe only by Mr. Lloyd George's speeches." As a matter of fact, even granting the technical and moral correctness f the British position, the French have the best of it from a material point of view. Their army numbers more than 800,000 men; that of Po-4 land is the second largest In Europe not counting the soviet Russians and the efforts of France since the armis TO TAX HUNGARIANS HEAVILY Government Will Adopt Strenuous Means to Restore Financial Stability to the Country. , Paris. Hungary is the first big country emerging from the war to tackle the financial problems courage ously. France Is imposing some more taxes and waiting for Germany to pay war reparations ; Germany and England are Imposing more taxes and waiting for f .11 í; ? 'fir- If Ih tice to build up a block of friendly nations In central Europe has given her the support of Czecho-Slovakla Jugo-Slavla, and very probably of Hungary and Roumania. At this time It seems certain that France will en force, by arms if necessary, abstention by Germany from armed intervention In Upper Silesia, and compliance by Germany with the terms of the ulti matum concerning both the payment of reparations and disarmament. France is still standing ready to oc cupy the Ruhr and will not ask for much excuse to carry out that move ment. The supreme council is expected to convene very soon, especially to take up the Silesian problem, and Ameri can Ambassador Harvey will sit with it. But, as was said above, he will take no part in the discussions concerning that question, nor will he even express an opinion on It. This was made clear by Secretary of State Hughes in his reply to an appeal from Poland for American support. Mr. Hughes explained to Prince Lubom- lrsky, Polish minister, that this is In accord with the "traditional policy of the United States" not to become in volved In matters of purely European concern. The Polish note accuses the allies, except France, of dealing with the whole question "not by principles of Justice, but by the material Inter ests of those powers," and It con cludes: "This Is not a purely Euro pean matter. On the just solution of the matter of Upper Silesia depends the pacification of this province and the stimulation of its productivity, which has a great importance in the re-establishment of the economic sta bility of the whole world." So the Silesian question has created a most serious situation, and Germany Is sitting back hopeful of a real breach. In the unity of the allies. But prob ably wiser councils will prevail, the anger of the chief actors will subside, and some peaceful way out of the muddle will be discovered. The allies last week sent to Berlin a note reiterating the demand that Germany be disarmed by June 30, and the German government began looking for means of compliance, especially as regards the orgesch of Bavaria which has refused to disband. Berlin Informed the reparations commission that It was ready to pay 150,000,000 gold marks of the billion due May 31. The sum, partly in gold and partly in foreign securities, will be paid through an American bank, probably Morgan's. The gold will be deposited In the Relchsbank subject to call and a check sent to New York and from there to Paris. Thus the transfer of 60 tons of gold from Berlin to Paris Is obviated. The United States government is not concerned In the transaction. Early last week It became apparent that the administration had virtually abandoned its fight against Senator Borah's amendment to the pending naval appropriation bill, which requests the President to enter into negotia tions with Great Britain and Japan for an agreement to curtail naval building. Maybe Mr. Harding's change of attitude was forced, for test votes In the senate on Wednesday showed the opponents of. the naval affairs committee's program were nu merous enough to do about as they pleased. The opposition Included sev eral insurgent Republican senators and all the Democrats. Senator Poin dexter, chairman, already had written to the President informing him of the situation, stating that many of the administration's strongest supporters would be embarrassed if called on to vote against the Borah amendment, which they had advocated in the last hours of the Wilson administration. He did not tell what the President replied, but said: "I have received nothing Indicating any need for mak ing a point of Order against or oppos ing the Borah amendment, which is the same as the one adopted in the last congress. I am heartily In favor of an international limitation of arm aments upon a basis doing justice to the United States and not imperiling our national safety." The bill as adopted by the naval committee calls for the outlay of $500, 000,000 for the navy next year. The Insurgents and Democrats succeeded In amending It in several particulars, I a revival of their pre-war trade; Aus tria admits bankruptcy and is turning her affairs over to the allies and the smaller Balkan countries are crying for help. But the Hungarian government has decided to lay a direct tax on capital. The bill is about Ho be Introduced in the Hungarian parliament in the hope that it will bring Hungdry quickly to her feet. The measure provides first for a tax, ranging from 5 to 20 per cent on savings bank deposits and securities. If r r w m i reducing various specific appropri ations and killing one completely that of $1.150.000 for a drydock at the Charleston navy yard. It was predicted the insurgents would not go further In the disarm ament plan than to force adoption of the Borah amendment, though they might favor me offered by Senator Pomerene authorizing the President to suspend the present building program pending the outcome of the proposed negotiations. The administration also let the house know that it had no objection to its proceeding with the peace with Germany resolution, and the house committee on foreign affairs has be gun work on the measure. The house leaders do not agree with certain phases of the Knox resolution adopted by the senate, but the differences prob ably can easily be reconciled. Continuing' Its hearings on the Vol stead bill to make the prohibition en forcement law more drastic, the bouse judiciary committee did not find any friends of beer or the medical boot iegger. Manufacturers of flavoring extracts, patent medicines and per fumes, in protesting against added re strictions, were outspoken in opposi tion to medical beer and the sale of concoctions, masquerading as medl cine. Chemists appeared before the committee and protested vigorously against legislation which, they be lieved, would tend to restrict the legiti mate use of alcohol in industry. Representative Ryan of New York has introduced In the house a bill which would permit the sale of 5 per cent beer and 14 per cent wine In states where a referendum showed the voters wished it. This,, of course, won't get anywhere except into pigeonhole, but there was some real solace for the wets in last ' week's news. On Friday more than two-thirds of the federal prohibition forees were discharged on orders from Commis sioner Kramer, because of lack of funds with which to pay their salaries. This condition will last. It was assert ed, for 40 days, and the bootleggers all over the country got busy at once. Mr. Kramer hoped the police would supply the deficiency in enforcing the dry law, but in the cases of many cities his hope was baseless. After one day's consideration of the railway wage case, the federal railway labor board made a prelim inary announcement forecasting a gen eral reduction of wages on every rail road, effective July 1. On June 1 the board will make its decision on wage disputes filed prior to April IS, and this will set the standard for all fu ture decisions affecting the two million employees who were granted a $000,- 000,000 annual wage increase one year ago. The reduction may be as much as 12 per cent An immediate result of the announcement was the re. employment of 3,000 men by the Chica go & Alton, and there were predic tions that practically all of the 250, 000 railway men now out of work would be employed by the time the wage reductions go into effect Few things lately have given the American people more satisfaction than the sentencing of Mrs. Emma Bergdoll of Philadelphia and of her son Charles F. Braun and several oth ers for the part they took in the es cape from the draft of her two sons. Grover and Erwin. Mrs. Bergdoll must pay a fine of $7,000 or go to the federal penitentiary for a year and a day. Braun and J. E. Romig received the same sentence. Others are to pay smaller fines or serve lesser terms Id prison. Two eminent Americans passed away last week Edward Douglass White, chief Justice of the United States Supreme court and Franklin K. Lane, for seven years secretary of the Interior In President Wilson's cab inets. Both of them succumbed after surgical operations. Chief Justice White, a native of Louis iana, was in his seventy-sixth year. He served In the , Con federate army during the Civil war and was elected to the senate in 1891. President Cleveland appointed him to the Supreme court bench, and Presi dent Taft made him chief Justice. Hungarian banks will thus be forced to turn over to the government a sum estimated at about half a million dollars. Extravagances in women's clothing will be hit hard and there are clauses designed to drag money from the man who drinks or smokes. In introducing the bill the chan cellor of the exchequer will announce that Hungary will issue no more paper money and that the government in tends to practice every economy to restore normal financial conditions. NEWS TO DATE IN PARAGRAPHS :aught from the network of WIRES ROUND ABOUT THE WORLD. DURING THE PAST WEEK RECORD OF IMPORTANT EVENTS CONDENSED FOR BUSY PEOPLE. (Western Stwiptpy Union Newi Senlce.) WESTERN A tornado near Harmony, Neb., de stroyed a large number of farm out buildings, killed considerable livestock. and resulted in injuries to three per sons. Four bandits, traveling by automo bile, robbed the Hunter Town State Bank, north of Fort Wayne, Ind., of about $3,000 worth of bonds and cur rency. A bill imposing a tax of $5 a year on all bachelors and spinsters in Yukon territory, in addition to the existing poll tax, has been passed by the Leg islature. William Beasley, charged with breaking jail at KoeUport, Mo., who was shot by Sheriff Fischer at Nebras ka City, Neb., while attempting to evade arrest, died In hospital at that place. . Mrs. Edith Johnston, for twelve years head of the lip language depart ment of the Nebraska school for deaf at Omaha, leaped to her death from the seventh floor of a hotel. She had been in ill health for some time. The seven members of the Oregon Supreme Court signed a telegram to President Harding petitioning him . to appoint William Howard Taft as a member of the United States Supreme Court to succeed the late Chief Jus tice White. Recommendation that a 7,000-foot peak in the Tatoosh range, Ranier Na tional Park, will be named Lane Peak, in honor of Franklin K. Lane, former secretary of the Interior, who died re cently, has been forwarded to the Na tional Geographic Board by the Ra nier Park Advisory Board at Seattle. A. S. Embree, self-acknowledged I. W. W. leader, was sentenced from one to ten years in the state penitentiary after having been found guilty of crim inal syndicalism by a jury at Wallace, Idaho. On the witness stand Embre declared he filled the place of William D. Haywood as supreme officer of the L W. W. for two months in 1918. John C. Marsh of Memphis, agent of the Secret Service, arrived in Lit tle Rock with B. G. Morgan, who was arrested at Hot Springs In connection with recent threatening letters writ ten to President Harding. Morgan will be examined as to his sanity. He said he had traveled extensively recently and that he had "fallen out with Har ding." WASHINGTON The grain standardization laboratory of the Department of Agriculture was practically ruined by two explosions of chemicals which were of such force as to shake the east wing in which the laboratory is located. No one was In jured. Funds for airplane mail service from New York to San Francisco are almost exhausted. Postmaster General Hays advised Congress, and service must be suspended May 31, lacking a deficien cy appropriation of $125,000. Under a treasury ruling appropriations for rail way mall service cannot be used for the air service, Mr. Hays said, and cur rent appropriations of $1,250,000 for transcontinental air route will not last beyond this month. A resolution proposing that Oct. 12, the anniversary of Columbus' discov ery of America be made a legal holi day, has been Introduced by Represen tative Perlman, Republican, New York. Sale of 5 per cent beer . and wine with a 14 per cent alcoholic content would be permitted In states where voters approved such liberalizing of prohibition enforcement if a bill intro duced by Representative Ryan, Repub lican, of New York, became a law. The measure provides for a popular refer endum in each state on petition of 15 per cent of qualified voters. Final statistics placing the total pop ulation of continental United States at 105,710,620, or 27,512 more than an nounced last October, when prellmiu ary figures were given out were sub mitted to Speaker Gillette of the House of Representatives for appor tionment purposes by the census bu reau. Final figures place the total population of the outlying possession; of the United States at 12,148,738 which brings the population for the en tire country and its possessions to 117, 859,358. The "two-bit" piece came back Into its own at Idaho Falls, Ida, when thi largest restaurant in the city an nounced "ham and eggs" back at tin old pre-war price. The price cuts that attracted the hungry ones at the "two bit" price were "beef and gravy" and pork chops. Prices for all these have been 50 cents. A resolution directing that "The Star-Spangled Banner" be sung every day in the House immediately aftei the chaplain's prayer has been intro duced by Representative Appleby, Re publican, New Jersey. W. Irving Glover, a New York busi ness man, has been nominated bj President Harding to be third assist ant postmaster general. At the same time the president announced the ap pointment of John Edwards of Mitch ell, Ind., as solicitor for the postoffice department Rear Admiral S. S. Robison, com manding the Boston navy yard and sta tion, has been detailed to be military governor of San Domingo. He will re lieve Rear Admirsl Thomas Snowden, who reaches the retirement nge this summer. ' FOREIGN The next session of the League of Nations council lias been postponed from June 9 until June 17. Attempts to establish trade between Italy and Russia have failed, according to the Bolshevist representative who asked for his passports at Rome. A number of persons are reported to have been killed or wounded during fighting at Buenos Aires in the port zone when union laborers attampted to prevent non-union workers from un loading ships. Rebels have adopted a new method for attacks on police barracks In Ire land. Traveling by train, they com pelled the trainmen to stop the train at Balloghaderreen, where they opened fire on the barracks. The police re plied, wounding one passenger in the train. According to reports in labor circles, Bunjl Suzuki, the president of the Yuai-Kal, Japan's labor confederation will soon resign from, his office. Among the various rumors, that which stands out prominently is íiat Mr. Su zuki is not In harmony with the more radical elements In his organization An Italian tenor dropped dead on the stage of the Bellinzona theater in Geneva while singing in the last act of Puccini's "La Boheme" to Mlml who was lying dying on a bed. The actress, unaware of the tenor's death continued singing her role until a phy sician appeared on the stage and or dered the curtain rung down. American forms of spelling have been barred from official documents in the high court at Melbourne. The federal chief justice has announced that he will not allow their introduc tion and ordered the spelling of the words "program" and "center changed to "programme" and "centre.' He remarked that English spelling was good enough for him. While digging for water on his farm a short distance from Calgary, Alberta, William Embree stopped work for , a moment to light his pipe, and in stoop ing down to do so ignited gas coming from the well. The flame shot sev eral feet in the air and was only put out by the use of sods and earth. This strike of natural gas was made at a depth of 130 feet, and is said to be a wet gas, Indicating the probability of oil. Sudden death claimed Theodore Lut- tof, the "Cossack Hercules," after per forming feats of strength in the Na tional theater at Havana during a wrestling carnival the other day. He had twisted iron bars and supported upon his shoulders a steel rail to which eighteen persons were hanging by their hands, without apparent ill effects, but after the performance he dropped dead .while emerging from a shower bath. GENERAL After slashing his wife's throat with a razor, R. B. Eaton, 45 years old, a farmer residing near Siloam Springs, Ark, shot to death his 13-year-old step-daughter and then ended his own life with the same yeapon. The bodies wer found on the floor of the living room at Eaton's home. Rev. Guy Kyle was sentenced to eighteen years' imprisonment and fined $3,000 In Federal Court at St. Louis when he pleaded guilty, of rob bing the mails of $189,000. Loren Williamson, partner in a garage busi ness at Mount Vernon, 111, was found guilty by a jury previously and given the same sentence. Flames which shot from a stove and burned Mrs. Alfred L'Ecuyer's arm when she replenished the firebox with coal which had been stored in the basement resulted in the discovery of oil seeping into the excavation beneath the L'Ecuyer home In the heart of Spokane's residence district. Several gallons of the fluid were baled from the basement in a day, according to Mrs. L'Ecuyer's account, conveyed by neighbors. Mr. and Mrs. Ton Christian of Can lou. Mo, are happy again. Their fourth set of twins arrived to greet five singles. "We'll welcome the fifth pair of twins," says Mr. Christian, who Is a Christian. One large Chicago brewery and two other smaller ones in Illinois have been seized by agents from the Internal revenue office, it was announced on formal complaints charging them with making and selling beer containing more than one-half of one per cent of alcohol. Herbert Prentice Crane, Jr, son of Herbert P. Crane, Chicago millionaire, was sentenced to from one to twenty years in prison for an attack on Louise Sturm, a 13-year-old girl. Judge Thompson overruled a motion for a new trial. Crane's attorney announced that an appeal would be taken. Raymond Doollttle, 4, is dead and several other children are seriously ill as a result physicians believe, of eat- ng poisoned candy. The Doollttle boy became 111 after eating candy he had ought at a neighborhood store. He was seized with nausea and convul sions that resulted In his death. Mary Garden, impresario of the Chi cago Grand Opera Company, has sailed for Europe. Accompanied by her sis ter, Mrs. John Walsh, she will join her inpther at Monte Carlo. She ex pects to return next autumn with a number of recruits for her organiza tion. Porcelain money for Guatemala has deen designed at the former royal porcelain works in Saxony. If aceept- d, this currency will replace the hard ubber coins now In circulation. Papr uoney cannot be used because of cii- natlc conditions. A necklace of pearls, diamonds and platinum, valued at $40,000, was found by E. L. Kelly, a guard on the pier, where the Aquitania docked at New York. Customs officials believe the necklace was lost by a smuggler. Louis C. Lewis, 79 years old, law yer, died in a New York hospital. Death was due to shock which he suf fered when his left thigh was frac tured by a revolving door. Cleveland Tutt a negro, was beaten to death by a mob . of negroes at Shreveport, La, after he had shot to death a negro and negreas at a dance. ..n ii tmn i -ii ii m.m ..i. i "JT.. 1 -im imyrr"i t0 Beyond Cure. Steve arrived late at his work near ly every morning, and the warehouse manager took him before the manager hoping by this means to cure him. "This Is a serious case," said the manager, with assumed sternness. What have you to say for yourself. my lad?" "Aw'll say nowt abeawt It, sir, if yo' don't," replied Steve. "H'm ! Have you ever been up be fore me since you started working here?" continued the manager. "Dunno, sir," replied Steve. "What time do you' mostly get up?" Los An geles Times. SHAKE INTO YOUR SHOES And sprinkle in the foot-bath ALLEN'S FOOT EASE, the antiseptic, healing pow der for Painful, Swollen, Smarting Feet. It prevents blisters and sore BDOts and takes the sting; out of corns and bunions. Always use Allen's Foot Ease to break in new shoes and enjoy the bliss of feet without an ache. Adv. THREW FLOWERS AND GEMS London Crowd Benefited by Woman's Enthusiasm Over the Ending of the Great War. . During the peace rejoicings one night in London several guests stand ing at the upper windows of a West End restaurant began to throw roses down to the crowds packed in the street below. A woman In evening dress, after throwing out numbers of roses, took a bracelet from her arm and tossed It to the people, following this with a ring from her finger. Then, after throwing more roses, she took the ornaments from her hair and threw these also into the strug gling mass of people below. An elderly man at an adjoining win dow threw out several spoons and forks, and then, finding nothing else at hand, threw an apple which was deft ly caught and promptly retu'-ned, striking the window close by, but for tunately, without breaking the glass. The women - then began to throw out treasury notes, wadding them into small talis and flinging them one by one to the excited crowd. After get- tirg rid of seven or e''tt notes, she expressively spread out her hands to Indicate that she had nothing more. and was loudly cheered. Who cares to pause and consider how many calories there are in a dish of strawberries? A man may be born with ability. but he has to hustle for experience. Almost as Easy as Wishing Tfour breakfast cup is ready without trouble or delay when IlTSTAWT F0OTJM is the table beverage. To á teaspooníul of Instant Postum in the cup. add hot water, stir, and you have a satisfying", comfort ing' drink,delightful in taste and with no harm to nerves or digestion . As many cups as you like, without regret, "There's a Keasoii9 Youx grocer sells Po s turn in two Forms, Postum Cereal, (in packages) made by boiling full 2 O minutes. Instant Postum un. tins) made instantly in the cup by adding hocoaosx Madebj Postum Cereal Co. Inc., Battle Credc,MicL PRICES osphate Baking Had Historic Foundation. "Babes In the Wood" Is founded oa a crime committed in the Fifteenth century, the full history of which may be seen carved on the mantel shelf la an ancient house In Norfolk, England. Cuticura Soothes Baby Rashes That itch and burn with hot baths of Cuticura Soap followed by gentle anointings of Cuticura Ointment Nothing better, purer, sweeter, espe cially If a little of the fragrant Cuti cura Talcum Is dusted on at the fin ish. 25c each everywhere. Adv. DOG CAUGHT HIS OWN FISH Sportsman Given Authority for Re markable Story That Appears in a London Periodical. The London "zoo" fishing cat which so steadfastly refuses to show Itself except at meal times has a rival la the fishing dog, says London Answers. . A sportsman was on the west coast of Madagascar, when he observed a dog come out of the thick bush la front of him and trot briskly down to the edge of the sea. When it had got a little way Into the water it stopped and remained perfectly still, as a heron might when fishing at home. Its glance was never once taken off the water. Suddenly it thrust Its bead into aa oncoming wave, and reappeared with a large fish in its mouth. Quickly tak ing its capture ashore it squatted down and made a hearty meat After a while the fishing operation was re peated, and It was evident to the wit cess of the Incident that the dog mad a regular practice of It Worse Than the Female. "Female movie stars are pretty dif ficult propositions, but the male movl star gee 1" The speaker was Harry Leon Wil son, the novelist and erstwhile sce nario writer. He went on: "A pretty Los Angeles girl was lunching with one of these mal movie stars the other day. "'What a pity it is,' she said to him, 'that handsome men are always so conceited.' "'Not always, little girl,' he said. I'm not'" Not to Be Deceived. Mr. Newrich (examining curio) "Two thousand years old? You cant kid me! Why. it's only 1021 now!" The Passing Show (London).