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THE HOLBROOK NEWS, HOLBROOK. ARIZ.. OCTOBER 6.
Southwest News - From All Over New Mexico and Arizona Harvey Burkett of Fort Sumner, who was recently convicted of second degree murder for the killing of Ora Hall, was sentenced to serve from forty to fifty years in the state peni tentiary. Attorneys for the defense have filed notice of appeal to the State Supreme Court, hond being fixed at $25,000. Stockmen of Dona Ana county, co operating with Las Cruces Chamber of Commerce and the New Mexico Col lege of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, entertained officers and mem bers of the executive committee of the New Mexico Cattle and Horse Grow ers' Association in Las Cruces and at State College, Sept. 27-29. S. S. Ward, president of the First National Bank of Hope, X. M., after investigating the affairs of the bank at Hope, which closed following the disappearance of Hugh M. Gage, cash ier, said more than $100,000, or prac tically all of the bunk's securities, are missing. He said only $108 has been found in the bank. W. E. Seyfred, president of the State Federation of Labor, and An drew Bruno, a taxi driver, both of Al buquerque, weje found guilty in the District Court in Santa Fe" of the il legal interstate transportation of ex plosives on a passenger train. Attor neys for the defendants announced that an appeal will be filed. Jesse Hulett, receiver of the Hoi brook State Bank, at Holbrook, Ariz., has filed a suit at law in the U, S, district clerk's office in Santa F4 against the First National Bank of Albuquerque, asking judgment in a total sum of $6G,S7L38, not including hundreds of dollars in interest, on fif teen alleged causes of action. A verdict of guilty, carrying the death penalty, was returned in I res- cot t by the jury trying William E. Acker, charged with the murder of Iver Enge, near Prescott last June. He received the announcement of the Jury foreman apparently unmoved. Enge was found lying at the point of death In a ravine on the afternoon of Sunday, June 11, last. A. B. Van Zandt, the 22-year-old bank clerk of the First State Bank of Patagonia, who is charged with hav ing fled from Patagonia with $200 of the bank's funds, and who was arrest ed in Magdaiena. Sonora, was brought to the border and lodged in a cell in Nogales, Sonora, pending extradition to the American side of the border on a charge of embezzlement. . It was learned in Globe, Ariz., that the body of Rafael Carbajul, 34 years old, was found under his home, a mile from Globe. The authorities said he had taken poison. The bodies of Car- bajal's wife, 28 years old, and Domin go Kojo, 73 years old, a neighbor, als were discovered. The woman had been stabbed and the man had been shot. A knife and shotgun were found near the bodies. The authorities expressed the opinion that Kojo had been slain when he went to the assistance of Mrs. Carbajal. t?amp Furlong, for many years one of the attractions of Columbus, N. M, will soon be abandoned and all the troops will be sent to Fort Benning. Ga., according to a report issued by the War Department. Stationed at the camp at the present time are the headquarters company and two bat talions of the Twenty-fourth Infantry. Troops have been stationed at the camp for many years, but it Is be lieved that with the moving of the troops, the camp will not be used again. Pedro Baca, of Las Vegas, has been arrested charged with .the murder of Refugi Mundragon. It is alleged that the body of the man killed was hid in the bushes, but it has not been re covered by the authorities. Bids have been asked for the new high school which is to be erected in Willard, N. M., soon, the cost to be over $30,000. Trost & Trost of El Paso are the architects and if the present plans are carried out, the new building will be one of the best in this part of the state. Other buildings will be started soon and the building busi ness for the fall season looks bright. Alva E. Smith, when arraigned at Parker, Ariz was held to the action vof the Superior Court on three charges embezzlement, misappropriation of funds and failure to make an impor tant entry in the books of a corpora tion, it was made known when Smith was brought back to the Yuma county jail at Yuma. He was unable to fur nish bail, which was fixed by the court at $25,000 on each cliarge. Smith is being held in connection with the wrecking of the Valley Bank at Parker. He is specifically charged with the embezzlement of $40,000 of the bank's funds. After a search of three weeks, Sher iff Campbell of Flagstaff found the body of Lesse Tanner. 30, lying on the desert where he had died, half way be tween Flagstaff and the bridge across the Little Colorado river. Tanner's wrists had been slushed with a pocket knife. Workmen found the body of A. Jeff Hirsch, pioneer Southwestern mining man, in his mine four miles from Hillsboro, N. M. Hirsch was the only man caught in a cavein at the mine, t'itizens had been working in reliefs trying to reach his body. Announcement was made in Silver City by the Chino Copper Company of a 10 per cent wage increase to miners, effective Oct. 1. The increase is vol untary and is said by the company to be due to the improving condition of the copper mining industry in the Southwest. Following the serious shooting of Joseph Brinkley at Price's Station, ten miles east of l.orence, Ariz., Boh Cuple, prospector, is lodged in the county jail at Lorem e. Brinkley was wounded three times, the culmination of an altercation over mining claims. ABDICATION OF KING IS FORCED PRINCE GEORGE IS CROWNED AS POPULACE RIOTS IN ATHENS. CONSTANTS RESIGNS MUTINOUS GREEK ARMY AND CITIZENS CLAMOR FOR REPUBLIC. Athens. Kirg Constantine has alt- ll..tiil In favor of Crown Prince Geor"e. it was officially annoum-ei here. In a message to the Greek people the king stated that for llie national interest, pence and unity, lie luid alt- dicated in favor ot the crown prince The king, when faced by a revolt In the armv follow ins; defeat by Turkey tried to save his tottering thron;; by the declaration of martial law but lhi was of no avail and he stepped out in favor of his son. Constantine relinquished the throne when reports were received that trims ports loaded with mutinous Greek sol diers were speeding toward t lie capi tal. It was believed that bloodshed would have resulted if. the king had held on to his fast diminishing power much longer. The abdication of Constantine fol lowed closely the resignation of the cabinet. Prince George took the oath as king at the palace before the members of the retiring cabinet. The abdication of King Constantine was preceded by a riot of the popu lace in the capital. The rioters served an ultimatum on their king in which he was given but one hour to step down from the throne. The king immediately called Gen end Metaxiis into conference, at which it was decided the situation was in the hands of the revolution ists. The official abdication of Constan tine was then announced. Constantine stated that he accepts this swift revolution as the voice of the people. Three hundred army of ficers visited the king and urged the formation of a military cabinet. They were ready, they said, to put them selves at the head of the people to combat the revolutionists, maintain order and defend the king. A street demonstration by promi nent citizens acclaimed Venizelos and a republic. There was some rioting, and former Minister of Agriculture Sideris was wounded. The Venizolist mwspaHTs assert that the revolution, which up to the present has been bloodless, has spread throughout the entire country. Senator Frelinghuysen Wins Primary. Trenton. X. J. Assured of renomi- nation by the Republican party in the primary election, I'nited States Sena tor Ft Minghuysen Is laying plans for a vigorous campaign for re-election in November. Returns indicated that Senator Frelinghuysen had defeated George I- Record for the Republican nomination by a plurality of 100.000. Riots in Irish Jail. Belfast Several casualties resulted when Free State troops fired upon riotous irregular prisoners in the Cork jail. Irregulars have renewed their attacks at Tralee. Macrooi:i anil Fenit, Severe fighting was reported, accom panied by casualties. Detective Held for Kidnaping. Newark, X. .1 John I". Kllis of Washington. 1. C. a private tleteclivi' was indicted nn a char.'e of kidnaping by the Kssex county- grand jury. The indictment is based upon the alleged abduction from Hloomfield. N. .1., for Boston, of Alexander it. Robertson, a former British soldier. Robertson, .at the time of the kidnaping, declared he was taken to 1'ostnn to be deported in au effort to prevent bis further at tentions to Miss Mary Culberson. daughter of Charles A. Culberson. I'nited Slates senator. Starving Crew Makes Port. Astoria, Ore. The American motor schooner La Merced was towed in here sixty-nine days out from the Sol omon islands with her .mister dead. hr crew without food, most of her sails gone and one propeller out i f commission. The tug Oneonta picked her up outside. The crew ale the last of the food aboard the ship the morn ing of the rescue. She brought 1.4IKI tons of copra. The vessel was brought in by Capt. Joseph Stanford, mate. Jury Completes Argonaut Probe. Jackson. Calif. The coroner's jnrv which investigated the Argonaut mine disaster here on Aug. 27, in which forty-seven miners lost their lives, recom mended that connecting passagewavs lie built between the Argonaut and Kennedy mines. It also recommended that better fire fighting facilities he roviiled. The jury's verdict was Hint he forty-seven men i-aine to their lea! lis early on Aug. as a result of Sll floral ion by poisonous iras fumes tuised by fire of undetermined origin. Fog Is Put Out of Business. Pittsburgh. Pa. A large section of Pillsburgli fog was completely put out if business by local scientists, assist ed by officials of the Weather Bu reau. The initial experiment, conduct ed on l he Monongahrla river, was pro nounced a 'disl:nct success." The keynote of the experiment was the lu bricating of the Monongaliel:i river from Rice's landing to a point one and one-half miles upstream. The fog dis sipated rapidly. The oil prevented union of ihe air and water. HALT PLANS FOR WAR ENGLAND MEETS TURK CLAIMS IN BALKAN EUROPE. KEMALISTS RETIRE FROM NEU TRAL ZONE WHEN BRITISH THREATEN BATTLE. Paris. The return of Turkey to Europe was assured when Great Brit ain, France and Italy, at the final ses sion of the allied conference, unani mously agreed to concede all the Na tionalist iteace terms. The Turkish claims to Eastern Thr.ice to the Mar itza river, and including the ancient Turkish capital of Adrianople, were approved as peace terms that can be supported by France, Great Britain and Italy In a joint invitation sent to Mustapha Kemul Pasha, the National 1st leader, to a peace conference to be held at Venice at the earliest possible date. The Kemalists must agree not to enter the present neutral zone along the straits nor make any crossing elsewhere, and must accept complete freedom of the Dardanelles, the Sea of Marmora and the Bosphorus, prefera bly under the League of Nations. In addition to other concessions. Turkey is promised the support of tin: three allies for admission to the League of Nations and also with drawal of the allied troops from Con stantinople as soon as peace becomes effective. The allied decision came as a big surprise, for British officials had de clared that Great Britain would not approve any of the Turkish claims In advance of the peace conference. The change in this policy came in an ex change of many messages between Lord Curzon and Premier Lloyd George. Although the British insist that their chief demnnd, mainly freedom of the straits, is embodied in the condi Hons, it is generally conceded thai this unanimous decision marks a 'reversal of policy on the part of Great Britain, and Is considered here a victory for French diplomacy. M. Poiucnre ex pressed the belief that the Near East crisis is over and that all danger of a clash is past. Constantinople. The British offi cials announce that n Turkish force of 1,100 cavalry which crossed the neu tral zone at Chanak retired on Bniram Jik following a meeting between the cemmanders of the Turkish and Brit ish forces. No shots were fired. The Turks retired under a white flag. The Turks stopped their advance when the British notified the Turkish com mander that a farther forward move ment would cause the British to open fire. Burglar Confesses Part in Robbery. Fairfield, Iowa. Russell Dove, who formerly lived near here and who was recently arrested nt Bend, Ore., by Sheriff Walter Harris, and County At torney Munroe of Jefferson county, has admitted his part in the robbery of the household of Louis Palm, near here, the night of July 31, according to the officials According to the coun ty attorney. Dove hns stated that he nml Leonard Beliel had planned the robbery of the Palm home for more than a year, the latter having told Dove that $50,000 was secreted on the place, lie declared, however, that they obtained nothing. Man Retracts Confession. Kansas City. Mo. Tony Dinello. who recently confessed slaying his two daughters with a hammer and throwing their bodies Into the Mis souri river, hns rescinded his confes sion, according to police. The Italian s said to have told authorities that he was "not himself when he made the confession, and that he Incrim inated himself because the police got mad and he wanted them to leave him nlone. Dinello stated that he suspect ed a man who had been working on a bridge near his home. Jury Frees Woman. Oklahoma City. Okla. Mrs. J. C. rolbcrt, who shot and killed Matt Green, an innocent bystander, here, when she went gunning for her hus band, was exonerated by a coroner's jury. The coroner's jury held that the slaying of Green was accidental and that Mrs. Tolhert was justified in try- ng to tnd the mortal existence of her inshaml who, she claimed, sent her to the hospital with a broken rib as the result of a beating. Senate Upholds Bonus Veto. Washington. The soldiers' bonus bill failed of enactment, the Senate sustaining President Harding's veto. Previously the House had overridden the veto by a large margin. The Sen ate roll call showed forty-four ayes and twenty-eight nays or four less than the two-thirds majority neces sary to enact the measure without the President's approval. The vote in the House was 2."S to 54, or fifty more than the required number. Women Fined for Flogging Worker. Fort Worth, Tex. Four women who took pnrt in the recent flogging of Miss Haliie Ilinkle, garment worker. entered pleas of guilty In County ourt and were fined $10 each. Miss Ilinkle. who fled to Dallas after the whipping, was taken by automobile o a spot south of Fort Worth and iven so many lushes that she was onflned to bed at her sister's home in Dallas a week. She was whipped. he was told, because she remained in lie employ of the garment factory. Navy Day October 27. Washington Governors of nearly every state In the Union have indorsed 'Navy Day." which will be formally observed Oct. 27, under the auspices of Ihe Navy League of the United States. Tho dny will be a holiday in the navy and American ships in all ports of the world will he decorated, and also the patriotic societies are now co-operuling to make the movement a great nu- ional observance. Itndio broadcasting stations will carry Navy Day pro- rums. Mount Vernon Duplicated in Illinois n) - if ft. This new home of Mr. and Mrs. Charles H. Ackert at Lake Forest, 111., li practically a duplicate. In style, structure and furnishings, of Washington's Mount Vernon borne. The home contains many relics of the revolutionary period. GREECE UNDER MARTIAL LAW GREEK ARMY IN REVOLT, IN SISTS ON CHANGE IN GOVERN MENT. ATHENS IS IN TURMOIL TURKS AND BRITISH THROW UP TRENCHES ALONG THE DARDENELLES. Athens. A crisis is developing rap idly. The king has proclaimed mar tial law. Eight thousand troops at Saloniki have revolted, insisting on n change In the government. Sections of the army In the Aegean islands also have revolted. They demand that the king abdicate. Part of the army in Thrace demands that the king Join the army there. The officers and troops who revolted nt Saloniki have sent word to Athens Insisting on the im prisonment of several of the former premiers, including M. Gounnris and M Straitor, who are held responsible for the adverse campaign in Asia Minor. They also demnnd a change in the government and the establishment of a neutral cabinet. Important contingents of the army on the islnnds of Mitylene, Chios and Crete also have revolted. They sent nn airplane over Athens which re leased pamphlets demanding the abdi cation of the king, the reinovnl of the ministry and active continuance of the war in Thrace. All reports are reported to be of nn entirely political nature. No fighting of nn insurrectionary character lias Been reported from any of the disturbed areas. The antl-Venl- zelists allege that the revolt in the islands was engineered by partisans of former Fremler Venizelos. Constantinople It Is reported that the Turkish Nationalist troops are in trenching In the neutral zone of the Dardanelles. The Turks refuse to recognize the neutral zone, and declare they will hold their present position. Kcmnlist forces also occupied the town of Bigha. The British made representa tions against this but these were not heeded. The region from Pandik to Yarinje, along the Anatolian railway, has been proclaimed a zone of operations by the British. The civilian populations of the villages within the zone have been ordered to leave, and the British are digging three lines of trenches. Hughe Backs Allies. Washington Allied proposals to In sure effectively entrance to the Dar danelles and protection of racial and religious minorities in negotiating a permanent pence settlement of the Near TCastern crisis, are clearly in ac cord with American sentiment, Secre tary Hughes declared in the first for mal assertion of American policy toward the Turkish problem. At the Siiiitc time, Mr. Hughes took occasion to express the trust of the Washing ton government that arrangements would be made to keep the straits open and maintain peace. Immigration Official Kills Man, El Paso, Texas. Frank Broder, citi zen of France, awaiting deportation at the international bridge here, was shot and killed by Hall W. Harmon, an im migration officer. Waving a club, Bro der started at the officer and Mrs A, G. Mullin, a matron at the deportation station, when the guard fired. Broder was arrested Aug. 6 on a charge of 11 legally entering the United States. Effort to Kill Duffy Blocked. Dublin. An unsuccessful attempt was made by Republican irregulars to assassinate General Duffy and several other high officers of the Free State army, when their automobile was am bushed ou the Naas road , in County Kildure recently. The attackers were driven off. The Dail Eireann met to resume debute upon the Irish constitu tion, taking up clause by clause. The Laborites are opposed to those sec tions grunting certain powers to the throne. " Irish Irregulars Killed in Sligo. Dublin. Brigadier Devine, a mem ber of the Dail Eireann; Brian Mac Nelll, son of Professor MacNeii, for mer speaker of the dail, and five oth er irregulars were killed In a violent battle In Sligo county. One Free Stat er was killed. Thirty irregulars were captured. Although Devine was elect ed to the dail h - failed to take his seat because of his opposition to the Anglo Irish treaty and the constitution. He took up ar:.is in support of Eamonn Cx Vnlera. I CONGRESS ADJOURNS LEADERS EXPECT SUMMONS FOR SPECIAL TERM NOVEMBER 15. MEMBERS LEAVE WASHINGTON FOR HOMES TO ENTER CAMPAIGNS. Wasington. Congress has adjourned with leaders generally expecting call from President Harding for a spe cial session Nov. 13, preceding the reg ular December session. The President was In attendance on the last dny for a few minutes be fore the final gavels dropped, to sign tfie usual sheaf of eleventh-hour bills. The only Important measures to get through on 111 .- last day was the defi ciency appropiiation bill, the Liberian loan bill and the Dyer anti-lynching Ing measure going over until the next session. After disposing of the deficiency ap propriation bill, the Senate passed a number of minor measures and listen ed to a few set speeches while House members heard Representative Blan ton, Democrat, Texas defend Attor ney General Daugherty and criticize Republicans for alleged neglect In that respect. Speaker Gillett made a brief speech wishing all members Godspeed and good luck. The Senate was forced to stop the clock briefly while necessary bills were signed for submission to Presi dent Harding, waiting in his room off the Senate chamber. A few political speeches marked the closing hours of the session the sec ond of the Sixty-seventh Congress. Representative Mondell of Wyoming, Republican leader, in the House, and Senator Smoot, Republican, Utah, In the Senate, praised the dominant par ty's record, which was attacked in brief speeches by Senators Harrison, Missis- sippi,-and MeKeMao, Tennessee, Demo crats. Leaders and rank and file now "go to the country" on the record, en tering the fall campaign. Trains and and automobiles leaving Washington carried scores of Congressmen released for the campaign. Statistical sharps are bnsy calculat ing the work of the session, prominent in which -vns enactment of the tariff law and passage of the soldiers' bonus bill with its death after the President's veto. About 300 laws were said to have been enacted out of 3,408 bills and 35$ resolutions Introduced in, the House and 1,249 bills and about 2S0 resolu tions in the Senate. Appropriations of the session aggregated over $2,250,000,- 000, and, with authorizations, $3,751, 917,000 was made available for the gov ernment's fiscal year needs. About 9,000 nominations were sent to the Senate by President Harding, which confirmed with but few exceptions. The administration merchant marine bill, which was reported to the House ; amendment of the transportation act, coal legislation and appropriations measures promised to be the principal business for the coming session, which will end March 4, next. sks U. S. to Prevent War. Washington. Warning that further delay on the part of the United States may see Europe caught in the conflag ration of another great world .car, Representative Fred Britton, Repub lican, of Illinois, Introduced a resolu tion in the House empowering and re questing President Harding to take such action as he may deem "pertinent and wise to quench the flames of dis cord in the Near East." Pershing Changes Literary Retreat. Great Neck, N. Y. Publicity given to the fact that General Pershing had rented the Sampliner estate here as a literary retreat in which he planned to write n book about the war, hns caused the general to change his plans, Mrs. S. S. Sampliner announced. Negro Knocks Out Carpentier. Pari s. Georges Carpentier, the heavyweight champion boxer of Eu rope and idol of France, was defeated by Bnttllng Siki, the Senegalese fight er, in the sixth round of what was to have been a twenty-round bout. Car pentier never had a chance after the third round. He was barely able to respond to the bell nt the beginning of the sixth. The referee, Harry Bern stein, declared the negro the winner. The verdict was received with terrific cheering from the spectators. Raid Gets Big Haul in Drugs. New York. A drug raid declared to be the biggest ever carried out in the nited States was made on the Hotel Douglas in the Times Square district forty detectives under tiie direction Dr. Carleton Simon, special deputy police commissioner in charge of the vision of narcotics, 'llie rataers sata ley had secured $500,000 worth of drugs. The seizures. Dr. Simon said. 'cut the selling artery between the Irug center and the remainder of the United States." GAIN UNLAWFUL ENTRY TO U. S. CUBA IS USED AS A BASE FOR OPERATIONS BY FOREIGN LAWBREAKERS SMUGGLING IS CHARGED BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION TELLS OF ACTIVITIES ON FLORIDA COAST Washington Charges of smuggling of European aliens into the United States from Cuba, surreptitious sub merging temporarily In the waters off the Florida coast of large quantities of liquors by International bootleggers and mock marriages designed to insure entry into this' country of women barred by immigration laws, form the basis of ;i report submitted to Secre tary Davis by the Bureau of Immigra tion. Government Investigators visited Jacksonville, Tampa, Tarpon Springs, Miami, Key West and Havana. They mingled, it is said, with the "kings' of the smuggling "industry" and talked with aliens of every nationality who sought entry to the United States. The data gathered, it is stated, will prove invaluable to the government in coping with a situation which has taxed the ingenuity of federal agents to combat. The smuggling ramifications, it li declared, extend to the capitals of Eu rope, and involve Greeks, Spaniards, Poles. Roumanians, Russians and Chi nese. The report states that the favorite method of gaining entry to the United States from Cuba for certain alien women has been for them to enter Into "fake" marriages with naturalized American citizens who, for certain con siderations, go through mock ceremo nies and then accompany their "wives' to some Florida point. Frequently, it Is said, obliging "bridegrooms" . have been paid as high as $200 for their part In the scheme. The usual fee charged for smug gling aliens, it is learned, ranges from $500 to $1,00C for each Chinese and about $150 for an European alien. The principal smugglers In Havana, the investigators declare, do not con fine their activities to smuggling aliens Into the United States, but also handle whisky and narcotics. The ma jority of the leaders are said to be naturalized Americans. A great many of the smuggling craft it is declared, land and depart fram Mantasas, ore of Cuban registry, and do not enter or clear at the custom bouse there. One of the favorite routes for the smugglers, it is learned, is from Ha vana- to Long Key, thence up the coast past Turkey Point to Miami, through Hope Sound, past Palm Beach, then through the "inner water way" and finally into St. John river, Aliens and liquor are unloaded at va rious points en route. Launches are used, having a speed ranging from- fifteen to twenty-five miles an hour, it is said, and carry up to forty aliens. From Miami to Jacksonville, a dis tance of 350 miles, the whole coast line is said to be wide open to smuggling operations. Both Chinese and EuroDean aliens. if is declared, are being smuggled In at Mobile, Pensacola, Tarpon Springs and at a dozen places within short dis tance of Tarpon Springs. Small ves sels are understood frequently to put In at Tarpon Springs for "supplies or repairs," the inspectors explaining that at such time large numbers of aliens and quantities of liquor are landed. Liquor at this point, it is asserted, Is openly sold over soft drink counters. Employment Shows Gain. Washington Employment condi tions improved materially in thirty out of forty-two important industries of the country during the month of Au gust, as compared with July, the De partment of Labor announced- here. The largest Increases in employment appeared in the "stamped ware and fertilizer industries and printing news papers," the report said. Thirty-three of the forty-two Industries canvassed by government investigators indicated increases in the total amount of their payrolls for the month. Three Men Die in Oil Fire. Casper, Wyo. Three oil workers ere burned to death and two others ere inlured when an oil rig on a lease of the Midwest Oil Company in the Salt Creek field burst into names fter a terrific explosion. To Restrict Search at Sea Washington. Curtailment of the ac tivities of American prohibition en forcement officers on the high seas was decided upon by President Hard ing and his cabinet. Search of for eign vessels for contraband liquor out side the international three-mile limit may be made hereafter, it was stated authoritatively, only in the event that the vessels actually established com munication with American shores by means of their own crews or small boats. Stone Bucket Crushes Five Men. Charleston, W. Va. Five workmen employed by the Raleigh-Wyoming Coal Company at Glenn Rogers, Wyo- mir Ing a ' g county, were killed when a hoist bucket loaded with stone fell down rdb-foot shaft, crushing them to death. Glenn Rogers is an isolated mi ning town. Carl Sholz, general man- ager of the company, said ttie men were engaged in cleaning out a section of the mine when the Hoisting DucKet, loosed- from its supporting cables. plunged down the shaft. BETTER ROADS SAFE WIDTH OF HARD ROADS Bureau of Public Road Makes Recom mendation of 18 Feet to Provide Good Clearance. (Prepared by the United States Department -ot Agriculture.) A minimum width of 18 feet for hard-surface roads Is recommended by the bureau of public roads of the United States Department of Agricul ture. The maximum width of truck body generally permitted Is 8 feet, and 5'i feet is the ordinary clearance Traffic on a 16-Foot Pavement. width of automobiles. At an average speed of 30 miles an hour it is unrea sonable to expect the driver of-an automobile to drive with the wheels closer than 1 feet to the edge of the pavement, says the bureau. For trucks at an average speed of 15 miles an hour, this distance should not be less than 1 feet on account of the great width of the rear wheel. Three feet seems to be a minimum safe clearance between bodies. Inasmuch as a cer tain amount of truck traffic Is to be expected on all main country roads, the minimum width of surface should he 18 feet to provide these clearances when an automobile meets a truck. Where the frequency with which trucks pass each other becomes a big factor, as in the neighborhood of large cities, the minimum width of pavement shofld be 20 feet to provide a clear ance of 3 feet and a safe distance of wheels from edge of pavement. , GRAVEL FOR ROAD BUILDING Simple, Portable Apparatus Devised - to Test Its Suitability for Highways. To aid the bureau of public roads, United States Department of Agricul ture, In giving particular attention to the use of local material for road construction wherever possible, a sam-' pie portable apparatus has been de vised for testing gravel to determine its suitability for concrete. The de vice consists of two steel balls ar ranged so that a piece of gravel can be placed on top of one of the balls and the other ball allowed to fall from different heights and strike the . gravel. The height of fall required to ' break the gravel is an Indication of Its suitability to withstand the blows of traffic. Heretofore 'there has been no satis factory' test of gravel as there has been for stone, with the result that , in some Instances more costly mate rial has ' been used when a suitable gravel was available close at hand. Along this line the bureau Is conduct ing wear tests on concrete made of many different materials to determine just how far It Is safe to go when the quality of material is doubtful. MONEY FOR COLORADO ROADS Secretary Wallace Approves Expendi ture of $586,000 for Highways in Forest. Expenditures totaling $580,000 of national forest highway funds for the construction of 106 miles of roads in Colorado have been approved by Sec retary of Agriculture Wallace. This money was made available for roads of primary importance to the state, counties or communities within, ad joining or adjacent to the national forests. GIVE DIRT ROADS ATTENTION Farmers Enabled to Haul Larger Loads With Leas Strain on Har- nes and Equipment. Many communities have found it to their advantage to keep their dirt roads smooth by dragging, dividing the work among Individuals during different months of the year. In such communities farmers are able to haul heavier ldads with less strain on har ness, teams end equipment and the saving in the cost of transportation more than pays for the little time each one has spent on the roads. Road Building in France. In France, because of the Increased sti aiu on the highways caused by a larger use of motor traction, the French minister of public works has tlined a program of road building a large scale. Children Can Attend School. It is the condition of the highway which determines whether our chil dren shall go to scliool every day dur ing the school year or whether they shall have to stay at home to bother their mothers part of the time. Aid for New York. The state of New York will receive the next three years approximately .404.299 from the federal govern- In in ent as an aid iu the construction of stn te and county highways. Roads in National Forests. The federal government is spending $12,000,000 on roads in national for ests in the western district. Time to House Pullets. House pullets not later than Octo ber 1.