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THE HOLBROOK NEWS, HOLBROQK, ARIZ., NOVEMBER 3.
MfSTATE WOULD TEST CDNSTnUTIDNAUn DFMATERHnT LAW By JOHN DICKINSON SHERMAN ' ORTT-FOL'R states of the Union have accept ed the terms of the Sheppard-Towner ma ternity act. The states of New Tork and Rhode Island have re fused. Gov. Perclval D. Baxter of Maine has also refused, pend ing decision by the next legislature. And now comes Massachusetts, which' has Instructed Us attorney general to In stitute proceedings to test the constitu tionality of the act Representative Horace M. Towner of Michigan, one of the authors of the law, defended the law In a speech In the house, and put the case thus: Mr. Towner: The question thus raised by Massachusetts is whether there Is constitutional sanction for the maternity law. It Is claimed by the contestants that the Constitution of the United States does not grant power to congress to tax the people "for the promotion of the welfare and hygiene of maternity and infancy." It Is true, as stated by the Massa chusetts attorney general, that the national government has only limited and enumerated powers; that such enumerated powers are stated In arti cle 1 section 8 of the Constitution; and that all powers not thus enumer ated, or those necessary for carrying Into effect the powers thus granted, re reserved to the states or the people. It Is the contention of the proponents of this legislation that It Is clearly and fully authorized by the first paragraph nf article 1 section 8 of the Constitution. Said paragraph is as follows: "The congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties. Imports, and excises to pay the debts and pro vide for the common defense an3 gen eral welfare of the United States." Congress by the passage of the act In question, and the President by his approval, have declared that the legis lation will promote the "general wel fare of the United States." If so the act is directly under the authority of a specifically stated and enumerated power granted by the Constitution to congress. Governor Baxter of Maine, in his proclamation says in part: "During the World war the power of the federal government over the states of the Union was extended beyond precedent. The time now has arrived, however, when our states should be restored to their former Etatus and should guard against further en croachment. The founders of this gov ernment saw the menace of federal control, and from Washington's time to the present our greatest statesmen have warned against It. Already we The Cut Glass Age. There was a rough stone age and a smooth stone age and a bronze age, and . many years afterwards, a cut glass age. In the cut glass age, when young ladles bad persuaded young men with long, curly mustaches to marry them, they sat down several months afterwards and wrote thank you notes for all sorts of cut glass presents punch bowls, finger bowls, vases, etc. Old American Jewish Cemetery. The second Jewish cemetery built in this country, and erected also by the Spanish and Portuguese Jews, la to be seen through a tiny gate Just off Sixth avenue, on Eleventh street. New Jork. Surrounded by a ten-foot wall, this diminutive triangular burying ground la unknown to most of the resi dents even in that vicinity. It Is weed-grown, and headstones, some ap parently quite recent, lean In a tired fashion against the walls of Its neigh boring apartment houses. 32 jj ff.zr. rowfZR. 'j are overburdened with federal Inter ference and control, and our citizens and industries are hampered by fed eral inspectors and other officials from Washington." The decision of the United States Supreme court as to the constitution ality of the maternity act will, of course, be awaited with Interest, as the law Is of nation-wide Importance. Moreover, the controversy is of im portance because It emphasizes the ex tent to which this country is being governed by bureaus. In this connec tion the following points made by Mr. Towner Is his address In support of the constitutionality of the act are of nation-wide Interest, Inasmuch as he practically enumerates the activ ities of the government which he says are unconstitutional If the maternity act is unconstitutional: Literally hundreds of acts have been passed by congress which have no express nor Implied constitutional sanction, except that they were Justi fied under the general-welfare clause. Indeed, most, in number at least, of the laws carrying appropriations which are now made must find Justification for their enactment In the power granted to congress to appropriate for the public welfare. If appropriations are not Justified In the present In stance, many of the present activities of the general government would have to be discontinued. In the Treasury department we have established the federal farm loan board, which Is making loans to farm ers all over the United States. This Is without any constitutional warrant. under the attorney general's opinion. The entire public health service of the government would likewise fall under the ban. Scientific Investigation and studies of diseases, the mental and In dustrial hygiene of children, rural san itation, public health administration, etc. all these activities, requiring many trillions from the national treas ury, are now carried on by the gen eral government. Then there Is the bureau of educa tion ; the reclamation service ; the' bu reau of mines, and Indeed, the whole Department of Agriculture and the Department of Labor; none of these has any constitutional sanction under the contention now urged against this law. In the Department of Agriculture tens of millions are spent on such mut- . . . and then the struggle for ex istence began. The bonbon dish lost Its little handle, and became a pin tray upstairs; a promenading cat knocked the little bowl off the side board, and the hired girl chipped the middle-sized one with the sugar dish; then the wine glasses succumbed to leg fractures, - and even the dinner glasses disappeared, one by one like the ten little niggers, the last one end ing up. scarred and maimed, as the toothbrush holder among other shabby Vitality of Coffee in Haiti, The remarkable vitality of the coffee plant Is shown In Ualtl, where. It Is said, no coffee has been planted since the French colonists were dispossessed of their plantations 120 years ago. The natives have merely profited from the rich farm heritage seized from their employers and rulers, and lacking even rudimentary care and cultivation, the coffee fields have lost their original productivity and have become over is as farm management and furni economics: on foreeastine the weath er; on the care and development of live stock; on studies of plant life; on studies of Insects: on cron est!' mates; and the distribution and mar keting of farm products.. In the Department of Labor the children s bureau Is found. The same depurtment has also a woman's bu reau which formulates standards and policies to promote the welfare of wage-earning women. The denart- merit also maintains the United States employment service. The government also supports the Smithsonian Institution for "the Increase and diffusion of knowledge among men." The United States Na tional museum und the National Gal lery of Arts are also supported from tne national treasury. Then there is the federal trade com mission, charged with the supervision of private coroorations : the United States shipping board, which Is the largest snipping concern In the world engaged In the business of ocean transportation; and the War Finance corporation, which Is now furnishing ninas from the national treasury to finance the export of farm products and is lending money to farmers. In making appropriations congress nas gone far beyond these Instances. When earthquakes occur, when floods come, when almost any calamity of magnitude occurs at home or abroad. we make contributions from the na tional treasury in their aid. We ap propriate not only or world's fairs at nome but we also take monev from the national treasury to make exnihits m Brazil and elsewhere. We send seed wheat to our own drought- stricken farmers, and do not hesl. tate to appropriate $20,000,000 for the relief of Russian peasants. It should be remembered that we have made ap propriations for the celebration in Massachusetts of the landing of the Pilgrims, and the people of that com monwealth have gladly received monev from the national treasury to help eradicate the chestnut blight from their forests and their parks. They have received and used national ap propriations to aid their schools and help build their roads.. It Is difficult to understand why all tnese ana hundreds of other appropri ations are allowed to pass with accept ance or tacit approval and all the now- ers of the commonwealth are launched to defeat the beneficent operation of the maternity act. Mr. Towner also described the Mor. rill act of 1850, under which the state agricultural colleges were estab lished; the Hatch act of 1887, estab lishing experiment stations ; the Smith- Lever act of 1014, under which the annual appropriations amount to $4,580,000: the Smith-Huelies ncr nf 1017 for vocational education, with a maximum annual appropriation of $7,000,000, and the federal aid road law of 1016, under which congress has recently appropriated $50,000,000 for the coming year. genteels on the bathroom shelf. Fran nappers ana Philosophers," by F. hcott Fitzgerald. Good Time Coming for Benny. we nave iften said of a certain lit tie boy In the neighborhood whos uiomer is aead that his dad was bott mother and father to him. The fathei married recently, and Sonny, on hear Ing the news, clapped his hands an said: "I'm so glad for Benny; he'll B numan mother now." Ex change. spread with thickets and weeds. To day there are scarcely any clearly de fined coffee fields, the plants being al lowed to grow wild and to become mixed with rank growths of every sort Notwithstanding this neglect coffee It by far the most valuable product ol Haiti's commerce. The bulk of the yield goes to France. Added to neg lect of the plants, the Haitian coffee "raiser" Injures his plants by tearing off branches with the pods, and thus diminishes productivity. Has Never Felt Better in All Her Life Thousands of frail, nervous people and convalescents everywhere have testified to the remarkable power of Tanlac In bringing back their health, strength, and working efficiency. seems to quickly invigorate the con stltution and Is a powerful foe of weakness. Mrs. Mnry Choklat, 1415 N. Broadway, Los Angeles, Calif, Bays : "Before I took laniae, i was so weak I had to be helped from one room to another. My nerves were shattered and my digestion so poor was almost afraid to eat anything, but now I am In perfect health and will always be grateful to Tanlac." There Is not a single portion of the body that is not benefited by the helpful action of Tanlac. It enables the stomach to turn the food Into healthy blood, bone and muscle, purl' fles the system and helps you back to normal weight. Get a bottle today at any good druggist. Advertisement A Hairsbreadth Difference. D. W. Hufford, an engineer for the public service commission, was stand ing silently in a deep brown study. "WTiat's on your mind?" Inquired a friend. "Hair," replied Hufford, "I don't know whether to have my hat stretched or to have my hair cut." Indianapolis News. SHE DYED A SWEATER, SKIRT AND CHILD'S COAT WITH "DIAMOND DYES" Each D&ckaee of "Diamond Dyes" con- tains directions bo simple any woman can dye or tint her worn, Bhabby dresses, skirts, waists, coats, stockings, sweaters, CUVCI UlKpciics, uoupuiKn. ctcijuim, even if she has never dyed before. Buy "Diamond Dyes" no other kind then perfect) home dyeing is sure because Dia mond Dves are miaranteed not to spot, fade, streRk, or run. Tell your druggist whether the material you wish to dye is wool or silk, or whether it is linen, cotton or mixed poods. Advertisement. Tired, but Ready for Dance. Irene Ob, Phyllis, I'm so tired can hardly stand on my feet. I'm ready to drop. Phyllis So am I. Are you going to that dance tonight? "Dance tonight? Of course I ami" London Answers. Aspirin Say "Bayer" and Insist! Unless yon see the name "Bayer" on package or on tablets you are not get ting the genuine Bayer product pre scribed by physicians over twenty-two years and proved safe by millions for Colds Headache Toothache Lumbago Earache Rheumatism Neuralgia Pain, Pain Accept "Bayer Tablets of Aspirin" only. Each unbroken package contains proper directions. Handy boxes of twelve tablets cost few cents. Drug gists also sell bottles of 24 and 100. Asperln is the trade mark of Bayer Manufacture of Monoaceticacidester of Salicylicacld. Advertisement In Public Life and in the Home. "The fact that a mgn is a favorite son does not prevent an election going against him." "True," replied Senator Sorghum; "the, public doesn't like to show too much partiality. Sometimes a favorite son meets with the roughest disci pline." FREEDOM FROM LAXATIVES Discovery by Scientists Has Replaced Them. Pills and salts give temporary re lief from constipation only at the ex pense of permanent Injury, says as eminent medical authority. Science has found a newer, better way a means as simple as Nature Itself. In perfect health a natural lubricant keeps the food waste soft and moving. But when constipation exists this nat ural lubricant Is not sufficient Medi cal authorities have found that the gentle lubricating action of Nujol most closely resembles that of Nature's own lubricant. As Nujol is not a laxative It cannot gripe. It Is in no sense a medicine. And like pure water it Is harmless and pleasant. Nujol is prescribed by physicians; used in leading hospitals. Get a bottle from your druggist today. Advertise ment. Could Do Better Wholesale. Film Star- How much will you charge to get me my divorce? Lawyer If you'll agree to let me handle ail your divorce suits for the next ten years, I'll make you a special price. Life. An InaffmtfTpnnf 11M1 nln In a nrrtm- an's belt often disturbs a man's men tal poise. MM Morning KeepVbur Eyfes r IwhtCm aaaaNaMCa, Masse. Uijk TALES FROM BIG CITIES "Draft Bride's" Husband Was Thrifty TD EXO, NEV. On her testimony that her husband married her simply to evade the draft In 1017, Mrs. Mary Iteisenhniis was granted a divorce from James Arthur Iteisenhaus, for merly general manager of the Amer ican Glove company and son of the wealthy head of the concern. The decree was granted by Judge Georpe Bartlett on Mrs. Relsenhaus' cross bill filed In answer to a petition for divorce by Relsenhaus filed more than a year ago. In her testimony Mrs. Iteisenhaus said that her husband maintained two residences during the war, one at the home of his parents, where she lived In one room, paying $5 a week rent. and another for answering the draft Jack Admits He Can't Write Like This CAN FRANCISCO. Suspicion that pretty seventeen-year-old Rose Gul- da of Burbunk, Cal., wrote love letters to herself in order to deceive relatives and friends Into believing she had eloped with Jack Petunio, driver of an lnterurban bus, grew almost to a cer tainty when the stage driver vehement ly asserted he could not write love notes. Following is the substance of the torn typewritten love letter: "Dearest Rose of My Heart and My Soul : I love you with all my heart and with all the fire that's in them. Meet me tonight and we will run away and live happily ever after. "I will be waiting for you under the orchard tree tonight at 1 o'clock. I have been waiting for this chance to tell you how much I love you even to the end of my heart strings. At the very core of my heart you are liv ing within. "We will run away on my bus and Slayer Sits on Jury fLL USE MY HAMMER AGAIN TVTADISON, WIS. The supposed slayer of William and Mary and Julius Balzer, recluse Cassell Prairie farmers, killed with a hammer on the night of August 8, is apprehended and now is an Inmate of the Mendota in sane asylum suffering from an Incura ble mental malady. It was learned through L. M. Shearer, special Investi gator for the attorney general's depart ment. The name of the alleged slayer, al though known. Is withheld by the au thorities, who say that his evident in sanity would prevent prosecution for the crime which shocked southern Wisconsin for its brutality. The large bloodstained hammer sup posed to have been used In the com mission of the crime was recently found by Mr. Shearer on the farm of j 4fe II I Marriage Closes Book of Wife's Past CHICAGO. "Marriage closes the book on any mistakes a woman may have, made," said Judge William L. Morgan of the court of domestic relations, "and I hesitate to say what think of this young man." "This young man" was W. T twen ty-two, who lives with his parents on fashionable street. Seven months ago he married A., an attractive girl of nineteen. He had courted her for three years, according to the story told In court. Now," the wife told Judge Morgan, "he won't live with me and he won't support me." Judge Morgan asked T. to give his excuses. wen, irs a scanaai, ne answered.' "She had made a mistake before I married her. I knew about It, but after we were married several men l kuow wno saw me witn ner, and didn't know we were married, said "Do you know who that Is?' and told me of my wife's past. I found out I had made a mistake In marrying her." "And she has been a good wife and good girl since the marriage?" the Hurley Has Even Old-Time Free Lunch TJURLEY, WIS. Business as usual Is no Idle boast In Hurley. Scorn ful of Volsteadlan ways. Hurley's 64 saloons, with long mahogany bars, clinking glasses, and tall bottles main tain the tradition of Hurley wide open and carefree as ever. Standing side by side along three blocks of the main street, under shadow of the Iron county court house, which stands on a slight elevation about two blocks removed and where business isn't brisk, these places offer unique hospitality to the thirsty mln ?n tui lumbermen of the North. questionnaire of the government. The American Glove company, of which his fativr is the head and with which he was connected, Mrs. Relsenhaus said, had a contract with the govern- nient for making gloves, and Relsen haus fitted a room in his home as workshop and employed her to make gloves. Out of the wages she nas to have received she charges that he always kept 10 per cent for carrying mate rials to her from the factory. In answer to his wife's charges that he was stingy and made her pay her own room and board, Iteisenhaus at tempted to introduce an agreement en tered into by the couple before their marriage In which Mrs. Relsenhaus agreed to live as the wife of Relsen haus, but to maintain herself. Judge Bartlett, however, refused to admit it. A year ago Mrs. Relsenhaus brought suit for divorce in the superior court In Chicago, and in the suit she men tions the agreement, charging that he Induced her to sign It. Young Relsenhaus, who is a grad uate of Harvard In the class of 1914, has been living in Reno for the last 16 months, he testified, during which time he has worked only one day. be away in a Jiffy. Rose, my love. crave to have you in my arms this minute. Oh, if I could only have you this minute I would be so happy. "We will be married in Santa Ana and then we will go to the land of Honolulu and live in a little hut N one shall ever bother us. You shall live in a luxurious style. Rose, If you love me come with me! You are my dream girl." in His Own Case the Insane man, a neighbor of the Balzers and a former blacksmith. Similarity Is noted between the wounds received by the victims of the maniac and the head of the hammer. Statements made by the man being held In the asylum to fellow Inmates and to officers have convinced them of his guilt. While in the asylum he Is alleged to have attempted to Intimidate an other inmate with the statement that he would "use his hammer again' he aroused his anger. This alleged murderer served on the coroner's Jury which returned a ver dict of murder In the Balzer case and was particularly active In seeking the slayers while officers were investigat ing. Mr. Shearer, who apprehended the man, went Into the case as a finger print expert, after attempts to find a clew to the Identity of the slayer had proved futile. The Balzers were killed on their farm near Cassell Prairie, Wis., on the night of August 8. Julius and Mary were found dead by neighbors, while William, fatally Injured, continued to live for 'several days unconscious and unable to tell who had committed the crime. He died without giving a clew, court asked in quiet tones. "Oh, yes," the husband answered. His bride began to cry. "Well, I'd hate to tell you what 1 think of you," and Judge Morgan threw his pen across the bench and sat back In his chair. "I think the girl Is the one who made the mistake. a terrible mistake. In marrying you. A man that's half a man would start trimming anybody who said a word against his wife. That's what should have done. you The court ordered $10 paid weekly and said it would be a pleasure to sena tne nusDand to the house of cor rection If It was not paid. Their bright lights and white aproned attendants give one the Im pression that business Is a trifle better than usual. No other lure Is needed to attract a steady stream of Wolverines across the shaky bridge which spans what the natives and the geographer call the Montreal river, which marks the long-disputed boundary between arid Michigan and moist Wisconsin Long zealous of Its reputation as the wide open town of the North, a playground for the man Impatient' of conventional restraints, refuge for the gamester and a retreat for the woman who has lost her way. Hurley Isn't living on Its reputation alone. It Is one plnCe in America which maintains that strictly American Insti tutlon, a free lunch couuter. Alonp with the drinks go sandwiches oi cneese or sausage, onions, radishes and flxin's. The fifty-four saloons do not ac count for all of Hurley's prosperity There are other places where the poll dess of chant-e holds forth her allurements. -aw fhef? cuLt CtAkX,5?, 9) WWTE DOES LAUNDRY WORK AND HOUSEWORK TOO Surprised to Find Her self Feeling So Well Taunton. Mass. ' 1 used to nave mini In my bade and legs so badly, with other troubles that women sometimes have, that my doctor ordered me to stay in bed a week in every month It didn't do me much good, so one day after talking with a friend who took Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegeta ble Compound for about the same trou bles I had, I thought I would try it also. I find that I can work in the laundry all through the time and do tny housework, too. Last month I was so surprised at myself to be up and around and feeling bo good while before I used to feel com pletely lifeless. I have told some of the girls who work with me and have such troubles to try Lydia E. Pinkham's Vege table Compound, and I tell them how it has helped me. You can use my testi monial for the good of others. Mrs. Blanche Silvia, 69 Grant St, Taunton, Mass. It's the same story one friend telling another of the value of Lydia E. Pink ham's Vegetable Compound. TOO LATE Death only a matter of short time. Don't wait until pains and aches become incurable diseases. Avoid painful consequences by taking GOLD MEDAL The world's standard remedy for kidney, liver, bladder and uric acid trouble th National Remedy of Holland sines 1696. Three sizes, all druggists. for the name Gold Medal ea ham ana accapt no unitatsoai Comfort Baby's Skin With Cuticura Soap And Fragrant Talcum Soap 25c, Ointment 25 ana! 50c, Takes 25c SpiWjj IlllliillkXwJ PARKER'S Pr HAIR BALSAM &sf&szjrf SemoTefDmnaraS-6toaalrPaUlaK wraT -J Restores Color and 1 Beantr to Gray aad Faded Hail lOfSMW-TS oe.andtl.matPnicrlsta. I'fSKttl BtsMiChem. WtaPstchoeor.lt. T HINDERCORNS omombcu.' lonses. cte stops ail paio. rosuree cosfort eo t-'i feet, makes welkin m-t. 15. br mail or at Dn fists. Biseox Chemical Works, Pttcboroo. N. I. Auto-Suggedtion. Bill Wot d'yer tl.ink about this 'ere Frenchman, Bert, an' his auto-suggestion cure? Bert D'yer mean that bloke wot says you've only got to keep on re peating, "Every day I get better and better," an you do get better If ye'ra poorly? BiUYes, that's the bloke. Bert Bert I believe In 'Im, Bill. Why. every day for the last three months Pve bin sayln' to myself. "Some day ril get a summons for not paying mj rates," an' strike me pink, yesterday It landed. Pearson's Weekly. Important to Mothers Examine carefully every bottle of CASTORIA, that famous old remedy for Infants and children, and see that It Bears the jrtf . Signature (JiaeUcJUU In Use for Over 30 Tears. Children Cry for Fletcher's Castoria His Limit. 'I can get along tollable well with the White Caps down this-a-way," ad mitted Gap Johnson of Rumpus Ridge. "Some feller taking a shot at me from he brush now and again don't Ystei me no great. I'm sorter used to feuds. and so on. But If I lived up there In Kay See amongst thein there bank bandits, highjackers and all such. IT1 b-hung if I wouldn't be afeured to go out after dark to shut up the chick ens." Kansas City Star. It Is foolish to strive with what wa cannot avoid. Sure Relief FOR INDIGESTION 6 Bell-ans Hot wafer Sure Relief EfisL-ANS 25$ and 75 Packages. Everywhere RE A ITT IN K tRT BOX ITRTtMOl.A " is a. tnedlcattHi snow whit that does wundera for the oompkexion. BemorN tan, mot b-patcbeti, pi mples. eco?rna . etc. A wonder ful iace bleach. Mail si khbi bu'm-b r DR. C. H. BERRY CO.. 297 Mtt?wan A.tmm; CHtC0 IF YOUR Uses "Cutter's" Serums and Vaccine heis dates his best to conserve ytxsr VETERINARIAN imrrcscs. ijytan one Unr count foe 1 soesrthme. The Cutter laboratory "Tlu LtbtUT iW Inn Bm" Berkrley (U.S. License) California is W. N. U, DENVER, NO. 43-1922. t