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fLUFLL abowt FALL’S CHARGES AGAINST CARRANZA | A resolution requesting President Wilson to withdraw recognition of Carranza and sever diplomatic rela tions with Mexico has been introduced by Senator Fall (Rep.), New Mexico, chairman of the senate committee charged with an investigation of the Mexican situation. “I charge” said Senator Fall, “that the Mexican embassy, the con sulate general in New York and the consulate general in San Francisco have been actively engaged in the dis tribution of bolshevik propaganda and that this has been done with the knowledge and consent of Venustiano Carranza.” Senator Fall’s resolution follows: “Resolved by the senate, the house of representatives concurring, That the action taken by the department of state in reference to the pending con troversy between this government and the government of Mexico should be approved, and further, that the president of the United States be, and he is hereby requested to withdraw from Venustiano Carranza the recognition heretofore accorded him by the United States as president of the republic of Mexico, and to sever all diplomatic relations now existing between* this gov ernment and the pretended government of Carranza.” J. W. ALEXANDER TO SUCCEED REDFIELD r j I ffiinTH I I daughter of the late Judge Samuel A. Richardson in February, 1876, end his wife and seven children —four sons and three daughters—are living SENATOR H/TCORIVIICK’S BUDGET PLAN Senator McCormick of Illinois will i Introduce a budget bill at this session of congress. He attacks the Good bill as faulty. He says his bill differs from that of Mr. Good, chiefly, in placing the budget bureau under the secretary of the treasury, who is made strictly a financial officer and divested of extra neous functions, such as administration of public buildings and public health service, and in empowering the budget bureau to reduce departmental appro priation estimates. “My bill,” said Senator McCormick, l“is not the handiwork of one man. Its ; actual text comes from the hands of two trained draftsmen; it embodies in principle the ideas of students of pub lic administration and finance like Sec retary Glass, President Nicholas Mur ray Butler, Governor Lowden, and ex-Congressman Fitzgerald. “It will not further divide respon sibility for the financial policy of the government as the Good bill must if it should become law. My bill seeks to make the secretary of the treasury a true finance officer, surveying the field of expenditure as well as that of revenue. The Good bill would make the president, already the most overburdened executive in the world, his own finance officer.” HARRIS: CONSUL GENERAL IN RUSSIA I -i * * '' i V u ■ sii'rn Newgnnp>-i l• n tigate the massacres of Armenians by Turks at Adana. He has served in all the Balkan states and in Greece. For five and one-half years he was at Stockholm. Joshua Willis Alexander of Galla tin, Mo., who succeeds William C. Red field as secretary of commerce, has to resign his seat in congress to take the position. He was born In Cincinnati January 22, 1852. In 1872 he was graduated from Christian college, Missouri. In 1872 he moved to Galla tin and in 1875 he was admitted to the bar. Almost immediately he entered public life, serving as public adminis trator, member of the board of educa tion, mayor and state legislator. He resigned as judge of the Seventh Mis souri district to take his seat in the Sixtieth congress. He was named by President Wil son as house member of the United States commission to the international conference on safety of life at sea, and was selected by the commission to be chairman. The conference was in ses sion in London from November, 1913, to February, 1914. He married the E. I. Harris of Rock Island, 111., consul general for the United States in Russia, is having lots of experiences these days, according to reports from the Land of Chaos. But then he’s been having such experiences for the last twenty years in Uncle Sam’s consular service. He was appointed to his pres ent post in 1918. Living on a train, he has traveled all over Siberia since then. He arrived In Omsk November 19 of last year and witnessed the ac cession of the present Kolchak gov ernment to control of Siberian affairs. His “district” is bigger than the United States. He has a staff of consuls and vice consuls scattered over many thou sands of miles. Mr. Harris’ duties have sent him into many lively places. He was five years in Turkey, witnessing the revo lutions which kept that country In violent turmoil. He was sent to inves- ARIZONA STATE MINER BIRD HUNTERS’ CLEVER TRICK Natives of Northern Nigeria Assume Resemblance of the Quarry They Are Seeking. Someone may have called you “a bird” with exclamatory accents of ad miration, but have you ever tried to act like a bird or to appear like a bird to attract a real bird? Os course you haven’t, for this isn’t the way we in this country go hunting, even though we may be the most ardent of sports men. It is, however, one bird-hunting method in Africa, writes Temple Man ning in the St. Louis Republic. A recent illustration shows how a dusky beau sets out to fascinate one of the feathered natives of the woods and plains of northern Nigeria. It was in Bassa, to be exact, where the pho tograph from which the picture is drawn was snapped. And the person who was caught in the very act of en ticing a bird belongs to the tribe which goes by the name of Munshi. Industrious and very good tillers of the soil as they are, the Munshls are said to be quarrelsome and great ljvers of alcohol, which they sometimes contrive to smuggle in and to drink with vast speed. It may be, indeed, that this Munshi hoped to catch his bird for the drink it would bring. At any rate, he was most serious as he went about his bird-acting. Clad in a straw shirt to give the effect of the scene in which he moved, the hunter held the artificial bird’s head close to his own and began to stalk his quarry. To human eyes view ing him from a distance he looked more like a strange caricature of an ostrich than anything else. To bird eyes perhaps he appeared like a scene from the surrounding country —that is, a bird teetering on a coal-black branch, swaying above a field of grain that moved in the wind. It seems odd that so simple an ex pedient should be so successful. It is true that the hunters sometimes return empty-handed, but more often they come back laden with the birds they set forth to get. In this country and in these days, when hunters sometimes seem almost as numerous as the hunt ed, it would be exceedingly dangerous to appear like the quarry, for a bullet most certainly would be the reward. But in Nigeria the method is a success, although it requires much practice to imitate a bird well enough to deceive the birds themselves. Procession of Splendor. In the whole gallery of war pictures, it may be doubted if any could have been more colorful than those com posed by the remarkable British cam paign in which Colonel Lawrence, archaeologist by pre-war profession, gathered and led the desert host of Arabs. “The order of march,” says Colonel Lawrence, describing the en trance of the conquerors into the town of El-Wijh, “was splendid and bar baric. Feisal rode in front dressed in pure white. I was on his left, also in white, and on his right was another shereef wearing a red headcloth and a tunic and cloak dyed with henna, and behind us were Bedouins carrying three banners of purple silk, topped with gold spikes, and behind them rode three drummers playing a march, and they were followed by a wild, bouncing mass of 3,000 camels that constituted our bodyguard, the men in every variety of colored gown and headdress, and the camels equally bril liant in their trappings, and the whole crowd singing at the top of their voices a war song In honor of Feisal and his family.” Memory runs over accounts of conquering hosts of all ages and finds nothing, as the English leader himself describes it, more bar baric and splendid. A Tired Tyrant. Bridget’s caller —How would you like to have a home of your own? Cook —Fine! I’m tired bossin’ other people’s families. —Boston Evening Transcript. Scouts Keep the Law. Every now and then some judge or juvenile court worker bears testi mony that scouting keeps boys out of mischief, that scouts keep the law and are good citizens in embryo. Recently U. E. Harmen, an attorney of Tacoma, Wash., made the following statement: “Os all the boys passing through the juvenile court in the last year, not one was an active scout.” There are 700 boys affiliated with the Tacoma coun cil, so this statement really means something. Not one boy who came up as a case before the court was an ac tive scout, and upon investigation it was shown that in only two cases were the offenders boys who had had any connection whatever at any time with scouting.—James E. West, in Boys’ Life. Out of His Reach. Gerald had a friend who lived a cou ple of blocks from him and one morn ing when he strolled over to see him he found the house being raised for al terations. Running home, he said, “Mother, Billie’s house has growed legs and it’s so high uped I can’t go there any more.” COMPOST PILE IS FERTILE SOURCE OF VALUABLE MATERIAL FOR PLANT FOOD r ■ ■ ■ ■ m (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) According to the United States de partment of agriculture specialists, the compost pile is a fertile source of valu able material for replenishing the plant food supplies of the soil. Proper utili zation of the compost saves much fer tilizing material which ordinarily Is wasted on the average farm. The ex pense of making the compost heap is sl.ght as compared with the fertilizing value of the resultant material. Compost Heap Essential. The essentials of the compost heap are to equip it with a water-tight foun dation by puddling clay. This is done by spreading the clay 10 to 12 inches thick and then moistening and tram pling it thoroughly. A framework of logs or lumber should be built up around the pile and increased in height as the compost heap is built higher. Building Compost Pile. A layer of leaves, straw, grass, or even weeds, about 18 inches in depth, CUTTING TREES IN WOODLOT Farmer Should Pick Out Those Whose Removal Would Be of Benefit to Remaining Ones. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) Trees well suited for fuel and whose removal will be of benefit to the re maining stand of trees in the woodlot are: Sound, dead trees, both standing and down. Trees diseased or seriously injured An Old Woodlot Which Is Grazed— Very Little Grass and No Young Timber. by insect attacks, or those extremely liable to such injury, such as chestnut in the region subject to blight, or birch ELIMINATE ALL SCRUB SIRES Suggested That Census of All Animals Be Taken to Aid Campaign for Better Stock. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) That oflicals in every stock-raising county In the country should take a census of the sires In their respective territories, so that the elimination of scrub sires may be carried on sys tematically, Is a suggestion which has been made recently on behalf of vari ous live stock interests as a result of the agitation for better sires instituted by the United States department of agriculture. Teaching the Lambs to Eat. Every effort should be made to keep the lambs growing from the start. The first essential is to teach them to eat. Calves and Yearlings. Don’t forget the calves and yearlings. Don’t leave them out in the cold nights until they are pinched and haggard. First Step in Composting Manure. should be placed over the clay founda tion. Above this a layer of manure 5 or 6 inches deep should be distributed, and If raw rock phosphate is available, . from 50 to 80 pounds should be scat tered broadcast over the manure. Then another layer of manure should be added and the process continued. It Is essential to keep the pile of refuse moist by sprinkling it frequently. It is also necessary to keep the compost heap well packed and tramped. Ordi narily it takes about a year for the stable refuse in a compost heap to rot sufficiently for use, when it should be spread on the land in the late fall. Manure Thoroughly Rotted. The fundamental value of the com post pile comes from the fact that the manure is thoroughly rotted and its plant food content is in excellent con dition for immediate soil use when ap plied to the fields, while during its period of decomposition it is main tained in excellent condition to resist leaching and weathering. in the gypsy-moth area; badly fire scarred trees. Crooked trees and large-crowned short-boled trees which will not make good lumber and which are crowding or overtopping others. Trees which have been overtopped by others, stunting their growth. Slow-growing trees crowding fast growing species of equal value, pro vided they are not themselves suited for a higher use, as, for example, slow growing wffiite oak. STOP TUBERCULOSIS IN HOGS Prevention Lies in Pasteurization of Milk Fed to Animals and Cook ing Various Feeds. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) Prevention of tuberculosis in hogs lies in the pasteurization of milk fed to hogs, especially that from cream eries, and in allowing hogs to feed behind adult cattle only wffien the cat tle have passed the tuberculin test; also in thoroughly cooking all garbage, offal, or carcasses before they are fed to hogs. BIG ADVANTAGE IN CATTLE Animals Assimilate Large Quantities of Roughage and Waste Feeds and Aid Fertility. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) One of the chief advantages in keep ing cattle is that they assimilate large quantities of roughage and waste feeds and carry them to market themselves In a more concentrated form. The farmer Is thus saved the labor of mar keting bulky farm products, and the fertility remains on the farm. BENEFITS OF FARM ANIMALS Profitable Work Furnished During Winter Season —Remunerative Labor Distributed. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) The keeping of farm animals fur nishes profitable work during the win ter, when other work is less pressing and when they require most care. This distributes remunerative labor throughout the year more evenly than otherwise would be possible. Late-Hatched Pullets. Late-hatched pullets should be given a good-sized house or room by them selves and should be given all the food they will consume, so that they will develop and mature as rapidly as possible. Good Implements Needed. It Is a very difficult matter to do good farming without good implements. Manpower should not be required to take the place of machinery power or horsepower.