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Arizona sentinel Yuma southwest. (Yuma, Ariz.) 1915-1916, December 09, 1915, Image 3

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn95060877/1915-12-09/ed-1/seq-3/

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In a recent issue of the
Reclamation Record, Statis
tician C. J. Blanchard utters
a plea for the protection of
the homeseekers who come
to the various projects to
purchase land, and in the
article, Mr. Blanchard asks:
"Can not means be found
which will insure the home
seeker a square deal? Is it
not possible to organize in
each community a committee
to advise and direct the new
comer in his investments?
"Surely, the man who
comes to make a growing
country his home, to invest
his capital and industry, and
raise his family there, is a
greater asset to the commu
nity than the man who is
selling out. As we see it, the
water users' associations
have a grave duty to perform
in this connection."
- Confronted by the very
problem pointed out by Mr.
Blancard the Elephant Butte
Water Users' Association
came to a realization of rne
"grave .duty" he mentions,
states H. B. Link, secretary
of Agriculture, at Las Cru-
ces, New Mexico.
The employment of a sales
agent had long been talkec
of, and a plan for the opera
tion of the Immigration Bu
reau of the Association to
that end had been outlinec
more than a year before. It
was not carried into effec
however, for a number of rea
sons, not the least of which
was the fact that the real es
tate men of the section had
done yeoman service in de
veloping the Rio Grande val
ley and bringing it to the
The stubborn fact remain
ed, however, that the proper
results were not being sh.own.
A publicity fund of $500 a
month was being spent, and
all too few people were be
ing located on farms in the
valley. A mailing list of over
5,000 names had been built
up, yet the people represent
ing those names had not been
' brought to see the lands, and
if they came, they did not av
erage a high per centage of
As Mr. Blanchard' pointed
out, the water users' associa
tions are composed directly
of owners of lands under the
projects, and it is by assess
ments on their lands that the
expenses of the associations
are met.
The Elephant Butte pro
ject is unique among the
other projects of the Recla
mation Service in that virtu
ally all the lands under it are
in private ownership. North
of the Texas-New Mexico
line there have been 110,000
acres of land signed for irri
gation under this project.
About 65,000 acres of this
land were in cultivation last
year, and of this amount,
many thousands of acres are
held by people in excess of
the limit placed on individu
al holdings by the govern
ment. The problem then remains
to get the uncultivated lands
to producing something, and
in particular to dispose of the
excess holdings. It is a pro
blem in which every water
user is directly interested,
since the colonization' of the
valley involves the selection
of his future neighbors and
fellow citizens. What could
be more reasonable, then,
than that the owners should
sell their own lands? And,
by way of answering this
question, the directors of the
Elephant Butte Water Users
Association decided to em
ploy a sales agent.
To do this work, J. F. Findlay was
selected. He is an odl-time resident
cf the Valley, and knows It from the
big dam to the state line; he knows
its people (both Mexican and Ameri
can), and is familiar with local condi
tions. A graduate of Edinburgh
(Scotland) University, ho Is well
equipped generally for his work. Mr.
Findley is paid a salary, and furnishes
a dependable little "Ford" In which
to carry homeseekers to see the lands
in which they might be Inteersted.
The land owners under the pro
ject have been invited to list their
holdings with the association for sale.
No exclusive option has been asked,
but it has been pointed out that lands
are being listed from every section
of the valley, and that those are cer
tain to be sold which offer the best
terms, and which are listed at the
most reasonable prices. After a stren
uous campaign waged through the
Immigration Bureau, a large number
of the owners were induced to be sat
isfied with a stipulation of 6 per cent
interest on deferred payments, where
formerly 8 and 10 per cent had been
In organizing and launching this
work, the Immigration Bureau took
is its motto "The interest of the pur
chaser is our first consideration," and
from this basis it has not deviated.
In the newspapers, in the president's
monthly letter to the water users, and
in various meetings that have been
held over the project, the point has
been- stressed time after time, that
this policy must be maintained; and
the idea is fast taking hold.
A commission of 5 per cent is now
harged the landowner on the sales
made. The money derived from the
commissions is placed to the credit of
the immigration bureau and is used
to help defray the expenses of the im
migration and publicity campaign of
the association. It was hoped when
the plan was initiated that the re
ceipts from this source would meet
the additional expense of the new
branch of the work by the close of
the first six months of its operation.
Less than three months have passed,
and the sales agent is no longer a lia
bility of the" bureau. In other words,
he commissions have just passed the
aggregate expense mark of the sales
department for the three months.
This is the way it works:
A North Dakota wheat farmer came
to Las Cruces. He had been "the
rounds" of the real estate men in !;
Paso. He found nothing that suited
him at a price that he was willing
to pay. He was taken by the immi
gration bureau to see a number of
tracts, and found the right one the
first afternoon that he was out. He
ordered a deed made and abstracts
drawn, and considered the deal closed.
The immigration bureau had not sev
ered its connection with him, how
ever; nor lost its interest. An inves
tigation of the status of the land was
begun, and it developed that this par
ticular tract owed i?2.50 an acre to
the community ditch under which it
would be irrigated, and that water
could not be secured until the item
had been paid. The North Dakota
man was notified of the fact, negotia
tions were halted until the money
had been paid, and the purchaser was
saved the inconvenience and loss
which he would undoubtedly have ex
perienced under another system of
sale, for water rents are not shown
on abstracts.
It is useless to say that the pur
chaser appreciated the protection thus
afforded him. Since then he has come
back to the immigration bureau for
advice with reference to the develop
ment of the land. Mr. Findley has
helped him arrange for his clearing
and grubbing contracts. He purchas
ed good land at a reasonable price;
he is a satisfied settler, and he i'
going to succeed. 'Furthermore, he is
going to be helped by the association
in every way possible. It is a part of
the policy.
One more example will suffice: A
Toung civil engineer, who has an ac
quaintance with soils and conditions
over the various irrigation projects of
the West, came here about six months
ago with the avowed intention of buy
ing enough land for a home. He, too,
went the rounds of the real estate
dealers without finding anything that
he wanted at the prices offered. He
was the most particular purchaser,
admittedly, that ever came to the val
ley. He wanted land for a pear or
chard, and it had to suit his ideas,
not only as to surface soil, but as to
subsoils for a depth of 10 feet.
Fully a dozen tracts were found
that suited as to location, price, and
surface soils, but the engineer took
his 10-foot augur and was never ex
actly suited with the arrangement of
the subsoils. Three days were spent
In boring holes .in .various tracts be
fore the right one was found, and
another settler was located under the
Elephant Butte project, on a sound
basis, pleased in every particular.
These are two examples of the work
that is being done under this plan.
A number of advantages of this
plan over any other are daily bein
brought out. At Las Cruces the offi
ces of the water users and those of
the Reclamation Service are in adjoin
ing suites in the same building. The
contours, irrigable areas, exact acre
ages, and other particulars of vital im
portance are always available. Uncle
Sam's boys have the habit of doing
their work thoroughly, and more may
be learned about the lay of a piece
of land, and about the facility with
which it may be irrigated, as well as
about the exact acreage that may be
susceptible of irrigation, from these
maps than anyone but an engineer
could tell from looking over the tract
itself. The books of the commission
ers of the various ditches (the com
munity ditch system prevails under
the Elephant Butte project in New
Mexico) are always open to the immi
gration bureau, and every means for
protecting the interest of the purchas
er is direct! r at liar. J.
Another advantage is following the
operation of this plan rather as a mat
ter of course.. People are listing their
lands with the immigration bureau
who had consistently heretofore re
fused to list them with any real es
tate dealer, preferring to Tvait the
chance of finding a buyer themselves
In other words, the plan is meeting
with the approval of the home people
under the project.
The plan is being extended some
what, too, and now includes the
leasing, as well as the sale, of lands
The complications increase in this
line of the .work, for there are more
men wanting to lease lands thav
there are owners wanting to lease;
and too few owners are willing to
make long terms on their property.
Many, however, have tired of renting
to Mexicans, and these are listing
occasional tracts for leasing to good
American farmers.
The ramifications of the work are
daily growing. From a mere publicity
bureau, this department is becoming
a center of human interest. The co
operation and good will of the farm
ers is being gained, and it is not too
muclf' to say that the varied interests
of the people under the project will
be more harmonized through this work
as time goes on. Making better
farmers of those now living on the
lands under the project by encourag
ing -dairying, hog raising, and other
money-making industries is another
bronch of the work that Is being push
ed by the immigration "but that is
another story."
A dozen rifles have been discovered
near Brownsville, hidden in a grave.
Merely an illustration of cause and
effect. Corpus Christi Caller.
jThe -county board of supervisors
yesterday opened bids, as advertised
for six and eight-tenths miles of gravel
base road out of Dome for $1,353.30
per mile, and the road is to cost
$9,000.70. The bids were as follows:
H. A. Griffin Excavation, 17 cents
per yard; resurfacing, 74 cents per
A. E. McBeath Excavation, 17.8
cents per yard; surfacing, 49.1 cents
per yard.
George W. Norton Excavation, 16
cents per yard; surfacing, 75 cents per
J. H. Maxey Excavation, 20 cents
per yard; surfaoing, 40 cents per
John Mulligan Excavation, 14.9
cents per yard; surfacing, 39.9 cents
per yard.
(Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, Dec. 8 The requi
sitioning by the British government of
the American steamer Hocking at
Halifax has been postponed three
weeks. Secretary of State Lansing
has been notified that the American
note of protest is believed to be the
cause for the delay.
Occasionally there js a man who
tries to disguise his shiftlessness with
the theory that he is a Deep Thinker.
Atchison Globe.
1109,010 A MONTH OUT
(By Charles F. Willis)
Fifteen miles to the west of Wicken
burg is one of the oldest mining loca
tions in the state of Arizona. In 1863
George Wickenburg, for whom the
town was named, located the property
called the Vulture. Mr. "Wickenburg
and his associates mined from 1863
to 1880 on the rich oxidized ores of the
surface, hauling to the Hassayampa
river f6r treatment. Those were days
when the history of the state was be
ing made. A thriving and prosperous
camp from the start, a true frontier
spirit, troublesome Indians and bandits
certainly kept the little band from be
ing lonesome while they daily extract
ed the gold from the Vulture ore.
No money In existence in those parts,
the men were paid with weighed
chunks of the bullion, and purchases
were made in the same medium of
exchange. In 1881, an 80-stamp mill
was erected, all of the machinery being
brought by wagon from the Colorado
river, and plans were made for large
ly, increased production, but this did
not last long. The deposit pinched out
and a fault was encountered, entirely
cutting off the ore body. More or less
desultory work was then done trying
to find the continuation of the ore
body, but with no success.
For over 20 years the producer of
long ago lay idle until a Boston cor
poration with a peculiarly good nose
for tracing faults came along and pur
chased the property. Within two years
the ore bodies were located, bigger and
better than ever; a new mill was con
structed and since 1910 about $100,000
a month in bullion has been shipped
from the property, and there are many
successful years to come.
The property is a small one, em
ploying only about 200 men, but it is
well equipped and has an ideal con
centrating and cyaniding. ore. It is
like the ghost of an old mine arising
after the sleep of 20 years.
The Vulture is one of the most "wilu
able of the gold properties within the
tate, and has a record of success be
hind it that can hardly be equalled by
any other.
Reports from Gadsden show great
business activity, both in the town
and in the vicinity. C. W. Ingham,
of the townsite company, has just
completed his residence, and will oc
cupy it in a few days.
Wm. Knox has his five room house
nearly finished.
The framing of Mr. Kensey's house
is up and work on it is progressing
Mr. Johnson is preparing to build
a second nouse tor nimseii. une
house in which he now resides, will
be occupied by the pastor of the M.
E. church.
The finishing touches are now being
put on the Catholic church.
Carpenters yesterday began the
work of building a garage for Leo
Turner. When this is completed, Mr.
Turner will live in it temporarily un-
lil his residence can be built.
The vegetables on the truck gardens
are growing splendidly. Tables in the
hotel and in private families are being
supplied with lettuce, spinach, tur
nips and other greens from the young
plants taken out of the ground in the
process of thinning.
The school boys are donating a
reat deal of time to practicing base
ball. They resort to the ball ground
every afternoon after school, and with
them goes Prof. Baker, one of the
nost enthusiastic ball tossers of the
(Associated Tress)
Governor Ferguson, of Texas, yester
day gave President Wilson an optimis
tiv view of conditions along the Mex
ican border and in Mexico itself.
The governor told the president
that the recognition of General Car
ranza had gone far toward 'the re
sumption of order and he predicted
the speedy elimination of General
Villa from revolutionary affairs.
The governor said: "Texas has
been the Belgium of the Southwest
for a long time."
There are rumors that China is go
ing back to a monarchy. It takes
more than a haircut to make a re
public. Rochester Post Express.
Associated Press
The Republicans will make
no partisan fight on the na
tional defense plan unless the
measure is framed by the
Democratic caucus. Senator
Gallinger told President Wil
son today that the Republi
cans wanted the army and
navy strengthened, and that
they are willing to co-oper:
ate with the Democrats on
this vital question.
(Associated Press)
LONDON, Dec 6 Speculation as
to royal marriages, always a lively
topic of gossip, has been increased
since the war began, for the field of
possibilities as far as the royal houses
of Great Britain and Russia are con
cerned has been narowed by the war.
Thoughts of marriage between the
princes or the princesses in Bucking
ham Palace with anybody of Hohen-
zollern associations are now out of
the question. Meanwhile the Prince
of Wales is in his 22nd year, his
brother Albert will be 20 on December
14, and the Princess Victoria passed
her eighteenth birthday in April last.
The three younger brothers range
from 15 to 10 years of age so their
brides need not cause thei royal par
ents any concern yet awhile.
The choice of the next Queen of
Great Britain is of such importance
that even this great war can not
obscure the popular interest in the
selection of a wife for the Prince of
Wales, and it is recalled that while
he is 22 now, his father was married
to the Princess of Teck when he was
28 years old and his grandfather mar
ried Queen Alexandra when he was
not as old as the Prince is now.
(Ansociated Press j
nesses are here for the resumption of
the federal grand jury's investigation
into the alleged German dynamite
plots to destroy ships and munitions
Federal authorities were preparea
to present further testimony agamst
Chales C. Crowley, under arrest on
charges of conspiracy to destroy
ships and munition plants and to de
stroy commerce with the allies, and
Wilhelm von Brincken, attache of the
German consulate in this city. In
dictments of the two men, it is stated,
will be asked by the United States
district attorney's office. "
Crowley was yesterday identified
by B. L. Harris, stoker on the Seattle
fireboat Shoqualmie, as the man who
visited him and Louis Boyle, pilot of
the vessel, shortly after an explosion
that on May 30 destroyed fifteen tons
of dynamite on a barge.
Von Brincken and Crowley are out
on $10,000 bail.
(Associated Press)
PHOENIX, Dec. 8 While denying
reports that strikers and other citi
zens in the Clifton district, where
copper miners have been on strike
since last September, are being eng
listed for possible militia duty, C. W.
Harris .adjutant general admitted
here today that 300 citizens at Clif
ton and Morenco were being drilled
by militia officers.
These jperaons requested Captain
F. W. Hall, commanding the militia
camp, to give them military instruc
tions during leisure time of the offi
cers, Adjutant General Harris added,
and the action has no. bearing on the
strike situation.
Greece is like the fellow who pre
fers being called a coward to having
it said of him: "Doesn't he look
natural?" Albany Journal.
(Associated Press)
LONON, Dec. 8. American tanker
Cunnipaw is reported sunk by sub
marine off the coast of Tripoli; arriv
ed at Alexandria, according to a
Lloyd's dispatch.
NEW YORK, Dec. 8. The Stan
dard Oil offices received a confirma
tion dispatch of the safety of the
safety of the Cunnipaw. What vessel
actually sunk is now a mystery. A
message came from the Cunnipaw's
captain, who said he expected to
leave Alexandria Tuesday. Ship
therefore may have been torpedoed
after leaving the Egyptian port
(Associated Press)
NEW YORK, Dec. 8. The Stand
ard Oil company of New York today
advanced the price of refined petro
leum for export 25 points, making
cases 10.50 cents per gallon, tanks
4.75 cents, and standard white in bar
rels at 8.40 cents.
The criminality of the par
ties responsible for the arrest
of Judge Jose Guajardo yes
terday at Tucson, is shown
very clearly by the following
Calexico, CaL, Dec. 6.
Yuma Daily Examiner,
Yuma, Arizona.
It is untrue that Lawyer
Jose F. Guajardo has robbed
this government of $50,000.
His doings have always been
patriotic and clear, and he
went out of Lower Calfornia
carrying with him the good
will of all honest people.
For a sense of justice, I ask
you to publish this telegram
and deny whatever news is
given which tends to the con
trary. E. CANTU,
Governor and Military Com
mander. 8:20 p. m.
The above telegram came direct
from Governor Cantu, of Lower Cali
fornia in response to the telegram
from this paper asking for the facts
covering a charge so serious.
The reply from the one man who Is
in a position to give the facts, ought
to be satisfactory to all honest men
and to this class our friend, Judge
Guajardo belonged. That his politi
cal enemies would try to crush him
is not surprising, but that the sherift
and others at El Centro should lend
a hand to such a dastardly plot when
the truth was easily obtained close
by, is not so clear.
If the reputation of an honorable
man and his family Is held in such
light regard by American officials, as
was the case at EI Ceatro and at
Tucson, where the arrest was made,
what grounds have we, as Americans,
to criticise the miscarriage of justice
now going on daily in our sister re
public? Judge Guajardo was immediately
released when friends learned of his
predicament at Tucson, but the fact
remains that a great injustice was
perpetrated and it is hoped that those
responsible for it will be punished.
Judge Guajardo has recently re
signed from the responsible position
as right hand adviser of Governor
Cantu, and was on his way east to
join his family, stepping off in Yuma-
to visit with friends last Sunday, and
later leaving for Tucson, where he
was arrested upon his arrival, charged
with absconding with $50,000 of Gov.
Cantu's money, also with assaulting
E. F.
Yuma, Arizona
Modern Department Store
Complete line of Staple
and Fancy Groceries,
Delicatessen, Fruits and
Vegetables, Dry Goods,
Shoes, Notions, Hard
ware, Implements, Har
ness, Saddlery and Fur
niture. Prompt deKver
ies to all parts ol the
city. Telephone con
nections in each depart
ment :-: :-: . :-:
E. F.
Yuma, Arizona
U. S. customs officers In Imperial val
ley all pure fabrication, which only
goes to show to what depths some
men will go to "get" an opponent,
even if he be an honest man.
The schools in the mining camps are
small this year but if the present ac
tivity in mining matters continues
and increases, the schools will have
more pupils before the year closes.
These small schools with excellent
teachers afford excellent opportuni
ties for eager pupils to make rapid
Miss Myrtle Anderson, a graduate
Df Tempe Normal School, Is the
teacher at Bouse. She has fourteen
pupils enrolled, three 6f whom hold
eighth grade diplomas and are doing
advance work. The building has been
newly painted inside and out and is
fresh and inviting.
Quartzite school has one pupil do
ing advanced work. The teacher,
Mrs. Rose Ballow, Is a graduate of
the University of Illinois. The school
is an attractive little building 26 miles
from the railroad out of Bouse. The
pupils all live within a stone's throw
of the schoo lhouse.
The school at Swansea has been
closed for two years while the mine
was closed. In September of this
year the school was re-opened with
Miss Nellie Wagner, a Normal school
graduate In charge. Some of the chil
dren have been In Swansea for two
years without school privileges, and
are so happy to have a school again
and so eager to work, that they plan
to do two year's work in one this year.
This is possible where- pupils are
3trong and eager and an . efficient
teacher has a small school.
The northern teachers look forward
to coming to Yuma for the Institute
in January.
County Superintendent.
(Associated Press)
BERLIN, Dec. 8. -The Germans
have captured an important hill top
position from the French In the Cham-
pagne district.

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