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Special Gommission Now Ready to Report
Yuma Drm (Continued From Pa?e One.) in cultivation at the very earliest possible moment, both from the standpoint of enhancing the wealth of this section as well as from the standpoint of producing that which is most needed in the war foodstuff and cotton with whiCi. to manufacture explosives for the war. One more objection to opening the mesa lands at thL time that of the high cost of construction materials ca. oe dismissed with the assertion that even though the cosu of all construction material are now admittedly high, -ye. the price obtained for the products of the soil are higher in proportion. bo, one of these so offsets the other that in that one particular matters are more than equalized in favor of go ing right ahead regardless of the present high costs of con struction material. I can see nothing in any of the argu ments advanced against the propriety, of the early openm& ox the mesa to justity its postponement until after tue wi. jt appeals to me that from every angle at which the question may be viewed now is the time above all others for this won. lo begin, and 1 sincerely hope it will be. It may not be wholly out of place to suggest right here, as most of us already know, that there are several proposed "units" on the mesa, any one of which may be designated as the first to be reclaimed. I apprehend that it will largely depend upon the attitude of the owners of private lands on the mesa as to which will be the first unit to be constructed. Within a very short time after Chief Weymouth and Mr. Henny return to Denver their final report and recommenda tions will be forwarded to Director Davis. The latter may or may not 0. K. these reports just as they are submitted. His, as a matter of fact, will be the "final recommendation" to Secretary Lane. He may or he may not raise or lower the estimate of construction agreed to by Chief Weymouth and Mr. Henny. But whatever his estimate of the costs is placed at will more than likely be 0. K'd. by Secretary Lane. It will then be squarely up to the private land owners to say whether or not they will be willing to accept these costs and thereby place their lands in the "first" unit. If there is un necessary haggling over the estimated costs it stands to rea son that the reclamation officials will then select one of the other units to be the "first" to be constructed, for both re maining units are composed wholly of government lands. As to what the probable cost of construction will be no one knows except the reclamation officials. In his debate before congress a short time ago, when urging the enact- j ment of the amendment to the present law, Congressman; Haydeh estimated the costs at "about $100 per acre." In; view of the fact that the entire system will be constructed of! pipes and concrete-lined canals it can very safely be assumed that the costs will be nearer $200 than $100. The costs for the' Yuma Valley unit are placed at $75, with not a pipe or, cement-lined canal on the entire unit. It would, therefore, stand to reason to suppose that the proposed pipe and cement-lined canal system together with cost of the necessary power and pumping plants will cost at least double, the amount expended on the Yuma Valley unit. Of course very many, without stopping to give the matter serious considera tion, will argue that this is entirely too much. But they have probably never visited the orange-growing section of Cali fornia and familiarized themselves with the costs of those projects. In almost every instance where they begun with the "open ditch system" they have gradually come around to the pipe and concrete-lined ditch system, which in almost :evet;y instance has cost in the long run almost double what the costs would have been had they begun with the pipe and concrete-lined system. The peculiar soil conditions ol the mesa makes it imperative that the first be the best, and that means the pipe line and concrete system all over the mesa. This not only gives an infinitely better system, but it materially assists in conserving the water. I take it, there fore, that the recommendation will be strongly in favor oi the pipe and concrete system, even if it does cost more than twice as much as the Yuma Valley system cost. But as al ready stated, no one except those who won't tell, know whai the estimated cost is placed at. It is argued that because the money must be in hanc from the sale of public lands and from the proportionate cost to the private land owner, that it will be almost equiv olent to confiscation to force the private lands to pay then pro rata within the three years as provided by the mesa law In that my friends are unnecessarily alarmed. The Winsoi law, passed at the last session of the Arizona legislature, to gether with the federal law, gives ample opportunity to or ganize the private lands into an "irrigation district," after which it will be a comparatively easy matter to obtain ali money necessary by the issuance of bonds. When properly organized the Farm Loan Bank will advance the money tc make these payments. So that question should not stand ir the way of the private lands agreeing to the government terms for the cost of construction. If an agreement cannot be reached the only thing left is for the government to go ahead and open the second unit. That is the way I size up the entire mesa situation. Wp are now down to bedrock. The day is almost at hand when we "must cut bait or fish." When Chief Weymouth and McCutcheon and Baily YUMA - ARIZONA CHOICE mD STORAGE MEATS Just the Tling for a Perfect Meal. YUMA MEAT MARKET F. & E. Hodges, Props. 0. C. JOHNSON, Funeral Director. Best Equipped Shop in the City RALSZ'S COLD STORAGE MARKET. Wholesale and Retail. Fresh and Smoked Meats. J. M. BALSZ, Prop. 248 Main St. N. S. PARKS. Plmbing- and Tin Shop. 356 Second Ave., Phone 171 hone 145-J. 416 Second Street INSURANCES COTTON I am able to give you the famous "Insurance Service" of the "TW'L UARTFORDS." When Cotton burn it burns like Holy Blazes. See Me Before Insuring. 'Fire 8- Emi! C. Eger insurance Specialist. Money to Loan 8 ffO Uncle Sam Must Be Served First The high development of telephone efficiency in this country gave the United States, u hen it entered the war, a superiority over all other nations for quick communi cation. lhe nation's capital and the various military headquarters are linked with all the great industrial centers of the country by the long-distance lines of the Bell Tele phone System. Thousands of miles of special telephone wires have been turned over to the govern ment for its exclusive use. Bight of way is given to government telephone calls over all lines. In its prosecution of the war our government has the effective co-operation of the Bell Telephone System, which reaches 70,000 communities and extends to every military camp In the United States. fc)ne man in every ten from the maintenance and construction forces of this com pany is now in the telephone signal corps of the army or in some other branch of the military service. Not only have our men answered their country's call, but the telephone operators are "doing their bit" also. These faithful young women realize the tremendous dependence the nation places on rapid communication in this crisis, and are accept ing cheerfully the heavy responsibilities thrust upon them. In spite of the war and what It has meant to this company in the increased number of telephone messages to handle, the enlistment of so many of our trained employes, the shortage of equipment, and the high cost of telephone materials In spite of all these obstacles, we are meeting the needs of the public for telephone service in a remarkably successful way. The Mountain States Telephone & Telegraph Company Yuma National United States Depositoiy Cor. Second and Main Sts Resources over 4 per cent paid on Sav ings Accounts. Best Service , on Check- ing Accounts. The Farmer's Friend Te Implements This line includes the Moline Universal Tractor, a trac tor beyond the experimental stages, expressly adapted for all farm work. It is here ready for delivery. We also carry a large and complete line of Plows, Culti vators, Planters and Disc Harrows, and every article that is needed to make a modern ranch complete. HARNESS FURNITURE QUEENSWARE GASOLINE EUGINES Hi F. Sanaumetti IMPLEMENT DEPARTMENT. Repairs for Immediate Delivery in Stock at All Times. YUMA and SOMERTON, ARIZ. Consulting Engineer Henny make their final report and recommendations to Director Davis, and when Mr. Davis subsequently makes his final report to Secretary of Interior Lane, I confidently predict that the "private land owners" on the mesa will have the first opportunity to say as to whether or not they will pay the estimated costs of construc tion. If they agree to the estimated costs it will then be up to them to forthwith organize their irrigation district and prepare to meet the three annual payments, for this money must be forthcoming before the work can be done. Embraced within this "first unit" will be so many acres of public lands. These will be put up at auction and sold to the highest Didder, a minimum price first being placed on them by Secretary Lane. The sale price must bring in enough money to pay the costs, of construction, so it makes o difference whether the "minimum" price is fixed at $1 ier acre or fixed at the entire cost of construction. They Tiust bring the latter, in the aggregate, or the whole scheme will be abandoned. In the event the costs are announced Secretary Lane will designate the time of sale of the public lands, and from what Statistician Blanchard, who will have the management of the sale, said when last here, I apprehend the sale of the mesa public lands will be fixed for some time this coming fall, probably the latter part of October or early in Novem ber. Let us all hope and'pray that "our beloved Yuma mesa" is about to come into her own. Let us all stand as a solid wall of rock behind any scheme the government may promulgate to open up those unsurpassed lands. Next to our unsurpass ed water supply the Yuma mesa is our greatest heritage. WHAT ABOUT WATER THIS SUMMER? Now that the people of the valley, assembled in mass meeting, turned down a contract assembled in secret ses sion, and sanctioned a proposed congressional bill which is hailed as a remedy for all our ills, what about water this summer? An eminent engineer, who knows the Colorado, in a report to the Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce recently, estimated that it would take ten years after congress passed he bill to accomplish exactly what the mass meeting want ed yesterday: In the mantime, what? Are ve thoroughly assured that we will be allowed to place another weir in the river, on the strength of wanting Colorado river legislation? At the rate which new land is being placed in cultiva tion on both sides of the boundary, Imperial Valley will, long before the first storage dam is built in the Colorado, need the entire flow of the Colorado during five months in the year for her lands. Our needs are urgent, immediate? We are spending a iarge sum of money in improvements at Hanlon's and be low the line. The Press believes the money well spent. But will the improvements suffice to take care of the valley's needs until this Colorado project bill is passed? Imperial Valley Press. The uncalled-for sl.urs heaped on the Sentinel at the Water Users' meeting by "Kidney Foot Bill" and "Old Whiskers" Johnson only showed that they are "undesirable citizens." The sooner the country is rid of the likes of them the better.