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Arizona sentinel. [volume] (Yuma, Ariz.) 1916-1918, January 31, 1918, Image 1

Image and text provided by Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records; Phoenix, AZ

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn95060878/1918-01-31/ed-1/seq-1/

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Cotton 29c
Milo Maze $58,00
Fetereta. ton $58.00
Alfalfa hay, ton ?25.C0
Barley, ton $60,00
Wheat, ton $65.00
Cig J T "T ' r "if "if
Cattle 6c to S.c
Hogs 8c to 12 c
Lambs 16;J
X m. i
xurseys aucj
g Chicks 20cg
g Eggs 55 c?;!
O 0-
Afteran All-Day Session Representatives of Imperial Dis
trict and Yuma Project Reach Understanding and Sign
Solemn Compact to Hereafter Work in Harmony, With
Every Prospect That Great Good Will Result.
1. Imperial irrigation district is de
sirous of establishing physical connec
tion of its irrigation system with the
diversion works of the Yuma Project
The dove of peace fluttered around the room and almost at Laguna dam, for the purpose of se-
cooed itself hoarse; the Yuma eagle drew in its talons and ZZlZlt
flapped its wings in joy, while the Imperial lion licked its Imperial Valley, California. To that
noiP onrl ,rtvrl oo eurPAthr ciq milarUr'Q Ano-nra rat when end Imperial irrigation district,
President Leroy Holt of the Imperial irrigation district
and all his directors, and President J. M. Thackers and all
his board of governors signed a declaration of principles,
or "treatly of peace" last Saturday in the office of the Yu
ma County Water Users' Association
through its boaid of directors, ex
presses the hope of an agreement
with the Yuma County Water Users'
Association, through its board of gov-
of the Imperial irrigation system with
Laguna dam under such terms and
conditions as may be agreed upon),
the parties hereto will ever deal with
perfect frankness and openness one
with the other, and any proposed ne
gotiation or movement having for its
aim the attainment of the said specific
object or the attainment of any other
object, affecting or pertaining to the
Colorado river, of interest and con
cern to both parties, shall be entered
upon by either only with the full no-
It was indeed an historical event. Upon the faithful joined
ernors, representing the people of thetice of the proposed steps to be -taken,
Yuma community, whereby the inter- and if .possible with the co-operation
ests of both communities may be ser .T- of the other, and shall be pursued only
ed and the influence of both may be in like manner.
observance of the "treaty of peace," as the document may
well be termed there will hereafter be no occasion for ill
feeling or misunderstanding between the people of Imperial
Valley and the people of Yuma Project. The two govern
ing boards of these two sections have solemnly promised to
work in perfect accord, whenever such a thing is possible,
and neither is to attempt to do anything at Washington, or
elsewhere, without "full notice" to the other, thereby whol
ly eliminating any chance for either party to accuse the
other of trying to "slip one over."
That is exactly as it should have been all during these
:long years of strife.
It marks a new era in the two valleys.
It presages better things for both.
It means that each section is to work for the common
good of all. .
But all of this was not brought about without a strug
gle. When the two boards met in joint session each had its
misgivings about the other. Yuma had every right to be on
her guard, for in years gone by but scant, if any considera
tion had ever been accorded this section by the ruling spirits
of the Imperial irrigation district. Imperial Valley repre
sentatives were apprehensive that Yuma wanted "the best
of everything." That was the spirit in which the two gov
erning bodies met. It required several hours of hard, frank
argument on the part of each faction to convince the other
that neither side wanted to take undue advantage of the
The session was called to order by President Thacker
at 10 o'clock Saturday morning. With the exception of a
short hour for luncheon the session lasted until after 9
o.'clock Saturday night. But the time was well spent. At
the conclusion of the meeting everybody seemed well pleas
ed with the results. Good fellowship was exhibited on every
hand. It wasn't a case of "satisfied, but sore," but rather
a case of "satisfied, and pleased." Everybody shook hands
with, everybody else, while each and all agreed that the
"treaty of peace" would always be regarded as a solemn
"declaration of principle" rather than as a mere "scrap of
paper." We here on the Yuma Project,' will ever work to
that end.
Senator Mulford Winsor, as a member of the Yuma
board of governors, was the leading spokesman for Yuma's
interests. President Leroy Holt, Director McPherrin and
Attorney Rcss were the leaders for Imperial Valley. Each
side found his opponent worthy of his steel. It was a mas
terly struggle, and if it had been less adroitly conducted on
the part of Yuma the joint meeting would very likely have
degenerated into a Kilkinney cat fight. If the Imperial
delegation had been less receptive to logic and reason the
meeting would have resulted in a mere waste of time. When
they finally "got down to the case card" each side found
that the other was not as bad as had been anticipated. The
rough spots were gradually smoothed over; the kinks were
untied; the little ball of yarn was carefully unraveley, re-
(Gontinued on Page Four)
in such representations to the
secretary of the interior and the con
gress of the United States (should the
occasion for legislation arise), as will
effect that purpose.
2. On its part, and on behalf of
the people and community represented
by it, the board of governors of the
Yuma County Water Users' Associa
tion declares its willingness that the
proposed connection should be made,
under such terms and conditions as
will insure justice to all parties, effect
the common good and welfare, and
safeguard the physical, legal, moral
and equitable rights and advantages,
as they are derived from and apper
tain to the Yuma Project and the wat
ers of the Colorado river, now pos
sessed and enjoyed by its citizens, the
water users, the property owners and
the lands of the Yuma district.
3. Upon such a statement of exist
ing needs and responsive sympathies,
the parties hereto mutually declare a
cordial wish for harmonious and franh
co-operation, not only in the attain
ment of the objects set forth, but a?
well in the processes by whfch such
ends are to be secured, and in addi
tion thereto, in all other matters af
fecting the common welfare of the re
spective communities, acknowledging
recognition of the fact that in thr
broader sense the interests of both
districts, so closely joined and so simi
lar in character, are identical, and thai
whatever will permanently inure U
the benefit of one must likewise be of
lasting benefit to the other.
And it is mutually understood and
agreed that in the joint effort to bring
about the chief and most specific ob
ject herein set out (i. e., connection
4. It is also mutually agreed that in
the negotiations looking to the attain
ment of the specific object herein
set forth, each party hereto shall at al!
times accord to the other full and loyal
support as to each and every item and
detail upon which agreement may
herein or hereafter.be had, and as to
all items upon which there may not
be accord, in whole or in part, each
party shall clearly and definitely set
forth, for the information and benefit
of the other and of the secretary of
the interior, its contentions, views and
claims with respect thereto.
5. It is hereby mutually resolved
and declared that this declaration of
fundamental principles shall be re
corded in the minutes, respectively of
the board of directors of the Imperial
irrigation district and the Yuma
County Water Users' Association, and
a copv thereof, together with such
proceedings as may be had thereun
der affecting matters within the auth
ority and jurisdiction of the secretary
of the interior, be furnished to that
Mutually agreed to and subscribed
at Yuma. Arizona, this 26th day of
January, 1918.
By Lerov Holt, president. R. D. Mc-
pherrin, member. J. S. Nickerson,
member. C. D. Manning, member.
By J. M. Thacker, president. MuJ
ford Winsor, member. Geo. M. Thur
man, member. A. J. Griffin, member
M. A. Gilmer, member. G. S. Marable
member. Geo. W. Schutz, member.
Item of Agreement No. 1. (Introduc-1
ed by Yuma County Water Users' As
sociation.) For the privilege of using the La
guna dam, the main canal of the Yu
ma Project and appurtenant struc
tures, Imperial irrigation district shall
pay, at such times and under such
terms and conditions as the secretary
of the interior may prescribe, such
proportion of the cost of the dam,
(approximately $2,100,000) as the acre
age now irrigated by said district, in
Imperial county, California, and Baja
California, Mexico, or as may be here
after irrigated by said district or its
successors under the terms of this
agreement or of the contract to be
hereafter entered into with the secre
tary of the interior, may bear to the
total acreage so irrigated or to be irri
gated by diversion from Laguna dam,
as hereinafter set out, in Imperial
county, California; Baja California,
Mexico and Yuma county, Arizona.
Such payment shall be to -the United
States, for the benefit and to the cred
it of the Yuma Project.
Not concurred in:
President Yuma County Water Users'
We propose to amend the above by
striking out from the word "pre
scribe," line 4, to and including the
word "Arizona," line 12, and insert
ing in lieu thereof "the sum of $16,000,
000. (Signed) LEROY HOLT,
President Imperial Irrigation District.
Item of Agreement No. 2. (Introduc
ed by Yuma County Water Users' As
sociation.) There shall be reserved for the ben
efit of the lands in Yuma county, Ari
zone (within a distance which may be
described as not exceeding sixteen
miles from the Colorado river and ex
tending from Laguna dam to the in
ternational boundary) and the Bard
unit of the Yuma Project in ImperiaT
county, California, a prior claim to a
peak requirement of 2000 cubic feet of
the flow of the Colorado river, or so
much thereof as may be necessary for
the proper and most efficient irriga
tion of not to exceed 150,000 acres of
land within the boundaries above de
scribed; it being understood that the
(Continued on Page Three)
It is more tha'n gratifying to the editor of the Sentinel
to be able to report that the "contract" sought to be imposed
upon the cotton growers of Yuma Project by the Winter
haven Cotton Exchange has been very materially amended.
The original contract was printed in detail in last week's
issue of the Sentinel. Editorial comment on the objections
to this document were vigorously set forth in the columns
of this paper two weeks ago. It was that editorial that set
the people to thinking and put them on their guard against
signing the contract that was then offered them. If they
wanted "Pima" cotton seed under the original contract,
they had to mortage their 6irthright for a mess of seed pot
tage. The new contract entirely eliminates Jhe "mortgage"
feature, which was the principal objection this paper lodged
against the first contract. This feature having been elimin
ated it is now squarely up to the prospective "Pima" cot
ton planter to say whether or not he is willing that, his work
of planting, cultivating and harvesting the cotton crop
grown from the seed furnished by the Winterhaven
exchange shall at all times be under the supervision and
control of the exchange. If they are willing to concede that
much to the exchange the latter will furnish all the "Pima"
seed required at so much per ton, $100 per ton up to April
1, and $120 per ton for all seed furnished after that date.
There is one clause left in the new contract that, is ob
jectionable, but I apprehend that can be satisfactorily ad
justed between now and the time when it will become neces
sary to enforce it. This relates to the clause that says, the
grower must sell his seed "at local oil mill prices" as of-the
date of ginning. As pointed out in this paper heretofore,
"the local oil mill prices" on the day of ginning may be$20
per ton, whereas two weeks after, the price may be $100 per
ton, depending entirely upon the demand for cotton seed.
Inhere is but one "local oil mill." On the day of ginning this
mill may have all the seed it needs, whereas, other oil mills
may be willing to pay double the price offered by the "local
oil mill." Forcing the cotton grower to sell his seed on any
given date does not give the grower any chance whatever.
Might as well say that he must sell his lint cotton on the day
it is ginned. We all know what would have happened to
cotton growers if such a rule had been in vogue this, sea
son. Cotton started off at about 20c, whereas, it has been
as high as 31c. That is a matter of .$30 per bale in favor .of
rhe grower who held his cotton until he WANTED to sell
it, rather than sell it the day it was ginned. To carry the
argument a4 little further and make it perfectly plain it can
be stated that cotton seed started off at about $20 per ton,
whereas, the oil mill price, or rather the price for oil mill
purposes, is now upwards of $60 per ton. Where would the
cotton grower be if he had been FORCED to sell his seed
as of the day of. ginning"? Many of those who ginned
early simply held their seed until they WANTED to sell,
thereby making the difference between the "local oil mill
prices, on the day of ginning," and what they actually sold,
for, or about $40 per ton. Inasmuch as there are about
1500 lbs. of Pima seed per bale, it can be seen that this seed
item is no small thing to look after.
My opinion is that the exchange can very easily amend
this requirement so as to give the cotton grower an even
break with the market. Let the exchange store the seed,
if the owner does not want to sell on the day of ginning, and
pay the. grower the market price not the "local oil" mill
price wnenever tne owner wants to sen, requiring mm,
however, to pay reasonable storage and sell before the next
(Continued on Page Two)

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