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TOMBSTONE EPITAPH: TOMBSTONE, ABTZONA, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1887.
BOB DARRACH'S STAGE LINE. Stage to connect with western-bouud train leave at 3:30 p. m. Sage to connect with rastern-bound train leaves at 3:30 p. m. Stage to connect with Guaymas train leaves it 9:15 a. m. LOCAL HAPPENINGS. Cranberries at Hoefler's. Oilcloth and linoleum at Bagg's. . Woven wire mattrsses all sizes, $6, at BaR,s- ; Wolcott buys and sells for cash and hence cannot be undersold. ,. The best butter in town at Wolcotts The J. H.White brand. . i A new invoice of Louisiana molasses just received at Hoefler's. .. Climax chewing tobacco only 50 cents a plug at the Willows cigar store. Furniture sold on the installment plan on easy terms at Bagg's. ., Peach brandy and xhoice oldJKenv tucky Bourbon, at Hoeflgrs. T-- Don't send away for carpets until you have examined S. C. Bagg's stock. Letup's" St. Louis beer by the carload, barrel or bottle, at Hoefler's. Hoefler has just received a choice assort ment of fresh fancy groceries. Welton velvet, body Brussels, tapestry Brussels, Kidderminster, 3 ply, 2 ply cot ten chain and hemp, all late patterns, at Bagg's. ' Go to Hoefler's for mince meat, cider, lemon peel and choice spices for the holidays. Curtain poles from 2 to 1,2 ft. long at Bagg's. A full line of Angelica, Zinfandel, Port, Sheiry and other wines, domestic and imported, at Hoefler s. DANCING SOIREE. Shepherd & Trevillian's regular weekly dancing soiree will be held this (Satur day) evening at Mining Exchange hall. ' Seamans has one of the best selected stocks of watches, jewelry, &c, ever dis played in this city. Before purchasing elsewhere, call and examine goods and learn prices. , Seamans' jewelry store has just re ceived an elegant stock of Holiday Goods. Call and make your selections early in order to get the benefit of the large assortment. Arnold's wood yard and express wagon Look out for the blue wagon. Leave orders at Fitts 'Bros, or Wilie Willows cigar store. Hicks & Walker are furnishing the trade with a superior article of soda and sarsaparilla. They are also importers of all kinds of mineral water. . , Leave your order for the San Francis co Chronicle at Sol Israel's. Price, One month 65 cents; Six months $4; One year $7. Payable in advance. m Geo. E. Kohlerhas just received an elegant line of easy chairs, brackets,wall pockets and other goods suitable for holiday presents. Call and see the new store and new goods. Oooidental Hotel. This is the only first-classhotel in Tombstone. It is handsomely furnished with all modern improvements. Trav elers who stop at this house will find every -comfort and attention. Private rooms for commercial travelers at reason able rates. A splendid billiard table and a card room. The bar is supplied with pure brands of wines, liquors and cigars . tf . Harris the Tailor Has just received a full line of foreign and domestic Cassimers, suitable for fall and winter suits. He guaranties to please his customers as to style, price and quality. Under the Occidental Hotel, Allen street. Give him a call. We are now prepared to draw drafts direct, issue letters of credit, and transfer money by mail, and.cable, on all points of Europe Asia, Africa and Australia. t R. W. Wood. ' Cashier Bank of Tombstone Notice On and after April 1st, weekly ice tick ets will be sold for $1 and upwards. Ice o weekly customers will not-be delivered without ttckets. tf. Southwestern Ice Co. D. A. Macneal, of Tombstone invested $500 in real estate in Los Angeles county some several m&nths ago, and last week he sold out at a profit ol $58,000. Mr. Macneal was so delighted with His good luck he has concluded to locate in Los Angeles. Phenix Gazette. A VALUABLE MEDICAL TREATISE. The edition for 1888 of the sterling Medical Annual, known as Hostettcr's Almanac, js now ready, and may be obtained free of cost, of druggists and general couutry dealers in all parts of the United States, Mexico, and Indeed in every civilized portion of the Western Hemis phere. This almanac has been Issued regularly at the commencement of every year for over one fifth of a century. It combines w.th the sound est practicable ad vice for the peservatlon and restoration of health, a large amount of Inter esting and amnsing light reading, and the cal ander, astronomical emulations, chronological items, &c, are prepared with great care and will be found entirely accurate. The lue of Hostetter's Almanac for 1888 will probably be the largen edition of a medical hoik ever pub lished In any country. The proprietors, Messrs Hostetter 4 Co., Pittsburgh, Pa., on receipt of a two cent stamp, will forward a copy by mail to any person who cannot procure one in his neighborhood. A CARD. To the Tombstone Public: , A dirty, contemptible reference to me in the Tombstone Prospector of the 7th inst. calls for some reply. I have been trading in this town for the past seven year, have paid my bills, and while in town have behaved myself as a gentle man. Why I should b'e insulted I do not know, unless it is an effort to blackmail me. But I wish the people of Tombstone to know that the scheme will not work as it did in another case, I have met Nash and his reporter, the curs who are responsible for the attack upon me, and have called them all the names in the dictionary and some that are not in it, and they have refused to do anything but whine. Now I want to place myself right before the people of this commun ity. I am a law-abiding, peaceable citi zen, and have none of the characteristics of a coyote. If any one thinks I have he can have an opportunity of meeting me any mark in the road. B. F. Smith, Aztec Ranch, Chiricahua Mts. - Born, on Friday, December 9th, to the wife of Fred J. Dodge, a daughter. "Harry and Lillie Staley and Miss Pearl Stevens are the latest Pattractioss at the Elite, and i ' making the town by storm. Joe Bignoi is in San Francisco after more talen , and is expected home Mon day. Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Leach, gave an enjoyable progressive whist party to their young friends on Wednesday even ing last. As will be seen by the proclamation published elsewhere, Governor Zulick offers a reward of $500 for the arrest and conviction of the murderer or murderers ofWm, C. Drake, late private Troop G, 4th cavalry, whose dead body was found at Sulphur Springs, in this county,on the 29th of September last, this is in addition to the reward of $400 offered by his troop. Tombstone will soon boast of a base ball nine which will be second to none in the Territery Phenix not barred. The Epitaph was favored with a call last Thursday from Prof. Chas. Lnngue mare, of Socorro, who represents the Rio Grande Smelting Company. Besides being an old newspaper man, he is a pleasant gentleman to meet, and it is to be hoped his visits to this camp may be frequent. Those who attend the circus at Fair bank next Tuesday will doubtless be well repaid, as the show is highly spoken of by those who have witnessed the per formance. Bob Darragh will run five coaches to and from Fairbank on that day to accommodate those who wish to attend. Fair for the round trip, includ ing admission to circus, $2. The Willows Saloon was closed a day or two this week for the purpose of com pletely renovating that popular place of resort It is now as bright as a new pin. Mr. Henry Linderman, the well-known Sulphur Springs valley ranchman, died suddenly in this city last Monday, and his remains were followed to the grave on Wednesday by a large concourse of sorrowing friends. The blackmailers and perjurers, with which our camp is infested, are laying low at present. " Charley Walker came in this week with his bull teams and thirty cords of wood, relieving the wood famine that was im pending. Court adjourned last Saturday, but the streets still wear the same lively appear ance. Steve Hinkle, after a two-years' so journ in Northern Arizona, New Mex ico and California, returned this week to Tombstone, which he saysis good enough for him . S. R. ' . Long, post trader at Fort Bowie, sp it a day or two in the city this week. Mrs. James Coyle has purchased of E. Vucovich, the Virginia Hotel at Benson. If you cannot attendant least purchase a ticket to the Firemen's ball on the eve ning of December 29th, The Firemen deserve well of this community. The organization of the Fair Associa tion by a number of public-spirited citi zens, was effected this week by the elec tion ol A. J. Ritter, president; J. S. Taylor, secretary, and H. A. Tweed, treasurer. The following are the direc tors: A. J. Ritter, V. C. Wilson, J. H. Campbell, W. B. Benson and H. A. Tweed. The association has purchased the Doling race track, and intends to greatly improve the same by erecting a grand stand and other buildings. Mr3. Wm. Herring is in El Paso at the bedside of her daughter, Mrs. Casey Gum, who is seriously ill. Burnside Post has an important meet ing to-night. Ridgely Tilden hab resumed the edi torship of the Prospector, Mr. Death eridge retiring. Go to the Fair Grounds to-morrow and witness the baseball match. Sol. Isreal, the popular newsdealer, has just received a large invoice of holi day goods, consisting of Prang's and other best makes ot cards, besides books, toys, fans and articles of vettn. Make your selections early and get first choice. ARIZONA'S PROGRESS. REPORT OF GOVERNOR ZULICK. The Condition of Our Mines and Agricultural Lands Truthfully Portrayed The Indian Question Ably Argued A Docu ment Worth Preserving for Reference. Executive Department, Arizona Territory, ': Prescott, October 1, 1887 Sir: I have the honar to submit this, my annual report of the affairs and of the progress and development of the Terri tory of Arizona, for the year ending June 30, 1887. Since my last report the result has been gratifying in a high degree. POPULATION. The population of the Territory is rapidly increasing. The census of 1880 showed a population of 40,440. Since there has been a steady addition, and now it may be fairly estimated at about 00,000, and constantly increasing, so that we may safely predict that the nixt two years will probably double it. The rich agricultural and horticultural lands are becoming so widely and so favorably known that the tide of immigration is setting in, and these lands are being set led upon by those who desire to nake permanent homes for themselves and families. The abundance and cheap ness of land; the fertility and prolificness of the soil; the great variety of products it will grow, the largeness of the yield and remuneration of prices.together with the perfection of climate, constitute sub stantial reasons for inducement of immi gration to Arizona. TAXABLE PROPERTY. The taxable property of the Territory is gradually increasing in value. The aggregate assessed valuation for the year 1S87, is $26,313,500.21, which shows a gratifying increase in one year of neatly S6,ooo,ooo, notwithstanding the fact- that by the present system of assesment and taxation much ef- the real and personal property is undervalued, and a very large proportion of the personal property is not listed for taxation. The last legis tive assembly created a territorial board of equalization with power to revise the assessments of the different counties, and see that all property is assessed as the law requires at its true cash value. It was given absolute jurisdiction in the as sesment of railroad property, and direct ed to fix the values and transmit them to the respective county boards for levy and collection. This will doubtlessly, to a certain extent, correct many of the irreg ularities of the past, increase future revenues, and make the burden of taxa tion bear on all alike. The same legisla ture also passed a funding bill by which the entire outstanding floating indebted ness of the Territory will be funded at a much lower rate of interest. The board of loan commissioners, created and auth orized to act by the provisions of this bill, have advertised for bids for the pur chase of $200,000 six per cent interest bearing bonds to run for a period of twenty-five years, which, without doubt, will readily be placed at a premium, and thereafter warrants, or evidences of in debtedness on the part of the Territory, bearing a heavy rate of interest will absolutely be prohibited. While the territorial indebtedness is much larger than it should have been, had wisdom and economy been more closely followed, yet the revenues of theTerritory, amount ing under a (air valuation to more than $30,000,000, are ample to insure prompt payment of all obligations. The expen diture for the maintenance of the terri torial government through the wise action of the last legislature have decreased, and.the rale of territorial taxation this year consequently has been lessened one mill. By reduced expenditures, increas ed taxable values, and the- gradual less ening of the tax rate, the Territory is now absolutely en a safe and healthful basis. Hereafter the taxable values will steadily increase, and the tax rates equally as steadily decrease. RAILROADS. There are 1,050.04 miles of railroad in Arizona. Two great trunk lines, the Southern Pacific and the Atlantic and Pacific, traverse the Territory from east to west, the former representing 383 miles and the latter 392 miles. During the past year 137.8 miles of the new road have been built the Maricopa and Phenix, connecting the city of Phenix, county seat of Maricopa county, via Tempe, with the Southern Pacific road, at or near Maricopa station, 345; the f rescott and Arizona Central, connect ing Prescott, the capital of the Territory, with Prescott Junction, on the Atlantic and Pacific road 73.3 miles, and 30 miles of the Mineral Belt road. The Prescott road is opening up the mineral and agri cultural regions of northern Yavapai, and the Phenix road is giving to the farmers and horticulturalists of the Salt River valley an open market, and rapid transportation for all their products. There will in all probability be a con necting link between the Prescott and Phenix roads built in the near future, also a northerly extention to the Utah Southern, which will open up a large and valuable belt ol mineral land and anthra cite and bituminous coal fields, besides throwing open to settlement many rich mountain valleys which will grow cereals, fruits and vegetables. AGRICULTURE. The agricultural possibilities ot Ari zona can scarcely be over-estimated. Nowhere on the continent can there be found richer soils than in the valleys of the Colorado. Salt, Gila, San Pedro, Santa Cruz and Verde rivers These rich bottom lands have a producing capacity not surpassed by any lands in United States. The UnitedStatesLand Office certifies there are 2,000,000 acres of arable land in the valleys of the Colo rado, Salt and Gila tilers. All that is required to make them yield abundantly is the artificial application of water. Water is in abundance in the rivers, and with the construction of canals and irri gating ditches every acre of this land will eventually be reclaimed. There are, it is estimated, at least 400 miles of irrigiting canils in Arizona, the total cost of con struction being over $1,000,000. This will reclaim about 215,000 acres of land. Most of the canals have beon construct ed, and the Mock i- owned by the holders ol the lands under them. The farmer pays for the number of inches he uses to produce his crop. From three-eighths to one-half of an inch per acre is all that is generally required. This system of cul tivating the soil is most reliable. Crops aremore certain and the yield far greater. Two crops are expected a year, and alfalfa (French lucerne) is cut five and six times a season. The Territory has twodistinct zones. North of the thirty-fourth parallel the elevation is from 4,000 107,000 feet above sea-level, with an average summer tem perature of 70 . During the winter snow falls on the mountains and feeds the rivers with waters that fertilize the valleys. South of the thirty-fourth paral lel the elevation above sea level is from 3,000 to 5,000 feet, with a minimum tem perature of 40 and a maximum of 80 for eight months of the year. The farmer plants in November and reaps in May. SETTLEMENT OF LANDS. The great advantage which Arizona offers in agriculture, horticulture, and stockraising are practically demonstrated by the rapidity with which the public lands are now being settled upon. Dur ing the last quarter the reports of the United States land office for the south ern district of Arizona show 82,000 acres filed upon, 50,000 acres under the desert land act, while in the northern district, during the past year the records show there have been taken up by settlers 20,920 acres, and 507,349 acres of the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad grant lands sold for grazing purposes. STOCK RAISING. Nowhere in the United States can the advantage of Arizona as a pasture be sur passed. Her live stock interests are in a flourishing condition. Free from the heavy falls of snow and severe cold of the more northern Territories, with greater security against droughts, this industry has thrived in Arizona while thousands of cattle in other and less favored local ities have perished from cold, hunger and thirst. The climitic changes are so mild through the entire year that the loss of stock from such causes is only nominal. Millions of dollars have been successfully invested in cattle-raising. This business pays a heavy share of our taxes. It has grown to such proportions that it is now one of the leading, most important and flourishing industries of the Territory. A large number of horses and mules are also raised. In sheep raising and wool growing, central Arizona has long taken prominence. MINING. The product of Arizona in precious metals for the year 1886, as given by Wells, Fargo & Co., was $6,103,378. This includes only such portions of the product as they were able to verify as having been transported. It would be safe to add at least 20 per cent for chlor ides and ore shipped out of the Teiritory for treatment in Colorado and Sar Fran cisco, and which are constantly being transported and not reported. Taken in the aggregate the mining industries of the Territory are on a safe and promising basis. The speculative characteristics which too long marked this especial in dustry are fast disappearing, and that stable, economical, sound, business pru dence, which alone brings success, is taking its place. Mining for precious metals is just as legitimate a business as that of any other branch of industry, but it requires the same amount of care, judgment and intelligence, and when these essential requirements are ignored, failure and disappointment inevitably follow, to the general detriment of this, one of the most important and growing industries of the country. Owing to lack of railroad facilities to cheapen the cost of transportation very many of the most valuable mining properties of the Terri tory, of necessity, have not been worked. This is especially true nf many of the mines of northern Arizona, which pro duce a heavy percentage of base ore, and cannot be treated by milling process and therefore need cheap transportation to be profitably shipped to remote points for treatment. Sampling works have been erected at Kingman, on the line of the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad, and at Prescott, at the terminus of the Prescott and Arizona Railroad, and at Tucson, on the line of the Southern Pacific road. Miners are nowhaving their orescrushed, assayed and purchased at these points. This facility has given renewed impetus to mining in these localities, and is a healthful sign. Most of the mining claims are owned by haid working, honest pros pectors, whose only capital is strong arms and indomitable will. Now they can procure a "grub stake," work their claims, take out ore and pack it to sampling works, receive payment and return to a their work, ready to extract more. Not waiting for capitalists to come their aid, they manfully labor, develop their own properties, and enjoy the profits. This system must prove a new epoch in the mining history of Arizona. It in sures a certain devel' pment of that great metalliferous wealth which lies hidden in every mountain range in Arizona, from its northern line at Utah to the southern boundary of Sonora. Arizona as yet is practically a virgin soil to the miner, her surface has only been scratched. Over $15,000,000 of silver were produced by three mines in Tombstone district at a depth of 600 feet, and above water level. The famous Silver King mine, of Pinal county, yielded, as estimated, over $7, 500,000 in the past eleven years, and still promises better returns. The great Vul ture gold mine, of Maricopa county, which is estimated to have produced some $5,000,000 within a depth of 500 feet, for years past has fed and is now feeding an 80 stamp mill, and is worked diy and night. These especially enum erated cases prove that while the "pay streak" of her mines may start at the "grass roots," yet her grand ore bodies go down deep into the bowels of the earth. Nature has indeed been lavish with Ari zona In the distribution of her mineral wealth, and the day is riot far distant when she shall lead in her "output" of precious metals. Arizona is also rich in copper, and in 1884 ranked third as a producer of this valuable metal. Three thousand miles removed from the eastern seaboard, she has successfully competed with lake copper. Her ore bodies are larger, and rich, averaging from 4 to 25 per cent., often carrying also a high per centage of silver. With increased facil ities of railway communication, cheap ening of coke and transportation, and a fair price for copper, this especial indus try must assume large proportions, giv ing employment to thousands of miners and adding greatly to the wealth of the Territory. FORESTS. The mountain ranges of the Territory carry a growth of timber, principally pine, oak, and juniper. The chief timber tract of Arizona is located near its center. The Mogollon forest has been described as equal in extent to the combined area of New Jersey and Delaware, larger than Massachusetts, and double the size of Connecticut. Its length is nearly 200 miles anditsaverage widthabout5omles, making 10,000 square miles or 6,400,000 acres. Outside of the pineries of Michi gan, Wisconsin and Washington Terri tory, there are few portions of the Repub lic that contain such an extensive body of timber. The Arizona Lumber Com pany, at Flagstaff, sawed in the past year 5)976,493 feet and shipped 8,305,093 feet of lumber. In size and quality the lum ber produced is claimed to be above the average. EDUCATION. In the matter of public education, Ari zona has always been advancing. There has been an increase in the enrollment and average attendance in the public schools during the past year. Twelve new school districts have been created, 13 additional school houses have been built, and 25 new schoolsestablished. The public-school system of Arizona is a sub ject of pride to all of her citizens. School advantages are freely offered to every child in every part of the Territory. Pay ing higher salaries than any State or other Territory, it also requires a higher standard of ability in the teacher. The public schools are supervised by a terri torial superintendent of public instruction who is elected biennially. There is also a territorial board of education, consisting of the superintendent of of public instruc tion, territorial treasurer, and the govern or, whose duty is to adopt rules and reg ulations for the government of the pub lic schools and libraries, devise plans for the increase and management of the ter ritorial school fund, perscribe and en force the use of uniform series of text books and course ot studies, grant ed ucational diplomas, and revoke for im moral conduct or evident unfitness for teaching territorial diplomas. The pro bate judge of each county in the Terri tory is made ex officio county superin tendent of the public schools for his county. His duty is to apportion the school moneys to each district of his county, to draw the necessary warrants on the county treasurer for expenses against the school fund, enforce the course of study, the use of text books, and the rules and regulations for the ex amination of teachers, as perscribed by the proper authority. The Territory is divided into school districts, which are presided over by three school trustees, who are elected at a special election, and whose duties are to generally superintend all school matters within their district. The public schools of the Territory are maintained by the levy of a tax of three cents upon each $100 value taxable prop erty, collected and paid into the territor ial treasury as a special fund for school purposes, and then apportioned to the respective counties. The school year begins on the first day of July and ends on the last day of June. The Territory has also in successful operation a normal school, locattd at Tempe, Maricopa county, and has endowed a university at Tucson, Pima county, which is not yet constructed. All moneys accruing to the Territory by the sale of personal or real property of an escheated estate, or from the rents or profit of lands or tenements held as escheated, are payable into the school fund, as also all moneys arising from fines, forfeitures, and gambling licenses, By her liberal and progressive system ' of public schools Arizona is diffusing knowledge among her rising generation J and preparing her youths to intelligently asjumejthe duties' of American citizen ship when clothed with its cares and re sponsibilities. SCHOOL LANDS. By act of Congress there have been seventy-two sections of public lands within the Territory granted for the pur poses of a University, also the sixteenth and thirty-sixth sections of every township for' a school fund. The Territory is deprived of the use of these lands until it becomes a State. If the sixteenth and thirty-sixth sections in every township could be sold, and the money arising from the same appropriated to defrying the school ex penses of the Territory, it would prove a great benefit to the cause of education and greatly relieve our overburdened taxpayers. Arizona needs the benefits to accure from these lands now more than when' she becomes a State, and should enjoy the privilege of their dispos al the same as is granted the States. Not having any ccntrol over these lands, they are fast being denuded of timber, so that when we do enter statehood and control them they may practically prove value less. Again, many of these sections are being occupied by settlers who innocent ly and from want of i information are wasting time, labor and'mbftey in clear ing the land, erecting buildings, and making improvements which vill in the future prove a total loss to them. I respectfully recommend that Con gress be asked to give the Territories the same privileges as the States now enjoy in this matter, and authorize the absolute transfer of these lands to the respective Territories for the im mediate benefit of the cause of public education. THE INDIANS. The principal tribes of Indians in Ari zona are the Apaches, the Pimas and Maricopas, the Papagoes, -the Yumas, the Mohaves, the Moquis, the Navajos, and the Hualapais. The Navajos ate the most prosperous, intelligent, enter prising, and doubtless the wealthiest tribe in the United States. They num ber some 16,000 and are increasing. It is estimated the tribe owns at least 20,000 horses and 1,000,000 sheep. They occupy the Navajo reservation, situated in the extreme northeast corner of the Territory, which also takes in a portion of New Mexico, and covers asout 5,000 square miles. They farm quite exten sively, raising good crops of cereals, veg etables and fruits. They are famsus manufacturers of blankets, bridles, sad dlecloths, lariats, etc. It is claimed that the annual yield for these manufactured articles is at least $40,000. The Pimas and Maricopas occupy a reservation on on the Gila river. They number about 5,000 and are exclusively agriculturalists. They are peaceful, con tented and industrious, and live in happy accord with white settlers. The Papagos live on a reservation near Tucson, on the Santa Cruz river, are the owners of many cattle, and are successful tillers of the soil. Asa body they are thrifty, temperate, and virtuous. They have espoused the cause of Christianity and are ardent Catholics. The Mohaves, numbering about 800, occupy a reservation on the Colorado river, about 600 squire miles. They are not sell supporting, and while peaceful are of low moral status. The Yumas live on a reservation near Fort Yuma, and number 1000. They do a little farming. The Hualapais number some 700, and while the government has set apart a res ervation near the Grand Canyon of the Colorado, they do not seem able to live upon it, but roam at large through the counties of Yavapai and Mohave, seek ing employment as scouts, trailers, miners and farm hands. They are peace ful, and often render good service to the officials as trailers to run down escaped criminals. The Mnquis are a peaceful tribe, living in the northeastern part of the Territory, and like the Navajos have proved them selves successful farmers, manufacturers and sheep raisers. The Apaches are located on the San Carlos reservation, which contains 3,950 square miles or 2,528,000 acres of well watered, well timbered, and the best agricultural and mining land in the Ter ritory of Arizona. They are subdivided into diffeient tribes. As a race they are lazy, thievish, and 'murderous, seemingly incapable of civilization. Fed and cloth ed by a generous Government, they are ever ready to show their base ingratitude by going on the war path and murdering peaceful and inoffensive citizens. On every hill and mountain top and in every valley of southeastern Arizona, the bleached bones of theassassinated victims of these incarnate fiends are to be found silent but eloquent witnesses of the unwise policy of the Government in herding this festering mass of supersti tious, criminal ignorance on a reservation 60 miles long and 20 miles wide, and allowing them possession of the most improved fire-arms and ammunition, so that when tired of the bounties of their benefactors they are able to swoop down in the vengence of their savage brutality upon innocent and unsuspecting men, women and children, murdering them at will. The sturdy pioneer of advancing civilization, striking earnest blows in the development of its outpost, is entitled to greater protection than this. Security of lifej limb and property is one of the guar antees of the Government. Loyal to their Government, faithful to all obliga tions of citizenship, the people of Arizona ask that this menace to their prosperity and happiness shall be removed. They only ask what is just. As long as these Apache Indians are suffered to remain within her borders, just so long will the peace of Arizona be insecure and her progress be retarded. Their presence constitutes the only obstruction to the development of this, one of the richest portions of the United States. Remove them, and Arizona,free and untrammeled, will work out her great destiny. PUBLIC BUILDINGS. The public buildings of the Territory are the Territorial prison at Yuma, the insane asylum at Phenix, and the nor mal school at Tempe. An appropriation was made for the erection of a Territo rial university, to be located at Tucson, which has not yet been constructed. The Federal Government has not yet made an appropriation for the erection of any public building in Arizona. It would be economy to do so, as the amount of rent paid for rooms occupied by United States officers in the Territory would in a few years repay the cost of construction of a suitable public building. LEGISLATION. The legislative assembly of the Terri tory meets biennially. The last session, the fourteenth, commenced on the loth day of January, and ended by legal re quirement on the 10th day of March, having been in session sixty days. The laws of the Territory were made to conform to the act of the Forty-ninth Congress, prohibiting special legislation, and limiting Territorial indebtedness. General laws were passed regulating all subjects upon which special legislation is prohibited. They strictly observed the Federal law in keeping within the Con gressional appropriation for the expenses of the session, also regarding the num ber of employes. As the law now stands an unequal physical burden is imposed upon Territorial legislative assemblies, it being an impossibility to successfully dis patch the regular business of the session with the clerical force now limited by law. There should be allowed at least two more clerks for each body. The present compensation of $4 per day is entirely inadequate, not being sufficient to pay ordinary daily expenses. It should certainly not be less than $6 per day. UNDEVELOPED RESOURCES. It is difficult to estimate the undevel oped resources of a Territory containing 73,000,000 Acres of land . About 18,000, 000 acres are now in use for stock-raising. The remaining 56,000,000 are min eral and agricultural lands. It is esti mated in the stretch of desert land from Yuma to. the mountain ranges of Pima county, a distance of 200 miles in length by 125 miles in width, there is contained about 15,000,000 acres. This is pre eminently a citrus fruit belt, where can be grown to perfection the orange, lemon, lime, banana, fig, olive, date and raisin grape. Every requirement of soil and climate exist in Southern Arizona t ren der it one of the richest citrus and semi tropical fruit districts in the world. To reclaim this now desert waste and make it yield an abundance of valuable crops, there is only needed an artificial appli cation of water. It js to irrigation, then, that this Territory must look, to a large extent, for the development of her re sources. I respectfully renew my rec ommendation that Congress make a lib eral appropriation for a hydrographic survey, with a view to obtaining water by storage reservoirs in the mountain sheds, and testing the utility of artesian wells for that purpose in the valleys. Millions of acres of themost desiiable agricultural and horticultural lands now lie idle awaiting reclamation by these agencies. GENERAL PROGRESS. The progress of the Territory for the past year has been gratifying. A new interest has been given to all our in dustrial enterprises. Canals and water ways are being constructed, thousands of acres of land are being reclaimed, new railroads are being built, herds of cattle are increasing, agriculture and horti culture are prospering, mining interests are improving, labor is profitably em ployed, capital is receiving a liberal re turn, and law and order are maintained. Outside of the presence of the Apache Indians within her borders, there is nothing. now to retard Arizona's rapid development. Peopled by a sturdy, liberal, and progressive body of citizens, she is making social as "well as industrial progress, and laying the foundation deep and strong for the establishment of a free and sovereign State. Very respectfully, yours, C. Meyer Zulick, Governor. Hon. L. Q. C. Lamar, Secretary of the Interior. "Read m: for my cause, and be patient that ye may read." Siiakesphere. The Greatest Study of Mankind is Man; The greatest study of mankind is man, And who e'er his wonderous fame doth scan, Ponder and devise to cure an ill. Whether by divice fruit or pill, An equal benefactor is he; and we haste. The inventor of a citharic of delicious taste. To do him honor. Who remembers not how the distressed mother, Her child's entreaties tries to smother, That she insist not the horrid doese be taken. The remembrance e'en now does nausea awaken, And fond father, To be witness of his child's torture, would Rather pay high price, If money coald purchase Cathartic nice. We have it nowl and great De Prati's name, Appears upon the scroll of Esculapian fame; For after long study what would suit, Has hit upon delicious fruit To cute our ills. Away at once v. ith draughts and pills; Tor whether it be indigestion, liver complaint or Costipation, Or any distase to which flesh is heir, He here with price does boldly declare, And on the assertion will wager big. That it can be cured by HAMBURG FIG I At Druggists. 2$ cts. a box. J. . Mack Co., proprietors, s. r. -&3 v '-? -jb