swj, JtattkUtit in reply to his
.'tS'dtSelinmg the invitation to
uhraigo and te welcomed and
Mltawlwd for his financial record, a
(synopsis of which is givon bolow
?S?Vfctov' may hnppon, you aio
K"?H?" vevl tw yx,r bold tt.ml
DU kJ tuo tn.uwv " -"
oj(.acwefloy ot the combination
'o'fgtrfd laonometallists against the
'doctrino of your Secretary ot tho
PUM 1W , X
rw vr ,-Kb , -' 98T w&
Dollur ot t873.
published euery $aturday
GUARDIAN PUBLISHING CO.
John J. Birdno, Manager.
Harry B. Fox, Secretary.
AND MANAGER JOI DEVAUTMKNT
fcAffiURDAY, MAY, 4, 1895.
' Per year, In ml unco 83.00
Address nil Communications
The Guardian Pub. Co.,
f'STSWAUT AND ATGELD REP1Y
&-&& TO ULiSViiiiAa.
5& - -
Rautor Stewart ofNovada lias
addressed an open lottor to tit
'UrMhary of the coinage of both
-. i i i ,..,....
goju ana silver upon twins w
otraalily. You aro doing what no
other President has had tho courage
to do sineo the Crime of 1873.
JNone of your pvedeoossors since
that qfcent has dared to
advise ft combination of gold
monometallists against the constitutional
right of the American people
to lmve coined ut tho mintifboth
gold and silver, and thoroby to on-
joy a sufficient supply of money of
ultimate payment t do the business
of the country, sustain onterprisoj
and furnish employment flr Tabor.
Your conJjdiiDco'Tn your wisdom f
aadviHffility is sublime when untlor
sreaent conditions you aro willing
Iq onallengo comparisons between
'jj'Otlr policy and thai of the founders
of the Democratic party which
placed you in power. If you c ould
point to any benefit you have been
10 ih6 country your task would be
imteh ensiorj but in viow of
disticss, your courago far ox-coeds
your disci otion, unless you
presei.t your reasons for gold
monometallism without delay.
"There must bo something in thoso
reasons besides tho catch phrase
sound money,' 'purity,'
'national credit,' 'patriotic
devotion,' 'party,' and tholiko.
Such talk is stalo and can no longer
restrain the people from just indignation
against the combination
-which has deprived tho young and
cntorpiising of all opportunity to
acnuire wealth and indopondonce
rwi the countrv into
misory and want. "
"Aro you aware that every pro
fessor and studont of political econ
omy, except thoso m tho employ of
old monopoly in Europo and
America, aro in favor of tho coin
ago of both gold and silver upon
terms of exact equality, and that
tho advocates of gold monopoly
liavo nothing to present in favor oi
their cause except such vague generalities
as j ou yourself employ,
and that if you havo no reason for
maintaining tho gold standard
will benefit your causo, then
nobody elso has? Under thoso
circumstances, if your gold combination
is to bo successful, you must
find some way of satisfying tho
people that it is right for thorn to
1)0 poor and miserable, if thereby
they (an sceuro tho smilc3 of tho
.mauinuhitors of an alien gold trust,
aw) that in cotton and
fifty-cent wheat aro agrocablo to
tho Ilorthschilds tho pooplo of the
Tltiiio.l States are sufficiently com
pemjatod for any sacrifice they may
'In conclusion, I assure yon that
-when your argument
in favor of tho gold standard
.peaip, I shall take great pleasure
"Jin falling your attention to any
Kwatlecivou may inadvertently omit
i.K aiws.tarv' for vour causo.
, :-. .
GjvwHgeld said ot jwesiflont
vafijMtiiflttr or finance
V ,.4l... ., than
that of tlio President signed to it
nobody would givo it pny attontion;
in i'uut if I had signed such a document
it would bo ridiculed all over
tho country, for its weakness almost
excites pity; but the lottor is
remarkable in this, that it is tho
liast instanco in tho history of the
lonublioin which a President of
tho United States, after using all
tho power of tho Government, has,
in addition, condesended to writo
for tho newspapers in order to sor o
his master. For this lottor was not
only wrilton for publication, but
was intended to start a boom, and
has been advertised for a week in
order to give it an audience. Other
Presidents have been used as a
convenience by class intercuts, but
this is tho iirst timo in which a
President's name has been dragged
800 mile3 oulsido of "Washington
cit' for that purpose
'''After nominating Clovoland
tta'Co times and electing him twico
td tho Picsidenoy, tho Standard Oil
and Wall stroot people got him to
i so all tho power of Government to
further their scheme. The country
has heon astonished to soo patronage
used to coerce Congioss into
doing the bidding of the Fast, Irom
striking down silver to the packing
of tho Supreme Court. Tn the
meantime the country has been
going from bad to worse.
Tub husk silver conference to be
held in Salt Lake on tho Kith of
next month purpose of providing
ways and means to educate
tho people on the money question
is a step in the right direction. By
placing bimotalhst literature in the
hands of the American poople is
the quickest and mostoflbctual way
of bringing this great qnosiion
Let the common, people of our im-
tion onca UifiVPnglliiV (iomprehond
tho quos'tion and the fight will bo
of short duration, and they will
finrt themselves once moro free and
independent, no longer under the
control and dictation of the bloated
bond-holders and money king
of the country.
Senator Call of Florida has taken
an activo interest in the alfturswt
Cuba and whon recently sj'wa if he
considered it probtJie that the
Unitod Stat"V Jhld take any steps
Jo. .b io tho recognition of Cuba,
replied that ho thought our country
should not only recognize tho in
dopendonco of tho island, but that
it should guarantee the bonds of an
independent government. Tho
views oi tlio sonaior navo oeen
communicated to tho Secretary of
State, but ho has oppressed no
opinion on thesuhjeot.
Tho Philadelphia Tunes says it
will support no man for the Presidency
in 180G 'who is not squarely
for honest money, for that is the
paramount iS'iue. So far, so good.
Tho Times says also that "national
and state credit must be established
so eloarly and positively that tho
woild will accopt it." That will
do too. The restoration of silvor
to its propor place as a monoy
inotal will do all this.
A man possessing large quantities
of coin doos not generally hoard
it; ho cannot eat it; ho is compelled
to dispose of it in roturn for other
commodities of which ho has need
His buying stimulates production.
vTho result of tho coinage of
silvor, at a lixod ratio of valuo,
would cause a rovival of trade, and
our present monetary difficulties
I am unqualifiedly in favor of free
silver, and shall work with tho
"West, in tho endeavor to givo it
its propor place, said Sonator Stove
Elkins, of West Virginia, tho other
day in Los Angelas. As to how
the question can best bo handled I
can say nothing now. Put mo
down as a S'did silvor man though.
Large eastern business houses
stipulate on thoir invoices, "Payable
in Gold." What busines has
any firm to disci iminato between
leiral tendor money. Houses of
tho gold bug slripo should not be
Jai'AN is supposed to have 40,-000,000
inhabitants and China 400-000.000.
The navmont of an in-
demnily of 8100,000,000 to tho
by tho latter, is not a serious
matter. Our war with Mexico
cost exactly that amount.
The bums, hoboes and thumporj
who carried tho recent election in
D onvcr (aided by some of tho best
citizens,) are now boing shipped to
Kansas city and 'other remoto
points) far, far from tho pie counter.
It is hoped that Arizona'1
batch will miscarry.
80 YEARS THE STANDARD.
Tho fact that silvor has maintain
ed itself relatively to allothorcom.
modities, with tho singlo excoption
of gold, proves conclusively that it
is moro equablo and uniform in its
exchangeable valuo than gold.
Tho products of tho farm, the mine,
tho facto', tho workshop, vary is
according to stho supply and demand
and the abundanco or scarcity
of monoy, tho distributing agent of
all commodities. Gold is tho most
fickle, uncertain and variablo of all
earthly products. It is in tho
United States to-day, to-morrow it
is in England, then in France,
Germany, Austria or Itussia. Bnx.
Franklin well said that tho esti
mate in which other nations hold
gold made it too unstablo and unreliable
for a domestic instrument
of oxchangc. "Whilo wo have had
from tho beginning of our national
oxislcnco both gold and silver as a
legal tender at a givon ratio, tho
silver dollar for eighty years was
tho only standard. A lump of gold
of a givon weight and fineness was
declared to bo of tho value of ton
silver dollars. Thoir rolativo ex
changeable valuo was fixed and de
termined by law.
Tho United States never had two
measuring units. Silvor had that
honor undisputed until tho rascally
act of Congress transferred the
measuring unit from tho silver to
tho gold dollar and dropped the
coinage of silver. Tho silver dollar
was the standard, but gold was
clothed with money functions.
When tho gold dollar was made
the unit, silver wa3 deprived of its
money functions. There was no
complaint during a period of 80
years that our coinage laws wore
defootivo or wrought injury to debtor
or creditor; on the contrary, the
wisdom and statemanship of their
authors never questioned.
BOOK QF GENESIS.
The first mention of a circulating
medium, in sacred or
tory, is foundinJHojuer XXIII,
booijAXsis, the 15th vorse.
Hfah, tho wife of tho Patiiavch,
tUiruhnm, hud died. Abraham war.
a stranger among the sons oflleth,
and he stood up beioro them and
"I am astiangor and sojourner
with you, givo mo a possession of
of a burying place with j on, that
I may bury my dead out of my
Xow the children of lleth wore
liboral fellows, and hospitable, and
did not wish to charge the Pa trial
eh for a grave yard. But Abraham
would not havo it that way.
lie aid unto them: ''Jloarmeand
entieat for mo to Ephron,' the son
of Zohar, that ho may givo mo the
cavo of Maohpoluh, which ho hath,
which is in the ond of his field;
much money as it is wortli ho
shall givo it mo for a possossion of
a burying place amongst you."
Ephron wanted to mako Abraham
a present of tho cavo, but lie
would not take it, so thej' stiuck a
bargain and answering said: "My
loid harkon unto ino: tho land is
worth four bundled shekels of
SILVER; what is that botweon
you aim mor oury ineroior my
And Abraham hearkened unto
Ephron; and Abraham weighed to
Ephron tho SILVER which he had
named, four hundred shekels of
SILVER, current money, with tho
And irom that dato (loOU years
before tho Christian era) until, in
a misguided moment, silver was
demonetized, the whito metal has
been a circulating medium among
all enlightened people
After tho fourth of March 1897
Grovcr Cleveland will retire to
private life and livo in history, unless
something remarkable should
occur in tho mcantimo, as the most
unpopular President, with whom
our country has been afllictcd,
John Tyler not excepted. When
Tyler becamo president, on tho
death of Harrison,Congross met and
repealed tho Sub-treasury bill. It
also passed a general bankrupt
bill, and two bills to establish
a national bank. Tyler
vetoed tho two last and tho Whig
party which had olectod him were
indignant and tho Cabinot was
disrupted. Clovoland liko Tyler
lias gono back on tho platform and
traditions of tho party which made
Whether a singlo or double
standard bo adopted, tho continued
and enlarged use of silver will
bo demanded by tlicAmorican people.
THAT 16,000,000 DOLLARS.
It is olaimod that tho insertion
of tho word 'gold' instead of thn
word 'coin' in tho bonds to bo is
sqod will bo a saving to tlio treasury
of 816,000,000, as tho gold can
bo procured at a lower interest. It
claimed to bo an act of folly, as
tho bonds, principal and interest,
will bo paid in gold, whichever
woid may bo used. Wo aro not
quite as cortain as others profess to
be that tho act ot Congress in by
fusing to mako tho chango is sense
less and inexcusable. If tho ma.
jority of congress rccognizo this as
an interpretation ot tho moaning
that all tho outstanding bonds and
all othor indebtedness of the United
States aro to bo liquidated in gold
this refusal may save a great many
If tho word coin, means silver,
as well as gold, it may bo possible
that somo future Congress may
conoludo that tho joint lcsolution
submitted to a former Congress by
Sonator Stanley Mctthews and
adopted by a largo majority is tho
only interpretation. That resolution
declared thai it would be an
act of the utmost good faith and
sustain the natijn's honor to pay
the bonds of ho Government in
This congress migl't forstall tho
action of a future one by provid
ing specifically for gold paymont.
Those who believe that both gold
and silver should be utilised as
money at tho old ratio of 10 to 1
should watch with the utmost -vigilance
overy insidious oilbrt made
to pi event tho full and complete re
habilitation ot silver at its old
ratio with gold. Thoso who be.
liovo in equal and exact justice between
debtor and creditor do not
want anj' 00-cent dollars nor 110
cent dollars., but aio determined
to maintain tho 100 cent dollars established
by the first coinage act
of tlio first Congress of the United
Clipped and Condensed From late
PASSING E.VPNTS OF THE WEEK
KnppenlnRM Throughout tiie Territory
JMltuil "U Ith the siltoi.
The Gila Valley, (ilobe and
Northern railroad runs through
lone of tho most fertile "ctions of
this Teriitory and .when completed
will atroid transportation facilities
to ono of tho richest, and to a great
extent undovoloped.mining legions
m the southwest. The valley ot
tho upper Gila is peopled by an
and hardworking class
who, despito disadvantages, have
forced the sage bmsh to give
way to the pasture and coveied tlio
burning sand with turf. Thero aro
yet countless acres of reclainiablo
land waiting for the investment of
capital in irrigation enterpiises.
Gila county to tlio noith which
boasts of ono of the lichest copper
mines in the United States is seam
ed and cross seamed with ledges of
precious metals, somo ot which
have been successfully worked for
years notwithstanding their isolation.
Numberless claims that heretofore
were not rich enough to
warrant the torrific exoenso of
erecting machinery or tho payment
of extortionate freight rates in shipping
to reduction work, will, on
the completion of this line, become
valuable as ore producers. Gila
county like Yavapai, our northern
neighbor, is almost enticrly
to mining and stockraising and
tho local interchange of
tics botweon tho points along the
lino of this now lailwav will in a
measure parallcll tho benoficial
stato of affairs so recently brought
about bv tho completion of tho S.
F. P. & P. railroad Fhenix Republican.
Tho legality of tho law classifying
counties will in all probability
bo tested in tho courts. But, taking
a scnsiblo viow of the case,
and tho various decisions of court,
it looks to us as though the bill
bearing tho signaturo of tho governor
is tho law and cannot bo
by parolo or other evidence.
A wise and accoptablo plan for
conecting tho ovils of tho existing
currency systom is demanded by
all classes who recognize their existence
Tho situation offers an ex
cellent opportunity for purely patriotic
impulses to emerge from the
shadow which partisan strifo has
thrown ovor them.
Tun bost silver mine in Colorado
cannot produce silver for less than
50 cents on the dollar. Tho aver-ago
cost has been 68 cents on a dollar.
"Whero one man has struck a
paying lead a hundred havo spent
their timo and money without any
roturns. Tho opinion is doubtless
well founded that every dollar of
silver has cost two dollars to pro
ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION
We, Hie unJcrslgned, N. P. Bcebe, John W.
Morrh, C. Ma Hon, A. Perkins, and A. T. West,
Dlrcitors and Incorporators of the Saflbrd Milling
and Merchandise Company, aro authorized
tho share holders to incorporate said com
Tlio principal place or business shall be In
tho town ofSaflbrd, County of Graham,- Territory
The timo of commencement of this corpora
tion shall bo tho day of filing theso articles of
Incorporation In tho offlce of the County Re
corder of said Graham County, and shall con
tinue finy jears thereaner.
Tho business of this Incorporation shall bo
the grinding ofl heat, Barley and Corn, ond
tho buying and selling of Wheat, Flour, Barley,
Corn, Hay and Meichandiso, and shall bo
ast the Saflbrd Milling and Merchandise
The Capital Stock shall be 310,000 09, dhldcd
into 2,000 shares; df tho par value of So 00 each.
Tho highest amouut of indebtedness that this
company shall contract at any one timo shall be
limited to $-.,000 00
The priato property of tho stockholders oi
this incorporation shall bo exempt from corporate
A Board of fh e Directors, who shall bo stockholders
of this Incorporation, shall conduct its
affairs, and they shall be elected at tho nmmt
moating of the stock holders, to bo held tm the
first Saturday of June in each year, by a mo-
ity i ote of tho st jck present.
These articles of Incorporation may be MMnd
ed at any time by a two thirds majority vote of
the stock reprceuted at any called meeting
The following share holders shall constitute
tho Board of Directors for the present ear, U'
N. P. I1KEHE.
J. V. HOItlUS,
A T WKST.
Tmr.iTORY or Arizona,!
y GOOJfTV OF GllAHA(, J ""
Before me, W. B. Fonda, a Justice of the
l'eare in and tor Precimt No 1, In said
Graham County, on this 2i th day of April, A. D
1S0.V irotiillv appeared N. 1' Beebe, J W
Morris, C Mad-on, A. Perkins and A T West,
known to me to bo the persons vhoe names are
subscribed to the foregoing instrument nnd
to me that they executed the same
for the purpose and consideration therein ex
In witness whereof 1 have hereunto set my
-hand on this 25lh daj of Apill, A I) 1S95
Justice of the IVace, No 1
rf& 8 BBIJ
EEAVES and PAItKS,
Private Club Room for patrons
Has completed ariangcmonts to
furnish a fine lot of'Photographs
I am now making my photogiaphs
on a new system and guarantee
Main Street, THATCHER, A. T.
Manufacturer of all kinds of
TIN, SHEET IEON -
AND COPPER WARE
Repairing promptly and Neatly
done at Reasonable prices.
is rntrAniD to I I
. Do All Kinds of Building.
Bids accompanied by plans and
Furnished on Short Notice
OFFICn, HOLLINS BltOS' STOB.E,
PIMA, - ARIZONA
Choice Liquors and Fine Cigars.
Comfortable Club Room Attached.
McGinty & Whitewings, Propr's
Pima's Baste Shop
Cor. MAIN and First "WEST St..
Shaving and Latest Stlcs of hair cuttlnc neatly
executed Razors In ilrst class condition.
T. E. NORTON, Prop.
Watcjus, Clocks, Jewelry,
RtPAirtD rnoMrrxi by
E. C. RABER,
Lead Them All!!
"WALTER A, WOOD'S
THE REST MACHINE
'mii.il utwijtJiii - u.iinym ;.??
TttIIs ONE Liffliter
Than liny Otliev IsLiiotvii
BXcicliiiie ..... Also
. 13 hi cat
AGENT FOR GRAHAM COUNTY".
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"Wo prcsont the following list for
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Hives, Smokers, Sections, Honey
Extractors, Comb Foundations
AND ALL KI.NDS Or-
-HH ISMKIAII UrfLlUb
Manufactured bj the LAIIY M'F'G CO,
W lite for esilmatcs on larce quantities. Send
for my lice nook, . uy rroi. j zi. itouse, and 20-
page "l.mn sue" catalogue, voaress,
Dress Goods Silks, Satins
and Notions, and Velvets
Special attention Hat Trimjig
Dresses Made to Guaranteed
Main ati cot; jfJOIA, A. T.
ON TIIE MARKET.
TIIE PIONEER STRAIGHT FKEE SILVER
PAPER OF THE TERRITORY.
County w ,1
As an ADVERTISING MEDIUMS
nrm In Til rmf.
KJiiXiiVi: xuvxris ca
We are Fully Prepared
Note Heads, 0
Blanks, of all
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