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GOVERNMENT ASKS FOR CO-OPERATION Supervisor of Indian Schools Visits Parker and Wants Indian Children Admitted to Public School — Meet ing Called For Tonight—Attend. Frank A. Thackery. supervisor of Indian schools, was in Parker sever al Jays the past week inspecting the Colorado River school and the condi tion of the Indians generally. Ac cording to Mr. Thackery the govern ment is still of the opinion that the Indian children should be admitted to the local public school. Mr. Thackery states that the gov ment will pay $lO per quarter, or $3.33 1-3 per month for each pupil. Owing to the unhealthful condition cf the Indian children there are only four or five who could qualify for ad mission to our schools, and he asks that these be taken in as an experi ment. Later it can be determined by the people of Parker and the gov ernment officials whether it is ad visable to continue the experiment. Only pupils having a health certif icate from the agency physician would be admitted under this plan, and af ter an examination by a physician named by the school trustees, the government to pay for such examina lion. This would preclude any pos sibility of having pupils with conta gious diseases entering our school. Superintendent Babcock and Mr. Thackery give the assurance that all Indian pupils would come clean, a they would he sent from clean quar ters under the direct supervision o matrons and would he inspected each morning before being allowed to come into the school. Superintendent Thackery will ree ommend to his superiors that the old agency school be turned into a hos pital for the treatment of the older Indians, who are fast being decimated by disease. He also proposes to recommend that the home life of the Indians he made more sanitary, and believes that after the Indians have received their allotment of ten acres each that this part of the work will be easily solved. On behalf of the government Super visor Thackery earnestly asks the co operation of the people of- Parker in solving the local Indian problem, boih from educational and sanitary stand points. This was his first visit here and he was very enthusiastic over th; future of the country. He slated tluu the rich lands of the reservation when they come under cultivation are bound to make Parker one of the largest cities in Arizona. He is now work ing on a plan to have a government, experimental farm established on the site of the old agency, and believes that he will be successful. This would be of inestimable value to the set tlers who take up homesteads in the Parker valley. Meeting Called For Tonight. A meeting of citizens was held Thursday evening in front of the Parker Commercial company’s store for the purpose of discussing the mat ter of admitting a few Indian pupil; into (he public school beginning with Lite fall term. Superintendent Bab cock was present and stated that (here will not be over five or six pupils for the present, that the bal ance of the children would undergo treatment to fit them physically to enter probably next year. It was decided to hold another meet ing at the same place Saturday night August 12, io vote upon the question. Everybody having interests here is earnestly requested to be on hand to vote on the matter. GOLD OUTPUT INCREASES. The gold output of California re cords an excellent increase for the first six months of 1911, according to preliminary advices from the leading districts, with the prospect good for a still greater gain in the concluding months of the year. Last year the to tal output of gold approximated $22,- 000,000. Indications are that the out put of the precious metal for the half-year ending with July amounted to fully $12,000,000. PASSING OF OLD FIRM. Monaghan & Murphy, one of the oldest mercantile houses in Needles, Is soon to pass into other hands, th old firm retiring on a well earned con' potency, When Frank Monaghan and Dan Murphy went to Needles il was composed of a few shacks on the extreme of the desert. Now the town THE PARKER POST has over 3,000 inhabitants and is one of the most prosperous towns in San Bernardino county. REAL ESTATE DEAL. Yesterday a deal was made whereby G. A. Marsh purchased the interests of R. O. Saufley and W. E. Robin son in the firm of G. A. Marsh com pany. Mr. Marsh is now sole owner of the firm. The consideration was Mr. Marsh’s holdings in the Parker Land company, which company in the future will be wholly controlled by Messrs. Saufley and Robinson. NEAR BEER RETURNED. The shipment of five barrels of near beer, which was seized last week by Superintendent Babcock and a force of Indian police across the river, was returned to the Brown pool hall Thursday. It is understood that Mr. Babcock did not receive any sat isfaction from the department at Washington, and decided to turn ovet the goods to the owner. BIG CAR REACHES PARKER ON TIME B. O. Tilden, President of the Ameri can Sanitary Works of New York, Is Accompanying Car From Atlan tic Coast to Honolulu. The big fifty h.p. touring car which left New York April 20th for Honolulu over the route which is known as the B. O. T. Trip, arrived in Parker Tues day night, and left the following morning on its way to San Francisco. The car arrived here exactly on time according to carefully pre-arranged schedule, and while nearly two months have elapsed since it left New York City, yet when the total distance cov ered is considered the car has surely proved a record breaker, for instance: instead of coming directly from New York, it started west via South Carolina having passed through all the South Atlantic States, then' it turned north again as far as Pennsyl vania, passed through the Appala chian chain at Cumberland, through West Virginia, and into Ohio via Ten nessee and Kentucky, and then nearly directly west. They have made an average daily run of about 100 miles, and the fact that they have had an absolutely clean record so far as automobile repairing is concerned, is surely a good word for the Stoddard Dayton car which they are running. The trip, however, i s a purely business venture and is not a route maker or an automobile advertisement in any sense of the word. O. B. Til den, president of the American San itary Works of New York City and an authority on sanitation, is accom panying the car on its entire trip, and it is in the interes tof the product of his own factories that he is making this extended tour. PROSPECTING IN COLORADO. Mining Science of Denver has just published a booklet by Arthur Lakes, the geologist, bearing upon the fields for prospecting in Colorado, the areas which may be avoided and the geo logical conditions which the prospect or should observe. The booklet contains, in addition to incidental illustrations, a good sized geological map of the state, call ed “The prospectors’ map of Colo rado,” this being folded and inserted. The map is based upon the original Hayden atlas and is brought up to date by the aid of other authorities and Prof. Lakes’ own intimate knowl edge of the Igneous areas of the stale. COMPLETES ROOFING. F. E. Mank of Phoenix completed the roofing of the Indian school build ings Thursday noon. Each of the four dormitories have been roofed with an asbestos material manufactured by the W. H. Johns Mantle company. This character of roofing is a new departure in this section, and consid ering the extreme warm weather it is likely to become most popualr, as it is claimed to be a non-conductor of heat. Aside from this it is absolute ly fire-proof. Mr. Mank and his force covered the C. W. Graves building with the material Thursday afternoon. A REPEATER. The new greaseless Puritan Perox ide Cream, 25c. Same size, same formula as a famous 50c cream. CITY DRUG STORE. PARKER, YUMA COUNTY, ARIZONA, SATURDAY, AUGUST 12, 1911. SENATE VOTES STATEHOOD ARIZONA AND NEW MEXICO Overwhelming Majority Given Flood Resolution Regarded as Moral Level Which Is Bound to Overcome President’s Objections. Statehood for Arizona and New Mexico, the last two territories with in the mainland of the United States, was voted by the senate early Tues day evening by a vote of 53 to 18. Under the provisions of the bill, which is substantially the same meas ure that passed the house earlier in the special session,Arizona is required to resubmit that portion of her pro posed constitution which provides for the recall of the judiciary. Defeat of this provision, however, is not made a prerequisite to statehood. The overwhelming majority given the Flood resolution in the senate Tuesday is regarded as a moral lev er which is bound to overcome any personal objections which the presi dent may entertain toward the recall of the judiciary. The Flood resolu tion leaves President Taft a loophole of escape by its reference of the re call of judges to a vote of the people of the new state. An analysis of the vote in the sen ate also leads to the conclusion that the president will not care to place a political cudgel in the hands of the democrats which the most astute leaders in his own party shied away from. Twenty-three republicans vot ed for the Flood resolution, after the defeat of the Nelson amendment, VAST TONNAGE CARRIED AWAY Surface of the Country is Being Re moved at the Average Rate of About One Inch in 760 Years, So Experts Claim. Investigations by the United States geological survey of the erosions of numerous drainage basins of the na tion reveal that the surface of the country is being removed at the average rate of about an inch in 760 years. Though this amount may seem trivial when spread over the surface of the entire country it becomes stu pendous when considered as a total, or even in separate drainage basins. The Mississippi river carries an nually to the gulf of Mexico 136,000,- 000 tons of dissolved matter. Os this total the Ohio river carries 83,350,000 tons, while the Missouri river con tributes more than twice that much. The Colorado river, which, like the Mississippi, has built for itself a vast delta, brings down more suspended matter than any other river in the United States, delivering annually 387 tons for each square mile of its drain age basin, or a total of 100,740,000 tons. The rivers • of the United States, the geological survey reports show, carry to tidewater each year 270,000,- 000 tons of dissolved matter and 513,- 000,000 tons of suspended matter. This total represents more than 350,- 000,000 cubic yanjs of rock, or 610,- 000,000 cubic yards of surface soil. If this erosive action could have been concentrated on the isthmus of Pana ma, the report says, at the time of American occupation, it would have excavated the prism for an 85-foot level canal in about seventy-three days. These figures were prepared by the geological survey for use by the Na tional Irrigation congress, which meets In Chicago December 5 to 9 of this year, and which is interested in the drainage of the vast areas of the swamp lands created at the mouths of and along the near-by plains of many of the nation’s waterways, the entire area thus created and pos sible of reclamation being 80,000,000 acres. The congress, at its session this year, hopes to bring about an extension of the work of the Uni ted States reclamation service by which reclamation work might he fur thered in these lowland areas. This national development phase will he one of the more important topics be fore the December gathering, Subscribe for THE POST. while only eighteen voted against it. The vote must be taken as an evi dence that senators were influenced by the public opinion of the several states represented in casting their votes. For instance, such standpat ters as Perkins, of California, Gug genheim, of Colorado, Cullum, of Il linois, Warren, of Wyoming, and Stephenson, of Wisconsin, lined up in favor of the Flood resolution. Per sonally every one of those named is bitterly opposed, not alone to the recall of the judiciary, but even to such a popular political issue as the direct election of United States sen ators. But they voted for the Flood resolution. Whatever the inside facts may be, the fact remains that the admission of Arizona and New Mexico have been made national issues, in the event that President Taft blocks the way to their admission. The over whelming sentiment of the country has been manifested in favor of the two territories. President Taft is not blind to that sentiment. It is strongest in the middle western states and on the Pacific coast, and in everyone of the states where statehood sentiment is strongest Taft must secure deligates for his nomi nation and the electoral vote to win in November, 1912, MOTHER WANTS HER CHILDREN Mrs. Mary Messe, Wife of Swansea Miner, Claims She Was Deserted and That Children Are Illegally Held By Wenden Man. Ther* appeared in Wickenburg one evening last week, a woman, evident ly of the poorer class, who was on her way to Swansea,where, she said, lived her husband, who had kidnapped her two children. She had arranged to meet Sheriff Smith at Bouse, and with him to get possession of the girl and boy. The latter, she de clared, was old enough to help her and she needed his assistance. Those standing about the platform listened sympathetically, and when the train pulled out the incident was forgotten. However, another chapter has been pdded to the story. The woman, Ma •y Messe, arrived in Wickenburg Sunday morning in great distress. She says that J. A. Reid of Wenden had possession of the children and refused to give them up. She took the matter to court and says that at a trial in Wenden the children were awarded to her, and that she pur chased tickets for them from Wenden to Prescott, and got them on the train ready to leave for Prescott. She says tha< suddenly the boy ran to one door of the car and the girl ran to the other and in a few seconds were lost to view, having mounted two horses that had been tied near the postoffice for the flight. The mother was greatly distressed and says that she spent her last dollar In the pur suit and purchase of transportation for the children. The boy is l. r > years of age and thegirlis ten. The mother says she is sorely in need of the boy’s assistance, as she is poor and was de serted by her husband. When questioned as to how Mr. Reid happened to figure in the af fair she stated that she had put the children out to board with the Reids and paid them S2O per month for their board until the last month or so. when unable to raise the money. That the Reids became attached to Ihe chil dren and refused to give them up. She implicates several of the prom inent citizens of Wenden in the al leged kidnapping and declares that, she will sue to recover them. She says that the children were given money by Mr. Reid with which to run away as soon as they reached Prescott with their mother, in case they should fail to get away before leaving Wenden. All the people mentioned by Mrs. Messe in connection with the case are reputable citizens of Wenden, and it is quite probable that more will be heard of the case later on. Mrs. Messe suggests that any good people who might care to help her out of her difficulty and restore her children to her might address her at Prescott. —Wickenburg Miner. 320-ACRE HOMESTEADS. The enlarged homestead law per mits the entry by one person of 320 acres of government land in the arid states which is not, in the under standing of the government, suscep tible of irrigation. As under the or iginal 160-acre homestead law, this can be acquired by the settler from Uncle Sam free of cost, on compli ance with the regulations requiring a residence and cultivation. The de termination of what lands are sub ject to these double-sized homesteads devolves upon the secretary of the interior, and 3ince the passage of the act in February, 1909, 190,250,950 acres have been designated by him as subject to entry in units of 320 acres. Every month additional lands are thus designated, 90,220 acres hav ing been added to the total in Jpne. SURVEYING ROUTE TO CAPITAL CITY Positively Asserted that E. P. & S. W. Road Will Reach Phoenix at. Earliest Possible Moment —Trains to Run Over the Parker Cut-off. PHOENIX, Ariz., Aug. 10.—A party of El Paso & Southwestern survey ors under the direction of Engineer Henning, is at work between the old Pueblo and Phoenix, running a right of way for the Phelps-Dodge road into the capital of Arizona. The surveyors left Tucson several days ago with instructions to secure as quickly as possible the most feasi ble route into Phoenix and they are pressing forward as rapidly as ac curate work will allow. The party was taken from a sur vey for an extension of the old El Paso & Northeastern, now a part c! the El Paso & Southwestern, from Pelays to Las Cruces, N. M., when >h was finally determined to build at once to Phoenix. The presence of the engineering party in the field between Tucson and Phoenix sets at rest all doubt s as to when the Phelps-Dodge rcc.-i will reach this city. It can be posi tively asserted upon the highest au thority that that time will be the earliest moment possible. The man agement of the road is anxious to reach Phoenix, as this city is now considered a splendid strategical point for the fight for transcontinent al business in both the passenger and freight departments. With a termi nal in Phoenix the St. Louis and San Francisco and the Rock Island, b> using the El Paso & Southwestern as a connecting link, will, through the transfer at Phoenix to the Santa Fe via the Parker cut-off, have long haul facilities on business originating in the eastern portion of the United States. BY COL. .1. H. M’CLINTOCK. Tlie El Paso & Southwestern is coming to Phoenix and does not need any assurance of good will on the part of the people of this city, yet this good will has been officially prof fered. as well as assurances of all possible aid and assistance in secur ing rights of way and terminal facili ties. It is altogether probable that the El Paso & Southwestern is sensible in taking up one thing at a time, that it is probably a large enough job for this year to consider the extension to Tucson. The people of Phoenix are much pleased that Tucson has been included in the route, as it means not. only more intimate communication be tween the two chief cities of Arizo na, but will serve as an indication that the great Phelps-Dodge interests are looking toward participation in the benefits of the Port Lobos road. The El Paso & Southwestern is coming to Phoenix particularly for the advantage gained by communica tion here with the Santa Fe system, giving the system the alternative of handling its through business over either the Santa Fe or Southern Pa cific. The value of Phoenix connec tion can hardly be overestimated, ei ther to the Southwestern or to Phoe nix, for it will mean nothing less than the completion of a new transconti nental line comprising the Rock Is land. Southwestern and Parker cut off. REASONING IN A CIRCLE, HE SAYS Plain Farmer Believes That High Cost of Living Is Caused By Poor Roads, Great Waste and Large Profits of Middlemen. “You are reasoning in a circle, my friend, when you ought to cut cross lots.” Thus, did Sd Hawkins, a plain, un tutored,but hard-headed farmer, punc ture the labored philosophy of a high browed exponent of domestic econom ics, who had just climaxed an address to a gathering of farmers with the statement “that the cause of high prices and the high cost of living is freight rates, and the cure is a re duction in rates.” “I am only a plain farmer,” contin ued Hawkins, “but I, too. have given the high cost of living some thought, not, however, in a rocking chair in a richly furnished study, but in a lum ber wagon up to the hubs in mud. and while walking between the han dles of a plow. That is the college in which I matriculated and learnde what I know of; economics., “Before this, I, too, had formed some opinions from garnished sophis try whch I founid in books and speech es theorists and office seeking politi cians, but it was hauling half a load of hogs to market the other day over a road knee-deep in mud that made me realize there were other things than freight rates involved in the high cost of living. I had a case of eggs at my feet on one side and a tub of butter on the other, both bringing such good prices that mother —bless her dear heart, she looks better in calico than other women in silks — cautioned me against reckless driv ing. “That set me to figuring. It took me a whole day with a team and wagon to haul 1500 lbs. of hogs the ten miles I had to go. At the rate of $3.50 per day for team and driver, I easily ascertained that the wagon haul,without allowing anything for repairs or keeping of myself and team, was costing 46 cents a ton per mile. Great Heavens! that was over sixty-one times more than the aver age charge a ton per mile by the rail roads, as shown by the reports of the Interstate Commerce Commission, an yet everybody seeking to reduce the high cost of living was bitterly in veighing against railroad rates and blindly inarching behind blind leaders to that end. When roads were noi muddy, 1 hauled 2500 lbs. to a load and yet that was 28 cents a ton per mile, or over thirty-seven times more than the average charge by the rail roads. The reports of the Inter state Commerce Commission showed that the average cost by railroad was 3-4 of one cent a ton per mile. “In a pamphlet issued by the De partment of Agriculture, I read that the farmers of several states, particu larly of Pennsylvania, by the con struction of good roads had doubled their wagon loads and thereby de creased the cost of wagon transpor tation 50 per cent. That meant on poor roads a saving of 23 cents a ton per mile, and on the dry roads ba sis a saving of 14 cents a ton per mile. “When I realized that this enor mous waste applied to all the great farm crops of this great conn tiy —for every pound or ton of sur plus farm products must be moved by wagon to the cars or elevators at the railway station —I was staggered, first at the enormous waste and, sec ond, a s the stupidity of so-called eco nomic philosophy. It cost me $3.50 o haul 1500 lbs., whereas with good leads I could haul 6000 lbs. at the same cost, showing very clearly to me that on the wagon haul I had a clean waste and loss of 75 per cent. The av erage amount I would have to pay the railroad for hauling the same load the same distance is less than 6 cents. In other words, for what it cost me $3.50, the railroads do it for less than 6 cents, and the average amount the railroad charges me is actually less than 3 per cent of the amount that is wasted in the wagon haul “I got 8 1-3 cents a pound for my hogs that day,2B cents for the but ter and 25 cents a dozen for the eggs When I computed the cost of wagon haul on my hogs and ascertained that P was 2 1-3 cents a pound, and when just before going home I stopped at the meat market and paid the butche 52 cents for two pounds of the pork, which but a few hours before I had sold him for 16 2-3 cents, I easily con (Continued on Page 2.) NO. 14.