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TWO NEW STARS TO NATION’S FUG After Twenty-Year Struggle Arizona May Enter Sisterhood of States By Eliminating Recall of Judiciary in Its Constitution. The Flood-Smith resolution admit ting Arizona and New Mexico into the union, with the judiciary recall feature of the Arizona constitution eliminated to meet the objection which caused President Taft to veto the original statehood bill, was pass ed by the house Saturday without the formality of a roll call. Having been passed in the senate in the identical language the resolu tion went to the president Monday and received his approval. No at tempt was made in the house to pass the original bill which contained the judicial recall provision over the pres ident’s veto. in the presence of a large gather ing. President Taft at 3:09 Monday afternoon signed the statehood reso lution. Three pens were used. The first a gold pen with which the name “William” was written, went to Chairman Smith of the senate com mittee on territories, through whose efforts a compromise resolution was agreed to after the president had ve toed the Flood resolution and when it appeared statehood would fail, at least as to this session of congress. With the second pen,the name "How ard” was written and the pen was given to Delegate Andrews of New Mexico. “Taft” was inscribed with the third pen which then became tht property of Delegate Cameron. The joint resolution provides for Arizona’s admission with the con stitution adopted by the convention of July 20. 1910, and later ratified bj the Arizona voters, upon the funda mental condition, "that article eight of the constitution relating to the ro call of public officers shall be held and construed not to apply to judi cial officers and that the Arizona peo ple, shall give their assent to that construction.” The president is required, within thirty days after the approval of the measure, to certify the fact to the governor of Arizona, who within thir ty days thereafter must proclaim ar. election to be held between sixty anc ninety days after proclamation, to vote upon article eight and to vote for state and other officers. If a ma jority of the voters ratify the constitution to except judicial offi cers from the recall, such a construe tion will become part of the Arizona constitution. The president then will issue a proclamation and upon its is suance, Arizona will become a state. The resolution admits New Mexi- r into the union with provisions male ing it 3 constitution easier of amend ment. BUSINESS METHODS. There can be no greater mistake that a business man can make than T o he mean in business. Everybody has heard the proverb of penny wise and pound foolish. A liberal expendi ture j'i the way of business is always sure to be a capital investment. There are »» oj It in the world who are short sigh tea enough to believe that theii interest can be be3t promoted by graspa-g and clinging to all they can get. and never letting a cent slip lb rough their fingers. As a general >hing, it will be found, other things being equal, that he who is most lib i rtJ is most successful in business. Os course we do not mean it to be inferred that a man should be prodi gai in his expenditures; but that he should show his customers, if he is a tiader, or those with whom he may be doing any kind of business, that in all hi a business transactions as well as social relations, he acknowledge: the everlasting fact that there can b r.o permanent prosperity or good feel ing in a community where benefits are not reciprocal.—Good Business. TO EXTEND RIVER DYKE. The work of extending the big Colo rado river dyke from a point opposite Needles to Topock will be under way by the 15th of September, The Cotton Land company is getting things in shape for the resumption of w r ork and expect to have several hundred teams employed. By the building of the dam to Topock the company will be able to tiring under cultivation many thou sand acres of river bottom lands. .1. L. Gray, who is operating min ing property in Black Metal basin, was in town the past week purchas ing supplies. THE PARKER POST INDIAN TERRITORY. According to a recent ruling of the Indian department Parker townsite is still considered Indian country. Su perintendent O. L. Babcock of the Colorado River agency has just re ceived a letter from the Indian office, bearing date of August 18, calling attention to a ruling made on March 8, in which the townsite of Parker was held to be under the jurisdiction of the department and the local In dian agent. According to this decis ion it is unlawful to bring liquor into Parker, or to have it in one’s pos session. Mr. Babcock stated that he will enforce this ruling of the depart ment. Heretofore it has been the general opinion that the department had noth ing whatever to do with the question. Last year the county board of super visors granted a license for the sale of liquor here, after being ad vised that Parker was not Indian ter ritory. Later its sale was prohibited by the holding of a local option elec tion. The townsite plat was officially filed with the county recorder some months ago, and it was generally supposed that by such act the gov ernment formally relinquished con trol over the town. The matter will probably have to be tested out in the courts before it is definitely known just where we’re at. SUPERVISORS FIX TAX RATE FOR ’ll Yuma County Taxpayers Must Pay $3.49 on Each SIOO of Assessed Val uation. Territorial Tax Fixed at 65 Cents; Road Tax, 25 Cents. The board of supervisors of Yu ma county met Monday as a board of equalization, and with the co-opera tion of County Treasurer George Mi chelson and School Superintendent Wessel, the tax rate and apportion ment for the ensuing year was made as follows: Territorial bond interest fund, 11; territorial tax, 65; territorial road tax, 25; general fund, 10; school fund, 71; courthouse bonds, 7; total county tax, $2.59; total for territory and county, $3.49; county tax last year, $2.56; total county and territo rial tax last year, $3.51. The above shows a reduction from last year of 2 cents. Attorney Thomas D. Mallory and Robert L. Morton appeared before the board, and represented their claim, backed up by Yuma maps, that the Southern Pacific railway company was getting off too light. The board being later advised by Acting Dis trict Attorney Baxter that it could add the property to the rolls, it was accordingly done. Yuma city lots embraced therein were put in at a 1 valuation of $13,872. Territorial Tax Rate. At its meeting Saturday the terri torial board of equalization fixed the tax rate for territorial purposes at sixty-five cents on each SIOO of as sessed valuation, which is five cents lower than last year and twenty cents lower than the previous year. The percentage of decrease is about four teen per cent and the percentage of increase in taxable wealth is the same. The board placed a valuation of $35.77 per acre on all patented non producing mineral lands in the ter ritory. The valuation of this class of land as returned by the assessors of many of the counties was much high er, sometimes as high as SB,OOO an acre, and was lower in but one coun ty, Cochise, where it was assessed at $6.50 per acre. Equalizing the valu ations of all this land at $35.77 per | acre increased the taxable wealth of I the territory $241,405.62 and in-j creased the taxable wealth of Cochise j county $533,158.21. * STRIKE AT CALZONA MINE. An important strike is reported to have been made last week at the property of the Calzona Mines com pany, in the Riverside mountains. It is said that a seven-foot ore body was encountered in the shaft and that the values are very high. Superin tendent Fred Bowler went to Los! Angeles Thursday of last week to j consult with General Manager A. W. I Martin, and The Post was unable to get the particulars of the new find. Makes your feet glad, Liquid-ese, 25c. CITY DRUG STORE. PARKER, YUMA COUNTY, ARIZONA. SATURDAY. AUGUST 26. 1911. WENDEN, QUEEN OF THE DESERT, TO SOON BLOSSOM AS THE ROSE Surrounded by Vast Area of Farming Lands Sufficient to Suppurt an Empire When Un der Cultivation—Mining Resources. From the cool shaded banks of the Hassayampa to the Colorado river there is not a town whose inhabi tants are so enthusiastic and hope ful of the future as the people of Wenden. More than five years of continuous effort on the part of the settlers to obtain title to their hold ings culminated on June 19, when Judge DeVane, who is trustee for Wenden townsite, issued unto the oe epants thereof a good and valid deed to their olts, which settles for all time the question of title to Wenden real-estate. In accordance with said townsite act all of the unclaimed and unoccu pied lots will be sold at public auc tion to the highest bidder from time to time as the trustee may so order, the proceeds from which shall con stitute a town fund that may be used for any sort of public improvement the townspeople may agree upon. A city water-works and electric lighting plant is now the talk of the town, and deep boring to determine the possibility of artesian water will begin as soon as the necessary ar rangements can be made. In the course of townsite adjust ment the public school has been pro vided f or by having deeded to it twenty-eight choice lots, which, under proper management, should place the schools of Wenden on “Easy street” in the matter of finances, and their reputation for having the best schools in the land will, no doubt, be main tained. Wenden school district, No. 19, stands next to Yuma city in the mat ter of children of school age, the last census showing 84. which is sec ond best in Yuma county. It is but fail- to state, however, that a consid erable area of farming and mining population is now included in Wen den school district. The general complaint that mine development work is making slow progress throughout the territory would hardly apply to Wenden dis trict at the present time, as the pros pects have never been so promising as they now are, there being several mining companies which will begin work as soon as the heat of the sum mer has passed. All along the Harcuvar mountains, from the Glorioso mine to Camp Bul lock, new “strikes” are frequently re-1 ported and properties are changing hands, there being scarcely a dayi that some transfer of mining property is not reported at Wenden. At the south and east from Wenden in the Harquahala mountains, mining activity is less noticeable than in the: district just mentioned. There are, j however, certain negotiations under j MAY BUILD SMELTER. It is announced with a probability expected to mature into full assurance within a fortnight, that the American Smelting and Refining company will enter the Arizona mining field by the erection of a huge custom smelting plant at Hayden. The enterprise in volves the taking over and completing alter its own ideas, of the smelting plant the Ray Consolidated Mines company has been engaged in build ing until three months ago, when the work w r as suspended pending ne gotiations to the end described, fol lowing a proposition made to the Ray people by the American Smelting and Refining company. The largest pat ron of the proposed smelter will of course be the Ray Consolidated com pany but the plant will be a custom smelter and as its business grows its influence and patronage may become iar reaching. THREATEN TO CUT WAGES. According to a press dispatch print ed in Wednesday’s Los Angeles Ex aminer the railroads of the country are to make a general cut in the wa ges of employes because of the ac tion of the interstate commerce com mission against a raise in freight rates. It is alleged that President Taft agreed to the advance of rates prior to the last increase in wages, and the fight to be made by the rail roads is in retaliation against the ruling of the interstate commerce commission. way that will soon place that worthy district in the limelight again. “Shorty” Alger, of Glory-hole fame, is now prospecting in the vi cinity of Big Harquahala mountain, a few miles east of Wenden, and as that interesting little prospector is cred ited with having a sort of intuition that directs his footsteps treasure wards, it is but natural to anticipate for him a “strike” that would make the famous old Glory-hole seem like fifteen cents. And in the meantime the thousands of acres of rich fertile lands in the. vicinity of Wenden are being settled upon by homesteaders who are clear ing and cultivating their lands and erecting good substantial improve ments thereon. They have experi ments constantly under way to deter mine the proper method of dry farm ing, that which is best suited to lo cal conditions, and results are ex ceeding expectations in nearly all cases. Surrounded as it is by a vast area of rich farming lands, sufficient to support an empire when fairly under cultivation, and mining possibilities directly tributary to Wenden, would suggest a mining and commercial cen ter at this place which is practically assured. Regular shipments of ore are be ing made from the Edna-may and other mines, and the shipping facili ties at Wenden are declared to ibe of the best, and why not? It could not well be otherwise for the Arizona & California railroad, better known as the Parker cut-off, is under the di rect management of that grand old veteran railroad builder and operator, W. A. Drake, who is noted for doing things just right, no more, no less. The well-kept stores and business houses of Wenden would denote thrift and prosperity. Anything from a mine hoist to a bottle of soda may be found there, and the constantly in creasing demand for mine machinery, farm implements, etc., would account in a measure for so large and varied assortment of merchandise. Wenden is beautiflly situated, near the center of Culling valley, with an altitude of 1780 feet. The cliimate is mild and healthful,seldom too hot and never too cold, and the atmosphere is of that, rare quality often termed "the wine of life,” and they do say there is nothing equal to it under the sun; albeit the inhabitants for get their former ailments and infirm ities and cease to grow old, the mat ter of living becomes a sort of habit, therefore they live and live and con tinue to live just for the fun of being alive. M. M. BRIGdtS. NEW SERVICE HIGHWAY. A new macadamized highway is being constructed along the Grand Canyon of Arizona, for six and one half miles from what is known as Sunset Point, to a connection with the El Tovar hotel, and other points cf interest along the rim. The road is being built at a cost of $.‘10,000, and when completed, will stand as the most wonderful scenic highway in the world. At present one can travel along the rim of the canyon going west for but two and a half miles; with the addi tional six miles of new road the drive will be a little less than ten miles. At the west end of the highway a magnificent stone structure will be erected as a “rest house;” a large collection of curios, paintings and ('holographs of the canyon will be a. i lable. LARGE CASH PAYMENT. A payment, which is undoubtedly the largest cash payment ever made in a single lump for mining property in the Miami mining district, was made in New York last Wednesday, when the Live Oak Development com pany paid $400,000 for its property near Miami. The property consists of eleven mining claims, says the Daily Silver Belt, and has been under development work for over two years by the pur chasing company. This final settle ment makes a total of about $500,- 000 which has been paid for the claims. WORK TO START SOON. Superintendent O. L. Babcock spent several days in Los Angeles the past week, returning home Thursday morn ing. Mr. Babcock stated yesterday that the machinery for the pumping plant will be on the ground within the next ninety days. Engineer C. A. Engle, who has been appointed by the government to superintend the construction of the irrigation works for the Indians, will arrive in Par ker sometime next week. After Mr. Engle’s arrival the exact date of com mencing the work will be known. However, as the engineer in charge of the work expects to remain here until the job shall have been complet ed it. is expected that the ditch work will he begun soon after September 1. HOTEL IMPROVEMENTS. A. S. Prescott, manager of the Parker Commercial company, is mak ing extensive improvements at the mined and the floors are receiving a Manitaba hotel. The walls of all the rooms in the hotel are being ealci coat of paint. New rugs will be laid and the furniture eelaned up and varnished. A door is to be cut from the hallway into one of the front rooms and a cozy office will be fixed up for the convenience of guest 3. Manager Prescott is sparing no ex pense in making the Manitaba first class throughout. DRY FARMS WILL GROW PEANUTS Writer Declares Peanut to Be Best Drouth Resisting Plant Known— Profitable for Cattle and Mule Feed and Good Hog Fattener. Arizonians have been wondering, since the publication of an article by the El Paso Herald which stated that peanuts can be profitably raised in the dry farming sections of Arizona, whether or not the southwest will some day be known as the center of the peanut industry. The value of the nuts as feed for mules and cattle, as well as their pop ularity as a pocket delicacy, found in the possession of every schoolboy, and at times in the pockets of the most dignified citizens, might be expected to make peanuts one of the most prof itable crops raised in this part of the country. Whether the broad acreages now devoted to alfalfa are to be de voted to peanut, culture in the dim and indeterminate future is something which can only be speculated upon at this time. In the words of the well informed writer of the El Paso daily: “The peanut, according to a recent writer, is one of the best drouth re sisting plants known. In the dryest year (1910) for a generation the plant thrived in the southwest almost ev ery place it was tried. Five or six weeks of severe drouth in the sum mer failed to kill the plant; even though it wilted every day it fresh ened up nights, and stockmen got 500 to 1,000 pounds of hog meat for each acre of peanuts they pastured. “It is declared that the Spanish peanut will grow on any farm with sandy soil in the dry farming sections of Texas, New Mexico, or Arizona. Bulletin No. 356 of the United States department of agriculture shows as particularly adapted to the raising of peanuts eastern New Mexico and the state of Texas. Peanuts thrive best on soil rich in lime, and enrich the soil in the same manner as alfalfa and cowpeas. The department of ag riculture estimates a fair average crop at 50 bushels of nuts and one ton of hay per acre, making an average net return to the farmer of S3O per acre. A ROOSTER’S ADVICE. A duck which stuck faithfully lo business during the summer and laid several dozen of large fawn-colored eggs complained that she was not appreciated. “See that hen over there,” said the duck; “she hasn’t laid as many eggs as I have, nor as big, but. she has books written about her and verses composed in her hon or, while nobody is saying a word abou‘ me.’’ “The trouble with you i 3” said the wise rooster that was standing near, “that you don’t tell the public what you have done. You lay an egg and wadd'e off without saying a word, but that sister of mine never lays one without letting everyone in the neighborhood know about it. If you want to cut any ice in this communi ty, you must learn to advertise.” RIVER TO YIELD UP ITS HIDDEN RICHES | Gravel of Picturesque Colorado Gorge to Be Compelled to Yield Up Its Long Concealed Wealth of Yellw Metal. I Endeavors are at last being made to compel the Grand Canyon of the Colorado to give up the gold w r hich has been washed into its bed for cen turies. Several concerns are prepar ing to conduct operations on a large scale to overcame obstacles and to get to these riches. It has long been knowm that there was much gold in the bed of the Colo rado canyon. Explorers who have been in various parts of the great abyss have reported deposits of grav el and black sand that apparently ran to great depths and that promised good values, although well distributed in the sand and gravel. Attempts have been made to interest capital in plans to get out this wealth, but here tofore there has been no success be cause propositions easier to get at and Involving smaller expenditures of money and risk have attracted most of the capital available. In recent years, however, several syndicates have been formed to gel out the gold. One, backed by eastern capital, has been at w r ork for some time at Lees Ferry. This is a deso late place, far from any railway, but it has offered the best opportunity so such work, being at. the point where the river run 3 out of these sandhills, after cutting through. them for hun dreds of miles, and running for a few miles at about a level before dipping into the marble canyon. Dredges have been installed here after being hauled far over the des ert. Black sand impregnated with gold and platinum and gravel having small nuggets of gold in it have been found here, and the enterprise prom ises to .be highly profitable. This sand and gravel run to a depth of from thir ty to sixty feet before bedrock is touched, and the dredges can take it out in great quantities. Above this point in Utah where the cliffs are not high, similar opera tions have been put under way. Here it is said that the conditions are sim ilar to those found at Lees Ferry, ex cept there are evidences of even rich er values. Parties have gone out in to the wild regions between these two points to explore for places where the river can be reached. Reports have been received that wherever the prospects can be made conditions are found to be favorable. Nature, how ever, has provided huge battlements to defend these riches, and there is doubt whether many of the deposits can be exploited profitably. EXCHANGE RAILWAYS. Announcement was made Saturday of the practical conclusion of a casual inter-railroad bargain whereby $lO,- 000,000 worth of main line track on two of the largest systems in the world changes hands with less circum stance thereto attaching than hap pens when schoolboys swop jack knives. This follows the attempt of the Santa Pe to purchase the line outright. It happens that the Southern Pacific owns a good stretch of main line track from Mojave to Needles, a distance of 242 miles. The Espee doesn’t have any particualr use for this track and leases it to the Santa Fe. The Santa Fe owns a fine stretch of railroad from Nogales to Guaymas. in New Mexico, 263 miles long, which it doesn’t use, but which the Espee leases, the two leases extending for 99 years. President Lovett and President Rip ley recently agreed to swop these lines, and now the lawyers, engineers and auditors have struggled through with their part of the programme and the papers were all ready for signature Saturday. A conservative estimate of the value of either of the two stretches of railroad, traded as two boys swop jack-knives, is $10,000,000. ARIZONA LEADS. Receipts from internal revenue, as shown by the report of the commis sion, show Arizona far ahead of New Mexico in this respect, in fact, more than double. In Arizona these re ceipts total $123,796, while in New Mexico they were but $54,592. In the payment of corporation taxes Ari zona will also be found far ahead of New Mexico when the figures are given out. No. 16.