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RICH RESOURCES OF ARIZONA “STRIP” Miss Sharlot Hall Returns From Trip to Extreme Northern Portion of Arizona Country Said to Pos sess Great Undeveloped Wealth. ■ I Miss Sharlot Hall, Arizona’s His torian, has just returned from a sum mer spent in traveling with a wagon j over that little-known corner of Ari- j zona lying north of the Colorado river and known to our northern neighbors as “the Arizona strip.’ This is the territory which Utah has long coveted and which she has tried to obtain through action of congress for some years past. The average Arizonan has known so little about this part of the state that the one reason generally held for not giving it to Utah free gratis was that we should thereby lose one wall of the Grand Canyon of the Colorado river, which now lies wholly within Arizona. Beyond this bit of sentiment few people have had any idea that there were a multitude of reasons why we could no more afford to give up this country than a min ing company could afford to give away its richest undeveloped ground. This part of Arizona does not look very big on the map but it is in truth big enough to make a state or two. as eastern states go, and its business possibilities are as varied as the face of the country it3elf—and no part of Arizona presents greater contrasts in scenery, altitude, and general con ditions. When the “good road 3” movement crosses the Grand Canyon it will be seen that this neglected and unknown region can pay “its way” as well as any part of the state. At present the lack of roads, trails, and safe terrier prevents the sort of exploration that would lead to active development; but once the great river is crossed there is no part of the country over which roads might not be made at reasonable cost and without seriour. engineering difficulties. Miss Hall crossed the Little Colo i rado, which was then a half mile wide, with the water reaching the wagon bed in places and two mountei men pulling with ropes on the wagoi: tongue to keep the outfit moving j over the quicksand, but in a few • months a safe crossing may be made over the new bridge. Between the Little Colorado and Lee’s ferry on the Big Colorado lie. i the most wonderful and beautiful pare of the Painted Desert, a region which already draws tourists from the 01 World, and which will, a3 it become, better known, be regarded as of equal importance with the great canyon it self. The development of mineral in this region is sure to come with fuller exploration; beds of sodas of unknown extent exist and flour gold in paying values has been found over almost the whole area. Then too, the petrified forests continue the whole distance into southern Utah and are very slightly explored. This region has some fine prehis toric remains, buildings and picto graphs, but little known, and some picturesque groups of settlement. made by the Mormon immigrants but now included in the Navajo Indiar reservation. It was a custom of ther.e people to plant good orchards and vineyards a3 soon as they found foot ing in a new' place and they have lef. behind old fruit trees and huge vine: whose loads of fruit prove what might be done at fruit farming in the shel tered spots where water is obtains ble. The region beyond the Colorado riv er hac been known to the Morinoi. people for half a century and wa. thoroughly explored under the di rection of the church while the vs. of Arizona was scarcely settled om side of Tucson. Old stone forts still 3tand that were built in the days o the war with the Navajos, and ranch es may be seen that were established at the time cotton was grown on the Virgin river. The Kaibab forest, covering the higher portion of this great plateau, is one of the finest in Arizona and will yield some three and a half billion feet of lumber ready for im mediate cutting. It is expected that this body of timber will in a few years bring in the railroad for which thl3 region has waited so long. Ac present one small saw mill cuts lum ber to meet the local demand, being situated at Jacob’s Lake in a fine body of yellow pine timber. Miss Hall spent several days at the town of Fredonia, which is the THE PARKER POST most northerly town, though not the most northerly settlement, in Arizona. She found it a prosperous little place settled chiefly by families from Utah who farm the lands in the vicinity and have stock in the mountains. Like most of these towns the wide streets shaded with a great variety of trees, the cleanliness, and the general air of permanent home-mak ing gave a real charm to the place. Coconino and Mohave counties now divide the “Arizona Strip” between them but because of the intensely rug ged country near the Grand Canyon through which no permanent roads have been made, Mi3s Hall was obliged to turn south westward into southern Utah to find roads that would permit the exploration of the Mohave county side. Since the days of Major Powell and the first geological surveys this region ha 3 excited the wonder and admiration of the few people, chiefly government engineers, who have seen it. It contains another fine forest, the Mt. Trumbull reserve, and a vol canic area equal to the section east and north of Flagstaff which has held the interest of travelers and student alike, since its discovery. Thi3 is an ideal dry farming region and the state of Utah has had such a keen appreciation of its value and possibilities that it has been overlook ed by competent persons and some in tending settlers have their lands al ready selected, pending the sale of state lands in the future. Miss Hall brought back specimens of as fine corn as one would wish to see grown on new land under the dry farming methods. All grains of a temperate climate do well and alfalfa is grown on all the older ranches. Much of this region, and of the ad joining part of Arizona, has an alti tude of about 3,500 feet and a climate not colder than that of Wickenburg. Figs, pomgranates, peaches, pears, apples, and all fruits of the season were displayed in lavish profusion and of finest color, size, and flavor, while the Flaming Tokay and other grapes were of remarkable size and perfection—having taken first prize,; both on the Pacific coast and in the east. Whenever a railroad is completed into thi3 section Arizona will have i new fruit belt that will be a worthy rival of the Salt River and Verde val leys. The land has only remained unsettled because of its remotenes' from market and supplies, and it i extenive enough to give northern Ari zona a goodly population in the fu ture. The finest of these valleys will be tributary to the railroad now under consideration from Lund on the Salt Lake line to the Kaibab for est, and they will Insure traffic for such a road long after the lumbering has ceased to be of first importance. Particularly in the tremendously wild and rugged mountain region along the northern rim, where many canyons are still unexplored mines of importance are sure to be devel oped in the future. Indications of cop per have been found in many place: where lack of transportation facili ties forbade development, and what is probably the highest grade copper mine in Arizona, the Grand Gulch property in Mohave county 95 miles south of St. George, has been worked for many years and still has on its dumps all ore under thirty per cent, the distance to smelter being too great for profitable working of ore that elsewhere would contain a for tune. A good deal of placer gold mining has been done along the Colorado riv er and the great canyons and sand washes leading down into it, and fu ture discoveries of rich diggings seem a reasonable expectation for prospect ing has always been and still is dif ficult because of the much-broken character of the country and only bet ter roads will make it really known. Rather an interesting evidence of it 3 present remoteness is the fact that after leaving Flagstaff, Miss Hall did not find a place where she could buy a newspaper or a periodical of any sort until she reached the town of Chloride some twenty miles north of Kingman. All the mall lines go in from some point in Utah or Nevada and the service is so 3low that she received mail but once in nine weeks, it being impossible to direct the for warding of mail from Phoenix quick ly enough to catch the few postoffi ces on the route. —Republican. Eight or nine women, assembled at luncheon,were discussing ailments an< operations as eight or nine, one or two, or sixty or seventy women will. The talk ran through angina pecto ris, torpid liver, tuberculosis, and kindred happy topics. “I thought,” commented the guest of honor, 1 “that I had been invited to a luncheon, and not to an organ recital.” PARKER, YUMA COUNTY, ARIZONA. SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1911. DEMOCRATIC AND REPUBLICAN DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES DEMOCRATIC STATE PLATFORM. We, the democratic party of Ari zona, in party council assembled, hereby declare: We reassert our allegiance to the fundamental principles of true democ racy, and we reaffirm our support of the democratic national platform of 1908 and the principles and policies therein contained. We pledge our allegiance to the Arizona constitution as ratified by the people of Arizona. We denounce the action of Presi dent Taft in dictating to a people the laws under which they should live and compelling Arizona to eliminate the recall of the judiciary from the constitution. We denounce the unrepresentative course of Delegate Cameron in aiding and abetting the enemies of Arizona and the Arizona constitution; his mis representation of the wishes of th people of Arizona, and his action In bringing about the disfranchisement by the enabling act of one-fourth o the voters in the first state election. We denounce the action of the standpat element which have been and are now in control of the republican party of Arizona for their continued and determined opposition to the pro gressive ideas incorporated in the Arizona constitution. We heartily commend the states manlike course of the national demo cratic party in congress on the is sues of the day and particularly on the gallant fight they made for Ari zona. Forced by the coercion of Presi dent Taft we are obliged reluctantly to submit to the temporary elimina tion of the recall of the judiciary from the constitution on December 12, by voting for the amendment pre sented by congress; but we pledge our candidates for the legislature that a3 their earliest possible act they shall pass au amendment re storing the recall of the judiciary to the constitution and submit thi3 con stitution to the people at the earth ~ possible time. We pledge the su port of the democratic party for this amendment. We pledge our candidates for the legislature to enact measures pre scribed by the constitution according to the spirit of the constitution. We pledge our candidates to the legislature to observe the advisory vote for United States senators. We pledge our candidates for the legislature to ratify the income tax amendment to the constitution of the United States, now before the states for ratification. We pledge our candidates for the United States senate and for con gress to vote for a constitutional amendment providing for the direct election of United States senators. We declare for a state-wide direct primary election of delegates to the national party convention, at which primary election the voters may ex press their choice of presidential nom inees. We further declare for the election of president by direct pop ular vote. We pledge our candidates for the United States senate and for congress to do their utmost to obtain relief for the irrigated sections of Arizona on the payment due under the reclama tion act. We also favor the appli cation of the Carey act to encourage irrigation enterprise. We denounce the attempt of the republican party of Arizona to stig matize the democratic party as dema gogic. We unqualifiedly declare against any special privileges to individual or corporation, but we favor encouraging the investment of capital In Arizona and the proper protection of all legitimate enterprises. We pledge the constant efforts of the democratic party toward the full protection of the rights of labor. We are In favor of our public school system on the highest possi ble basis of efficiency. We declare for good roads and a national highway. We promise hon esty, efficiency and economy in the administration by democrats of pub lic affairs. The democratic party has kept faith with the people of Arizona. It will continue to keep faith. Pledging our candidates to the foregoing declara tion of the principles, we ask the sup port of all loyal Arizonians. For Rent —Furnished house, close in, water in house. R. C. Saufley. REPUBLICAN STATE PLATFORM. The republican party of Arizona by its regularly elected party council, proud of its superb record in the his tory of the United States as the champion of human rights and those progressive ideas which have made the nation great and wealthy and its people prosperous, hereby adopts and promulgates this platform. We commend the administration of our president, William H. Taft, for the powerful aid and influence given by it in furthering enactment of the enabling act under which Arizona is about to enter the sisterhood of states; for the progressive principles that administration has advanced; for, its advocacy of the principles of international peace; and for its cour ageous attitude and impartial execu tion of the law 3in prosecution of trusts. We commend our delegate in con gress, 'Honorable Ralph H. Cameron for the eminently successful result of his effort to make good the platform on which he was elected to secure statehood for Arizona. We commend and approve the ad ministration of our governor, Richard E. Sloan, for its record of efficiency in management of public affairs; its putting upon the tax roll a great in crease of taxable property amounting to thirteen million of dollars during the past year and its reduction in the territorial tax rate. During ten years republican ad ministrations have reduced the terri torial tax rate from $1.17 to $0.65. We pledge the best efforts of our candidates for United States senator and congressman towards securing national legislation which will reduce the extravagantly large areas involv ed in the Indian reservations and forest reserves, throwing open to sale and lease large bodies of coal and timber lands of great value and per mitting the state to make therein se lections of lieu land 3 instead of those inferior land 3 now held or to be ac quired by Arizona under the enabling act for the benefit of the school and other educational funds of the new state;and we pledge the legislature to provide a land commission to be ap pointed by the governor and approved by the senate, to make selections of all land 3 coming to Arizona under the enabling act. We pledge the efforts of our sena tors and congressman towards secur ing national legislation to extend the work of building additional reservoirs in Arizona wherever necessary and granting extension of time for pay ment under the reclamation act; and we favor further measures for utiliza tion of the flood waters of the Colo rado, Little Colorado, Gila and other streams as a means of reclamation of other Arizona lands contiguous thereto. The advancement and development of Arizona depends upon the expan sion and growth of her great cattle, wool, mine, lumber and citrus fruit industries and we demand of and pledge our senators and representa tives in congress to work to secure for those industries the same meas ure of protection that i 3 given the manufacturing industries of the east and we stand for such progressive, sound and intelligent statesmanship as will meet the needs of the coun try in a just revision of the tariff tc the end that the cost of living may be reduced without subjecting the Amer ican wage earner to the competiiton of cheap foreign labor and that Ameri can enterprise and industry shall not be stifled. We approve the aims and objects of the bureau of mines and the Unit ed States geological survey in the ef forts of the first to improve the con ditions under which miners work and the second in developing and unfold ing the mineral resources of the country. And to further the devel opment of the mineral industries of Arizona, we advocate revision and amplification of existing antiquated mining laws in order to protect bet ter the prospector in acquisition ofj mining titles and the legitimate in- 1 vestor in the development of mining properties. We pledge our candidates for the state senate and house of representa tives, if elected, to the enactment of, such legislation as will meet the fol lowing declarations: We advocate liberal exemption laws and that heads of families shall be exempted by law from taxation on property to the extent of S2OO. We favor free text book 3 in the public schools. We advocate revision of the re venue laws for the new state in abolition of the present unjust ob selete and burdensome system of col lection of delinquent taxes in semi annual installments with a reason able penalty for delinquencies which shall be diverted from the tax at torney and tax collector to the pub lic treasury. We pledge liberal legislation for construction of a good road system for Arizona, in order that the farm er may. get his product to market with the greatest possible ease and facility, and the miner and other in dustrial operators may enjoy the best possible facilities for moving machine ery, supplies and ore 3. We declare in favor of legislation which shall insure lessees of school lands the preferential. right to pur chase such lands when they 3hall be sold according to law. To complete Arizona’s system of direct nominations we advocate the election of delegates to national con ventions at popular primaries and an advisory vote for presidential nom inations that the delegates may be instructed directly by their respec tive parties a3 to the popular choh> for presidential and vice-presidential nominees. The public school is the bulwark of our civilization. We favor a pro M gres3ive policy of extension and im provement of the system and pledge a liberal support to all measures looking to that end. We pledge all of our candidates to the senate and house of represen tatives to abide by the advisory vote of the people for candidates to the United States senate, as expressed by the electors at the polls. We pledge such legislation looking to the fixing of responsibility for wages due from corporations to their employes a3 shall obviate the loss of pay to the wage earner. We favor the passage of a law requiring that in letting contractr for all public printing for the s~ate counties and cities thereof, they shall be let only to bidders whose print ing plants pay taxes in Arizona and who pay wages to Arizona printers. We favor the enactment of a fair and just compulsory arbitration law to adjust all differences arising be tween labor and. public utilities cor porations, associations or concerns. The constitution of Arizona adopt ed by the people is the fundamental law of the state. and we pledge a faithful adherence to Its provisions but in order to attain statehood now, under the conditions of the „ Flood- Smith act, we advocate elimination from the constitution at the coming election of the recall, as applied to the Judiciary; and we pledge that the first legislature of the state of Arizona will provide for submission to the people at the earliest possible moment as an amendment to the constitution the question of the re call of the judiciary. Business success depends upon ability, character and integrity and the republican party believing that the affairs of the new state of Ari zona should be In the most capable hands presents a ticket consisting of men eminently qualified to ad minister the affairs of the new gov ernment actively, honestly, econom ically and efficiently; and we pledge our candidates if elected to safeguard the interests of the people and the tax payers and at the same time pur sue such a broad and liberal policy in the matter of public improvements as will be consistent with a low tax rate. SCHOOL REPORT. Report of school for month ending November 3. Enrollment, thirty. Average daily attendance, twenty-seven. Percentage of attendance on average number be longing, ninety-eight. The following have neither been absent nor tardy for the past two months: Raymelle Bezzo, Elizabeth Babcock, Nettie Estes, Effie Estes, Spencer Graves, Hibene Glrodon, Et na O’Connor, Dan O’Connor, Raymond O’Connor, Ethel Price, Beulah Ry der, Leonard Rogers, Irvin Roberts, Bernard Roberts, Olive Ruggles, Lu cy Turk, Paul Turk, Henry Turk. New pupil s entered during the month; Wallace King, Walter King, Alfred Preston. Visitors; Vera Bezzo, Geo. Ml chaelson, John Roberts, Geo. B. Hil ton, Clara Roberts, Mrs. J. C. Gibson, Mr 3. J. M. Hensley.- Two little girl 3 were arrested in Santa Anna for fighting in the street. The winner of the bout, when placed upon the stand, gave as her excuse, “I told her to stop her- cussing and come out in the alley and fight it out like a lady. I’m a suffragette.” DISCHARGES OF THE COLORADO Enormous Loads of Sediments and Dissolved Chemicals lmportance of Water Investigations by United States Geological Survey. The Colorado river discharges dur ing an average year into the Gulf of California 388,000,000 tons of mud and silt as suspended matter. In ad diiton to this the dissolved substan ces in the water include 4, 550,000 tons of sodium chloride, or common salt; 3,740,000 tons of Glauber’s salts; 4,000,000 tons of lime; 2,400,000 tons of gypsum; and 4,800,000 tons of Ep som salts. In spite of all this dis solved material the Colorado at its mouth is not considered to be a stream of unusually high mineraliza tion for that region of the country. The reason is that the river also car ries so enormoue an amount of wa ter that the dissolved salt 3 constitute a comparatively small proportion of the total discharge. Other streams in the country contain dissolved salt 3 in greater concentration—for exam ple, the Elm Fork of Red river, in Oklahoma, discharges nearly 1,300,- 000 tons of common salt annually. Al though this amount Is not so great as that discharged by the Colorado it . is much greater in proportion to the size of the area drained. The dis charge of salt from the Colorado 13 equal to 20 tons annually to each square mile drained by the river, but the 3alt in Elm Fork of Red river is equal to 1,680 tons per square mile of area drained. The same river dis charges annually 177,000 tons, of mag nesium chloride, 168,000 tons of Ep som salt 3, 690,000. tons of . gypsum, and 54,000 tons of lime. These quan tities, too, are considerably greater than those carried in the Colorado in proportion to the size of the drain age area. The foregoing are. a few of the fig ures of incidental interest presented by Water-Supply Paper 274 of the United States Geological. Survey, en titled ‘‘Some stream waters of the western United States.” The- work reported by this volume is, however, of higher practical importance than the above statement would indicate. It is the result of an Investigation of the quality of western stream. waters made for.the purpose of determining their availability for U3e for irriga tion and other.purposes. For a water supply system the quality of the wa ter available determines its useful ness quite as much a3 the quantity. Some waters contain ingredients that make it Impossible to use them for irrigation unless certain precautions are taken in applying them to the land and in draining them off. Cer tain ingredients in water make it un available or destructive if used in boilers and the quality of water used in a manufacturing plant may .. very largely determine the quality of the product of manufacture. The report just published therefore cannot fall to be of material value to the manu facturing and agricultural interests of the west; and the proper considera tion of the information that it con tains will prevent many costly mis takes in connection with the indus trial development of that part of the country. A copy of this report may be ob tained free on application to the di rector of the United States Geologi cal Survey, Washington, D. C. ... A pupil had been naughty all day, and the teacher sent him a note or dering him to stay after school. The boy wrote an answer on his slate say ing: “Dere teacher: Except the oner with pleasure. Always keep mi en gagements with the ladies. Will be at the tristing place at four p. m.’’ McCracken to resume. * • - The supervisors of Mohave counts have granted to the Aracy Engineer ing company a franchise to transmit electricity from a point on the Colo rado river to various places in the vi cinity of Kirfgman, especially to the McCracken mines. An Immense plant, capable of generating many thou sands of horse-power is to be built on the Colorado. With this cheap pow er the old McCracken mine, one of the greatest low grade properties in the southwest, will be revived and made an immense producer of gold, silver and lead. The cheap power will contribute largely to the success ful operation of many of the low grade properties in.the San Francisco district and make it possible to. pump water for milling purposes from the river. No. 28.