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150,000 ACRES RICH FARMING LANDS PARKER GREAT MINING CENTER MANY GOLD AND COPPER PROP ERTIES OF MERIT. High Price of Metals Presages Much Activity Here Coming Fall and Winter. Parkier is the center of the great est mineralized section of Arizona, and that portion of San Bernardino and Riverside counties, California, lM>rdering (the Colorado river. For twenty-five miles in every direction from Parker there are evidences 'that Mother Nature has been extremely lavish ir her deposition of the prec ious metals, as well as the baser me tals. much as copper, zinc, lead, etc. The present high prices of the metals, notably copper, assures great er activity in the mining industry in this section than ever before in the history of the various districts sur rounding Parker. Usually the sum mer season ; s devoid of much activ ity in mining in the desert, but al ready representatives of great min ing coi poraticmis are scouring the country seeking desirable prospects for development, and Those who own partly developed mines are planning extensive operations for this coining fall. Tire rejuvenation of Swansea, the bigges* copper camp in this part, of Yuan a county, has tended to inspire confidence among claim owners, who are now in a position to work their properties and ship to the Swansea smelter. Both mine and smelter wit 1 he running full capacity within a short time, and. this will mean the starting up of a number of properties in this section. Across the river, the Steece Copper company, tin the Riverside mountains the Horn mines, the L>. & W., and various other properties have dev cl oped laige bodies of ore. The com ing fall will witness considerable work in the districts in which the":'? mint;, are located. Up tli? river an tihe California side, there are at present two mills in pro cess of construction im the Copper Basin ami Whipple Wash districts. Numerous prospects will thereby be enabled to resume operations, having reduction mills located in their very midst. The Whipple Wash and Cop per Basin sections are highly miner alized, and there are many properties there that can be put on a paying basis with milling facilities located so conveniently. On the Arizona side, about nine miles from Parker, the Arizona Em pire lias recently developed an im mense ore body on the 200 foot level, and it iis the purpose of the company to continue developments on a good scale. Until ore reduction works are more conveniently located the pro duet of the mines will lie treated by outside smelters. Tihe Billy Mack mine is the pre mier gold mine of the Parker coun try, and during its operation at var ious periods during the past twenty years it lias produced largely' in the yellow metal. No great depth was ever attained at this property, but indications art' that with development it would compare favorably wiit.li the big gold milks of the state. At present there is considerable ore blocked out and in sight in the mine. At no great future date the Billy Mack will undoubtedly be producing on a large scale. The old Planet mine, southeast of Parker, was worked in the 70's and its ores were shipped to Swansea, Wales, Last year the company pat ented ps group of thirty-nine claims, and now that the price of copper has risen i is reasonable to suppose that this famous old mine will not long remain idle, li is not fat from Swan sea. and by building a short spur from the Swansea railroad, ore could l»e shipped to the smelter at a very small cost. The sedimentary formation of the great Parker Valley, abounding in rich agricultural lands, is broken on the north and east by the appearance of the primitive, which is known as the Whipple mountains on the Cal ifornia side and the Planet range a oro&s the river in Arizona. This formation is highly impregnated with minerals and assumes a north west by southeast trend, and is trace able clear through to Globe and Bis bee and on into Mexico. There da not a property An any of the dis tricts surrounding Parker that is absolutely copper, but to the contrary they all carry gold values. In ,no in stance has sufficient depth been at tained to determine what is inflow THE PARKER POST the oxide zone —no established sul phides have yet. been encountered, except in the Planet mine. Therefore who knows but with depth that the copper in its carbonate and oxide forms will be eliminated with depth and that gold will be ithe mineral ex clusively. In this country, bordering on the Colorado river, the future can only he judged by the actual development of the past and what As being stead ily pul forward month by month at tin present time. The formation all that can be desired. Contacts well defined; dikes prominent; veins large with continuous trend. The surface rocks are largely igneous, poipihyry predominating, though the schists, lime and gneiss wild be notic ed in greater or less quantities in (lie various dri strict®. There is little if any granite or cyanife in this count ry. Capital seeking investment for ex ploration purposes can do no better than to make Parker headquarters and give sufficient time to investiga tion of this section. SETTLERS’ MAP. Randall Henderson of Parker has just published a Settlers’ map of Lhe Colorado River Indian reservation Lands. The map was compiled by Randall and P. T. Henderson from a cruise of the land while assisting on the government, survey. In connection with the map a supplement has been issued giving an analysis of tlhe soil a/nd topography by sections. By consulting the map and supplement anyone can readily select, a choice piece of land. The map and supple ment sells for $2. postpaid, and is worth considerably more than the price to those who contemplate se curing some of the reservation land. Mr. Henderson with bis brother spent several months going over the land on the reservation and obtained ac curate data with regard to the tim ber, overflow land, alkali, sloughs and ether, features that will he of vital interest to future settlers, FIGHT BILL VETOED. Governor Hunt vetoed the LovAn prizefight bill Thursday. 1m object ing to this bill the governor says: “This wholesale prohibition of a so-called sport which As rapidly being less and less countenanced in the more advanced states of the Union, has held notable place in Arizona’s statutes for many years. I could not,, is chief executive of our common wealth, in the very inception of its career as a state, approve this so obvious retrogression. 1 could not consent to thus go backward while in all other respects we are going 50 grandly forward. I could not give my sanction to a move to retrace our steps over a path long since abandon - 3d as unworthy of travel, while in other ways w f e are blazing a trail that older states may well afford to, and 1 fully believe, will follow.” BRIBERY CHARGES MADE. CHICAGO. 111., Juno 14.—Charges at attempted bribery in the fight for delegates were made yesterday by Senator Dixon, campaign manager for Roosevelt, who charged that a mem ber of the national committee has been offered a United States mdr shlashaip if he would vote for Taft >ti the contests now under considera tion. The Missouri delegation at r arge, consisting of four votes, were predated to Roosevelt this afternoon by the unanimous vote of the commit tee. All of the Missouri district con tests were compromised by giving 4 to Roosevelt and 6 to Taft. WINGFIELD GETS PLUM. RENO, New, June 13. —Gov. Tas ker L. Oddie at 4 o’clock this after noon appointed George Wingfield as United States Senator from Nevada to succeed the late Senator George S. Nixon and to serve from appointment until liis successor is elected by the legislature. The appointment means t service not less than from the prea mt day until the meeting of the next legislature in January. ELECTION BILL PASSED. The bill providing for a general elec tion for all state and. county officers, No vein heir 5 next, was passed toy ihe senate Monday. It bad already passed the house. The senate also passed a measure prohibiting the issuance or use of passes on rail roads. In tie* assembly, the bills provid ing penalties for the white slave t tie; regulating foreign insurance com panies; regulating licenses for cor potations, and a bill providing for the taxation of railroad, telegraph and telephone v-oin panics was pass ed. LEVEE BREAKS. Wednesday morning the levee of the Cotton Lands company, about six miles south of Fort Mohave and about opposite the Sanderson ranch, gave way under pressure of the flood and in a short, time 300 feet of the levee had disappeared and a large amount of water rushed through the opening completely flooding the val ley, covering the greater ]K>rtion of the ranches from one to six feet in depth and damaging the main diitch and laterals all through the valley —Needles Eye. PARKER, YUMA COUNTY, ARIZONA, SATURDAY. JUNE 15. 1912. PARKER PROJECT ATTRACTING ATTENTION OF HOMESEEKERS THROUGHOUT COUNTRY. 1 Great Tract of Land Has Been Officially Surveyed by the Government. State of Arizona Has Passed Carey Law, Under Which Land is to Be Reclaimed—Arizona Delegation in Congress Now Working to Have Lands Segregated to Come Under Carey Act lnterior De partment Approves Their Reclamation by State or Private Enter prise—Should be Available to Settlement Within a Few Months. The 'thousands of rich and fertile acres of agricultural lands contained within the Colorado River Indian res ervation continue to attract the at tention of homeseekers throughout the United States. Every mail brings inquiries from those who are desir ous of locating in this favored sec tion of Arizona. Emm time to time this paper has covered the news developments re lating to the Parker project as they became available. A Large number of extra copies were printed of the editions containing information of the project, but the widespread in terest manifested by homeseekers from all parts of the United States quickly exhausted these editions. Since our last general article was published there have been a number of important steps taken toward the opening of these lands to settlement., and for the purpose of giving these developments the widest publicity as well as answering the numerous in quiries coming to this paper daily, we will briefly review the situation. Most, of the regular readers of Tire Post are famaliar with much of the information' ’aired in the follow ing a. tA. “atad above, our principal wi?wer the in quiries coming from these who are just learning of the wonderful op portunities that will soon be avail able to those who become settlers bn these lands. The official government, survey of the reservation lands was completed April 1. 1912. The irrigable lands consist of 125,000 acres of bottom lands and about 5,000 acres of mesa lands on the Arizona side of the Colorado river, and 20,000 acres of bottom lands on the California side of the river. It is proposed to reclaim this land under the Carey land laws, the legislature of Arizona having just passed a law r accepting the provisions of the national act for this purpose. The law' as passed by the legislature is published complete in another part of this issue. Another article giv ing some of the rules governing the Carey law' and answering numerous queries thereunder is also published in another column. Active work on the Parker project is confidently expected to begin this coming fall or winter. The Arizona delegation in congress is earnestly at work at the present time to have congress enact a law segregating the reservation lands so that they may be applicable under the Carey act. This legislation will probably be passed before adjournment of the present session of congress. Tentative allotments of lands to the Indians, approximating 5,000 acres, have already been made, and according to information just receiv ed from Senator Ashursit, Secretary of the Interior Fisher has ordered that these allotments be approved as quick ly as possible. A pumping plant, capable of irrigat ing 6,000 acres of Indian lands, has just been completed. A large area of the Indian lands will no doubt be cultivated by white settlers under lease from the ilndinns. This pump ing plant will be used until the gen eral irrigation system has been in stalled. The Greeley-Arizona Irrigation com pany has a concession from the gov ernment to construct a dam at Head gate Rock, about one and a half miles LOS ANGELES SYNDICATE IS AFTER BONUS TO BUILD ROAD BLYTHE, Gal., June 13.—Mr. Thomas of Los Angeles spent several days here last week looking over the valley in the interest of a syndicate which purposes to pant in a railroad between there and Blythe Jc. In an interview with The Herald reporter he stated that he was very much pleased as the possibilities were greater than he had anticipated and that a railroad would work won ders in a short time. He stated that they had made a proposition to the company regarding a bonus, which, if accepted, would mean that work would begin as soon as the papers above Parker. Complete plans of an irrigation system for the Parker pro ject. havte been made by this com pany. Under the Carey act individ uals or corporations may submit bids to the state board of land commis sioners for the construction of this system, and the state will let. the contract to the lowest bidder. It is estimated, on a’ basis of 100,- 000 acres, that the entire project, will cost approximately $3,700,000, or $37 per acre. This estimate is about one half of the cost per acre for water rights under the Roosevelt dam and the Yuma project, making it the cheapest land An the Southwest. However, this may be reduced by competitive bids. The land itself will not cost to exceed $5.00 per acre. A preliminary survey of the Parker & Colorado River railroad has recent ly been made, and application for a right-of-way through the reservation is now pending in the department of the interior. This road wiill run from Parker to Ehremberg, a distance of 45 miles, traversing the bottom lands for 40 miles in a southerly direction from this place. Character of Land. The land to be irrigated under the Parker project lies in a compact body on the east side of the Colorado riv er. Os the 130,000 acres of irrigable land on this side of the river, only about 5,000 acres .are''classed as mesa iend, which will be reclaimed by puiiipfrig. The balance, 125,000 acres, are bottom lands, and extend for for ty miles along the river south of Parker. The soil is alluvial sandy loam, with a luxuriant growth of willows, cottonwoods and some mesquite and iron wood trees. There are few 40- nere unites that do not have mesquite timber, and this As considered the richest land in the valley. However, there are many thousands of acres practically clear of brush and timber, and very little leveling wall have to be done on most of the land. The valley contains but few hummocks and water can he reached at from 6 to 20 feet. The reservation lands are exceed ingly fertile when watered, and pro duces when cleared and intelligently cultivated, fine crops of alfalfa, cot ton, corn, milomaize, sorghum, and similar crops, and will produce as many as eight crops of alfalfa in one year, or it will produce a crop of wheat or of barley, a crop of corn, and a crop of beans, in the order named, all in the same year. Dates and melons will grow here as well as anywhere. Alfalfa on properly pre pared ground and irrigated at proper times, will yield ten tons to the acre each year and furnish some pasture in winter time. It does not. die down during winter, as in some northerly climates, but is a perennial plant. Cotton is now being raised near the lower end of this tract, at Blythe, California, and yields over a bale to the acre. The cotton raised there yields a handsome profit, although it has to be hauled 40 miles to a rail road. All the products of the temperate zone, and many of the products of the semi-tropical countries, can be raised here, and the land owners un der this project Avill have the ad vantage of the experience gained at other palces on the Colorado river bottom land, both An the matter of .vere signed up, and work rushed to con plot ion. “The high water,” said Mr. Thom as, “As only what might be expected in any pew place and such lessons are always a blessing in the end. It is expected that an agreement with thi company will be either accepted or turned down within the next two weeks.” Mr. Thomas is backed toy a strong private company, which is ready to put up a cash bond ittoat it will per form its pant of the agreement. So again we have hopes for a rail road this fall, and the company will no doubt do aid in its power to havie it built. selection of suitable crops, and the best methods of cultivation and ir rigation. It is a safe assertion that anything that will grow at Imperial or Blythe will grow on the Parker lands. Besides the crop® above mentioned cabbage, cauliflower, asparagus, on ions, potatoes, Irish and sweet., de ciduous fruits, and berries of all kinds do well and will allow the settler a laige variety .to choose from. Where forage plants thrive, the cat tle and hay business is naturally a profitable one, and all kinds of poul try necessarily do well where grain abounds. The raising of turkeys is an unusually profitable business, and ostriches also thrive on the alfalfa fields of Arizona, the feathers yield ing substantial returns to the grow er. Dairy and poultry products will ai ways command good prices in the local markets of Arizona where the miming population does not produce any of its own food. It is safe to say that no where could a better opportunity be found for diversified farming than on this land. Climate. The climate is warm in summer, but the air is dry, and the heat is not oppressive as in a moist climate. The temperature ranges from 15 de grees to 115 degrees Fahrenheit with very few days or nights in which the mercury reaches the former, but quite a number of days in which the mercury reaches the latter tempera ture. The rainfall is light, not to exceed an average of three inches per an num and months pass without a cloud in the sky. For at least eight, months in the year the cliimate is as nearly perfect as in any part of the United States, and during the other four months of the year the heat during the day may be disagreeable, but the nights are comfortable, and one can sleep in the open air all the year ’round. It must be remembered .how ever, that At As the heat that makes possible the great number and var iety of crops. Water Supply. The principle 'source of water sup ply for (this land is the Colorado riv er. This river has its sources high up in the Rocky mountains, and has a drainage area of about 150,000 square miles above Parker. It pass es through the Grand and other can yons where it erodes millions of tons of clays and soft rock annually t and conS’wruently its waters at ail times carry great quantities of sand and silt. This material is depots! ed all the way from the lower end of the Grand canyon to the Gulf of Cal ifornia. The heavier and courser ma terials are deposited in the upper re gions, while the lighter ones are carried further along, and form such lands as those under this project.and at Blythe and Imperial. The lighter silts of the Colorado river and its tributaries are undoubt edly of great value as fertilizer. Pro fessor Forbes of the University at Tucson, Arizona, estimates that the nitrogen alone in an acre-foot of Gila river water is worth $13.00. The fertility of the silt of the Nile is proverbial; and there is abundant evi deuce from farmers at Blythe, and elsewhere on the Colorado, that the lighter silts are of great value to the land as fertilizers. The annuel floods in the Colorado are caused by the melting snow in the Rocky mountains and usually com mence in May or June, depending up on the season din Colorado, and last for two or three months, depending upon the amount of snow which fell in the mountains in the previous win ter. Fortunately the period of highest water corresponds with the period when the maximum quantity of wa ter is required for irrigation. As the floods in the Colorado sometimes reach as much as 150.000 second feet., and no flood goes much under 50,000 second feet, there is little question about the water supply during three of the summer mouths. The low water flow goes down occasionally to 3,500 second feet, but this extremely low water only lasts a few days, and seldom oc curs except in the winter months when irrigation is at a minimum, or not necessary. If at any time it be came necessary to carry trees or valuable crops over a short season of drought, an ample supply of wa ter could be pumped from shallow wells fo,r this purpose. Water can be found at from 6 to 20 feet under this laud, so that there is no trouble about securing an adequate supply of water for supplement irrigation and domestic purposes. The Diversion Dam. The dam required for this pro ject is what is called a diversion dam as its main purpose is to divert the water from the river into the ca nal. To do this it must evidently be at least as high as the depth of the water needed in the canal, and on ac count of the silt and for other rea sons, it is advisable to make the dam a little higher than this. Such dams as planned for the Par ker project have been built and operated on the great rivers of India, and the knowledge gathered in the last fifty years by engineers in that country, is now at our service, and with the experience gained at the Laguna dam on the Colorado, there is an assurance that a dam can he built on the Parker project which will be safe and secure, and effect the purpose for which it was design ed, to divert about 1000 cubic feet (Continued on Page 4.) PILE DRIVER CLOSING GAP OLIVE LAKE BREAK NOT SO BAD, AFTER ALL. Only Small Part of Valley Affected By Flood Waters-Travel Via Blythe Jet. BLYTHE, Cal., June 13—The waters from the break in the levee are slowly working their way down the valley seeking the low plac es and leaving behind a pool of mud dy water. Fortunately only a small part of the farming lands lie in it he path of the flood and the loss to growling crops will be small. The blame for the break can only be charged to an unprecedented rise in the Colorado river, but even then the dyke would have held had not the musk-rats made holes that were not discovered and when the dyke gave away it went, with a crash, and before sufficient help could be obtain ed the break widened to about 109 feet. However, by working under many difficulties the break was from getting any wider. With nothing on hand to work with, the only tilling was (o make the best of the situation and get something. A pile driver has been secured and began driving piles into the break Sunday night.. C. J. Berg went to Parker 'Saturday to attend to the shipment of a carload of piles which were to be folated down the river irom that place Tuesday. Another oqr’j^fOCPts^T)erhg* front 1 Blythe Jc. Quite a number of Indians ar rived on the pile-rafts. Before the pile driver arrived, poles, baled hay and sacks of sand were rushed to the gap so as to be ready and the gap is now being clos ed with little trouble. When lit was seen that it would be impossible to close the gap at once, the next thing was to control the wa ter so as to do as little damage as possible and P. D. Mclntyre, with a large force of men and teams, made and while they did everything possibl a stand along the west line of the Darling and Sehwalbaek property, siilble, it was of no avail and they were forced to withdraw their teams and see the waters gradually cover tlie fields of grain and sweep on to the bourses. The water was over waist deep in the Sehwalbaek prop erty. The irrigation canal turned the water west at ithiis point and it was forced to the lower lands next to the mesa, going by the way of De tains, Bates and Pfost’s and then gradually working its way south. By working might and day a large pari of the grain and hay in the path of the water was removed thus cutting down the loss of crops. Household goods were removed to higher ground quite a colony ibeimg located near the Bates property’ on the Mesaville road. In the meantime the high waters an the lower end of the valley was causing the automobiles trouble and the Green line changed its route* to Blythe Jc. coming to the edge of the mesa and then by team and boats to Blythe and other valley points. While tills all sounds very had there are thousands of acres of lands that are not affected by the flood.'.', and the people are as safe here a.. anywhere and very little complaint is heard from anyone. It is simply an accident that might happen any place and may never occur again, for it. is a lesson that in the end will no doubt prow a blessing as it will arouse us ito the point where we will take measures to make the dyke absolutely secure beyond any possible danger for we know now what might happen and we will prepare accordingly. Subscribers leaving town for the summer are requested to send us their new address if they desire ito receive The Post during their ab sence. The postoftfice department does not forward second class mail Excursion rates will be in effect over the Santa Fe June 15-30 to the Prescott Chautauqua. See the agent about rates to the mile-high city. No. 6.