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ASHURST URGES OPENING LANDS ADRESSES STRONG LETTER TO SECRETARY FISHER. Wants Action Taken in the Matter Before Close of This Ses sion of Congress. t The Post is in receipt of a letter from Senator Henry F. Ashursit and a copy of a communication the sen ator recently addressed to the secre tary of the interior urging the early opening of the Colorado River reser vation lands. Senator Ashurst’s letter to the sec retary is a frank, truthful statement of the situation and indicates that Mr. Ashursit is doing everything with in his power to secure the early open inig of ithe land. The following is the text of Sen ator Ashurst’s communication to the secretary of the interior: “Washington, D. C., June 14, 1912. “Honorable Walter L. Fisher, Secre tary of the Interior, Washington, D. C. “My dear Mr. Secretary: “I hand you herewith a petition signed by the citizens of Parker, Ari zona, and signed by the various com mercial organizationrs. civic bodies and others of that town, praying that the Colorado River Indian reserva tion be opened for public settlement. As you ate aware, .this reservation is .not what is known as a treaty res ervation, but. embraces a portion of public land-s set aside for the use of the Indians. The Indians never claim ed special rights in the land and wen. not conceded any by a treaty. No treaty therefore is necessary to open the reservation to settlement. Con gress can dispose of the land as it pleases. I am informed that the entire reservation, has recently been surveyed and that allotments have been made to 400 Indians, with agency site, school buildings, etc., being in alii something in excess of 5,000 acres. I, of course, believe that, the Indians should properly be taken care of, and their allotment 2 made as has been done, and in mj judgement there is now no longer an\ occasion for further delay in opening the remaining pa.it of the land em braced within the Colorado River Indian reservation to settlement by the general public. A pant of thir land is mesa, and a part, lisi the rich eat kind of alluvial soi.l; none there of is higher than 100 feet above the Colorado river. The mesa lands in my judgment are the finest citrus fruit lands in the world. Irrigation of the land may be accomplished by an irrigation pro ject built by either private capital, by the state of Arizona, or by nation al reclamation service, and the land may also be irrigated by individual wells, as water is easily accessible by wells over a portion of tihe reser vation. The bottom lands are iden tidal with those of the Yuma Indian reservation which was ojvened for 40-acre homesteads. “A knowledge of the richness ot the land on Ihe Colorado River In diali reivematlon is far and wide, and the public demands for the opening of these lands do settelment are very insistent. All over our nation Amer ican cPizens have been 1m great num bers anxious to secure a home, anx ious to obtain a tract of land that they may get from under the land lord L in of another person, and sure ly the government could perform r more just or proper act than to ern brace every legitimate opportunity to give American citizens a chance to acquire a home. “Under the necessity for the peo ple to obtain supplies coupled with the fact that the people believed they would scon have an opportunity to go upon these lands, the little town, of Parke; sprang up. Many people, a maior'iy of whom were dery poor, but honest people, pinned their faith to tin future of the liitttie town of I arker and erected cottages and en gaged in business, but the failure ci the department to open the lands to settlement has almost blighted the little town, and the people there air becoming heartsick by reason of hope long deferred. These people hav gone there in good faith. They a the class of people that, make a state and Jiation great, if given an oppor tunity they would become reliable farmers and valuable citizens and would begin to make that desert THE PARKER POST bloom as the rose and produce fruit and food st uffs for mankind. “If these lands may be thown open for settlement you will find that with in a very short time the town of Parker will increase in .population by leaps and bounds. Indeed, other towns will spring up and where there is .now nothing but desert waste will within two years be the scene of hap py homes and prosperous people. EveT since the general public was permit ted to purchase lands in the town of Parker and erect residences thereon and retain title, I .have taken the position that the good faith of the government was pledged toward throwing open these lands on the Colorado River Indian reservation for settlement at the earliest possible date. Indeed, if the government did net expressly promise to open these lands, its implied promise was made upon numerous occasions, “I am advised that there exist: seme opinion to the effect that, these lands should not be thrown open to settlement until the government, has determined whether or not. it will build an irrigation project at son: point nearby on the Colorado river to irrigate these lands. This should not be the occasion for any delay ii. opening the land. The lands ought to be opened for settlement and the p’-oposation of an irrigation project can be taken up subsequently. First, for the reason that, a greater part e the lands may be irrigated by individ ual wells, secondly, the state of Ari zona has recently passed the Caro act, and if the government is not prepared at this time to build an irri gation project iiit should not stand In the way and preclude private capital or the state of Arizona from build' an inigation project. lam informed tlm the state of Arizona will become a bidder, and might probably sup an irrigation project with which irrigate these lands, as I am adi\<c: that the legislature of the state of Arizona desires that a dam be budflii under the Carey act and under the Arizona Irrigation bill. “Will you therefore consider this petition at the earliest possible dace? I personally vouch for the reliability of the signers; many of them are prominent business men and men of the highest type both in 'public and private life, and it would be a ser ious injustice further to prolong the opening of these lands for settlement. After reading this letter and this petition, may I not call and confer with you again, and have a personal conference with you, as I am exceed ingly anxious to have some action taken before the close of this ses sion of congress? With great respect. “Yours sincerely, “HENRY F! ASHURST. “U. S. Senator.” LOST IT THE DESERT RESCUED IN TIME Helpless, exhausted, almost dead from thirst, Dr. D. B. Wylie was found on the desert eight miles north west of Wickemburg Monday after noon by John Norton and Sheriff Jeff Adams of Phoenix. It is said that he will recover although he lost fifty or sixty pounds in weight and is in a greatly weakened condition. Fi\ m Saturday morning until the time h- was found Monday after noon Dr. Wylie roamed aimlessly about. t;h< desert. His horse ran away from him while he was cooking his breakfast, about sunrise Satur day. and he chased the animal on foot ft r about ten miles. By that time hi* strength was gone and his senses were deserting him and he \ ,r as hopelessly lost. The home walk ed into Wickenburg with the saddle turned under his body early Sunday morning. Two searching parties set out to look tor the missing rider, one from Phoenix,and one from Wick enuurg. Late ! n the afternoon everyone was ready to give up. There seemed to be no possibility of following the tracks to any final destination and it was conceded that the missing man had undoubtedly perished from thirst long before that. But Jeff Adams decided to make one final attempt and fired his revolver several times in the air. From afar off came a faint cry for help. Dr. Wylie was found lying on the ground in a terribly emaciated condi tion. Strangely enough his senses bad just returned to him. He assur ed Adams that he could be trusted with a canteen full of water. Though perishing for thirst, he knew enough to merely sip until his strength had partially returned. PARKER, YUMA COUNTY, ARIZONA, SATURDAY, JUNE 22. 1932. CLARK TAKES HORN MINES DEVELOPMENT WORK TO BEGIN IMMEDIATELY. Invasion By Clark Interests at This Time Means Much For This Section. William Neagle, representing the Clark copper interests, last Saturday closed a deal for the Horn property, located in the Turtle mountains, a bout 20 miles southeast, of Parker. The deal consists of a lease and a bond agreement, and it iis claimed the bond is close to six figures. Work on the property .is to be started at once, or as soon as the camp can be put in condition to ac commodate a large force of men. The shaft is to be deepened and develop ments will be carried on in the tun nels, where excellent, ore bodies have been opened. The invasion of tihiis district by the Clark interests is heartily wel comed by the mining men, as it will undoubtedly lead others to come in and investigate the district’s possibili ties. Several deals for copper prop erties in this vicinity are pending at the present time, and the coming fall and winter will witness a great min ing revival i;n this section. NEW MILL ARRIVES. The machinery of the new mill to be constructed near Rincon Landing, in the Whipple Wash district, was brought down the river from To pock by the lola last Monday. Capt. Wil liams arrived in Parker Thursday with the boat and will take an other load of supplies up river. H. 3. Hull, who is bacK of the enter prise. has about finished hiis new boat, whicj* is to be used to carry supplies between this place and the up-river camp. Work on assembling the machinery and erecting camp buildings will be started early next week. Within sixty days Mr. Hull expects to begin running ore through the mill. YUMA FIGS. Yuma has figs that are not fig ments of the imagination in that they sell for $lO per box; grain that is a wonder; oranges the sweetest; strawberries that positively have no equal; alfalfa, 8 crops a year; seed less grapes that astonish for size and quality; apricots, the wonder of the age; melon®, the earliest in, America, at SI.OO each, and beets, well just beets, that beat all creation, and Yuma’s hot weather is the cause of it. Without our sublime producing weather Yuma would be just like any other ordinary place.—Yuma Ex aminer. FLOOD WATERS FROM BREAK STEADILY BEING CONQUERED BLYTHE, Cal., June 20. —The water is still flowing through the break dm the river near Olive Lake, but it is believed that it will soon be closed. E. H. Gaines of El Centro arrived last, week and iis now in charge of the pile driver and states that it is only a question time. C. E. Berg arrived Thursday from Parker with a raft of piles after a very exciting trip down the river in which it was a question which was the top side of the raft. Much trouble was encountered by running on sand bars. They expected to stop at the intake but the current was too strong and they could not force a landing until they were some distance below that place. The water is now spread over a vast tract of territory at depths from a few inches to several feet, but no more damage is expected unless there is considerable more of a raise in the rivjer. The Rannells canal acted as a dike and turned the water west to the mesa near the Tom O’Donnell place and most of the water is now run ning around the mesa. Another small stream backed up and has flooded part of the Donlon ranch and other property just north of the old nursery,however, this is only a small stream and will not cause much damage. The water also went east of NEW LINE TO BLYTHE JCT. SANTA FE MAKES THROUGH RATE TO BLYTHE. Worst of Road to be Planked and Oiled For Floyd Brown’s Auto-Truck Line. BLYTHE, Cal., June 20.—Floyd Brown received word last Fri day that the deal with the Santa Fe was closed, or rather accepted, and that as soon as the papers could be signed uip work would be commenced putting the road in shape for the auto and auto truck line which is to be established. Details and arrangements are al ready made to lay a plank road a cross the heavy sands this side c.i Blythe Jc. To do this will require 3xl2’s iaid lengthwise with a 24-inch Lead for each wheel, these boards to be laid on ties and filled in be tween and oiled. The remaining bad places will be graded up and oiled and graveled, making the road in ex cellent condition for auto service. A daily service will be maintained, leaving the junction early in the morning, arriving here at 10 a. m. and leaving here for the junction at 2 p. m., requiring about four hours to make the trip each way. This will be a great addition to our present service, especially for freight, and will enable us to han dle fresh fruits at a greatly reduced rate. Blythe Brevities. Last Thursday the water surround ed the home of Frank Goldsberry and the building being of adobe it was soon destroyed. The family and con tents of the house had been removed before the water out them off. Work 'he ice plant has been temporarily stopped ow ,iv g co the in ability of getting any more material on account of high water, but the work will be resumed as soon as possible and rushed to an early com pletion. Floyd Brown announces • special Sunday excursion on the new steam ers just installed between various points in the valley. By taking this trip one can get an entirely new view of some points of interest in the valley. Quit your kiddin’ Floyd. The Palo Verde Motor Transit company is still carrying the mail and passengers between here and Glamis and getting through in fine shape considering the difficulties it has to overcome. Verily, the way of the automobile man these days is beset with trouble. H. L. Christian has just completed a new cottage on the Donlon prop erty north of Blythe. The building is a very neat frame structure with Blythe across the lower part of the Springer ranch and that section of the country and broke through the Ebremiberg levee and ran into the river. Even should the break not be clos ed the high water should go down within the next week at moist, and work will be rushed to have every thing in good working order at the earliest possible moment. The damages to crops and alfalfa fields is estimated at from $25,000 to $50,000. The cost of repairing the break cannot be determined at this time. While the loss falls hard at the present time it will no doubt prove a good lesson and a cheap one ini the end, for it will teach us to prepare for just such cases, and had this not happened for several years and the valley been thickly settled and well stocked and then been subject to such a flood the loss to property and live stock would have been tre mendous. Let the knockers kino ok, and the croakers croak, buit this valley is go ing ahead, and we will emerge from the present struggles more united, with a possibly reorganized water system and in better shape and more determined to succeed, and we will succeed. Don’t be a calamity howler. Get in the “Booster” wagon, the wa ter’s fine. a floor space 30x40 feet. Ini addition to the house, a bunk house 12x32 for the use of hired help has been erect ed. To Keep traffic open during the t.emporaty abundance of water Floyd Brown has put a couiple of barges itn commission between the Sohwalback property and the Hobson property north of Blythe. This enables pass engers to connect with the automo biles for Blythe Jc., also to get freight in and out from that line. .John R. Dutcher came in last Wednesday from Los Angeles and reports that plans are progressing very favorable toward getting water on the mesa, much bettor than ever before, and that the land owners are anxious to begin work as soon as the organization is perfected. A petition is now almost ready to be presented to the supervisors calling a district election. EXPECTS EARLY ACTION. Paul Peirce, president of the Par ker & Colorado River Railroad com pany, arrived in town Thursday night. His company will make application to the Yuma county board of supervis ors within the next few days for a franchise to operate either a steam or electri • road over certain streets of the town of Parker. Mr. Peirce has asked the Parker board of trade to sanction the application. A meet ing of the board is to be held this tFriday) evening to consider the mat ter. Mr. Peirce stated that active con struction work will start, as soon as the leservabion lands become avail able to settlement, which, he says will probably be this fail or winter. He doubts that an.yithing( can be done before adjournment of the present session of congress, owing to the fact that, the survey of the lands wif not be approved by the department of the interior until somteiime in July. But early in the December ses sion, he says, there will be nothing to hold up the matter, as all of the preliminary work and red tape will, by that time, be disposed of. TOWN OF RAY IS WIPED OUT BY FIRE RAY, Aniz., June 18. —Fine, which started An the Wellington saloon, at 12 o’clock, wiped out the entire Amer ican section of this camp before 2 o’clock this morning, causing a loss of $600,000 and laying waste the best buildings here. Careless casting aside of a cigar or cigarette is believed to ihave been the cause of the disastrous conflagra tion . It was probably thrown into a pile of papers at the rear of the building and before it was discovered had gained sufficient headway to doom the camp. Absence of any fire fighting appar atus, or even enough water to enable the organization of bucket, brigades, gave the flames free reign, and they swept in every direction with amaz ing rapidity. Ray consisted largely of frame buildings and these were lapped up like powder. Residents of the Amer ican section were forced to flee with little but the clothes on. itheir backs, so fast did the fire spread. Attempts to stop the progress of the flames by the use of dynamite proved futile. As fast as a building was blown up and the debris torn away the fire advanced to the edge of the open space and leaped over. Practically nothing was saved. It soon became dangerous to venture in to the district. Nothing that could not be easily carried in the hands was saved as no wagons could be tak en into tihe business section, the dan ger of their never getting out) being too great. In two hours, wihat had been one of the busiest mining camps in Ari zona was nothing but a mass of blackened, twisted, smoking ruins. Entire stores, saloons, eating houses and other buildings went into the heavy cloud of smoke almost before the owners could realize what was taking place. Os the $600,000 loss, less than 5 per cent is covered toy insurance. On account of the high risk insurance companies have refused to place any business in Ray, fearing that just what took place last night might oc cur at any time. Fortunately no one was hurt, though many took desperate ohance3 to save their pei-sonal effects. As soon as the cooler heads saw that the camp was doomed t.o detsruetion they organized to keep those who saw they must lose all, from ventur ing too close to the burning build ings. BETTER LAWS FOR SETTLERS THREE YEARS IN WHICH TO MAKE FINAL PROOF. Absence From Homestead Every Year if Desired by Entry man Now Permitted. The following is the text of the new three-year homestead law, re cently signed by President Taft. The act amends section twenty-two hun dred and ninety-one and section twen ty-two hundred and ninety-seven of the revised statutes of the United States relating to homesteads. Section 2291. No certificate, how ever, shall be giltfen or patent is sued therefor until the expiration of three years from the date of such entry; and if at the expiration of such time, or at any time within two years thereafter, the person making snch entry, or if he be dead his wi dow, or in case of her death his heirs or devisee, or in case of a widow making such entry her heirs or devisee, in case o* her death,prove by himself and by two credible wit nesses that he, she, or they have a habitable house upon the land and have actually resided upon and cul tivated the same for the term of three years succeeding the time of filing s he affidavit, and makes affi davit that no part of such land has been alienated, except as provided in section twenty-two hundred and eighty-eight, and that he, she, or they wiilll bear true allegiance to the government of the United States, then in such case he, she, or they, if at that time citizens of the United shall be entitled to a patent, as in other cases provided by law: Provided, That upon filing in the lo cal land office notice of the begin- TTShr of the eirtryman shall be entitled to a continuous leave of absence from the land for a per iod not exceeding five months in each year after establishing residence and upon the termination of such absence the entryman shall file notice of such termination in the local land office, but in case of commutation the fourteen months’ actual resi dence as now required by law must be shown, and the person commuting must be at the time a citizen of the United States: Provided, That when the person making entry dies before the offer of final proof those succeed ing to the entry must show that the entryman had complied with the law in all respects to the date of his death and that they have since com-, plied with the Jaw in all respects, a* would have been required of the en tryman had he lived, excepting that they are relieved from any require ment of residence upon the land: Provided further, That the entryman shall, in order to comply with the requirmemts of cultivation herein pro vided for, cultivate not less than one-sixteenth of the area of his en try, beginning with the second year of the entry, and not less than one eighth, beginning with the third year of the entry, and until final proof, except that in the case of entries un der section six of the enlarged home stead law double the area of cultiva tion herein provided shall be requir ed, but the secretary of the interior may, upon a satisfactory showing, under rules and regulations prescrib ed by him, reduce the required area of cultivation: Provided, That the above provision as to cultivation shall not apply to entries under -the) Act of April twenty-eighth, nineteen hundred and four, commonly known as the Kiinkaid act, or entries under the act of June seventeenth, nineteen hundred and two, commonly known as the reclamation Act, and that the provisions of this section relative to the homestead period shall apply to all nniperfected entries ;is well as entries hereafter made upon which residence is required: Provided, That the secretary of the interior shall, within sixty days after the passage of this act, send a copy of the same to each homestead entry man of record who may be affected thereby, by ordinary mail to his last known address, and any such entry man may, by giving notice within one hundred and twenty days after the passage of this Act, by register ed letter to the register and receiver of the local land office, elect, to make proof upon his entry under the law under which the same was made wiith (Continued on Page 3.) No. 7.