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NEIGHBORING CITIES W OUTLINE OF CUROEHT DENIS ON THE PACIFIC SLOPE Condensed Resume of die Week’s Happenings Covering Events of Interest from Nearby Places—Will Allow Rapid Scanning $3,500,000 Bonds Voted EL CENTRO, Nov. 3—The $3,500,- 000 bond issue for the purchase of the California Development company irri gation system has been carried by a vote of 10 to 1. Monster Cabbage POMONA, Nov. 3. A cabbage weighing twenty-one pounds and measuring 48 by 42 inches, has been grown in this city. It is believed to be the largest ever grown in this vicinity. Millions for Tunnel SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 3—City Engineer O’Shaughnessy recommended that the board of public works accept the bid of Robt. C. Storrie & Co. of San Francisco of $3,372,000 for build ing the Twin Peaks tunnel. Mt. Lassen Again Erupts REDDING, Nov. 3. —Mt. Lassen in its sixtieth eruption showed greater activity than at any time since its first eruption last May. Smoke, steam and ashes were hurled into the aiar for eight hours without intermission. Wholesale Gas Rate Fixed LONG BEACH, Nov. 3—The state railroad commission has rendered a decision directing the Southern Cali fornia Gas company to establish a wholesale rate of 24% cents per thou sand feet for all natural gas delivered at the aity limits of Long Beach. Comets Recede from Earth PASADENA, Nov. 3—The Camp bell and Delevan comets, which have been visible to the naked eye in the northwestern heavens recently, will in a few days disappear except from the range of powerful telescopes. This was the announcement of the Mount Wilson observatory officials. War Boosts Price in Opium SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 3.—The lat est to feel the war prices is the jpium market. Fong Foon, an aged Chi nese who has worked on the Sacra mento river boats for 40 years, when arrested with opium in his possession, told government officials that he paid S6O a tin for it. This is the highest price in the history of the traffic. Planting Fir Trees by Million PORTLAND, Ore., Nov. 3. —A camp containing twelve men and boys re cently has been established about 30 miles north of the Columbia river, in the Columbia national forest,' to cpl lect seed of western yellow pine, Douglas fir and noble fir for the use of the forest service. In gathering the seed the men climb the trees for the cones in which the seed is hidden, because when the cones fall the seed is lost. Ultimately it will be used in the Wind river nursery, near Carson, Wash., where the government raises 2,000,000 trees each year. New Citrus Record Set LOS ANGELES, NoV. 3—A new rec ord has been set by the three railroads out of Los Angeles for the shipping of citrus fruits from California to east ern markets. Officials of the Santa Fe, Southern Pacific and the Salt Lake announced that the total number of cars shipped to the east was 46,924, and that the season was practically over. The Pacific shipped 18,915 cars of oranges and 1425 cars of lem ons; the Santa Fe shipments were 18,749 cars of oranges and 915 cars of lemons, while the Salt Lake shipped 6875 cars of oranges and lemons. In the 1913 season the shipments of the three roads totaled 15,769 cars. Cotton Not to Be a Contraband LOS ANGELES, Nov. 3.—The Brit ish government, through Ambassador Spring-Rice, officially notified the United States that Great Britain has no intention of placing cotton on its list of articles that are contraband of war. This means that American ship ments of cotton to Germany or Aus tria will not be interfered with. This action dispels all fear that cargoes of American cotton will be detained on the high seas or prevented from reach ing their destinations. President Wilson is optimistic re garding the cotton situation in the South. He is certain, he says, that conditions will improve steadily and that all that can be done for the re lief of cotton growers is being done. He does not indicate that it is his be lief that further legislation will be required. $135,000,000 LOAN FUND TO AID COTTON WASHINGTON, Nov. 3.—Dixie’s cotton problem seemed nearer a so lution with the announcement of Sec retary McAdoo’s “cotton loan fund” of $135,000,000, to be subscribed by banks or other corporations, firms oi individuals located in the north and south. The fund is to be administered by a cotton loan committee to be named by the reserve board. Southern bank ers will subscribe $35,000,000 and bankers outside the cotton states $100,000,000. The loans will bear six per cent interest. When loans to cotton men have been approved by several committees, notes evidencing the loans will be for warded with collateral to the cotton loan committee. $11,000,00 TAXES COLLECTED FROM CORPORATIONS WASHINGTON, Nov. 3.—With col lections of $11,000,000 California led all the Pacific and mountain states in the taxation of corporations in 1912, Commissioner Davies of the bureeau of corporations reported to the president. That amount was exceeded only by Pennsylvania and New York, and was not approached by any other state. The report covered Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, California, Washington and Oregon. Os that group California alone separates the source of state and local revenue. The special taxes fixed on corpora tions for state purposes yielded about 76 per cent of the required revenue. Commissioner Davies stated that in contrast to the use of special taxes on corporations in California was the “almost complete dependence on the general property tax in Nevada and New Mexico.” Montana, the report showed, applied a gross receipts tax to railroad and express companies. A noteworthy feature of the tax system in the Pacific and mountain group “is that most of the state con stitutions contain minute provisions regarding taxation, in strong contrast with the constitutions of the North Atlantic states, in which only a few fundamental principles are laid down.” “The failure of many state central boards to announce definitely the methods used by them in assessing corporations delays the solving of the important problem of correct corpo rate assessment.” GIVE ITALY LAND TO STAY NEUTRAL LONDON, Nov. £.—The Stockholm correspondent of the Daily Telegraph has sent in a report from Austrian sources to the effect that Austria- Hungary and Italy are on the eve of concluding an agreement under the terms of which, in exchange for the maintenance of Italian neutrality in the war, Austria-Hungary will cede Trentino (a district in the Austrian Tyrol, bordering on Italy, and in which is the city of Trent) to Italy and per mit a permanent Italian occupation of Avalona, the seaport on the Adriatic. EUROPEAN NATIONS PLACE ENORMOUS ORDERS IN U.S. RECORD-BREAKING BUSINESS BE ING DONE BY MERCHANTS Estimate That Past Three Weeks’ Sales to Belligerent Nations Will Total $200,000,000 — Duplicate Orders Are Expected NEW YORK, Nov. 3.—lt is esti mated by New York bankers that in the last three weeks orders have been placed in the United States for about $200,000,000 worth of American prod ucts* by the belligerent nations. From New Orleans recently 1048 horses were shipped for the French army aboard the British teamer An gelo Bolivisn. Horse dealers ip the Middle West report big demand for horses. The Straus Saddlery, in St. Louis, is filling a big harness order, and one for 25,000 saddles from the allies. These last sell for S3O each. A train of eighteen cars, filled with 100,000 pairs of shoes, has left Bing hamton, N. Y., for the Greek army. A representative of the French Govern ment is seeking to place an order for 1,000,000 pairs of army boots. The Russell Uniform Company is delivering 10,000 army overcoats to England each week. The Durham Hosiery Company, the Lackawanna Mills and the Superior Manufacturing Company have taken orders for underwear and sweaters amounting to 800,000. France has ordered 2000 motor cars, to be used as ambulances, from the Ford Motor Company. The Packard and the Federal companies are to gether supplying 750 motor trucks for the armies. Also three firms in Springfield, Mass., havee booked im portant orders for Europe. The Colt Arms Company is busy turning out 50,000 revolvers for the British government. The Pratt & Whitney Company is running full time to complete a $2,000,000 arms order from China. In addition to French, Russian and British commissioners now here on buying missions, cables tell that Italy is sending on a military commission, headed by a general from Rome, to begin a buying campaign for army supplies and remounts. It can be predicted that every other country that has mobilized will be forced to take the same course. Oiders from abroad for tools and machinery have been received by the Reed Prentice Machine Tool Company of Worcester, Mass., and by the Whitcomb-Blaiasdell Company. Both these concerns are nearly sold out of certain lines. Single orders have been sent on for $70,000 and SBO,OOO worth of lathes. As duplicate orders are expected from the same sources, the factories will be forced to work double time with extra hands. Export merchants have been sur prised at the source of orders, indicat ing that they must take a new view of the world. SANTA MONICA WILL REGULATE AUTO BUSES SANTA MONICA, Nov. 3.—There are over fifty small buses plying be tween the beach cities and the Sol diers’ Home at Sawtelle. This city is trying to have them placed in the class with common carriers so that there will be some way to regulate them. At present they all pay a small annual license, but outside of enforc ing the traffic ordinances governing automobiles the city has no control over their movements. Some of the buses are operated by women and others by youths. MT WILSON ISSUES THANKSGIVING PROCLAMATION THURSDAY, NOVEMBER TWENTY-SIXTH, IS SET ASIDE AS DAY OF “THANKSGIVING AND PRAYET, BY CHIEF EXECUTIVE European War Will Not Affect Prices to any Extent as Generally Speaking They are Lower Than Last Thanksgiving—Turkeys not Abundant but Cranberries and Most of the “Fixings” are Lower Than Usual President Wilson issued the annual Thanksgiving proclamation, setting Thursday, November 26, as the day of “thanksgiving and prayer.” The proclamation follows: “It has long been the honored cus tom of our people to turn in the fruit ful autumn of the year in praise and thanksgiving to Almighty God for his many blessings and mercies to us as a nation. The year that is now drawing to a close since we last ob served our day of national thanksgiv ing has been —while a year of disci pline because of the mighty forces of war and changes which have turbed the world —also a year of spe cial blessing to us. “It has been vouchsafed „for us to remain at peace, with honor, and in some part to succor the suffering and supply the needs of those who are in want. We have been privileged by our own peace and self-control in some degree to steady the counsels and shape the hopes and purposes of a day of fear and distress. Our peo ple have looked on their own file as a nation with a deeper comprehen sion, a deeper realization of their re sponsibility as well as of their bless ings, and a keener sense of the moral and practical significance of what their part among the nations of the world may come to be. ’. Food for All. “Our crops will feed all who need food; the self-possession of our peo ple amid the most serious anxieties and difficulties and the steadiness and resourcefulness of our business men will serve other nations as well as our own. “The business of- the country has been supplied with new instrumental ities and the commerce of the world with new channels of trade inter course. The Panama canal has been opened to the commerce of the na tions.” . Foodstuffs Decline Financially speaking, the Thanks CHICAGO HOTELS CUT OUT FOREIGN DISHES CHICAGO, Nov. 3.—The leading hotels and restaurants of this city, in order to observe strict neutrality, have eliminated from menus French, German and Russian names of- popu lar dishes. The Hotel La Salle started the movement and others followed. The Germans have been boycotting French - and Russian dishes, while “goulash” and Wiener schnitzel” found no favor with English, French and Russian guests. Under the new rules of civilized eating as applied to peaceable Chi cago restaurants where “canape russe” led off for luncheon, caviar on toast is the new appetizer. “Wiener schnitzel, Holstein,” has been given its passports and veal cut lets with fried egg and vegetables rushed into its place. “Filet mignon” is no more; it is plain tenderloin steak. Chicken broth “en gelee” is just plain chicken broth in jelly. “Ris devau aux petits pois” is nothing more nor less than sweet breads with new peas. Chicken “sous cloche” is the same bird “under glass.” GERMAN TROOPS HURL BACK FRENCH FORCES BERLIN, Nov. 2. —Distinct German successes in the west and a satis factory outlook in the eastern theater of the war were announced by the German war office here. Especial emphasis was laid on claims that the kaiaser’s troops were making material progress with their attack on the Toulon-Verdun forts. Operations were said to have been extended north and south of Saint Mihiel. The repulse was reported of all French attempts to recapture the defenses there and the early fall of Verdun and its protecting fortresses was predicted. “The opening of naval activities by Turkey,” said the official report, “promises to divert Russian attention and forces from Poland, where the czar has been able to concentrate nu merically superior armies against the Germans and Austrians.” Messages from the Servian front told of the capture of a Servian regi ment under Colonel Ivanoff, which, led to believe that its own forces held the town of Vizograd, was trapped into entering and then was sur rounded and compelled to surrender. BRITAIN WARNS U. S. AGAINST MINE FIELD WASHINGTON, Nov. 3.—Official warning of a German mine field off the north coast of Ireland was re ceived from the British admiralty, which warned all ships not to pass within sixty miles of Tory island. The admiralty believes the mines were strewn to destroy Canadian trans ports. IRON CROSS REPLICA SOLD TO AID WOUNDED SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 3—To raise further contributions toward the mil lion-dollar fund for the German wound ed, widows and orphans, the German aid committee is selling thousands of miniature replicas of the famous Order of the Iron Cross. giving Day dinner this year will be within the reach of all. Mrs. Housewife need have no fear that the European war will affect her marketing. Prices of foodstuffs have declined considerably within the past month or more, and many staple table com modities are today much lower than at the same time last year. Although turkeys will not ;be in abundance this year, wholesale poul try dealers stated that the price for the birds will be about the same as ruled last year. The “trimmings” this year will be much lower. Due to a heavy crop, cranberries this year will sell at the lowest price in years, and it is safe to say that Mrs. Housewife’s delight, cranberry sauce, will be in abundance. All grades of nuts have declined and the price is very low. Raisins are cheap, due to the large production in this state. Potatoes are selling in Los Angeles at 10 pounds for 25c, the lowest price in some time. Celery is being sold reasonably. The best grades of ap ples sell at bottom prices. It is expected that the new crop of Valencia oranges will decorate the Thanksgiving Day table. As is usu ally the rule their price will be high. Los Angeles Prices Here are the prices for the Thanks giving Day dinner which will prevail in the Los Angeles market this year and comparison with last year’s prices: THIS YEAR EAST YEAR Turkeys 30c to 35c 30c to 35c per lb. Cranberries 10c 12%c per lb. Potatoes $1.55 $1.65 per cwt. Sweet potatoes 2%C 3c per lb. Sugar, cane, $6.35 $6.15 per cwt. Sugar, beet, $6.15 $5.90 per cwt. Walnuts 18c to 25c 20c to 25c per lb. Mixed nuts 25c 25c per lb. Raisins 8c to 15c 10c per lb. Pineapples 8c 10c per lb. Celery 5c to 8c 8c to 12c per bunch Plum pudding 25c 25c per lb. Grapes 5c to 10c 5c to 10c per lb. 75 CTS. PER HUNDRED SHIP RATE FOR FRUIT LOS ANGELES, Nov. 3.—The first water rate on citrus fruit from Cali fornia to New York has been quoted to the California Fruit Growers’ Ex change and independent shippers by local agents of the Atlantic and Pa cific Steamship Company. The rate has been set at 75 cents per hundred weight, including refrig eration, with the understanding that the entire refrigeration space of the steamship must be utilized if the icipg is to be done. This would require a consignment of about twenty-six aver age carloads at one sailing. Several of the leading citrus ship pers have expressed themselves to the effect that they expected a much lower rate, and that the steamship com panies must offer to carry fruit for less if they expect much business. CHICAGO STOCKYARDS UNDER QUARANTINE WASHINGTON, Nov. 3—The De partment of Agriculture has declared a quarantine against the Union Stock yards at Chicago, the largest in the world, “for ten days on account of the prevalence of the dreaded foot and mouth disease in certain counties of Michigan and Indiana.” Under the operation of this quar antine cattle may be shipped into the stockyards, but they cannot be shipped out again except for slaught ering and then they must be sealed in cars and shipped direct to slaughter house. This will prevent the ship ment of cattle to farms for breeding and all other purposes. ENGLAND FORCED INTO TURK WAR, DECLARED LONDON, Nov. 2. —Turkey’s raid on Russian ports in the Black sea has forced Great Britain into war with the Ottoman government ,the foreign office announced. The Turkish government summar ily shut off communications with the British embassy at Constantinople on Friday, and it is now up to Great Britain to take whatever action is required to protect British interests and territory and Egypt from harm. HAITI’S PRESIDENT FLEES AS REVOLTS BREAK OUT CAPE HAITIEN, Nov. 2. —Revolu- tionary fighting started in the streets of Port Au Prince and lasted all night. The new outbreak followed the land ing of Charles Zamor, brother of the president of the republic. Members of the Haitien ministry took refuge in foreign consulates. President Zamor is reported to be on the Dutch steamer Prins Willem in the harbor. United States marines are protecting the American consulate. SEARS’ WIDOW GETS $17,000,000 ESTATE CHICAGO, Nov. 3.—Richard W. Sears, founder of Sears, Roebuck & company, mail order house, left an estate of $17,000,000, according to the estimated value announced when his will was filed for probate here. His widow, Anna Sears, is sole heir and executrix of the estate, to act without bond. REPORT SHOWS STATE BANKS PROSPEROUS SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 3—“ The condition of the state banks of Cali fornia is one of the most satisfactory in the United States.” That was the declaration of W. R. Williams, State Superintendent of Banks, in his introductory letter to Governor Johnson, prefacing his an nual report. “This condition,” he continued, “is representative of a prosperity far in excess of what might be expected from the population of the State. The combined assets of the State banks of California on June 30 last were $745, 221,700, an increase over the previous year of an aggregative of $39,404,358. This advance of assets as represen tative only of one of the elements of the banking power of the State, proves the marked prosperity which Califor nia has enjoyed under conditions which have been recognized as not the best.” VIOLET RAY PLAN TO BE TESTED BY U. S. SCHENECTADY, N. Y., Nov. 3. War department officials are planning to conduct experiments at the war fleet’s new arsenal with a new war device, the mine and bomb destroyer, invented by William Burr Gibson of Schenectady. Gibson maintains he has solved the problem of destroying mines and also that with his device he can wreck aeroplanes laden with bombs, destroy bridges which have been mined, and in an instant demolish a train trans porting ammunition to an army. Gibson says he has harnessed the mysterious ultra violet rays. He dis charges these invisible light waves through a machine of the most deli cate mechanism, directing the rays on hidden mines or ammunition. Terrific explosions must follow from the chem ical reactions which will be caused. Experiments conducted on a small scale have proven the worth of the invention, Gibson asserts. Actual usage of full-sized machines against hidden powder traps of modern war fare must bring the same result, he maintains, because the invention is based on chemical and physical laws which are coAstant and unchangeable. WINTER GARDENING BRINGS $5,000,000 INTO STATE RESIDENTS OF U. S. AND CANADA PAY TRIBUTE TO GROWERS Will Pay About Three-quarters of a Million Dollars for Winter Celery Alone —Cold Weather Holds Off Other Competitors. LOS ANGELES, Nov. 3. —Residents of the United States and Canada pay a tribute of more than $5,000,000 a year to California vegetable growers, for the privilege of having the finest celery, tomatoes, fresh asparagus, lettuce, artichokes and cauliflower, at times when other vegetable growing communities are unable to compete because of cold weather. About Nov. 15 the famous California celery will be ready for shipment, and from that date untih just before the holidays carload after carload will be shipped each day. For celery alone the East will pay to California growers about three-quarters of a mil lion dollars this year. To prove that California is rapidly becoming as famous for its vegetables as for its incomparable fruit, the fol lowing figures are given: Acres of celery this year, 5000; let tuce, 2000; cauliflower, 2500; toma toes, 1500; artichokes, 3000; aspara gus, 20,000; potatoes, 55,000. “The Eastern man accustomed to seeing such things grown in gardens or small fields, is amazed wjien he sees thousands of acres devoted to vegetable growing. Every thing is done on such a large scale, because of the soil and climatic conditions, that California ships carloads where Eastern growers ship truckloads, and where they ship carloads we ship trainloads. “Every year the Eastern markets are looking more and more to Cali fornia for celery, artichokes, cauli flower, lettuce and green asparagus. Os course we have to compete with Texas and other Southern states, at times, but we can produce at a time of the year when they cannot, and this gives us a big advantage. By having an expert visit all of the com peting states and communities, to as certain the acreage and crop condi tions, we can generally tell what to expect for our crop before it is ready to ship.” NEWS OF TURK WAR SENDS WHEAT UP TO $1.22 CHICAGO, Nov. 3. —A rush of buy ing orders sent the price of wheat to $1.22 at the opening of trading in the pit. The rush was caused by the news that Turkey had opened war on Rus sia. Today’s price is almost 45 per cent greater than on July 28, before Ger many declared war on France and Russia, when July wheat sold at 84 and September at 83%. Later the price touched $1.31%, but this was not justified and prices dropped to below $1.20. BALLOONISTS TELL DAMAGE DONE BY ENGLISH WARSHIPS LONDON, Nov. 2. —The Times cor respondent in Belgium wires the fol lowing: “Observation from a captive British balloon has revealed how effective has been the fire of the British warships on Ostend, Middlekerke, Lombaertz yde and other coast villages. “Not a single wall remains standing in the villages of Westkerke, Slype and Novie. Several other villages also are in ruins. All this damage was caused by the artillery of the British ships.” CONDENSATION OF CUH EVENTS HD FROM NUMEROUS SECTIONS Os BOIHJHHS Dispatches Picturing Developments from the Out side World Stripped of Unnecessary Details and Presented in Brief Republics Rush 1915 Halls SANTA DOMINGO, Nov. 2.—The pavilions of the Dominican republic and Haiti at San Francisco are being erected by one superintendent, who now is planning artistic surroundings. ‘ Cuban Cane Traffic Grows HAVANA, Cuba, Nov. 2. —Traffic in sugar cane over the Cuban Central railways increased from 1,799,372 tons in 1911-12 to 2,230,551 tons in 1912-13* Total goods traffic amounted to 3,243,- 752 tons. Armor Contract Let WASHINGTON, Nov. 3.—Contracts have been awarded to the Bethlehem and Midvale Steel companies for $lO,- 674,112 worth of armor plate and steel to be used in building the new battle ships California, Mississippi and Idaho. Fined One Cent CHICAGO, Nov. 3. —After having fined the Standard Oil company $25,- 000,000 several years ago, Judge Lan dis of the Federal court has fined Benjamin Centrachie one cent without costs for striking an internal revenue officer. Italy Lowers Duty on Cereals ROME, via Havre, Nov. 2. —The government has made an exceptional order reducing by one-half the customs duties on wheat, corn, oats and other cereals. This reduction, which is to be in force for five months, is made with the object of encouraging the importation of these commodities. Submarines To Transport Troops LONDON, Nov. 2. —A dispatch from openhagen to the Times says the Ger mans are building at Elbing and Ham burg a new type of large submarine which will be used for the transporta tion of troops. The main objecjt is to enable the troops to reach shore without being detected by the forces on land. The new boats can also be employed as pontoons on the surface. Boy Raises Record Crop DALTON, Nov. 3. —The judging of exhibits of the Boys’ Club at the Whitfield county fair showed seven members each raised more than 100 bushels to the acre. The greatest yield, 140 bushels and 30 pounds, was produced by Dan Cal laway, a 10-year-old boy. Willie Mor rison was a close second with 134 bushels and 50 pounds. The other 100- bushel members were Wilson Foster, Hill Anderson, Jud C. Brocker, Marion Cady and Lester Caldwell. Monte Cristo Holds Germans PARIS, Nov. 2. —Readers of Dumas’ “Monte Cristo” may be interested to hear that the Chateau d’lf, which stands on an island in Marseilles har bor, and was a fartress before it be came a prison, is, owing to the war, once more in use as a place of deten tion, after having been for many years a show place. “I have just steamed round it,” writes a correspondent at Marseilles, “and espied several melancholy black figures in French uniforms on the bat tlements. They were guarding Ger man prisoners.” Color Photography Perfected ROCHESTER, N. Y., Nov. 3. George Eastman, president and founder of the Eastman Kodak com pany, announced that after years of experiment and the expenditure of several hundred thousand dollars the company had perfected a process of color portrait photography. The process is said to be the first color photography method that has been simple enough to be used by the ordinary photographer. The photo graphs cannot be printed, but remain on the plate and are exhibited as transparencies.- The perfection of the process is credited to John G. an assist ant in the research laboratories of the Eastman company. SUBMARINE STRIKING IAT BATTLESHIP SUNK LONDON, Nov. 2. —A German sub marine which attempted to torpedo the British battleship Venerable off Ostend, is reported to have been sunk. The press bureau is unable to con firm this report. Disasters caused by mines are of such frequent occurrence that the fear is developing that sea traffic will have to be greatly curtailed. The situation is particularly bad in the North Sea, where German, Dutch and English mines have been laid. The steamer Manchester Spinner, from Manchester to Montreal, is re turning to Queenstown. It is reported by wireless that she needed medical care for two wounded sailors. It is believed the ship struck a floating mine. The vessel is a sister ship of the Manchester Commerce which was sunk by a mine' off the Irish coast Tuesday. BAY CITY BIKE RIDERS ENTER SIX-DAY EVENT NEW YORK, Nov. 3.—Lloyd Thom as and Willie Hanley will represent San Francisco in the six-day race at the Garden, starting Nov. 15. Thomas is a veteran six-day man, having com peted in the big race for the last four years, while Hanley has been a big prize winner in the amateur ranks and the runnerup to Harry Kaiser in the American championship this year.