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WEEK’S NEWS FROM
NEIGHBORING CITIES m o» w of mi mis ON INF PACK SLOPE Condensed Resume of the Week’s Happenings Covering Events of Interest from Nearby Places—Will Allow Rapid Scanning Municipal Bus Line Proposed SAN BERNARDINO, Feb. 9—A com mittee is at work endeavoring to form a plan whereby all auto bus lines may be owned and operated by the city. Fasts Forty-seven Days PALO ALTO, Cal., Feb. 9—L. C. Roth, a Palo Alto tailor, has passed his forty-seventh day without partaking of any food. He is fasting in an effort to overcome stomach trouble of long standing. “Four-Bit” Meals Denied LOS ANGELES, Feb. 9.—Affecting hundreds of county employes, a motion was passed by the board of supervisors which cuts off the 50-cent allowance heretofore made for all workers for their noonday lunch while on duty. Napa Manager Appointed SACRAMENTO, Feb. 9—Charles E Perry of Vallejo has been appointed by Governor Johnson to fill the va cancy on the board of managers of the Napa hospital left by John S. Chambers, who is now state controller. Alaska Invaded by Jitney Buses SEATTLE, Wash., Feb. 9.—The jit ney bus has invaded Alaska, and every town of any size on the coast now has a jitney service. The steamship com panies are finding a profitable busi ness in freighting light cars north from the assembling plants here. Long Beach Auditorium Safe • LONG BEACH, Feb. 9.—The Long Beach auditorium, the approach to which collapsed in May, 1912, killing and injuring many, has been declared safe for all kinds of uses. The report was made to the Long Beach board of public works by a commission compris ing Albert C. Martin, a Los Angeles architect; W. H. Austin, a Long Beach architect, and John C. Beer, a Long Beach contractor. L. A. County Leads State SACRAMENTO, Feb. 9—Vital statis tics compiled by the state bureau for 1914 show that Los Angeles county leads in the number of marriages with 7441. San Francisco is next with 6216 and third is Alameda, 2883; Orange, 1355; San Diego, 1227; Sacramento, 1164; Santa Clara, 1142; Fresno, 986; San Bernardino, 749; Marin, 730; San Joaquin, 715; and Sonoma, 526. The total number of marriages in the state was 31,902, against 31,383 in 1913, a gain of 1.7 per cent. Unique Use for Motor Bus LOS ANGELES, Cal., Feb. 9—For use as a motor bus to carry the chil dren to school, a 44-passenger coach has recently been ordered by the gram mar school trustees of San Fernando from Bentel and Mackey of Los Ange les. It will probably be delivered about March. It is likely the action of the San Fernando trustees will be fol lowed by the trustees of other subur ban sections, as where the children live so far from school it seems really necessary to provide some means for their transportation. U. S. Witholds Mail SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 9.—Unless the Oceanic Steamship company ac cedes to the wish of the United States postoffice department, the two “through” steamers Sonoma and Ven tura, which operate between this port and Australia, will bring no more mail from Honolulu on the homeward run. The Sonoma arriving from Sydney via Honolulu, had not a single bag of mail aboard from the island port. The Honolulu postoffice authorities, it is said, received orders from Washington that no mail should be sent to the mainland on either of the “through” boats until further notice. WILL BROKEN; U. OF C. LOSES $400,000 GIFT SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 9.—When Superior Judge Graham broke the will of the late Ernest V. Cowell, cement manufacturer, the University of Cali fornia tentatively lost a sum totaling about $400,000. The court sustained the contention of the widow, Mrs. Alice Cowell, that the will was invalid, because her hus band had bequeathed more than half of the estate to charity, thus depriving her of her lawful widow’s share. The cement manufacturer provided $200,000 for a stadium at the univer sity, and a similar sum for a gymna sium. STATE RULES AVALON BOATS, U. S. DECIDES WASHINGTON, Feb. 9.—-The Wil mington Transportation company of Los Angeles, which operates boats between San Pedro and Avalon, Cata lina Island, must submit to regulation by the railroad commission of Cali fornia, the supreme court decided. The company claimed that as its boats traversed the high seas they were in foreign commerce and not subject to state regulations. Justice Hughes in delivering the opinion of the court, said that the boats of the company made no pass age through territory of another state the jurisdiction of no other sover eignty was encountered and there was no reason why the state should not regulate the matter of transportation which seemed purely within the scope of the local authorities. The decision of the supreme court of California is affirmed. BIG TENTS TO HOUSE ORANGE SHOW NOW UP SAN BERNARDINO, Feb. 9.—The three great tents that are to house the Fifth National Orange show, February 17-24, are now up, and hundreds of men are at work day and night on the construction of booths and other neces sary equipment. The exhibits of oranges, lemons and other citrus fruits are perishable, and their installation is therefore delayed until the last possible moment, but the hundreds of displays have all been planned in minute detail, and their con struction will be rushed. Practically every citrus fruit district in California has secured space and will be represented in the array of the state’s choicest fruits, in the effort to impress the thousands of Easterners, and even Californians who are not thoroughly posted on the magnitude of the citrus industry, with the beauties and importance of the golden harvest. Every feature of the citrus fruit in dustry has been provided for in the ex position. An orange orchard, that is to form the natural scenery of the exposition, is now being transplanted. The streets of San Bernardino have been strung with a canopy of electric lights, and the preparations for the exposition that have been under way for six months are reaching a tangible form. CULEBRA BANKS TO BE TURNED TO ROCK, AIM NEW YORK, Feb. 9—Colonel Goe thals sails for Panama with a promise to have the canal cleaned up by June. He made light of the slides along the nine-mile Culebra cut and said that there is little cause for apprehension respecting future mishaps. While in Washington he made ar rangements with the Standard com mission for tests of a solidifying fluid, which is designed to turn soft earth into rock. It is planned if the tests prove favorable, to inject this fluid into the threatening banks along the Culebra cut and thus turn them from so much soft earth into solid walls. HOUSE SUSTAINS IMMIGRATION VETO WASHINGTON, Feb. 9.—By a very narrow margin the president’s veto of the immigration bill was sustained in a vote of the house of representatives. Those in favor of the measure lacked six votes of the necessary two-thirds to force it into legislation over the disapproval of the president. RESERVE BANK FUND OF (25,000,000 IS PLANNID EXTEND CLEARING-HOUSE OPERA TIONS BY 12 RESERVE BANKS Federal Reserve Board Creates Cen tral Fund to Protect Regional Banks —Actual Development of Sys tem Will Be Gradual WASHINGTON, Feb. 9. Confer ences between members of the Fed eral Reserve board and officers of sev eral of the reserve banks have devel oped definite plans for the extension of clearing-house operations by the twelve regional reserve banks. One feature of the plan provides for the creation of a central fund of possi bly $25,000,000 to be held in Washing ton to the credit of the reserve banks to take care of clearing-house opera tions between them. Actual development of the clearing system through the reserve banks will be gradual, but members of the reserve board believe these banks will in time take the place contemplated in the re serve act and do practically all the clearing for member banks. According to information, the cen tral fund in Washington is to be a gold fund made up of deposits from each of the twelve reserve banks. It was un derstood that the secretary of the treasury might place some of the gov ernment money now on deposit with national banks in the fund to the credit of the Federal Reserve banks. Such action would allow reserve banks to make smaller deposits in the central fund from their own resources. Balances probably will be adjusted only once a week or once a month, and will be largely matters of bookkeep ing. Active steps have been taken by treasury officials to compel directors of at least six national banks in New York city personally to make good losses sustained by their institutions through what the government holds were investments not authorized by law. Officials declined to give the names of the banks, but it was said that none of them was in the slightest danger and that the total amount in volved was a few million dollars. The investments took the form, it is said, of underwriting operations, and occurred several years ago. Many of the directors of the banks at the time are said not now to be connected with those institutions, but restitution has been demanded, nevertheless. Some of the directors concerned are said already to have agreed to make good, but negotiations with others are still in progress. Action was taken by the department at this time, it was understood, be cause the statute of limitations might operate to prevent stockholders of the banks in question from receiving the amounts lost through legal proceed ings. CODE OF LAWS WRITTEN 2500 B. C. DISCOVERED NEW HAVEN', Conn., Feb. 9.—A Babylonian tablet, believed to have been buried more than 4000 years ago and containing the earliest law code, has been unearthed and is now in pos session of Yale university. The tablet is encrusted heavily, but part of it has been cleaned and deciphered. The laws that have been translated refer to legislation concerning injury to women, repudiation of children who have perhaps been adopted, elopement, hire of boats and cattle, and provision for the killing of a hired ox by a lion. PROSPERITY WILL FOLLOW CLOSE OF EIHtOPEAN WAR DEMAND WILL BE ENORMOUS AND THE UNITED STATES WILL BE CALLED UPON TO SUPPLY EUROPEAN COUNTRIES Scarcity of Labor Will Cause High Prices in all Kinds of Goods But Europe Must Have Material for Rebuilding Her Commerce and Industries — Eminent Frenchman Estimates Daily War Cost at $40,000,000 An unprecedented wave of prosper ity, both in Europe and in America, is bound to follow the present Euro pean war. If the war is concluded within eight een months, and general governmental conditions in each country are not ma terially altered, France, Germany, Rus sia and England will all experience a revival such as occurred following the Franco-Prussian war and lasted until two years ago, when the present war clouds began to gather. The wealth and prosperity of Euro peans, particularly Germans, French and English, rests in their people, and not in their natural resources. These people are thrifty. They strive long with great perseverance and patience and achieve whatever they want or need, and as soon as there is prospect of a period of peace they will start in to recoup their lost fortunes with a zeal and a dogged perseverance, backed by science and intelligence, that will cause history to repeat itself. While there has been and still will be enormous loss of life, the male pop ulation will be sufficient to till the soil and take care of the regular channels of industry and trade. Their loss, among laboring men, is one of the factors, however, which will bring prosperity to America. The war has completely exhausted the supply of horses, wagons, and many kinds of manufactured articles. Upon resump tion of peace there will be an immedi ate demand for needed material to as sist in rebuilding the commerce and in dustry of Europe. The scarcity of labor will cause high prices in all classes of manufactured goods, so high in fact that Europe cannot compete wuth America in such commodities as motor cars, wagons, farm machinery and steel products for many years to come, even if any of them maintain a high tariff. America, with her scien tific production methods, her enormous factories, and the advantage gained by having a large market during the period of stagnation in Europe, will bo $6,000,000 MOTOR ORDER PROMISED U. S. BY ALLIES CHICAGO, Feb. 9. Further evi dence of increasing business in the United States as a result of the Euro pean war is contained in dispatches from Detroit, which quoted Capt. W. R. Eaton of the British army as authority for the statement that a new order for 3,000 motor trucks for Rus sia, France and England will soon be placed in the United States. The value of the order is estimated at $6,000,000. According to Captain Eaton, within thirty to sixty days vast orders for equipment for 1,000,000 more English, 1,000,000 more Russian and 600,000 more French soldiers will come to this country. Aside from the warring countries, Sweden promises to enter the market for American goods on a scale never before equaled. Requirements of the country cover a wide variety of products. Raw goods for textiles are among goods wanted, as well as motor vehicles, oils, leather goods, naval stores, paints, drugs, essential oils, cotton grain, wool, groceries, copper, lead, hickory, ash and tobacco. FEDERAL FLAGS MAY BE MADE OF COTTON WASHINGTON, D. C., Feb. 9.—The new Federal Coast Guard service has succumbed to a wave of patriotism and gone over to the “buy-a-bale-of-cotton” movement. It was announced that tests were begun with cotton flags on the revenue cutters Itasca and Apache to see if the cotton flag will do. Heretofore the American flags and all other pennants and flag signals used by the coast guard service which in cludes the revenue cutter and life-sav ing services, were made of bunting manufactured chiefly from foreign grown wool. MOTOR TAX BUREAU COSTS $156,328 FOR 17 MONTHS SACRAMENTO, Feb. 9.—State En gineer McClure issued a statement showing that the operation of the mo tor vehicle department from August 10, 1913, to December 31, 1914, for the collection of automobiles, motorcycles and chauffeur taxes and licenses, and the distribution of plates and seals costs $156,328.11. The first five months of this seventeen month per iod was devoted to preparation for handling the 1914 registrations. The receipts of the department for 1914 amounted to $1,338,785.25, so that the cost of operation was 11.6 per cent of the total revenue received. DENTISTS TO EDUCATE STATE IN CARE OF THE TEETH CHICAGO, Feb. 9.—The 1200 mem bers of the Chicago Dental Society at their convention in the Hotel LaSalle favored education on tooth trouble. “The dentists invite the co-operation of parents’ associations and other or ganizations interested in public health to avail themselves of the expert ad vice of the public service commissions of both the Illinois Dental Society and the Chicago Dental Society,’’ said Dr. Harry F. Lotz of Joliet, 111. “Tooth ache films are provided at cost and arrangements may be made for expert lecturers to accompany them.” called upon to supply much of the ma terials needed by Europe in the recon struction wihch is bound to follow the present war. European manufacturers have never been able to compete with America in price—and this price difference will be even greater after the war than be fore, because of the scarcity of labor. The prejudice against American goods is fast disappearing, in spite of the or ganized efforts of the European manu facturers to discredit the quality of the American product and keep it out of their markets. That American-made machinery of all kinds will play an important part in this re-establishment cannot be doubted by anyone who has visited Europe and who understands condi tions there. Cost of War The cost of the war to date is esti mated by Yvet Guyot, the eminent French economist, at an average of $40,000,000 a day for 183 days, or more than $7,000,000,000 for six months. Official reports of Mr. Lloyd George, chancellor of the exchequer of Eng land; of M. Ribot, minister of finance for France; of the Imperial Bank of Russia, and the German government’s own reports give official figures of ac tual money spent only up to Decem ber 1. France spent $855,000,000 in the first four months (more than $7,000,000 a day); Germany issued one loan of $845,000,000 and treasury bills for $375,000,000 more, making $1,175,000,- 000 during the first five months; she therefore spent nearly $8,000,000 a day. It will be seen from this that modern war is not merely a question of men, it is a question of war chest. Putting together these figures, offi cial and unofficial, it is certain that to date the war bills actually paid have averaged at least $1,060,000,000 a month. And they are mounting up at the rate of $48,000,000 a day, approxi mately, or $2,000,000 an hour, day and night, Sundays and holidays. FILIPINO LEADER OF RAID J»LEADS GUILTY '■: *' MANILA, P. 1., Feb. 8. —Rufino Vi cente, one of the leaders accused of instigating the Filipino raid on the governmental offices at Navotas on Christmas eve, pleaded guilty on trial here on the charge of sedition. Other Filipinos held on the same charge pleaded not guilty. The public prosecutor asserts that the government will prove that the movement was widely organized, and that documentary evidence shows that the rising - was directed as much against the Filipino politicians now holding office as it was against the American officials. CONTRACTS TO BURY INDIGENTS AT TEN FOR A CENT HANFORD, Cal., Feb. 9. —If you are poor and are about to die, die in Kings county; if you die there you’ll have something to feel good over just be fore you cash in. That is, the county will not go broke paying your funeral expenses. In competition with other undertak ers, a local firm was awarded the con tract to bury the bounty’s indigent dead for one mill each. This price includes the opening of the graves. His idea is to get the business. In many cases the indigents have rela tives who can pay a little something. TO RUN MINE GAUNTLET TO SELL GAS AT $2 GAL. SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 9.—The Standard Oil company’s American steamer Richmond left this port for Denmark, via New York, Sunday, tow ing a barge. Between the two they will take some 4,250,000 gallons oft' highest grade gasoline through the mine zone, and if they reach their des tination safely will deliver the petrol at $2 a gallon, or more than $8,000,000 for the cargo. That the cargo is destined for use by the German army is not denied. Germany is known to be almost with out this necessary motive power. Hence the almost unheard of price. $1,500,000 WORTH OF LOCOMOTIVES ORDERED CHICAGO, Feb. 9. —An order for $1,500,000 worth of locomotives for the Illinois Central railroad has been an nounced. The order was let to the Lima Locomotive company, a compara tively new competitor in the manufac ture of locomotives. The order calls for fifty engines of the Mikado type. N. Y. SENATE PASSES SUFFRAGE MEASURE ALBANY, N. Y., Feb. 9. —Whether the women of the state shall be given the ballot or not will be decided by the voters at the fall election, as the senate has adopted the woman suffrage resolution possed by the legislature in 1913. FIRST SAILING SHIP TO NAVIGATE CANAL SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 9—The Nor wegian ship Spring Bank, laden with wheat for Denmark, will be the first sailing vessel to traverse the Panama canal from the Pacific to the Atlantic. ALIEN TEACHER BAN CAUSES STIR IN COUNTY LOS ANGELES, Feb. 9. —Notice re ceived by State Superintendent of Schools Hyatt from the attorney gen eral of the state, declaring that teach ers of foreign birth who are not nat uralized citizens cannot teach in the schools of California, created intense interest in local school circles. It was stated from the superinten dent’s office that there are numerous men and women teaching in the city schools who are not naturalized citi zens. It was also stated that teachers of foreign birth are employed in the county schools. According to school officials these men and women are in danger of hav ing their positions and salaries for feited by the state. No official notice, however, has yet been received here from Superinten dent Hyatt regarding the decision of Attorney General Webb and no action in the matter will be taken by local school authorities until such notice is received. According to a report from Sacra mento many of the 15,000 teachers in the state are not naturalized citizens, and all will be affected by Superinten dent Hyatt’s action. The question of whether teachers not naturalized could teach in Cali fornia was brought up for settlement to the state superintendent by the Bakersfield school authorities. SACRAMENTO RIVER TOWN IN JEOPARDY WOODLAND, Feb. 9. —Within twen ty-four hours the Sacramento river will pour over the Knights Landing ridge and flood that town, according to reclamation experts who have been watching the flood situation. The 400 inhabitants of the town, which lies ten miles north of here, are preparing to flee. A Mexican was drowned in the Co lusa basin flood waters, six miles above Knights Landing, Thursday. Another was rescued from the top of a tree, where he had perched for sixteen hours. BILL TO DIVIDE TEXAS FAVORABLY REPORTED AUSTIN, Texas, Feb. 9. —A resolu tion to create out of the Panhandle of West Texas a new state, named Jeffer son, was favorably reported to the state senate. During committee de bate both sides announced they did not expect adoption of the resolution. RECORD CROP OF LEMONS FOR SEASON IS PREDICTED COMING CROP WILL BE LARGER THAN PREVIOUS SEASON Expect Shipment of One Thousand ' More Cars of Fruit This Year Than Is Usual—No Danger of Un favorable Weather SAN DIMAS, Feb. 9. —General crop conditions through the state indicate that the lemon growers are facing the greatest season in the history of this branch of citrus culture in the state. Figures show that with a continuation of present favorable conditions there will be at least 1000 more cars of lem ons shipped from California this year than in any past year. It should also be noted that there is no practical dan ger of unfavorable weather from now on. The various groves are yielding heavily, and with reasonable prices the returns to the growers will be very satisfactory on account of the large crop. In the past the fall market has gen erally been much above the average for the year. The fall market this year was unexpectedly low, and will proba bly not be above the average for the entire season. Unsettled conditions in the lemon market seemed to be due in a large part to the war in Europe, the possibility of not being able to sell a normal quantity of lemons in the Ital ian market, and the probability of heavy importations into this country. The January prices are above the av erage for a normal year. Predictions for the season are premature, on ac count of the fact that a great portion of the fruit will be sold after March 1. A forward step is favoring the estab lishment of a standard providing that no fruit of inferior quality, either in ripeness or frost injury, should he marketed. Action of this kind will be taken by the federal government auu by the state government, the same as has already been done on the sale and shipment of seed and various other commodities of the country. The standing of the California or anges in the market, the prices re ceived for them and the demand which will care for the increased crop de pend upon the satisfaction of the con sumer with the fruit which he buys. WARNS AMERICANS TO AVOID MEXICO WASHINGTON, Feb. 9.—Secretary Bryan issued a warning that Ameri cans who go to Mexico do so at their own risk. He said that no provision had been made for continuing to trans port American citizens from Mexico at this government’s expense. The warning followed a dispatch from Vice Consul Stadden, at Manza nillo, saying that many destitute Americans there had appealed to the consulate for relief. COAST SHIPPING MEN PLAN TO ORGANIZE PORTLAND, Ore., Feb. 9. —Shipping men from San Francisco, Vancouver. B. C.; Victoria, B. C.; Tacoma and Se attle arrived he~r> participate in a convention at which it is proposed to organize a Pacific Association of Em ploying Waterfront Men. Their declared purpose is to form an organization with branches in every Pacific coast port, to standardize ship ping charges and conditions of employ ment, which now are said to vary widely as between various cities. CONDENSATION OF CURRENT EVENTS mo M MM SHOWS of too urns Dispatches Picturing Developments From the Out side World Stripped of Unnecessary Details and Presented in Brief New Job for Goethals WASHINGTON, Feb. 9.—lt is under stood that Colonel George W. Goethals has been asked to take charge of engin eering work in the construction of the Alaska railroad. Pope’s Proposal Accepted ROME, Feb. 8. —King George and Kaiser Franz Josef have wired accept ing a new proposal of the Pope for an exchange of civilian prisoners over fif ty-five years of age. Hen Lays Her 3000th Egg NEW YORK, Feb. 9. —Miss Elsie Dobbins of Caldwell, N. J., owns a hen which she believes holds the world’s championship for industry. The hen, a Plymouth Rock, 14 years old, has laid her three thousandth egg. Canal Traffic PANAMA, Feb. 9. —Governor Goe thals of the canal zone in reply to a querry from England as to whether the Culebra slide would stop traffic through the canal has answered that a contin uous thirty-foot channel is assured. Greece Is Mobilizing LONDON, Feb. 8. —A wireless dis patch from Berlin says the Berliner Tageblatt reports from Constantinople that Greece is industriously making mobilization preparations and continu ing the fortification of her frontiers. Bread Costs Extra in Cases BERLIN, Feb. 8. —Hereafter diners in restaurants in Berlin will have to pay extra for bread served with meals. In Dresden the bakers are compelled to make their bread strictly according to the standard set by the government. War Relief Center Formed NEW YORK, Feb. 9—ln order that the distribution of relief of all kinds throughout the territory affected by war may be systematized, the war relief clearing house for France and its allies was organized by prominent business men of the country. Airship Stabilizer Tried NEW YORK, Feb. 9—A Curtiss fly ing boat equipped with the latest thing in aeronautics, the Sperry gyroscope stabilizer, flew over the navy yard and the East river while hundreds of per sons watched its antics. The new in vention permits the machine to main tain an even keel continuously. The government contemplates purchasing the rights to the stabilizer. $400,000,000 War Contracts NEW YORK, Feb. 9.—Contracts val ued at $400,000,000 and calling for guns, food, auto trucks, rails and am munition, the richest ever awarded to American manufacturers, have ar rived here in the strong box on board the White Star liner Adriatic. The World’s Star Knitting company of Bay City, Mich., has received an order from one of the warring nations for the delivery of 1,000,000 pairs of sox valued at $250,000. Coins of Jewelry is Plea ROTTERDAM, Feb. 8. —Every day there is further proof in the German newspapers of how the drain on the country’s resources is beginning to be felt. A “gold week” is proposed by the Berliner Tageblatt, which says: “Gold is as much a necessity to the state as daily bread. There is quite enough gold in the country, but what is wanted is for each individual to bring it to the national bank. A great quantity of gold lies in jewelry which is hardly ever worn by its owners. Therefore make coins of your' orna ments.” TROOPS WILL STAY AT MEXICAN BORDER DOUGLAS, Ariz., Feb. 9—United States army officers predict an unlim ited stay of the American troops along the Sonora-Arizona border, following Governor Maytorena’s violation of the peace agreement, which during the three weeks it lasted insured neutral ity in the Mexican town of Naco and no further fighting along the border. Both factions of Mexicans now con sider that the peace pact no longer ex ists, which again throws Agua Prieta across the line from Douglas, open to attack from the Maytorena faction now closing in from the south. General Calles’ force of Carranzistas, in Agua Prieta, is rapidly being mounted with horses purchased in the open market for the announced campaign against Maytorena. L. A. COUNTY LEADS STATE IN NUMBER OF AUTOS LOS ANGELES, Feb. 9. Some highly interesting figures are now be ing taken from the registration lists for 1915. The latest count shows that Los Angeles county has tagged approx imately 40,000 motor cars so far this year. The importance of Los Angeles county registration in relation to the remainder of the state is shown in some comparative figures. The entire northern portion of the state so far has registered 48,575 autos at Sacramen to, or only 8755 more than from this county alone. The Southern California registration figures to date are 62,491. So Los An geles county has furnished all hut 22,- 491 of this total. The grand total for the state is' 111,- 066, which gives Los Angeles county more than one-third of the cars so far registered.